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neurocognitive and behavioral outcome after renal transplant..

K Gulleroglu, E Baskin, U S Bayrakci, M Aydogan, F Alehan, A Kantar, F Karakayali, G Moray, M Haberal
Neurocognitive dysfunction is one of the major complications of chronic renal failure (CRF). Uremic state during CRF encompasses a wide spectrum of neurobehavioral and neurological disturbances. Recent studies showed that the pathophysiology of neurocognitive dysfunction in CRF is related to plasma levels of uremic solutes. Successful renal transplantation improves renal, metabolic, and endocrine functions and the quality of life. The aim of our study was to determine the state of neurocognitive function in pediatric renal transplant recipients...
2013: Transplantation Proceedings
Joanna J Moser, Pamela M Veale, Debbie L McAllister, David P Archer
BACKGROUND: Concern has been expressed that infants and children exposed to uneventful surgery and anesthesia may incur neurological injury that becomes manifest in poor scholastic performance or future learning difficulties. A recent meta-analysis of seven clinical studies examined the relationship between learning or behavior difficulties and pediatric exposure to anesthesia/surgery and reported an odds ratio of 1.4; however, the level of association and causal factors remain unclear...
November 2013: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Irena Nulman, Michael Sgro, Maru Barrera, David Chitayat, John Cairney, Gideon Koren
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressant therapy is essential in the prevention of organ transplant rejection. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of children following in utero ciclosporin (cyclosporine) exposure after maternal renal transplantation. METHODS: A cohort study with matched controls using a prospectively collected database was conducted to assess neurocognitive and behavioral outcomes using standardized measures...
April 1, 2010: Paediatric Drugs
Arlene C Gerson, Robert Butler, Marva Moxey-Mims, Alicia Wentz, Shlomo Shinnar, Marc B Lande, Susan R Mendley, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Stephen R Hooper
Given the rise in chronic kidney disease (CKD) in both children and adults, CKD has recently been targeted as a public health priority. Childhood onset kidney disease is generally a noncurable and progressive condition that leads to kidney failure by early adulthood. Fortunately, improved identification of kidney problems allows for early intervention, which is thought to slow progression toward end-stage renal disease. In addition, medical interventions for pediatric end-stage renal disease have also improved, allowing children to take advantage of lifesaving renal replacement treatments such as dialysis and kidney transplantation...
2006: Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
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