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Gabrielle Journo, Guillaume Bataillon, Raphael Benchimol, Asma Bekhouche, Chloe Dratwa, Delphine Sebbag-Sfez, Anne Tardivon, Fabienne Thibault, Catherine Ala-Eddine, Pascal Chérel, Caroline Malhaire
Hyperechogenicity is a sign classically reported to be in favour of a benign lesion and can be observed in many types of benign breast lesions such as hamartoma, lipoma, angiolipoma, haemangioma, haematoma, fat necrosis, fibrosis and galactocele, among others. However, some rare malignant breast lesions can also present a hyperechoic appearance. Most of these hyperechoic malignant lesions present other characteristics that are more typically suggestive of malignancy such as posterior shadowing, a more vertical axis or irregular margins that help to guide the diagnosis...
February 23, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
Mohammad Jaseem Hassan, Monika Sharma, Shaan Khetrapal, Sabina Khan, Sujata Jetley
Crystallizing galactocele is a very rare entity which yields a viscous, chalky material on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC). FNAC is used both for diagnosis as well as treatment of this condition. We present here a case of 26 years old lactating female who presented with swelling in the right breast for 8 months. The swelling was firm, discrete, non-tender and mobile involving the upper inner quadrant of right breast. A diagnosis of benign breast disease, possibly fibroadenoma was made clinically. FNAC of the lesion yielded thick, milky and chalky material...
December 28, 2017: Breast Disease
Mariam Tayae, Jihad Jamor
Galactocele is a rare cystic formation, a benign breast lesion, occurring when breast duct is blocked and engorged. It generally affects postpartum women, either breastfeeding or not. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature and they were not related to lactation, as in the case of postmenopausal women or of men; moreover, their relationship to the overproduction of prolactin, a growth factor stimulating mammary epithelial cells, is not very well defined at this time. We here report the unusual case of a 30-year old patient with no personal history of childbirth or abortion...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Donya Farrokh, Ali Alamdaran, Farhad Yousefi, Bita Abbasi
Galactoceles are the most common benign breast lesions during breastfeeding period that can mimic carcinomas. We report a galactocele with malignant appearance on ultrasound in the accessory breast. The patient was a 32-year-old lactating woman presented to our hospital for considerable swelling in the left axilla. Ultrasound examination revealed a hypoechoic mass with heterogeneous echogenicity and irregular shape and margins. Sonography-guided aspiration was performed. Aspiration of milky fluid and resolution of the axillary lump after aspiration confirmed the diagnosis of galactocele...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Veronica I Alaniz, Myrlene Jeudy, Mark Pearlman, Elisabeth H Quint
BACKGROUND: Galactoceles have been previously described as an unusual cause of benign breast enlargement in male infants and children. CASE: A 3-year-old prepubertal girl presented with a right-sided breast mass and was found to have a 4.4-cm hypoechoic cyst on ultrasound imaging with otherwise normal endocrine studies including prolactin levels. She underwent cyst aspiration which revealed milky fluid. Fat globules were identified with microscopic examination, confirming the diagnosis of a galactocele...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
C T Lau, K K Y Wong, P Tam
Galactocele is a rare breast condition in infants. Here, we report a 16-month-old boy who developed progressive left breast enlargement. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 4 cm cystic lesion at left breast. Hormonal assay showed transient hyperprolactinaemia with no known cause identified. Subsequently, galactocele was confirmed on histopathological examination after complete surgical excision. No recurrence was observed on regular follow-up.
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Robert E Chapin, Douglas J Ball, Zaher A Radi, Steven W Kumpf, Petra H Koza-Taylor, David M Potter, W Mark Vogel
Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Tofacitinib preferentially inhibits receptor signaling through JAK3 and JAK1, relative to JAK2. In the 2-year rat carcinogenicity study, there were tofacitinib, dose-related increases in the incidences of testicular Leydig cell hyperplasia and benign adenomas in male rats, and decreased incidences of mammary tumors and duct dilatation/galactocele in female rats. Such findings in rats are typical of agents, such as dopamine agonists, which decrease prolactin (PRL) activity...
January 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Archana Shetty, Aparna Narasimha, V J Jayalakshmi
The physiological changes of the breast during pregnancy and lactation make the clinical, radiological and pathological evaluation of a breast mass challenging. Galactoceles are benign lesions containing milk, and generally occur post partum. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a simple, quick and effective technique for the diagnosis of the same during this period, and in case of galactocele the same can be both diagnostic and therapeutic.Although the cytological features of galactocele are straight forward, a few rare interesting variations can be encountered posing a diagnostic challenge to the reporting cytopathologist...
July 28, 2016: Breast Disease
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000648.].
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Rodrigo G Rosique, Marina J F Rosique, João Pedro Peretti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Lilian Soares Couto, Leonard M Glassman, Deidimar Cassia Batista Abreu, Juliana Fracalossi Paes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Breast Journal
Xin-yi Wang, Li-gang Cui, Ling Huo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidences of hyperechoic breast lesions and hyperechoic breast cancers in lesions categorized as Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 and 5 on ultrasound and investigate their sonographic features and the underlying histological causes. METHODS: The pathologic records for 848 sonographically guided core needle biopsies or surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed from June 2012 to March 2014. Hyperechoic lesions were identified and their sonographic features were evaluated...
October 2015: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
G Canlorbe, S Bendifallah
OBJECTIVES: To provide guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF), based on the best evidence available, concerning rare benign breast tumors: Abrikossoff (granular cell tumor), erosive adenomatosis of the nipple, cytosteatonecrosis, fibromatosis (desmoid tumor), galactocele, hamartoma, hemangioma, lipoma, juvenile papillomatosis, pseudoangiomatous hyperplasia, and syringomatous adenoma. METHODS: Bibliographical search in French and English languages by consultation of Pubmed, Cochrane and international databases...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
A Langer, M Mohallem, H Berment, F Ferreira, A Gog, D Khalifa, I Nekka, P Chérel
Breast lumps detected during pregnancy are generally benign and reflect fibroadenoma, lactating adenoma, cysts, infarction of the breast or galactocele. Although rare, the possibility of breast cancer must also be considered to avoid any delays in diagnosis. After patient questioning and clinical examination, the first imaging modality to use is ultrasound. No further assessment is called for if lesions are categorized as BI-RADS 2 and no suspicious clinical signs are observed. Depending on the clinical setting, lesions classified BI-RADS 3 require monitoring and mammographic assessment (which can be helpful in diagnosing cancer and incurs no risk to the embryo or fetus)...
October 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Filipe V Basile, Antonio Roberto Basile
BACKGROUND: A known but not fully understood complication of breast augmentation is galactorrhea. To date, all publications on this subject have been case reports. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine a large group of consecutive patients who had undergone breast augmentation and identify the incidence of galactorrhea and galactocele, and the associated preoperative and intraoperative risk factors. The authors also evaluated the treatment algorithm used. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent primary breast augmentation using silicone implants in a single group practice from 2008 to 2013...
May 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Kathryn Faguy
The breast undergoes extensive changes during pregnancy and lactation that can create diagnostic challenges. This article reviews the anatomy of the breast, breast changes associated with pregnancy and lactation, and breast imaging techniques for pregnant and lactating women. Various benign breast conditions in this patient population also are discussed, such as lactating adenomas, galactoceles, and granulomatous mastitis. Finally, pregnancy-associated breast cancer is presented, including its epidemiology, diagnosis, staging, treatment, and prognosis...
March 2015: Radiologic Technology
Aleksandar Vlahović, Slaviša M Djuricić, Sladjana Todorović
INTRODUCTION: Galactocele, generally occuring in young women during or after lactation, is an extremely rare cause of breast enlargement in infants and children of exclusively male gender. Only 26 cases have been published so far, including two our cases. CASE REPORT: We described unilateral, cystic, breast enlargement, without any endocrinologic and other abnormalities in a 29-month-old boy. A typical clinical and histopathologic presentation of galactocele was followed with a complete excision...
February 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
J Bouhassira, K Haddad, B Burin des Roziers, J Achouche, S Cartier
The occurrence of lactation is a rare complication of breast plastic surgery. During the course of his practice, the plastic surgeon will probably encounter this complication. The goal of this article is to carry out a literature review of all published galactorrhea and/or galactocele cases following a breast-reduction or a breast-augmentation, representing a total of 34 cases reported in 21 articles. The physiopathology of this complication is linked to an inappropriate secretion of prolactin in a surgical context...
February 2015: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Phoebe E Freer, Jessica L Wang, Elizabeth A Rafferty
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is rapidly emerging as an important clinical tool for both screening and diagnosis. DBT improves upon mammography by depicting breast tissue on a dynamic sequence of cross-sectional images reconstructed in planes corresponding to their mammographic planes of acquisition. DBT results in markedly reduced summation of overlapping tissue and depicts the margins of masses in far greater detail than mammography. Fat is commonly recognized in both benign and malignant breast masses at DBT, even when no fat is appreciated at mammography...
March 2014: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
J E Luhan
A case report is presented of the development of giant galactoceles 1 month after bilateral augmentation mammoplasty, abdominoplasty, and tubal ligation.
December 1979: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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