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Noah T Ashley, Greg E Demas
Multidirectional interactions among the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems have been demonstrated in humans and non-human animal models for many decades by the biomedical community, but ecological and evolutionary perspectives are lacking. Neuroendocrine-immune interactions can be conceptualized using a series of feedback loops, which culminate into distinct neuroendocrine-immune phenotypes. Behavior can exert profound influences on these phenotypes, which can in turn reciprocally modulate behavior. For example, the behavioral aspects of reproduction, including courtship, aggression, mate selection and parental behaviors can impinge upon neuroendocrine-immune interactions...
October 17, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
Masano Sagawa, Hirokazu Yagawa, Souichi Konno, Atsuko Usuda, Hiroyuki Maeda, Kanu Kim, Toshifumi Watanabe, Emiko Yamaya, Takebumi Usui, Hajime Yokomizo, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Takeshi Shimakawa, Takao Katsube, Yoshihiko Naritaka
BACKGROUND: We examined the significance of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio(NLR)in gastric cancer and colon cancer in the perioperative period. METHOD: There were 46 patients(21 with gastric cancer and 25 with colon cancer). We examined the association between preoperative NLR and other indicators of nutritional status, as well as the relationship between preoperative NLR and the incidence of postoperative complications(all complications/infectious complications). RESULT: NLR was higher in those with zinc<65 mg, prognostic nutritional index(PNI)≤40, and modified Glasgow prognostic score(mGPS)of 2 (p<0...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Arnoley S Abcejo, Hans P Sviggum, Michelle L Mauermann, James R Hebl, Carlos B Mantilla, Andrew C Hanson, Yi Lin, Adam K Jacob
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are multiple risk factors for developing perioperative nerve injury (PNI). Perioperative nerve injury after peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) is rare. Exposure to systemic chemotherapy may cause peripheral neuropathy, but its role as a risk factor for PNI after PNB is unknown. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of PNI in patients undergoing PNB as part of extremity surgery after prior exposure to systemic chemotherapy...
October 6, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Masau Sekiguchi, Ichiro Oda, Haruhisa Suzuki, Seiichiro Abe, Satoru Nonaka, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the number of gastric cancer patients aged ≥85 years indicated for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has increased, little is known about their outcomes and prognostic factors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and factors prognostic of overall survival (OS) of patients aged ≥85 years who underwent ESD for gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 108 patients aged ≥85 years with 149 gastric cancers treated by ESD between 1999 and 2014 at our institution...
October 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Zheng Lu, Teng-Hui Dong, Pei-Ren Si, Wei Shen, Yi-Liang Bi, Min Min, Xin Chen, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: Perineural invasion (PNI) is a histopathological characteristic of pancreatic cancer (PanCa). The aim of this study was to observe the treatment effect of continuous low-dose-rate (CLDR) irradiation to PNI and assess the PNI-related pain relief caused by iodine-125 ( 125 I) seed implantation. METHODS: The in vitro PNI model established by co-culture with dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and cancer cells was interfered under 2 and 4 Gy of 125 I seeds CLDR irradiation...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Che-Chia Hsu, Hui-Cheng Huang, Po-Ting Wu, Ta-Wei Tai, I-Ming Jou
Peripheral nervous injury (PNI) is a common form of trauma in modern society, especially in sport players. Despite the advance of therapy for PNI, the recovery of function can never reach the preinjury level after treatments. Recently, inhibiting neural oxidative stress shows a beneficial effect in improving functional recovery after PNI. In addition, sesame oil has been reported to possess the excellent antioxidative properties. However, whether sesame oil can improve the functional recovery after PNI by its antioxidative effect has never been investigated...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Maziar Nikberg, Abbas Chabok, Henry Letocha, Csaba Kindler, Bengt Glimelius, Kenneth Smedh
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II and III rectal cancer patients is a matter of discussion. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of lymphovascular (LVI) and perineural (PNI) invasion in stage II rectal cancer on a national level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinico-pathological factors associated with disease-free survival (DFS) and time to recurrence in stage II rectal cancer patients were analyzed from patient data registered in the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry between 2006 and 2012...
October 12, 2016: Acta Oncologica
Gan-Bao Wei, Yao-Yong Lu, Rong-Wei Liao, Qing-Sheng Chen, Kun-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 187 patients with metastatic NPC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The PNI was calculated using the following formula: serum albumin level (gram per liter) +0.005× peripheral lymphocyte count (per cubic millimeter). A receiver operating characteristics curve for overall survival (OS) with the highest Youden index was determined to calculate the best cutoff value of PNI...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yu-Ju Chen, Chin-Ling Lin, Chi-Rong Li, Shih-Ming Huang, James Yi-Hsin Chan, Wen-Hui Fang, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported to cause considerable psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) disturbances such as, psychological distress, autonomic nervous imbalance, and impaired immune function. Associations among these psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) factors and their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS necessitate further exploration. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations among psychoneuroimmunological factors, their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS...
October 7, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Jun Ju, Yun Li, Juan Chai, Chao Ma, Qianwei Ni, Zhiyuan Shen, Jianhua Wei, Moyi Sun
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review to assess the prognostic value of perineural invasion (PNI) for patients with head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: A literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE was used to identify relevant literature up to December 2015. The primary outcomes of interest were overall survival, disease-free survival, and locoregional control. Study information and hazard ratios (HRs) were extracted, and HRs were pooled using the Mantel-Haenszel fixed-effects model and the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model according to heterogeneity...
August 17, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Yan Deng, Qing Pang, Jian-Bin Bi, Xing Zhang, Ling-Qiang Zhang, Yan-Yan Zhou, Run-Chen Miao, Wei Chen, Kai Qu, Chang Liu
The pretreatment nutritional and immunological status play indispensable roles in predicting the outcome of patients with various types of malignancies. The aim of the study was to investigate whether preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which simply accounts for nutritional and immunological status, was associated with overall survival (OS) in patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The retrospective study included a total of 315 GBC patients after surgery between 2002 and 2012. PNI was calculated according to the following formula: 10× serum albumin (g/dl) +0...
October 8, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Trevor A Flood, Nicola Schieda, Daniel T Keefe, Chris Morash, Justin Bateman, Kien T Mai, Eric C Belanger, Susan J Robertson, Rodney H Breau
This study assesses if perineural invasion (PNI) detected on biopsy with Gleason score (GS) 3 + 4 = 7 prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with upstaging/upgrading of disease after radical prostatectomy (RP). 154 patients with GS 3 + 4 = 7 PCa diagnosed from biopsy who underwent RP were assessed for PNI. The percentage of biopsy sites with PNI (%PNI) was also calculated. Pattern 4 morphologies (ill-defined glands [IDG], fused, cribriform, and glomerulations) were also assessed. Clinical information, GS and stage after RP were retrieved from the medical records...
October 5, 2016: Pathology International
Jia Qing Gong, Yong Kuan Cao, Guo Hu Zhang, Pei Hong Wang, Guo De Luo
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no optimal digestive tract reconstruction technique well recognized by scholars after total gastrectomy. In this study, a new reconstruction method, which is modified from the classic Roux-en-Y procedure, an uncut jejunal esophageal anastomosis with double jejunal pouch (UJEA-DJP) was established, and its advantages for improving the quality of life of patients who undergo total gastrectomy were analyzed. METHODS: Altogether 160 patients with gastric cancer enrolled in our center from September 2009 to March 2012 received radical D2 total gastrectomy...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Chien-Fu Yeh, Wing-Yin Li, Pen-Yuan Chu, Shou-Yen Kao, Ya-Wei Chen, Tsung-Lun Lee, Yen-Bin Hsu, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Shyh-Kuan Tai
OBJECTIVES: Perineural invasion (PNI) is an established poor prognostic pathological feature for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of pretreatment parameters in predicting PNI for OSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled into our study 102 newly diagnosed OSCC patients, who were surgically treated from 2011 to 2012. Before treatment, patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire H&N35 and the visual analogue scale (VAS) for cancer pain...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
Timothy A Warren, Natasa Broit, Jacinta L Simmons, Carly J Pierce, Sharad Chawla, Duncan L J Lambie, Gary Quagliotto, Ian S Brown, Peter G Parsons, Benedict J Panizza, Glen M Boyle
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common cancer worldwide and accounts for approximately 30% of all keratinocyte cancers. The vast majority of cutaneous SCCs of the head and neck (cSCCHN) are readily curable with surgery and/or radiotherapy unless high-risk features are present. Perineural invasion (PNI) is recognized as one of these high-risk features. The molecular changes during clinical PNI in cSCCHN have not been previously investigated. In this study, we assessed the global gene expression differences between cSCCHN with or without incidental or clinical PNI...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yeonjoo Choi, Jin Won Kim, Kyung Han Nam, Song-Hee Han, Ji-Won Kim, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Do Joong Park, Keun-Wook Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are markers of systemic inflammation known to be useful prognostic indicators of malignancy. However, little evidence has defined the influence of inflammation on the tumor microenvironment. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer were included. Preoperative peripheral blood samples were used to analyze the NLR and PNI...
September 24, 2016: Gastric Cancer
Andre S Madsen, George Oosthuizen, Grant L Laing, John L Bruce, Damian Luiz Clarke
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to audit our experience with computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the detection of aerodigestive tract injury (ADTI) following penetrating neck injury (PNI) and to assess the significance of deep surgical emphysema on CTA. METHODS: A prospectively maintained trauma registry at the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa was retrospectively interrogated. The data of all patients with PNI investigated with CTA over a 4-y period were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Naila Irum Hadi, Qamar Jamal
OBJECTIVE: To record various clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer (BC) in our population and to find an association between these characteristics and axillary nodal metastasis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 150 BC patients from two tertiary care centers in Karachi from 15(th) February, 2013 to 31(st) March, 2015. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratio were estimated to find out an association between various clinicopathological characteristics and lymph node status using SPSS version 20...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Qing Lin, Langping Tan, Yu Zhou, Quanbo Zhou, Rufu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical value of the radical nerve dissection (RND) for the carcinoma of head of pancreas (CHP). METHODS: The clinical and pathological data of 30 CHP patients who underwent RND in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, with an attempt to explore the safety and short-term efficacy of this procedure. RESULTS: Among these 30 patients, the operative time was (351±61) min, the intra-operative blood loss was 350 (range, 300-600) mL, and the grades B and C pancreatic fistula was 23...
August 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Vlatka Periša, Lada Zibar, Ana Knezović, Igor Periša, Jasminka Sinčić-Petričević, Igor Aurer
BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), an indicator of nutritional status and systemic inflammation, is associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of various malignancies. The prognostic value of PNI in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic value of baseline PNI in DLBCL patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 103 DLBCL patients treated with R‑CHOP or R‑CHOP-like regimens...
September 8, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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