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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054859/quality-protein-maize-based-on-reducing-sulfur-in-leaf-cells
#1
Jose Planta, Joachim Messing
Low levels of the essential amino acids lysine (Lys) and methionine (Met) in a maize-based diet are a major cost to feed and food. Lys deficiency is due to the abundance of Lys-poor proteins in maize kernels. Although a maize mutant, opaque-2 (o2), has sufficient levels of Lys, its soft kernel renders it unfit for storage and transportation. Breeders overcame this problem by selecting quantitative trait loci (QTLs) restoring kernel hardness in the presence of o2, a variety called Quality Protein Maize (QPM)...
October 20, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054455/dadle-enhances-viability-and-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-human-mscs-subjected-to-serum-free-apoptotic-condition-in-part-via-the-dor-pi3k-akt-pathway
#2
L Vinod Kumar Reddy, Dwaipayan Sen
AIM: Nutritional deprivation and inflammation-rich zones are the major causative reasons for poor survivability of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Therefore in the present study, we demonstrated the cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of activated delta (δ)-opioid receptor (DOR) with synthetic peptide [D-Ala(2), D-Leu(5)]-enkephalin (DADLE) treatment on human MSCs cultured in serum-starved condition. MAIN METHODS: Cell viability was measured using MTT and Annexin V/PI assays...
October 17, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#3
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#4
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048643/novel-transduction-of-nutrient-stress-to-notch-pathway-by-rasgrp3-promotes-malignant-aggressiveness-in-human-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Ge Hu, Yuepeng Zhou, Yu Zhu, Ling Zhou, Rui Ling, Dan Wu, Lei Mi, Xuefeng Wang, Dongfang Dai, Chaoming Mao, Deyu Chen
In the process of enlarging of tumors, the dissolving tissue structures and remodeling endothelial cells for restoring gas exchange and nutritional support, further facilitate tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Activation of Ras plays a critical role in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We therefore investigated whether Ras guanyl-releasing protein 3 (RasGRP3), a Ras activator, could promote metastasis by inducing vascular regeneration and further epithelial-mesenchymal transition under nutrient stress (NS)...
September 25, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046007/-dietary-recommendations-in-metabolic-vascular-syndrome
#6
Katharina Lechner, Nicole Erickson, Benjamin Lechner, Florian Horn
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Poor diet constitutes a key factor in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease and has become the leading risk factor for disability and death worldwide. Therefore, addressing suboptimal nutrition is of key prognostic relevance in primary and secondary prevention of metabolic vascular syndrome.Metabolic vascular syndrome is a multidimensional network of acquired cardiometabolic risk factors closely related to insulin resistance (IR) and concomitant hyperinsulinemia...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045490/the-ethylene-response-factor-aterf4-negatively-regulates-the-iron-deficiency-response-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#7
Wei Liu, N J Umuhoza Karemera, Ting Wu, Yafei Yang, Xinzhong Zhang, Xuefeng Xu, Yi Wang, Zhenhai Han
Iron (Fe) deficiency is one of many conditions that can seriously damage crops. Low levels of photosynthesis can lead to the degradation of chlorophyll content and impaired respiration in affected plants, which together cause poor growth and reduce quality. Although ethylene plays an important role in responses to Fe deficiency, a limited number of studies have been carried out on ethylene response factor (ERFs) as components of plant regulation mechanisms. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the role of AtERF4 in plant responses to Fe deficiency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044558/adolescent-pregnancy-and-nutrition-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-mamachiponde-study-in-malawi
#8
Alyssa Friebert, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Peggy C Papathakis, Mark J Manary
Young age at childbearing (≤19 years) is common and associated with poor birth outcomes. A trial among Malawian pregnant women with moderate malnutrition was used to determine outcomes of young adolescents (≤18 years), older adolescents (18-20 years), and adults (>20 years). Women received one of three supplementary foods that provided ∼900 kcal/day and 33-36 g protein/day and returned every 2 weeks. Newborn/maternal measurements were taken at delivery and after 6 and 12 weeks. Upon enrollment, adolescents had greater body mass index than adults (19...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043689/-mesenteric-edema-as-a-prenatal-ultrasound-sign-of-poor-prognosis-in-gastroschisis
#9
M Dore Reyes, P Triana Junco, J L Encinas Hernández, E Alvarado Antolín, J L Bartha Rasero, V Núñez Cerezo, M Romo Muñoz, M Gómez Cervantes, A Sánchez Galán, L Martínez Martínez, M López Santamaría
INTRODUCTION/AIM OF THE STUDY: Gastroschisis is a congenital malformation with an easy and early prenatal diagnosis, however, it has a variable post-natal outcome. Our aim was to determine if certain ultrasound markers or early delivery were related with a worse postnatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a cohort of patients with gastroschisis diagnosed between 2005-2014, with emphasis on prenatal ultrasounds, gestational age at delivery and post-natal outcome...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#10
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040162/aids-defining-events-and-deaths-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretrovirals-a-14-year-study-in-thailand
#11
Patrinee Traisathit, Tristan Delory, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Rosalin Somsamai, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Sookchai Theansavettrakul, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Jutarat Mekmullica, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sathaporn Na-Rajsima, Marc Lallemant, Tim R Cressey, Gonzague Jourdain, Intira Jeannie Collins, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries. We assessed the incidence of mortality before (early) and after (late) 6-month of ART and of the composite outcome of new/recurrent AIDS-defining-event or death >6 months after ART start (late AIDS/death) and their associated factors. METHODS: Study population was perinatally HIV-infected children (≤18 years) initiating ART within the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment observational cohort (NCT00433030)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038778/ophthalmological-abnormalities-in-wild-european-hedgehogs-erinaceus-europaeus-a-survey-of-300-animals
#12
David Williams, Nina Adeyeye, Erni Visser
In this study we aimed to examine wild European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in rescue centres and to determine ocular abnormalities in this animal population. Three hundred animals varying in age from 2 months to 5 years were examined, 147 being male and 153 female. All animals were evaluated with direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp biomicroscopy in animals where lesions were detected. Tonometry using the Tonovet rebound tonometer was undertaken in selected animals as was assessment of tear production using the Schirmer I tear test...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#13
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037327/low-dietary-intake-of-n-3-fatty-acids-niacin-folate-and-vitamin-c-in-korean-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-the-development-of-dietary-guidelines-for-schizophrenia
#14
Eun Jin Kim, So Young Lim, Hee Jae Lee, Ju-Yeon Lee, Seunggi Choi, Seon-Young Kim, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Soo Jin Yang, Sung-Wan Kim
Inappropriate dietary intake and poor nutritional status are reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and psychopathology in patients with schizophrenia. We hypothesized that inappropriate dietary habits and insufficient dietary intake of specific nutrients are associated with schizophrenia. To test the hypothesis, we assessed the dietary habits and nutritional intake of patients with schizophrenia and then developed suitable dietary guidelines. In total, 140 subjects (73 controls and 67 patients with schizophrenia from community mental health centers) were included, and dietary intakes were analyzed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
September 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037273/determinants-of-takeaway-and-fast-food-consumption-a-narrative-review
#15
Hayley G Janssen, Ian G Davies, Lucinda D Richardson, Leonard Stevenson
Out-of-home foods (takeaway, take-out and fast foods) have become increasingly popular in recent decades and are thought to be a key driver in increasing levels of overweight and obesity due to their unfavourable nutritional content. Individual food choices and eating behaviours are influenced by many interrelated factors which affect the results of nutrition-related public health interventions. While the majority of research based on out-of-home foods comes from Australia, the UK and USA, the same issues (poor dietary habits and increased prevalence of non-communicable disease) are of equal concern for urban centres in developing economies undergoing 'nutrition transition' at a global scale...
October 17, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037190/do-mobile-clinics-provide-high-quality-antenatal-care-a-comparison-of-care-delivery-knowledge-outcomes-and-perception-of-quality-of-care-between-fixed-and-mobile-clinics-in-central-haiti
#16
Erica Phillips, Rebecca J Stoltzfus, Lesly Michaud, Gracia Lionel Fils Pierre, Francoise Vermeylen, David Pelletier
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is an important health service for women in developing countries, with numerous proven benefits. Global coverage of ANC has steadily increased over the past 30 years, in part due to increased community-based outreach. However, commensurate improvements in health outcomes such as reductions in the prevalence of maternal anemia and infants born small-for-gestational age have not been achieved, even with increased coverage, indicating that quality of care may be inadequate...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036009/exchangeable-zinc-pool-size-at-birth-in-pakistani-sga-and-aga-infants-do-not-differ-but-are-lower-than-in-us-infants
#17
Shabina Ariff, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, K Michael Hambidge, Leland V Miller, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are more susceptible to infectious morbidity and growth faltering compared to their appropriate for gestational age (AGA) counterparts. Zinc supplementation of SGA infants may be beneficial but the underlying susceptibility to zinc deficiency of SGA infants has not been examined. METHODS: In a community-based, observational, longitudinal study in a peri-urban settlement of Karachi, Pakistan, we compared the size of the exchangeable zinc pools (EZP) in term SGA and AGA infants at birth and at 6 months of age, hypothesizing that the EZP would be lower in the SGA group...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035175/lifestyle-medicine-a-brief-review-of-its-dramatic-impact-on-health-and-survival
#18
Balazs I Bodai, Therese E Nakata, William T Wong, Dawn R Clark, Steven Lawenda, Christine Tsou, Raymond Liu, Linda Shiue, Neil Cooper, Michael Rehbein, Benjamin P Ha, Anne Mckeirnan, Rajiv Misquitta, Pankaj Vij, Andrew Klonecke, Carmelo S Mejia, Emil Dionysian, Sean Hashmi, Michael Greger, Scott Stoll, Thomas M Campbell
By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiologic, ecologic, and interventional studies have repeatedly indicated that most chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are the result of lifestyles fueled by poor nutrition and physical inactivity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034337/new-biomarkers-of-post-settlement-growth-in-the-sea-urchin-strongylocentrotus-purpuratus
#19
Alyaa Elsaid Abdelaziz Fadl, Magdy Elsayed Mahfouz, Mona Mabrouk Taha El-Gamal, Andreas Heyland
Some sea urchins, including the purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, have been successfully used in aquaculture, but their slow growth and late reproduction are challenging to overcome when developing efficient aquaculture production techniques. S. purpuratus develops via an indirect life history that is characterized by a drastic settlement process at the end of a larval period that lasts for several weeks. During this transition, the bilateral larva is transformed into a pentaradial juvenile, which will start feeding and growing in the benthic habitat...
October 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032623/complementary-feeding-practices-current-global-and-regional-estimates
#20
Jessica M White, France Bégin, Richard Kumapley, Colleen Murray, Julia Krasevec
Insufficient quantities and inadequate quality of complementary foods, together with poor feeding practices, pose a threat to children's health and nutrition. Interventions to improve complementary feeding are critical to reduce all forms of malnutrition, and access to data to ascertain the status of complementary feeding practices is essential for efforts to improve feeding behaviours. However, sufficient data to generate estimates for the core indicators covering the complementary feeding period only became available recently...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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