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child undernutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931088/an-integrated-nutrition-and-health-program-package-on-iycn-improves-breastfeeding-but-not-complementary-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-rural-northern-india-a-quasi-experimental-randomized-longitudinal-study
#1
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition below two years of age remains a major public health problem in India. We conducted an evaluation of an integrated nutrition and health program that aimed to improve nutritional status of young children by improving breast and complementary feeding practices over that offered by the Government of India's standard nutrition and health care program. METHODS: In Uttar Pradesh state, through multi-stage cluster random sampling, 81 villages in an intervention district and 84 villages in a comparison district were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918764/fragile-environment-seasonality-and-maternal-and-childhood-undernutrition-in-bangladesh
#2
Masuda Mohsena, Mahabub Hossain, Barnali Chakraborty, Abdul Bayes, A N Mahfuzur Rahman
This study assessed whether agricultural and household incomes were the same across different agro-ecological environments in Bangladesh. An in-depth analysis of the effect of unfavourable ecologies on maternal and child malnutrition was carried out. Data were from a longitudinal data set comprising a nationally representative data sample collected in 2014 and the Food Security Nutrition Surveillance Project (FSNSP) conducted in 2011 and 2012. Anthropometric indices were used to assess the nutritional status of mothers and under-five children...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910328/non-governmental-organization-facilitation-of-a-community-based-nutrition-and-health-program-effect-on-program-exposure-and-associated-infant-feeding-practices-in-rural-india
#3
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Integrated nutrition and health programs seek to reduce undernutrition by educating child caregivers about infant feeding and care. Data on the quality of program implementation and consequent effects on infant feeding practices are limited. This study evaluated the effectiveness of enhancing a nutrition and health program on breastfeeding and complementary-feeding practices in rural India. METHODS: Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, one of the implementing districts of a Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE) nutrition and health program was randomly selected for enhanced services and compared with a district receiving the Government of India's standard nutrition and health package alone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904119/metrics-for-identifying-food-security-status-and-the-population-with-potential-to-benefit-from-nutrition-interventions-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#4
REVIEW
Bianca D Jackson, Neff Walker, Rebecca Heidkamp
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) uses the poverty head-count ratio at $1.90/d as a proxy for food security to identify the percentage of the population with the potential to benefit from balanced energy supplementation and complementary feeding (CF) interventions, following the approach used for the Lancet's 2008 series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition. Because much work has been done in the development of food security indicators, a re-evaluation of the use of this indicator was warranted.Objective: The aim was to re-evaluate the use of the poverty head-count ratio at $1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857059/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-the-unfinished-agenda-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region
#5
Indira Chakravarty, Animesh Bhattacharya, Saurabh K Das
Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential for the health, well-being and dignity of all people. The World Health Organization South-East Asia Region has made considerable progress in WASH provision during the past two decades. However, compared with increases in coverage of improved drinking water, in some parts of the region, access to adequate sanitation remains low, with continued prevalence of open defecation. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have set ambitious targets for WASH services to be achieved by 2030...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851533/in-utero-exposure-to-malaria-is-associated-with-metabolic-traits-in-adolescence-the-agogo-2000-birth-cohort-study
#6
George Bedu-Addo, Marie Alicke, Justice K Boakye-Appiah, Inusah Abdul-Jalil, Markus van der Giet, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
OBJECTIVES: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) contributes to fetal undernutrition and adverse birth outcomes, and may constitute a developmental origin of metabolic diseases in the offspring. In a Ghanaian birth cohort, we examined the relationships between MiP-exposure and metabolic traits in adolescence. METHODS: MiP at delivery was assessed in 155 mother-child pairs. Among the now teenaged children (mean age, 14.8 years; 53% male), we measured fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body mass index (BMI), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845075/big-numbers-about-small-children-estimating-the-economic-benefits-of-addressing-undernutrition
#7
Harold Alderman, Jere R Behrman, Chloe Puett
Different approaches have been used to estimate the economic benefits of reducing undernutrition and to estimate the costs of investing in such programs on a global scale. While many of these studies are ultimately based on evidence from well-designed efficacy trials, all require a number of assumptions to project the impact of such trials to larger populations and to translate the value of the expected improvement in nutritional status into economic terms. This paper provides a short critique of some approaches to estimating the benefits of investments in child nutrition and then presents an alternative set of estimates based on different core data...
February 2017: World Bank Research Observer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776246/burden-of-lower-respiratory-infections-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-between-1990-and-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#8
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs)...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766376/the-association-of-minimum-wage-change-on-child-nutritional-status-in-lmics-a-quasi-experimental-multi-country-study
#9
Ninez Ponce, Riti Shimkhada, Amy Raub, Adel Daoud, Arijit Nandi, Linda Richter, Jody Heymann
There is recognition that social protection policies such as raising the minimum wage can favourably impact health, but little evidence links minimum wage increases to child health outcomes. We used multi-year data (2003-2012) on national minimum wages linked to individual-level data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 23 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that had least two DHS surveys to establish pre- and post-observation periods. Over a pre- and post-interval ranging from 4 to 8 years, we examined minimum wage growth and four nutritional status outcomes among children under 5 years: stunting, wasting, underweight, and anthropometric failure...
August 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750674/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-in-benishangul-gumuz-region-ethiopia
#10
Dula Ayana, Amare Tariku, Amsalu Feleke, Haile Woldie
BACKGROUND: Appropriate complementary feeding helps to reduces child's risk of undernutrition, infectious disease and related mortality. However, complementary feeding practices are sub-optimal in Ethiopia. There is, however, also limited evidence in the country, particularly of Pawie District. Therefore, this study aimed to assess timely initiation of complementary feeding and associated factors among mothers who had children aged 6-23 months in Pawie District, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State...
July 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743238/determinants-of-stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-burundian-children-aged-6-23-months-evidence-from-a-national-cross-sectional-household-survey-2014
#11
Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Catherine Korachais
BACKGROUND: Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the country as undernutrition is strongly associated with less schooling and reduced economic productivity. Identifying the determinants of stunting and severe stunting may help policy-makers to direct the limited Burundian resources to the most vulnerable segments of the population, and thus make it more cost effective...
July 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734507/child-health-and-survival-in-a-changing-world
#12
REVIEW
Donna M Denno, Shadae L Paul
Ninety-nine percent of the 5.9 million annual child deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. Undernutrition underlies 45% of deaths. Determinants include access to care, maternal education, and absolute and relative poverty. Socio-political-economic factors and policies tremendously influence health and their determinants. Most deaths can be prevented with interventions that are currently available and recommended for widespread implementation. Millennium Development Goal 4 was not achieved. Sustainable Development Goal 3...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730929/development-of-a-screening-tool-to-predict-malnutrition-among-children-under-two-years-old-in-zambia
#13
Junko Hasegawa, Yoichi M Ito, Taro Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child undernutrition is an important issue, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Children at high risk of malnutrition should be prioritized to receive necessary interventions to minimize such risk. Several risk factors have been proposed; however, until now, there has been no appropriate evaluation method to identify these children. In sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly receive regular check-ups from community health workers. A simple and easy nutrition assessment method is therefore needed for use by semi-professional health workers...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722585/school-children-s-intestinal-parasite-and-nutritional-status-1-year-after-complementary-school-garden-nutrition-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-in-burkina-faso
#14
Séverine Erismann, Serge Diagbouga, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Astrid M Knoblauch, Jana Gerold, Andrea Leuenberger, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#15
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712150/the-effect-of-young-children-s-faeces-disposal-practices-on-child-growth-evidence-from-34-countries
#16
Valerie Bauza, Jeremy S Guest
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relationship between child faeces disposal and child growth in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We analysed caregiver responses and anthropometric data from Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) for 202 614 children under five and 82 949 children under two to examine the association between child faeces disposal and child growth. RESULTS: Child faeces disposal in an improved toilet was associated with reduced stunting for children under five [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) = 0...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686964/relative-importance-of-13-correlates-of-child-stunting-in-south-asia-insights-from-nationally-representative-data-from-afghanistan-bangladesh-india-nepal-and-pakistan
#17
Rockli Kim, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Daniel J Corsi, Víctor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Optimal growth and development in early childhood is determined by a complex interplay of child, maternal, household, environmental, and socioeconomic factors that influence nutritional intake, but interventions to reduce child undernutrition sometimes target specific risk factors in isolation. In this analysis, we assess the relative importance of 13 correlates of child stunting selected based on a collective review of existing multi-factorial frameworks: complementary feeding, breastfeeding, feeding frequency, dietary diversity, maternal height, body mass index (BMI), education, age at marriage, child vaccination, access to improved drinking source and sanitation facilities, household indoor air quality, and household wealth...
June 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675690/caregiver-infant-s-feeding-behaviours-are-associated-with-energy-intake-of-9-11-month-old-infants-in-rural-ethiopia
#18
Kaleab Baye, Aster Tariku, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Inappropriate complementary feeding, both in quantity and quality, is a major determinant of undernutrition. However, little is known about how infant-caregiver's feeding behaviours affect infants' energy intake. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize infant-caregiver feeding behaviours and investigate their association with infants' energy intake. The study involved 106 mother-child pairs recruited from seven randomly selected kebeles of Mecha district, West Gojam, Ethiopia. The feeding styles were assessed through observations of 1-day, in-home, feeding episodes that were videotaped and coded into self-feeding, responsive, active, distracting, and social feeding behaviours...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#19
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659252/mobile-phone-short-messages-to-improve-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-reduce-adverse-infant-feeding-practices-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-yangon-myanmar
#20
Myat Pan Hmone, Mu Li, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: Myanmar has a high burden of mortality for children aged younger than 5 years in which undernutrition plays a major role. Despite current efforts, the exclusive breastfeeding rate for children under 6 months is only 24%. To date there have been no interventions using mobile phones to improve breastfeeding and other feeding practices in Myanmar. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to implement a breastfeeding promotion intervention using mobile phone text messages in Yangon, Myanmar, and evaluate its impact on breastfeeding practices...
June 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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