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Sample preparation for scanning electron microscopy

Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Shilpi Agarwal, Elham Ahmadi, Pedram Afshar Nejad
In the present studies, modified NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites with guanidine were synthesized by anchoring method for carriers of anticancer drug "Caffeic acid phenethyl ester". The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Vibrating sample magnetometer. The results from XRD indicated that the crystalline size of NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites are 12 and 15nm, respectively...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Kenji Furuya, Akira Hafuka, Miho Kuroiwa, Hisashi Satoh, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Hiroshi Yamamura
We prepared novel membranes that could adsorb phosphate from water through membrane filtration for use in a phosphate recovery system. Zirconium sulfate surfactant micelle mesostructure (ZS), which was the phosphate adsorbent, was embedded in a polysulfone matrix and flat sheet ultrafiltration membranes were made by nonsolvent induced phase separation. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the ZS particles existed on both the top surface and in the internal surface of the membrane. Increases in ZS content led to greater pure water flux because of increases in the surface porosity ratio...
August 5, 2017: Water Research
Shang-Dong Yang, Liao Yang, Yuxiang Zheng, Wen-Jie Zhou, Meng-Yu Gao, Songyou Wang, Rong-Jun Zhang, Liangyao Chen
Bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3), with a wide bulk band gap and single massless Dirac cone at the surface, is a promising three-dimensional topological insulator. Bi2Se3 possesses gapless surface states and an insulator-like bulk band gap as a new type of quantum matter. Different Bi2Se3 nanostructures were prepared using electron beam evaporation (EBE) with high production efficiency. The structural investigations by energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed the sample stoichiometries and the structural transition mechanism from nanocrystals to nanoflakes...
August 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Arundhati Bhowmick, Sovan Lal Banerjee, Nilkamal Pramanik, Piyali Jana, Tapas Mitra, Arumugam Gnanamani, Manas Das, Patit Paban Kundu
The objective of this study is to design biomimetic organically modified montmorillonite clay (OMMT) supported chitosan/hydroxyapatite-zinc oxide (CTS/HAP-ZnO) nanocomposites (ZnCMH I-III) with improved mechanical and biological properties compared to previously reported CTS/OMMT/HAP composite. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to analyze the composition and surface morphology of the prepared nanocomposites...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bingqing Xu, Jingwei Li, Rujun Chen, Yuanhua Lin, Cewen Nan, Yang Shen
Well-dispersed Co/CoO/C nanospheres have been designed and constructed through a facile electrospinning method with a strategy controlling the morphology of nanocomposites via adjusting the pre-oxidized and heat treatments. Scanning electron microscopy results reveal that the as-synthesized sample pre-oxidized at 275 °C shows better spherical morphology with a diameter of around 300 nm without conspicuous agglomeration. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the coexistence of cobalt and cobalt monoxide in the sample...
November 24, 2016: Materials
Hung-Bin Lee, Hsueh-Chuan Hsu, Shih-Ching Wu, Shih-Kuang Hsu, Peng-Hsiang Wang, Wen-Fu Ho
We propose a simple and low-cost process for the preparation of porous Ti foams through a sponge replication method using single-step air sintering at various temperatures. In this study, the apatite-forming ability of air-sintered Ti samples after 21 days of immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) was investigated. The microstructures of the prepared Ca-P deposits were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
November 24, 2016: Materials
Yu-Wei Lai, Wen-Cheng J Wei
Homogeneous Bi₂O₃-V₂O₅ powder mixtures with different amounts of V₂O₅ content (≤15 mol%) were prepared by colloidal dispersion and sintering to high density. The sintered and annealed samples were studied by thermal analysis, quantitative X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The electrical and ionic conductivities of the conductors were also measured by a four-probe direct current (DC) method. The results of the samples prepared at 600-800 °C and annealed for as long as 100 h show that the sintered samples consisting of a pure γ phase or δ + γ binary phase perform differently in conductivity...
October 25, 2016: Materials
Min Zhu, Wenchuan Tang, Luyao Huang, Dawei Zhang, Cuiwei Du, Gaohong Yu, Ming Chen, Thee Chowwanonthapunya
Superhydrophobic films were fabricated on a titanium substrate with or without anodizing by using a self-assembling method. Firstly, the pretreatments of mechanical polishing/anodizing or mechanical polishing only were conducted, respectively. Subsequently, the preparation of polydopamine film layer, deposition of nano-silver particles, and post modification of 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecanethiol were performed on the surface of the pretreated substrate. The surface morphologies, compositions, wettability, and corrosion resistance of the films were investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS), water contact angle measurements, and electrochemical tests, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Materials
Jia Lei, Lei Zhou, Yongjian Tang, Yong Luo, Tao Duan, Wenkun Zhu
Robust, high-strength and environmentally friendly antibacterial composite films were prepared by simply blending konjac glucomannan (KGM) and silver nanowires (Ag NWs) in an aqueous system. The samples were then characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis, mechanical property tests, Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and antimicrobial tests. The results showed that there was a high ratio of Ag NWs uniformly distributed in the composite films, which was vital for mechanical reinforcement and stable antibacterial properties...
May 12, 2017: Materials
Olha Demkiv, Oleh Smutok, Mykhailo Gonchar, Marina Nisnevitch
Fabrication and characterization of a new amperometric chemosensor for accurate formaldehyde analysis based on platinized gold electrodes is described. The platinization process was performed electrochemically on the surface of 4 mm gold planar electrodes by both electrolysis and cyclic voltamperometry. The produced electrodes were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray spectral analysis. Using a low working potential (0.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl) enabled an essential increase in the chemosensor's selectivity for the target analyte...
May 6, 2017: Materials
Meng Wang, Ting Wang, Shenhua Song, Muchakayala Ravi, Renchen Liu, Shishan Ji
Based on precursor powders with a size of 200-300 nm prepared by the low-temperature solid-state reaction method, phase-pure YMnO₃ ceramics are fabricated using spark plasma sintering (SPS). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) reveal that the high-purity YMnO₃ ceramics can be prepared by SPS at 1000 °C for 5 minutes with annealing at 800 °C for 2 h. The relative density of the sample is as high as 97%, which is much higher than those of the samples sintered by other methods...
April 28, 2017: Materials
Wei Zhang, Xuhui She, Liping Wang, Huajun Fan, Qing Zhou, Xiaowen Huang, James Z Tang
A novel molecular imprinting polymer (MIP) was prepared by bulk polymerization using sulpiride as the template molecule, itaconic acid (ITA) as the functional monomer and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as the crosslinker. The formation of the MIP was determined as the molar ratio of sulpiride-ITA-EGDMA of 1:4:15 by single-factor experiments. The MIP showed good adsorption property with imprinting factor α of 5.36 and maximum adsorption capacity of 61.13 μmol/g, and was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and surface area analysis...
April 28, 2017: Materials
Meng Wang, Ting Wang, Shenhua Song, Qing Ma, Renchen Liu
Based on precursor powders with a size of 200-300 nm prepared by the low-temperature solid reaction method, phase-pure YFeO₃ ceramics are fabricated using spark plasma sintering (SPS) at different temperatures. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) reveal that the high-purity YFeO₃ ceramics can be prepared using SPS, while the results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) show that the concentration of oxygen vacancies resulting from transformation from Fe(3+) to Fe(2+) is low...
March 7, 2017: Materials
Zhi Wu, Rong-Rong Huang, Hang Yu, Yong-Chun Xie, Xiao-Yan Lv, Jing Su, Yun-Fei Long, Yan-Xuan Wen
Olivine-type LiMnPO₄/C nanorods were successfully synthesized in a chloride/ethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvent (DES) at 130 °C for 4 h under atmospheric pressure. As-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical tests. The prepared LiMnPO₄/C nanorods were coated with a thin carbon layer (approximately 3 nm thick) on the surface and had a length of 100-150 nm and a diameter of 40-55 nm...
February 6, 2017: Materials
Dae Hyeok Yang, Sun-Jung Yoon, Deok-Won Lee
The most ideal implant models in the dental and orthopedic fields to minimize the failure rate of implantation involve the improvement of osseointegration with host bone. Therefore, a focus of this study is the preparation of surface-modified titanium (Ti) samples of disc and screw types using dexamethasone (DEX) and/or growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5), as well as the evaluation of their efficacies on bone formation in vitro and in vivo. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and contact angle measurement were used to evaluate the surface chemical composition, surface morphology and wettability, respectively...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hadi Beitollahi, Abbas Gholami, Mohammad Reza Ganjali
In this work, a carbon paste electrode modified with Ag-ZnO nanoplates and 2-chlorobenzoyl ferrocene was prepared and applied for the determination of d-penicillamine in the presence of tryptophan. The morphologies of Ag-ZnO nanoplates were examined by scanning electron microscopy. It was found that under an optimum condition (pH 7.0), the oxidation of d-penicillamine at the surface of such an electrode occurs at a potential about 165 mV less positive than that of an unmodified carbon paste electrode. The diffusion coefficient (D = 7...
August 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
Seyed Ammar Haeri, Shahryar Abbasi, Sami Sajjadifar
In this paper, biosorption based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction in combination with magnetic solid phase extraction has been developed as a sample pretreatment method with high enrichment factor for the sensitive determination of ibuprofen in water samples. At first, magnetic Fe3 O4 /polypyrrole nanoparticles were synthesized and employed as sorbent for the magnetic solid phase extraction of ibuprofen. After the elution of the desired compound from the sorbent by using methanol, bio-sorption based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction technique was performed on the obtained solution...
July 28, 2017: Electrophoresis
Jonathan P Widdowson, Alex J Picton, Valerie Vince, Chris J Wright, Andrew Mearns-Spragg
Jellyfish have emerged as a source of next generation collagen that is an attractive alternative to existing sources, such as bovine and porcine, due to a plentiful supply and providing a safer source through lack of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) transmission risk and potential viral vectors, both of which could be transmitted to humans. Here we compare collagen implantable sponges derived for the first time from the Rhizostoma pulmo jellyfish. A further novelty for the research was that there was a comparison for sponges that were either uncrosslinked or crosslinked using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC), and an assessment on how this affected resorption, as well as their biocompatibility compared to bovine type I collagen sponges...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Yuanling Sun, Yanhui Wang, Jianbo Li, Chaofan Ding, Yanna Lin, Weiyan Sun, Chuannan Luo
In this work, an ultrasensitive chemiluminescence (CL) aptasensor was prepared for thrombin detection based on iron porphyrin catalyzing luminol - hydrogen peroxide luminescence under alkaline conditions, and iron porphyrin was desorbed from chitosan modified magnetic oxide graphene composite (CS@Fe3O4@GO). Firstly, CS@Fe3O4@GO was prepared. CS@Fe3O4@GO has advantages of the good biocompatibility and positively charged on its surface of CS, the large specific surface area of GO and the easy separation characteristics of Fe3O4...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
Matheus F Pedrotti, Leticia S F Pereira, Cezar A Bizzi, Jose N G Paniz, Juliano S Barin, Erico M M Flores
In the present work, for the first time a systematic study was performed using an infrared camera and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled to energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) to evaluate the mechanisms involved in microwave-induced combustion method, which has been extensively used for sample preparation. Cellulose and glass fiber discs, wetted with the igniter solution (6molL(-1) NH4NO3), were evaluated under microwave field in a monomode system. The temperature of the discs surface was recorded during microwave irradiation and the effect of NH4NO3 concentration and irradiation time on cellulose oxidation was evaluated...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
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