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child undernutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912766/non-random-distribution-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopia-spatial-analysis-from-the-2011-ethiopia-demographic-and-health-survey
#1
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu
BACKGROUND: Child undernutrition showed geographical inequalities due to variations in contextual determinants from area to area which indicates that location is an important factor in child undernutrition. However, there are limited studies on spatial epidemiology of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to identify the SaTScan spatial clusters of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Nutritional indices of children (0-59 months) with Global Positioning System (GPS) location data were accessed from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) after getting permission from the MEASURES Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852266/trends-and-determinants-of-inequities-in-childhood-stunting-in-bangladesh-from-1996-7-to-2014
#2
Atonu Rabbani, Akib Khan, Sifat Yusuf, Alayne Adams
BACKGROUND: We explore long-term trends and determinants of socioeconomic inequities in chronic childhood undernutrition measured by stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh. Given that one in three children remain stunted in Bangladesh, the socioeconomic mapping of stunting prevalence may be critical in designing public policies and interventions to eradicate childhood undernutrition. METHODS: Six rounds of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data are utilized, spanning the period 1996/97 to 2014...
November 16, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849270/child-undernutrition-in-one-of-the-cities-with-greater-nutritional-risk-in-brazil-population-based-study-in-the-western-brazilian-amazon
#3
Thiago Santos de Araújo, Cristieli Sérgio de Menezes Oliveira, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Mônica da Silva-Nunes, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of child undernutrition and associated factors in a municipality with high nutritional risk in Brazil. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 478 children aged under 5 years in the city of Jordão, Acre, Brazil. The following indicators were calculated: weight for age (W/A), height for age (H/A), and weight for height (W/H), using the growth curves of the WHO as reference, which adopts a cutoff of -2 z scores for identification of malnourished children...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832211/association-of-frontline-worker-provided-services-with-change-in-block-level-complementary-feeding-indicators-an-ecological-analysis-from-bihar-india
#4
Aritra Das, Sanchita Mahapatra, Guntur Sai Mala, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Tanmay Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Insufficiencies in complementary feeding put infants and young children at increased risk of undernutrition. Till now, most Indian studies have looked at the individual level determinants of complementary feeding practices. We aimed to evaluate the association of frontline worker (FLW) provided nutritional counselling services, with change in community level indicators of complementary feeding practices among 9-11 month old children over time. METHODS: The study data was obtained from five rounds of 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' survey in eight districts of Bihar, an impoverished Indian state...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807084/protocol-for-the-economic-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-to-improve-growth-among-children-under-two-in-rural-india-caring-trial
#5
Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Rajesh Sinha, Amit Kumar Ojha, Soumendra Sarangi, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Aradhana Srivastava, Neha Batura, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli
INTRODUCTION: Undernutrition affects ∼165 million children globally and contributes up to 45% of all child deaths. India has the highest proportion of global undernutrition-related morbidity and mortality. This protocol describes the planned economic evaluation of a community-based intervention to improve growth in children under 2 years of age in two rural districts of eastern India. The intervention is being evaluated through a cluster-randomised controlled trial (cRCT, the CARING trial)...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806980/linear-growth-trajectories-in-zimbabwean-infants
#6
Ethan K Gough, Erica Em Moodie, Andrew J Prendergast, Robert Ntozini, Lawrence H Moulton, Jean H Humphrey, Amee R Manges
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition in early life underlies 45% of child deaths globally. Stunting malnutrition (suboptimal linear growth) also has long-term negative effects on childhood development. Linear growth deficits accrue in the first 1000 d of life. Understanding the patterns and timing of linear growth faltering or recovery during this period is critical to inform interventions to improve infant nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the pattern and determinants of linear growth trajectories from birth through 24 mo of age in a cohort of Zimbabwean infants...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786415/impact-of-integrated-child-development-scheme-on-child-malnutrition-in-west-bengal-india
#7
Arijita Dutta, Smritikana Ghosh
With child malnutrition detected as a persistent problem in most of the developing countries, public policy has been directed towards offering community-based supplementary feeding provision and nutritional information to caregivers. India, being no exception, has initiated these programs as early as 1970s under integrated child development scheme. Using propensity score matching technique on primary data of 390 households in two districts of West Bengal, an Eastern state in India, the study finds that impact of being included in the program and receiving supplementary feeding is insignificant on child stunting measures, though the program can break the intractable barriers of child stunting only when the child successfully receives not only just the supplementary feeding but also his caregiver collects crucial information on nutritional awareness and growth trajectory of the child...
October 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765878/diagnosing-pediatric-malnutrition-paradigm-shifts-of-etiology-related-definitions-and-appraisal-of-the-indicators
#8
Sandra Bouma
The publication of the landmark paper "Defining Pediatric Malnutrition: A Paradigm Shift Toward Etiology-Related Definitions" launched a new era in diagnosing pediatric malnutrition. This work introduced the paradigm shift of etiology-related definitions-nonillness and illness related-and the use of anthropometric z scores to help identify and describe children with malnutrition (undernutrition) in the developed world. Putting the new definition into practice resulted in some interesting observations: (1) Etiology-related definitions result in etiology-related interventions...
October 20, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756276/prevalence-and-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-children-attending-the-reproductive-and-child-health-clinic-at-bagamoyo-district-hospital-tanzania
#9
Omar Ali Juma, Zachary Obinna Enumah, Hannah Wheatley, Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Seif Shekalaghe, Ali Ali, Shishira Mgonia, Salim Abdulla
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of childhood deaths due to underlying undernutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among children under-five seen at Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) and three rural health facilities ranging between 25 and 55 km from Bagamoyo: Kiwangwa, Fukayosi, and Yombo...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736897/adapting-agriculture-platforms-for-nutrition-a-case-study-of-a-participatory-video-based-agricultural-extension-platform-in-india
#10
Suneetha Kadiyala, Emily H Morgan, Shruthi Cyriac, Amy Margolies, Terry Roopnaraine
Successful integration of nutrition interventions into large-scale development programmes from nutrition-relevant sectors, such as agriculture, can address critical underlying determinants of undernutrition and enhance the coverage and effectiveness of on-going nutrition-specific activities. However, evidence on how this can be done is limited. This study examines the feasibility of delivering maternal, infant, and young child nutrition behaviour change communication through an innovative agricultural extension programme serving nutritionally vulnerable groups in rural India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731545/determinants-of-age-specific-undernutrition-in-children-aged-less-than-2%C3%A2-years-the-bangladesh-context
#11
Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Sabiha Sultana, Zeba Mahmud, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Md Ahshanul Haque, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Ahmed Mushtaque Raza Chowdhury, Robert E Black, Tahmeed Ahmed
Globally, undernutrition affects nearly half of all children aged less than 5 years. It is more prominent in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to identify the age-specific risk factors for different categories of undernutrition among Bangladeshi children aged less than 2 years. Data of 10,291 children aged less than 2 years were collected between October 2011 to November 2013 through the Food Security Nutritional Surveillance Project in Bangladesh. Simple logistic regression established bivariate relationships between the categories of undernutrition and the relevant risk factors...
October 12, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720260/dissonant-health-transition-in-the-states-of-mexico-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#12
Héctor Gómez-Dantés, Nancy Fullman, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado, Blair Darney, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Juan A Rivera, Simon Barquera, Eduardo González-Pier, Tania Aburto-Soto, Elga Filipa Amorin de Castro, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Ana C Basto-Abreu, Carolina Batis, Guilherme Borges, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Julio C Campuzano-Rincón, Alejandra de Jesús Cantoral-Preciado, Alejandra G Contreras-Manzano, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Vanessa V de la Cruz-Gongora, Jose L Diaz-Ortega, María de Lourdes García-García, Armando Garcia-Guerra, Teresita González de Cossío, Luz D González-Castell, Ileana Heredia-Pi, Marta C Hijar-Medina, Alejandra Jauregui, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Nancy Lopez-Olmedo, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Catalina Medina-Garcia, Maria E Medina-Mora, Fabiola Mejia-Rodriguez, Julio C Montañez, Pablo Montero, Alejandra Montoya, Grea L Moreno-Banda, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Amado D Quezada, Vesta L Richardson-López-Collada, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Maria J Ríos Blancas, Christian Razo-Garcia, Martha P Romero Mendoza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Luz M Sánchez-Romero, Astrid Schilmann, Edson Servan-Mori, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, José L Texcalac-Sangrador, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Rafael Lozano
BACKGROUND: Child and maternal health outcomes have notably improved in Mexico since 1990, whereas rising adult mortality rates defy traditional epidemiological transition models in which decreased death rates occur across all ages. These trends suggest Mexico is experiencing a more complex, dissonant health transition than historically observed. Enduring inequalities between states further emphasise the need for more detailed health assessments over time. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2013 (GBD 2013) provides the comprehensive, comparable framework through which such national and subnational analyses can occur...
October 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706021/correction-greffeuille-v-et-al-persistent-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-cambodia-from-2000-until-today-nutrients-2016-8-297
#13
Valérie Greffeuille, Prak Sophonneary, Arnaud Laillou, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathmony Hong, Rathavuth Hong, Etienne Poirot, Marjoleine Dijkhuizen, Frank Wieringa, Jacques Berger
We would like to submit the following as a correction to our recently published paper [1] because of the use of the wrong cut-off for overweight.[...].
September 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649080/what-explains-cambodia-s-success-in-reducing-child-stunting-2000-2014
#14
Giacomo Zanello, C S Srinivasan, Bhavani Shankar
In many developing countries, high levels of child undernutrition persist alongside rapid economic growth. There is considerable interest in the study of countries that have made rapid progress in child nutrition to uncover the driving forces behind these improvements. Cambodia is often cited as a success case having reduced the incidence of child stunting from 51% to 34% over the period 2000 to 2014. To what extent is this success driven by improvements in the underlying determinants of nutrition, such as wealth and education, ("covariate effects") and to what extent by changes in the strengths of association between these determinants and nutrition outcomes ("coefficient effects")? Using determinants derived from the widely-applied UNICEF framework for the analysis of child nutrition and data from four Demographic and Health Surveys datasets, we apply quantile regression based decomposition methods to quantify the covariate and coefficient effect contributions to this improvement in child nutrition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645101/how-does-poverty-affect-children-s-nutritional-status-in-nairobi-slums-a-qualitative-study-of-the-root-causes-of-undernutrition
#15
Sophie M Goudet, Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Frederick Wekesah, Milka Wanjohi, Paula L Griffiths, Barry Bogin, Nyovani J Madise
OBJECTIVE: Children in slums are at high risk of undernutrition, which has long-term negative consequences on their physical growth and cognitive development. Severe undernutrition can lead to the child's death. The present paper aimed to understand the causes of undernutrition in children as perceived by various groups of community members in Nairobi slums, Kenya. DESIGN: Analysis of ten focus group discussions and ten individual interviews with key informants...
September 20, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625786/association-between-socioeconomic-status-of-mothers-food-security-food-safety-practices-and-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-in-the-lalitpur-district-nepal
#16
Mahesh Sarki, Aileen Robertson, Alexandr Parlesak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity is increasing in low-and middle income countries such as Nepal. At the same time, high prevalence of chronic undernutrition persists leading to a double burden of malnutrition. AIM: To identify associations between the socioeconomic status of mothers, food security, the food safety environment within the household, and prevalence of stunting and overweight of the children. METHODS: Statistical analysis of socioeconomic, food safety-related and anthropometric data from 289 mother-child dyads in an urban area of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613225/risk-factors-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-under-five-children-a-case-control-study-in-a-rural-part-of-india
#17
N N Ambadekar, S P Zodpey
OBJECTIVES: The present study was planned to identify some of the risk factors of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in under-five children in a rural part of India. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: The study was carried out in rural areas of Yavatmal district. A total of 737 cases (under-five SAM children) and an equal number of normal controls were included in the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis using a hierarchical model...
September 6, 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608854/association-between-high-risk-fertility-behaviours-and-the-likelihood-of-chronic-undernutrition-and-anaemia-among-married-bangladeshi-women-of-reproductive-age
#18
Mosiur Rahman, Md Jahirul Islam, Syed Emdadul Haque, Yu Mon Saw, Md Nurruzzaman Haque, Nguyen Huu Chau Duc, Saber Al-Sobaihi, Thu Nandar Saw, Md Golam Mostofa, Md Rafiqul Islam
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between high-risk fertility behaviours and the likelihood of chronic undernutrition, anaemia and the coexistence of anaemia and undernutrition among women of reproductive age. DESIGN: The 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from 8 July to 27 December 2011. SETTING: Selected urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. SUBJECTS: A total of 2197 ever-married women living with at least one child younger than 5 years...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604769/effects-of-prenatal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-on-growth-and-cognition-through-2-y-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh-the-jivita-3-trial
#19
Parul Christian, Jeongyong Kim, Sucheta Mehra, Saijuddin Shaikh, Hasmot Ali, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Lee Wu, Rolf Klemm, Alain B Labrique, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Childhood undernutrition may have prenatal origins, and the impact of prenatal interventions on postnatal growth is not well known. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effects of prenatal multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation on child growth and cognitive development. DESIGN: In a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, prenatal MM supplementation compared with iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation was examined for its impact on growth assessed longitudinally from birth up to 24 mo of age (n = 8529) and, in a subsample (n = 734), on cognitive function at 24 mo of age by use of the Bayley scales of infant and toddler development-third edition test...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557428/nutritional-status-in-short-stature-children-is-related-to-both-ghrelin-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-concentrations
#20
Renata Stawerska, Elżbieta Czkwianianc, Joanna Smyczyńska, Maciej Hilczer, Andrzej Lewiński
OBJECTIVES: Ghrelin plays an important role in the growth processes in children, additionally, it regulates appetite. The aim of the study was to assess ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) concentrations in children with idiopathic short stature (ISS), dependent on nutritional status. METHODS: The study group included 116 children, aged 10.6 ± 3.5 years (mean ± SD), with ISS [height below -2.0 standard deviation scores (SDS), maximal growth hormone (GH) secretion during two GH-stimulating tests - over 10 ng/ml]...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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