keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Airways surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107314/effect-of-treatment-with-twin-block-appliances-on-body-posture-in-class-ii-malocclusion-subjects-a-prospective-clinical-study
#1
Dalia Smailienė, Aistė Intienė, Irma Dobradziejutė, Gintaras Kušleika
BACKGROUND There is strong evidence that malocclusion and body posture are interdependent. The relationship between improvement of nasopharyngeal airway, correction of malocclusion by orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery, and changes in body posture were evaluated in several studies. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of the orthodontic treatment with Twin-block appliance on body posture. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study group consisted of 23 children (mean age 12.45 (1.06) years)...
January 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106355/comparative-study-of-fiberoptic-guided-versus-intubating-laryngeal-mask-airway-assisted-awake-orotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-unstable-cervical-spine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Tanmay Jadhav, Kamath Sriganesh, Madhusudan K Reddy, Dhritiman Chakrabarti
BACKGROUND: A safe airway technique minimizes intubation-associated cervical-spine movement and consequent neurological injury in patients with unstable cervical spine (UCS). Awake fiberoptic-guided intubation (FGI) is preferred in patients with UCS. Alternatively, intubating laryngeal mask airway assisted intubation (ILMA-AI) can be performed both during elective and emergency, requires less expertise and is cost-effective. This study evaluated cervical-spine movement during FGI and ILMA-AI in patients with UCS...
January 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106353/causes-of-sore-throat-after-intubation-a-prospective-observational-study-of-multiple-anaesthesia-variables
#3
Phillip D Levin, Chrysostomou Chrysostomos, Carlos A Ibarra, Stephan Ledot, Daigo Naito, Charles Weissman, Alexander Avidan
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is common after intubation for surgery. This observational study investigated cuff pressure and a large range of clinical covariates to explore the aetiology of sore throat. METHODS: Approximately 24 hours after surgery six questions relating to pain, upper airway symptoms and sore throat were delivered to patients who had undergone intubation. Sore throat was correlated with demographics, anesthesia variables and cuff pressure (measured for a subset of patients)...
January 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105667/palatoglossus-coupling-in-selective-upper-airway-stimulation
#4
Clemens Heiser, Günther Edenharter, Murat Bas, Markus Wirth, Benedikt Hofauer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Selective upper airway stimulation (sUAS) of the hypoglossal nerve is a useful therapy to treat patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Is it known that multiple obstructions can be solved by this stimulation technique, even at the retropalatal region. The aim of this study was to verify the palatoglossus coupling at the soft palate during stimulation. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, prospective clinical trail. METHODS: Twenty patients who received an sUAS implant from April 2015 to April 2016 were included...
January 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104016/-effect-of-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-treatment-on-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#5
H W Wang, H M Liu, Z Y Zheng, Y Z Jia, H R Li
Objective: To investigate the effect of the treatments for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on the resistant hypertension (RH) of patients. Methods: Eighty patients with OSAHS and RH (blood pressure could not be controlled under 140/90 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) even with more than three kinds of antihypertensive drugs including diuretics) received surgery or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. The results of polysomnography monitoring, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and the dosage of antihypertensive medication were recorded before and six months after the treatment...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100946/management-of-young-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-a-surgical-and-anesthetic-challenge
#6
REVIEW
Devalina Goswami, Sweta Singh, Ongkila Bhutia, Dalim Baidya, Chhavi Sawhney
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is a unique disease where fracture of the mandibular condyle or any other cause leading to ankylosis of the joint can lead to multiple problems if not detected and treated early. If affected in early years of life, it may cause facial dysmorphism, restricted mouth opening, and difficulty in eating, speech, and sleep. Early surgery and physiotherapy can restore the joint function to a great extent. Anesthetizing a pediatric patient with this disorder is a definite challenge which needs expertise in difficult airway management...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100527/transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
S Humphreys, P Lee-Archer, G Reyne, D Long, T Williams, A Schibler
BACKGROUND: Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) was introduced to adult anaesthesia to improve the safety of airway management during apnoea before intubation. The objective of our study was to determine whether THRIVE safely prolongs apnoeic oxygenation in children. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial in 48 healthy children, with normal airways and cardiorespiratory function, in age groups 0-6 and 7-24 months, 2-5 and 6-10 yr old, presenting for elective surgery or imaging under general anaesthesia...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099287/anesthetic-outcomes-of-children-with-arthrogryposis-syndromes-no-evidence-of-hyperthermia
#8
Stephen J Gleich, Michael Tien, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Randall Flick, Michael E Nemergut
BACKGROUND: Arthrogryposis syndromes are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by congenital joint contractures often requiring multiple surgeries during childhood to address skeletal and visceral abnormalities. Previous reports suggest that these children have increased perioperative risk, including hypermetabolic events discrete from malignant hyperthermia, difficult airway management, isolated hyperthermia, and difficult IV line placement. We sought to compare children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) versus the less severe, distal arthrogryposis syndromes (DAS) and to evaluate possible intraoperative hyperthermia of patients with AMC...
January 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098417/delivery-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-review-of-86-anesthetics
#9
Marc A Cohen, Grant M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) is rare, with 97 cases in the United Kingdom between 1988 and 1998. Mucopolysaccharide infiltration of tissues in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) causes multi-systemic pathology including difficult airways and cardiac disease. Published anesthesia case reviews of Sanfilippo syndrome have included limited numbers of patients to date. AIM: To identify the perioperative management and complications of anesthesia in children with mucopolysaccharidosis Type III at Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095973/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-treatments-on-partners-a-literature-review
#10
Faith S Luyster
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Many adults sleep with a significant other; thus, sleep disorder symptoms and treatments of one partner are likely to impact the other partner's health. A literature review was conducted to examine the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and OSA treatments on partner-assessed sleep and daytime functioning and partner involvement in OSA treatment. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL searches yielded 38 pertinent quantitative and qualitative studies that described sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners of patients with untreated OSA, sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners who were referred for OSA treatment, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliance (OA), or surgery, and/or associations between partner involvement and OSA treatment use...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089607/estimates-of-nasal-airflow-at-the-nasal-cycle-mid-point-improve-the-correlation-between-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-nasal-patency
#11
Courtney Gaberino, John S Rhee, Guilherme J M Garcia
INTRODUCTION: The nasal cycle represents a significant challenge when comparing pre- and post-surgery objective measures of nasal airflow. METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of nasal airflow were conducted in 12 nasal airway obstruction patients showing significant nasal cycling between pre- and post-surgery computed tomography scans. To correct for the nasal cycle, mid-cycle models were created virtually. Subjective scores of nasal patency were obtained via the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and unilateral visual analog scale (VAS)...
January 9, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088955/-effect-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-2-on-%C3%AE-glutamylcysteine-synthetase-in-bronchial-epithelial-cells-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
J Li, A G Dai, C Y Huang, R C Hu
Objective: To research the regulation effects of Krüppel like zinc finger transcription factor 2 (KLF2) on γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) in airway epithelial cells of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: (1) Human specimen experiment: lung tissue of pulmonary lobectomy patients with lung cancer with or without COPD was collected from Department of Thoracic Surgery of Hunan Cancer Hospital from December 2008 to December 2009. The patients were divided into COPD group and control group without COPD...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088174/feasibility-and-safety-of-dilatational-tracheotomy-using-the-rigid-endoscope-a-multicenter-study
#13
Andreas Nowak, Peter Kern, Sven Koscielny, Taras I Usichenko, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Markus Jungehülsing, Matthias Tittel, Jens Oeken, Eckart Klemm
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptic tracheo-bronchoscopy is the most commonly used procedure for percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (PDT). However, PDT can be associated with major complications, including death. Furthermore it is unclear, whether the tracheal ring fractures may contribute to the development of tracheal stenosis after PDT nor whether tracheal ring fractures can be prevented by using a rigid endoscope for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of and the incidence of complications for PDT using the rigid tracheotomy endoscope (TED)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086849/successful-outcome-following-pneumonectomy-in-a-teenage-boy-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#14
Zheyi Liew, Santosh Mallikarjuna, Asif Hasan, F Kate Gould, Su Bunn, Matthew F Thomas, Jim L Lordan, Christopher O'Brien, Malcolm Brodlie
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis lung disease is generally a diffuse process however rarely one lung may become particularly damaged through chronic collapse and consolidation resulting in end-stage bronchiectasis with relative sparing of the contralateral lung. This clinical situation is sometimes referred to as "destroyed lung". Lung resection surgery is seldom indicated in cystic fibrosis and the associated medical literature is relatively sparse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14 year old boy was referred to our centre for lung transplantation assessment...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079597/histologic-findings-of-severe-therapy-resistant-asthma-from-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-biopsies
#15
Humberto E Trejo Bittar, Daniel Doberer, Mitra Mehrad, Diane C Strollo, Joseph K Leader, Sally Wenzel, Samuel A Yousem
The histologic changes occurring in severe/therapy-resistant asthma (SA) as defined by the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society guidelines, particularly at the level of the distal airways are unknown. This study describes the clinical, radiologic, and histologic characteristics of 29 SA patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lung biopsy. Pathologic observations were correlated with clinical features, especially the presence of autoimmune disease (AID) (15/29, 51.7%). Ten biopsies (10/29, 34...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077503/european-association-for-cardio-thoracic-surgery-expert-consensus-statement-on-the-prevention-and-management-of-mediastinitis
#16
Yasir Abu-Omar, Gregor J Kocher, Paolo Bosco, Cristina Barbero, David Waller, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Miguel Sousa-Uva, Peter B Licht, Joel Dunning, Ralph A Schmid, Giuseppe Cardillo
Mediastinitis continues to be an important and life-threatening complication after median sternotomy despite advances in prevention and treatment strategies, with an incidence of 0.25-5%. It can also occur as extension of infection from adjacent structures such as the oesophagus, airways and lungs, or as descending necrotizing infection from the head and neck. In addition, there is a chronic form of 'chronic fibrosing mediastinitis' usually caused by granulomatous infections. In this expert consensus, the evidence for strategies for treatment and prevention of mediatinitis is reviewed in detail aiming at reducing the incidence and optimizing the management of this serious condition...
January 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074825/goldenhar-syndrome-cardiac-anesthesiologist-s-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Minati Choudhury, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
Goldenhar syndrome or oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia was defined by Goldenhar in 1952 and redefined by Grolin et al. later. As the name denotes, children with this syndrome present with craniofacial and vertebral anomalies which increase the risk of airway compromise. Neonates and infants with this syndrome often have premature internal organs, low birth weight, and airway disorders. For this reason, safe anesthesia in such infants requires a complete knowledge regarding metabolism and side effects of the drugs...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074820/airway-management-of-the-cardiac-surgical-patients-current-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Arindam Choudhury, Nishkarsh Gupta, Rohan Magoon, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
The difficult airway (DA) is a common problem encountered in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, the challenge is not only just establishment of airway but also maintaining a definitive airway for the safe conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass from initiation to weaning after surgical correction or palliation, de-airing of cardiac chambers. This review describes the management of the DA in a cardiac theater environment. The primary aims are recognition of DA both anatomical and physiological, necessary preparations for (and management of) difficult intubation and extubation...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074798/proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-as-an-alternative-to-standard-endotracheal-tube-in-securing-upper-airway-in-the-patients-undergoing-beating-heart-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#19
Kalpana Shah
BACKGROUND: ProSeal laryngeal mask airways (PLMAs) are routinely used after failed tracheal intubation as airway rescue, facilitating tracheal intubation by acting as a conduit and to secure airway during emergencies. In long duration surgeries, use of endotracheal tube (ETT) is associated with various hemodynamic complications, which are minimally affected during PLMA use. However, except for few studies, there are no significant data available that promote the use of laryngeal mask during cardiac surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072940/elective-use-of-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-for-resection-of-subtotal-malignant-distal-airway-obstruction
#20
Rkf Fung, J Stellios, P G Bannon, A Ananda, P Forrest
We describe the use of peripheral veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) and high-flow nasal oxygen as procedural support in a patient undergoing debulking of a malignant tumour of the lower airway. Due to the significant risk of complete airway obstruction upon induction of anaesthesia, ECMO was established while the patient was awake, and was maintained without systemic anticoagulation to minimise the risk of intraoperative bleeding. This case illustrates that ECMO support with high-flow nasal oxygen can be considered as part of the algorithm for airway management during surgery for subtotal lower airway obstruction, as it may be the only viable option for maintaining adequate gas exchange...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
keyword
keyword
107539
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"