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Aasim I Padela, Rosie Duivenbode
Donation after circulatory determination of death (DCDD) and xenotransplantation are advanced as possible solutions to the growing gap between the number of individuals in need of organ transplantation and the pool of donors. Investigating how various publics, including religious leaders, might view these "therapies" is essential for broad public and professional support and will be needed in order to make these solutions viable. This study, therefore, presents normative Islamic bioethical perspectives on donation after circulatory determination of death and xenotransplantation...
May 2018: Xenotransplantation
Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Michal Kalman, Peter Tavel, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religious attendance (RA) have been associated with personal attitudes and values, and this may affect lifestyle. The aim of this study was to explore their association with adolescent leisure-time choices in a highly secular environment. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 4,182, 14.4±1.1 years, 48.6% boys) participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children cross-sectional study. We measured RA, spirituality (adjusted shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale), excessive television, computer games, and internet use, as well as participation in organized leisure-time activities...
2018: PloS One
Ting Li, Su-Wei Wang, Jing-Jing Zhou, Qing-Zhuo Ren, Yu-Lin Gao
BACKGROUND: The Texas Revised Inventory of Grief-Present Scale (TRIG-Present) is a widely used tool to measure grief. Most existing research related to the assessment and characteristics of grief has been conducted sampling bereaved Western subjects and, as such, limited information is available on the experience of grief in Chinese samples. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to validate the Chinese version of the TRIG-Present (TRIG-Present-C) and explore the predictors of grief among bereaved adults in China...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Donna Ames, Zachary Erickson, Nagy A Youssef, Irina Arnold, Chaplain Sam Adamson, Alexander C Sones, Justin Yin, Kerry Haynes, Fred Volk, Ellen J Teng, John P Oliver, Harold G Koenig
Introduction: There is growing evidence that moral injury (MI) is related to greater suicide risk among Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This study examines the relationship between MI and suicide risk and the moderating effect of religiosity on this relationship in V/ADM with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 570 V/ADM from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms...
June 15, 2018: Military Medicine
Birgit Braun, Christian Weinland, Johannes Kornhuber, Bernd Lenz
Aims: To compare religious denomination, religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness between alcohol-dependent patients and healthy control subjects and to prospectively investigate their relationship to the disorder's 24-month course following in-patient withdrawal treatment. Method: This study in Franconia (a mainly Christian protestant region of southern Germany) applied six questionnaires to evaluate religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness in 166 alcohol-dependent in-patients during withdrawal and compared findings with that of 240 healthy controls...
April 18, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Tamar Shalom, Avichai Shuv-Ami
BACKGROUND: The treatment of advanced dementia patients is very complex and presents a difficult dilemma for physicians, and especially for the patient's family. In many cases, when the advanced dementia patient has no decisional capacity, the family needs to decide about force-feeding and resuscitation for their relative. OBJECTIVES: To examine public opinion regarding force-feeding and resuscitation of patients with advanced dementia. METHODS: Data from 1002 people who accompanied a patient to a hospital emergency department in Israel were collected and analyzed...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
D Ayim-Aboagye, T Gordh
Aims Women show higher frequency of most painful disorders. This is usually explained that endogenous pain modulation pathways, which affect incoming nociceptive signals, act differently in women and men, but psycho-social factors are likelytoinfluence as well. Ghanaian women suffer different disabilities that may lead to severe pain. The hard climatic conditions and the hard physical toil in work exert untold injuries. How do women in Ghana cope with painful disorders, and do they show certain behavioural pattern during diagnosis and treatments? Methods The study used in-depth interviews with health care providers to accomplish its aim...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Davide Lazzeri, Fabio Nicoli
Introduction: George Salting was an art collector, who bequeathed his collection of paintings to the National Gallery of London. The present investigation has revealed five portraits of five different artists belonging to this collection in which the Holy Mother holding the child has been portrayed with a variable grade of thyroid gland enlargement. The name Salting, applied to the Madonnas with child by Antonello da Messina, Robert Campin, Dirk Bouts, Cima da Conegliano, and Andrea del Verrocchio, denotes George Salting, the collector who donated the masterworks to the gallery in 1910...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Laura Orsolini, Michela Ciccarese, Duccio Papanti, Domenico De Berardis, Amira Guirguis, John M Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano
Currently different classes of psychoactive substances are easily available for abuse, including several hundred novel psychoactive substances (NPS). Some of these drugs occur naturally in plants and animals or are chemically modified from plant or animal compounds and have been abused by humans over millennia. Recently, the occurrence of a new "drug culture" (e.g., psychonauts) who consume a great variety of NPS with hallucinogenic/psychedelic properties, facilitated the development of a new "psychedelic trend" toward the consumption of substances contained in some species of animals ("psychedelic fauna")...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Abdallah Rothman, Adrian Coyle
A uniquely Islamic theoretical framework for an Islamic psychology has yet to be established. To do so requires that we understand how human beings are conceptualized within the cosmology that characterizes the Islamic tradition. This paper presents a model of the soul from within an Islamic paradigm, generated through a grounded theory analysis of interviews with 18 key informants with relevant academic or religious expertise. The model elaborates aspects of a mechanism for the development of the soul that constitutes a potential foundation for an Islamic theory of human psychology and has particular relevance for Islamic approaches to psychotherapy...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Rogério R Zimpel, Raquel Gehrke Panzini, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Elizeth Heldt, Gisele Gus Manfro, Marcelo P Fleck, Neusa Sica da Rocha
Few studies have investigated the relationship between spiritual/religious coping (S/R coping) and panic disorder (PD). This Brazilian longitudinal study evaluated if S/R coping and depressive symptoms can predict PD remission and improved quality of life (QoL). There were 101 outpatients with PD who were followed up for 12 to 16 weeks. The prevalence ratio (PR) between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and PD remission was assessed, as well as the association between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and QoL...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Megan Lydon, Monica Longwe, Dyson Likomwa, Victoria Lwesha, Lydia Chimtembo, Pamela Donohue, Tanya Guenther, Bina Valsangar
Background: Despite introduction of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in Malawi over a decade ago, preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Although KMC is initiated in the health care facility, robust community follow-up is critical for survival and optimal development of preterm and low birth weight infants post-discharge. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into community and health worker understanding, attitudes, beliefs and practices around preterm and low birth weight babies and KMC in Malawi...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
Patrick Kishi, Eric vanSonnenberg, Misa Stroker
Blood transfusions in anemic patients frequently are used for critically ill patients as a life-saving therapeutic maneuver. Jehovah's Witness (JW) patients typically refuse blood transfusions due to religious beliefs. Numerous clinical reports, in a wide spectrum of medical specialties, have shown no greater morbidity or mortality in JW patients or others who refused transfusions compared to those patients who accept transfusions. We report our experience with two JW patients who presented with severe anemia and life-threatening pancreatitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sydney Church, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, Abhijit Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large burden of a relative's drinking on their family members, the latter's perspectives and experiences are largely neglected. The aims of this article are to assess the coping strategies used by affected family members (AFMs) in Goa, India, and to examine the nature of the support they have for dealing with their drinking relative. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with adult AFMs selected through purposive and maximum variation sampling...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Cristina Giuliani, Semira Tagliabue, Camillo Regalia
Given the growing number of Muslim immigrants in Western countries, there is a need for research focusing on their psychological well-being and correlates. The present study investigated whether perceived discrimination is associated with depression and satisfaction with migration through the mediating role of several identity dimensions (ethnic, national, and religious) among 204 first and second generation adult Muslim immigrants living in Italy. They participated in structured interviews, and a multi-group path analysis model was conducted using Mplus...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Amy M Burdette, Noah S Webb, Terrence D Hill, Stacy Hoskins Haynes, Jason A Ford
In this article, we use data from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to examine the association between religious involvement and marijuana use for medical and recreational purposes in U.S. adults ( N = 41,517). We also consider whether the association between religious involvement and marijuana use varies according to personal health status. Our results show that adults who attend religious services more frequently and hold more salient religious beliefs tend to exhibit lower rates of medical and recreational marijuana use...
July 2018: Journal of Drug Issues
Alison Searle
The relationship between pain as a physical and emotional experience and the concept of suffering as an essential aspect of sanctification for faithful believers was a paradoxical and pressing theological and phenomenological issue for puritan and non-conformist communities in 17th-century England. Pain allows the paradox of non-conformists' valorisation and suppression of corporeality to be explored due to its simultaneous impact on the mind and body and its tendency to leak across boundaries separating an individual believer from other members of their family or faith community...
June 2018: Medical Humanities
Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Giulia Rinaldi, Hossein Shahnavazi, Hamid Bouraghi, Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global health problem, especially among youth. Suicide is known to be associated with a variety of social, economic, political and religious factors, vary across geographical and cultural regions. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of socioeconomic factors on suicide mortality rate across different regions in Iran. METHODS: The data on distribution of population and socio-economic factors (such as unemployment rate, divorce rate, urbanization rate, average household expenditure etc...
June 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Jae Yoon Park, Chi-Yeon Lim, Gloria Puurveen, Do Yeun Kim, Jae Hang Lee, Han Ho Do, Kyung Soo Kim, Kyung Don Yoo, Hyo Jin Kim, Yunmi Kim, Sung Joon Shin
Completing an advance directive offers individuals the opportunity to make informed choices about end-of-life care. However, these decisions could be influenced in different ways depending on how the information is presented. We randomly presented 185 participants with four distinct types of advance directive: neutrally framed (as reference), negatively framed, religiously framed, and a combination. Participants were asked which interventions they would like to receive at the end of life. Between 60% and 70% of participants responded "accept the special interventions" on the reference form...
January 1, 2018: Omega
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