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Sympathetic skin response

Izabela Gosk-Bierska, Maria Misterska-Skóra, Marta Wasilewska, Małgorzata Bilińska, Jerzy Gosk, Rajmund Adamiec, Magdalena Koszewicz
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (SRP) associated with connective tissue diseases (CTD) is not entirely understood. Nervous system dysfunction and microangiopathy are considered to be causes of this pathology. OBJECTIVES: Peripheral and autonomic nervous system function, the stage of microangiopathy, and the relationships between these in patients with SRP were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study, 20 patients with CTD-related SRP and 30 healthy controls were subject to capillaroscopy, standard conduction velocity tests and conduction velocity distribution (CVD) tests in ulnar and peroneal nerves, heart rate variability (HRV), and sympathetic skin response (SSR) tests...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Kenan Kart, Ayse Hanci
Objective This study aimed to compare the effects of remifentanil and dexmedetomidine on awareness during the induction of general anaesthesia. Material and Methods Ninety patients scheduled for elective caesarean section under general anaesthesia were included and randomly divided into three anaesthesia groups: 2 mg/kg propofol (control group); 2 mg/kg propofol and 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine (dexmedetomidine group); and 2 mg/kg propofol and 1 µg/kg remifentanil (remifentanil group). All patients received routine monitoring, and Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes were recorded...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Ashwini Kishan, Nikitha Marakur, Shailaja Moodithaya, Amrit M Mirajkar
BACKGROUND: Menopause-associated estrogen deficiency results in climacteric symptoms like vasomotor, psychological and sleep disturbances that cause a decline in the quality of life. Electrodermal activity (EDA), a psychophysiological measure, reflects sympathetic activity, which provides information associated with individual's emotions, phobias, arousal, cognition and stress. The study compared electrodermal response to auditory stimuli between postmenopausal and perimenopausal women with and without symptoms and also correlated the association of scores of the menopausal transition symptoms with indices of EDA...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Gary J Hodges, Matthew M Mallette, Stephen S Cheung
Whether sympathetic withdrawal or endothelial dilators such as nitric oxide (NO) contributes to cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) events is unclear. We measured blood flow and finger skin temperature (Tfinger ) of the index finger in nine participants during hand immersion in a water bath at 35 °C for 30 min, then at 8 °C for 30 min. Data were binned into 10 s averages for the entire 60 min protocol for laser-Doppler flux (LDF) and Tfinger . At baseline, Tfinger was 35.3 ± 0.2 °C and LDF was 227 ± 28 PU...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
S Y Ha, K M Park, J Park, S E Kim, B I Lee, K J Shin
OBJECTIVE: Neurological progression is a major problem in managing the patients with acute lacunar infarction. The purpose of this was to investigate whether autonomic dysfunction is associated with neurological progression in patients with acute lacunar infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 60 patients with acute lacunar infarction. All enrolled subjects underwent autonomic function tests including the 30° head-up tilt test, Valsalva test, heart rate response to deep breathing, and sympathetic skin response...
February 21, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Martin Marko, Igor Riečanský
Cognitive flexibility emerges from an interplay of multiple cognitive systems, of which lexical-semantic and executive are thought to be the most important. Yet this has not been addressed by previous studies demonstrating that such forms of flexible thought deteriorate under stress. Motivated by these shortcomings, the present study evaluated several candidate mechanisms implied to mediate the impairing effects of stress on flexible thinking. Fifty-seven healthy adults were randomly assigned to psychosocial stress or control condition while assessed for performance on cognitive flexibility, working memory capacity, semantic fluency, and self-reported cognitive interference...
May 2018: Cognition
Gregory W McGarr, Gary J Hodges, Matthew M Mallette, Stephen S Cheung
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury impairs microcirculatory function by reducing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and increasing sympathetic tone. This study non-invasively examined the effects of acute upper limb IR injury on local thermal hyperemia (LTH) in glabrous and non-glabrous finger skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In ten healthy males, LTH was examined twice (~7-10 d apart) for each skin type on the index finger using laser-Doppler flowmetry in a counterbalanced design with either 1) 20 min ischemia, followed by reperfusion (ISCH) or 2) time-matched control (SHAM)...
February 10, 2018: Microvascular Research
Elisabetta Indelicato, Alessandra Fanciulli, Jean Pierre Ndayisaba, Wolfgang Nachbauer, Roberta Granata, Julia Wanschitz, Michaela Wagner, Elke R Gizewski, Werner Poewe, Gregor K Wenning, Sylvia Boesch
PURPOSE: To assess whether autonomic failure belongs to the clinical spectrum of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2), an autosomal dominant genetic disorder showing progressive cerebellar and brainstem dysfunction. METHODS: We evaluated cardiovascular autonomic function in 8 patients with SCA2 and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Other autonomic domains were examined through standardized questionnaires and by testing the skin sympathetic reflex. RESULTS: Patients with SCA2 showed normal responses to cardiovascular autonomic function tests, with the exception of lower baroreflex sensitivity upon standing compared to controls...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Z G Wang, T Z Dong, J Li, G Chen
Objectives: To explore the critical values of temperature perception in various mucosa sites of oral cavity and to draw the perceptive temperature threshold maps in healthy volunteers. To observe the interrelationship between subjective cognitive perception and sympathetic skin response (SSR) under various levels of thermal stimuli. Methods: Forty-two healthy volunteers (recruited from the students of Tianjin Medical University, 16 females and 26 males) were enrolled in the present study. The whole oral mucosa of each subject was divided into multiple partitions according to the mucosa type as well as tooth position...
February 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Dae Jong Oh, Do Hyeong Lee, Eun Young Kim, Woo Jung Kim, Myung Jae Baik
Only few studies addressing the biological background of adjustment disorder (AD) exist. We examined the psychophysiological correlates indicative of autonomic regulation in AD. Heart rate variability (HRV), skin conductance, skin temperature, electromyography, and respiration were measured during serial stress tasks in 33 soldiers with AD and 60 healthy controls (HC). Patients with AD displayed lower relative power of high frequency (rHF) HRV and higher relative power of very low frequency (rVLF) HRV compared with HC at baseline...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Emma Teasdale, Ingrid Muller, Amirah Abdullah Sani, Kim S Thomas, Beth Stuart, Miriam Santer
OBJECTIVES: Vitiligo is a relatively common autoimmune condition causing loss of skin pigment. Around 1 in 100 people in the UK develop vitiligo. It can have a significant impact on quality of life for many of those affected. How people access information and help for vitiligo may influence how they manage such impact. We aimed to explore people's views and experiences of seeking health information and help for vitiligo. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of free-text responses to four open-ended questions in an online survey...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
Fiorella Bianchi, Giovanna M Squintani, M Osio, A Morini, C Bana, G Ardolino, S Barbieri, L Bertolasi, R Caramelli, F Cogiamanian, A Currà, G de Scisciolo, C Foresti, V Frasca, E Frasson, M Inghilleri, L Maderna, L Motti, E Onesti, M C Romano, U Del Carro
Neurophysiological testing of the pelvic floor is recognized as an essential tool to identify pathophysiological mechanisms of pelvic floor disorders, support clinical diagnosis, and aid in therapeutic decisions. Nevertheless, the diagnostic value of these tests in specific neurological diseases of the pelvic floor is not completely clarified. Seeking to fill this gap, the members of the Neurophysiology of the Pelvic Floor Study Group of the Italian Clinical Neurophysiology Society performed a systematic review of the literature to gather available evidence for and against the utility of neurophysiological tests...
October 2017: Functional Neurology
Yoko Nagai, Julia Aram, Matthias Koepp, Louis Lemieux, Marco Mula, Hugo Critchley, Sanjay Sisodiya, Mara Cercignani
BACKGROUND: Thirty-percent of patients with epilepsy are drug-resistant, and might benefit from effective noninvasive therapeutic interventions. Evidence is accumulating on the efficacy of autonomic biofeedback therapy using galvanic skin response (GSR; an index of sympathetic arousal) in treating epileptic seizures. This study aimed to extend previous controlled clinical trials of autonomic biofeedback therapy with a larger homogeneous sample of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. In addition, we used neuroimaging to characterize neural mechanisms of change in seizure frequency following the therapy...
January 2018: EBioMedicine
David J Clark, Sudeshna A Chatterjee, Theresa E McGuirk, Eric C Porges, Emily J Fox, Chitralakshmi K Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Walking adaptability tasks are challenging for people with motor impairments. The construct of perceived challenge is typically measured by self-report assessments, which are susceptible to subjective measurement error. The development of an objective physiologically-based measure of challenge may help to improve the ability to assess this important aspect of mobility function. The objective of this study to investigate the use of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity measured by skin conductance to gauge the physiological stress response to challenging walking adaptability tasks in people post-stroke...
February 2018: Gait & Posture
Otto Muzik, Vaibhav A Diwadkar
To maintain thermal homeostasis, specific thermogenic tissues are under the control of central thermoregulatory networks that regulate the body's response to thermal challenges. One of these mechanisms involves non-shivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), which is activated in cold environments in order to defend the body against physical damage as a result of hypothermia. The objective of our study was to assess the interaction between CNS thermoregulatory pathways and sympathetic innervation in BAT during a cold exposure paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Ting Li, Qiguang Ye, Daozhu Wu, Jun Li, Jingui Yu
BACKGROUND: The sympathetic block of upper limb leading to increased blood flow has important clinical implication in microvascular surgery. However, little is known regarding the relationship between concentration of local anesthetic and blood flow of upper limb. The aim of this dose-response study was to determine the ED50 and ED95 of ropivacaine in blood flow after supraclavicular block (SB). METHODS: Patients undergoing upper limb surgery and supraclavicular block were randomly assigned to receive 30ml ropivacaine in concentrations of 0...
December 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Leila Triki, Hela G Zouari, Rim Kammoun, Firas Kammoun, Ines Kammoun, Kaouthar Masmoudi, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
OBJECTIVES: To reappraise the respective involvement of small- and large-fiber damage in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and to determine the diagnostic sensitivity of autonomic tests compared to conventional nerve conduction study (NCS). METHODS: Thirty-two manual workers complaining of at least unilateral CTS were enrolled. They underwent clinical interview and completed the symptom severity scale of the Boston CTS Questionnaire (sssBCTQ) and the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI)...
December 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Linghui Xu, Wanhong Ding, Lori L Stohl, Xi K Zhou, Shayan Azizi, Ethan Chuang, Jimmy Lam, John A Wagner, Richard D Granstein
Dermal blood vessels and regional lymph nodes are innervated by sympathetic nerves and, under stress, sympathetic nerves release norepinephrine (NE). Exposure of primary murine dermal microvascular endothelial cells (pDMECs) to NE followed by co-culture with Langerhans cells (LCs), responsive CD4+ T cells and antigen resulted in modulation of CD4+ T cell responses. NE-treatment of pDMECs induced increased production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17A while downregulating interferon (IFN)-γ and IL-22 release...
November 21, 2017: Immunology
Seung Hoon Han, Ji Woong Park
The presence of long-standing hyperglycemic conditions has been suggested to lead to many skin problems associated with an impaired skin barrier function. However, the relationship between impaired skin barrier status and altered peripheral nervous system function has not yet been determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the water evaporation rate as a measure of the permeability barrier function of diabetic skin and its relationship to diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) and peripheral autonomic neuropathy (PAN) using well-controlled confounding variables...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuta Toru, Tadashi Kanouchi, Takanori Yokota, Yosuke Yagi, Akira Machida, Takayoshi Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: We studied autonomic disturbance in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson disease with dementia (PDD), Alzheimer disease (AD), to determine whether autonomic function tests can be used to distinguish these disorders. METHODS: Autonomic function was tested in 56 patients with DLB, 37 patients with PDD, and 59 patients with AD by using the sympathetic skin response, coefficient of variation in R-R interval, the head-up tilt test, serum norepinephrine concentration, and 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine cardiac scintigraphy...
November 13, 2017: European Neurology
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