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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640976/ernest-becker-and-stanley-milgram-twentieth-century-students-of-evil
#1
Jack Martin
Both Stanley Milgram and Ernest Becker studied and theorized human evil and offered explanations for evil acts, such as those constituting the Holocaust. Yet the explanations offered by Becker and Milgram are strikingly different. In this essay, brief biographical records of their lives are provided. Differences in their research methods and theories are then examined and traced to relevant differences in their lives, education, and careers. Especially important in this regard were their personal experiences of evil and the scholarly practices and traditions of social scientific and humanities scholarship that characterized their graduate education and scholarly work...
February 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555945/sirolimus-use-in-liver-transplant-recipients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-multicenter-open-label-phase-3-trial
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Edward K Geissler, Andreas A Schnitzbauer, Carl Zülke, Philipp E Lamby, Andrea Proneth, Christophe Duvoux, Patrizia Burra, Karl-Walter Jauch, Markus Rentsch, Tom M Ganten, Jan Schmidt, Utz Settmacher, Michael Heise, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Cillo, Norman Kneteman, René Adam, Bart van Hoek, Philippe Bachellier, Philippe Wolf, Lionel Rostaing, Wolf O Bechstein, Magnus Rizell, James Powell, Ernest Hidalgo, Jean Gugenheim, Heiner Wolters, Jens Brockmann, André Roy, Ingrid Mutzbauer, Angela Schlitt, Susanne Beckebaum, Christian Graeb, Silvio Nadalin, Umberto Valente, Victor Sánchez Turrión, Neville Jamieson, Tim Scholz, Michele Colledan, Fred Fändrich, Thomas Becker, Gunnar Söderdahl, Olivier Chazouillères, Heikki Mäkisalo, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Rudolf Steininger, Thomas Soliman, Koert P de Jong, Jacques Pirenne, Raimund Margreiter, Johann Pratschke, Antonio D Pinna, Johann Hauss, Stefan Schreiber, Simone Strasser, Jürgen Klempnauer, Roberto I Troisi, Sherrie Bhoori, Jan Lerut, Itxarone Bilbao, Christian G Klein, Alfred Königsrainer, Darius F Mirza, Gerd Otto, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Peter Neuhaus, Hans J Schlitt
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether sirolimus-based immunosuppression improves outcomes in liver transplantation (LTx) candidates with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: In a prospective-randomized open-label international trial, 525 LTx recipients with HCC initially receiving mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor-free immunosuppression were randomized 4 to 6 weeks after transplantation into a group on mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor-free immunosuppression (group A: 264 patients) or a group incorporating sirolimus (group B: 261)...
January 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26424886/dickkopf-3-promotes-the-differentiation-of-a-rostrolateral-midbrain-dopaminergic-neuronal-subset-in-vivo-and-from-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-vitro-in-the-mouse
#3
Yoshiyasu Fukusumi, Florian Meier, Sebastian Götz, Friederike Matheus, Martin Irmler, Ruth Beckervordersandforth, Theresa Faus-Kessler, Eleonora Minina, Benedict Rauser, Jingzhong Zhang, Ernest Arenas, Elisabet Andersson, Christof Niehrs, Johannes Beckers, Antonio Simeone, Wolfgang Wurst, Nilima Prakash
Wingless-related MMTV integration site 1 (WNT1)/β-catenin signaling plays a crucial role in the generation of mesodiencephalic dopaminergic (mdDA) neurons, including the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) subpopulation that preferentially degenerates in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the precise functions of WNT1/β-catenin signaling in this context remain unknown. Stem cell-based regenerative (transplantation) therapies for PD have not been implemented widely in the clinical context, among other reasons because of the heterogeneity and incomplete differentiation of the transplanted cells...
September 30, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25997164/a-multilaboratory-comparison-of-calibration-accuracy-and-the-performance-of-external-references-in-analytical-ultracentrifugation
#4
Huaying Zhao, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Carlos Alfonso, Fumio Arisaka, Ilan Attali, David L Bain, Marina M Bakhtina, Donald F Becker, Gregory J Bedwell, Ahmet Bekdemir, Tabot M D Besong, Catherine Birck, Chad A Brautigam, William Brennerman, Olwyn Byron, Agnieszka Bzowska, Jonathan B Chaires, Catherine T Chaton, Helmut Cölfen, Keith D Connaghan, Kimberly A Crowley, Ute Curth, Tina Daviter, William L Dean, Ana I Díez, Christine Ebel, Debra M Eckert, Leslie E Eisele, Edward Eisenstein, Patrick England, Carlos Escalante, Jeffrey A Fagan, Robert Fairman, Ron M Finn, Wolfgang Fischle, José García de la Torre, Jayesh Gor, Henning Gustafsson, Damien Hall, Stephen E Harding, José G Hernández Cifre, Andrew B Herr, Elizabeth E Howell, Richard S Isaac, Shu-Chuan Jao, Davis Jose, Soon-Jong Kim, Bashkim Kokona, Jack A Kornblatt, Dalibor Kosek, Elena Krayukhina, Daniel Krzizike, Eric A Kusznir, Hyewon Kwon, Adam Larson, Thomas M Laue, Aline Le Roy, Andrew P Leech, Hauke Lilie, Karolin Luger, Juan R Luque-Ortega, Jia Ma, Carrie A May, Ernest L Maynard, Anna Modrak-Wojcik, Yee-Foong Mok, Norbert Mücke, Luitgard Nagel-Steger, Geeta J Narlikar, Masanori Noda, Amanda Nourse, Tomas Obsil, Chad K Park, Jin-Ku Park, Peter D Pawelek, Erby E Perdue, Stephen J Perkins, Matthew A Perugini, Craig L Peterson, Martin G Peverelli, Grzegorz Piszczek, Gali Prag, Peter E Prevelige, Bertrand D E Raynal, Lenka Rezabkova, Klaus Richter, Alison E Ringel, Rose Rosenberg, Arthur J Rowe, Arne C Rufer, David J Scott, Javier G Seravalli, Alexandra S Solovyova, Renjie Song, David Staunton, Caitlin Stoddard, Katherine Stott, Holger M Strauss, Werner W Streicher, John P Sumida, Sarah G Swygert, Roman H Szczepanowski, Ingrid Tessmer, Ronald T Toth, Ashutosh Tripathy, Susumu Uchiyama, Stephan F W Uebel, Satoru Unzai, Anna Vitlin Gruber, Peter H von Hippel, Christine Wandrey, Szu-Huan Wang, Steven E Weitzel, Beata Wielgus-Kutrowska, Cynthia Wolberger, Martin Wolff, Edward Wright, Yu-Sung Wu, Jacinta M Wubben, Peter Schuck
Analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) is a first principles based method to determine absolute sedimentation coefficients and buoyant molar masses of macromolecules and their complexes, reporting on their size and shape in free solution. The purpose of this multi-laboratory study was to establish the precision and accuracy of basic data dimensions in AUC and validate previously proposed calibration techniques. Three kits of AUC cell assemblies containing radial and temperature calibration tools and a bovine serum albumin (BSA) reference sample were shared among 67 laboratories, generating 129 comprehensive data sets...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25265001/prediction-of-glaucomatous-visual-field-progression-using-baseline-clinical-data
#5
Paul J G Ernest, Jan S A G Schouten, Henny J M Beckers, Fred Hendrikse, Martin H Prins, Carroll A B Webers
PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model for glaucomatous visual field progression using easily accessible baseline clinical data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected baseline data of 613 consecutive patients with open-angle glaucoma from 2001 to 2003. The rate of visual field progression was calculated using the Visual Field Index (VFI) of routine follow-up examinations until 2010. Baseline data of 333 patients from 3 hospitals were used to develop a model to predict the rate of VFI progression using a linear regression analysis and univariate preselection (P<0...
February 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24301872/the-birth-and-death-of-religious-leaders
#6
S A Kenel
The phenomenon of religious leadership is a complex one. This article proposes that Ernest Becker's insight into the human tendency to deny death contributes to a better understanding of both the psychological and sociological dimensions of religious leadership. Specifically, it examines the role of transference in the leader-follower relationship and probes how this mechanism promotes the birth and demise of religious leaders. Some practical suggestions for healthy leader-follower relations are offered.
June 1987: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23852107/the-ethics-of-providing-hope-in-psychotherapy
#7
REVIEW
Justine Sarah Dembo, Norman A Clemens
The instillation of hope is a common factor in most psychotherapies. A considerable literature exists on the ethics of providing false or positively biased hope in non-psychiatric medical settings, and ethicists have generally concluded that this practice is unethical. However, the literature on the ethics of encouraging hope in psychotherapy, especially in the case of treatment-resistant mental illness, is sparse. The author explores two clinical cases with the intention of examining the nature of hope, false hope, positive illusions, and denial, as they relate to our definitions of mental health and psychotherapy...
July 2013: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23777230/sacred-content-secular-context-a-generative-theory-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-social-work
#8
Daniel Liechty
Although a secular profession, social work practitioners and educators do explore human spirituality, and this is embraced now by the profession as integral to a holistic view of the human being. Social workers in hospice and end-of-life care are on the front line of this shift. Still needed is for the profession to coalesce around a generative theory of religion to inform the discipline. The author proposes that a synthesis of ideas, particularly from anthropologists Ernest Becker and Fredrick Streng, provides a generative theory of religion that advances meaningful interface between diverse religious and spiritual ideations of clients and clinicians alike...
2013: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23279740/prevalence-of-end-of-life-visual-impairment-in-patients-followed-for-glaucoma
#9
Paul J G Ernest, Michiel J W M Busch, Carroll A B Webers, Henny J M Beckers, Fred Hendrikse, Martin H Prins, Jan S A G Schouten
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of end-of-life visual impairment in patients followed for glaucoma. METHODS: Data of 122 patients followed for glaucoma who had died between July 2008 and July 2010 and who had visited the ophthalmology outpatient department of a large non-academic Dutch hospital were collected from the medical files. Sixty-one patients had open-angle glaucoma (OAG), and 61 patients were suspect for glaucoma or had ocular hypertension (OHT). Visual impairment was defined as a mean deviation value <-15 dB or a Snellen visual acuity <0...
December 2013: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23211636/an-evidence-based-review-of-prognostic-factors-for-glaucomatous-visual-field-progression
#10
REVIEW
Paul J Ernest, Jan S Schouten, Henny J Beckers, Fred Hendrikse, Martin H Prins, Carroll A Webers
PURPOSE: To examine which prognostic factors are associated with glaucomatous visual field progression. DESIGN: Knowledge of prognostic factors helps clinicians to select patients at risk of glaucomatous visual field progression and intensify their treatment. METHODS: By consulting relevant databases, we identified 2733 articles published up to September 2010, of which 85 articles investigating prognostic factors for visual field progression in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) were eligible...
March 2013: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21985044/alloexposed-blood-donors-and-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-a-case-referent-study
#11
Rutger A Middelburg, Daniëlle van Stein, Femke Atsma, Johanna C Wiersum-Osselton, Leendert Porcelijn, Erik A M Beckers, Ernest Briët, Johanna G van der Bom
BACKGROUND: Donor white blood cell (WBC) antibodies are thought to increase the risk of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). WBC antibodies can be present in blood products from donors who have been alloexposed. Alloexposed donors are increasingly excluded from donating plasma, but can still donate plasma-poor products. We aimed to quantify the contribution of alloexposed donors to the occurrence of TRALI for different blood product types. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a case-referent study including all reported TRALI patients and all Dutch blood donors...
October 2011: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21950582/storage-time-of-blood-products-and-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury
#12
Rutger A Middelburg, Barbara A Borkent-Raven, Barbara Borkent, Mart P Janssen, Mart Jansen, Leo M G van de Watering, Johanna C Wiersum-Osselton, Martin R Schipperus, Erik A M Beckers, Ernest Briët, Johanna G van der Bom
BACKGROUND: Besides white blood cell antibodies in plasma-rich products, another cause of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) could be release of biologically active substances during storage of cellular blood products. We aimed to investigate the association of storage time and risk of TRALI for different product types. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We compared storage time of blood products transfused within 6 hours before the onset of TRALI to storage time of a representative sample of all blood products transfused in the Netherlands...
March 2012: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21812943/the-evidence-base-to-select-a-method-for-assessing-glaucomatous-visual-field-progression
#13
REVIEW
Paul J G Ernest, Jan S A G Schouten, Henny J M Beckers, Fred Hendrikse, Martin H Prins, Carroll A B Webers
A large number of methods have been developed for assessing glaucomatous visual field progression, but their properties have not yet been systematically evaluated. In this systematic literature review, we summarize the evidence base for selecting a method by providing answers to ten relevant questions on the variety, validity and reproducibility of methods. In total, we found 301 different methods in 412 articles. The majority of studies (54%) used the Humphrey Field Analyzer. No data have been published about the reproducibility of methods...
March 2012: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21724920/multiple-myeloma-diagnosis-and-orthopaedic-implications
#14
REVIEW
Thomas J Scharschmidt, Joshua D Lindsey, Pamela S Becker, Ernest U Conrad
Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy that commonly affects the skeletal system. The disease is primarily managed medically with chemotherapeutic agents. Pathologic fractures are common in patients with diagnosed and undiagnosed disease. The number of patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma is increasing, as is the incidence of associated pathologic fractures. Novel chemotherapeutic agents and radiation therapy protocols have been used to extend the average life span of patients with this disease. Various methods that allow for restoration of function and pain reduction can be used to stabilize and manage fractures associated with multiple myeloma...
July 2011: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20942855/the-influence-of-the-assessment-method-on-the-incidence-of-visual-field-progression-in-glaucoma-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Paul J G Ernest, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Jan S A G Schouten, Henny J M Beckers, Fred Hendrikse, Martin H Prins, Carroll A B Webers
PURPOSE: To study and quantify the difference in incidence of progression between methods for the assessment of glaucomatous visual field progression. METHODS: We identified 2450 articles published up to April 2009 in the following data sources: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane. Ten studies covering 30 methods were included. All studies aimed to compare different methods for the assessment of glaucomatous visual field progression in the same study population. A network meta-analysis using a mixed-effects model was performed to combine within-study between-method comparisons with indirect comparisons from other studies...
February 2012: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20459775/a-prospective-randomised-open-labeled-trial-comparing-sirolimus-containing-versus-mtor-inhibitor-free-immunosuppression-in-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andreas A Schnitzbauer, Carl Zuelke, Christian Graeb, Justine Rochon, Itxarone Bilbao, Patrizia Burra, Koert P de Jong, Christophe Duvoux, Norman M Kneteman, Rene Adam, Wolf O Bechstein, Thomas Becker, Susanne Beckebaum, Olivier Chazouillères, Umberto Cillo, Michele Colledan, Fred Fändrich, Jean Gugenheim, Johann P Hauss, Michael Heise, Ernest Hidalgo, Neville Jamieson, Alfred Königsrainer, Philipp E Lamby, Jan P Lerut, Heikki Mäkisalo, Raimund Margreiter, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Ingrid Mutzbauer, Gerd Otto, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Antonio D Pinna, Jacques Pirenne, Magnus Rizell, Giorgio Rossi, Lionel Rostaing, Andre Roy, Victor Sanchez Turrion, Jan Schmidt, Roberto I Troisi, Bart van Hoek, Umberto Valente, Philippe Wolf, Heiner Wolters, Darius F Mirza, Tim Scholz, Rudolf Steininger, Gunnar Soderdahl, Simone I Strasser, Karl-Walter Jauch, Peter Neuhaus, Hans J Schlitt, Edward K Geissler
BACKGROUND: The potential anti-cancer effects of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors are being intensively studied. To date, however, few randomised clinical trials (RCT) have been performed to demonstrate anti-neoplastic effects in the pure oncology setting, and at present, no oncology endpoint-directed RCT has been reported in the high-malignancy risk population of immunosuppressed transplant recipients. Interestingly, since mTOR inhibitors have both immunosuppressive and anti-cancer effects, they have the potential to simultaneously protect against immunologic graft loss and tumour development...
2010: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18488672/a-paradoxical-peace-hiv-in-post-conflict-states
#17
Joseph U Becker, Ernest Drucker
Conflict has traditionally been thought to contribute to the epidemic spread of HIV. New data call into question this assumption, and there is concern that the 'post-conflict phase' may be a particularly dangerous time for HIV transmission. The post-conflict phase is characterized by a potentially disastrous confluence of factors including demobilization of combatants, the presence of peacekeeping forces, the return of potentially infected soldiers and refugees, high-risk behaviours and persistent economic and social debilitation...
April 2008: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17381244/genome-wide-linkage-analysis-of-malaria-infection-intensity-and-mild-disease
#18
Christian Timmann, Jennifer A Evans, Inke R König, André Kleensang, Franz Rüschendorf, Julia Lenzen, Jürgen Sievertsen, Christian Becker, Yeetey Enuameh, Kingsley Osei Kwakye, Ernest Opoku, Edmund N L Browne, Andreas Ziegler, Peter Nürnberg, Rolf D Horstmann
Although balancing selection with the sickle-cell trait and other red blood cell disorders has emphasized the interaction between malaria and human genetics, no systematic approach has so far been undertaken towards a comprehensive search for human genome variants influencing malaria. By screening 2,551 families in rural Ghana, West Africa, 108 nuclear families were identified who were exposed to hyperendemic malaria transmission and were homozygous wild-type for the established malaria resistance factors of hemoglobin (Hb)S, HbC, alpha(+) thalassemia, and glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase deficiency...
March 23, 2007: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16603865/potential-for-hiv-transmission-through-unsafe-injections
#19
Cristian Apetrei, Joseph Becker, Michael Metzger, Rajeev Gautam, John Engle, Anne Katherine Wales, M Eyong, Peter Enyong, Martyn Sama, Brian T Foley, Ernest Drucker, Preston A Marx
We tested for HIV in discarded needles and syringe washes from 191 HIV-infected patients receiving injections in rural Cameroon. HIV-1 RNA was amplified from 34 of 103 intravenous injection syringes and two of 88 intramuscular injection syringes. All 36 strains were HIV-1 group M. The majority belonged to the circulating recombinant form CRF02 (IbNg). Our data support a role for unsafe injections in the spread of HIV-1 in Africa, in contrast to recent studies.
April 24, 2006: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16407290/conformation-assisted-inhibition-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-elicits-inhibitor-selectivity-over-t-cell-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase
#20
Ernest Asante-Appiah, Sangita Patel, Caroline Desponts, Jillian M Taylor, Cheuk Lau, Claude Dufresne, Michel Therien, Rick Friesen, Joseph W Becker, Yves Leblanc, Brian P Kennedy, Giovanna Scapin
PTP-1B represents an attractive target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Given the role that protein phosphatases play in the regulation of many biologically relevant processes, inhibitors against PTP-1B must be not only potent, but also selective. It has been extremely difficult to synthesize inhibitors that are selective over the highly homologous TCPTP. We have successfully exploited the conservative Leu119 to Val substitution between the two enzymes to synthesize a PTP-1B inhibitor that is an order of magnitude more selective over TCPTP...
March 24, 2006: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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