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low birth weight jaundice

Hu Zhao, Bijuan Li, Ning Li, Yamei Shen, Kailiang Liu, Xiangwu Shu, Cheng Mei, Lanlan Tang
Haemolytic disease is a condition characterized by anaemia and jaundice, and the course may be more complicated in twins. We investigated the demographic and laboratory characteristics of twins with haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) and compared these characteristics between groups categorized according to multiple birth status (twins vs. singletons) and conception method (assisted reproductive technology (ART) vs. spontaneous conception). Fifty-five twins with HDN and 253 singletons with HDN who were born during the same period (controls) were included in the study, and we performed comparisons between them...
February 8, 2017: Immunologic Research
Zahra Sabeti Rad, Britt Friberg, Emir Henic, Lars Rylander, Olof Ståhl, Bengt Källén, Göran Lingman
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics (except congenital malformations) of offspring born to women with a history of malignancy. METHODS: Data were obtained by linkage between four different Swedish national health registers. We compared the offspring born between 1994 and 2011 of women with a history of malignancy with all other infants. Survival of the infants was followed up through 2013. Adjusting for confounders was performed using Mantel-Haenszel methodology...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Jeff Bolstridge, Tracy Bell, Barbara Dean, Amy Mackley, Gina Moore, Cheryl Swift, Dina Viscount, David A Paul, Stephen A Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Due to clinical benefits, delayed cord clamping (DCC) is recommended in infants born before 37 weeks gestational age. The objective was to institute a delayed cord clamping program and to evaluate clinical outcomes one year after initiation. METHODS: This study occured at Christiana Care Health System, a tertiary care facility with a 52 bed level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). A multidisciplinary team created a departmental policy, a DCC protocol and educational programs to support the development of a DCC program...
September 13, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Hazel A Smith, Genevieve E Becker
BACKGROUND: Health organisations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months. However, the addition of other fluids or foods before six months is common in many countries. Recently, research has suggested that introducing solid food at around four months of age while the baby continues to breastfeed is more protective against developing food allergies compared to exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Other studies have shown that the risks associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding are dependent on the type of additional food or fluid given...
August 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Nilüfer Güzoğlu, Ümit Ayşe Tandircioğlu, Didem Aliefendioğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Prematurity is a significant risk factor for developing unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. This study investigated the current approach to managing hyperbilirubinemia in preterm newborns in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study-specific questionnaire on the management of jaundice in preterm infants was sent to 100 level III neonatal intensive care units in Turkey. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 84 centers from all regions of Turkey...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
David K Stevenson, Ronald J Wong, Cody C Arnold, Claudia Pedroza, Jon E Tyson
Phototherapy has been used to treat newborns with jaundice for more than 50 years with the presumption that it is safe and effective for all infants. In fact, this presumption may not be true for all infants, especially the smallest and most immature. The safety and efficacy of phototherapy have never really been questioned or adequately tested in the latter, yet clinical applications of phototherapy have been further refined as its mechanisms of action have been better understood and alternative light sources have become available...
June 2016: Clinics in Perinatology
Richard Wennberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Felix K Quist, Roopali Bapat, Helen K Kuch-Kunich, Kanayo Ezeanolue, Saraswati Keeni, Ronald Thomas, Joseph Callaghan, Michael Callaghan, Eugene Cepeda, Nitin S Chouthai
OBJECTIVE: This is a comprehensive study designed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) in very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns of African American (AA) descent. METHODS: TcB was conducted at the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), temporal region and sternum within 2 h of total serum bilirubin (TSB) measurements in newborns born at ≤32 weeks' gestation prospectively. Average (AVG) TcB levels were also calculated. The relationships between TSB and TcB levels were analyzed using non-parametric Spearman bivariate correlations, a Bland-Altman plot procedure and a decision tree (DT) analysis...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Qingqing Jie, Su Lin, Hao Zhang, Yingying Hu, Xiangrong Huang, Si Chen, Shangqin Chen, Zhenlang Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics, antibiotics sensitivity, outcome and risk factors of neonatal septicemia caused by Candida haemulonii. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical characteristics and antibiotics sensitivity after 8 cases of neonatal septicemia caused by Candida haemulonii were identified; each of these patients had at least one positive result of bacterial culture for Candida haemulonii. RESULT: The 8 cases born at gestational age of 178-260 d, weighing 835-2 055 g, developed the infection from May to July at 10-34 d after hospitalization...
March 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
S Budhathoki, P Poudel, N K Bhatta, R R Singh, M K Shrivastava, S R Niraula, B Khanal
Low birth weight (LBW) remains an important cause of newborn morbidity and mortality. A hospital based prospective and descriptive study was conducted at Paediatric wards, Nursery, Neonatal intensive unit (NICU) and Post natal ward during period of June to October 2010 to note the clinico-epidemiological profile of Low Birth Weight (LBW) newborns. Incidence of the LBW babies in our hospital was 14.45%; more than four fifth (82.2%) baby's mothers were primigravida. Eighty two percent mothers had unbooked pregnancies...
December 2014: Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ
Yousif Nijim, Youssef Awni, Amin Adawi, Abdalla Bowirrat
Donohue syndrome ([DS]; leprechaunism) describes a genetic autosomal recessive disorder that results from the presence of homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the insulin receptor gene (INSR; 19p13.3-p13.2).Donohue syndrome is associated with a fatal congenital form of dwarfism with features of intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, exaggerated hyperglycemia with hyperinsulinism and dysmorphic abnormalities.We present a case of DS owing to the rarity of this syndrome (1 case in every million births)...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
B O Olusanya, F B Osibanjo, C A Mabogunje, T M Slusher, S A Olowe
Neonatal jaundice is a leading cause of hospitalization in the first week of life worldwide. If inappropriately managed, it may result in significant bilirubin-induced mortality and disability. We set out to describe the epidemiology of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia as well as the practices and challenges in the care of infants with significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SNH) in Nigeria, as basis for policy intervention and research priorities. We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, WHO Library Database, African Index Medicus, African Journals Online, and local journals for studies published between January 1960 and December 2014...
January 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
W Nakanga, P Patel, S Panjwani, N Kennedy, K Kawaza
INTRODUCTION: Jaundice is the yellowish pigmentation of the skin, sclera, and mucous membranes resulting from bilirubin deposition. Children born to mothers with HIV are more likely to be born premature, with low birth weight, and to become septic-all risk factors for neonatal jaundice. Further, there has been a change in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV guidelines from single-dose nevirapine to a six-week course, all of which theoretically put HIV-exposed newborns at greater risk of developing neonatal jaundice...
September 2015: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Kjersti S Bakken, Ola H Skjeldal, Babill Stray-Pedersen
This population-based study compares obstetric outcomes of first- and second-generation Pakistani immigrants and ethnic Norwegians who gave birth at the low-risk maternity ward in Baerum Hospital in Norway from 2006 to 2013. We hypothesized that second-generation Pakistani immigrants are more similar to the ethnic Norwegians because of increased acculturation. Outcome measures were labor onset, epidural analgesia, labor dystocia, episiotomy, vaginal/operative delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, birth weight, transfer to a neonatal intensive care unit, and neonatal jaundice...
February 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
A N Schildroth
Although the incidence of medical and neurological problems resulting from congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is relatively low, the widespread and indiscriminate nature of this infection and the severity of these conditions when they do occur are such that it warrants the close attention of medical specialists, audiologists, and educators. The identification of congenital CMV is especially difficult because of its largely nonsymptomatic character, and because conditions associated with it, including hearing impairment, can be either progressive in nature or occur only later in life...
July 1, 1994: American Journal of Audiology
Vishal Kapoor, Rebecca Glover, Manoj N Malviya
BACKGROUND: The pure soybean oil based lipid emulsions (S-LE) conventionally used for parenteral nutrition (PN) in preterm infants have high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content. The newer lipid emulsions (LE) from alternative lipid sources with reduced PUFA content may improve clinical outcomes in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of the newer alternative LE compared with the conventional S-LE for PN in preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group (CNRG) to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; Issue 7), MEDLINE (1946 to 31 July 2015), EMBASE (1947 to 31 July 2015), CINAHL (1982 to 31 July 2015), Web of Science (31 July 2015), conference proceedings, trial registries (clinicaltrials...
December 2, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Camilla Lavagno, Pietro Camozzi, Samuele Renzi, Sebastiano A G Lava, Giacomo D Simonetti, Mario G Bianchetti, Gregorio P Milani
There are increasing reports on hypernatremia, a potentially devastating condition, in exclusively breastfed newborn infants. Our purposes were to describe the clinical features of the condition and identify the risk factors for it. We performed a review of the existing literature in the National Library of Medicine database and in the search engine Google Scholar. A total of 115 reports were included in the final analysis. Breastfeeding-associated neonatal hypernatremia was recognized in infants who were ≤ 21 days of age and had ≥ 10% weight loss of birth weight...
February 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
T Parveen, F Begum, N Akhter
Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. Amongst hepatitis E bears a deadly combination with pregnancy, leading to loss of very young lives. There is almost no data available in this aspect documenting prevalence, profile and effect of jaundice on outcome of pregnancy in Bangladesh. This observational study was done to determine and analyze the frequency, cause and outcome of jaundice in pregnancy among the admitted patients in the feto-maternal medicine wing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, for a 2 years period from August 2009 to July 2011...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Salil S Gadkari, Sucheta R Kulkarni, Rushita R Kamdar, Madan Deshpande
The management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can be challenging in preterm babies with a gestational age <30 weeks, those with very low birth weight and multiple risk factors (eg., oxygen therapy for respiratory distress, sepsis, neonatal jaundice). A premature infant presented with "hybrid" zone 1 disease in the right eye and aggressive posterior ROP in the left eye. Both eyes were adequately treated with laser photocoagulation; however, the eyes deteriorated and progressed to stage 4 ROP. Both eyes eventually underwent intravitreal bevacizumab followed by lens sparing vitrectomy with good anatomical and visual outcome...
July 2015: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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