Read by QxMD icon Read


J von Felden, J Vermehren, P Ingiliz, S Mauss, T Lutz, K G Simon, H W Busch, A Baumgarten, K Schewe, D Hueppe, C Boesecke, J K Rockstroh, M Daeumer, N Luebke, J Timm, J Schulze Zur Wiesch, C Sarrazin, S Christensen
BACKGROUND: Twelve weeks of the pangenotypic direct-acting antiviral (DAA) combination sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) was highly efficient in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 (GT3) infection in the ASTRAL-3 approval study. However, presence of resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in the HCV nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) was associated with lower treatment response. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of SOF/VEL ± ribavirin (RBV) and the impact of NS5A RASs and RBV use on treatment outcome in HCV GT3 infection in a real-world setting...
March 14, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Fei Xiao, Stanley Wang, Rina Barouch-Bentov, Gregory Neveu, Szuyuan Pu, Melanie Beer, Stanford Schor, Sathish Kumar, Vlad Nicolaescu, Brett D Lindenbach, Glenn Randall, Shirit Einav
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads via secreted cell-free particles or direct cell-to-cell transmission. Yet, virus-host determinants governing differential intracellular trafficking of cell-free- and cell-to-cell-transmitted virus remain unknown. The host adaptor proteins (APs) AP-1A, AP-1B, and AP-4 traffic in post-Golgi compartments, and the latter two are implicated in basolateral sorting. We reported that AP-1A mediates HCV trafficking during release, whereas the endocytic adaptor AP-2 mediates entry and assembly...
March 13, 2018: MBio
Scott P Kenney, Xiang-Jin Meng
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) possesses many of the features of other positive-stranded RNA viruses but also adds HEV-specific nuances, making its virus-host interactions unique. Slow virus replication kinetics and fastidious growth conditions, coupled with the historical lack of an efficient cell culture system to propagate the virus, have left many gaps in our understanding of its structure and replication cycle. Recent advances in culturing selected strains of HEV and resolving the 3D structure of the viral capsid are filling in knowledge gaps, but HEV remains an extremely understudied pathogen...
March 12, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Shifeng Ling, Mingyang Luo, Shengnan Jiang, Jiayu Liu, Chunying Ding, Qinghuan Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Wenjie Gong, Changchun Tu, Jinfu Sun
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) nonstructural protein NS5A is a multifunctional protein functioning in regulation of viral genome replication, protein translation and assembly by interaction with viral or host proteins. Here, heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) has been identified as a novel binding partner of NS5A by using His tag "pull down" coupled with shotgun LC-MS/MS, with interaction of both proteins further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and laser confocal assays. In PK-15 cells, silencing of Hsp27 expression by siRNA enhanced CSFV replication, and upregulation of Hsp27 inhibited viral proliferation...
March 8, 2018: Virology
Kanjana Srisutthisamphan, Krit Jirakanwisal, Suwipa Ramphan, Natthida Tongluan, Atichat Kuadkitkan, Duncan R Smith
Infections with the mosquito-borne dengue virus (DENV) remain a significant public health challenge. In the absence of a commercial therapeutic to treat DENV infection, a greater understanding of the processes of cellular replication is required. The abundant cellular chaperone protein heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been shown to play a proviral role in the replication cycle of several viruses, predominantly through the stabilization of specific viral proteins. To investigate any potential role of Hsp90 in DENV infection the interaction between Hsp90 and DENV proteins was determined through co-immunoprecipitation experiments...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Christophe Rodriguez, Alexandre Soulier, Vanessa Demontant, Lila Poiteau, Mélanie Mercier-Darty, Magali Bouvier-Alias, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky, Stéphane Chevaliez
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype and subtype (1a/1b) identification is needed to tailor anti-HCV therapy. Currently available methods accurately identify the genotype and differentiate subtypes 1a from 1b. However, these assays have not been designed to identify other HCV subtypes, nor to recognize mixed genotype/subtype infections, emphasizing the need for a high-resolution system based on phylogenetic analysis of reads obtained by deep sequencing of a relevant genome region. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Sentosa SQ HCV Genotyping Assay, a novel deep sequencing-based assay targeting the HCV nonstructural 5B (NS5B) region, in clinical samples from patients with an indication for anti-HCV therapy...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhenjian He, Jiahui Chen, Shu An, Xinhuai Dong, Jianchen Yu, Shihao Zhang, Yun Wu, Ge Li, Yu Zhang, Jueheng Wu, Xun Zhu, Mengfeng Li
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that has been identified as a cause of several severe disease manifestations, including congenital microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis and myelitis. Previous studies showed that ZIKV-infected patients exhibited elevated plasma levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), indicating that ZIKV may activate inflammasomes. However, the molecular basis for its viral pathogenesis remains poorly understood. In this current study, we found that ZIKV infection caused severe inflammatory pathological changes and promoted IL-1β production in vitro as well as in vivo...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Rachel D Brownlee, Amir Ardeshir, Michael D Becker, April M Wagner, David G Besselsen
The influence of mouse strain, immune competence and age on the pathogenesis of a field strain of minute virus of mice (MVMm) was examined in BALB/c, C3H, C57BL/6 and SCID mice experimentally infected as neonates, weanlings and adults. Sera, bodily excretions and tissues were harvested at 7, 14, 28 and 56 days after inoculation and evaluated by serology, quantitative PCR and histopathology. Seroconversion to recombinant viral capsid protein 2 was consistently observed in all immunocompetent strains of mice, regardless of the age at which they were inoculated, while seroconversion to the viral nonstructural protein 1 was only consistently detected in neonate inoculates...
March 8, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Chi-Ping Chan, Chun-Kit Yuen, Pak-Hin Hinson Cheung, Sin-Yee Fung, Pak-Yin Lui, Honglin Chen, Kin-Hang Kok, Dong-Yan Jin
PACT is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein that has been implicated in host-influenza A virus (IAV) interaction. PACT facilitates the action of RIG-I in the activation of the type I IFN response, which is suppressed by the viral nonstructural protein NS1. PACT is also known to interact with the IAV RNA polymerase subunit PA. Exactly how PACT exerts its antiviral activity during IAV infection remains to be elucidated. In the current study, we demonstrated the interplay between PACT and IAV polymerase. Induction of IFN-β by the IAV RNP complex was most robust when both RIG-I and PACT were expressed...
March 7, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Yinghao Xin, Dang Wang, Meijin Huang, Jinjin Yu, Liurong Fang, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), an acute infectious disease agent in swine, causes enormous economic losses to the global swine industry. PRRSV nonstructural protein 1β (nsp1β) plays a critical role in viral subgenomic mRNA synthesis and host immune regulation. However, the global changes of cellular gene expression in natural target cells regulated by the nsp1β have not yet been identified. Here, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry were used to quantitatively identify cellular proteins in porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing PRRSV nsp1β that are differentially expressed compared with PAM 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing GFP...
March 5, 2018: Virus Genes
Hiroki Ikeda, Tsunamasa Watanabe, Hirohito Shimizu, Tetsuya Hiraishi, Rena Kaneko, Toshiyuki Baba, Hideaki Takahashi, Kotaro Matsunaga, Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Hiroshi Yasuda, Chiaki Okuse, Shogo Iwabuchi, Michihiro Suzuki, Fumio Itoh
AIM: The therapeutic benefit of adding ribavirin (RBV) to 12 weeks of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) for patients who experienced failure of a previous nonstructural protein (NS) 5A inhibitor-containing regimen is unclear. METHODS: A total of 29 genotype 1b HCV patients who had failed prior daclatasvir (DCV) plus asunaprevir (ASV) treatment were retreated for 12 weeks of LDV/SOF, with or without RBV. Antiviral efficacy and predictive factors associating with a sustained virological response at 24 weeks (SVR24) were evaluated retrospectively...
March 5, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Jo Ee Sam, Teak Sheng Gee, Nasser Abdul Wahab
Dengue fever has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality in subtropical and tropical countries. We report a rare case of severe dengue with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. A search of literature through PubMed revealed that the largest series analyzed so far only included five cases. A 47-year-old man presented with 7 days history of fever, headache, myalgia, and vomiting with hematemesis. On the day of presentation, he had reduced consciousness and an episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Krishnan Balasubramanian, Vaishali M Patil
We have carried out high-level quantum chemical computations followed by molecular docking studies on a set of 17C5 -arylidene rhodanine isomers to provide insights into the binding modes with different reported binding pockets of the nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B) polymerase that contribute to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) inhibition. We optimized the multi-target profile of the selected rhodanine analogs to investigate potential non-nucleotide inhibitors (NNIs) by quantum chemical optimization of the 18 isomers followed by docking with quantum chemically optimized structures of each isomer with NS5B polymerase at multiple binding pockets...
January 31, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Yanming Li, Changwei Yang, Xiaodong Zhu, Ming Li
A retrospective study.The optimal implant density in patients with Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is undefined, and there is no study reporting the correlation between the partitional implant density and the correction outcome.To determine whether the implant density in structural and nonstructural regions would affect the coronal correction outcome of Lenke 1A and 1B AIS.Preoperative general data and postoperative follow-up data of Lenke 1A and 1B AIS patients who received posterior fusion with the pedicle screw system were analyzed...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Han Di, Ayisha A McIntyre, Margo A Brinton
The members of the Order Nidovirales share a similar genome organization with two overlapping nonstructural polyproteins encoded in the 5' two-thirds and the structural proteins encoded in the 3' third. They also express their 3' region proteins from a nested set of 3' co-terminal subgenomic messenger RNAs (sg mRNAs). Some but not all of the Nidovirus sg mRNAs also have a common 5' leader sequence that is acquired by a discontinuous RNA synthesis mechanism regulated by multiple 3' body transcription regulating sequences (TRSs) and the 5' leader TRS...
February 20, 2018: Virology
Fumihiro Kato, Yuki Ishida, Akihiko Kawakami, Tomohiko Takasaki, Masayuki Saijo, Tomoyuki Miura, Takayuki Hishiki
Dengue virus (DENV) causes a wide range of illnesses in humans, including dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever. Current animal models of DENV infection are limited for understanding infectious diseases in humans. Bonnet monkeys (Macaca radiata), a type of Old World monkey, have been used to study experimental and natural infections by flaviviruses, but Old World monkeys have not yet been used as DENV infection models. In this study, the replication levels of several DENV strains were evaluated using peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jiawen Yang, Zhihong Zhu, Jianfa Zhang, Chucai Guo, Wei Xu, Ken Liu, Xiaodong Yuan, Shiqiao Qin
We propose a broadband terahertz absorber consisting of nonstructured graphene loaded with arrays of elliptic dielectric cylinders. The relative bandwidth for the absorption above 90% reaches about 65%. The working mechanism of broad bandwidth mainly comes from two aspects. One is that the nonstructured graphene loaded with elliptic dielectric cylinders provides multiple discrete graphene plasmon resonances with large relative frequency interval. The other is that, for each discrete resonance, there exists a set of continuous plasmon resonances because the width of the dielectric structure varies continuously and gradiently...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Elise A Lamont, Erin Poulin, Srinand Sreevatsan, Maxim C-J Cheeran
Influenza A virus in swine (IAV-S) is a prevalent respiratory pathogen in pigs that has deleterious consequences to animal and human health. Pigs represent an important reservoir for influenza and potential mixing vessel for novel gene reassortments. Despite the central role of pigs in recent influenza outbreaks, much remains unknown about the impact of swine immunity on IAV-S transmission, pathogenesis, and evolution. An incomplete understanding of interactions between the porcine immune system and IAV-S has hindered development of new diagnostic tools and vaccines...
January 12, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Sushant Kumar, Raghavendra Ramappa, Kiranmayee Pamidimukkala, C D Rao, K Suguna
Rotavirus nonstructural protein 4, the first viral enterotoxin to be identified, is a multidomain, multifunctional glycoprotein. Earlier, we reported a Ca2+ -bound coiled-coil tetrameric structure of the diarrhea-inducing region of NSP4 from the rotavirus strains SA11 and I321 and a Ca2+ -free pentameric structure from the rotavirus strain ST3, all with a parallel arrangement of α-helices. pH was found to determine the oligomeric state: a basic pH favoured a tetramer, whereas an acidic pH favoured a pentamer...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Virology
Steven Van Borm, Mieke Steensels, Elisabeth Mathijs, Claude Kwe Yinda, Jelle Matthijnssens, Bénédicte Lambrecht
Using random high-throughput RNA sequencing, the complete coding sequence of a novel picorna-like virus (a 9,228-nt contig containing 212,202 reads) was determined from a blackbird (Turdus merula) infected with Usutu virus. This sequence shares only 36% amino acid sequence identity with its closest homolog, arivirus 1, (an unclassified member of the order Picornavirales), and shares its dicistronic genome arrangement. The new virus was therefore tentatively named "blackbird arilivirus" (ari-like virus). The nearly complete genome sequence consists of at least 9,228 nt and contains two open reading frames (ORFs) encoding the nonstructural polyprotein (2235 amino acids) and structural polyprotein (769 amino acids)...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"