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Masoume Rambod, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Kate Khair
Spirituality plays an important role in coping with chronic diseases. However, the meaning of spirituality is not known in hemophilia, as a chronic disease. This study aimed to explore the essence of spirituality in hemophilia patients. This qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach was conducted on twelve Muslim adult hemophilia patients. The participants were selected using purposeful sampling. The data were gathered through interview. Then, the data were analyzed using thematic analysis and van Manen's methodological framework...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Nicole Steck, Christoph Junker, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the strong increase in assisted suicides in Switzerland since 2008 is linked to a shift in the socioeconomic factors associated with assisted suicide and its related diagnoses. METHODS: In a population-based longitudinal study, we investigated assisted suicides in Switzerland over the period 2003-2014. Two groups of younger (25-64 years) and older (65-94 years) persons were analysed separately and compared. We calculated crude rates and used Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models to examine associations of assisted dying with gender, marital status, education, religion, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and other variables, and investigated trends over time...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Juan C Meléndez, Encarna Satorres, Rita Redondo, Joaquín Escudero, Alfonso Pitarque
The changes that occur with cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease could affect psychological aspects unrelated to memory. The purpose of this study is to compare 32 healthy older adults, 31 amnestic mild cognitively impaired (aMCI) adults, and 32 patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD), in order to determine whether there are differences in their psychological wellbeing, resilience, and coping strategies. Unifactorial MANOVAS and ANOVAS were performed to analyze the between-group differences...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Alemayehu Yalew, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Zemene Tigabu Kebede
This study was conducted to explore the experiences of community members, particularly mothers, concerning their beliefs about the causes, treatment practices, and preferences for WHO-defined neonatal danger signs in northwest Ethiopia. A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted in three districts of north Gondar Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia, from March 10 to 28, 2016. Twelve focus group discussions were conducted involving 98 individuals. In-depth interviews were conducted with six health extension workers and 30 women who were either pregnant or who delivered in the past 6 months...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Luís Carlos Lopes-Júnior, Gabriela Hernandes de Oliveira, Mariane Tenaglia, Andressa Brunheroto, Paulo José Oliveira Cortez, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that spiritual/religious beliefs are associated with mental health and quality of life. However, so far, no study assessed the relationship between spiritual/religious coping (SRC) and depressive symptoms in family caregivers (FCs) of pediatric cancer patients, particularly in Latin America. This study aimed to investigate whether Positive and Negative SRC strategies are associated with depressive symptoms in FCs of pediatric cancer patients in Brazil...
April 16, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Qinqin Cheng, Xianghua Xu, Xiangyu Liu, Ting Mao, Yongyi Chen
PURPOSE: Spiritual needs are important for many patients with life-limiting illnesses. Knowledge of spiritual needs is a first step to their fulfillment; however, such knowledge is lacking for patients with cancer in mainland China. This study evaluated spiritual needs among patients with cancer in China and analyzed their associations with demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed. A general information questionnaire and a Chinese version of the Spiritual Needs Scale were used to collect information about patients with cancer...
April 16, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Esther Hess
This article considers the meaning and significance of authority, and its relevance to the transference process, within the framework of psychotherapy in the orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Israel. In this community, deeply-rooted habits of obedience to the commandments of the Torah and the authority of the Rabbi are integral to maintaining an orthodox way of life. Clinical vignettes with Haredi patients are presented to illustrate the complexities that arise when both patient and therapist belong to the orthodox community, and highlight the authority-related issues that are central to the therapy...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) promotes conversations about future health care needs, enacted if a person is incapable of making decisions at end-of-life that may be communicated through written documentation such as advance care directives. To meet the needs of multicultural and multifaith populations in Australia, an advance care planning website, ACPTalk, was funded to support health professionals in conducting conversations within diverse religious and cultural populations...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Sachiko Ozawa, Mo Zhou, Chizoba Wonodi, Hui-Han Chen, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Routine childhood immunization coverage has been low in northern Nigeria. While local authorities and international partners have been working hard to improve coverage, population preferences for interventions have not been documented. This study aimed to understand parents' preferences and identify possible interventions to improve uptake of childhood immunization. METHODS: Preferences for immunization interventions were elicited using a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument among parents with children under five...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
Li Cheng Sow, Karmaine Kong, Hongshun Yang
Pork gelatin is not suitable for halal and kosher application; however, fish gelatin (FG) can be modified for use as a pork gelatin (PG) mimetic. Herein, low-acyl gellan (GE), κ-carrageenan (KC), and salts (CaCl2 or KCl) were combined with a 180 Bloom tilapia FG. A formulation comprising 5.925% (w/v) FG + 0.025% (w/v) GE + 3mM CaCl2 best matched the physicochemical properties of PG. The modification increased the FG gel strength from 115 ± 2 to 149 ± 2 g (matching the 148 ± 2 of PG), while the Tm increased from 27...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Bayan Kaddourah, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Mohamad Al-Tannir
Objectives: To identify the perceptions towards spirituality and spiritual care among nurses at tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on nurses at five tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh. The data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS). Results: We recruited 978 nurses, of which 896 (91.6%) were female. The mean SSCRS score was 3.8±0.5 (the spirituality and spiritual care statements fell within the 'agree' category)...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Udita Singh, Saurabh Goel
Context: Identification using DNA has proved its accuracy multiple times in the field of forensic investigations. Investigators usually rely on either teeth or bone as the DNA reservoirs. However, there are instances where the skeletal or dental remains are not available or not preserved properly. Moreover, due to religious beliefs, the family members of the dead do not allow the investigating team to damage the remains for the sole purpose of identification. Aim: To investigate the presence of human DNA in dental calculus and to quantify the amount, if present...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ekaterina Zavershneva, René van der Veer
On the basis of both published and unpublished manuscripts written from 1914 to 1917, this article gives an overview of Lev Vygotsky's early ideas. It turns out that Vygotsky was very much involved in issues of Jewish culture and politics. Rather surprisingly, the young Vygotsky rejected all contemporary ideas to save the Jewish people from discrimination and persecution by creating an autonomous state in Palestine or elsewhere. Instead, until well into 1917, Vygotsky proposed the rather traditional option of strengthening the spiritual roots of the Jews by returning to the religious writings...
February 2018: History of the Human Sciences
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Jeffrey R Vittengl
This study clarified longitudinal relations of spirituality and religiosity with depression. Spirituality's potential emphasis on internal (e.g., intrapsychic search for meaning) versus religiosity's potential emphasis on external (e.g., engagement in socially-sanctioned belief systems) processes may parallel depression-linked cognitive-behavioral phenomena (e.g., rumination and loneliness) conceptually. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that greater spirituality than religiosity, separate from the overall level of spirituality and religiosity, predicts longitudinal increases in depression...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Gursel Ortug, Alpen Ortug, Namik Kemal Kurt
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Ottoman-Turkish medicine was shaped by the influence of Claudius Galenus (c.130-c.210) and Ibn-i Sina (c.980-c.1037). These teachings were performed in madrasahs until the beginning of the 19th century period. Within the scope of master-apprentice relationship, medical training was also given in private clinics. As a result of religious and social pressures on scientific studies human cadavers were never used because they were considered sacred. For centuries, all books were handwritten during the Ottoman Empire until the first printing press was established in Istanbul during 1726...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Antonio Tagarelli, Anna Piro
European people believed that epilepsy was both a sacred and demoniac disease in the pre- and post-Hippocratic Age, and this belief continued into the Christian era. Epilepsy was wrapped in mystery. The present work shows an epileptic treatment using elk (Alces alces) hoof, which was better known among Northern European people, and explains its historical and popular origins that lead to its importance and success within the Official Medicine in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries until its gradual decline as a specific treatment in the subsequent centuries...
April 12, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Richard Smith, Jane Blazeby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Budi Satria, Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Patcharee Komjakraphan
OBJECTIVE: This quasi-experimental, pre-/post-test study aimed to examine the effect of a community-based spiritual life review program on the resilience of elders residing in a disaster-prone area. METHOD: Fifty-two participants who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from three villages in the Kutaraja sub-district in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The participants' names were listed and then randomly selected by a random number generator...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Saloua Berdai Chaouni, Liesbeth De Donder
The number of older Moroccan migrants reaching the age of high risk for dementia is increasing in Belgium. Yet no study has been performed to explore how Moroccan families facing dementia experience and manage the condition. The study employed a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with 12 informal and 13 formal caregivers to answer this research question. Findings indicate that the experience of dementia includes several invisible realities that challenge the informal and formal caregivers: (1) the invisibility of dementia as a condition; (2) the invisible subtleties of the informal care execution; (3) the invisibility and inaccessibility of care services as explanation for these family's non-use of available services; and (4) the overlooking of culture, migration and religion as invisible influencers of the overall dementia experience...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
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