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Verena C Obmann, Majid Chalian, Bahar Mansoori, Edmund Sanchez, Vikas Gulani
Splenic artery steal syndrome (SASS) is a severe complication affecting up to 10% of orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) patients. In this case report, we present a 35-year-old male with OLT secondary to liver failure due to hemochromatosis, who developed SASS. We describe potential application of different imaging techniques for diagnosis of SASS with focus on the value of time-resolved contrast enhanced 4D magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).
March 7, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Bahare Salehi, Hossein Goudarzi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Hamidreza Houri, Mostafa Alavi-Moghaddam, Zohreh Ghalavand
RATIONALE: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the antibiotic-resistant superbugs that threatens hospitalized patients. Emergence and spread of the multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) clones cause erratic outbreaks following environmental contamination of hospital settings. OBJECTIVE: The present study intended to characterize the antimicrobial resistant profiles and the genotypes of clinical and environmental isolates of A. baumannii as a result of dissemination of resistant strains...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Rasoul Khosravi, Bahare Dehdashti, Esmail Ghahramani, Fariborz Omidi, Abolfazl Adli, Mohammad Miri
A high concentration of chromium (VI) in groundwater can threaten the health of consumers. In this study, the concentration of chromium (VI) in 18 drinking water wells in Birjand, Iran, s was investigated over a period of two yearsNon-carcinogenic risk assessment, sensitivity, and uncertainty analysis as well as the most important variables in determining the non-carcinogenic risk for three age groups including children, teens, and adults, were performed using the Monte Carlo simulations technique. The northern and southern regions of the study area had the highest and lowest chromium concentrations, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Bahar Bilgen, Chathuraka T Jayasuriya, Brett D Owens
The meniscus is the most commonly injured structure in the human knee. Meniscus deficiency has been shown to lead to advanced osteoarthritis (OA) due to abnormal mechanical forces, and replacement strategies for this structure have lagged behind other tissue engineering endeavors. The challenges include the complex 3D structure with individualized size parameters, the significant compressive, tensile and shear loads encountered, and the poor blood supply. In this progress report, a review of the current clinical treatments for different types of meniscal injury is provided...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Assaf Gershoni, Michael Mimouni, Eitan Livny, Irit Bahar
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the outcomes of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (Trans-PRK) and Femtosecond Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (Z-LASIK) for the correction of high myopia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used. The study group included 792 eyes with high-grade myopia (- 6.0 diopters or higher) or high-grade myopia with astigmatism that were treated with Z-LASIK or Trans-PRK in 2013 through 2014 in an optical outpatient clinic of a large private medical service...
March 12, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Bahar Gürlek Demirci, Siren Sezer, Saliha Uyanık Yıldırım, Meltem Kaynar Erdoğan, Emre Tutal, Özlem Özdemir, Gani Orazbayev, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Increased circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor 23, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and endostatin are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Here, we evaluated correlations among these parameters and graft dysfunction and their relation with arterial stiffness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 73 maintenance kidney transplant patients with stable allograft function who had received the transplant at least 36 months previously...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Bahar Gürlek Demirci, Siren Sezer, Emre Tutal, Turan Çolak, Saliha Uyanık, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: In kidney transplant recipients, reduced muscle mass and hand-grip strength are associated with impaired nutritional status. Serum testosterone is highly associated with muscle strength in the general population. Here, we aimed to determine the associations among serum testosterone, hand-grip strength, and nutritional and inflammatory parameters, as well as graft function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 144 stable male kidney transplant recipients from our renal transplant outpatient clinic...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Mehmet Demirci, Suat Saribas, Nigar Ozer, Sezer Toprak, Emel Caglar, Gonenc Ortakoylu, Pelin Yuksel, Gulsel Ayaz, Hrisi Bahar Tokman, Omer Uysal, Harika Oyku Dinc, Tevhide Ziver, Bekir Kocazeybek
BACKGROUND: Several nucleic acid amplification techniques (IS6110, 16S rRNA, and 85B mRNA) were developed for the rapid, direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of 85B mRNA-based RT-qPCR by comparing with the real-time PCR COBAS TaqMan MTB Kit while using the BACTEC MGIT 960 method as the gold standard. METHODS: 60 patients with confirmed pulmonary TB and 60 individuals without TB were included as the study and control groups, respectively...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Bahar Güntekin, Lütfü Hanoğlu, Dilan Güner, Nesrin H Yılmaz, Fadime Çadırcı, Nagihan Mantar, Tuba Aktürk, Derya D Emek-Savaş, Fahriye F Özer, Görsev Yener, Erol Başar
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Mild Cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia may come along with the disease. New indicators are necessary for detecting patients that are likely to develop dementia. Electroencephalogram (EEG) Delta responses are one of the essential electrophysiological indicators that could show the cognitive decline. Many research in literature showed an increase of delta responses with the increased cognitive load...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Berna Solak, Bahar Sevimli Dikicier, Nur Cihan Cosansu, Teoman Erdem
Introduction: There are a few studies showing an increased risk of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and oxidative stress in patients with vitiligo. Aim: To investigate whether systemic inflammation is increased in vitiligo patients in a case-control study design. Material and methods: Nonsegmental vitiligo patients who had been followed at the outpatient dermatology clinic of a university-affiliated teaching hospital, and healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
William I A Haynes, Anne-Hélène Clair, Sara Fernandez-Vidal, Bahar Gholipour, Margot Morgiève, Luc Mallet
BACKGROUND: Current neurocognitive models suppose dysfunctions of associative and limbic cortico-basal ganglia circuits to be at the core of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). As little is known about the state of underlying anatomical connections, we investigated whether these connections were reduced and/or not properly organised in OCD patients compared to control. METHODS: Diffusion magnetic resonance images were obtained in 37 OCD patients with predominant checking symptoms and 37 matched healthy controls...
March 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Diğdem Müge Siyez, Seçil Seymenler, Erol Esen, Ender Siyez, Yelda Kağnıcı, Bahar Baran, Barışcan Öztürk
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of university students about infertility and investigate the differences in knowledge levels according to sociodemographic variables and some lifestyle factors. Material and methods: The sample of the study consisted of 9693 undergraduate students (5002 females, 4691 males) from 12 regions. Regions were determined according to Statistical Region Units Classification-1 criteria. Infertility Knowledge Test (IKT) was used as a data collection tool...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Karolina Mikulska-Ruminska, Andrej J Kulik, Carine Benadiba, Ivet Bahar, Giovanni Dietler, Wieslaw Nowak
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mehrzad Kiani, Mahmoud Abbasi, Mehdi Ahmadi, Bahare Salehi
Organ transplantation is a new issue in medical science. It is an important achievement and a sign of the progression and ability of medical centers around the world. Governments, populations, the medical community and people involved in culture, art, and media all have a decisive role in the culture of organ donation, which is the only way to guarantee that the healthy organs of a brain-dead person can continue to work and save the lives of people in need of organ transplantation. The brain death phenomenon and its possible application in organ transplantation, while offering new hope for the salvation of a number of patients, has led to many ethical, cultural, and legal issues...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Pınar Yılmazbaş, Gülbin Gökçay, Tijen Eren, Esra Karapınar, Bahar Kural
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The measurement of head circumference provides a valuable anthropometric data for a child's gro- wth during well child visits. There are few studies on the characteristics of macrocephaly(MC) cases diagnosed during well child visits. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of children with MC diagnosed during the well-child visits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive clinical study was carried out in the well child unit of a medical faculty hospital...
March 2, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Bahar Yavuztürk Gül, Derya Yüksel Imer, Pyung-Kyu Park, Ismail Koyuncu
The effects of a newly isolated quorum quenching (QQ) bacteria (Bacillus sp. T5) on the microbial community has been evaluated via the Illumina sequencing method. Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) operated with this novel QQ bacterium to evaluate the improvement in the performance of MBR. Anti-biofouling effect of T5 was enhanced as 71% compared to the control reactor. Also, QQ bacteria did not have any negative effect on the removal of organics during the process. Gram-negative bacteria were found to be dominant over Gram-positive bacteria...
February 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Nima Moghaddam, Bahar Moghaddam, Natasha Dehghan, Nathan W Brunner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Emel Uzunoglu-Özyürek, Hakan Karaaslan, Sevinç Aktemur Türker, Bahar Özçelik
Objectives: To determine the effect of size and insertion depth of irrigation needle on the amount of apical extruded debris and the amount of penetration depth of sealer using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Materials and Methods: Twenty maxillary premolars were assigned to 2 groups ( n = 10), according to the size of needle tip, 28 G or 30 G. Buccal roots of samples were irrigated with respective needle type inserted 1 mm short of the working length (WL), while palatal roots were irrigated with respective needle type inserted 3 mm short of the WL...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Carisa M Cooney, Kevin Frick, Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Amir H Dorafshar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Christian Wöber, Çiçek Wöber-Bingöl, Derya Uluduz, Tuna Stefan Aslan, Uğur Uygunoglu, Ahmet Tüfekçi, Selen Ilhan Alp, Taşkın Duman, Fidan Sürgün, Gülser Karadaban Emir, Caner Feyzi Demir, Ferhat Balgetir, Yeliz Bahar Özdemir, Tanja Auer, Aksel Siva, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache is a leading disabler in adults worldwide. In children and adolescents, the same may be true but the evidence is much poorer. It is notable that published epidemiological studies of these age groups have largely ignored headaches not fulfilling any specific set of ICHD criteria, although such headaches appear to be common. A new approach to these is needed: here we introduce, and investigate, a diagnostic category termed "undifferentiated headache" (UdH), defined in young people as recurrent mild-intensity headache of < 1 h's duration...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
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