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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214730/risk-aversion-and-religious-behaviour-analysis-using-a-sample-of-danish-twins
#1
Jytte Seested Nielsen, Mickael Bech, Kaare Christensen, Astrid Kiil, Niels Christian Hvidt
Economics offers an analytical framework to consider human behaviour including religious behaviour. Within the realm of Expected Utility Theory, religious belief and activity could be interpreted as an insurance both for current life events and for afterlife rewards. Based on that framework, we would expect that risk averse individuals would demand a more generous protection plan which they may do by devoting more effort and resources into religious activities such as church attendance and prayer, which seems to be in accordance with previous empirical results...
February 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214094/educating-religious-leaders-to-create-demand-for-medical-male-circumcision
#2
Nelson K Sewankambo, David K Mafigiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214093/educating-religious-leaders-to-promote-uptake-of-male-circumcision-in-tanzania-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#3
Jennifer A Downs, Agrey H Mwakisole, Alphonce B Chandika, Shibide Lugoba, Rehema Kassim, Evarist Laizer, Kinanga A Magambo, Myung Hee Lee, Samuel E Kalluvya, David J Downs, Daniel W Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision is being widely deployed as an HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV incidence, but its uptake in sub-Saharan Africa has been below targets. We did a study to establish whether educating religious leaders about male circumcision would increase uptake in their village. METHODS: In this cluster randomised trial in northwest Tanzania, eligible villages were paired by proximity (<60 km) and the time that a free male circumcision outreach campaign from the Tanzanian Ministry of Health became available in their village...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213630/religious-coping-with-sexual-stigma-in-young-adults-with-same-sex-attractions
#4
Shauna K Lauricella, Russell E Phillips, Eric F Dubow
The present study assessed religious coping with sexual stigma in 260 young adults with same-sex attractions. Although the majority of the sample rarely utilized religious coping, a significant minority of participants frequently turned to religion to deal with sexual stigma. Controlling for demographic and general religious variables, positive religious coping (e.g., connecting with God) was associated with beneficial outcomes, and negative religious coping (e.g., frustrations with one's spiritual community) related to poorer adjustment to sexual stigma...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212642/beyond-cultural-stereotyping-views-on-end-of-life-decision-making-among-religious-and-secular-persons-in-the-usa-germany-and-israel
#5
Mark Schweda, Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz, Anita Silvers
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decision making constitutes a major challenge for bioethical deliberation and political governance in modern democracies: On the one hand, it touches upon fundamental convictions about life, death, and the human condition. On the other, it is deeply rooted in religious traditions and historical experiences and thus shows great socio-cultural diversity. The bioethical discussion of such cultural issues oscillates between liberal individualism and cultural stereotyping...
February 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#6
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#7
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205256/quality-of-life-coping-strategies-social-support-and-self-efficacy-in-women-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-mixed-methods-approach
#8
G Fuochi, C Foà
BACKGROUND: Quality of life, coping strategies, social support and self-efficacy are important psychosocial variables strongly affecting the experience of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in women. AIMS: To gain a more in-depth understanding of how coping strategies, self-efficacy, quality of life and social support shape women's adjustment to AMI. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. Quantitative data were collected through a standardised questionnaire on coping strategies, self-efficacy, quality of life and social support...
February 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204980/interfaith-spiritual-care-a-systematic-review
#9
Anke I Liefbroer, Erik Olsman, R Ruard Ganzevoort, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin
Although knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients' religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies published after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202925/public-health-aspects-of-the-world-s-largest-mass-gathering-the-2013-kumbh-mela-in-allahabad-india
#10
Satchit Balsari, P Gregg Greenough, Dhruv Kazi, Aaron Heerboth, Shraddha Dwivedi, Jennifer Leaning
India's Kumbh Mela remains the world's largest and longest mass gathering. The 2013 event, where participants undertook a ritual bath, hosted over 70 million Hindu pilgrims during 55 days on a 1936 hectare flood plain at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganga Rivers. On the holiest bathing days, the population surged. Unlike other religious, cultural, and sports mass gatherings, the Kumbh Mela's administration cannot estimate or limit the participant number. The event created serious and uncommon public health challenges: initiating crowd safety measures where population density and mobility directly contact flowing bodies of water; providing water, sanitation, and hygiene to a population that frequently defecates in the open; and establishing disease surveillance and resource use measures within a temporary health delivery system...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202159/positive-and-negative-contact-and-attitudes-towards-the-religious-out-group-testing-the-contact-hypothesis-in-conflict-and-non-conflict-regions-of-indonesia-and-the-philippines
#11
Agnieszka Kanas, Peer Scheepers, Carl Sterkens
This study examines the relationship between interreligious contact and negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. It uses unique survey data collected by the authors among Christian and Muslim students in Maluku and Yogyakarta (Indonesia) and Mindanao and Metro Manila (the Philippines). Even after taking self-selection effects into account, interreligious friendships reduce negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. However, casual interreligious contact increases negative out-group attitudes...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202158/conservative-protestantism-and-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment-1986-2014
#12
John P Hoffmann, Christopher G Ellison, John P Bartkowski
Research indicates that conservative Protestants are highly supportive of corporal punishment. Yet, Americans' support for this practice has waned during the past several decades. This study aggregates repeated cross-sectional data from the General Social Surveys (GSS) to consider three models that address whether attitudes toward spanking among conservative Protestants shifted relative to those of other Americans from 1986 to 2014. Although initial results reveal a growing gap between conservative Protestants and the broader American public, we find that average levels of support have remained most robust among less educated conservative Protestants, with some erosion among more highly educated conservative Protestants...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202151/when-contact-counts-intergroup-contact-on-business-and-intermarriage-resistance-in-the-caucasus-region
#13
Benjamin T Gurrentz, Roger Finke
Intergroup contact theory has been empirically supported in a variety of social contexts, but few samples have been drawn from rapidly developing nations undergoing severe political and sociocultural conflict. Using 2012 Caucasus Barometer data from the three nations of the South Caucasus - Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia - we test the effect of interreligious contact on various forms of out-group resistance in a region of the world that is both historically and presently marked with severe religious and ethnic conflict...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#15
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#16
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198954/intimate-partner-violence-among-speaking-immigrant-adult-portuguese-women-in-canada
#17
Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Sepali Guruge, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Shaindel Egit, Linda Knowles
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand the experiences of intimate partner violence among women from Portuguese-speaking countries living in the Greater Toronto Area. METHOD: A social phenomenological study was conducted with ten Portuguese-speaking women who had experienced intimate partner violence who were selected by community centre leaders. The interviews were transcribed, translated and analysed by categories. RESULTS: The consequences of violence included health problems, effects on children, and negative feelings among the victims...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198548/phylogenetic-characterization-of-circulating-dengue-and-alkhumra-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-in-western-saudi-arabia-and-lack-of-evidence-of-zika-virus-in-the-region-a-retrospective-study-2010-2015
#18
Moneerah S Al-Saeed, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Suha A Farraj, Tagreed L Al-Subhi, Norah A Othman, Arwa Alsultan, Huda G Ben Helaby, Mustafa M Alshawdari, Ahmed M Hassan, Remi N Charrel, Esam I Azhar, Anwar M Hashem
Flaviviruses represent a global public health concern. They consist of ∼70 viruses with almost half of them causing human diseases with unspecified febrile illnesses. Cities in western Saudi Arabia are endemic for viruses (DENV) with sporadic infections due to Alkhumra hemorrhagic fever virus (AHFV). They also represent a major destination for travelers coming for annual religious pilgrimages (Hajj and Umrah) from all over the world. However, whether other flaviviruses are circulating is not known because of the limited number of surveillance studies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197930/religious-coping-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-and-well-being-among-somali-college-students
#19
Eunice M Areba, Laura Duckett, Cheryl Robertson, Kay Savik
This study examined the associations between positive and negative religious coping, symptoms of depression and anxiety, physical and emotional well-being among Somali college students in Minnesota. In this online cross-sectional survey study, 156 participants (ages 18-21, M = 21, SD = 2.3) were recruited. Participants reported using more positive religious coping methods. Negative religious coping was associated with an increase in symptoms of both depression (b = .06, p = .003) and anxiety (b = ...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197009/jainism-its-relevance-to-psychiatric-practice-with-special-reference-to-the-practice-of-sallekhana
#20
Ottilingam Somasundaram, A G Tejus Murthy, D Vijaya Raghavan
Jainism is one of the oldest religions of India. Since the founding of the religion, Jainism has given prominence to Sallekhana, death by ritual fasting facing north, as exemplified in the deaths of Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta Maurya. The controversy whether this religious form of starvation is related to suicide is debated since the time of the early Jain teachers. History is replete with instances where kings and warriors who have failed in their duty punish themselves for their sin and welcome death as expiation...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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