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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909597/lithium-intoxication-accompanied-by-hyponatremia
#1
Özlem Korkmaz Dilmen, İsmail Hacı, Alim Ekinci, Mois Bahar
Lithium is frequently used in the management of bipolar affective disorders. It has a narrow therapeutic index and can cause acute or chronic intoxication. Toxic symptoms may be present even when concentrations are within the recommended therapeutic range. We believe that lithium intoxication is a very important issue for a physician. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the pathophysiological view of two chronic lithium intoxication cases accompanied by hyponatremia.
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906853/surgical-management-of-dysphagia-due-to-anterior-cervical-osteophytes
#2
Ömer Erdur, Hamdi Taşli, Bahtiyar Polat, Fuad Sofiyev, Fuat Tosun, Bahar Çolpan, Hakan Birkent, Kayhan Öztürk
PURPOSE: The present study was performed to share personal experiences and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of anterior cervical osteophytes surgical procedures. METHODS: The operative records of anterior cervical osteophytes patients who did not benefit from conventional treatments and underwent osteophytectomy were analyzed retrospectively. Transoral and transcervical anterolateral methods were applied, considering both the localization of the osteophyte and the patient's preference...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905490/inter-laboratory-evolution-of-a-model-organism-and-its-epistatic-effects-on-mutagenesis-screens
#3
Michael D Bradley, Devin Neu, Fatmagul Bahar, Roy D Welch
In theory, a few naturally occurring evolutionary changes in the genome of a model organism may have little or no observable impact on its wild type phenotype, and yet still substantially impact the phenotypes of mutant strains through epistasis. To see if this is happening in a model organism, we obtained nine different laboratories' wild type Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 "sublines" and sequenced each to determine if they had evolved after their physical separation. Under a common garden experiment, each subline satisfied the phenotypic prerequisites for wild type, but many differed to a significant degree in each of the four quantitative phenotypic traits we measured, with some sublines differing by several-fold...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904548/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-in-high-risk-women-results-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Shole Shahgheibi, Fariba Farhadifar, Bahar Pouya
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnancy, leading to increase in the frequency of preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, neonatal bacterial vaginosis, and gestational diabetes. The current study was designed and implemented to investigate the effect of vitamin D during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women who are at high risk [history of GDM, birth macrosomia, family history, and high body mass index (BMI)]...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902980/gene-expression-profiling-and-functional-characterization-of-macrophages-in-response-to-circulatory-microparticles-produced-during-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-and-chagas-disease
#5
Imran H Chowdhury, Sue-Jie Koo, Shivali Gupta, Lisa Yi Liang, Bojlul Bahar, Laura Silla, Julio Nuñez-Burgos, Natalia Barrientos, Maria Paola Zago, Nisha Jain Garg
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are hallmarks of chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM). In this study, we determined if microparticles (MPs) generated during Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection carry the host's signature of the inflammatory/oxidative state and provide information regarding the progression of clinical disease. METHODS: MPs were harvested from supernatants of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro incubated with Tc (control: LPS treated), plasma of seropositive humans with a clinically asymptomatic (CA) or symptomatic (CS) disease state (vs...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894735/the-new-trend-in-medicine
#6
EDITORIAL
Bahar Bastani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894665/modulatory-effects-of-curcumin-on-apoptosis-and-cytotoxicity-related-molecules-in-htlv-1-associated-myelopathy-tropical-spastic-paraparesis-ham-tsp-patients
#7
Asadollah Mohammadi, Bahare Fazeli, Marzieh Taheri, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Zohreh Poursina, Vida Vakili, Shadi Zamanian Yazdi, Zahra Keramati, Reza Boostani, Ian Hampson, Houshang Rafatpanah
HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic viral neuroinflammatory disease. Apoptosis might play an important role in the control of HTLV-1 viral infection. This study aims to determine if apoptosis process being able to occasionally distinguish between asymptomatic carriers (ACs) and HAM/TSP patients. Therefore, it could be used to predict the outcome of HTLV-1 infection. The mRNA expression of perforin, granzyme A, granzyme B, granulysin, Fas-Ligand (FasL), TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), total Fas and membrane Fas in 21 HAM/TSP patients, 21 ACs and 21 healthy controls (HCs) was quantified...
November 25, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893628/watershed-areas-in-face-transplantation
#8
Bahar Bassiri Gharb, Russell S Frautschi, Brianna C Halasa, Gaby D Doumit, Risal S Djohan, Steven L Bernard, Brian R Gastman, Maria Z Siemionow, Francis A Papay, Antonio Rampazzo
BACKGROUND: Maxillary artery has traditionally been considered the main blood supply of the facial skeleton. However, the deep and concealed location makes the harvest of facial allografts based on this artery challenging, giving preference to the facial artery. There is growing evidence that the junction between the hard and soft palate may represent a watershed area in facial artery based allografts. The aim of this study was to review the occurrence of partial allograft necrosis and modify the available craniofacial techniques allowing for a reliable harvest of maxillary artery based facial allografts...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888296/toll-like-receptor-2-is-increased-in-neurons-in-parkinson-s-disease-brain-and-may-contribute-to-alpha-synuclein-pathology
#9
Nicolas Dzamko, Amanda Gysbers, Gayathri Perera, Anita Bahar, Amrita Shankar, Jianqun Gao, YuHong Fu, Glenda M Halliday
Inflammation is likely a key contributor to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressively debilitating neurodegenerative disease that is accompanied by a pathological accumulation of the α-synuclein protein in a staged manner through the brain. What leads to the accumulation of α-synuclein in PD and how this relates to inflammatory pathways, however, is not entirely clear. Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling is a major pathway mediating inflammation and, in particular, TLR2 is increasingly being implicated in PD...
November 25, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879659/innovative-alternative-technologies-to-extract-carotenoids-from-microalgae-and-seaweeds
#10
REVIEW
Mahesha M Poojary, Francisco J Barba, Bahar Aliakbarian, Francesco Donsì, Gianpiero Pataro, Daniel A Dias, Pablo Juliano
Marine microalgae and seaweeds (microalgae) represent a sustainable source of various bioactive natural carotenoids, including β-carotene, lutein, astaxanthin, zeaxanthin, violaxanthin and fucoxanthin. Recently, the large-scale production of carotenoids from algal sources has gained significant interest with respect to commercial and industrial applications for health, nutrition, and cosmetic applications. Although conventional processing technologies, based on solvent extraction, offer a simple approach to isolating carotenoids, they suffer several, inherent limitations, including low efficiency (extraction yield), selectivity (purity), high solvent consumption, and long treatment times, which have led to advancements in the search for innovative extraction technologies...
November 22, 2016: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872734/allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-adult-patients-with-fanconi-anemia
#11
Hosein Kamranzadeh Fumani, Mohammad Zokaasadi, Amir Kasaeian, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Asadollah Mousavi, Babak Bahar, Mohammad Vaezi, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder caused by an impaired DNA repair mechanism which leads to an increased tendency toward malignancies and progressive bone marrow failure. The only curative management available for hematologic abnormalities in FA patients is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study aimed to report the results of HSCT in adult or adolescent FA patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty FA patients with ages of 16 or more who underwent HSCT between 2002 and 2015 enrolled in this study...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871912/the-modulation-of-delta-responses-in-the-interaction-of-brightness-and-emotion
#12
Pınar Kurt, Kübra Eroğlu, Tubanur Bayram Kuzgun, Bahar Güntekin
The modulation of delta oscillations (0.5-3.5Hz) by emotional stimuli is reported. Physical attributes such as color, brightness and spatial frequency of emotional visual stimuli have crucial effect on the perception of complex scene. Brightness is intimately related with emotional valence. Here we explored the effect of brightness on delta oscillatory responses upon presentation of pleasant, unpleasant and neutral pictures. We found that bright unpleasant pictures elicited lower amplitude of delta response than original unpleasant pictures...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870949/green-synthesis-of-pd-nanoparticles-at-apricot-kernel-shell-substrate-using-salvia-hydrangea-extract-catalytic-activity-for-reduction-of-organic-dyes
#13
Bahar Khodadadi, Maryam Bordbar, Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
For the first time the extract of the plant of Salvia hydrangea was used to green synthesis of Pd nanoparticles (NPs) supported on Apricot kernel shell as an environmentally benign support. The Pd NPs/Apricot kernel shell as an effective catalyst was prepared through reduction of Pd(2+) ions using Salvia hydrangea extract as the reducing and capping agent and Pd NPs immobilization on Apricot kernel shell surface in the absence of any stabilizer or surfactant. According to FT-IR analysis, the hydroxyl groups of phenolics in Salvia hydrangea extract as bioreductant agents are directly responsible for the reduction of Pd(2+) ions and formation of Pd NPs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859952/strong-thermal-acclimation-of-photosynthesis-in-tropical-and-temperate-wet-forest-tree-species-the-importance-of-altered-rubisco-content
#14
Andrew P Scafaro, Shuang Xiang, Benedict M Long, Nur H A Bahar, Lasantha K Weerasinghe, Danielle Creek, John R Evans, Peter B Reich, Owen K Atkin
Understanding of the extent of acclimation of light-saturated net photosynthesis (An ) to temperature (T), and associated underlying mechanisms, remains limited. This is a key knowledge gap given the importance of thermal acclimation for plant functioning, both under current and future higher temperatures, limiting the accuracy and realism of Earth System Model (ESM) predictions. Given this, we analysed and modelled T-dependent changes in photosynthetic capacity in 10 wet-forest tree species; six from temperate forests and four from tropical forests...
November 16, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855165/efficient-and-stable-routing-algorithm-based-on-user-mobility-and-node-density-in-urban-vehicular-network
#15
Yusor Rafid Bahar Al-Mayouf, Mahamod Ismail, Nor Fadzilah Abdullah, Ainuddin Wahid Abdul Wahab, Omar Adil Mahdi, Suleman Khan, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are considered an emerging technology in the industrial and educational fields. This technology is essential in the deployment of the intelligent transportation system, which is targeted to improve safety and efficiency of traffic. The implementation of VANETs can be effectively executed by transmitting data among vehicles with the use of multiple hops. However, the intrinsic characteristics of VANETs, such as its dynamic network topology and intermittent connectivity, limit data delivery...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843125/recessive-mutations-in-acpt-encoding-testicular-acid-phosphatase-cause-hypoplastic-amelogenesis-imperfecta
#16
Figen Seymen, Youn Jung Kim, Ye Ji Lee, Jenny Kang, Tak-Heun Kim, Hwajung Choi, Mine Koruyucu, Yelda Kasimoglu, Elif Bahar Tuna, Koray Gencay, Teo Jeon Shin, Hong-Keun Hyun, Young-Jae Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Zang Hee Lee, Hong Zhang, Jan C-C Hu, James P Simmer, Eui-Sic Cho, Jung-Wook Kim
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders affecting tooth enamel. The affected enamel can be hypoplastic and/or hypomineralized. In this study, we identified ACPT (testicular acid phosphatase) biallelic mutations causing non-syndromic, generalized hypoplastic autosomal-recessive amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) in individuals from six apparently unrelated Turkish families. Families 1, 4, and 5 were affected by the homozygous ACPT mutation c.713C>T (p.Ser238Leu), family 2 by the homozygous ACPT mutation c...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836982/improving-adherence-to-smoking-cessation-treatment-intervention-effects-in-a-web-based-randomized-trial
#17
Amanda L Graham, George D Papandonatos, Sarah Cha, Bahar Erar, Michael S Amato, Nathan K Cobb, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Web-based smoking cessation interventions can deliver evidence-based treatments to a wide swath of the population, but effectiveness is often limited by insufficient adherence to proven treatment components. This study evaluated the impact of a social network (SN) intervention and free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on adherence to evidence-based components of smoking cessation treatment in the context of a Web-based intervention. METHODS: A sample of adult U...
November 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831897/actor-critic-off-policy-learning-for-optimal-control-of-multiple-model-discrete-time-systems
#18
Jan Skach, Bahare Kiumarsi, Frank L Lewis, Ondrej Straka
In this paper, motivated by human neurocognitive experiments, a model-free off-policy reinforcement learning algorithm is developed to solve the optimal tracking control of multiple-model linear discrete-time systems. First, an adaptive self-organizing map neural network is used to determine the system behavior from measured data and to assign a responsibility signal to each of system possible behaviors. A new model is added if a sudden change of system behavior is detected from the measured data and the behavior has not been previously detected...
November 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830877/the-prevalence-and-morphometric-features-of-mastoid-emissary-vein-on-multidedector-computed-tomography
#19
Gulen Demirpolat, Erdogan Bulbul, Bahar Yanık
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence and morphometric features of mastoid emissary vein (MEV) on multidedector computed tomography (MDCT) scans, emphasize its clinical significance and review its surgical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cranial and temporal bone MDCTs of 248 patients (496 sides) were analyzed by two radiologists. Mastoid foramen (MF) was defined on the 3 dimensional volume rendered (3DVR) images. The MF and mastoid emissary canal (MEC) were investigated in axial thin slices and the diameters of the largest MF and MEC were measured...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829830/corrigendum-movement-synchrony-forges-social-bonds-across-group-divides
#20
Bahar Tunçgenç, Emma Cohen
[This corrects the article on p. 782 in vol. 7, PMID: 27303341.].
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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