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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718996/production-of-ligninolytic-enzymes-and-some-diffusible-antifungal-compounds-by-white-rot-fungi-using-potato-solid-wastes-as-the-sole-nutrient-source
#1
H Schalchli, E Hormazábal, O Rubilar, G Briceño, A Mutis, G J Zocolo, C Diez
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the synthesis of ligninolytic enzymes and some diffusible antifungal compounds by white-rot fungi using peels or discarded potato as the sole nutrient source. METHODS AND RESULTS: The strain Trametes hirsuta Ru-513 has been highlighted for its laccase activity (595 ± 33 U l(-1) ), which is able to decolourise 87% of an anthraquinone dye using potato peels as the sole nutritional support. A native polyacrylamide gel of laccase proteins showed the presence of two isoenzymes, corresponding to proteins of 56 and 67 kDa, which were detected by SDS-PAGE...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718185/congenital-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia-a-disorder-not-only-of-fetoneonates
#2
Shi-Min Yuan
Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL) is a rare developmental disorder of the lung, characterized by dilation of pulmonary subpleural, interlobar, perivascular and peribronchial lymphatics. The incidence of CPL among stillborn and neonates was estimated to be <1%. The etiology of CPL is unknown. However, it has been suspected to be of a genetic background. Recent basic studies revealed that it might be caused by the FOXC2, Vegfr-3 and integrin α9β1gene mutations. A clinical diagnosis of CPL can be made much easier in full-term neonates who present with respiratory distress, pleural (especially chylous) effusions with or without generalized edema...
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#3
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716327/surgical-management-of-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#4
REVIEW
Ronak A Gor, Sean P Elliott
Surgery for patients with neurogenic urinary tract dysfunction (nLUTD) is indicated when medical therapy fails, to correct conditions affecting patient safety, or when surgery can enhance the quality of life better than nonoperative management. Examples include failure of maximal medical therapy, inability to perform or aversion to clean intermittent catheterization, refractory incontinence, and complications from chronic, indwelling catheters. Adults with nLUTD have competing risk factors, including previous operations, obesity, poor nutritional status, complex living arrangements, impaired dexterity/paralysis, and impaired executive and cognitive function...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712159/association-of-the-cardiometabolic-staging-system-with-individual-engagement-and-quality-of-life-in-the-us-adult-population
#5
Sandra A Tsai, Lan Xiao, Nan Lv, Ying Liu, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of Cardiometabolic Disease Staging (CMDS), a validated five-stage system for assessing risk for diabetes, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality, with measures of individual engagement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the US adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to derive the CMDS stages, five participant engagement measures, and four HRQOL measures among adult participants ≥ 40 years of age...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712113/nutritional-status-is-the-major-factor-affecting-grip-strength-of-african-hiv-patients-before-and-during-antiretroviral-treatment
#6
Suzanne Filteau, G PrayGod, S L Woodd, Henrik Friis, D C Heimburger, J R Koethe, P Kelly, L Kasonka, Andrea M Rehman
OBJECTIVES: Low grip strength is a marker of frailty and a risk factor for mortality among HIV patients and other populations. We investigated factors associated with grip strength in malnourished HIV patients at referral to ART, and at 12 weeks and 2-3 years after starting ART. METHODS: The study involved HIV-infected Zambian and Tanzanian participants recruited to the NUSTART trial when malnourished (body mass index <18.5 kg/m(2) ) and requiring ART. The relationship of grip strength to nutritional, infectious and demographic factors was assessed by multivariable linear regression at referral for ART (n=1742) and after 12 weeks (n=778) and 2-3 years of ART (n=273)...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710247/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-growth-to-12-years
#7
Lisette Leeuwen, Daphne S Mous, Joost van Rosmalen, Joanne F Olieman, Laura Andriessen, Saskia J Gischler, Koen F M Joosten, Rene M H Wijnen, Dick Tibboel, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Marjolein Spoel
OBJECTIVES: Growth problems are reported in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia during the first years of life. However, it is unknown if poor growth persists during childhood. We therefore evaluated growth of patients longitudinally until 12 years of age. METHODS: This prospective study included 172 patients (43 treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [ECMO]) born from 1999 to 2014. Z scores of height-for-age (HFA), weight-for-height, and distance-to-target height were calculated at 6 months of age and at 1, 2, 5, 8, and 12 years of age...
July 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710052/rationale-and-design-of-feeding-america-s-bravest-mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-to-change-firefighters-eating-habits-and-improve-cardiovascular-risk-profiles
#8
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sean B Cash, Costas Christophi, Sara Folta, Steven Moffatt, Carolyn Muegge, Maria Korre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stefanos N Kales
Among US firefighters, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of on-duty death. Poor diet contributes to this burden, but effective strategies to encourage healthy eating in the fire service are not established. "Feeding America's Bravest" motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardiometabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean diet principles. Feeding America's Bravest is a cluster-randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department, including about 1000 firefighters...
July 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#9
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707418/comparison-of-nutrient-intake-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-and-without-food-allergies
#10
K Maslin, C Venter, H MacKenzie, B Vlieg-Boerstra, T Dean, I Sommer
BACKGROUND: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The present study aimed to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies with that of a control group. METHODS: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the UK. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704944/sphenostylis-stenocarpa-ex-a-rich-harms-a-fading-genetic-resource-in-a-changing-climate-prerequisite-for-conservation-and-sustainability
#11
Catherine Veronica Nnamani, Sunday Adesola Ajayi, Happiness Ogba Oselebe, Christopher John Atkinson, Anastasia Ngozi Igboabuchi, Eucharia Chizoba Ezigbo
The southeastern part of Nigeria is one of the major hotspots of useful plant genetic resources. These endemic species are associated with a rich indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity in relation to their use and conservation. Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., (African Yam Bean (AYB)), is one such crop within the family of Fabaceae. Its nutritional and eco-friendly characteristics have value in ameliorating malnutrition, hidden hunger and environmental degradation inherent in resource-poor rural and semi-rural communities throughout Africa...
July 12, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701562/nutritional-state-reveals-complex-consequences-of-risk-in-a-wild-predator-prey-community
#12
Philip D DeWitt, Matthew S Schuler, Darcy R Visscher, Richard P Thiel
Animal populations are regulated by the combined effects of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic processes. Ecologists have struggled to isolate these mechanisms because their effects on prey behaviour, nutrition, security and fitness are often interrelated. We monitored how forage, non-consumptive effects (NCEs), consumptive predation and climatic conditions influenced the demography and nutritional state of a wild prey population during predator recolonization. Combined measures of nutrition, survival and population growth reveal that predators imposed strong effects on the prey population through interacting non-consumptive and consumptive effects, and forage mechanisms...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701179/a-study-on-relationship-between-elderly-sarcopenia-and-inflammatory-factors-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#13
Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yu-Dong Rong, Jian Wang, Jun-Xiong Wang, Xin-Zi Zhou
BACKGROUND: This report aims to study the relationship between sarcopenia of elderly in community and inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. METHODS: A total of 441 elders who undertook physical examinations were included into this study. The age of these subjects were >60, in which 235 subjects were male and 206 subjects were female. According to the diagnostic standards of sarcopenia set by EWGSOP and AWGS, these subjects were divided into two groups: sarcopenia, and non-sarcopenia groups...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700832/a-12-week-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-improves-metabolic-health-outcomes-over-a-control-diet-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-overweight-defence-force-personnel
#14
Caryn Zinn, Julia McPhee, Nigel Kent Harris, Micalla Williden, Kate Prendergast, Grant Schofield
INTRODUCTION: Overweight, obesity and poor health is becoming a global concern for defence force personnel. Conventional nutrition guidelines are being questioned for their efficacy in achieving optimal body composition and long-term health. This study compared the effects of a 12-week low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a conventional, high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on weight reduction and metabolic health outcomes in at-risk New Zealand Defence Force personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, 41 overweight personnel were assigned to intervention and control groups...
July 12, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700185/-dialysis-and-cookers-a-project-for-the-empowerment-of-patients-in-managing-their-own-chronic-renal-failure
#15
REVIEW
Mara Cabibbe, Alberto Montoli, Franca Cassaro, Paola Cortesi, Rossana D'Oria, Michela Izzo, Monica Grotti, Nadia Manca, Filomena Marino, Cecilia Biazzi, Giuliano Cingoli, Giacomo Colussi
The phosphate and potassium control is indispensable to dominate the secondary hyperparathyroidism and reduce cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Most of them receive only theoretical nutritional information. We therefore organized a cooking workshop for dialysis patients, with a multidisciplinary team consisting of nurses, nephrologists, a dietitian and a professional chef, to directly teach the patients and their families how to realize a low phosphorus and potassium menu, assessing the proper use of phosphate binders, and blood tests at baseline and at three and six months...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699419/chair-rise-capacity-and-associated-factors-in-older-home-care-clients
#16
Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Irma Nykänen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of older home-care clients to perform the five times chair rise test and associated personal characteristics, nutritional status and functioning. METHODS: The study sample included 267 home-care clients aged ≥75 years living in Eastern and Central Finland. The home-care clients were interviewed at home by home-care nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists. The collected data contained sociodemographic factors, functional ability (Barthel Index, IADL), cognitive functioning (MMSE), nutritional status (MNA), depressive symptoms (GDS-15), medical diagnoses and drug use...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698820/zooplankton-as-a-potential-vector-for-white-band-disease-transmission-in-the-endangered-coral-acropora-cervicornis
#17
Rebecca H Certner, Amanda M Dwyer, Mark R Patterson, Steven V Vollmer
Coral diseases are a leading factor contributing to the global decline of coral reefs, and yet mechanisms of disease transmission remain poorly understood. This study tested whether zooplankton can act as a vector for white band disease (WBD) in Acropora cervicornis. Natural zooplankton communities were collected from a coral reef in Bocas del Toro, Panama. Half of the zooplankton were treated with antibiotics for 24 h after which the antibiotic-treated and non-antibiotic-treated zooplankton were incubated with either seawater or tissue homogenates from corals exhibiting WBD-like symptoms...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698354/enhanced-secondary-and-hormone-metabolism-in-leaves-of-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-medicago-truncatula
#18
Lisa Adolfsson, Hugues Nziengui, Ilka N Abreu, Jan Šimura, Azeez Beebo, Andrei Herdean, Jila Aboalizadeh, Jitka Široká, Thomas Moritz, Ondřej Novák, Karin Ljung, Benoît Schoefs, Cornelia Spetea
Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) are the most common symbiotic associations between plant's root compartment and fungi. They provide nutritional benefit (mostly inorganic phosphate, Pi) leading to improved growth, and non-nutritional benefits including defense responses to environmental cues throughout the host plant, which in return delivers carbohydrates to the symbiont. However, how transcriptional and metabolic changes occurring in leaves of AM plants differ from those induced by Pi fertilization is poorly understood...
July 11, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694842/factors-associated-with-intention-to-exclusive-breastfeed-in-central-women-s-hospital-yangon-myanmar
#19
Myat Pan Hmone, Mu Li, Kingsley Agho, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition is a public health problem in Myanmar. Despite current efforts, the exclusive breastfeeding rate (EBF) for children under six months is only 24%. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor for long-term breastfeeding, however, little is known about pregnant women's breastfeeding intentions in Myanmar. We, therefore, aimed to identify the factors associated with women's intention to EBF. METHOD: Data in this article was collected in a baseline survey for a randomized controlled trial, which aimed to assess the impact of mobile text messages on the breastfeeding practices of women in Yangon, Myanmar...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694103/coe-inhibits-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-suppressing-notch1-signaling
#20
Chen Jue, Zhao Min, Zhang Zhisheng, Cui Lin, Qian Yayun, Wang Xuanyi, Jin Feng, Wang Haibo, Shi Youyang, Hisamitsu Tadashi, Ishikawa Shintaro, Guo Shiyu, Liu Yanqing
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) has been suggested to be present in various malignant tumors and associated with tumor nutrition supply and metastasis, leading to poor prognosis of patients. Notch1 has been demonstrated to contribute to VM formation in hepathocellular carcinoma (HCC). Celastrus orbiculatus extract (COE), a mixture of 11 terpenoids isolated from the Chinese Herb Celastrus orbiculatus Vine, has been suggested to be effective in cancer treatment...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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