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Jürgen Rehm, Gerrit Gmel, Cristina Serra, Antoni Gual
AbstractWith help of a simulation study, the potential effects of better detection of hypertension and improved screening for alcohol problems with subsequent interventions were estimated.  Results showed, that if 50% of Spanish men between 40 and 64 years of age currently not aware of their hypertension could be made aware of their condition and received usual interventions, and 50% among men with hypertension would be screened for alcohol and received interventions for hazardous drinking or treatment for alcohol use disorders, the percentage of uncontrolled hypertension among men with hypertension would decrease from 61...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
Cristina Calvo, Isabel Aguado, María Luz García-García, Esther Ruiz-Chercoles, Eloisa Díaz-Martinez, Rosa María Albañil, Olga Campelo, Antonio Olivas, Luisa Muñóz-Gonzalez, Francisco Pozo, Rosa Fernandez-Arroyo, Adelaida Fernandez-Rincón, Ana Calderon, Inmaculada Casas
INTRODUCTION: It is known that infants with viral respiratory infections severe enough to require hospital admission have a high risk of developing recurrent wheezing. Few data have been published on unselected populations. The main aim of this study was to analyse symptomatic and asymptomatic respiratory viral infections during the first year of life in a cohort of infants, recruited at birth, and the development of recurrent wheezing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 302 newborns were recruited...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Aline Maria Bonini Moysés, Lais Corsino Durant, Ana Maria de Almeida, Thais de Oliveira Gozzo
Objective: to identify factors related to the nursing diagnosis nausea among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: integrative review conducted in four electronic databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, CINAHL and LILACS) using the key words: neoplasia, antineoplastic agents and nausea. Results: only 30 out of 1,258 papers identified met the inclusion criteria. The most frequent related factors were: being younger than 50 years old, motion sickness, being a woman, emetogenic potential of the chemotherapy, anxiety, conditioned stimulus, and expecting nausea after treatment...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Roque da Silva Araújo, Edna Apparecida Moura Arcuri, Victor Cauê Lopes
Objective: to verify causes of inactivity in the Home Delivery Medicament Program, as referred by users from a Primary Health Care Service in São Paulo, comparing them to the causes registered in the program and analyzing them in the theoretical model Concept of Access to Health. Methods: cross-sectional study, interviewing 111 inactive users; and documentary study in the program records. Results: half of the users did not know the condition of inactivity...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Luciana Mara Monti Fonseca, Natália Del' Angelo Aredes, Ananda Maria Fernandes, Luís Manuel da Cunha Batalha, Jorge Manuel Amado Apóstolo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Manuel Alves Rodrigues
Objectives: to evaluate the cognitive learning of nursing students in neonatal clinical evaluation from a blended course with the use of computer and laboratory simulation; to compare the cognitive learning of students in a control and experimental group testing the laboratory simulation; and to assess the extracurricular blended course offered on the clinical assessment of preterm infants, according to the students. Method: a quasi-experimental study with 14 Portuguese students, containing pretest, midterm test and post-test...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
María Elena Ávila, Belén Martínez-Ferrer, Alejandro Vera, Alejandro Bahena, Gonzalo Musitu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationships between victimization, perception of insecurity, and changes in routines. METHODS: The 8,170 subjects of both sexes (49.9% women and 50.1% men) aged between 12 and 60 years, selected from a proportional stratified sampling, participated in this study. The measuring instrument was an adaptation of the National Survey on Victimization and Perception of Public Security. Chi-square tests were performed. RESULTS: The results show significant differences on victimization and sex regarding perception of insecurity, restrictions on everyday activities, and protection measures...
October 3, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
S de la Mata, M Escobar, M Cabrerizo, M Gómez, R González, J López-Herce Cid
OBJECTIVE: To study the organization of inter-hospital transport of pediatric and neonatal patients in Spain, Portugal and Latin America. DESIGN: An observational study was performed. An on-line survey was sent by email including questions about characteristics of national, regional and local health transport systems, vehicles, material, and composition of the transport team and their training. SETTING: Hospital pediatric healthcare professionals treating children in Spain, Portugal and Latin America RESULTS: A total of 117 surveys from 15 countries were analyzed...
September 30, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
R K Osman, K Mortimer, G Bjune, A I El Sony
Background: Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the global CRD epidemic collides with the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in many low- and middle-income country settings, the risk of TB-associated CRD is not well described in countries with a high burden of TB. Methods: We recruited 136 patients with a history of sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) from the TB clinic at Omdurman Teaching Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan, and 136 age- and sex-matched community controls, between 28 July 2013 and 30 December 2013...
September 2016: Public Health Action
R Garreta-Figuera, A Torrequebrada-Gimenez, En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e
INTRODUCTION: Although spasticity is a disabling complication of high incidence, there is a lack of either regional or national epidemiological studies in Spain evaluating its management. AIM: To evaluate the management of spasticity in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An epidemiological, observational, multicenter, and retrospective study involving 49 rehabilitation services of public and private hospitals was designed. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-five patients from 49 centers, with evidence of upper (UL) or lower limb (LL) spasticity with one valid baseline visit and at least one follow-up visit, were included...
October 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
G Zapata-Wainberg, S Quintas, A Ximénez-Carrillo Rico, L Benavente Fernández, J Masjuan Vallejo, J Gállego Culleré, M Del M Freijó Guerrero, J Egido, J C Gómez Sánchez, A Martínez Domeño, F Purroy, B Vives Pastor, M Rodríguez Yáñez, J Vivancos
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial haemorrhages (ICH) represent a severe and frequently lethal complication in patients treated with vitamin K antagonists (VKA). The purpose of our study is to describe the factors and clinical features associated with mortality in these patients. METHODS: We conducted an observational, retrospective, multi-centre study based on prospective stroke registries in Spain. We included all patients admitted to neurology departments during a one-year period who met the following inclusion criteria: being 18 or older, having a diagnosis of ICH, and receiving VKA...
September 16, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Pilar Serrano-Gallardo, Mercedes Martínez-Marcos, Flora Espejo-Matorrales, Tiemi Arakawa, Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Ione Carvalho Pinto
OBJECTIVE: to identify the students' perception about the quality of clinical placements and asses the influence of the different tutoring processes in clinical learning. METHODS: analytical cross-sectional study on second and third year nursing students (n=122) about clinical learning in primary health care. The Clinical Placement Evaluation Tool and a synthetic index of attitudes and skills were computed to give scores to the clinical learning (scale 0-10). Univariate, bivariate and multivariate (multiple linear regression) analyses were performed...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Daniele de Oliveira Prates, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the interruptions experienced by nursing professionals while undertaking care activities. METHOD: an observational study undertaken in two intensive care units. Two nurses observed 33 nursing professionals for three hours. The data were recorded in real time, using a semistructured instrument. RESULTS: after 99 hours of observation of 739 activities, it was identified that 46.82% were interrupted, resulting in 7.85 interruptions per hour...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Elaine Amaral de Paula, Mônica Barros Costa, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Rita Maria Rodrigues Bastos, Chislene Pereira Vanelli, Christiane Chaves Augusto Leite, Márcio Santos Caminhas, Rogério Baumgratz de Paula
OBJECTIVE: to assess the structure and results obtained by the "Chronic Renal Patients Care Program" in a Brazilian city. METHOD: epidemiological, cross-sectional study conducted in 14 PHC units and a secondary center from 2010 to 2013. The Donabedian Model was the methodological framework used. A total of 14 physicians, 13 supervisors, and 11 community health agents from primary healthcare were interviewed for the assessment of structure and process and 1,534 medical files from primary healthcare and 282 from secondary care were consulted to assess outcomes...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Daniele Alcalá Pompeo, Arélica de Carvalho, Aline Morgado Olive, Maria da Graça Girade Souza, Sueli Aparecida Frari Galera
OBJECTIVE: to identify the coping strategies of family members of patients with mental disorders and relate them to family member sociodemographic variables and to the patient's clinical variables. METHOD: this was a descriptive study conducted at a psychiatric hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo, with 40 family members of hospitalized patients over the age of 18, and who followed the patient before and during hospitalization. We used tools to characterize the subjects and the Folkman and Lazarus Inventory of Coping Strategies...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Igor Vázquez-Osorio, Sara García-Rodiño, Marta Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Labandeira, José Manuel Suárez-Peñaranda, MDolores Sánchez-Aguilar, Hugo Vázquez-Veiga
La criptococosis cutánea es una micosis propia de pacientes inmunodeprimidos, sobre todo aquellos con infección por el virusde la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Sin embargo, existen casos infrecuentes de criptococosis cutánea en pacientes inmunocompetentes, que suelen simular otras dermatosis, lo que retrasa su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Presentamos el caso de un varón pluripatológico de 79 años, con úlceras dolorosas en dorso de mano derecha que no respondían a tratamientos tópicos. A través del estudio histopatológico y micológico se alcanzó el diagnóstico de criptococosis cutánea primaria, lográndose la remisión de las lesiones tras 6 meses de tratamiento con fluconazol...
May 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Ramón García-Sanz, Luis Antonio Corchete, Miguel Alcoceba, María Carmen Chillon, Cristina Jiménez, Isabel Prieto, María García-Álvarez, Noemi Puig, Immaculada Rapado, Santiago Barrio, Albert Oriol, María Jesús Blanchard, Javier de la Rubia, Rafael Martínez, Juan José Lahuerta, Marcos González Díaz, María Victoria Mateos, Jesús Fernando San Miguel, Joaquín Martínez-López, María Eugenia Sarasquete
Bortezomib- and thalidomide-based therapies have significantly contributed to improved survival of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, treatment-induced peripheral neuropathy (TiPN) is a common adverse event associated with them. Risk factors for TiPN in MM patients include advanced age, prior neuropathy, and other drugs, but there are conflicting results about the role of genetics in predicting the risk of TiPN. Thus, we carried out a genome-wide association study based on more than 300 000 exome single nucleotide polymorphisms in 172 MM patients receiving therapy involving bortezomib and thalidomide...
September 8, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Isidoro González-Álvaro, Isabel Castrejón, Ana M Ortiz, Esther Toledano, Santos Castañeda, Alberto García-Vadillo, Loreto Carmona
OBJECTIVE: To estimate cut-off points and to establish response criteria for the Hospital Universitario La Princesa Index (HUPI) in patients with chronic polyarthritis. METHODS: Two cohorts, one of early arthritis (Princesa Early Arthritis Register Longitudinal [PEARL] study) and other of long-term rheumatoid arthritis (Estudio de la Morbilidad y Expresión Clínica de la Artritis Reumatoide [EMECAR]) including altogether 1200 patients were used to determine cut-off values for remission, and for low, moderate and high activity through receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis...
2016: PloS One
Carlos Eduardo Pinzón-Flórez, Evelina Chapman, Leonardo Cubillos, Ludovic Reveiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe strategies that contribute to the comprehensive approach to the judicialization of health in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: A search was structured to identify articles presenting strategies to approach the judicialization of health. A survey was designed, which included actors of the health system and judiciary sector. We prioritized the strategies qualified by more than the 50.0% of the participants as "very relevant"...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Maria Cristina Soares Rodrigues, Cesar de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to identify and summarize studies examining both drug-drug interactions (DDI) and adverse drug reactions (ADR) in older adults polymedicated. METHODS: an integrative review of studies published from January 2008 to December 2013, according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, in MEDLINE and EMBASE electronic databases were performed. RESULTS: forty-seven full-text studies including 14,624,492 older adults (≥ 60 years) were analyzed: 24 (51...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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