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Endobronchial tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066590/comparison-of-radial-endobronchial-ultrasound-with-a-guide-sheath-and-with-distance-by-thin-bronchoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesions-a-prospective-randomized-crossover-trial
#1
Su-Juan Zhang, Ming Zhang, Jun Zhou, Qiu-Di Zhang, Qian-Qian Xu, Xiong Xu
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using radial endobronchial ultrasound with a guide sheath (REBUS-GS) has improved the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). Because of the high cost of the GS, REBUS with distance (REBUS-D) has certain advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of the REBUS-GS and REBUS-D by thin bronchoscopy for PPLs. METHODS: Patients with PPLs were enrolled in a prospective randomized crossover study from August 2014 and July 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043486/tuberculosis-in-children
#2
Ali Akbar Velayati
Tuberculosis (TB) is the main cause of infection-related death in the world. Children make up ∼5-15% of all TB cases. Severe forms of disease such as meningitis and disseminated form are more common in children. Due to current estimates of World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015, one million children suffer from TB around the world; of these, it is estimated that more than 136,000 die a year. One study estimated 67million children with latent TB which develops to active form with the rate of ∼850,000 each year...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029667/outcomes-bronchoscopic-evaluation-in-a-university-hospital
#3
R H Ghimire, N Bhatta, P Koirala, B Bista, D R Misra, B Shah
INTRODUCTION: Study of clinical profile of the patients and diagnostic yield of the selected bronchoscopic procedures gives us important information in clinical decision making and better patient care. There are hardly very few studies regarding these entities. Therefore, we decided to study clinical characteristics and outcomes of the patients who underwent bronchoscopic evaluation in our setting. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study the consecutive patients who underwent bronchoscopy from 1st May 2013- 30th April 2015 in division of pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882677/utility-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-diagnosing-non-specific-inflammatory-intrathorcacic-lymphadenitis
#4
Huizhen Yang, Shenglan Wang, Jiajun Teng, Baohui Han, Jiayuan Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has emerged as a minimally invasive technique for diagnosing intrathoracic malignancies and some benignancies; however, there are no data available on the utility of EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of non-specific inflammatory intrathoracic lymphadenitis. METHODS: A prospective analysis was performed from 104 patients with enlarged lymphadenopathy suspected of non-specific lymphadenitis referred for EBUS-TBNA between October 2009 and March 2012...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805323/identification-of-specific-ebus-sonographic-characteristics-for-predicting-benign-mediastinal-lymph-nodes
#5
Irfan Ismail Ayub, Anant Mohan, Karan Madan, Vijay Hadda, Deepali Jain, G C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
OBJECTIVE: Reliable differentiation of benign from malignant mediastinal lymphadenopathy is important, especially in countries with a high tuberculosis burden. We hypothesized that specific sonographic features on endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) may differentiate benign from malignant nodes. In this study, the sonographic features of non-malignant and malignant nodes were compared. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy who underwent EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA)...
November 2, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776598/endobronchial-valve-treatment-of-destructive-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#6
A Levin, S Sklyuev, I Felker, E Tceymach, D Krasnov
BACKGROUND: In accordance with the existing hypothesis, the application of an endobronchial valve (EbV) leads to selective curative atelectasis of the affected part of the lung, contributing to early closure of cavities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of EbV treatment on the course of tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: We compared the efficacy of EbV treatment and complex second-line treatment in treating patients with destructive pulmonary multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764010/endobronchial-silicosis-and-tuberculosis-presenting-as-the-right-middle-lobe-syndrome
#7
James J Anderson, Kwun M Fong, David B Godbolt, Steven C Leong, Henry M Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758992/role-of-xpert-mtb-rif-in-differentiating-tuberculosis-from-sarcoidosis-in-patients-with-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy-undergoing-ebus-tbna-a-study-of-147-patients
#8
Sahajal Dhooria, Nalini Gupta, Amanjit Bal, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Sunil Sethi, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, differentiating tuberculosis from sarcoidosis is often difficult. We hypothesized that Xpert MTB/RIF assay, a semi-automated hemi-nested PCR would help in this regard. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF in the differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy who underwent endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), and were diagnosed as either tuberculosis or sarcoidosis...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728916/lobar-collapse-therapy-using-endobronchial-valves-as-a-new-complementary-approach-to-treat-cavities-in-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-difficult-to-treat-tuberculosis-a-case-series
#9
Lorenzo Corbetta, Ariela Tofani, Flavio Montinaro, Lucio Michieletto, Loris Ceron, Chiara Moroni, Pier Giorgio Rogasi
BACKGROUND: The poor treatment outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant TB and extremely and totally drug-resistant TB highlight the urgent need for new antituberculous drugs and other adjuvant treatment approaches. OBJECTIVES: We have treated cavitary tuberculosis by the application of endobronchial one-way valves (Zephyr®; Pulmonx Inc., Redwood City, Calif., USA) to induce lobar volume reduction as an adjunct to drug treatment...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719830/pulmonary-artery-invasion-caused-by-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#10
James Benjamin Gleason, Basheer Tashtoush, Jinesh Mehta, Edward Savage, Felipe Martinez, Atul C Mehta
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to Mycobacterium tuberculosis involving organs other than the lungs (eg, pleura, lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, abdomen, skin, joints and bones, or meninges). In non-HIV-endemic areas, where reactivation is the predominant mechanism of tuberculosis, pleural involvement occurs in 4% of cases. We present an extremely rare case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent patient with pleural tuberculosis confirmed by surgical pleural biopsies, who presented with a large mediastinal mass and evidence of pulmonary artery invasion on CT scanning and endobronchial ultrasonography imaging, highlighting a unique and malignant-like character of the disease...
October 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612871/sonographic-features-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-in-differentiation-of-benign-lymph-nodes
#11
Lei Wang, Weihua Wu, Jiajun Teng, Runbo Zhong, Baohui Han, Jiayuan Sun
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) features have been found to be a useful tool in differentiating malignant from benign lymph nodes, but the use of these features to distinguish benign intrathoracic lymphadenopathies, including tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and reactive lymphadenitis, has not been established. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of EBUS features in predicting tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and non-specific inflammation. One hundred eighty-eight patients with suspected benign lymphadenopathy were included in the study...
December 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578927/yield-of-new-versus-reused-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-needles-a-retrospective-analysis-of-500-patients
#12
Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Nalini Gupta, Babu Ram, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) requires a dedicated needle for aspiration of mediastinal lesions. There is no data on reuse of these needles. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA with either new or reused EBUS-TBNA needles. The needles were reused after thorough cleaning with filtered water and organic cleaning solution, disinfection with 2.4% glutaraldehyde solution followed by ethylene oxide sterilization...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511343/the-utility-of-ebus-tbna-in-mediastinal-or-hilar-lymph-node-evaluation-in-extrapulmonary-malignancy
#13
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
January 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503156/usefulness-of-lymphoid-granulomatous-inflammation-culture-obtained-by-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-a-fungal-endemic-area
#14
John Berger, Felix Zamora, Eitan Podgaetz, Rafael Andrade, H Erhan Dincer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the procedure of choice for the evaluation of mediastinal/hilar lymph node enlargements. Granulomatous inflammation of the mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes is often identified on routine histology. In addition, mediastinal lymphadenopathy may be present with undiagnosed infection. We sought to determine the usefulness of routine cultures and histology for infectious etiologies in a fungal endemic area when granulomatous inflammation is identified...
July 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477414/endoscopic-bronchial-occlusion-with-silicon-spigots-for-the-treatment-of-an-alveolar-pleural-fistula-during-anti-tuberculosis-therapy-for-tuberculous-empyema
#15
Takashi Nishihara, Manabu Hayama, Norio Okamoto, Ayako Tanaka, Takuji Nishida, Takayuki Shiroyama, Motohiro Tamiya, Naoko Morishita, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hiroto Matsuoka, Tomonori Hirashima
A prolonged air leak caused by pulmonary tuberculosis is difficult to treat, and little is known about optimal treatment strategies. We herein report the case of a 60-year-old man who demonstrated tuberculous empyema with a fistula. An air leak from a tuberculous cavity in his left upper lobe persisted for approximately 4 months; surgical repair could not be performed due to a poor physical status and undernourishment. However, the air leak was successfully treated with endobronchial occlusion using two silicone spigots in left B3b and B4, without any adverse effects or aggravation of the infection...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446564/value-of-radial-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-localization-of-solitary-pulmonary-nodules-with-the-combination-of-ultrathin-bronchoscopy-and-methylene-blue-prior-to-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#16
Chun-Hua Xu, Li-Ke Yu, Lan Cao, Rusong Yang, Jun Yan, Zheng-Cheng Liu, Yan Wang
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical value of radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS)-guided localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) with the combination of ultrathin bronchoscopy and methylene blue prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). An ultrathin bronchoscope was used to localize the lesions under RP-EBUS guidance in 48 patients (18 men and 30 women; age range, 41-72 years; mean age, 54 years), who subsequently underwent VATS resection. The lesion size, distance from the parietal pleura, localization time and complications were evaluated...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446391/endobronchial-fibroma-in-a-pneumoconiosis-patient-with-a-history-of-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Meifang Wang, Yuquan Liu, Dan Li, Chang Xiong, Xin Qian, Yijun Tang
Bronchial fibroma is uncommon, with only 18 cases reported since 1948. The current study presents a rare case of endobronchial fibroma, along with a relevant literature review. A 54-year-old male patient with pneumoconiosis and a history of tuberculosis was admitted to the Taihe Hospital Affiliated With Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China, due to refractory dry cough. Computed tomography of the chest showed multiple nodular and confluent opacities in the lung and one cavitation in the right upper lobe region...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424821/recent-advances-in-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#18
REVIEW
Takahiro Nakajima, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Taiki Fujiwara, Ichiro Yoshino
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive modality for sampling of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes as well as pulmonary lesions adjacent to the airway. Guidelines for staging of lung cancer suggest that EBUS-TBNA should be considered the best first test of nodal staging for radiologically abnormal lymph nodes that are accessible by this approach. The application of EBUS-TBNA in pulmonary medicine and thoracic oncology is expanding with its role in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, lymphoma, and tuberculosis...
July 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421131/-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-clinical-features-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
Anna Kempisty
Sarcoidosis is a rare multiorgan granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, mostly affecting young adults, with predilection for hilar lymph nodes and the lung. Despite clinical and histologic similarities between sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, the role of M. tuberculosis in the etiopathogenesis of sarcoidosis is still not clear. Over recent years numerous studies identifying peripheral blood T-cell response to various mycobacterial antigens were published. In parallel, there is no direct evidence for the role of alive M...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383932/bronchoscopic-diagnostic-procedures-and-microbiological-examinations-in-proving-endobronchial-tuberculosis
#20
Abdullah Şimşek, İlhami Yapıcı, Mesiha Babalık, Zekiye Şimşek, Mustafa Kolsuz
Objective: To determine the proportional distribution of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) subtypes and to evaluate the types of bronchoscopic diagnostic procedures that can prove granulomatous inflammation. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 18 HIV-negative patients with biopsy-proven EBTB treated between 2010 and 2014. Results: The most common EBTB subtypes, as classified by the bronchoscopic features, were tumorous and granular (in 22...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
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