keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anticipatory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#1
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147922/the-effect-of-head-to-head-competition-on-behavioural-thermoregulation-thermophysiological-strain-and-performance-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#2
Jo Corbett, Danny K White, Martin J Barwood, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Michael J Tipton, Terry McMorris, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that pacing is a thermoregulatory behaviour. We investigated the effect of competition on pacing, performance and thermophysiological strain during exercise in the heat and the psychological factors mediating competition effects. METHOD: Eighteen males (maximum oxygen uptake [V O 2max] 3.69 [0.44] L min(-1)) undertook a preliminary 20-km cool (wet-bulb globe temperature [WBGT] 12 °C) cycling time trial (TT) and three experimental 20-km trials (balanced order): (i) cool TT (CoolSolo); (ii) hot (WBGT 26 °C) TT (HotSolo); (iii) hot head-to-head competition (HotH2H)...
November 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147890/food-allergy-in-children-an-overview
#3
REVIEW
Jaidev M Devdas, Christopher Mckie, Adam T Fox, Vinod H Ratageri
The estimated prevalence of food allergy amongst children in the west is around 6-8% but there is paucity of data in the Indian population. There is a complex interplay of environmental influences and genetic factors in the immuno-pathogenesis and manifestations of food allergy. A reliable thorough clinical history, combined with positive skin prick tests or food-specific IgE, is essential for a more precise diagnosis of food allergy. Currently there is no cure for food allergy. The management of food allergy usually includes strict avoidance, patient education and provision of emergency medication (adrenaline-autoinjectors)...
November 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143629/from-erasure-to-opportunity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-transgender-men-around-pregnancy-and-recommendations-for-providers
#4
Alexis Hoffkling, Juno Obedin-Maliver, Jae Sevelius
BACKGROUND: Some transgender men retain their uterus, get pregnant, and give birth. However, societal attitudes about gender have erected barriers to openly being pregnant and giving birth as a transgender man. Little research exists regarding transgender men's reproductive needs. Anecdotal observations suggest that social change and increasing empowerment of transgender men may result in increasing frequency and openness about pregnancy and birth. Specific needs around conception, pregnancy, and newborn care may arise from transphobia, exogenous testosterone exposure, or from having had (or desiring) gender-affirming surgery...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138421/mperiod2-brdm1-and-other-single-period-mutant-mice-have-normal-food-anticipatory-activity
#5
Julie S Pendergast, Robert H Wendroth, Rio C Stenner, Charles D Keil, Shin Yamazaki
Animals anticipate the timing of food availability via the food-entrainable oscillator (FEO). The anatomical location and timekeeping mechanism of the FEO are unknown. Several studies showed the circadian gene, Period 2, is critical for FEO timekeeping. However, other studies concluded that canonical circadian genes are not essential for FEO timekeeping. In this study, we re-examined the effects of the Per2 (Brdm1) mutation on food entrainment using methods that have revealed robust food anticipatory activity in other mutant lines...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130143/incorporating-social-media-into-your-support-tool-box-points-to-consider-from-genetics-based-communities
#6
Heather Mae Rocha, Juliann M Savatt, Erin Rooney Riggs, Jennifer K Wagner, W Andrew Faucett, Christa Lese Martin
Patients with newly-described or rare genetic findings are turning to social media to find and connect with others. Blogs, Facebook groups, and Twitter have all been reported as tools for patients to connect with one another. However, the preferences for social media use and privacy among patients, their families, and these communities have not been well characterized. To explore preferences about privacy and membership guidelines, an online survey was administered to two web-based patient registries, Simons Variation in Individuals Project ( www...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129925/the-neural-basis-of-homeostatic-and-anticipatory-thirst
#7
REVIEW
Claire Gizowski, Charles W Bourque
Water intake is one of the most basic physiological responses and is essential to sustain life. The perception of thirst has a critical role in controlling body fluid homeostasis and if neglected or dysregulated can lead to life-threatening pathologies. Clear evidence suggests that the perception of thirst occurs in higher-order centres, such as the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and insular cortex (IC), which receive information from midline thalamic relay nuclei. Multiple brain regions, notably circumventricular organs such as the organum vasculosum lamina terminalis (OVLT) and subfornical organ (SFO), monitor changes in blood osmolality, solute load and hormone circulation and are thought to orchestrate appropriate responses to maintain extracellular fluid near ideal set points by engaging the medial thalamic-ACC/IC network...
November 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129655/relevance-and-uncertainty-jointly-influence-reward-anticipation-at-the-level-of-the-spn-erp-component
#8
Wioleta Walentowska, Katharina Paul, Mario Carlo Severo, Agnes Moors, Gilles Pourtois
The stimulus-preceding negativity (SPN) component reflects the anticipatory phase of reward processing. Its amplitude is usually larger for informative compared to uninformative upcoming stimuli, as well as for uncertain relative to predictable ones. In this study, we sought to assess whether these two effects, when combined together, produced a synergistic effect or rather independent ones on the SPN during performance monitoring. Participants performed a speeded Go/NoGo task while 64-channel EEG was recorded concurrently...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129289/craving-for-the-future-the-brain-as-a-nutritional-prediction-system
#9
REVIEW
Samuel J Walker, Dennis Goldschmidt, Carlos Ribeiro
In the last decades, predictive coding has emerged as an important framework for understanding how the brain processes information. It states that the brain is constantly inferring and predicting sensory data from statistical regularities in its environment. While this framework has been largely applied to sensory processing and motor control, we argue here that it could also serve as framework for a better understanding of how animals regulate nutrient homeostasis. Mechanisms that underlie nutrient homeostasis are commonly described in terms of negative feedback control, which compares current states with a reference point, called setpoint, and counteracts any mismatches...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128872/prenatal-kynurenine-treatment-in-rats-causes-schizophrenia-like-broad-monitoring-deficits-in-adulthood
#10
Britta Hahn, Carolyn H Reneski, Ana Pocivavsek, Robert Schwarcz
RATIONALE: Elevated brain kynurenic acid (KYNA) levels are implicated in the pathology and neurodevelopmental pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In rats, embryonic treatment with kynurenine (EKyn) causes elevated brain KYNA levels in adulthood and cognitive deficits reminiscent of schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence suggests that people with schizophrenia have a narrowed attentional focus, and we aimed at establishing whether these abnormalities may be related to KYNA dysregulation...
November 11, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127099/individualised-advance-care-planning-in-children-with-life-limiting-conditions
#11
Erik A H Loeffen, Wim J E Tissing, Meggi A Schuiling-Otten, Chris C de Kruiff, Leontien C M Kremer, A A Eduard Verhagen
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the Pediatric Association of the Netherlands launched an evidence-based guideline 'Palliative care for children'. To promote implementation in daily practice and hereby improve quality of paediatric palliative care, we aimed to develop a functional individualised paediatric palliative care plan (IPPCP) that covers physical, psychological, spiritual and social functioning, with great emphasis on the guideline's recommendations, advance care planning and patients' and parents' preferences and desires...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124546/fast-neural-dynamics-of-proactive-cognitive-control-in-a-task-switching-analogue-of-the-wisconsin-card-sorting-test
#12
Gema Díaz-Blancat, Juan García-Prieto, Fernando Maestú, Francisco Barceló
One common assumption has been that prefrontal executive control is mostly required for target detection (Posner and Petersen in Ann Rev Neurosci 13:25-42, 1990). Alternatively, cognitive control has also been related to anticipatory updating of task-set (contextual) information, a view that highlights proactive control processes. Frontoparietal cortical networks contribute to both proactive control and reactive target detection, although their fast dynamics are still largely unexplored. To examine this, we analyzed rapid magnetoencephalographic (MEG) source activations elicited by task cues and target cards in a task-cueing analogue of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
November 9, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124096/implicit-theory-of-mind-across-the-life-span-anticipatory-looking-data
#13
Louisa Kulke, Mirjam Reiß, Horst Krist, Hannes Rakoczy
In this work, we present a collection of data from three replication studies of anticipatory looking false belief tasks measuring implicit Theory of Mind. Two paradigms, by Southgate & Senju and Surian & Geraci were replicated in two independent labs. Eye-tracking data was collected and processed in line with the original procedures to allow for an investigation of effects of false belief processing on looking times and first saccades.
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120895/leaving-the-nest-anticipatory-guidance-for-the-college-bound-youth
#14
Sharnendra Sidhu, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of students enrolling in college is on the rise; however, the number of students dropping out is increasing as well. Given that the transition to attending college poses challenges with independent academic functioning, social adjustment, health behaviors, and lifestyle choices, the purpose of this review is to describe some of the issues that these students will encounter so that pediatricians can help teens who are going to college successfully transition to their new academic, social, and living environment...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119282/could-white-coat-ocular-hypertension-affect-to-the-accuracy-of-the-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-relationships-between-anxiety-and-intraocular-pressure-in-a-simulated-clinical-setting
#15
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Álvarez, Xavier Borràs
Sixty-one healthy subjects participated in a laboratory study carried out in a simulated clinical setting. Anticipatory anxiety-state was assessed at the arrival and immediately after, with no brief phase of adaptation, measurements of intraocular pressure, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were collected. At the end of the procedure, anxiety-trait was also assessed. Results suggest that high levels of both anxiety-state and anxiety-trait significantly predicted a clinically relevant increase of intraocular pressure...
November 8, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118139/anticipatory-flexibility-larval-population-density-in-moths-determines-male-investment-in-antennae-wings-and-testes
#16
Tamara L Johnson, Matthew R E Symonds, Mark A Elgar
Developmental plasticity provides individuals with a distinct advantage when the reproductive environment changes dramatically. Variation in population density, in particular, can have profound effects on male reproductive success. Females may be easier to locate in dense populations, but there may be a greater risk of sperm competition. Thus, males should invest in traits that enhance fertilization success over traits that enhance mate location. Conversely, males in less dense populations should invest more in structures that will facilitate mate location...
November 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116436/higher-levels-of-motor-competence-are-associated-with-reduced-interference-in-action-perception-across-the-lifespan
#17
Stephanie Wermelinger, Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Action perception and action production are tightly linked and elicit bi-directional influences on each other when performed simultaneously. In this study, we investigated whether age-related differences in manual fine-motor competence and/or age affect the (interfering) influence of action production on simultaneous action perception. In a cross-sectional eye-tracking study, participants of a broad age range (N = 181, 20-80 years) observed a manual grasp-and-transport action while performing an additional motor or cognitive distractor task...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112673/feedback-is-the-breakfast-of-champions-the-significance-of-self-controlled-formal-feedback-for-autonomous-task-engagement
#18
Liang Meng, Zijing Yang
With the aim of examining the positive effect of the formal feedback mechanism itself beyond its informational aspect, we engaged participants in the stopwatch task and recorded their electroencephalogram throughout the experiment. This task requires a button press to stop the watch within a given time interval, the completion of which is simultaneously accompanied by adequate information on task performance. In the self-controlled feedback mode, participants could freely choose whether to request formal feedback after completing the task...
November 6, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100659/the-sander-parallelogram-illusion-dissociates-action-and-perception-despite-control-for-the-litany-of-past-confounds
#19
Robert L Whitwell, Melvyn A Goodale, Kate E Merritt, James T Enns
The two visual systems hypothesis proposes that human vision is supported by a occipito-temporal network for the conscious visual perception of the world, and a fronto-parietal network for visually-guided, object-directed actions. Two specific claims about the fronto-parietal network's role in sensorimotor control have generated much data and controversy: (1) the network relies primarily on the absolute metrics of target objects, which it rapidly transforms into effector-specific frames of reference to guide the fingers, hands, and limbs, and (2) the network is largely unaffected by scene-based information extracted by the occipito-temporal network for those same targets...
October 5, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100259/anticipatory-corticosteroid-administration-to-asymptomatic-women-with-a-short-cervix
#20
Douglas S Richards, Luchin F Wong, M Sean Esplin, Dave S Collingridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
keyword
keyword
107579
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"