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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196583/opportunistic-screening-for-atrial-fibrillation-versus-detecting-symptomatic-patients-aged-65-years-and-older-a-cluster-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Virginia González Blanco, Luis Ángel Pérula de Torres, Enrique Martín Rioboó, Miguel Ángel Martínez Adell, Juan Manuel Parras Rejano, Jesús González Lama, Javier Ruiz Moruno, Remedios Martín Alvarez, José Ángel Fernández García, Joaquin Ruiz de Castroviejo, Ana Roldán Villalobos, Roger Ruiz Moral
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of opportunistic screening through pulse palpation in the early detection of atrial fibrillation in subjects aged≥65 years versus detection through an active search for patients with symptoms and/or complications and sequelae associated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled trial performed in 48 primary care centers of the Spanish National Healthcare System. A total of 368 physicians and nurses were randomized...
January 6, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196425/gu%C3%A3-as-alimentarias-para-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-espa%C3%A3-ola-senc-diciembre-2016-la-nueva-pir%C3%A3-mide-de-la-alimentaci%C3%A3-n-saludable
#2
Grupo Colaborativo de la Senc Diciembre
Objetivo: La Sociedad Española de Nutrición Comunitaria (SENC) planteó en 1994 una guía alimentaria para la población española, renovada en 2001. Se presenta una nueva edición actualizada basada en la mejor evidencia científi ca disponible.Métodos: Desde un enfoque de salud en todas las políticas se convocó un grupo de expertos en nutrición y salud pública vinculados con la SENC para revisar la evidencia sobre dieta-salud, ingesta nutricional y consumo alimentario en la población española, hábitos de preparación y consumo de alimentos, factores determinantes e impacto de la dieta en la sostenibilidad medioambiental...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177055/telephone-interventions-for-adherence-to-colpocytological-examination
#3
Thais Marques Lima, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
Objective: to test the effects of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone on adherence of women with inappropriate periodicity to colpocytological examination. Method: quasi-experimental study with a sample of 524 women, selected with the following inclusion criteria: be aged between 25 and 64 years, have initiated sexual activity, have inappropriate periodicity of examination and have mobile or landline phone. The women were divided into two groups for application of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone...
February 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169502/physiological-adaptation-of-maternal-plasma-volume-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
S de Haas, C Ghossein-Doha, S M J van Kuijk, J van Drongelen, M E A Spaanderman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the physiological pattern of gestational plasma volume adjustments in normal singleton pregnancy and compare this with the pattern in pregnancies complicated by pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia or fetal growth restriction. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of the current literature on plasma volume adjustments during physiological and complicated pregnancies. Literature was retrieved from PubMed (NCBI) and EMBASE (Ovid) databases...
February 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164327/liver-fibrosis-diagnosis-by-blood-test-and-elastography-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-agreement-or-combination
#5
P Calès, J Boursier, J Lebigot, V de Ledinghen, C Aubé, I Hubert, F Oberti
BACKGROUND: In chronic hepatitis C, the European Association for the Study of the Liver - Asociacion Latinoamericana para el Estudio del Higado recommends performing transient elastography and a blood test to diagnose significant fibrosis; test concordance confirms diagnosis. AIM: To validate this rule and improve it by combining a blood test, FibroMeter (virus second generation, Echosens, Paris, France) and transient elastography (constitutive tests) into a single combined test, as suggested by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America...
February 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159349/elimination-of-hepatitis-c-in-spain-adaptation-of-a-mathematical-model-based-on-the-public-health-strategic-plan-for-addressing-hepatitis-c-in-the-national-health-system
#6
María Buti, Jose Luis Calleja, Javier García-Samaniego, Miguel Ángel Serra, Javier Crespo, Manuel Romero, Miguel Ángel Simón, Juan Turnes, Antonio Javier Blasco, Pablo Lázaro, Sarah Robbins, Homie Razavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152196/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relation-between-therapeutic-alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-eating-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Tiffany A Graves, Nassim Tabri, Heather Thompson-Brenner, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Stephanie Bourion-Bedes, Amy Brown, Michael J Constantino, Christoph Flückiger, Sarah Forsberg, Leanna Isserlin, Jennifer Couturier, Gunilla Paulson Karlsson, Johannes Mander, Martin Teufel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby, Claudia Prestano, Dana A Satir, Susan Simpson, Richard Sly, J Hubert Lacey, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Giorgio A Tasca, Glenn Waller, Shannon L Zaitsoff, Renee Rienecke, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer J Thomas
The therapeutic alliance has demonstrated an association with favorable psychotherapeutic outcomes in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). However, questions remain about the inter-relationships between early alliance, early symptom improvement, and treatment outcome. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relations among these constructs, and possible moderators of these relations, in psychosocial treatments for EDs. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria and supplied sufficient supplementary data. Results revealed small-to-moderate effect sizes, βs = 0...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146182/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-appraisal-of-self-care-agency-scale-revised
#8
Thaís Santos Guerra Stacciarini, Ana Emilia Pace
Objective: to analyze the factor structure of the Appraisal of Self-Care Agency Scale-Revised (ASAS-R), adapted for Brazil. Method: methodological study conducted with 150 individuals with diabetes mellitus cared for by the Family Health Strategy, most of whom are elderly with low educational levels. The test of the hypothesis concerning the confirmatory factor composition of the ASAS-R was performed using latent variables structural equations. Results: the model's goodness-of-fit indexes were satisfactory (χ2 = 259...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146181/educational-intervention-in-primary-care-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-syphilis
#9
Flaviane Mello Lazarini, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa
Objectives: to evaluate the efficiency of educational interventions related to the knowledge of health care professionals of Primary Care and to verify the impact on the vertical transmission rates of congenital syphilis. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted in the city of Londrina, Paraná, between 2013 and 2015. An educational intervention on diagnosis, treatment and notification was carried out with 102 professionals with knowledge measurement before and after the intervention...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146180/perceptional-gaps-among-women-husbands-and-family-members-about-intentions-for-birthplace-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yoko Shimpuku, Frida Elikana Madeni, Shigeko Horiuchi, Sebalda Charles Leshabari
Objective: women are more likely to give birth at a health facility when their families agree with the birthplace. However, in rural areas of Tanzania, women are often marginalized from decision-making. This study predicted birthplace intention and identified factors to reduce perceptional gaps among pregnant women, husbands and family members. Method: explanatory cross-sectional survey was conducted in three villages in North Eastern Tanzania. Participants were 138 pregnant women and their families who answered the Birth Intention Questionnaire (BIQ), measuring knowledge, attitude, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms and intention for birthplace...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#11
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146178/universal-health-coverage-through-community-nursing-services-china-vs-hong-kong
#12
Wai Yee Chan, Ita M Fung, Eric Chan
Objective: this article looks at how the development of community nursing services in China and Hong Kong can enhance universal health coverage. Methods: literature and data review have been utilized in this study. Results: nursing services have evolved much since the beginning of the nursing profession. The development of community nursing services has expanded the scope of nursing services to those in need of, not just hospital-level nursing care, but more holistic care to improve health and quality of life...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146176/exploration-of-priority-actions-for-strengthening-the-role-of-nurses-in-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#13
Rowaida Al Maaitah, Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub
Objective: to explore priority actions for strengthening the role of Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs) towards the achievement of Universal Health Converge (UHC) as perceived by health key informants in Jordan. Methods: an exploratory qualitative design, using a semi-structured survey, was utilized. A purposive sample of seventeen key informants from various nursing and health care sectors was recruited for the purpose of the study. Content analysis utilizing the five-stage framework approach was used for data analysis...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146159/governance-and-mental-health-contributions-for-public-policy-approach
#14
Lina Díaz-Castro, Armando Arredondo, Blanca Estela Pelcastre-Villafuerte, Marc Hufty
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the conceptualization of the term governance on public mental health programs. METHODS: In this systematic review, we analyzed the scientific literature published in the international scenario during 15 years (from 2000 to 2015). The databases analyzed were: Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and PubMed. Governance and mental health were the descriptors. We included relevant articles according to our subject of study and levels of analysis: (i) the concept of governance in mental health; (ii) process and decision spaces; (iii) strategic and pertinent actors who operate in the functioning of the health system, and (iv) social regulations...
January 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137633/week-4-response-predicts-sustained-virologic-response-to-all-oral-direct-acting-antiviral-based-therapy-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-3-infection
#15
Juan A Pineda, Luis E Morano-Amado, Rafael Granados, Juan Macías, Francisco Téllez, Miguel García-Deltoro, María J Ríos, Antonio Collado, Marcial Delgado-Fernández, Marta Suárez-Santamaría, Miriam Serrano, Celia Miralles-Álvarez, Karin Neukam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the predictive capacity of response at treatment week (TW) 4 for the achievement of sustained virologic response 12 weeks after the scheduled end of therapy date (SVR12) to treatment against hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 3-infection with all-oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a prospective multicohort study, HCV GT3-infected patients who completed a course of currently recommended DAA-based therapy at 33 Spanish hospitals and who had reached SVR12 evaluation timepoint were selected...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128426/-brief-neuropsychological-battery-for-multiple-sclerosis-normative-data-stratified-by-age-and-educational-level
#16
P Duque, J Oltra-Cucarella, O Fernandez, J Sepulcre, Grupo de Estudio de la Bateria Neuropsicologica Breve En la Esclerosis Multiple Grupo de Estudio de la Bateria Neuropsicologica Breve En la Esclerosis Multiple
INTRODUCTION: Interpretation of the performance on cognitive tests for neuropsychological assessment in multiple sclerosis (MS) differs according to the educational level of the examinee. AIMS: To provide normative data for the Brief Neuropsychological Battery (BNB) for MS stratified by age and education, as well as to demonstrate the utility of the battery for discriminating between healthy controls and patients with MS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 701 healthy volunteers from the original normative sample were stratified by age and education using regression analyses of standard scores...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126231/changes-in-fatty-liver-index-after-consuming-a-mediterranean-diet-6-year-follow-up-of-the-predimed-malaga-trial
#17
Raquel Cueto-Galán, Francisco Javier Barón, Pedro Valdivielso, Xavier Pintó, Emili Corbella, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Julia Wärnberg
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of an intervention with a Mediterranean diet supplemented with either extra virgin olive oil or nuts, on the fatty liver index (FLI), compared to a low-fat control diet. METHODS: Participants of the PREDIMED-Malaga trial, free from cardiovascular disease at baseline, but with a high risk to develop it, were included in this study. Anthropometric measurements were assessed and blood samples were taken to calculate participants' FLI at study baseline and after one, 3, 5 and 6 years...
January 23, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097859/-proposal-to-update-the-anthropometric-evaluation-of-the-newborn
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053208/impacts-of-tillage-maturity-group-and-insecticide-use-on-megacopta-cribraria-hemiptera-plataspidae-populations-in-double-cropped-soybean
#19
Alejandro I Del Pozo-Valdivia, Dominic D Reisig, Jack S Bacheler
Megacopta cribraria (F.), also known as the kudzu bug, is a soybean pest in the United States, and it can cause up to a 60% yield reduction if not controlled. Insecticides are commonly used to manage this pest in commercial soybean fields. However, other soybean production practices may also affect kudzu bug populations. This study investigated the effect of soil tillage, maturity group selection, and insecticide use on kudzu bug densities in soybean. During 2012 and 2013, at two locations each year in North Carolina, four varieties of soybean maturity groups were planted in June into conventionally tilled plots and into plots with cereal crop residue under reduced tillage conditions (mimicking double-crop production)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042788/-update-of-the-gleason-system-and-other-prognostic-pathological-data-in-prostate-cancer-tumor-load
#20
Ricardo García-González, Ricardo García-Navas, José Montáns-Araújo
Desde que D. F. Gleason creara su sistema en 1966 (1 ) y que él mismo modificó en 1974 (2), su método ha sido universalmente aceptado y recomendado por la OMS (3)como factor pronóstico del carcinoma prostático (CaP). Pero, la generalización de la prueba del PSA a partir de 1979 (4), del desarrollo de la TRUS (5) y de la "biopty-gun" para la toma de biopsias en sextantes en los años 80 (6), y sus posteriores modificaciones, son hechos que han cambiado paulatinamente la postura ante el CaP y, con la experiencia adquirida, algunas de las reglas iniciales de Gleason han evolucionado...
December 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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