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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339826/the-importance-of-considering-competing-treatment-affecting-prognosis-in-the-evaluation-of-therapy-in-trials-the-example-of-renal-transplantation-in-hemodialysis-trials
#1
C Marijn Hazelbag, Sanne A E Peters, Peter J Blankestijn, Michiel L Bots, Bernard Canaud, Andrew Davenport, Muriel P C Grooteman, Fatih Kircelli, Francesco Locatelli, Francisco Maduell, Marion Morena, Menso J Nubé, Ercan Ok, Ferran Torres, Arno W Hoes, Rolf H H Groenwold
Background.: During the follow-up in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), participants may receive additional (non-randomly allocated) treatment that affects the outcome. Typically such additional treatment is not taken into account in evaluation of the results. Two pivotal trials of the effects of hemodiafiltration (HDF) versus hemodialysis (HD) on mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease reported differing results. We set out to evaluate to what extent methods to take other treatments (i...
February 27, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320556/-organization-and-preservation-of-the-collection-of-pathogenic-and-fungal-symbionts-of-insects-and-other-arthropods-from-cepave-conicet-unlp-la-plata-argentina
#2
Alejandra Concepción Gutierrez, Julieta Tornesello-Galván, Romina Guadalupe Manfrino, Marcela Hipperdinger, Marianel Falvo, Celeste D'Alessandro, Claudia Cristina López Lastra
The collection of fungal pathogens and symbionts of insects and other arthropods of the Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores, La Plata, Argentina, is unique because it preserves in vivo and in vitro cultures of fungal pathogens. This culture collection is open for research, teaching, consulting services, and strain deposit. It contains 421 strains belonging to 23 genera (16 Ascomycota, 4 Entomophthoromycotina, 2 Glomeromycota and 1 Oomycota), and the cultures are preserved by different methods such as cryopreservation in freezer at -20°C and -70°C, paper, distilled water and lyophilization...
March 17, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#3
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301036/factors-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-in-women-with-cancer
#4
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim
Objectives: to analyze the factors associated with poor sleep quality, its characteristics and components in women with breast cancer prior to surgery for removing the tumor and throughout the follow-up. Method: longitudinal study in a teaching hospital, with a sample of 102 women. The following were used: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and clinical characterization, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the Beck Depression Inventory; and the Herth Hope Scale...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301035/comparison-among-the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-the-return-rate-to-receive-the-pap-test-report-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Thaís Marques Lima, Denise de Fátima Fernandes Barbosa
Objective: to test the effects of a behavioral, an educative and a comparative intervention on women's adherence to the return appointment to receive the pap test report. Methods: randomized controlled clinical trial at a Primary Health Care Service, involving three groups: EG (educative session and test demonstration), BG (recall ribbon) and standard intervention (card containing the return appointment - graphical reminder), called comparative group here (CG). To select the sample, the following was established: having started sexual activity and undergoing the pap smear during the study, resulting in 775 women...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301034/professional-nursing-practice-in-critical-units-assessment-of-work-environment-characteristics
#6
Luiz Felipe Sales Maurício, Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno, Cássia Regina Vancini Campanharo, Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes, Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco, Ruth Ester Assayag Batista
Objective: assess the autonomy, control over environment, and organizational support of nurses' work process and the relationships between physicians and nurses in critical care units. Method: cross-sectional study conducted with 162 nurses working in the intensive care units and emergency service of a university hospital. The workers' satisfaction with their work environment was assessed using Brazilian Nursing Work Index - Revised, translated and adapted for the Brazilian culture...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301031/management-changes-resulting-from-hospital-accreditation
#7
João Lucas Campos de Oliveira, Carmen Silvia Gabriel, Hosanna Pattrig Fertonani, Laura Misue Matsuda
Objective: to analyze managers and professionals' perceptions on the changes in hospital management deriving from accreditation. Method: descriptive study with qualitative approach. The participants were five hospital quality managers and 91 other professionals from a wide range of professional categories, hierarchical levels and activity areas at four hospitals in the South of Brazil certified at different levels in the Brazilian accreditation system. They answered the question "Tell me about the management of this hospital before and after the Accreditation"...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301030/cultural-adaptation-and-reliability-of-the-compliance-with-standard-precautions-scale-csps-for-nurses-in-brazil
#8
Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira, Simon Ching Lam, Elucir Gir
Objective: this study aimed to carry of the cultural adaptation and to evaluate the reliability of the Compliance with Standard Precautions Scale (CSPS) for nurses in Brazil. Method: the adaptation process entailed translation, consensus among judges, back-translation, semantic validation and pretest. The reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) and stability (test-retest). The instrument was administered to a sample group of 300 nurses who worked in a large hospital located in the city of São Paulo/SP, Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301029/assessment-of-the-culture-of-safety-in-public-hospitals-in-brazil
#9
Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho, Lidyane Parente Arruda, Nayanne Karen Pinheiro do Nascimento, Renata Lopes Sampaio, Maria Lígia Silva Nunes Cavalcante, Ana Carolina Pinto Costa
Objective: to assess the culture of safety in three public hospitals. Method: transversal study undertaken in three Brazilian public hospitals, with health professionals through applying the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). Scores greater than or equal to 75 were considered positive. Results: a total of 573 professionals participated in the study, including nurse technicians and auxiliary nurses 292 (51%), nurses 105 (18.3%), physicians 59 (10...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#10
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300964/effects-of-a-12-hour-shift-on-mood-states-and-sleepiness-of-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nurses
#11
Tadeu Sartini Ferreira, Clarice Zinato Moreira, James Guo, Franco Noce
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a 12-hour shift on mood states and sleepiness at the beginning and end of the shift. METHOD: Quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study.It was conducted with 70 neonatal intensive care unit nurses. The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS), Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS), and a socio-demographic profile questionnaire were administered. RESULTS: When the KSS and BRUMS scores were compared at the beginning of the shift associations were found with previous sleep quality (p ≤ 0...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286959/dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-senc-december-2016-the-new-graphic-icon-of-healthy-nutrition
#12
Javier Aranceta Bartrina, Victoria Arija Val, Edurne Maíz Aldalur, Emilio Martínez de la Victoria Muñoz, Rosa María Ortega Anta, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Amelia Rodríguez Martín, Blanca Román Viñas, Gemma Salvador Castell, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Gregorio Varela Moreiras, Lluis Serra Majem
Objective: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) designed in 1994 a food guide for the Spanish population, updated in 2001. This report presents a new updated edition based on the best scientifi c evidence available. Methods: From a health in all policies approach, a group of experts in nutrition and public health associated with SENC was convened to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrition intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation and consumption habits, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279536/clinical-characteristics-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-spain-comparison-with-the-2008-2009-period-and-analysis-of-the-causes-of-diagnosis-out-of-screening-programs-analysis-of-686-cases-in-73-centers
#13
Carlos Rodríguez de Lope, María Reig, Ana Matilla, María Teresa Ferrer, Eva Dueñas, Beatriz Mínguez, Javier F Castroagudín, Inmaculada Ortiz, Sonia Pascual, José Luis Lledó, Adolfo Gallego, Juan I Arenas, Carles Aracil, Montserrat Forne, Carolina Muñoz, Fernando Pons, Margarita Sala, Mercedes Iñarrairaegui, Marta Martin-Llahi, Victoria Andreu, Carmen Garre, Paloma Rendón, Javier Fuentes, Javier Crespo, Manuel Rodríguez, Jordi Bruix, María Varela
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 2010 we published that 53% of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) detected in Spain were diagnosed outside the context of standard screening programs, which consequently leads to lower survival rates. The aim of this study was to analyze the current situation and the causes of diagnosis out of screening programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective registry of 73 second- and third-level Spanish healthcare centers carried out between October 1, 2014 and January 31, 2015...
March 6, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276227/-usefulness-of-biomarkers-to-predict-bacteraemia-in-patients-with-infection-in-the-emergency-department
#14
REVIEW
A Julián-Jiménez, F J Candel, J González-Del Castillo
Between all patients attended in the Emergency Department (ED), 14.3% have an infectious disease diagnosis. Blood cultures (BC) are obtained in 14.6% of patients and have a profitability of 20%, whereas 1% are considered as contaminated and 1-3% of positive cultures correspond to discharge patients ("hidden bacteraemia"). The highest number of confirmed bacteraemias comes from the samples of patients with urinary tract infections, followed by community-acquired pneumonia. The suspicion and detection of bacteraemia have an important diagnostic and prognostic significance and could modify some important making-decisions (admission, BC request, administration of appropriate and early antimicrobial, etc)...
March 8, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244798/sesgos-en-la-medici%C3%A3-n-del-%C3%A3-ndice-de-masa-corporal-en-adultos-mayores
#15
Gabriel Conroy-Ferreccio
En relación con el artículo "Influencia del sobrepeso y obesidad sobre el tiempo de equilibrio del deuterio, pero no en el agua corporal total y la composición corporal en mujeres mayores de 60 años", es necesario discutir sobre cuál es la mejor definición de sobrepeso y obesidad en adultos mayores en este tipo de estudios.
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244796/biomarcadores-de-pron%C3%A3-stico-modificables-nutricionalmente-en-el-paciente-con-c%C3%A3-ncer-colorrectal-tras-el-diagn%C3%A3-stico-de-la-enfermedad
#16
Beatriz Escudero Paniagua, Alicia Aguilar-Martínez, Begoña Manuel Keenoy
Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es el segundo cáncer más frecuente en el mundo occidental, de tal manera que se diagnostican cerca de 1 millón de casos nuevos por año. La tasa de supervivencia de pacientes con CCR varía ampliamente, aun entre pacientes con el mismo tumor histológico. Esto posiblemente es debido al impacto de los factores ambientales sobre el desarrollo tumoral. Dentro de estos factores, destaca la dieta. Se conoce que la nutrición puede modificar el riesgo de padecer CCR...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#17
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244794/utilidad-en-la-cl%C3%A3-nica-de-la-goma-guar-parcialmente-hidrolizada-revisi%C3%A3-n-de-la-evidencia-y-experiencia
#18
Ana Cantón Blanco, M ª Teresa Fernández López, Gloria Lugo Rodríguez, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, Regina Palmeiro Carballeira, Francisco Pita Gutiérrez, Cristina Tejera Pérez
Introducción: la fibra dietética es un componente importante de la dieta humana. Cada tipo de fibra tiene efectos específicos a nivel metabólico y en el funcionamiento gastrointestinal, por lo que en cada patología concreta habremos de elegir la fibra óptima teniendo en cuenta sus propiedades químicas, físicas y fisiológicas.Objetivo: encuadrar la goma guar parcialmente hidrolizada en su lugar en el complejo marco de la fibra dietética, revisar sus propiedades físico-químicas y posibles mecanismos de acción; así como su potencial utilidad en distintas situaciones clínicas en pacientes adultos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244793/ayudas-ergog%C3%A3-nicas-en-el-deporte
#19
Virginia Santesteban Moriones, Javier Ibáñez Santos
Introducción: muy pocos suplementos nutricionales han demostrado científicamente su eficacia como ayuda ergogénica. Esta revisión analizará el monohidrato de creatina (MC), el β-hidroxi-β-metilbutirato (HMB), el bicarbonato sódico (BS), la β-alanina y la cafeína.Objetivos: analizar la eficacia, mecanismos de acción, dosis, efectos adversos y algunos deportes que se pueden beneficiar de su consumo.Métodos: búsqueda en la base de datos PubMed de revisiones bibliográficas de los últimos 15 años y artículos originales de los últimos 5 años de las sustancias estudiadas...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244790/estimaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-prevalencia-de-los-fenotipos-en-pacientes-con-enfermedad-pulmonar-obstructiva-cr%C3%A3-nica-estudio-adepocle
#20
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Víctor Lumbreras González, Juan Martínez de Mandojana Hernández
Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de los fenotipos de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) en la provincia de León.Métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, multicéntrico (30 centros de salud de la provincia de León). Incluyó pacientes mayores de 35 años diagnosticados y tratados de EPOC. Variables a estudio: edad, sexo, hábitat, datos antropométricos, tabaquismo, espirometría posbroncodilatadora, disnea (mMRC), reagudizaciones, gravedad (índice Bodex), hospitalizaciones, tratamiento, seguimiento y caracterización del fenotipo (GesEOPC 2014)...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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