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Dyslipemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304136/effect-of-intensive-multifactorial-treatment-on-vascular-progenitor-cells-in-hypertensive-patients
#1
Charbel Maroun-Eid, Adriana Ortega-Hernández, Javier Modrego, María Abad-Cardiel, José Antonio García-Donaire, Leonardo Reinares, Nieves Martell-Claros, Dulcenombre Gómez-Garre
BACKGROUND: Most hypertensive patients, despite a proper control of their cardiovascular risk factors, have cardiovascular complications, evidencing the importance of controlling and/or reversing target-organ damage. In this sense, endothelial dysfunction has been associated with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and related cardiovascular outcomes. Since hypertension often clusters with other risk factors such as dyslipemia, diabetes and obesity, in this study we have investigated the effect of intensive multifactorial treatment on circulating vascular progenitor cell levels on high-risk hypertensive patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191221/increased-synovial-lipodystrophy-induced-by-high-fat-diet-aggravates-synovitis-in-experimental-osteoarthritis
#2
Ane Larrañaga-Vera, Ana Lamuedra, Sandra Pérez-Baos, Ivan Prieto-Potin, Leticia Peña, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Raquel Largo
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), but the association between the individual components and OA are not well-understood. We aimed to study the effect of hypercholesterolemia on synovial inflammation in knee OA. METHODS: OA was surgically induced in rabbits fed with standard diet (OA group, n = 10) or in rabbits fed with high fat diet (OA-HFD, n = 10). Healthy rabbits receiving standard diet (Control, n = 10) or fed with HFD (HFD, n = 6) were also monitored...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102473/national-dyslipidemia-registry-of-the-spanish-arteriosclerosis-society-current-status
#3
Sofía Pérez-Calahorra, Rosa M Sánchez-Hernández, Núria Plana, Pedro Valdivielso, Fernando Civeira
INTRODUCTION: Clinical registries are a very effective tool to verify the usual clinical practice, to compare clinical strategies and to improve the knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic new procedures. METHODS: The National Registry of Dyslipemias of the Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis (SEA) is an on-line, retrospective and prospective database where the different Spanish lipid units accredited by the SEA introduce data from patients with disorders of lipid metabolism...
November 1, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921259/epigenetic-effects-of-the-pregnancy-mediterranean-diet-adherence-on-the-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-markers
#4
REVIEW
David Lorite Mingot, Eva Gesteiro, Sara Bastida, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has a multifactorial and not yet fully clarified origin. Insulin resistance is a key element that connects all the accepted components of MS (obesity, dyslipemia, high blood pressure, and hyperglycemia). There is strong evidence that epigenetic changes during fetal development are key factors in the development of MS. These changes are induced by maternal nutrition, among different factors, affecting the intrauterine environment. The Mediterranean diet has been shown to be a healthy eating pattern that protects against the development of MS in adults...
November 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882641/clinical-factors-influencing-mortality-risk-in-hospital-acquired-sepsis
#5
C López-Mestanza, D Andaluz-Ojeda, J R Gómez-López, J F Bermejo-Martín
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors that confer an increased risk of mortality in hospital-acquired sepsis (HAS) is necessary to help prevent, and improve the outcome of, this condition. AIM: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and factors associated with mortality in patients with HAS. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with HAS in a major Spanish Hospital from 2011 to 2015. Data from adults receiving any of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes associated with sepsis were collected...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185675/consensus-document-on-the-management-of-the-atherogenic-dyslipidaemia-of-the-spanish-society-of-arteriosclerosis
#6
Juan F Ascaso, Jesús Millán, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Mariano Blasco, Ángel Brea, Ángel Díaz, Teresa Mantilla, Juan Pedro-Botet, Xavier Pintó
Positioning document and summary of recommendations recently published by the Working Group on Atherogenic Dyslipemia of the Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis and by the European Society of Arteriosclerosis.
March 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097839/nutritional-assessment-of-a-population-with-a-history-of-childhood-craniopharyngioma-seen-at-hospital-prof-dr-juan-p-garrahan
#7
Carolina Caminiti, Carola Saure, Ilanit Bomer, Mercedes Brea, Javier González Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign malformations located between the pituitary and hypothalamus that may affect key hormone secretion for endocrine regulation and satiety modulation. Although this is a relatively benign disease, the combination of severe hypothalamic obesity and associated comorbidities results in a reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of patients after craniopharyngioma surgery. POPULATION AND METHODS: Patients younger than 21 years old at the time of the study who required craniopharyngioma surgery at Hospital de Pediatr...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206130/association-of-psychosocial-work-hazards-with-depression-and-suboptimal-health-in-executive-employees
#8
Sandy Huey-Jen Hsu, Duan-Rung Chen, Yawen Cheng, Ta-Chen Su
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate whether psychosocial work-related hazards, measured by workplace justice and employment insecurity, are associated with depression and suboptimal health status in Taiwan's executive-level employees. METHODS: There were 365 executives who have received a series of cardiovascular health examinations, blood sampling, and self-reported questionnaires, which included the psychosocial work-related hazards and the CES-D scale...
July 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116638/niacin-and-olive-oil-promote-skewing-to-the-m2-phenotype-in-bone-marrow-derived-macrophages-of-mice-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Sergio Montserrat-de la Paz, Maria C Naranjo, Sergio Lopez, Rocio Abia, Francisco J G Muriana, Beatriz Bermudez
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with obesity, dyslipemia, type 2 diabetes and chronic low-grade inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine the role of high-fat low-cholesterol diets (HFLCDs) rich in SFAs (HFLCD-SFAs), MUFAs (HFLCD-MUFAs) or MUFAs plus omega-3 long-chain PUFAs (HFLCD-PUFAs) on polarisation and inflammatory potential in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from niacin (NA)-treated Lep(ob/ob)LDLR(-/-) mice. Animals fed with HFLCD-SFAs had increased weight and serum triglycerides, and their BMDMs accumulated triglycerides over the animals fed with HFLCD-MUFAs or -PUFAs...
May 18, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113065/-a-study-using-positron-emission-tomography-of-a-case-of-vascular-dementia-due-to-left-thalamic-haematoma-an-example-of-the-diaschisis-phenomenon
#10
E Blanco-Martin, S Del Mazo-Sanchez, A Molano-Salazar, R Bereincua-Gandarias, V Llorens-Abando, M Fernandez-Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Thalamic vascular lesions as strategic strokes can cause amnesia, executive dysfunctions or dysphasia and behavioral or psychological symptoms causing vascular dementia. CASE REPORT: A 58 years-old woman with hypertension and dyslipemia, who after a left thalamic hemorrhage with good radiological evolution, presents a severe amnesic syndrome as well as other subtle changes in orientation and in language, difficulties in managing money and depressive symptoms requiring anxiolytic and antidepressive treatment...
May 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26906039/impact-on-clinical-practice-of-the-implementation-of-guidelines-for-the-toxicity-management-of-targeted-therapies-in-kidney-cancer-the-protect-2-study
#11
Nuria Lainez, Jesús García-Donas, Emilio Esteban, Javier Puente, M Isabel Sáez, Enrique Gallardo, Álvaro Pinto-Marín, Sergio Vázquez-Estévez, Luis León, Icíar García-Carbonero, Cristina Suárez-Rodríguez, Carmen Molins, Miguel A Climent-Duran, Martín Lázaro-Quintela, Aranzazu González Del Alba, María José Méndez-Vidal, Isabel Chirivella, Francisco J Afonso, Marta López-Brea, Nuria Sala-González, Montserrat Domenech, Laura Basterretxea, Carmen Santander-Lobera, Irene Gil-Arnáiz, Ovidio Fernández, Cristina Caballero-Díaz, Begoña Mellado, David Marrupe, José García-Sánchez, Ricardo Sánchez-Escribano, Eva Fernández Parra, José C Villa Guzmán, Esther Martínez-Ortega, María Belén González, Marina Morán, Beatriz Suarez-Paniagua, María J Lecumberri, Daniel Castellano
BACKGROUND: The impact of such recommendations after their implementation of guidelines has not usually been evaluated. Herein, we assessed the impact and compliance with the Spanish Oncology Genitourinary Group (SOGUG) Guidelines for toxicity management of targeted therapies in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in daily clinical practice. METHODS: Data on 407 mRCC patients who initiated first-line targeted therapy during the year before and the year after publication and implementation of the SOGUG guideline program were available from 34 Spanish Hospitals...
February 22, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815848/-prevalence-of-silent-cerebrovascular-lesions-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#12
Pedro E Colla-Machado, Ariel A Luzzi, Natalia R Balian, Santiago G Pigretti, M Cristina Zurrú-Ganen, Edgardo Cristiano, Stella M Valiensi
INTRODUCTION: The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) confers increased risk of cardiovascular disease, given its association with other vascular risk factors. Both OSA and other vascular risk factors are associated with silent brain lesions. AIM: To assess the prevalence of silent brain lesions in patients with OSA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 137 patients with OSA. The mean age was 65 ± 12 years; 45% were women...
February 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105465/pp144-profile-of-lupus-pregnancy-in-internal-medecine-practice
#13
T Haddad, D Hakem, A Berrah
INTRODUCTION: The pregnancies in systemic erythematous lupus (SLE) disease is a situation of high risk and involve both the mother and the fetus. The prematurity and the miscarriage are there more frequent, with increase risks of eclampsia, acute hypertension, HELP syndrome and of worsening renal disease. So the morbimortality is multiplied particularly when a anti-phospholipid syndrome 'APLS' is associated. The pregnancy remains however authorized when the SLE is in remission for more than 6 months with a validated treatment and successful means of monitoring...
July 2012: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081122/increased-concentration-of-clusterin-apolipoprotein-j-apoj-in-hyperlipemic-serum-is-paradoxically-associated-with-decreased-apoj-content-in-lipoproteins
#14
Anna Rull, Maria Martínez-Bujidos, Montserrat Pérez-Cuellar, Antonio Pérez, Jordi Ordóñez-Llanos, José Luis Sánchez-Quesada
OBJECTIVE: Clusterin/apolipoprotein J (apoJ) circulates in blood in part associated to lipoproteins or in unbound form. When bound to HDL, apoJ is antiatherogenic by inhibiting endothelial cell apoptosis; thus, any factor modifying apoJ association to HDL would decrease its antiatherogenic function. However, the exact distribution of apoJ in each lipoprotein fraction, or in lipoprotein-non bound form has not been specifically investigated either in normolipemia or in dyslipemia. METHODS: Basic lipid profile and apoJ concentration were determined in sera from 70 subjects, including a wide range of cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations...
August 2015: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26076509/-use-of-intragastric-balloon-in-385-obese-patients
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Julio Argonz, Eleonora Puentes, Patricia Matos, Joaquín Argonz, Mónica Morzilli, Horacio Vázquez, María Carolina Bolino
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with systemic co-morbi- dities. Conservative management has a low rate ofsuccess in the short and long term. Therefore, novel endoscopic strate- gies have emerged as alternative therapies to bariatric sur- gery. The intragastric balloon (IGB) is a temporary, effective and safe endoscopic treatment for weight loss. Objectives. 1. To describe changes in body mass index (BMI) in patients who completed treatment with IGB. 2. To describe metabo- lic co-morbidities and psychological features at admission...
March 2015: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25659049/-role-of-probiotics-in-obesity-management
#16
REVIEW
Andreu Prados-Bo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Esther Nova, Ascensión Marcos
Obesity is a major public health issue as it is related to several chronic disorders, including type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipemia, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, among others. Novel research shows that the gut microbiota is involved in obesity and metabolic disorders, revealing that obese animal and human subjects have alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota compared to their lean counterparts. Moreover, it has been observed in germ-free mice that transplantation of the microbiota of either obese or lean mice influences body weight, suggesting that the gut ecosystem is a relevant target for weight management...
February 7, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25594308/dietary-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-supplementation-alleviates-normocaloric-western-diet-induced-glucose-intolerance-in-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipigs
#17
Sophie Blat, Sophie Vincent, Luz Lefeuvre, Sophie Lemoine-Morel, Charles-Henri Malbert, Lisa Pichon, Takashi Mikogami, Arlette Gratas-Delamarche
OBJECTIVE: The pandemic of obesity in Western countries is mainly due to the high-fat, high-energy diet prevailing there. Obesity-associated metabolic disorders are the consequence of fat mass increase leading to altered adipokine secretion, hyperlipemia, oxidant stress, low-grade inflammation, and eventually glucose intolerance. Yet not all people consuming a Western diet become obese, and the question is raised whether these people are also at risk of developing metabolic disorders...
February 2015: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25561182/-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-spain
#18
Emilio Ortega, Antonio J Amor, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, Conxa Castell, Marga Giménez, Ignacio Conget
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and to compare it with that observed in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and normal population in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study (18-70 years-old). Information on CVD was available from a nurse-administered questionnaire (Di@bet.es Study, NORMAL=3,430, T2DM=312) and from a physician reporting form (T1DM=1,382). Differences in the crude and adjusted prevalence of coronary heart (CHD), cerebrovascular (CNSD), peripheral vascular (PVD) and overall CV (CVD) disease were investigated between T1DM vs...
September 21, 2015: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25556158/-position-of-interdisciplinary-spanish-committee-for-cardiovascular-prevention-about-dyslipemia-treatment-guidelines
#19
EDITORIAL
Jesús Millán Núñez-Cortés, Vicente Lahera Juliá, Manuel Vázquez Carrera, Juan Pedro-Botet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25218173/cardiomyocyte-intracellular-cholesteryl-ester-accumulation-promotes-tropoelastin-physical-alteration-and-degradation-role-of-lrp1-and-cathepsin-s
#20
Valerie Samouillan, Elena Revuelta-López, Jany Dandurand, Laura Nasarre, Lina Badimon, Colette Lacabanne, Vicenta Llorente-Cortés
Dyslipemia has a direct impact on cardiac remodeling by altering extracellular matrix (ECM) components. One of the main ECM components is elastin, a proteic three-dimensional network that can be efficiently degraded by cysteine proteases or cathepsins. Dyslipemic status in insulin resistance and combined hyperlipoproteinemia diseases include raised levels of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), triglyceride (TG)-cholesteryl ester (CE)-rich lipoproteins. Enhanced VLDL concentration promotes cardiomyocyte intracellular cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation in a LRP1-dependent manner...
October 2014: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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