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Endobronchial tuberculosis

James J Anderson, Kwun M Fong, David B Godbolt, Steven C Leong, Henry M Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Sahajal Dhooria, Nalini Gupta, Amanjit Bal, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Sunil Sethi, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, differentiating tuberculosis from sarcoidosis is often difficult. We hypothesized that Xpert MTB/RIF assay, a semi-automated hemi-nested PCR would help in this regard. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF in the differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy who underwent endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), and were diagnosed as either tuberculosis or sarcoidosis...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Lorenzo Corbetta, Ariela Tofani, Flavio Montinaro, Lucio Michieletto, Loris Ceron, Chiara Moroni, Pier Giorgio Rogasi
BACKGROUND: The poor treatment outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant TB and extremely and totally drug-resistant TB highlight the urgent need for new antituberculous drugs and other adjuvant treatment approaches. OBJECTIVES: We have treated cavitary tuberculosis by the application of endobronchial one-way valves (Zephyr®; Pulmonx Inc., Redwood City, Calif., USA) to induce lobar volume reduction as an adjunct to drug treatment...
October 12, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
James Benjamin Gleason, Basheer Tashtoush, Jinesh Mehta, Edward Savage, Felipe Martinez, Atul C Mehta
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to Mycobacterium tuberculosis involving organs other than the lungs (eg, pleura, lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, abdomen, skin, joints and bones, or meninges). In non-HIV-endemic areas, where reactivation is the predominant mechanism of tuberculosis, pleural involvement occurs in 4% of cases. We present an extremely rare case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent patient with pleural tuberculosis confirmed by surgical pleural biopsies, who presented with a large mediastinal mass and evidence of pulmonary artery invasion on CT scanning and endobronchial ultrasonography imaging, highlighting a unique and malignant-like character of the disease...
October 2016: Chest
Lei Wang, Weihua Wu, Jiajun Teng, Runbo Zhong, Baohui Han, Jiayuan Sun
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) features have been found to be a useful tool in differentiating malignant from benign lymph nodes, but the use of these features to distinguish benign intrathoracic lymphadenopathies, including tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and reactive lymphadenitis, has not been established. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of EBUS features in predicting tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and non-specific inflammation. One hundred eighty-eight patients with suspected benign lymphadenopathy were included in the study...
September 7, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Nalini Gupta, Babu Ram, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) requires a dedicated needle for aspiration of mediastinal lesions. There is no data on reuse of these needles. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA with either new or reused EBUS-TBNA needles. The needles were reused after thorough cleaning with filtered water and organic cleaning solution, disinfection with 2.4% glutaraldehyde solution followed by ethylene oxide sterilization...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
John Berger, Felix Zamora, Eitan Podgaetz, Rafael Andrade, H Erhan Dincer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the procedure of choice for the evaluation of mediastinal/hilar lymph node enlargements. Granulomatous inflammation of the mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes is often identified on routine histology. In addition, mediastinal lymphadenopathy may be present with undiagnosed infection. We sought to determine the usefulness of routine cultures and histology for infectious etiologies in a fungal endemic area when granulomatous inflammation is identified...
July 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
Takashi Nishihara, Manabu Hayama, Norio Okamoto, Ayako Tanaka, Takuji Nishida, Takayuki Shiroyama, Motohiro Tamiya, Naoko Morishita, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hiroto Matsuoka, Tomonori Hirashima
A prolonged air leak caused by pulmonary tuberculosis is difficult to treat, and little is known about optimal treatment strategies. We herein report the case of a 60-year-old man who demonstrated tuberculous empyema with a fistula. An air leak from a tuberculous cavity in his left upper lobe persisted for approximately 4 months; surgical repair could not be performed due to a poor physical status and undernourishment. However, the air leak was successfully treated with endobronchial occlusion using two silicone spigots in left B3b and B4, without any adverse effects or aggravation of the infection...
2016: Internal Medicine
Chun-Hua Xu, Li-Ke Yu, Lan Cao, Rusong Yang, Jun Yan, Zheng-Cheng Liu, Yan Wang
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical value of radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS)-guided localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) with the combination of ultrathin bronchoscopy and methylene blue prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). An ultrathin bronchoscope was used to localize the lesions under RP-EBUS guidance in 48 patients (18 men and 30 women; age range, 41-72 years; mean age, 54 years), who subsequently underwent VATS resection. The lesion size, distance from the parietal pleura, localization time and complications were evaluated...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Meifang Wang, Yuquan Liu, Dan Li, Chang Xiong, Xin Qian, Yijun Tang
Bronchial fibroma is uncommon, with only 18 cases reported since 1948. The current study presents a rare case of endobronchial fibroma, along with a relevant literature review. A 54-year-old male patient with pneumoconiosis and a history of tuberculosis was admitted to the Taihe Hospital Affiliated With Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China, due to refractory dry cough. Computed tomography of the chest showed multiple nodular and confluent opacities in the lung and one cavitation in the right upper lobe region...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Takahiro Nakajima, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Taiki Fujiwara, Ichiro Yoshino
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive modality for sampling of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes as well as pulmonary lesions adjacent to the airway. Guidelines for staging of lung cancer suggest that EBUS-TBNA should be considered the best first test of nodal staging for radiologically abnormal lymph nodes that are accessible by this approach. The application of EBUS-TBNA in pulmonary medicine and thoracic oncology is expanding with its role in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, lymphoma, and tuberculosis...
July 2016: Respiratory Investigation
Anna Kempisty
Sarcoidosis is a rare multiorgan granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, mostly affecting young adults, with predilection for hilar lymph nodes and the lung. Despite clinical and histologic similarities between sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, the role of M. tuberculosis in the etiopathogenesis of sarcoidosis is still not clear. Over recent years numerous studies identifying peripheral blood T-cell response to various mycobacterial antigens were published. In parallel, there is no direct evidence for the role of alive M...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Abdullah Şimşek, İlhami Yapıcı, Mesiha Babalık, Zekiye Şimşek, Mustafa Kolsuz
Objective: To determine the proportional distribution of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) subtypes and to evaluate the types of bronchoscopic diagnostic procedures that can prove granulomatous inflammation. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 18 HIV-negative patients with biopsy-proven EBTB treated between 2010 and 2014. Results: The most common EBTB subtypes, as classified by the bronchoscopic features, were tumorous and granular (in 22...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Yoshio Okano, Tsutomu Shinohara, Shino Imanishi, Naoki Takahashi, Nobuhito Naito, Takanari Taoka, Naoki Kadota, Fumitaka Ogushi
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium xenopi-infected patients have a high prevalence of pulmonary cavities and nodules. However, the clinical course for patients with miliary nodules due to M. xenopi has not yet been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We encountered a case of miliary nodules with gradually worsening coughing and sputum production in a 44-year-old male who had renal dysfunction due to glomerulosclerosis with a decade-long history of steroid therapy. Although we started anti-tuberculosis treatment on clinical suspicion of miliary tuberculosis, cultures of sputum and bronchial lavage were both positive for M...
2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Fariba Rezaeetalab, Donya Farrokh
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is a serious form of pulmonary tuberculosis. In EBTB, mycobacterium tuberculosis involves trachea, large airways and bronchial trees Combustion of biomass fuels causes anthracotic bronchitis that is characterized by black pigmentation in bronchial tissue. The majority of anthracotic bronchitis are in aged patients, particularly rural women, that use biomass fuel for cooking or traditional bakery .The aim of this study was to evaluate the endobronchial tuberculosis in anthracotic bronchitis...
January 2016: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Gaurav M Kasundra, Isha Sood, Bharat Bhushan, Amita Narendra Bhargava, Khichar Shubhkaran
Tuberculous myelitis usually involves thoracic and only rarely, distal cord. Longitudinal lesions more than three spinal segments long in tuberculosis (TB) are usually due to intramedullary tuberculomas and not infectious myelitis. We report a 17-year-old male with acute myelitis from D7 to conus medullaris, diffuse spinal meningitis, subdural and epidural abscesses, normal vertebrae, intervertebral discs, and brain imaging. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed raised proteins, lymphocytosis, hypoglycorrhagia, and positive TB-polymerase chain reaction...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Akanksha Jain, Neha Kawatra Madan, Sudheer Arava, Durgatosh Pandey, Karan Madan
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is an uncommon primary lung tumor. It usually involves large airways and presents clinically and radiologically with nonspecific features. Because of nonspecific presentation diagnosis is frequently delayed. We report the case of a 29-year-old male patient wherein a clinico-radiological consideration of tuberculosis (TB) led to a prolonged treatment with anti-TB medications without response. Flexible bronchoscopic biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of MEC following that the patient underwent curative surgical resection...
May 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Roberto Chalela, Albert Sánchez-Font, Marisol Domínguez-Álvarez, Diana Badenes-Bonet, Lara Pijuan, Víctor Curull
INTRODUCTION: Mediastinal tuberculosis (TB) is rare and a diagnostic challenge. Transbronchial needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasonography (EBUS-TBNA) is an essential tool for staging and diagnosing patients with lung cancer but to date there are no studies in our environment evaluating its efficacy in mediastinal TB. METHODS: Patients with a final diagnosis of isolated intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis over a 6-year period were included. We analyzed the cases on whom EBUS-TBNA was performed...
June 17, 2016: Medicina Clínica
I Elkard, N Zaghba, H Benjelloun, A Bakhatar, N Yassine
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in Morocco. Tuberculosis of the lung bases is a rare and atypical form and raises real diagnostic problems. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report a retrospective study of 21 cases of basal pulmonary tuberculosis, collected at the service of respiratory diseases in Ibn Rushd hospital in Casablanca between 2004 and 2015 (11 years). RESULTS: From a total of 21 patients having basal pulmonary tuberculosis, 13 (62%) were women versus eight men (48%), the average age was 33 years...
May 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
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