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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036703/spiritual-religious-distress-is-associated-with-pain-catastrophizing-and-interference-in-veterans-with-chronic-pain
#1
J Irene Harris, Timothy Usset, Laura Krause, Damien Schill, Berdette Reuer, Rhonda Donahue, Crystal L Park
Objective: Few studies have examined relations between one important aspect of spiritual/religious functioning-spiritual distress-and pain-related outcomes, and none has examined how spiritual distress and depression conjointly relate to chronic pain. The goal of the present study, then, was to examine veterans' spiritual distress as a predictor of two aspects of chronic pain, catastrophizing and interference, testing a mediational model of depression. Design: Four hundred thirty-six patients seeking treatment in a chronic pain management clinic responded to a mailed survey assessing demographics, spiritual distress, depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain interference...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035301/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Najlaa Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore participants' knowledge about vitamin D and attitudes toward sun exposure. The study also aimed to explore the social and cultural factors that might potentially contribute to vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah between May and October 2015. The interview questions were semi-structured, and the data was analyzed using thematic analysis...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035063/religious-anti-gay-prejudice-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-abuse-and-substance-use
#3
Babucarr J Sowe, Alan J Taylor, Jac Brown
Anti-gay, or homonegative, prejudice is generally considered harmful to the wellbeing of sexual minority individuals. However, the origins or nature of such prejudice may vary. Despite a sizable body of literature suggesting homonegative prejudice is frequently religious-based, the psychological impact of exposure to religious anti-gay prejudice remains largely undetermined. Addressing this research gap, the authors examined whether opposition to same-sex sexuality on religious grounds predicted detrimental outcomes among same- and both-sex attracted individuals, as well as their heterosexual counterparts...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#4
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034717/treatment-seeking-for-problematic-pornography-use-among-women
#5
Karol Lewczuk, Joanna Szmyd, Maciej Skorko, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Previous studies examined psychological factors related to treatment seeking for problematic pornography use (PU) among males. In this study, we focused on females who seek treatment for problematic PU and compared them with non-problematic pornography users with regard to variables related to problematic PU. Second, we investigated the relationships between critical constructs related to problematic PU with the path analysis method, emphasizing the predictors for treatment seeking among women...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034665/-the-origin-of-ebola-biomedical-approach-versus-popular-interpretations-in-macenta-guinea
#6
Séverine Thys, Marleen Boelaert
In December 2013, a two-year-old child died from viral haemorrhagic fever in Méliandou village in the South-East of Guinea, and constituted the likely index case of a major epidemic. When the virus was formally identified as Ebola, epidemiologists started to investigate the chains of transmission, while local people were trying to make sense out of these deaths. The epidemic control measures taken by national and international health agencies were soon faced by strong reluctance and a sometimes aggressive attitude of the affected communities...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034575/life-after-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-literature-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-post-treatment-experiences-of-black-african-and-black-caribbean-men
#7
REVIEW
O Bamidele, H McGarvey, B M Lagan, N Ali, F Chinegwundoh Mbe, K Parahoo, E McCaughan
Evidence shows that there are significant ethnic variations in prostate cancer prevalence and outcomes. Specifically, Black African and Black Caribbean men may encounter different post-treatment experiences than Caucasian men due to their disproportionately higher risk of being diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer. But to date, no review of these experiences has been undertaken. This review synthesised findings from existing literature on the post-treatment experiences of Black African and Black Caribbean men with prostate cancer and identified pertinent issues which may be useful to inform practice and future research...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033990/investigating-the-relation-between-women-s-body-image-and-unconsummated-marriage
#8
Sara Hosseini, Mahnaz Noroozi, Gita Montazery
BACKGROUND: Unconsummated marriage is considered to be one of the complicated sexual issues that lead to multiple complications and problems for couples as well as the society. It is thought that this disorder is more common in traditional cultures and some religions such as Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between women's body image and unconsummated marriage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study which was conducted among 50 women who had an unconsummated marriage (case group) and 100 women who had a consummated marriage (control group) in Isfahan, Iran during 2015-2016...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033462/acculturative-stress-psychological-distress-and-religious-coping-among-latina-young-adult-immigrants
#9
Nicole Da Silva, Frank R Dillon, Toni Rose Verdejo, Mariana Sanchez, Mario De La Rosa
Religion is a source of strength in Latina/o culture during challenging life transitions, such as the immigration process. Guided by a sociological stress-process model, this study examines relations between dimensions of religious coping, acculturative stress, and psychological distress among 530 young Latina women (ages 18-23 years) who recently immigrated to the United States (i.e., approximately 12 months prior to assessment). Higher levels of acculturative stress were associated with higher levels of psychological distress...
February 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033267/palliative-care-in-interstitial-lung-disease-living-well
#10
REVIEW
Michael Kreuter, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Anne-Marie Russell, Sabrina Bajwah, Kathleen Lindell, Yochai Adir, Crystal E Brown, Greg Calligaro, Nicola Cassidy, Tamera J Corte, Klaus Geissler, Azza Adel Hassan, Kerri A Johannson, Ronaldo Kairalla, Martin Kolb, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Sylvia Quadrelli, Jeff Swigris, Zarir Udwadia, Athol Wells, Marlies Wijsenbeek
Progressive fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are characterised by major reductions in quality of life and survival and have similarities to certain malignancies. However, palliative care expertise is conspicuously inaccessible to many patients with ILD. Unmet patient and caregiver needs include effective pharmacological and psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life throughout the disease course, sensitive advanced care planning, and timely patient-centred end-of-life care. The incorrect perception that palliative care is synonymous with end-of-life care, with no role earlier in the course of ILD, has created a culture of neglect...
October 12, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033063/factor-analysis-of-symptom-profile-in-early-onset-and-late-onset-ocd
#11
Sandeep Grover, Siddharth Sarkar, Gourav Gupta, Natasha Kate, Abhishek Ghosh, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
This study aimed to assess the factor structure of early and late onset OCD. Additionally, cluster analysis was conducted in the same sample to assess the applicability of the factors. 345 participants were assessed with Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale symptom checklist. Patients were classified as early onset (onset of symptoms at age ≤ 18 years) and late onset (onset at age > 18 years) OCD depending upon the age of onset of the symptoms. Factor analysis and cluster analysis of early-onset and late-onset OCD was conducted...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031691/understanding-vaccine-hesitancy-in-polio-eradication-in-northern-nigeria
#12
Sebastian Taylor, Mahmud Khan, Ado Muhammad, Okey Akpala, Marit van Strien, Chris Morry, Warren Feek, Ellyn Ogden
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy constitutes a major threat to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), and to further expansion of routine immunisation. Understanding hesitancy, leading in some cases to refusal, is vital to the success of GPEI. Re-emergence of circulating wild poliovirus in northern Nigeria in mid-2016, after 24months polio-free, gives urgency to this. But it is equally important to protect and sustain the global gains available through routine immunisation in a time of rising scepticism and potential rejection of specific vaccines or immunisation more generally...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031381/-adolescent-vulnerabilities-and-radicalisation
#13
Adrien Lenjalley, Rahmeth Radjack, Maude Ludot, Fatima Touhami, Marie Rose Moro
Radicalisation resonates with the psychological vulnerabilities of adolescents. The ups and downs encountered as they attempt to construct their identity and their need to dominate favour the destructive nature of young people lacking a sense of filiation and belonging. An adolescent's engagement corresponds to a search for limits, with an adherence to religious values and to a group to establish self-esteem. Subjectification, authorising the adolescent to separate themselves from their parents and their values through a period of crisis must be supported...
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031380/-remaining-a-caregiver-in-the-face-of-radicalised-patients
#14
Hélène Romano
Caregivers care for patients of all cultural and religious origins. However, the current context of terrorist threat raises specific questions due to the government's appeals to help spot radicalised patients or those in the process of becoming so. These fundamental questions are related to professional secrecy and the ethics of care.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030208/addressing-a-patient-s-hope-for-a-miracle
#15
Myrick C Shinall, Devan Stahl, Trevor M Bibler
Ill patients may make decisions to continue aggressive life-prolonging care based on hope for a miraculous recovery, and clinicians can find goals of care discussions with these patients extremely challenging. Thus, palliative care providers may be asked to help in these discussions. The concept of "miracle" can express a multitude of hopes, fears, and religious commitments. Effective, sensitive engagement requires the palliative care provider to attend to these variegated hopes, fears, and commitments. This case presents a typology of ways patients express hope for a miracle along with analysis of the motivations and beliefs underlying such hopes and suggestions for tailored responses by palliative care providers...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027769/moral-exemptions-and-accommodations-for-coverage-of-certain-preventive-services-under-the-affordable-care-act-interim-final-rules-with-request-for-comments
#16
(no author information available yet)
The United States has a long history of providing conscience protections in the regulation of health care for entities and individuals with objections based on religious beliefs or moral convictions. These interim final rules expand exemptions to protect moral convictions for certain entities and individuals whose health plans are subject to a mandate of contraceptive coverage through guidance issued pursuant to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. These rules do not alter the discretion of the Health Resources and Services Administration, a component of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, to maintain the guidelines requiring contraceptive coverage where no regulatorily recognized objection exists...
October 13, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027768/religious-exemptions-and-accommodations-for-coverage-of-certain-preventive-services-under-the-affordable-care-act-interim-final-rules-with-request-for-comments
#17
(no author information available yet)
The United States has a long history of providing conscience protections in the regulation of health care for entities and individuals with objections based on religious beliefs and moral convictions. These interim final rules expand exemptions to protect religious beliefs for certain entities and individuals whose health plans are subject to a mandate of contraceptive coverage through guidance issued pursuant to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. These rules do not alter the discretion of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), a component of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to maintain the guidelines requiring contraceptive coverage where no regulatorily recognized objection exists...
October 13, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027671/ethical-challenges-of-personal-disclosure-in-gaining-entry-with-religious-congregations
#18
Nathan R Todd
This is a story about learning how to navigate my social identities as a non-religious gay man attempting to conduct data-based consultation with a religious congregation. Beyond my own growth in knowing myself better, this story speaks to the larger ethical challenge of how we build trust in community relationships, and in particular how much of our personal selves we need to disclose in the process of an individual or group deciding to work with us. Individuals and groups make decisions to work with us based on who they perceive us to be; thus, what is our ethical obligation to disclose aspects of who we are to promote full informed consent? To illustrate this ethical challenge of personal disclosure, I tell the story of discussions I had with three different religious leaders and a congregational committee about potentially working together...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026793/sexual-function-mental-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-kurdish-circumcised-women-in-iran
#19
Farzaneh Daneshkhah, Hamid Allahverdipour, Leila Jahangiri, Tatiana Andreeva
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation is an intentional inhumane procedure that threatens girls and women's health. It is especially widespread in developing countries due to cultural, traditional and religious preferences. The aim of the current study was to investigate how circumcision affects women's sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban and rural area of Piranshahr County, Iran, in 2015 among convenience samples of 200 women, 15-49 yr old, who were applying to health care centers for receiving routine health care services...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026503/content-analysis-of-the-concept-of-addiction-in-high-school-textbooks-of-iran
#20
Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi, Omid Massah, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks. METHODS: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing the content of textbooks. The study population comprised 61 secondary school curriculum textbooks and study sample consisted of 14 secondary school textbooks selected by purposeful sampling method...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
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