keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child undernutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426678/nutrition-education-improves-dietary-diversity-of-children-6-23-months-at-community-level-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-malawi
#1
Judith Kuchenbecker, Anika Reinbott, Beatrice Mtimuni, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
BACKGROUND: Low dietary quality and quantity and inappropriate feeding practices can cause undernutrition. Poor nutritional status in early childhood is associated with growth faltering. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of community-based nutrition education to improve height-for-age z-scores in children 6-23 months of age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a cluster-randomized-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410435/small-area-estimation-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopian-woredas
#2
Thomas Pave Sohnesen, Alemayehu Azeze Ambel, Peter Fisker, Colin Andrews, Qaiser Khan
Reducing child undernutrition is a key social policy objective of the Ethiopian government. Despite substantial reduction over the last decade and a half, child undernutrition is still high; with 48 percent of children either stunted, underweight or wasted, undernutrition remains an important child health challenge. The existing literature highlights that targeting of efforts to reduce undernutrition in Ethiopia is inefficient, in part due to lack of data and updated information. This paper remedies some of this shortfall by estimating levels of stunting and underweight in each woreda for 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390226/household-social-capital-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-rural-india
#3
William T Story, Richard M Carpiano
Social capital has gained attention for poverty reduction efforts in low- and middle-income countries, but questions remain about people's unequal access to and benefits from social capital-especially for addressing child health inequalities. Analyzing 2005 India Human Development Survey data on 9008 rural-dwelling children and their families, we test hypotheses regarding how SES shapes household access to and child health benefits from three different forms of social capital located inside and outside the community...
March 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382771/patterns-of-cultural-consensus-and-intracultural-diversity-in-ghanaian-complementary-feeding-practices
#4
Nikhila Kalra, Gretel Pelto, Charlotte Tawiah, Stephanie Zobrist, Peiman Milani, Grace Manu, Amos Laar, Megan Parker
Designing effective interventions to improve infant and young child (IYC) feeding requires knowledge about determinants of current practices, including cultural factors. Current approaches to obtaining and using research on culture tend to assume cultural homogeneity within a population. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent of cultural consensus (homogeneity) in communities where interventions to improve IYC feeding practices are needed to address undernutrition during the period of complementary feeding...
April 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379434/a-review-of-the-evidence-linking-child-stunting-to-economic-outcomes
#5
Mark E McGovern, Aditi Krishna, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Background: To understand the full impact of stunting in childhood it is important to consider the long-run effects of undernutrition on the outcomes of adults who were affected in early life. Focusing on the costs of stunting provides a means of evaluating the economic case for investing in childhood nutrition. Methods: We review the literature on the association between stunting and undernutrition in childhood and economic outcomes in adulthood. At the national level, we also evaluate the evidence linking stunting to economic growth...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376746/stunting-wasting-and-associated-factors-among-children-aged-6-24%C3%A2-months-in-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-site-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia
#6
Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Molla Mesele Wassie
BACKGROUND: Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young children (6-23 months), however literature are limited in these population groups. Therefore, this study aimed to assess stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-24 months in Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site, northwest Ethiopia...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376725/improving-feeding-and-growth-of-hiv-positive-children-through-nutrition-training-of-frontline-health-workers-in-tanga-tanzania
#7
Bruno F Sunguya, Linda B Mlunde, David P Urassa, Krishna C Poudel, Omary S Ubuguyu, Namala P Mkopi, Germana H Leyna, Anna T Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children's feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on efficacy of such interventions among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive children. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a nutrition training intervention to improve midlevel providers' (MLPs) nutrition knowledge and feeding practices and the nutrition statuses of HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368267/contextual-factors-for-stunting-among-children-of-age-6-to-24-months-in-an-under-privileged-community-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#8
Md Ashraful Alam, Mustafa Mahfuz, M Munirul Islam, Dinesh Mondal, Ams Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md Iqbal Hossain
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with stunting among children aged 6 to 24 months in a slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted this case control study during November 2009 to December 2012. Children were classified as case if length-for-age Z-score (LAZ) was <-2 and as control if LAZ was >-1 SD. The logistic regression model was used to find the factors associated with stunting. RESULTS: The significant risk factors for stunting were: child's age >12 months, maternal undernutrition, mother's education <5 years, consumption of untreated drinking water and monthly family income <100 USD...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349001/environmental-correlates-of-undernutrition-among-children-of-3-6-years-of-age-rajkot-gujarat-india
#9
Zalak Rameshbhai Matariya, Kaushik Kishorbhai Lodhiya, Rajkumar G Mahajan
INTRODUCTION: There are lots of studies focusing on the role of reproductive and child health factors and dietary factors on the nutrition status of the child. The present study is an attempt to highlight the role of macro- and micro-environmental factors in predicting the occurrence of undernutrition in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in field practice area of Community Medicine Department, PDU Medical College, Rajkot. The nutrition status of children was assessed using the weight for age WHO reference standards, 2006...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319655/meeting-nutritional-needs-in-the-first-1000-days-a-place-for-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements
#10
Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Kathryn G Dewey
The first 1000 days of life is marked by intense metabolic activity and tissue deposition. The increased nutritional needs during this period, and the challenges to meeting them, are often not understood or appreciated. Here, we describe the nutritional needs during the first 1000 days, highlight the challenges to meeting these needs in developing countries, outline intervention strategies, and examine the consumption of small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) as a promising strategy. In low-income settings, the challenge to meeting nutritional needs during the first 1000 days is worsened by overreliance on cereal-based diets of low nutrient density and high prevalence of infections and infestations...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315897/complementary-feeding-in-an-obesogenic-environment-behavioral-and-dietary-quality-outcomes-and-interventions
#11
Lynne Allison Daniels
The WHO infant feeding guidelines, including those for complementary feeding (CF), are very prescriptive, largely based on the outcomes of exclusive breastfeeding, and have a bias towards undernutrition. Consideration of longer-term outcomes related to overnutrition, the predominant nutrition problem in affluent countries, is limited. Compared to the ongoing and often zealous debates regarding the short- and long-term benefits of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months in affluent countries, exposures (particularly feeding practices) and outcomes related to CF, independent of exclusive breastfeeding, have received little attention...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306140/dietary-and-nutritional-change-in-india-implications-for-strategies-policies-and-interventions
#12
Bhavani Shankar, Sutapa Agrawal, Amy R Beaudreault, Laxmaiah Avula, Reynaldo Martorell, Saskia Osendarp, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mireille Seneclauze Mclean
Despite the global transition to overnutrition, stunting affected approximately 159 million children worldwide in 2014, while an estimated 50 million children were wasted. India is an important front in the fight against malnutrition and is grappling with the coexistence of undernutrition, overnutrition, and micronutrient deficiencies. This report summarizes discussions on trends in malnutrition in India, its evolution in the context of economic growth, intrahousehold aspects, infant and young child feeding practices, women's status, maternal nutrition, and nutrition policymaking...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298543/a-nutrition-education-program-in-rural-bangladesh-was-associated-with-improved-feeding-practices-but-not-with-child-growth
#13
Aatekah Owais, Benjamin Schwartz, David G Kleinbaum, Parminder S Suchdev, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Sumon K Das, Shahed Rahman, Aryeh D Stein
Background: Childhood undernutrition is a major public health problem in Bangladesh. Evaluating child nutrition programs is a priority.Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate a community-based nutrition education program (implemented from 2011 to 2013) aimed at improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and growth in rural Bangladesh.Methods: A cohort-based evaluation was conducted that included 2400 women (1200 from Karimganj, the intervention subdistrict, and 1200 from Katiadi, the control subdistrict) enrolled at 28-31 wk gestation in 3 waves between January and October 2011...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293284/maternal-common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-slum-area-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#14
Ahad Mahmud Khan, Meerjady Sabrina Flora
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal mental health has a negative impact on child growth and development. The objective of the study was to find out the associated factors of maternal common mental disorders (CMD) in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2013 among conveniently selected 264 mothers having under-five children at Kamrangirchar area of Dhaka. A structured questionnaire based on Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) was used for data collection where a cut-off of 7 was considered to ascertain CMD...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285312/world-perspective-on-the-epidemiology-of-stunting-between-1990-and-2015%C3%A2
#15
Susan C Campisi, Arlin Mary Cherian, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Stunting is the most prevalent form of child undernutrition with current worldwide estimates at 156 million. The majority of these children reside in low- and middle-income countries. When stunting prevails to adulthood, optimal growth potential and economic productivity are minimized. RESULTS: In 2015 there were 98.5 million fewer stunted children under 5 years of age than in 1990. In East Asia and Pacific and South Asia, the stunting prevalence decreased by 24...
March 10, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275125/lipid-based-nutrient-supplementation-in-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-growth-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#16
Kathryn G Dewey, Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Joseph R Cummins, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zeina Maalouf-Manasseh, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Stephen A Vosti
Background: Stunting in linear growth occurs mainly during the first 1000 d, from conception through 24 mo of age. Despite the recognition of this critical period, there have been few evaluations of the growth impact of interventions that cover most of this window.Objective: We evaluated home fortification approaches for preventing maternal and child undernutrition within a community-based health program. We hypothesized that small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) provided to women during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum, LNSs provided to their offspring from 6 to 24 mo of age, or both would result in greater child length-for-age z score (LAZ) at 24 mo than iron and folic acid (IFA) provided to women during pregnancy and postpartum plus micronutrient powder (MNP) or no supplementation for their offspring from 6 to 24 mo...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271627/social-determinants-of-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-bangladesh-a-decomposition-analysis
#17
Tanvir M Huda, Alison Hayes, Shams El Arifeen, Michael J Dibley
Socioeconomic inequalities in child undernutrition remain one of the main challenges in Bangladesh. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for such inequalities across different population groups. However, no study has examined the relative contribution of different social determinants to the socioeconomic inequality in child undernutrition in Bangladesh. Our objective is to measure the extent of socioeconomic-related inequalities in childhood stunting and identify the key social determinants that potentially explain these inequalities in Bangladesh...
March 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260638/growth-recovery-and-faltering-through-early-adolescence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-determinants-and-implications-for-cognitive-development
#18
Andreas Georgiadis, Liza Benny, Le Thuc Duc, Sheikh Galab, Prudhvikar Reddy, Tassew Woldehanna
Child chronic undernutrition, as measured by stunting, is prevalent in low- and middle-income countries and is among the major threats to child development. While stunting and its implications for cognitive development have been considered irreversible beyond early childhood there is a lack of consensus in the literature on this, as there is some evidence of recovery from stunting and that this recovery may be associated with improvements in cognition. Less is known however, about the drivers of growth recovery and the aspects of recovery linked to cognitive development...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239459/effects-of-individual-household-and-community-characteristics-on-child-nutritional-status-in-the-slums-of-urban-bangladesh
#19
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Shams El Arifeen, Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Shusmita H Khan, Nitai Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition needs of the expanding slum communities are addressed. The study aims at describing the individual, household and community determinants of undernutrition status among children living in major urban strata, viz...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230293/influence-of-complex-childhood-diseases-on-variation-in-growth-and-skeletal-development
#20
REVIEW
Babette S Zemel
The study of human growth and skeletal development by human biologists is framed by the larger theoretical concerns regarding the underpinnings of population variation and human evolution. This unique perspective is directly relevant to the assessment of child health and well-being at the individual and group level, as well as the construction of growth charts. Environmental, behavioral (nutrition and physical activity), and disease-related factors can prevent attainment of full genetic potential for growth...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
keyword
keyword
107474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"