keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cramp disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424899/a-polysomnographic-study-in-parkinsonian-patients-treated-with-intestinal-levodopa-infusion
#1
Maurizio Zibetti, Alberto Romagnolo, Aristide Merola, Lorenzo Priano, Elisa Montanaro, Serena Angrisano, Antonella Tribolo, Alessandro Cicolin, Leonardo Lopiano
Sleep disorders are very common in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Questionnaire-based studies suggest that sleep quality might improve following levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of LCIG infusion and subsequent oral medication changes on polysomnography (PSG) and sleep symptoms in advanced PD patients. Eleven PD patients underwent PSG at baseline and after 3.8 ± 1...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420175/a-new-input-device-for-spastics-based-on-strain-gauge
#2
Niels Buchhold, Christian Baumgartner
This article presents a new sensor for use by people with spastic disorders and similar conditions and enables them to steer and control medical devices such as electric powered wheelchairs. As spastic patients often suffer from cramping of their extremities, which can then no longer be controlled, using a standard joystick while operating a powered wheelchair can lead to dangerous situations. To prevent this, we designed a sensor based on strain gauges, which is shaped like a flat disc that can be operated using any body part...
April 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408004/development-of-the-diary-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-to-assess-treatment-benefit-in-clinical-trials-foundational-qualitative-research
#3
Sheri E Fehnel, Claire M Ervin, Robyn T Carson, Gianna Rigoni, Jeffrey M Lackner, Stephen Joel Coons
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and alterations in bowel habits. Three subtypes are defined on the basis of stool patterns: diarrhea-predominant IBS, constipation-predominant IBS, and alternating or mixed IBS. OBJECTIVES: To develop patient-reported outcome measures for qualification by the Food and Drug Administration to support product approvals and labeling in IBS; the article focuses on the qualitative research that provided the foundation for the new measures...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406887/hospitalizations-for-crohn-s-disease-united-states-2003-2013
#4
Christopher A Malarcher, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Sujay F Greenlund, Suraj J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) were used to estimate U...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337115/hplc-dad-analysis-antinociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-hyptis-umbrosa-in-mice
#5
Klécia S Dos Anjos, Heitor G Araújo-Filho, Marcelo C Duarte, Vicente C O Costa, Josean F Tavares, Marcelo S Silva, Jackson R G S Almeida, Nathália A C Souza, Larissa A Rolim, Irwin R A Menezes, Henrique D M Coutinho, Jullyana S S Quintans, Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior
Hyptis umbrosa (syn. Mesosphaerum sidifolium) (Lamiaceae Family) has been used to treat several conditions such as gastrointestinal disorders, skin infections, nasal congestion, fever and cramps. The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, analgesic and anti-inflammatory profiles of ethanol extract from leaves of Hyptis umbrosa (EEB). HPLC-DAD was used to determine the fingerprint chromatogram of the extract. Male Swiss mice were orally pretreated with EEB (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg; 60 min before initiating algesic stimulation) and antinociceptive activity was assessed using the acetic acid-induced writhing model, formalin test and hyperalgesia induced by glutamate or capsaicin...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294976/vitamins-and-microelement-bioavailability-in-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
REVIEW
Magdalena Jankowska, Bolesław Rutkowski, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) predisposes one to either deficiency or toxic excess of different micronutrients. The knowledge on micronutrients-specifically water-soluble vitamins and trace elements-in CKD is very limited. Consequently, current guidelines and recommendations are mostly based on expert opinions or poor-quality evidence. Abnormalities of micronutrient resources in CKD develop for several reasons. Dietary restrictions and anorexia lead to an insufficient micronutrient intake, while diuretics use and renal replacement therapy lead to their excessive losses...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284391/neuromuscular-manifestations-in-mitochondrial-diseases-in-children
#7
Andrés Nascimento, Carlos Ortez, Cristina Jou, Mar O'Callaghan, Federico Ramos, Àngels Garcia-Cazorla
Mitochondrial diseases exhibit significant clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles that are the major contributor of adenosine triphosphate, through oxidative phosphorylation. These disorders may be developed at any age, with isolated or multiple system involvement, and in any pattern of inheritance. Defects in the mitochondrial respiratory chain impair energy production and almost invariably involve skeletal muscle and peripheral nerves, causing exercise intolerance, cramps, recurrent myoglobinuria, or fixed weakness, which often affects extraocular muscles and results in droopy eyelids (ptosis), progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral ataxia, and peripheral polyneuropathy...
November 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280654/prevalence-and-perceptions-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Farooq A Rathore, Rayan Attique, Yumna Asmaa
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is a professionally demanding job, and nurses are prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders. However, no data is available regarding its prevalence among Pakistani nurses. This study was conducted to document the pattern of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in Pakistani nurses and their perceptions about contributing factors and management of WRMDs. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in six hospitals in Lahore and Rawalpindi, which were selected using a convenient sampling technique...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264542/a-case-series-study-on-the-efficacy-of-functional-surgery-associated-with-early-intensive-rehabilitation-therapy-in-charcot-marie-tooth-type-1a-disease
#9
Francesco Ferraro, Barbara Dusina, Irene Carantini, Roberto Strambi, Emanuela Galante, Luca Gaiani
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disorder, and it is caused by alterations in genes with different loci that encode for proteins, resulting into metabolic and structural defects. The most common form of the disease is CMT1A. Treatment of the disease, due to the absence of an effective pharmacological therapy, mainly relies on surgical treatment and rehabilitative therapy. However, the Literature is still poor of evidences on this subject...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241802/criteria-in-diagnosing-nocturnal-leg-cramps-a-systematic-review
#10
Joannes Hallegraeff, Mathieu de Greef, Wim Krijnen, Cees van der Schans
BACKGROUND: Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This study aims to identify these clinical characteristics and to differentiate between them and the characteristics of restless leg syndrome and periodic limb disorder. METHOD: A systematic literature study was executed from December 2015 to May 2016. This study comprised of a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials, observational studies on nocturnal and rest cramps of legs and other muscles, and other systematic and narrative reviews...
February 28, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241332/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-the-management-of-isaacs-syndrome
#11
Lisa K T Shanahan, Selena G M Raines, Rachel L Coggins, Teanna Moore, Michael Carnes, Laura Griffin
Isaacs syndrome is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by chronic muscle stiffness, cramping, fasciculations, myokymia, and hyperhidrosis. Pathogenesis includes autoimmunity, paraneoplastic disorders, genetic predisposition, or toxin exposure. There is no known cure for Isaacs syndrome. This case report describes a patient who had been given the diagnosis of Isaacs syndrome and received osteopathic manipulative treatment to manage fascial and cranial dysfunctions and reduce nervous system hyperexcitability...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225220/efficacy-of-ruscus-extract-hmc-and-vitamin-c-constituents-of-cyclo-3-fort%C3%A2-on-improving-individual-venous-symptoms-and-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#12
Stavros K Kakkos, François A Allaert
INTRODUCTION: Venoactive drugs (VADs) are considered an important component of the medical (conservative) treatment of chronic venous disorders (CVDs). However, the efficacy of certain VADs on one or more individual leg symptoms may have not been extensively studied to justify a high level or grade of recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effectiveness of VADs containing Ruscus across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms...
April 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#13
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195911/a-restless-leg-syndrome-incidentally-detected-by-an-18f-fdg-positron-emission-tomography
#14
Jessica Ohnona, Arnaud Metlaine, Damien Leger, Jean-Noël Talbot
A case of a restless leg syndrome (RLS) was incidentally detected in a 49-year-old woman referred for an F-FDG PET/CT in monitoring her breast cancer. She was treated with chemotherapy and on long-term hormone therapy. Diffuse F-FDG uptake of calf muscles was visualized. Medical history revealed that the patient felt leg cramps in supine position, suggesting RLS. The diagnosis was confirmed using clinical rating scales and polysomnography. RLS being underdiagnosed, this type of FDG PET/CT incidental finding should prompt to check the presence of evocative symptoms and refer the patient to a physician specialized in sleep disorders...
May 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194755/withdrawn-exercise-for-dysmenorrhoea
#15
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Stephen Brown
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is characterised by cramping lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the lower back and upper thighs and is commonly associated with nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhoea. Physical exercise has been suggested as a non-medical approach to the management of these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. SEARCH METHODS: A search was conducted using the methodology of the Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group (August 2009)...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190498/classification-of-involuntary-movements-in-dogs-paroxysmal-dyskinesias
#16
REVIEW
Mark Lowrie, Laurent Garosi
Paroxysmal dyskinesias (PDs) are a group of hyperkinetic movement disorders characterised by circumscribed episodes of disturbed movement, superimposed on a background state in which such abnormality is absent. There is no loss of consciousness. Episodes can last seconds, minutes or hours, and the beginning and end of the movement disturbance are abrupt. Neurological examination is typically normal between episodes. PDs are associated with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, encompassing various aetiologies...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173798/spasmogenic-and-spasmolytic-activity-of-rind-of-punica-granatum-linn
#17
Niaz Ali, Ayesha Jamil, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Ismail Shah, Ghayour Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Rind of Punica granatum is traditionally used in treatment of abdominal cramps and various GIT disorders. So far spasmolytic activity of rind of Punica granatum has been reported using in vitro model. However, its mode of action is not explored yet. Therefore, the current work describes the possible mode of action for spasmolytic activity of methanolic extract of rind of Punica granatum (Pg. Cr). Acute toxicity study is also performed to determine its safe dose range. METHODS: Rind of Punica granatum was subjected to shade drying...
February 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131554/-hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies-in-childhood-report-of-three-cases
#18
C Bar, F Villéga, C Espil, M Husson, J-M Pedespan, M-F Rouanet
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant neuropathy. It is characterized by recurrent sensory and motor nerve palsies, usually precipitated by minor trauma or compression. Even though rare in childhood, this disorder is probably underdiagnosed given its wide spectrum of clinical symptoms. We review three separate cases of HNPP diagnosed in children with various phenotypes: fluctuating and distal paresthesias disrupting learning at school, cramps related to intensive piano practice, and discrete muscle weakness with no functional complaint...
March 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117803/analyzing-beneficial-effects-of-nutritional-supplements-on-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-functions-during-experimental-colitis
#19
Hilda Vargas Robles, Karla Fabiola Castro Ochoa, Porfirio Nava, Angélica Silva Olivares, Mineko Shibayama, Michael Schnoor
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic relapsing disorders of the intestines. They cause severe problems, such as abdominal cramping, bloody diarrhea, and weight loss, in affected individuals. Unfortunately, there is no cure yet, and treatments only aim to alleviate symptoms. Current treatments include anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs that may cause severe side effects. This warrants the search for alternative treatment options, such as nutritional supplements, that do not cause side effects...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113638/haptic-feedback-manipulation-during-botulinum-toxin-injection-therapy-for-focal-hand-dystonia-patients-a-possible-new-assistive-strategy
#20
Seyed Farokh Atashzar, Mahya Shahbazi, Christopher Ward, Olivia Samotus, Mehdi Delrobaei, Fariborz Rahimi, Jack Lee, Mallory Jackman, Mandar Jog, Rajni Patel
Abnormality of sensorimotor integration in the basal ganglia and cortex has been reported in the literature for patients with task-specific focal hand dystonia (FHD). In this study, we investigate the effect of manipulation of kinesthetic input in people living with writer's cramp disorder (a major form of FHD). For this purpose, severity of dystonia is studied for 11 participants while the symptoms of 7 participants have been tracked during 5 sessions of assessment and Botulinum toxin injection (BoNT-A) therapy (one of the current suggested therapies for dystonia)...
August 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
keyword
keyword
107502
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"