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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227205/low-frequency-ultrasound-radiosensitization-and-therapy-response-monitoring-of-tumors-an-in-vivo-study
#1
Ali Sadeghi-Naini, Martin Stanisz, Hadi Tadayyon, Jaswinder Taank, Gregory J Czarnota, Ali Sadeghi-Naini, Martin Stanisz, Hadi Tadayyon, Jaswinder Taank, Gregory J Czarnota, Jaswinder Taank, Hadi Tadayyon, Martin Stanisz, Ali Sadeghi-Naini, Gregory J Czarnota
A new framework has been introduced in this paper for tumor radiosensitization and therapy response monitoring using low-frequency ultrasound. Human fibrosarcoma xenografts grown in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice (n = 108) were treated using ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles at various concentration and exposed to different doses of radiation. Low-frequency ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) data were acquired from tumors prior to and at different times after treatment. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) techniques were applied to generate spectral parametric maps of tumors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217991/simultaneous-formation-and-spatial-patterning-of-zno-on-ito-surfaces-by-local-laser-induced-generation-of-microbubbles-in-aqueous-solutions-of-zn-nh3-4-2
#2
Sho Fujii, Ryuta Fukano, Yoshihito Hayami, Hiroaki Ozawa, Eiro Muneyuki, Noboru Kitamura, Masa-Aki Haga
We demonstrate the simultaneous formation and spatial patterning of ZnO nanocrystals on an indium-tin oxide (ITO) surface upon local heating using a laser (1064 nm) and subsequent formation of microbubbles. Laser irradiation of an ITO surface in aqueous [Zn(NH3)4](2+) solution (1.0 × 10(-2) M at pH = 12.0) under an optical microscope produced ZnO nanocrystals, the presence of which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis and Raman microspectroscopy. Scanning the focused laser beam over the ITO surface generated a spatial ZnO pattern (height: ~60 nm, width: ~1 m) in the absence of a template or mask...
February 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214036/impact-of-filling-gas-on-subharmonic-emissions-of-phospholipid-ultrasound-contrast-agents
#3
Emma Kanbar, Damien Fouan, Charles A Sennoga, Alexander A Doinikov, Ayache Bouakaz
Subharmonic signals backscattered from gas-filled lipid-shelled microbubbles have generated significant research interest because they can improve the detection and sensitivity of contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging. However, the emission of subharmonic signals is strongly characterized by a temporal dependence, the origins of which have not been sufficiently elucidated. The features that influence subharmonic emissions need to be identified not only to better develop next-generation microbubble contrast agents, but also to develop more efficient subharmonic imaging (SHI) modes and therapeutic strategies...
February 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213832/dynamic-fluorescence-microscopy-of-cellular-uptake-of-intercalating-model-drugs-by-ultrasound-activated-microbubbles
#4
B H A Lammertink, R Deckers, M Derieppe, I De Cock, I Lentacker, G Storm, C T W Moonen, C Bos
PURPOSE: The combination of ultrasound and microbubbles can facilitate cellular uptake of (model) drugs via transient permeabilization of the cell membrane. By using fluorescent molecules, this process can be studied conveniently with confocal fluorescence microscopy. This study aimed to investigate the relation between cellular uptake and fluorescence intensity increase of intercalating model drugs. PROCEDURES: SYTOX Green, an intercalating fluorescent dye that displays >500-fold fluorescence enhancement upon binding to nucleic acids, was used as a model drug for ultrasound-induced cellular uptake...
February 17, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210085/macro-and-microcirculation-patterns-of-intrahepatic-blood-flow-changes-in-patients-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#5
Roland C Schelker, Ana P Barreiros, Christina Hart, Wolfgang Herr, Ernst-Michael Jung
AIM: To evaluated vascular dynamic processes in the liver of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients by ultrasound (US) considering quantitative analytic methods. METHODS: The imaging features on US and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in 18 patients diagnosed with HHT were retrospectively analyzed. Regarding CEUS, real-time contrast harmonic imaging and sulfur hexafluoride-filled microbubbles were used. RESULTS: HVaMs were identified in all 18 patients...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195290/microbubbles-trigger-oscillation-of-crystal-size-in-solids
#6
Anna Kollath, Nadzeya Brezhneva, Ekaterina V Skorb, Daria V Andreeva
An understanding of the nature and conditions of nonlinear processes in open systems is important for modulation of the microstructure of solids at a new level of complexity. We demonstrate that cavitation generated by high intensity ultrasound (HIUS) triggers nonlinear processes in microparticles and layers of titanium. We reveal a non-monotonic dependence of the size of grains in the treated solids on sonication time, and oscillation of titanium grain sizes vs. time of ultrasonic treatment, indicating the influence of two opposing forces: cavitation driven impact of shock heating and shear stress on surfaces...
February 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190622/effect-of-carbon-dioxide-on-the-twinkling-artifact-in-ultrasound-imaging-of-kidney-stones-a-pilot-study
#7
Julianna C Simon, Yak-Nam Wang, Bryan W Cunitz, Jeffrey Thiel, Frank Starr, Ziyue Liu, Michael R Bailey
Bone demineralization, dehydration and stasis put astronauts at increased risk of forming kidney stones in space. The color-Doppler ultrasound "twinkling artifact," which highlights kidney stones with color, can make stones readily detectable with ultrasound; however, our previous results suggest twinkling is caused by microbubbles on the stone surface which could be affected by the elevated levels of carbon dioxide found on space vehicles. Four pigs were implanted with kidney stones and imaged with ultrasound while the anesthetic carrier gas oscillated between oxygen and air containing 0...
February 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188323/contrast-echocardiography-for-detection-of-myocardial-perfusion-abnormalities-a%C3%A2-clinical-perspective
#8
N Karogiannis, R Senior
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a well-established imaging technique in the assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. The use of ultrasound contrast agents has optimized the evaluation of left ventricular function and, moreover, permits simultaneous assessment of the myocardial perfusion. This technique utilizes microbubbles that remain in the intravascular space and the contrast intensity reflects the concentration of the microbubbles in the myocardium. A homogeneous opacification of the myocardium after destruction of the microbubbles during high-power imaging is regarded as normal perfusion and absence of CAD...
February 10, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187534/retraction-note-rituximab-conjugated-doxorubicin-loaded-microbubbles-as-a-theranostic-modality-in-b-cell-lymphoma
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184161/low-intensity-focused-ultrasound-lifu-induced-acoustic-droplet-vaporization-in-phase-transition-perfluoropentane-nanodroplets-modified-by-folate-for-ultrasound-molecular-imaging
#10
Jianxin Liu, Tingting Shang, Fengjuan Wang, Yang Cao, Lan Hao, JianLi Ren, Haitao Ran, Zhigang Wang, Pan Li, Zhiyu Du
The commonly used ultrasound (US) molecular probes, such as targeted microbubbles and perfluorocarbon emulsions, present a number of inherent problems including the conflict between US visualization and particle penetration. This study describes the successful fabrication of phase changeable folate-targeted perfluoropentane nanodroplets (termed FA-NDs), a novel US molecular probe for tumor molecular imaging with US. Notably, these FA-NDs can be triggered by low-intensity focused US (LIFU) sonication, providing excellent US enhancement in B-mode and contrast-enhanced US mode in vitro...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174191/augmentation-of-muscle-blood-flow-by-ultrasound-cavitation-is-mediated-by-atp-and-purinergic-signaling
#11
J Todd Belcik, Brian P Davidson, Aris Xie, Melinda D Wu, Mrinal Yadava, Yue Qi, Sherry Liang, Chae Ryung Chon, Azzdine Y Ammi, Joshua Field, Leanne Harmann, William M Chilian, Joel Linden, Jonathan R Lindner
BACKGROUND: - Augmentation of tissue blood flow by therapeutic ultrasound is thought to rely on convective shear. Microbubble contrast agents that undergo ultrasound-mediated cavitation markedly amplify these effects. We hypothesized that purinergic signalling is responsible for shear-dependent increases in muscle perfusion during therapeutic cavitation. METHODS: -Unilateral exposure of the proximal hindlimb of mice (with or without ischemia produced by iliac ligation) to therapeutic ultrasound (1...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174168/cardiac-overexpression-of-s100a6-attenuates-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-reduces-infarct-size-after-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion
#12
Azadeh Mofid, Nadav S Newman, Paul J H Lee, Cynthia Abbasi, Pratiek N Matkar, Dmitriy Rudenko, Michael A Kuliszewski, Hao H Chen, Kolsoom Afrasiabi, James N Tsoporis, Anthony O Gramolini, Kim A Connelly, Thomas G Parker, Howard Leong-Poi
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte-specific transgenic mice overexpressing S100A6, a member of the family of EF-hand calcium-binding proteins, develop less cardiac hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and myocyte apoptosis after permanent coronary ligation, findings that support S100A6 as a potential therapeutic target after acute myocardial infarction. Our purpose was to investigate S100A6 gene therapy for acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We first performed in vitro studies to examine the effects of S100A6 overexpression and knockdown in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173725/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-using-sulfur-hexafluoride-is-safe-in-the-pediatric-setting
#13
Alvaro Torres, Seppo K Koskinen, Henrik Gjertsen, Björn Fischler
Background Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) by using sulfur hexafluoride microbubbles is not licensed for use in children, but its off-label use is widespread. Purpose To outline our experience with the off-label use of CEUS in children, specifically with regards to safety. Material and Methods We retrieved all records of 10681 patients aged under 18 years who underwent abdominal ultrasound (US) January 2004 to December 2014. We then identified those who underwent an abdominal CEUS using sulfur hexafluoride microbubbles...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167316/subwavelength-motion-correction-for-ultrafast-ultrasound-localization-microscopy
#14
Vincent Hingot, Claudia Errico, Mickael Tanter, Olivier Couture
Ultrafast Ultrasound Localization Microscopy uses microbubbles that are individually localized with a resolution below 10μm. Positions of the microbubbles are accumulated to create a super resolution image, which bypass the diffraction-limit of spatial resolution. However, microbubbles localization is affected by physiological motions at the micrometric scale. Here, we demonstrate a phase correlation method for rigid motion correction. Spatiotemporal filters extract tissue dominated images, which are tracked to correct linear motions and improve the precision of microbubbles' localization, improving the quality of the image...
January 18, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165246/ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-angiogenesis-using-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-conjugated-microbubbles
#15
Jianjun Wang, Bin Qin, Xucai Chen, William R Wagner, Flordeliza S Villanueva
Imaging of angiogenesis receptors could provide a sensitive and clinically useful method for detecting neovascularization such as occurs in malignant tumors, and responses to antiangiogenic therapies for such tumors. We tested the hypothesis that microbubbles (MB) tagged with human VEGF121 (MBVEGF) bind to the kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) in vitro and angiogenic endothelium in vivo, and that this specific binding can be imaged on a clinical ultrasound system. In this work, targeted adhesion of MBVEGF was evaluated in vitro using a parallel plate flow system containing adsorbed recombinant human KDR...
February 15, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160261/imaging-of-the-ulcerated-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Vasileios Rafailidis, Ioannis Chryssogonidis, Thomas Tegos, Konstantinos Kouskouras, Afroditi Charitanti-Kouridou
: Carotid atherosclerotic disease constitutes a major modern health problem whose diagnosis primarily relies on imaging. Grading of stenosis has been long used as the main factor for risk stratification and guiding of management. Nevertheless, increasing evidence has shown that additional plaque characteristics such as plaque composition and surface morphology play an important role in the occurrence of symptoms, justifying the term "vulnerable plaque". Carotid plaque surface characteristics either in the form of surface irregularities or ulceration represent an important factor of vulnerability and are associated with the occurrence of neurologic symptoms...
February 3, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159329/new-horizons-for-focused-ultrasound-fus-therapeutic-applications-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#17
Diane B Miller, James P O'Callaghan
Access to the CNS and delivery of therapeutics across the blood-brain barrier remains a challenge for most treatments of major neurological diseases such as AD or PD. Focused ultrasound represents a potential approach for overcoming these barriers to treating AD and PD and perhaps other neurological diseases. Ultrasound (US) is best known for its imaging capabilities of organs in the periphery, but various arrangements of the transducers producing the acoustic signal allow the energy to be precisely focused (F) within the skull...
January 11, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158014/tunable-erbium-doped-microbubble-laser-fabricated-by-sol-gel-coating
#18
Yong Yang, Fuchuan Lei, Sho Kasumie, Linhua Xu, Jonathan M Ward, Lan Yang, Síle Nic Chormaic
In this work, we show that the application of a sol-gel coating renders a microbubble whispering gallery resonator into an active device. During the fabrication of the resonator, a thin layer of erbium-doped sol-gel is applied to a tapered microcapillary, then a microbubble with a wall thickness of 1.3 μm is formed with the rare earth ions diffused into its wall. The doped microbubble is pumped at 980 nm and lases in the emission band of the Er<sup>3+</sup> ions at 1535 nm. The laser wavelength can be shifted by aerostatic pressure tuning of the whispering gallery modes of the microbubble...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144402/impact-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-patients-with-renal-function-impairment
#19
Rossano Girometti, Tiziano Stocca, Elena Serena, Antonio Granata, Michele Bertolotto
AIM: To investigate the role of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating patients with renal function impairment (RFI) showing: (1) acute renal failure (ARF) of suspicious vascular origin; or (2) suspicious renal lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients addressed to CEUS over an eight years period to rule-out vascular causes of ARF (first group of 50 subjects) or assess previously found suspicious renal lesions (second group of 41 subjects with acute or chronic RFI)...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141517/computer-aided-diagnosis-of-focal-liver-lesions-using-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-with-perflubutane-microbubbles
#20
Satoshi Kondo, Kazuya Takagi, Mutsumi Nishida, Takahito Iwai, Yusuke Kudo, Kouji Ogawa, Toshiya Kamiyama, Hitoshi Shibuya, Kaoru Kahata, Chikara Shimizu
This study proposes an automatic classification method based on machine learning in contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) of focal liver lesions (FLLs) using the contrast agent Sonazoid R ⃝ . This method yields spatial and temporal features in the arterial phase, portal phase, and post-vascular phase, as well as max-hold images. The lesions are classified as benign or malignant and again as benign, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), or metastatic liver tumor using support vector machines (SVM) with a combination of selected optimal features...
January 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
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