keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"fetal growth"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778069/differential-correlations-between-maternal-hair-levels-of-tobacco-and-alcohol-with-fetal-growth-restriction-clinical-subtypes
#1
Sally Sabra, Ebba Malmqvist, Laura Almeida, Eduard Gratacos, Maria Dolores Gomez Roig
Maternal exposure to tobacco and alcohol is a known cause, among others, for fetal growth restriction (FGR). Clinically, FGR can be subclassified into two forms: intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small for gestational age (SGA), based on the severity of the growth retardation, and abnormal uterine artery Doppler or cerebro-placental ratio. This study aimed at investigating any differential correlation between maternal exposures to these toxins with the two clinical forms of FGR. Therefore, a case-control study was conducted in Barcelona, Spain...
January 4, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775476/maternal-asthma-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-perinatal-mortality
#2
Mari Kemppainen, Anna-Maria Lahesmaa-Korpinen, Paula Kauppi, Martti Virtanen, Suvi M Virtanen, Riitta Karikoski, Mika Gissler, Turkka Kirjavainen
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease during pregnancy and it may have influence on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to assess the association between maternal asthma and the perinatal risks as well as possible effects of asthma medication. METHODS: The study was based on a nationwide Finnish register-based cohort between the years 1996 and 2012 in the Drug and Pregnancy Database. The register data comprised 962 405 singleton live and stillbirths, 898 333 (93...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775414/venoarterial-communication-mediates-arterial-wall-shear-stress-induced-maternal-uterine-vascular-remodeling-during-pregnancy
#3
Nga Ling Ko, Liam John, Aaron Gelinne, Maurizio Mandala, George Osol
Although expansive remodeling of the maternal uterine circulation during pregnancy is essential for maintaining uteroplacental perfusion and normal fetal growth, the underlying physiological mechanisms are not well understood. Using a rat model, surgical approaches were used to alter uterine hemodynamics and wall shear stress (WSS) in order to evaluate the effects of WSS and venoarterial communication (e.g. transfer of placentally derived growth signals from post-placental veins to pre-placental arteries) on gestational uterine vascular remodeling...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769421/low-placental-visfatin-expression-is-related-to-impaired-glycaemic-control-and-fetal-macrosmia-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-type-1-diabetes
#4
R Iciek, M Brazert, E Wender-Ozegowska, M Pietryga, J Brazert
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still related to altered fetal growth and severe maternal complications. We studied the possible role of placental visfatin/nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) in fetal development in T1DM pregnancies, the possible role of placental visfatin in fetal macrosomia. Sixty five pregnant women with T1DM and singleton pregnancy were qualified into the study. Placental visfatin expression was by analysed by RT-PCR. We demonstrated the lowest expression of placental visfatin in women who delivered neonates with birth weight NBW > 4000 g (0...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766563/the-effects-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-fetal-growth-and-neonatal-birth-measures-in-an-african-cohort
#5
S Macaulay, R J Munthali, D B Dunger, S A Norris
AIM: Fetal exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is said to alter fetal growth and increase the risk of macrosomia. However, little research on GDM exists in African populations. This study aimed to assess longitudinal fetal growth and neonatal birth measures among Black African babies exposed to GDM. METHODS: Pregnant women (Soweto, South Africa) enrolled into a cohort study were followed up with repeated fetal ultrasounds. At 24-28 weeks' gestation a 2-h 75 g oral glucose tolerance test was performed and GDM was diagnosed using the World Health Organization's 2013 criteria...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764231/important-considerations-in-pregnant-patients-with-lupus-nephritis
#6
Gabriella Moroni, Claudio Ponticelli
In the last few decades, identification of predictors of pregnancy outcome and appropriate pregnancy planning have significantly reduced the maternal and fetal risks in pregnant women with lupus nephritis. Areas covered: Successful pregnancies have been reported even in women with chronic renal disease and renal insufficiency. However, refractory hypertension and severe renal or cardiac chronic dysfunction are still considered contraindications to pregnancy. Pre-term delivery and fetal growth restriction may still occur in SLE patients more frequently than in healthy women, even in pregnancies regularly planned and monitored by a team of nephrologists and gynaecologists...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759932/examining-the-link-between-placental-pathology-growth-restriction-and-stillbirth
#7
REVIEW
Robert M Silver
Stillbirth, often defined as death of a fetus ≥20 weeks of gestation, is emotionally devastating for families and caregivers. It is often associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR). Indeed, FGR or small-for-gestational age fetus (SGA) is a major risk factor for stillbirth. In rare cases, this is due to genetic abnormalities or infections. However, in most cases, it is linked to placental insufficiency. This may be due to abnormal placental development or placental damage, thereby resulting in decreased blood flow, oxygen, and nutrients to the fetus...
March 26, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756186/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-cord-blood-and-perinatal-outcomes-from-laizhou-wan-birth-cohort-china
#8
Limei Chen, Caifeng Wang, Yan Zhang, Yijun Zhou, Rong Shi, Chang Cui, Yu Gao, Ying Tian
We explored whether polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposed in cord blood could have any potential relationship with perinatal outcomes. Participants were pregnant females (n = 222) who were recruited from a prospective birth cohort (Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort, LWBC) between September 2010 and February 2012. We measured eight PBDE congeners (BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183) in cord serum and examined their relationship with perinatal outcomes. The median levels of BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183 were 2...
May 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755036/pregnancy-related-risk-factors-are-associated-with-a-significant-burden-of-treated-hypertension-within-10-years-of-delivery-findings-from-a-population-based-norwegian-cohort
#9
Grace M Egeland, Svetlana Skurtveit, Anne Cathrine Staff, Geir Egil Eide, Anne-Kjersti Daltveit, Kari Klungsøyr, Lill Trogstad, Per M Magnus, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen
BACKGROUND: The association between pregnancy complications and women's later cardiovascular disease has, primarily, been evaluated in studies lacking information on important covariates. This report evaluates the prospective associations between pregnancy-related risk factors (preeclampsia/eclampsia, gestational hypertension, pregestational and gestational diabetes mellitus, preterm delivery, and fetal growth restriction) and pharmacologically treated hypertension within 10 years after pregnancy, while adjusting for a wide range of covariates...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752424/placenta-dna-methylation-adaptation-to-maternal-glycemic-response-in-pregnancy
#10
Andres Cardenas, Valerie Gagné-Ouellet, Catherine Allard, Diane Brisson, Patrice Perron, Luigi Bouchard, Marie-France Hivert
Maternal hyperglycemia during pregnancy is associated with excess fetal growth and adverse perinatal and developmental outcomes. Placental epigenetic maladaptation may underlie these associations. We performed an epigenome-wide association study (>850,000 CpG sites) of term placentas and prenatal maternal glycemic response 2-hour post oral glucose challenge at 24-30 weeks of gestation among 448 mother-infant pairs. Maternal 2-hour glycemia post-load was strongly associated with lower DNA methylation of 4 CpGs (FDR q<0...
May 11, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751363/sex-specific-associations-of-insulin-like-peptides-in-cord-blood-with-size-at-birth
#11
Mireille Nm van Poppel, Martina Eder, Uwe Lang, Gernot Desoye
OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like peptides (insulin, IGF-1, IGF-2) are essential regulators of fetal growth. We assessed the role of these peptides for birth size in a sex-specific manner. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort analysis. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: In 369 neonates, cord blood insulin, C-peptide, IGF-1 and IGF-2 levels were measured. Outcomes were placenta weight, birth weight, length, and ponderal index. In linear regression models the association of insulin-like peptides with growth outcomes was assessed, adjusted for gestational age and delivery mode...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750954/neonatal-and-fetal-growth-charts-to-identify-preterm-infants-less-than-30-weeks-gestation-at-risk-of-adverse-outcomes
#12
Nansi S Boghossian, Marco Geraci, Erika M Edwards, Jeffrey D Horbar
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether a neonatal or a fetal growth standard is a better predictor of adverse in-hospital newborn outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the power of birth weight for gestational age to predict adverse neonatal outcomes using neonatal and fetal growth charts. Gestational age specific birth weight was examined either as a centile score or as a binary indicator for birth weight below the 10th centile (small for gestational age) using three fetal growth charts (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, World Health Organization, and Intergrowth-21st ) and one neonatal sex-specific birth weight chart...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747733/pregestational-diabetes-in-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Ronan Sugrue, Chloe Zera
Diabetes is a common chronic condition in women of reproductive age. Preconception care is crucial to reducing the risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, such as hypertensive disorders, abnormal fetal growth, traumatic delivery and stillbirth, associated with poor glycemic control. Insulin is the preferred medication to optimize glucose control in women with pregestational diabetes. Frequent dose adjustments are needed during pregnancy to achieve glycemic goals, and team-based multidisciplinary care may help...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747726/opioid-use-disorders-and-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Amanda J Johnson, Cresta W Jones
Opioid use disorder presents an increased risk of complications in pregnancy, particularly when untreated. To optimize outcomes, medication-assisted treatment using methadone or buprenorphine as a part of a comprehensive care model is recommended. Neonatal abstinence syndrome and poor fetal growth remain significant complications of this disorder despite maternal treatment.
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746846/o-linked-n-acetyl-glucosamine-deposition-in-placental-proteins-varies-according-to-maternal-glycemic-levels
#15
Vanessa Dela Justina, Rinaldo R Dos Passos Junior, Alecsander F Bressan, Rita C Tostes, Fernando S Carneiro, Thaigra S Soares, Gustavo T Volpato, Victor Vitorino Lima, Sebastian San Martin, Fernanda R Giachini
AIMS: Hyperglycemia increases glycosylation with O-linked N‑acetyl‑glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) contributing to placental dysfunction and fetal growth impairment. Our aim was to determine how O-GlcNAc levels are affected by hyperglycemia and the O-GlcNAc distribution in different placental regions. MAIN METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into the following groups: severe hyperglycemia (>300 mg/dL; n = 5); mild hyperglycemia (>140 mg/dL, at least than two time points during oral glucose tolerance test; n = 7) or normoglycemia (<120 mg/dL; n = 6)...
May 7, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746007/preterm-growth-restriction-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-the-vascular-hypothesis-and-related-physiology
#16
Arvind Sehgal, Stella M Gwini, Samuel Menahem, Beth J Allison, Suzanne L Miller, Graeme R Polglase
KEY POINTS: Approximately 5-10% pregnancies are affected by fetal growth restriction. Preterm infants affected by fetal growth restriction have a higher incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. This study is the first to measure pulmonary artery thickness and stiffness. It highlights that impaired vasculogenesis may be a contributory factor in the higher incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm growth restricted infants. The study addresses the mechanistic link between fetal programming and vascular architecture and mechanics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744612/maternal-non-glycemic-contributors-to-fetal-growth-in-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-spotlight-on-lipids
#17
REVIEW
Linda A Barbour, Teri L Hernandez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Excess fetal growth is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for childhood obesity, and mounting evidence supports that maternal glucose is not the only driver. This review focuses on the role of clinically applicable maternal non-glycemic contributors to excess fetal growth, particularly lipids, in addition to amino acids (AA), insulin resistance, inflammation, maternal nutrition, and gestational weight gain (GWG) in obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
May 9, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744013/pregnancy-in-women-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Karolina Adam
Patients with cardiovascular disease represent a significant cohort at risk for complications during pregnancy. The normal physiologic changes of pregnancy could further compromise the hemodynamics of various cardiovascular conditions, resulting in clinical deterioration and even death. The fetus of a gravida with cardiovascular disease also has an increased risk of morbidity, including an increased risk of inherited cardiac genetic disorders, fetal growth restriction, and premature delivery. These complications also increase the risk for antenatal and perinatal mortality...
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742672/fetal-growth-patterns-in-pregnancies-with-first-trimester-bleeding
#19
Alaina M Bever, Sarah J Pugh, Sungduk Kim, Roger B Newman, William A Grobman, Edward K Chien, Deborah A Wing, Hanyun Li, Paul S Albert, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between first-trimester vaginal bleeding and fetal growth patterns. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons, a prospective cohort study of low-risk, nonobese women with healthy lifestyles. Duration of bleeding was self-reported at enrollment (10 0/7 to 13 6/7 weeks of gestation) and categorized as 0, 1, or more than 1 day...
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740848/control-of-the-inflammatory-response-during-pregnancy-potential-role-of-vip-as-a-regulatory-peptide
#20
Rosanna Ramhorst, Guillermina Calo, Daniel Paparini, Daiana Vota, Vanesa Hauk, Lucila Gallino, Fatima Merech, Esteban Grasso, Claudia Pérez Leirós
A network of cell-cell communications through contact and soluble factors supports the maternal-placental interaction and provides a suitable environment for fetal growth. Trophoblast cells take center stage at these loops: they interact with maternal leukocytes to sustain the varying demands of gestation, and they synthesize hormones, cytokines among other factors that contribute to the maintenance of immune homeostasis. Here, we discuss vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and its potential as a regulatory neuropeptide in pregnancy...
May 8, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
keyword
keyword
107504
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"