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Meloxicam

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107073/choroidal-vasculopathy-and-retinal-detachment-in-a-bald-eagle-haliaeetus-leucocephalus-with-lead-toxicosis
#1
Ramzi Eid, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Krista A Keller, K Tomo Wiggans, Christopher J Murphy, Elise E B LaDouceur, M Kevin Keel, Christopher M Reilly
A subadult male bald eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ) was presented for severe depression and weakness. Physical examination findings included depressed mentation, dehydration, sternal recumbency, poor body condition, and bilateral, whole-head, horizontal nystagmus. A heavy-metal panel was performed, and blood lead levels were 6.1 ppm. Treatment for lead poisoning was initiated, including subcutaneous fluids and parenteral calcium-disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ceftiofur, and meloxicam. Ophthalmic examination findings included absent menace response, absent dazzle reflex, slow and incomplete direct pupillary light reflex, mild anterior uveitis, incipient cataracts, multifocal retinal tears, and retinal separation in both eyes...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076506/stem-cells-from-adipose-tissue-improve-the-time-of-wound-healing-in-rats
#2
Camila Melo Ohashi, Fabio Alves Morikawa Caldeira, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, André Lopes Valente, Paulo Roberto Witter Dutra, Moysés Dos Santos Miranda, Simone do Socorro Damasceno Santos, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito, Otávio Mitio Ohashi, Edson Yuzur Yasojima
PURPOSE: To evaluate the Adipose Stem Cells (ACS) therapy efficacy on the time and quality of wound healing process in rats. METHODS: Nine male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into three groups I) 7 days of healing; II) 14 days of healing; III) 21 days of healing. Four incisions were made on the dorsal surface of each rat and then treated with intralesional ACS, meloxicam, and no treatment and ACS+meloxicam. Macroscopic evaluation was measured by percentage of healing and histopathological by hematoxylin-eosin was performed...
December 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046151/pain-alleviation-during-castration-of-piglets-a-comparative-study-of-different-farm-options
#3
F Gottardo, A Scollo, B Contiero, A Ravagnani, G Tavella, D Bernardini, G M De Benedictis, S A Edwards
Pain alleviation associated with castration of piglets is an important welfare issue. The present study compares the effect of different approaches and products suitable for farmer use, with the aim to alleviate pain due to castration in piglets. A randomized within-litter design, with 28 replicate litters, compared 7 treatments: handling () restraint of the piglet and manipulation of the scrotum, castration without pain relief (), 2 treatments (, ) with different concentrations of tetracaine (2 and 6%) applied topically 10 min before and immediately post-surgery, and 3 treatments with i...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044198/meloxicam-medication-reduces-orthodontically-induced-dental-root-resorption-and-tooth-movement-velocity-a-combined-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study-of-dental-periodontal-cells-and-tissue
#4
Christian Kirschneck, Matthias Meier, Kathrin Bauer, Peter Proff, Jochen Fanghänel
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are used to alleviate pain sensations during orthodontic therapy but are also assumed to interfere with associated pseudo-inflammatory reactions. In particular, the effects of partially selective COX-2 inhibition over the constitutively expressed COX-1 (11:1) on periodontal cells and tissue, as induced by the NSAID meloxicam, remain unclear. We investigate possible adverse side-effects and potentially useful beneficial effects during orthodontic therapy and examine underlying cellular and tissue reactions...
January 3, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005437/self-nanoemulsifying-granules-snegs-of-meloxicam-preparation-characterization-molecular-modeling-and-evaluation-of-in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-activity
#5
Vidhi J Parekh, Namita D Desai, Mushtaque S Shaikh, Ujwala A Shinde
Meloxicam, a BCS class II drug belonging to the class of NSAIDs is indicated in conditions of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and osteoarthritis in which rapid onset of drug action is desired to reduce inflammation and pain. The objective of the study was to thus develop Self Nanoemulsifying Granules (SNEGs) of Meloxicam (MLX) for enhancement of solubility; and subsequently dissolution rate, thus aiming for a faster onset of action. Preliminary studies along with molecular modeling studies were carried out for selection of appropriate lipids, surfactants and cosurfactants for the development of MLX-loaded Self Nanoemulsifying preconcentrate (SNEP)...
January 17, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980849/crystal-structure-of-a-2-1-co-crystal-of-meloxicam-with-acetyl-endi-carb-oxy-lic-acid
#6
Christian Tantardini, Sergey G Arkhipov, Ksenya A Cherkashina, Alexander S Kil'met'ev, Elena V Boldyreva
The pharmaceutical 2:1 co-crystal of meloxicam [MXM; systematic name: 4-hy-droxy-2-methyl-N-(5-methyl-thia-zol-2-yl)-2H-1,2-benzo-thia-zine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide] with acetyl-enedi-carb-oxy-lic acid (ACA; systematic name: but-2-ynedioic acid), crystallizes with one MXM mol-ecule and half an ACA mol-ecule in the asymmetric unit, C14H13N3O4S2·0.5C4H2O4. The mid-point of the triple bond of ACA is located on an inversion centre. In the crystal, the two stereoisomers of MXM with respect to the N atom of the sulfonamide group are related by the inversion centre...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934636/impact-of-probe-substrate-selection-on-cytochrome-p450-reaction-phenotyping-using-relative-activity-factor
#7
Yin Fai Amy Siu, Weidong George Lai
Accurately assessing the contribution of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms to overall metabolic clearance is important for prediction of clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI). The relative activity factor (RAF) approach in CYP reaction phenotyping assumes that the interaction between CYP selective probes and testing systems is the same as to drug candidate with those systems. To test this assumption, Intersystem Clearance Ratio (ICR) was created to evaluate the difference in values between RAF-scaled intrinsic clearance (CLint) and measured CLint in human liver microsomes (HLM)...
December 1, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933616/efficacy-of-preoperative-ibuprofen-and-meloxicam-on-the-success-rate-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#8
Yazdan Shantiaee, Sahar Javaheri, Amir Movahhedian, Sarah Eslami, Omid Dianat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether premedication with ibuprofen or meloxicam increases the success rate of anaesthesia in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this parallel, double-blind clinical trial, 92 patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into four groups of 23 patients. The first group (the no-premedication group) received no premedication, the second group (the meloxicam group) received 7...
December 8, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932721/can-you-reduce-the-dose-of-meloxicam-in-dogs-with-osteoarthritis
#9
Hannah Doit, Kathryn Wareham
BestBETs for Vets are generated by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine at the University of Nottingham to help answer specific questions and assist in clinical decision making. Although evidence is often limited, they aim to find, present and draw conclusions from the best available evidence, using a standardised framework. A more detailed description of how BestBETs for Vets are produced was published in a previous issue of Veterinary Record (VR, April 4, 2015, pp 354-356).
December 10, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925221/pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-grapiprant-in-a-carrageenan-induced-inflammatory-pain-model-in-the-rabbit
#10
V De Vito, M Salvadori, A Poapolathep, H Owen, R Rychshanova, M Giorgi
Grapiprant is the novel selective EP4 receptor inhibitor recently issued on the veterinary market for dogs affected by osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was twofold: to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of grapiprant in the induced inflammatory pain model in the rabbit after a single IV injection of 2 mg/kg; to compare the thermal antinociception effect after 2 mg/kg IV grapiprant, with that generated by 0.5 mg/kg meloxicam SC injected. Rabbits (n = 12) were randomly assigned to two crossover studies (single-dose, two-period crossover)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909515/myocardial-biopsy-in-idiopathic%C3%A2-atrial-fibrillation-and-other-arrhythmias-nosological-diagnosis-clinical-and-morphological-parallels-and-treatment
#11
O V Blagova, A V Nedostup, E A Kogan, V A Sulimov, S A Abugov, A G Kupriyanova, V A Zaydenov, A E Donnikov, E V Zaklyazminskaya, E A Okisheva
BACKGROUND: The nosological nature of "idiopathic" arrhythmias and the effect of etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment are often unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: 19 patients (42.6±11.3 years, 9 women) with atrial fibrillation (n = 16), supraventricular (n = 10) and ventricular (n = 4) premature beats, supraventricular (n = 2) and ventricular tachycardia (n = 1), left bundle branch block (n= 2), AV block (n = 2) without structural heart changes. Viruses were identified (polymerase chain reaction, PCR) along with measurement of anti-heart antibodies (AHA) and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904016/the-measurement-of-meloxicam-and-meloxicam-metabolites-in-rat-plasma-using-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-ultraviolet-spectrophotometry-method
#12
Aoi Miyamoto, Takahiko Aoyama, Yoshiaki Matsumoto
A high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet spectrophotometry (HPLC-UV) method for the determination of meloxicam (MEL) and meloxicam metabolites (5'-hydroxy meloxicam (5-HMEL) and 5'-carboxy meloxicam (5-CMEL)) has been developed. After extraction of MEL, 5-HMEL, and 5-CMEL from rat plasma using Oasis HLB cartridges, the extracts were separated with a Luna C18 (2) 100 A column (5 μm, 4.6 × 150 mm, Phenomenex) using a mobile phase of 50 mM phosphate buffer (pH 2.15, solvent A) and acetonitrile (solvent B) at a flow rate of 0...
December 1, 2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901389/population-pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-dose-of-meloxicam-after-oral-and-intramuscular-administration-to-captive-lesser-flamingos-phoeniconaias-minor
#13
Martín A Zordan, Mark G Papich, Ashley A Pich, Katy M Unger, Carlos R Sánchez
OBJECTIVE To determine the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of meloxicam after IM and oral administration to healthy lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) by use of a population approach. ANIMALS 16 healthy captive lesser flamingos between 1 and 4 years of age. PROCEDURES A single dose of meloxicam (0.5 mg/kg) was administered IM to each bird, and blood samples were collected from birds at 3 (n = 13 birds), 2 (2), or 1 (1) selected point between 0 and 13 hours after administration, with samples collected from birds at each point...
December 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875913/development-and-optimization-of-a-meloxicam-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-complex-for-orally-disintegrating-tablet-using-statistical-analysis
#14
Ahmad Ainurofiq, Syaiful Choiri
The purpose of this research was to develop an inclusion complex of meloxicam (MEL)/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) incorporated into an orally disintegrating tablet (ODT), using statistical analysis to optimize the ODT formulation based on a quality by design (QbD) approach. MEL/β-CD complexation was performed by kneading, co-precipitation and spray drying methods under different molar ratios. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis were utilized to evaluate the complexes. A central composite design (α = 2) was applied to optimize and assess the influence of Primojel, Primellose and crushing strength (CS) as independent variables on tablet friability, disintegration behavior, wicking properties and drug release...
December 8, 2016: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845312/-improvement-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-treatment-of-patients-with-low-back-pain
#15
P R Kamchatnov
Low back pain (LBP) is an extremely widespread syndrome in the population. Nonsteroidal Inflammatory drugs are most frequently used in treatment of patients with LBP. The use of these drugs causes adverse effects, the risk of which can be minimized. To decrease the risk, B-group vitamins are used in the complex treatment. The possibility of simultaneous using of artrozan (meloxicam) and cyanocobalamine (B-group vitamin complex) in the treatment of LBP is considered.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842798/synthesis-cox-1-2-inhibition-activities-and-molecular-docking-study-of-isothiazolopyridine-derivatives
#16
Piotr Świątek, Malgorzata Strzelecka, Rafal Urniaz, Katarzyna Gębczak, Tomasz Gębarowski, Kazimierz Gąsiorowski, Wieslaw Malinka
One of the main challenges for nowadays medicine is drugs selectivity. In COX-1 and COX-2, the active sites are composed of the same group of amino acids with the exception of the only one residue in position 523, in COX-1 is an isoleucine, while in COX-2 is a valine. Here, we presented a series of isothiazolopyridine/benzisothiazole derivatives substituted differently into an isothiazole ring, which were synthesized and investigated for their potencies to inhibit COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes by colorimetric inhibitor screening assay...
January 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833182/appreciation-for-analysis-of-how-levonorgestrel-works-and-reservations-with-the-use-of-meloxicam-as-emergency-contraception
#17
COMMENT
A Patrick Schneider, Christopher Kubat, Christine M Zainer
This paper is a response to Dr. Kathleen Raviele's recent article on her critical analysis of the use of levonorgestrel given to women postsexual assault and her suggestion that the use of Meloxicam may be an ethical alternative.
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775559/synthesis-spatial-structure-and-analgesic-activity-of-sodium-3-benzylaminocarbonyl-1-methyl-2-2-dioxo-1h-2%C3%AE-%C3%A2-1-benzothiazin-4-olate-solvates
#18
Igor V Ukrainets, Lidiya A Petrushova, Svitlana V Shishkina, Lina A Grinevich, Galina Sim
In order to obtain and then test pharmocologically any possible conformers of the new feasible analgesic N-benzyl-4-hydroxy-1-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ⁶,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide, its 4-O-sodium salt was synthesized using two methods. X-ray diffraction study made possible to determine that, depending on the chosen synthesis conditions, the above-mentioned compound forms either monosolvate with methanol or monohydrate, where organic anion exists in the form of three different conformers. Pharmacological testing of the two known pseudo-enantiomeric forms of the original N-benzylamide and of the two solvates of its sodium salt was performed simultaneously under the same conditions and in equimolar doses...
October 19, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766224/improvement-of-meloxicam-solubility-using-a-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-complex-prepared-via-the-kneading-method-and-incorporated-into-an-orally-disintegrating-tablet
#19
Ahmad Ainurofiq, Syaiful Choiri, Muhamad Ali Azhari, Chaterin Romauli Siagian, Bambang Budi Suryadi, Fea Prihapsara, Sholichah Rohmani
Purpose: The aim of this research was to formulate and develop an orally disintegrating tablet (ODT) that incorporated a MEL/β-CD complex, using a quality by design (QbD) approach to enhance solubility and drug release. Methods: Multiple regression linear analysis was conducted to develop the kneading process and ODT formulation. Mixing time and amount of solvent were used as independent variables in kneading process optimisation, while the superdisintegrants were used to obtain the desired formulation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry were performed for complex characterization...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725022/inappropriate-medicine-prescribing-in-older-south-africans-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-medicine-claims-data
#20
J A Van Heerden, J R Burger, J J Gerber
BACKGROUND: Prescribing for older patients is a well-recognised problem, and inappropriate items are prescribed frequently. Several tools and criteria are available to promote rational prescribing in older patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) in older South African patients. METHODS: A retrospective drug utilisation review was conducted using medicine claims data over a 1-year period...
September 9, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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