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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#1
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764397/determinants-of-child-anthropometric-indicators-in-ethiopia
#2
Davod Ahmadi, Ekta Amarnani, Akankasha Sen, Narges Ebadi, Patrick Cortbaoui, Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the major contributors to child mortality in Ethiopia. Currently established, child nutrition status is assessed by four anthropometric indicators. However, there are other factors affecting children's anthropometric statuses. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to explore some of the determinants of child anthropometric indicators in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from GROW (the Growing Nutrition for Mothers and Children), a survey including 1261 mothers and 1261 children was carried out in Ethiopia in 2016...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742136/impact-on-birth-weight-and-child-growth-of-participatory-learning-and-action-women-s-groups-with-and-without-transfers-of-food-or-cash-during-pregnancy-findings-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-lbwsat-in-nepal
#3
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sen, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Raghbendra Sah, Puskar Paudel, Andrew Copas, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Machhindra Basnet, Saskia de Pee, Andrew Hall, Jayne Harthan, Meelan Thondoo, Sonja Klingberg, Janice Messick, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition during pregnancy leads to low birthweight, poor growth and inter-generational undernutrition. We did a non-blinded cluster-randomised controlled trial in the plains districts of Dhanusha and Mahottari, Nepal to assess the impact on birthweight and weight-for-age z-scores among children aged 0-16 months of community-based participatory learning and action (PLA) women's groups, with and without food or cash transfers to pregnant women. METHODS: We randomly allocated 20 clusters per arm to four arms (average population/cluster = 6150)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741567/a-matter-of-survival-the-detrimental-consequences-of-adverse-early-life-conditions
#4
Susanne R de Rooij
Studies across different species have shown that moderate dietary restriction is associated with longer lifespan. Surprisingly however, when diet is restricted in prenatal life, the effect is completely the opposite. Animal work and human epidemiologic data have shown that undernutrition in utero negatively affects health in later life and reduces lifespan considerably. In this issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, Schoeps et al. provide new evidence that variations in nutritional conditions during pregnancy relate to the future health of the unborn child (1)...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737810/pre-earthquake-national-patterns-of-preschool-child-undernutrition-and-household-food-insecurity-in-nepal-in-2013-and-2014
#5
Sudeep Shrestha, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Raman Shrestha, Rolf Dw Klemm, Bareng As Nonyane, Ramesh K Adhikari, Patrick Webb, Keith P West
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preschool undernutrition remains a burden in Nepal. This paper reports results of surveys in 2013 and 2014, examining patterns of child nutritional status across the country, associations with household food insecurity and antecedent comparative national data for subsequent evaluations of nutritional status following the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-stage sample was drawn comprising 21 sites in 75 districts of the country, representing the mountains, hills and Terai zones, providing proportionate to zonal samples of 4286 and 4947 households and 5401 and 5474 preschool children in each year, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735148/maternal-high-risk-fertility-behavior-and-association-with-chronic-undernutrition-among-children-under-age-5-y-in-india-bangladesh-and-nepal-do-poor-children-have-a-higher-risk
#6
Mosiur Rahman, Syed Emdadul Haque, Sarwar Zahan, Jahirul Islam, Mosfequr Rahman, M D Asaduzzaman, Nuruzzaman Haque, Ahmed Zohirul Islam, Durul Huda, Golam Mostofa
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine whether an association exists between maternal high-risk fertility behavior and chronic undernutrition among children under 5 y of age. In addition, we explored the relationship between poverty and high-risk fertility behavior and the relative roles they play as obstacles in the reduction of the risk of undernutrition among children. METHODS: The analysis was based on responses from married women ages 15 to 49 who lived with at least one child under the age of 5; and three cross-sectional, nationally representative samples from India, Bangladesh, and Nepal were considered...
May 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699588/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-suboptimal-diet-metabolic-risks-and-low-physical-activity-in-ethiopia-and-comparison-with-eastern-sub-saharan-african-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#7
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Molla Mesele Wassie, Tiffany K Gill, Shao Jia Zhou, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Azmeraw T Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Abiy Hiruye, Tesfaye Hailu Bekele, Amare Worku, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Ferew Lemma, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Kebede Deribe, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi, Awoke Misganaw, Amare Deribew
BACKGROUND: Twelve of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are related to malnutrition (both under- and overnutrition), other behavioral, and metabolic risk factors. However, comparative evidence on the impact of behavioral and metabolic risk factors on disease burden is limited in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Ethiopia. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study, we assessed mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to child and maternal undernutrition (CMU), dietary risks, metabolic risks and low physical activity for Ethiopia...
April 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686539/costs-and-cost-efficiency-of-a-mobile-cash-transfer-to-prevent-child-undernutrition-during-the-lean-season-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-methods-analysis-from-the-mam-out-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Freddy Houngbe, Karen Martínez, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci
Background: This study assessed the costs and cost-efficiency of a mobile cash transfer implemented in Tapoa Province, Burkina Faso in the MAM'Out randomized controlled trial from June 2013 to December 2014, using mixed methods and taking a societal perspective by including costs to implementing partners and beneficiary households. Methods: Data were collected via interviews with implementing staff from the humanitarian agency and the private partner delivering the mobile money, focus group discussions with beneficiaries, and review of accounting databases...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659966/peri-urban-but-not-urban-residence-in-bolivia-is-associated-with-higher-odds-of-co-occurrence-of-overweight-and-anemia-among-young-children-and-of-households-with-an-overweight-woman-and-stunted-child
#9
Andrew D Jones, Lesli Hoey, Jennifer Blesh, Kathryn Janda, Ramiro Llanque, Ana María Aguilar
Background: Urban populations have grown globally alongside emerging simultaneous burdens of undernutrition and obesity. Yet, how heterogeneous urban environments are associated with this nutritional double burden is poorly understood. Objective: We aimed to determine: 1) the prevalence of the nutritional double burden and its components in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas of Bolivia; and 2) the association of residence in these areas with the nutritional double burden and its components...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642714/study-of-the-determinants-of-chronic-malnutrition-in-northern-nigeria-quantitative-evidence-from-the-nigeria-demographic-and-health-surveys
#10
Mulubrhan Amare, Todd Benson, Olusegun Fadare, Motunrayo Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: Close to half of all children younger than 5 years in the Northeast and Northwest geopolitical zones were estimated to be stunted in their growth for their age in 2013 compared to 22% of children in the rest of Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: We examine the drivers of chronic child undernutrition in northern Nigeria and how those drivers differ from other areas of the country. METHODS: Both a standard child-level regression-based approach and decomposition analysis were used to address the determinants of stunting and decompose how drivers differ between northern Nigeria and other areas of the country using 2008 and 2013 Nigeria DHS data...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611490/higher-agrobiodiversity-is-associated-with-improved-dietary-diversity-but-not-child-anthropometric-status-of-mayan-ach%C3%A3-people-of-guatemala
#11
Diana V Luna-González, Marten Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: Child undernutrition remains one of the greatest challenges for public health nutrition in rural areas in developing countries. Interventions aiming to increase and conserve agrobiodiversity seem to be promising alternatives to improve child nutrition. However, the existing literature on these interventions is not conclusive about their effectiveness in combating child undernutrition. We tested the hypothesis that 'higher agrobiodiversity is associated with greater dietary diversity and better anthropometric status' in rural Guatemala...
April 3, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570653/elucidating-adverse-nutritional-implications-of-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-mycotoxins-through-stable-isotope-techniques
#12
Victor O Owino, Carolin Cornelius, Cornelia U Loechl
Multiple drivers of the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) include a rapid shift from predominantly plant-based diets to energy-dense foods based on meats, milk, animal fats and vegetable oils. The shift to overweight and obesity is driven by increased exposure to mass media, urbanization, technological advances in food processing, rising income and increased population density associated with increased access to cheap foods. At the same time, undernutrition persists mainly due to food insecurity and lack of access to safe water, sanitation and adequate health care...
March 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546306/tubaramure-a-food-assisted-integrated-health-and-nutrition-program-reduces-child-stunting-in-burundi-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial
#13
Jef L Leroy, Deanna Olney, Marie Ruel
Background: Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs are widely used to address undernutrition, but little is known about their effectiveness in improving child linear growth. Objective: We assessed the impact of Burundi's Tubaramure FA-MCHN program on linear growth. The program targeted women and their children during the first 1000 d and included 1) food rations, 2) strengthening of health services and promotion of their use, and 3) behavior change communication (BCC)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532770/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practices-associated-with-nutritional-status-of-under-five-children-in-semi-pastoral-communities-tanzania
#14
Hoyce Amini Mshida, Neema Kassim, Emmanuel Mpolya, Martin Kimanya
Undernutrition among under-five children is a public health concern in developing countries and has been linked with poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) practices. This study aimed at assessing WASH practices and its association with nutritional status of under-five children in semi-pastoral communities of Arusha. The study was cross-sectional in design. Mother-child pairs from 310 households in four villages of Monduli and Longido were involved. Weight and height of children were measured using weighing scale and length/height board, respectively...
May 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531436/dietary-diversity-and-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-aligarh
#15
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Child undernutrition is a public health problem in a developing country like India. Dietary diversity is an important immediate determinant of undernutrition. Aims: The aim of this study is to find the prevalence of stunting among infants and young children aged 6-23 months and its association with dietary diversity. Settings and Design: This study was community-based cross-sectional study. It was carried out in the registered families of the Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523173/upscaling-participatory-action-and-videos-for-agriculture-and-nutrition-upavan-trial-comparing-three-variants-of-a-nutrition-sensitive-agricultural-extension-intervention-to-improve-maternal-and-child-nutritional-outcomes-in-rural-odisha-india-study-protocol
#16
Suneetha Kadiyala, Audrey Prost, Helen Harris-Fry, Meghan O'Hearn, Ronali Pradhan, Shibananth Pradhan, Naba Kishore Mishra, Suchitra Rath, Nirmala Nair, Shibanand Rath, Prasantha Tripathy, Sneha Krishnan, Peggy Koniz-Booher, Heather Danton, Diana Elbourne, Joanna Sturgess, Emma Beaumont, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Satyanarayan Mohanty, Avinash Upadhay, Elizabeth Allen
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child undernutrition have adverse consequences for pregnancy outcomes and child morbidity and mortality, and they are associated with low educational attainment, economic productivity as an adult, and human wellbeing. 'Nutrition-sensitive' agriculture programs could tackle the underlying causes of undernutrition. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a four-arm cluster randomised controlled trial in Odisha, India. Interventions are as follows: (1) an agricultural extension platform of women's groups viewing and discussing videos on nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) practices, and follow-up visits to women at home to encourage the adoption of new practices shown in the videos; (2) women's groups viewing and discussing videos on NSA and nutrition-specific practices, with follow-up visits; and (3) women's groups viewing and discussing videos on NSA and nutrition-specific practices combined with a cycle of Participatory Learning and Action meetings, with follow-up visits...
March 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482600/effects-of-undernutrition-on-survival-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-children-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Cheru Tesema, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Pammla Petrucka, Setegn Eshite
BACKGROUND: The relationship between undernutrition and HIV is bidirectional, ultimately contributing to quality of life and survival of affected individuals. Ethiopia is a sub-Saharan nation influenced by both undernutrition and HIV. In Ethiopia, although individuals are often dually impacted, the effect of undernutrition on the survival of HIV positive children on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has not been well investigated. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of undernutrition on survival rates of HIV positive children on ART in Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia...
February 27, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482559/geostatistical-modelling-of-the-association-between-malaria-and-child-growth-in-africa
#18
Benjamin Amoah, Emanuele Giorgi, Daniel J Heyes, Stef van Burren, Peter John Diggle
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition among children under 5 years of age continues to be a public health challenge in many low- and middle-income countries and can lead to growth stunting. Infectious diseases may also affect child growth, however their actual impact on the latter can be difficult to quantify. In this paper, we analyse data from 20 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 13 African countries to investigate the relationship between malaria and stunting. Our objective is to make inference on the association between malaria incidence during the first year of life and height-for-age Z-scores (HAZs)...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460792/comparing-assessment-tools-for-detecting-undernutrition-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#19
M McFarlane, C Hammond, T Roper, J Mukarati, R Ford, J Burrell, V Gordon, N Burch
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Undernutrition in cirrhotic patients is often poorly recognised until late-stages. The current UK screening tool, the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, can miss undernutrition in patients with ascites/fluid retention. A 6-question Liver Disease Undernutrition Screening Tool (LDUST) has been developed in America. METHODS: We sought to compare LDUST with MUST in the detection of undernutrition in 50 inpatients and 50 outpatients with liver cirrhosis in a secondary care setting...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455704/role-of-parental-education-in-reduction-of-prevalence-of-childhood-undernutrition-in-bangladesh
#20
Md Belal Hossain, Md Hasinur Rahaman Khan
OBJECTIVE: Despite progress, levels of malnutrition among children in Bangladesh are among the highest in the world and this is one of the major causes of death in children. The pace of reduction in the prevalence of undernutrition among children is still relatively low. The present study aimed to examine the association between parental education and childhood undernutrition among Bangladeshi children under 5 years of age when adjusting for potential risk factors. DESIGN: The data set was extracted from a nationally representative survey based on a cross-sectional study, the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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