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preoperative risk assesement

Vinícius José da Silva Nina, Maria Iracema de Amorim Rocha, Rayssa Fiterman Rodrigues, Vanessa Carvalho de Oliveira, João Lívio Linhares Teixeira, Eduardo Durans Figueredo, Rachel Vilela de Abreu Haickel Nina, Carlos Antonio Coimbra Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Neurological dysfunction is a feared postoperative morbidity of cardiac surgery, an important cause of death and increased spending in hospitals. Its prediction, however, is still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a preoperative score as a predictor of neurological dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Prospective study that evaluated 77 patients who underwent CABG from February to October 2011...
July 2012: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Fábio Rodrigues Kerbauy, Leonardo Raul Morelli, Cláudia Toledo de Andrade, Luis Fernando Lisboa, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Nelson Hamerschlak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the Pretransplantion Assesment of Mortality risk score is associated to transplant costs and can be used not only to predict mortality but also as a cost management tool. METHODS: We evaluated consecutively patients submitted to allogeneic (n = 27) and autologous (n = 89) hematopoietic stem cell-transplantation from 2004 to 2006 at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (SP), Brazil. Participants mean age at hematopoietic stem cell-transplantation was 42 (range 1 to 72) years; there were 69 males and 47 females; 30 patients had multiple myeloma; 41 had non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin's lymphomas; 22 had acute leukemia; 6 had chronic leukemia; and 17 had non-malignant disease...
January 2012: Einstein
Leire Arbea, Juan A Díaz-González, Jose Carlos Subtil, Josu Sola, Jose Luis Hernandez-Lizoain, Rafael Martínez-Monge, Marta Moreno, Javier Aristu
PURPOSE: The main goals of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) in rectal cancer are to achieve pathological response and to ensure tumor control with functional surgery when possible. Assessment of the concordance between clinical and pathological responses is necessary to make decisions regarding alternative conservative procedures. The present study evaluates the patterns of response after a preoperative CHRT regimen, and the value of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in assessing response...
October 1, 2011: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
N M Popović, A R Karamarković, Z B Blagojević, B V Terzić, V T Nikolić, P B Gregorić, J Djoković, Dj D Bajec
Nonsteroidal antiinflamatory drugs (NSAIDs) lead to satisfactory acute and chronic pain relief. Besides that, they exert potent antiinflamatory effect. Their analgesic potency is dose related and limited. Orthopedic patients are often on these medications preoperatively and experience opioid-sparing effect in the postoperative period. Chronic NSAIDs use is related to higher rate of sistemic adverse effects, but even short time exposure in the postoperative period is not risk-free. Although Coxibs reduce GIT bleeding incidence due to prolonged use of NSAIDs, there has to be judicious decision considering their cardiovascular adverse effects...
2010: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
Yüksel Ozkan, Alpaslan Oztürk, Recai Ozdemir, Serkan Aykut, Nazan Yalçin
BACKGROUND: Freiberg's infraction is an osteochondrosis of a lesser metatarsal head resulting in joint degeneration. There is no consensus regarding the management of these lesions. Here, we describe an interpositional arthroplasty using extensor digitorum brevis tendon as a solution for Freiberg's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, 6 women and 4 men with Freiberg's disease unresponsive to conservative treatment were operated with interpositional arthroplasty with extensor digitorum brevis tendon...
May 2008: Foot & Ankle International
Minoru Fukuda, Yoshito Takagi
BACKGROUND: There is no widespread, well-accepted preoperative risk evaluation system for cardiac operative patients in Japan. We evaluated a scoring system for the prediction of postoperative morbidity and mortality in Japanese cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: Between August 1, 2002 and July 31, 2003 154 patients undergoing heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were scored according to EuroSCORE (European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation). All patients were divided into three risk groups, low risk group (score 0-2), medium risk group (score 3-5), and high risk group (score 6 plus)...
October 2004: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Yoshihito Morita, Masaki Senami, Hirotaka Maruya, Tomoko Urushibara, Maiko Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Following anticholinergic premedication and preoperative fasting, preoperative patients with a potential xerostomia have complaints associated with oral dryness. Xerostomia may lead to risk of mucosal burning and secondary infection. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the effect of oral balance gel on dryness of the mouth in preoperative patients. METHODS: Thirty nine patients scheduled for elective surgery were randomly assigned to either of the group with or without using the oral balance gel...
July 2004: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
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