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Dirk van den Brand, Vicky Mertens, Leon F A G Massuger, Roland Brock
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, and the sixth leading cause of cancer related death in women overall. Despite improved surgical techniques and advances in chemotherapy, mortality hardly decreased over the last twenty years. The major problem is that (micro)metastases persevere in the abdominal cavity, causing incurable tumor recurrence. Therefore, there is an imminent need for new therapeutic strategies. Oligonucleotide (ON) based therapies such as RNA interference (RNAi) provide the possibility to specifically address disease-related pathways...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Julia Mariglia, Shadab Momin, Imogen R Coe, Raffi Karshafian
Ultrasonically-stimulated microbubbles enhance the therapeutic effects of various chemotherapy drugs. However, the application of ultrasound and microbubbles (USMB) for enhancing the therapeutic effect of nucleoside analogs, which are used as front-line treatments in a range of cancers, and its underlying mechanism is not well understood. This study investigated the effect of gemcitabine, a nucleoside analog drug, in combination with USMB in increasing cell cytotoxicity relative to either treatment alone in BxPC3 pancreatic cancer cells...
May 5, 2018: Ultrasonics
Alexandre Lima, Tom van Rooij, Bulent Ergin, Michele Sorelli, Yasin Ince, Patricia A C Specht, Egbert G Mik, Leonardo Bocchi, Klazina Kooiman, Nico de Jong, Can Ince
OBJECTIVES: We developed quantitative methods to analyze microbubble kinetics based on renal contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging combined with measurements of sublingual microcirculation on a fixed area to quantify early microvascular alterations in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. DESIGN: Prospective controlled animal experiment study. SETTING: Hospital-affiliated animal research institution. SUBJECTS: Fifteen female pigs...
May 15, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
I Wiesinger, L P Beyer, N Zausig, N Verloh, P Wiggermann, C Stroszczynski, E M Jung
BACKGROUND:  With the rising number of percutaneous ablation therapies in malignant liver lesions there is a need of reliable diagnostics after the intervention to differentiate between reactive changes and tumor. PURPOSE: To assess the success of percutaneous ablation therapies for malignant liver lesions using CEUS with perfusion analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of perfusion analysis for 67 patients with 94 malignant liver lesions, treated with ablation therapies...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Ranran Zhao, Xiaolong Liang, Bo Zhao, Min Chen, Renfa Liu, Sujuan Sun, Xiuli Yue, Shumin Wang
To improve the non-invasive therapeutic efficacy for ER positive breast cancer (ER+ BC), we fabricated a multifunctional FOXA1 loaded porphyrin microbubble to combine photodynamic therapy (PDT) and gene therapy of FOXA1 knockdown (KD) with ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) technology under the guidance of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Cationic porphyrin microbubbles (CpMBs) were firstly fabricated from a porphyrin grafted lipid with two cationic amino groups (PGL-NH2) and fluorocarbon inert gas of C3 F8 ...
May 3, 2018: Biomaterials
Sayan Mullick Chowdhury, Taehwa Lee, Sunitha V Bachawal, Rammohan Devulapally, Lotfi Abou-Elkacem, Tristan Alan Yeung, Jennifer Wischhusen, Lu Tian, Jeremy Dahl, Ramasamy Paulmurugan, Jürgen Karl Willmann
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second-leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide and new strategies to efficiently treat HCC are critically needed. The aim of this study was to assess the longitudinal treatment effects of two complementary miRNAs (miRNA-122 and antimiR-21) encapsulated in biodegradable poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) - poly ethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles (PLGA-PEG-NPs), administered by an ultrasound-guided and microbubble-mediated delivery approach in doxorubicin-resistant and non-resistant human HCC xenografts...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Saira Alli, Carlyn A Figueiredo, Brian Golbourn, Nesrin Sabha, Megan Yijun Wu, Andrew Bondoc, Amanda Luck, Daniel Coluccia, Colin Maslink, Christian Smith, Heiko Wurdak, Kullervo Hynynen, Meaghan O'Reilly, James T Rutka
Magnetic Resonance Image-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) has been used to achieve transient BBB opening without tissue injury. Delivery of a targeted ultrasonic wave causes an interaction between administered microbubbles and the capillary bed resulting in enhanced vessel permeability. The use of MRgFUS in the brainstem has not previously been shown but could provide value in the treatment of tumours such as Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) where the intact BBB has contributed to the limited success of chemotherapy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Xing Gao, Yang Nan, Yuan Yuan, Xue Gong, Yuanyuan Sun, Huihui Zhou, Yujin Zong, Lijun Zhang, Ming Yu
Advanced malignant melanoma is characterized by rapid development, poor prognosis and insensitivity to chemoradiotherapy. Immunotherapy has become one of the primary clinical treatments for malignant melanomas. In recent decades, identifying specific tumour antigens and the enhanced immunoactivity of tumour vaccines has become critical for engineering successful tumour vaccines. As a widely used vaccine carrier, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) clearly increases the immunogenicity of tumour antigens, such as melanoma‑associated antigen A1 (MAGEA1)...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Maxime Lafond, Akiko Watanabe, Shin Yoshizawa, Shin-Ichiro Umemura, Katsuro Tachibana
Nanobubbles (NBs) are of high interest for ultrasound (US) imaging as contrast agents and therapy as cavitation nuclei. Because of their instability (Laplace pressure bubble catastrophe) and low sensitivity to US, reducing the size of commonly used microbubbles to submicron-size is not trivial. We introduce stabilized NBs in the 100-250-nm size range, manufactured by agitating human serum albumin and perfluoro-propane. These NBs were exposed to 3.34- and 5.39-MHz US, and their sensitivity to US was proven by detecting inertial cavitation...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Enbo Yang, Joy Li, Michael Cho, Shu Xiao
Ultrashort electric pulses (ns-ps) are useful in gaining understanding as to how pulsed electric fields act upon biological cells, but the electric field intensity to induce biological responses is typically higher than longer pulses and therefore a high voltage ultrashort pulse generator is required. To deliver 1 ns pulses with sufficient electric field but at a relatively low voltage, we used a glass-encapsulated tungsten wire triple-point electrode (TPE) at the interface among glass, tungsten wire, and water when it is immersed in water...
2018: BioMed Research International
Christoph F Dietrich, Andrej Potthoff, Thomas Helmberger, Andre Ignee, Juergen K Willmann
The American College of Radiology (ACR) endorsed the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) for standardized reporting and data collection of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high-risk patients (liver cirrhosis). The LI-RADS imaging criteria are used to classify 'observations' from 'definitely benign' (LR-1) to 'definitely HCC' (LR-5) based on imaging criteria.Coincidently, the recent approval in the United States of a microbubble contrast agent for liver imaging (Lumason® , known as SonoVue® in Europe and elsewhere), LI-RADS...
May 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Sevan Harput, Kirsten Christensen-Jeffries, Jemma Brown, Yuanwei Li, Katherine J Williams, Alun H Davies, Robert J Eckersley, Christopher Dunsby, Meng-Xing Tang
The structure of microvasculature cannot be resolved using conventional ultrasound (US) imaging due to the fundamental diffraction limit at clinical US frequencies. It is possible to overcome this resolution limitation by localizing individual microbubbles through multiple frames and forming a superresolved image, which usually requires seconds to minutes of acquisition. Over this time interval, motion is inevitable and tissue movement is typically a combination of large- and small-scale tissue translation and deformation...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Ming-Hsien Chan, Yu-Ting Pan, Yung-Chieh Chan, Michael Hsiao, Chung-Hsuan Chen, Lingdong Sun, Ru-Shi Liu
Contrast reagents for ultrasound imaging are widely used in clinical medical diagnosis because ultrasound resolution is limited. Contrast agents must be utilized to enhance the image resolution. At present, microbubbles (MBs) and nanobubbles (NBs) are the main contrast reagent candidates for improving the signal resolution. Fluorescence upconversion nanoparticles provide high sensitivity and also function as nanocarriers. This can label tumor cells in a specific organ under irradiation of near-infrared (NIR) light...
March 28, 2018: Chemical Science
Yi-Ju Ho, Tzu-Chia Wang, Ching-Hsiang Fan, Chih-Kuang Yeh
Tumor microenvironment has different morphologies of vessels in the core and rim regions, which influences the efficacy of tumor therapy. Our study purposed to improve the spatial uniformity of the anti-vascular effect and drug penetration within the tumor core and rim in combination therapies by regulating ultrasound-stimulated microbubble destruction (USMD). Focused ultrasound at 2 MHz and lipid-shell microbubbles (1.12±0.08 μm, mean±standard deviation) were used to perform USMD. The efficiency of the anti-vascular effect was evaluated by intravital imaging in order to determine the optimal USMD parameters...
May 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Intae Son, Byungsun Lee, Jae Hong Kim, Chunho Kim, Ji Yong Yoo, Byung Wook Ahn, Jeongho Hwang, Jonghyuk Lee, Jun Hyup Lee
The spontaneous separation of a polymer thin film from a substrate is an innovative technology that will enable material recycling and reduce manufacturing cost in the film industry, and this can be applied in a wide range of applications, from optical films to wearable devices. Here, we present an unprecedented spontaneous strategy for separating transparent polymer films from substrates on the basis of micro-bubble generation using nanocapsules containing an evaporable material. The core-shell nanocapsules are prepared from poly(methyl methacrylate)-polyethyleneimine nanoparticles via the encapsulation of methylcyclohexane (MCH)...
May 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dallan McMahon, Kullervo Hynynen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Theranostics
Zsofia I Kovacs, Scott R Burks, Joseph A Frank
This editorial highlights the findings of McMahon [1] and demonstrates the need for careful attention to experimental conditions that influence microbubble concentration and pharmacokinetics contributed to focused ultrasound-induced blood brain barrier opening and sterile inflammation.
2018: Theranostics
Matthew Pelekanos, Gerhard Leinenga, Mostafa Odabaee, Maryam Odabaee, Siamak Saifzadeh, Roland Steck, Jürgen Götz
Rationale: Treating diseases of the brain such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging as the blood-brain barrier (BBB) effectively restricts access of a large number of potentially useful drugs. A potential solution to this problem is presented by therapeutic ultrasound, a novel treatment modality that can achieve transient BBB opening in species including rodents, facilitated by biologically inert microbubbles that are routinely used in a clinical setting for contrast enhancement. However, in translating rodent studies to the human brain, the presence of a thick cancellous skull that both absorbs and distorts ultrasound presents a challenge...
2018: Theranostics
Nisi Zhang, Fei Yan, Xiaolong Liang, Manxiang Wu, Yuanyuan Shen, Min Chen, Yunxue Xu, Guangyang Zou, Peng Jiang, Caiyun Tang, Hairong Zheng, Zhifei Dai
Rationale: Treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) is challenged by the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that significantly limits the effective drug concentration in a patient's brain for therapeutic response throughout various stages of PD. Curcumin holds the potential for α-synuclein clearance to treat PD; however, its applications are still limited due to its low bioavailability and poor permeability through the BBB in a free form. Methods: Herein, this paper fabricated curcumin-loaded polysorbate 80-modified cerasome (CPC) nanoparticles (NPs) with a mean diameter of ~110 nm for enhancing the localized curcumin delivery into the targeted brain nuclei via effective BBB opening in combination with ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD)...
2018: Theranostics
Bo Zhang, Mingna Chen, Youming Zhang, Wei Chen, Lihua Zhang, Lv Chen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to generate an ultrasonic nanobubble (NB)-mediated purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP)/fludarabine suicide gene system for the treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: NBs were prepared from a mixture the phospholipids 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DPPA), perfluoropropane gas and other materials using the high shear dispersion method. NBs treated with ultrasound irradiation functioned as a gene-transfer system, and a self-constructed suicide gene expression plasmid, pcDNA3...
2018: PloS One
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