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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142470/relationship-between-autophagy-and-perineural-invasion-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-in-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Yan-Hui Yang, Jiang-Bo Liu, Yang Gui, Liang-Liang Lei, Shui-Jun Zhang
AIM: To investigate the relationship between autophagy and perineural invasion (PNI), clinical features, and prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data were retrospectively collected from 109 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent radical resection at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to August 2016. Expression levels of the autophagy-related protein microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3) and PNI marker ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase (UCH) in pancreatic cancer tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142183/worse-preoperative-status-based-on-inflammation-and-host-immunity-is-a-risk-factor-for-surgical-site-infections-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Masano Sagawa, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Hajime Yokomizo, Yuki Yano, Sachiyo Okayama, Takebumi Usui, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Shunichi Shiozawa, Takeshi Shimakawa, Takao Katsube, Hiroyuki Kato, Yoshihiko Naritaka
OBJECTIVE: The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) is an inflammation-based measure of malnutrition that reflects a state of cachexia in cancer patients. We evaluated mGPS as an index to predict surgical site infection (SSI) incidence in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 351 patients who underwent colon cancer resection. Factors correlated with the incidence of SSIs were identified by logistic analysis and stepwise selection...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140923/il-4-mediates-the-analgesia-produced-by-low-intensity-exercise-in-mice-with-neuropathic-pain
#3
Franciane Bobinski, Juliana Maia Teixeira, Kathleen Anne Sluka, Adair Roberto Soares Santos
Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) activates the immune system resulting in increased pro-inflammatory cytokines at the site of injury and in the spinal cord dorsal horn. Exercise modulates the immune system promoting an anti-inflammatory phenotype of macrophages in uninjured muscle, and increases in anti-inflammatory cytokines can promote healing and analgesia. We proposed that PNI will decrease, and treadmill exercise will increase, release of anti-inflammatory cytokines at the site of injury and in the spinal cord...
November 13, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137377/an-evaluation-of-nutrition-intervention-during-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#4
Ting Jin, Kai-Xin Li, Pei-Jing Li, Shuang Huang, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Ming Chen, Qiao-Ying Hu, Lei Shi, Yuan-Yuan Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition intervention during radiation for patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 117 patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) NPC treated between December 2015 and March 2016 in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital. All the patients underwent radical chemo-radiotherapy. First, all the patients were divided into the nutrition intervention group and the control group, depending on whether they accepted nutrition intervention...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131367/influence-of-the-neural-microenvironment-on-prostate-cancer
#5
Christian Coarfa, Diego Florentin, NagiReddy Putluri, Yi Ding, Jason Au, Dandan He, Ahmed Ragheb, Anna Frolov, George Michailidis, MinJae Lee, Dov Kadmon, Brian Miles, Christopher Smith, Michael Ittmann, David Rowley, Arun Sreekumar, Chad J Creighton, Gustavo Ayala
BACKGROUND: Nerves are key factors in prostate cancer (PCa), but the functional role of innervation in prostate cancer is poorly understood. PCa induced neurogenesis and perineural invasion (PNI), are associated with aggressive disease. METHOD: We denervated rodent prostates chemically and physically, before orthotopically implanting cancer cells. We also performed a human neoadjuvant clinical trial using botulinum toxin type A (Botox) and saline in the same patient, before prostatectomy...
November 13, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128596/comparison-of-the-histologic-risk-assessment-model-between-lower-lip-and-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Mojgan Alaeddini, Shahroo Etemad-Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: The histologic risk assessment (HRA) grading system was proposed as a practical measure to predict clinical outcome and its effectiveness has been shown in several studies. It has been suggested that the HRA model might exhibit differences among various oral subsites. The aim of the present study was to compare this system between squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the lower lip (LL) and oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All primary SCCs located in the LL and oral cavity were retrieved and graded using the HRA model...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126400/the-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-superior-indicator-of-prognosis-compared-with-other-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-resectable-colorectal-cancer
#7
Yongxi Song, Yuchong Yang, Peng Gao, Xiaowan Chen, Dehao Yu, Yingying Xu, Junhua Zhao, Zhenning Wang
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence has indicated that some inflammatory markers, including lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), can be used as indicators in the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there is controversy concerning what is the best predictor of prognosis in CRC. METHODS: A cohort of 1744 CRC patients in our institution was analyzed retrospectively...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122457/radiotherapy-for-tracheal-bronchial-cystic-adenoid-carcinomas
#8
A Levy, A Omeiri, E Fadel, C Le Péchoux
AIMS: Primary tracheal-bronchial adenoid cystic carcinoma (thoracic adenoid cystic carcinoma; TACC) is a rare and aggressive malignant tumour. Radiotherapy results have not been previously individualised in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of 31 patients with TACC (74% tracheal and 26% bronchial) who received radiotherapy between February 1984 and September 2014 were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Surgical removal of the primary tumour was carried out for most (71%) patients, and 13/22 (59%) had R1 or R2 (1/22) margins...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121459/extramural-perineural-invasion-in-pt3-and-pt4-gastric-carcinomas
#9
Alejandro España-Ferrufino, Leonardo S Lino-Silva, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández
Background: Perineural invasion (PNI) is widely studied in malignant tumors, and its prognostic significance is well demonstrated. Most studies have focused on evaluating the mural PNI (mPNI); however, extramural PNI (ePNI) may influence the prognosis in gastric cancer. We evaluated the prognostic value of ePNI compared with mPNI in gastric cancer in this observational comparative cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three pT3 and pT4 gastric carcinomas with PNI were evaluated...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109869/postintervention-dyspnea-after-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-think-of-a-phrenic-nerve-injury
#10
Liliana E Ramos-Villalobos, Luis Colin Lizalde, Manlio F Márquez, Pedro Iturralde, Francisco Castillo
Phrenic nerve injury (PNI) is a rare complication of catheter ablation therapy, most commonly observed in cryoablation of the right side pulmonary veins. We present a case of PNI after radiofrequency catheter ablation that developed acute dyspnea 24 hours after the intervention. Dyspnea is the main symptom of PNI, so the diagnosis should always be suspected if it appears after any type of catheter ablation involving the trajectory of the phrenic nerve. There is no specific treatment for PNI. The only maneuver that has been reported to accelerate the recovery of PNI is early stopping of the ablation therapy...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100345/glasgow-prognostic-score-is-superior-to-other-inflammation-based-scores-in-predicting-survival-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#11
Xiaoxiao Hao, Yongqiang Wei, Xiaolei Wei, Lizhi Zhou, Qi Wei, Yuankun Zhang, Weimin Huang, Ru Feng
Inflammation-based prognostic scores, such as the glasgow prognostic score (GPS), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were related to survival in many solid tumors. Recent study showed that GPS can be used to predict outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, other inflammation related scores had not been reported and it also remained unknown which of them was the most useful to evaluate the survival in DLBCLs...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099679/photobiomodulation-in-neuroscience-a-summary-of-personal-experience
#12
Shimon Rochkind
OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes personal experience with laser photobiomodulation and its potentials for the treatment of peripheral and central nerve system injuries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Laser photobiomodulation was shown to induce nerve cell activation, have a positive effect on metabolism of the nerve cells, and to stimulate nerve sprouting processes. Studies investigating the effects of laser photobiomodulation on injured peripheral nerves in rats reported immediate protective effects which increase the functional activity of the nerve, decrease or prevent scar tissue formation at the injured site, prevent or decrease degeneration in corresponding motor neurons of the spinal cord, and significantly increase axonal growth and myelinization...
November 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099300/diagnostic-value-of-preoperative-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-with-glioma-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
Shi-Hao Zheng, Jin-Lan Huang, Ming Chen, Bing-Long Wang, Qi-Shui Ou, Sheng-Yue Huang
OBJECTIVE Glioma is the most common form of brain tumor and has high lethality. The authors of this study aimed to elucidate the efficiency of preoperative inflammatory markers, including neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived NLR (dNLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and their paired combinations as tools for the preoperative diagnosis of glioma, with particular interest in its most aggressive form, glioblastoma (GBM). METHODS The medical records of patients newly diagnosed with glioma, acoustic neuroma, meningioma, or nonlesional epilepsy at 3 hospitals between January 2011 and February 2016 were collected and retrospectively analyzed...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095457/attomolar-detection-of-extracellular-micrornas-released-from-living-prostate-cancer-cells-by-a-plasmonic-nanowire-interstice-sensor
#14
Siyeong Yang, Hongki Kim, Kyung Jin Lee, Seul Gee Hwang, Eun-Kyung Lim, Juyeon Jung, Tae Jae Lee, Hee-Sung Park, Taejoon Kang, Bongsoo Kim
Prostate cancer (PC) is the second leading cause of cancer death for men worldwide. The serum prostate-specific antigen level test has been widely used to screen for PC. This method, however, exhibits a high false-positive rate, leading to over-diagnosis and over-treatment of PC patients. Extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) recently provided valuable information including the site and the status of the cancers and thus emerged as new biomarkers for several cancers. Among them, miR141 and miR375 are the most pronounced biomarkers for the diagnosis of high-risk PC...
November 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089030/systemic-immune-inflammation-index-predicting-chemoradiation-resistance-and-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Yu-Suo Tong, Juan Tan, Xi-Lei Zhou, Ya-Qi Song, Ying-Jian Song
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that the existence of systemic inflammation response is correlated with poor prognosis in several solid tumors. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the association between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and therapy response and overall survival in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prognostic values of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) were also evaluated...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083236/clinical-value-of-nutritional-status-in-cancer-what-is-its-impact-and-how-it-affects-disease-progression-and-prognosis
#16
Maria Mantzorou, Antonios Koutelidakis, Stamatios Theocharis, Constantinos Giaginis
Malnutrition is a common finding in cancer patients, which can affect disease progression and survival. This review aims to critically summarize the prognostic role of nutritional status, from Body Mass Index (BMI) and weight loss to nutrition screening tools and biochemical indices, in cancer patients. According to the currently available data, Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) was a significant prognostic factor of patients' survival, both in univariate and multivariate analyses. Pre-operative albumin was also correlated with worse outcomes, being an independent prognostic factor of survival in several studies...
October 30, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075776/defining-the-prevalence-and-prognostic-value-of-perineural-invasion-and-angiolymphatic-invasion-in-human-papillomavirus-positive-oropharyngeal-carcinoma
#17
William G Albergotti, Hannah L Schwarzbach, Shira Abberbock, Robert L Ferris, Jonas T Johnson, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Seungwon Kim
Importance: Recently, the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) updated its staging system for human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The prognostic significance of perineural invasion (PNI) and angiolymphatic invasion (ALI) within this staging system is unknown. Objective: To examine the prevalence and prognostic significance of PNI and ALI in HPV-positive OPSCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review was performed of all patients with HPV-positive OPSCC treated surgically at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2015, with at least 1 year of follow-up or death within 1 year...
October 26, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071294/data-on-the-expression-of-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-and-spinal-cord-after-preganglionic-cervical-root-avulsion
#18
Kai-Ting Chang, Yi-Lo Lin, Chi-Te Lin, May-Jywan Tsai, Wen-Cheng Huang, Yang-Hsin Shih, Yi-Yen Lee, Henrich Cheng, Ming-Chao Huang
Leptin (Lep) is mainly, although not exclusively, secreted by adipocytes. In addition to regulating lipid metabolism, it is also a proinflammatory factor and involved in the development of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) (Lim et al., 2009; Maeda et al., 2009) [1,2]. Leptin or its messenger ribonucleic acid expression has been found in various brain regions normally and in the dorsal horn after PNI (Lim et al., 2009; Ur et al., 2002; La Cava et al., 2004; White et al., 2004) [1,[3], [4], [5]]...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066730/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-plus-prognostic-nutritional-index-predicts-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-transarterial-chemoembolization
#19
Chang Liu, Lei Li, Wu-Sheng Lu, Hua Du, Lu-Nan Yan, Jia-Yin Yang, Tian-Fu Wen, Guo-Jun Zeng, Li Jiang, Jian Yang
For many malignancies, inflammation-based scores correlate with survival. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are immunonutritional indices associated with postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated whether a combined preoperative NLR and PNI score was prognostically superior to either index alone in 793 patients with unresectable HCC after transarterial chemoembolization. Patient demographic, clinical, and pathological data were also collected and analysed...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066696/-relationship-between-surgical-site-infection-ssi-incidence-and-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#20
Masano Sagawa, Hajime Yokomizo, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Yuki Yano, Sachiyo Okayama, Akiko Sakuma, Masaya Satake, Yasufumi Yamada, Takebumi Usui, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Shunichi Shiozawa, Takeshi Shimakawa, Takao Katsube, Hiroyuki Kato, Yoshihiko Naritaka
We examined the relationship between risk factors for surgical site infections(SSIs)and prognosis in 440 patients who underwent colon cancer surgery. We evaluated factors related to SSIs(GradeB II)and compared survival rates by stage. SSIs were observed in 36 patients. An increased SSI incidence was associated with pulmonary dysfunction, mGPS=2, CONUT≥2, PNI≤40, NLR>4.3, location(rectum), depth of tumor invasion(Bsubserosa, SS), lymph node metastasis, laparotomy, resection of other organs, colostomy, blood loss(large), and operative time(long)...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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