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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455688/early-life-nutritional-status-and-metabolic-syndrome-gender-specific-associations-from-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Bruna Lucas Briskiewicz, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Joana Ferreira do Amaral, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Sheila Maria Alvim Matos, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Maria Inês Schmidt, Luana Giatti
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we investigated gender-specific associations of low birth weight (LBW) and shorter relative leg length with metabolic syndrome (MetS) after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviours. We also investigated whether these associations are independent of age at menarche and BMI at 20 years old. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: Baseline data from 12 602 participants (35-74 years) of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), 2008-2010...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455069/photo-crosslinkable-injectable-sericin-hydrogel-as-3d-biomimetic-extracellular-matrix-for-minimally-invasive-repairing-cartilage
#2
Chao Qi, Jia Liu, Yang Jin, Luming Xu, Guobin Wang, Zheng Wang, Lin Wang
Millions of patients worldwide suffer from cartilage injury and age/disease-related cartilage degeneration. However, cartilage, such as articular cartilage, is poor at self-regeneration. Current treatments are often invasive with limited efficacy. Developing minimal invasive strategies for effective cartilage repair is highly desired. Here, we report an injectable, photo-crosslinkable sericin hydrogel as a biomimetic extracellular matrix for minimal invasively repairing cartilage. Sericin was functionalized to be sericin methacryloyl (SerMA), which formed an in situ hydrogel upon UV light irradiation via photo-crosslinking...
February 9, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454323/autonomy-and-infant-feeding-decision-making-among-teenage-mothers-in-a-rural-and-urban-setting-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#3
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of infants born to teenage mothers can be sub-optimal compared to those born to older mothers. One contributing factor is inappropriate feeding practices adopted by teenage mothers. Little is known about how infant feeding decisions are made among teenage mothers, particularly in under resourced settings. In this study we prospectively explored autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
February 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446817/depression-in-tunisian-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-and-association-to-glycemic-control-and-to-treatment-compliance
#4
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Mehdi El Karoui, Haifa Mami, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad, Ghada Hamdi, Abdelmajid Abid
AIM: to study the prevalence of depression in type 2 diabetes and to seek for a relationship between glycemic control and treatment adherence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the outpatient department of the Tunis nutrition institute. A total of 100 diabetic patients followed for Type 2 diabetes were randomly recruited. We used a structured questionnaire to collect patients' socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data. The treatment adherence was assessed by using MAS, Glycemic control according to blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and depression and anxiety by administering a dialectal Arabic validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446218/influence-of-grandparents-on-the-dietary-intake-of-their-2-12-year-old-grandchildren-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kylie G Young, Kerith Duncanson, Tracy Burrows
AIM: Grandparents are assuming increased child-caregiving responsibilities, which potentially influences the dietary intake of grandchildren. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the influence of grandparental care on the dietary intake, food-related behaviours, food choices and weight status of their preschool and school-aged grandchildren. METHODS: Six electronic health databases were searched in January 2017. Inclusion criteria were publication in English language, peer-reviewed journal between 2000 and 2017; children aged 2-12 years; study outcomes included child dietary intake/weight status, grandparent nutrition knowledge/beliefs or grandparent/parent feeding practices...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445881/study-of-salivary-and-serum-vaspin-and-total-antioxidants-in-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Elzbieta Paszynska, Marta Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor, Agnieszka Slopien, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Agata Dutkiewicz, Teresa Grzelak
OBJECTIVES: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are primarily at high risk of multiple somatic complications, including oral diseases. In recent years, a number of new molecules that may play a potentially important role in AN progress and prognosis have been identified in saliva, but their exact roles are still poorly understood. Two such group of substances are antioxidants and vaspin. The purpose of this observational, cross-sectional study was to measure both the salivary and serum total antioxidant status (TAS), and vaspin (VASP) concentrations of patients with AN in comparison to an average population...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439734/periodontitis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Lea Ladegaard Grønkjær, Palle Holmstrup, Søren Schou, Johanne Kongstad, Peter Jepsen, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cirrhosis have poor oral health but little is known on periodontitis, and its clinical significance is largely unknown. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of periodontitis, and evaluate the association of periodontitis with nutritional and systemic inflammation status. METHODS: 145 patients with cirrhosis were consecutively enrolled. Clinical, oral examination of plaque, pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing was performed...
February 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439674/establishing-a-clinical-phenotype-for-cachexia-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-study-protocol
#8
Joanne Reid, Helen R Noble, Gary Adamson, Andrew Davenport, Ken Farrington, Denis Fouque, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, John Mallett, C McKeaveney, S Porter, David S Seres, Joanne Shields, Adrian Slee, Miles D Witham, Alexander P Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Surveys using traditional measures of nutritional status indicate that muscle wasting is common among persons with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Up to 75% of adults undergoing maintenance dialysis show some evidence of muscle wasting. ESKD is associated with an increase in inflammatory cytokines and can result in cachexia, with the loss of muscle and fat stores. At present, only limited data are available on the classification of wasting experienced by persons with ESKD...
February 13, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436734/risk-of-malnutrition-evaluated-by-mini-nutritional-assessment-and-sarcopenia-in-noninstitutionalized-elderly-people
#9
Ilaria Liguori, Francesco Curcio, Gennaro Russo, Michele Cellurale, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition indices and muscle mass and strength in the elderly are poorly investigated. Moreover, malnutrition seems to be 1 of the more important factors in the cause of sarcopenia. The presence of sarcopenia and its relationship with malnutrition indices were studied in noninstitutionalized elderly people who underwent Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA). METHODS: A total of 473 elderly subjects (mean age, 80.9 ± 6.6 years) admitted to CGA were studied...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435843/nutrition-management-for-the-head-and-neck-cancer-patient
#10
Denise Ackerman, Meghan Laszlo, Arlene Provisor, Adern Yu
Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients often face multiple nutritional challenges before, during, and after treatment due to the close proximity of the cancer to organs that are vital for normal eating function. Common treatment-related side effects, such as dysphagia, odynophagia, dysgeusia, xerostomia, thick saliva, mucositis, nausea, and vomiting, all further impair the patient's ability to maintain adequate oral intake. Malnutrition and unintentional weight loss in HNC patients during and after treatment are associated with poorer treatment outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and poor quality of life, even in overweight and obese patients whose Body Mass Index (BMI) is not suggestive of malnutrition...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433755/vitamin-mineral-and-micronutrient-status-in-patients-with-classical-phenylketonuria
#11
Engin Kose, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Strict low-phenylalanine diet is associated with an increased risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). The primary objective of this single-center, case-control study was to assess the nutritional parameters of patients with PKU on strict low-phenylalanine diet without vitamin and mineral supplementation compared to a healthy control group. Secondary objective was to identify the adequacy of vitamin/mineral supplementation in phenylalanine-free (Phe-free) amino acid formulas...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433514/loss-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-during-neoadjuvant-treatments-correlates-with-worse-prognosis-in-esophageal-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Tommi Järvinen, Ilkka Ilonen, Juha Kauppi, Jarmo Salo, Jari Räsänen
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficits, cachexia, and sarcopenia are extremely common in esophageal cancer. The aim of this article was to assess the effect of loss of skeletal muscle mass during neoadjuvant treatment on the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients. METHODS: Esophageal cancer patients (N = 115) undergoing neoadjuvant therapy and surgery between 2010 and 2014 were identified from our surgery database and retrospectively analyzed. Computed tomography imaging of the total cross-sectional muscle tissue measured at the third lumbar level defined the skeletal muscle index, which defined sarcopenia (SMI < 52...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#13
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#14
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432507/application-of-phase-angle-for-evaluation-of-the-nutrition-status-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#15
REVIEW
Teresa Małecka-Massalska, Joanna Popiołek, Mariusz Teter, Iwona Homa-Mlak, Mariola Dec, Agata Makarewicz, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
The evaluation of the nutrition status of patients has been the subject of interest of many scientific disciplines. Any deviation from normal values is a serious clinical problem. There are multiple nutrition status evaluation methods used including diet history, scales and questionnaires, physical examination, anthropometric measurements, biochemical measurements, function tests, as well as bioelectric impedance analysis or adipometry. Phase angle, obtained by means of bioelectric impedance analysis, is another parameter that is being more and more frequently applied in nutrition status monitoring...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432326/exercise-improves-physical-activity-and-comorbidities-in-obese-adults-with-asthma
#16
Patrícia Duarte Freitas, Aline Grandi Silva, Palmira Gabriele Ferreira, Analuci da Silva, João Marcos Salge, Regina Maria Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Claudia M Brito, Marcio C Mancini, Celso R F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Obese adults with asthma have an increased number of comorbidities and reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA), which may worsen asthma symptoms. Exercise is recommended to improve asthma outcomes; however, the benefits of exercise for psychosocial comorbidities and physical activity levels in obese adults with asthma have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of exercise on DLPA, asthma symptoms and psychosocial comorbidities in obese adults with asthma...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429539/poor-vitamin-d-status-increases-the-risk-of-anemia-in-school-children-national-food-and-nutrition-surveillance
#17
Bahareh Nikooyeh, Tirang R Neyestani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations and the risk of anemia in a large cohort of children with consideration for the effects of sex, body mass index (BMI), serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations, and iron level status. METHODS: A total of 937 children (493 boys, 444 girls) ages 9 to 12 y were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. The children underwent various examinations including anthropometric measurements and blood sampling...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429454/-association-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-ghrelin-in-breast-milk-with-the-growth-of-infants-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#18
Li-Li Huang, Fan Yang, Fei Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of leptin, adiponectin, and ghrelin in breast milk with the weight growth velocity of infants with exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: A total of 67 full-term singleton infants who received regular child care and exclusive breastfeeding and their mothers were enrolled. The nutritional status was evaluated based on the measurements of body weight and body length (underweight, growth retardation, emaciation, overweight, and obesity)...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427748/the-non-thyroidal-illness-syndrome-is-associated-with-postoperative-surgical-site-infections-in-enterocutaneous-fistulae
#19
Huajian Ren, Jianan Ren, Gefei Wang, Zhiwu Hong, Guosheng Gu, Jun Chen, Xiuwen Wu, Qiongyuan Hu, Guanwei Li
BACKGROUND: Non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is common in critically ill patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Many enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) patients still suffer NTIS prior to definitive surgery. This study was designed to explore the association between preoperative NTIS and postoperative outcomes in ECF patients. METHODS: A total of 264 ECF patients who underwent definitive surgery from April 2014 to November 2016 were studied. Thyroid hormones were tested for each patient before surgery, and the patients were divided into two groups (NTIS group and euthyroid group) according to the presence of NTIS...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427695/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-high-risk-glycemic-control-and-higher-health-care-utilization-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Jason A Mendoza, Wren Haaland, Ralph B D'Agostino, Lauren Martini, Catherine Pihoker, Edward A Frongillo, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Lenna L Liu, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, Angela D Liese
AIMS: Household food insecurity (FI), i.e., limited availability of nutritionally adequate foods, is associated with poor glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the association of FI among youth and young adults (YYA) with type 1 diabetes to inform recent clinical recommendations from the American Diabetes Association for providers to screen all patients with diabetes for FI. METHODS: Using data from the Washington and South Carolina SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study sites, we conducted an observational, cross-sectional evaluation of associations between FI and glycemic control, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits among YYA with type 1 diabetes...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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