Read by QxMD icon Read

Sbrt abdomen

Jenny Bertholet, Jakob Toftegaard, Rune Hansen, Esben S Worm, Hanlin Wan, Parag J Parikh, Britta Weber, Morten Høyer, Per R Poulsen
The purpose of this study was to develop, validate and clinically demonstrate fully automatic tumour motion monitoring on a conventional linear accelerator by combined optical and sparse monoscopic imaging with kilovoltage x-rays (COSMIK). COSMIK combines auto-segmentation of implanted fiducial markers in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) projections and intra-treatment kV images with simultaneous streaming of an external motion signal. A pre-treatment CBCT is acquired with simultaneous recording of the motion of an external marker block on the abdomen...
March 8, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Lauren Henke, Rojano Kashani, Clifford Robinson, Austen Curcuru, Todd DeWees, Jeffrey Bradley, Olga Green, Jeff Michalski, Sasa Mutic, Parag Parikh, Jeffrey Olsen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: SBRT is used to treat oligometastatic or unresectable primary abdominal malignancies, although ablative dose delivery is limited by proximity of organs-at-risk (OAR). Stereotactic, magnetic resonance (MR)-guided online-adaptive radiotherapy (SMART) may improve SBRT's therapeutic ratio. This prospective Phase I trial assessed feasibility and potential advantages of SMART to treat abdominal malignancies. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twenty patients with oligometastatic or unresectable primary liver (n = 10) and non-liver (n = 10) abdominal malignancies underwent SMART...
March 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Benjamin W Fischer-Valuck, Lauren Henke, Olga Green, Rojano Kashani, Sahaja Acharya, Jeffrey D Bradley, Clifford G Robinson, Maria Thomas, Imran Zoberi, Wade Thorstad, Hiram Gay, Jiayi Huang, Michael Roach, Vivian Rodriguez, Lakshmi Santanam, Harold Li, Hua Li, Jessika Contreras, Thomas Mazur, Dennis Hallahan, Jeffrey R Olsen, Parag Parikh, Sasa Mutic, Jeff Michalski
Purpose: Magnetic resonance image guided radiation therapy (MR-IGRT) has been used at our institution since 2014. We report on more than 2 years of clinical experience in treating patients with the world's first MR-IGRT system. Methods and materials: A clinical service was opened for MR-IGRT in January 2014 with an MR-IGRT system consisting of a split 0.35T magnetic resonance scanner that straddles a ring gantry with 3 multileaf collimator-equipped60 Co heads. The service was expanded to include online adaptive radiation therapy (ART) MR-IGRT and cine gating after 6 and 9 months, respectively...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
Erqi L Pollom, Alexander L Chin, Maximilian Diehn, Billy W Loo, Daniel T Chang
Although stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy has become an established standard of care for the treatment of a variety of malignancies, our understanding of normal tissue dose tolerance with extreme hypofractionation remains immature. Since Timmerman initially proposed normal tissue dose constraints for SBRT in the 2008 issue of Seminars of Radiation Oncology, experience with SBRT has grown, and more long-term clinical outcome data have been reported. This article reviews the modern toxicity literature and provides updated clinically practical and useful recommendations of SBRT dose constraints for extracranial sites...
July 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
Edward D Brandner, Indrin J Chetty, Tawfik G Giaddui, Ying Xiao, M Saiful Huq
The efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been well demonstrated. However, it presents unique challenges for accurate planning and delivery especially in the lungs and upper abdomen where respiratory motion can be significantly confounding accurate targeting and avoidance of normal tissues. In this paper, we review the current literature on SBRT for lung and upper abdominal tumors with particular emphasis on addressing respiratory motion and its affects. We provide recommendations on strategies to manage motion for different, patient-specific situations...
June 2017: Medical Physics
Jeremy S Bredfeldt, Lianli Liu, Mary Feng, Yue Cao, James M Balter
A technique for generating MRI-derived synthetic CT volumes (MRCTs) is demonstrated in support of adaptive liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Under IRB approval, 16 subjects with hepatocellular carcinoma were scanned using a single MR pulse sequence (T1 Dixon). Air-containing voxels were identified by intensity thresholding on T1-weighted, water and fat images. The envelope of the anterior vertebral bodies was segmented from the fat image and fuzzy-C-means (FCM) was used to classify each non-air voxel as mid-density, lower-density, bone, or marrow in the abdomen, with only bone and marrow classified within the vertebral body envelope...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Bonnie Chinsky, Rakesh Patel, Joshua Panfil, Murat Surucu, John C Roeske
The purpose of this study was to survey current departmental policies on treatment couch overrides and the values of table tolerances used clinically. A 25-question electronic survey on couch overrides and tolerances was sent to full members of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). The first part of the survey asked participants if table overrides were allowed at their institution, who was allowed to perform these overrides, and if imaging was required with overrides. The second part of the survey asked individuals to provide table tolerance data for the following treatment sites: brain/head and neck (H&N), lung, breast, abdomen/pelvis and prostate...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
J S Bredfeldt, L Liu, M Feng, Y Cao, J Balter
PURPOSE: To demonstrate and validate a technique for generating MRI-derived synthetic CT volumes (MRCTs) in support of adaptive liver SBRT. METHODS: Under IRB approval, ten hepatocellular carcinoma patients were scanned using a single MR sequence (T1 Dixon-VIBE), yielding inherently-registered water, fat, and T1-weighted images. Air-containing voxels were identified by intensity thresholding. The envelope of the anterior vertebral bodies was segmented from the fat image by fitting a shape model to vertebral body candidate voxels, then using level sets to expand the contour outward...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Lauren Henke, Rojano Kashani, Deshan Yang, Tianyu Zhao, Olga Green, Lindsey Olsen, Vivian Rodriguez, H Omar Wooten, H Harold Li, Yanle Hu, Jeffrey Bradley, Clifford Robinson, Parag Parikh, Jeff Michalski, Sasa Mutic, Jeffrey R Olsen
PURPOSE: To characterize potential advantages of online-adaptive magnetic resonance (MR)-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to treat oligometastatic disease of the non-liver abdomen and central thorax. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten patients treated with RT for unresectable primary or oligometastatic disease of the non-liver abdomen (n=5) or central thorax (n=5) underwent imaging throughout treatment on a clinical MR image guided RT system. The SBRT plans were created on the basis of tumor/organ at risk (OAR) anatomy at initial computed tomography simulation (PI ), and simulated adaptive plans were created on the basis of observed MR image set tumor/OAR "anatomy of the day" (PA )...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
R Orecchia, A Surgo, M Muto, A Ferrari, G Piperno, M A Gerardi, S Comi, C Garibaldi, D Ciardo, A Bazani, F Golino, F Pansini, C Fodor, P Romanelli, D Maestri, V Scroffi, S Mazza, B A Jereczek-Fossa
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate patient profile, feasibility, and acute toxicity of RadioTherapy (RT) delivered by VERO® in the first 20 months of clinical activity. METHODS: Inclusion criteria: 1) adult patients; 2) limited volume cancer (M0 or oligometastatic); 3) small extracranial lesions; 4) treatment between April 2012 and December 2013 and 5) written informed consent. Two techniques were employed: intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Anand Swaminath, William Chu
The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is steadily rising due to an aging population and more frequent imaging of the abdomen for other medical conditions. While surgery remains the standard of care treatment for localized disease, many patients are unfit due to their advanced age and medical comorbidities. In these patients, an active surveillance strategy or ablative therapies, including radiofrequency/microwave ablation or cryotherapy, can be offered. Such options have limitations particularly with fast growing, or larger tumors...
July 2015: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Marta Scorsetti, Elena Clerici, Piera Navarria, Giuseppe D'Agostino, Lorenzo Piergallini, Fiorenza De Rose, Annamaria Ascolese, Angelo Tozzi, Cristina Iftode, Elisa Villa, Tiziana Comito, Ciro Franzese, Pietro Mancosu, Stefano Tomatis, Luca Cozzi
OBJECTIVE: To report about clinical outcome of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the treatment of oligometastatic disease in elderly patients. METHODS: Patients with 1-4 inoperable metastases were treated with SBRT. Dose prescription ranged from 40 to 75 Gy in 3-8 fractions. SBRT was delivered using the volumetric modulated arc therapy technique with flattening filter-free photon beams. The primary end points were in-field local control (LC) and toxicity...
September 2015: British Journal of Radiology
Kamran A Ahmed, William J Fulp, Anders E Berglund, Sarah E Hoffe, Thomas J Dilling, Steven A Eschrich, Ravi Shridhar, Javier F Torres-Roca
PURPOSE: We previously developed a multigene expression model of tumor radiation sensitivity index (RSI) with clinical validation in multiple independent cohorts (breast, rectal, esophageal, and head and neck patients). The purpose of this study was to assess differences between RSI scores in primary colon cancer and metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients were identified from our institutional review board-approved prospective observational protocol. A total of 704 metastatic and 1362 primary lesions were obtained from a de-identified metadata pool...
July 15, 2015: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Neelam Tyagi, Kai Yang, Di Yan
The purpose of this study was to compare the measurement-derived (3DVH) dose reconstruction method with machine log file-derived dose reconstruction method in patient geometries for VMAT delivery. A total of ten patient plans were selected from a regular fractionation plan to complex SBRT plans. Treatment sites in the lung and abdomen were chosen to explore the effects of tissue heterogeneity on the respective dose reconstruction algorithms. Single- and multiple-arc VMAT plans were generated to achieve the desired target objectives...
2014: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Karthikeyan Nithiyanantham, Ganesh Kadirampatti Mani, Vikraman Subramani, Karrthick Karukkupalayam Palaniappan, Mohanraj Uthiran, Sennniandavar Vellengiri, Sambasivaselli Raju, Sanjay S Supe, Tejinder Kataria
AIM: To study the influence of segment width on plan quality for volumetric modulated arc based stereotactic body radiotherapy. BACKGROUND: The redundancy of modulation for regularly shaped small volume tumors results in creation of many small segments and an increase of monitor units, with a consequent prolongation of treatment and uncertainty in treatment delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases each in lung, abdomen and liver were taken for the study...
September 2014: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Wambaka Ange Mampuya, Yukinori Matsuo, Nami Ueki, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Nobutaka Mukumoto, Akira Nakamura, Yusuke Iizuka, Takahiro Kishi, Takashi Mizowaki, Masahiro Hiraoka
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of abdominal compression (AC) on outcome in patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for primary lung cancer. We retrospectively reviewed data for 47 patients with histologically proven non-small cell lung cancer and lung tumour motion ≥ 8 mm treated with SBRT. Setup error was corrected based on bony structure. The differences in overall survival (OS), local control (LC) and disease-free survival (DFS) were evaluated to compare patients treated with AC (n = 22) and without AC (n = 25)...
September 2014: Journal of Radiation Research
Wensha Yang, Benedick A Fraass, Robert Reznik, Nicholas Nissen, Simon Lo, Laith H Jamil, Kapil Gupta, Howard Sandler, Richard Tuli
PURPOSE: To evaluate use of breath-hold CTs and implanted fiducials for definition of the internal target volume (ITV) margin for upper abdominal stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). To study the statistics of inter- and intra-fractional motion information. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 11 patients treated with SBRT for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) or liver cancer were included in the study. Patients underwent fiducial implantation, free-breathing CT and breath-hold CTs at end inhalation/exhalation...
January 9, 2014: Radiation Oncology
Wambaka Ange Mampuya, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Yukinori Matsuo, Nami Ueki, Yusuke Iizuka, Takahiro Fujimoto, Shinsuke Yano, Hajime Monzen, Takashi Mizowaki, Masahiro Hiraoka
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of abdominal compression on the interfraction variation in tumor position in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a larger series of patients with large tumor motion amplitude. METHODS: Thirty patients with lung tumor motion exceeding 8 mm who underwent SBRT were included in this study. After translational and rotational initial setup error was corrected based on bone anatomy, CBCT images were acquired for each fraction...
September 2013: Medical Physics
Stephanie Lang, Binaya Shrestha, Shaun Graydon, Frederique Cavelaars, Claudia Linsenmeier, Jan Hrbacek, Stephan Klöck, Gabriela Studer, Oliver Riesterer
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical application of flattening filter free (FFF) beams at maximum dose rate for stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with tumors in the lung or abdomen were subjected to SBRT using 6 MV FFF or 10 MV FFF beams. For each patient, three plans were calculated using 6 MV flattened, 6 MV FFF, and 10 MV FFF beams. Treatment times were recorded and analyzed, and tumor displacements were assessed by pre- and post-treatment cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
February 2013: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Filippo Alongi, Antonella Fogliata, Elena Clerici, Pierina Navarria, Angelo Tozzi, Tiziana Comito, Anna Maria Ascolese, Alessandro Clivio, Francesca Lobefalo, Giacomo Reggiori, Luca Cozzi, Pietro Mancosu, Stefano Tomatis, Marta Scorsetti
BACKGROUND: SBRT is a safe and efficient strategy to locally control multiple metastatic sites. While research in the physics domain for Flattening Filter Free Beams (FFF) beams is increasing, there are few clinical data of FFF beams in clinical practice. Here we reported dosimentric and early clinical data of SBRT and FFF delivery in isolated lymph node oligometastatic patients. METHODS: Between October 2010 and March 2012, 34 patients were treated with SBRT for oligometastatic lymph node metastasis on a Varian TrueBeam(TM) treatment machine using Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (RapidArc)...
2012: Radiation Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"