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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738457/-survey-of-economic-burden-of-hepatitis-b-related-diseases-in-12-areas-in-china
#1
Q S Ma, S Liang, H W Xiao, S X Zhang, G H Zhuang, Y H Zou, H Z Tan, J C Liu, Y H Zhang, A Q Xu, L Zhang, X X Feng, D S Hu, F Z Wang, F Q Cui, X F Liang
Objective: Less surveys on the economic burden of hepatitis B (HB)-related diseases have been conducted in China, so the socioeconomic harm caused by the diseases is not clear and the key parameters for economic evaluation of hepatitis B prevention and treatment are lacking. This study aimed to analyze the direct, indirect and intangible expenditures of hospitalized patients with HB-related diseases during hospitalization and during a year in different areas of China. Methods: The hospitals for infectious diseases and the large general hospitals in 12 areas in China were selected in the study...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737297/correlates-of-frailty-phenotype-and-frailty-index-and-their-associations-with-clinical-outcomes
#2
G Guaraldi, A Malagoli, O Theou, T D Brothers, Lmk Wallace, R Torelli, C Mussini, S Sartini, S A Kirkland, K Rockwood
OBJECTIVES: Frailty is a predictor of adverse health outcomes and can be measured across the life course, including among people living with HIV. The purpose of this study was to examine two commonly used measures of frailty - the frailty index (FI) and frailty phenotype - to assess common characteristics and to describe associations with multimorbidity, falls, and disability in people aging with HIV. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study including 482 consecutive HIV-infected patients (mean age 53...
July 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737291/nucleoside-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitor-reducing-strategies-in-hiv-treatment-assessing-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
C Orkin, J M Llibre, S Gallien, A Antinori, Gmn Behrens, A Carr
Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, comprising a backbone of two nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) plus another ARV, is the recognized standard of care (SOC), which has helped extend life expectancy in people living with HIV. In a quest to reduce lifelong drug exposure and minimize or avoid the toxicity of NRTIs, "NRTI-reducing" regimens have been investigated. This descriptive review assessing the results of NRTI-reducing strategies from the largest randomized trials focuses on virological efficacy, resistance, regimen safety (in terms of bone mineral density, renal function, lipids and central nervous system function) and simplicity...
July 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736911/observational-study-of-adherence-to-a-traditional-mediterranean-diet-sociocultural-characteristics-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-of-older-greek-australians-from-mediterranean-islands-medis-australia-study-protocol-and-rationale
#4
Antonia Thodis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Laima Brazionis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIM: To describe the study protocol of the MEDiterranean ISlands-Australia (MEDIS-Australia) Study modelled on the MEDIS Study conducted in Greece. The present study aims to explore adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern, determine enablers and barriers to adherence, explore the definition of Greek cuisine, and associations between adherence to the diet pattern and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome in older Greek Australians originally from Greek islands and Cyprus...
July 24, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736874/the-impact-of-changes-in-china-s-family-patterns-on-family-pension-functions
#5
Su Zhongxin, Hu Zhan, Peng Xizhe
Using data from the Chinese census and the China Statistical Yearbook, this paper will analyze the historical changes and future trends of family households in China over the past 30 years and explore the changes of family pension functions and corresponding policies. Our analysis yielded 3 notable results. First, in family size miniaturization and structural simplification, 1- and 2-generation family households are the main body of contemporary China. Second, for family aging and changes in living patterns, which primarily manifest as an increase in; the proportion of elderly households and in middle-aged and elderly people in the family, the elderly model and the "multigenerational model" have become the 2 major residence models for the elderly in China...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736759/forecasted-trends-in-disability-and-life-expectancy-in-england-and-wales-up-to-2025-a-modelling-study
#6
Maria Guzman-Castillo, Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Piotr Bandosz, Simon Capewell, Andrew Steptoe, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimaki, Martin J Shipley, Eric J Brunner, Martin O'Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Reliable estimation of future trends in life expectancy and the burden of disability is crucial for ageing societies. Previous forecasts have not considered the potential impact of trends in disease incidence. The present prediction model combines population trends in cardiovascular disease, dementia, disability, and mortality to forecast trends in life expectancy and the burden of disability in England and Wales up to 2025. METHODS: We developed and validated the IMPACT-Better Ageing Model-a probabilistic model that tracks the population aged 35-100 years through ten health states characterised by the presence or absence of cardiovascular disease, dementia, disability (difficulty with one or more activities of daily living) or death up to 2025, by use of evidence-based age-specific, sex-specific, and year-specific transition probabilities...
July 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736677/no-evidence-of-on-farm-circulation-of-avian-influenza-h5-subtype-in-ca-mau-province-southern-vietnam-march-2016-january-2017
#7
Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Nguyen Ha Thao Vy, Huynh Thi Ai Xuyen, Huynh Thi Phuong, Phung Ngoc Tuyet, Nguyen Thanh Huy, Benjamin Nguyen-Van-Yen, Ha Minh Lam, Maciej F Boni
BACKGROUND: Subtype H5N1 avian influenza viruses, both high pathogenicity and low pathogenicity, have been enzootic in Vietnam since 2001.  The viruses are readily identified at live bird markets, but virus prevalence on smallholder poultry is typically zero or very low.  If the true direction of the viral transmission chain is farm to market, it is unknown why farm prevalence should be low when market prevalence is moderate to high. METHODS: We established a cohort of 50 smallholder poultry farms in Ca Mau province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam...
May 5, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736580/supportive-and-non-supportive-interactions-in-families-with-a-type-2-diabetes-patient-an-integrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Birgitte B Bennich, Michael E Røder, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingrid Egerod, Lene Munch, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll, Hanne Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and its management affect the patient and the close family potentially causing either psychological distress or increased sense of responsibility and collaboration in these families. Interactions between patient and family play an important role in maintaining lifestyle changes and diabetes self-management. The purpose of this integrative review was to summarise and assess published studies on the intra-family perspective of supportive and non-supportive interactions in families with a type 2 diabetes patient...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735983/factors-influencing-the-willingness-of-allied-health-students-to-donate-organs-or-tissues
#9
S H Elsafi, M M Al-Adwani, K M Al-Jubran, M M Abu Hassan, E M Al Zahrani
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of patients waiting for organ transplantation. METHODS: A questionnaire on knowledge and attitude toward organ donation was completed by 434 allied health students. RESULTS: Overall knowledge about the various aspects of organ donation was adequate and was higher among women and clinical students. Although the majority were willing to be living donors for their families, very few students supported deceased organ donation, and even fewer of them had thought about an organ donation card...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733650/emergence-of-polysaccharide-membrane-walls-through-macro-space-partitioning-via-interfacial-instability
#10
Kosuke Okeyoshi, Maiko K Okajima, Tatsuo Kaneko
Living organisms in drying environments build anisotropic structures and exhibit directionality through self-organization of biopolymers. However, the process of macro-scale assembly is still unknown. Here, we introduce a dissipative structure through a non-equilibrium process between hydration and deposition in the drying of a polysaccharide liquid crystalline solution. By controlling the geometries of the evaporation front in a limited space, multiple nuclei emerge to grow vertical membrane walls with macroscopic orientation...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733045/induction-of-live-cell-phagocytosis-by-a-specific-combination-of-inflammatory-stimuli
#11
Takamasa Ishidome, Takeshi Yoshida, Rikinari Hanayama
Conditions of severe hyper-inflammation can lead to uncontrolled activation of macrophages, and the ensuing phagocytosis of live cells. However, relationships between inflammatory stimuli and uncontrolled phagocytosis of live cells by macrophages are poorly understood. To identify mediators of this process, we established phagocytosis assays of live cells by stimulating macrophages with CpG DNA, interferon-γ, and anti-interleukin-10 receptor antibody. In this model, various cell surface receptors were upregulated on macrophages, and phagocytosis of live cells was induced in a Rac1-dependent manner...
July 13, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733041/ocean-acidification-narrows-the-acute-thermal-and-salinity-tolerance-of-the-sydney-rock-oyster-saccostrea-glomerata
#12
Laura M Parker, Elliot Scanes, Wayne A O'Connor, Ross A Coleman, Maria Byrne, Hans-O Pörtner, Pauline M Ross
Coastal and estuarine environments are characterised by acute changes in temperature and salinity. Organisms living within these environments are adapted to withstand such changes, yet near-future ocean acidification (OA) may challenge their physiological capacity to respond. We tested the impact of CO2-induced OA on the acute thermal and salinity tolerance, energy metabolism and acid-base regulation capacity of the oyster Saccostrea glomerata. Adult S. glomerata were acclimated to three CO2 levels (ambient 380μatm, moderate 856μatm, high 1500μatm) for 5weeks (24°C, salinity 34...
July 18, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732531/endometrial-scratching-in-women-with-implantation-failure-after-a-first-ivf-icsi-cycle-does-it-lead-to-a-higher-live-birth-rate-the-scratch-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-ntr-5342
#13
N E van Hoogenhuijze, H L Torrance, F Mol, J S E Laven, E Scheenjes, M A F Traas, C Janssen, B Cohlen, G Teklenburg, J P de Bruin, R van Oppenraaij, J W M Maas, E Moll, K Fleischer, M H van Hooff, C de Koning, A Cantineau, C B Lambalk, M Verberg, M Nijs, A P Manger, M van Rumste, L F van der Voet, A Preys-Bosman, J Visser, E Brinkhuis, J E den Hartog, A Sluijmer, F W Jansen, W Hermes, M L Bandell, M J Pelinck, J van Disseldorp, M van Wely, J Smeenk, Q D Pieterse, J C Boxmeer, E R Groenewoud, M J C Eijkemans, J C Kasius, F J M Broekmans
BACKGROUND: Success rates of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are approximately 30%, with the most important limiting factor being embryo implantation. Mechanical endometrial injury, also called 'scratching', has been proposed to positively affect the chance of implantation after embryo transfer, but the currently available evidence is not yet conclusive. The primary aim of this study is to determine the effect of endometrial scratching prior to a second fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle on live birth rates in women with a failed first IVF/ICSI cycle...
July 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#14
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730875/the-influence-of-fatalistic-beliefs-on-health-beliefs-among-diabetics-in-khartoum-sudan-a-comparison-between-coptic-christians-and-sunni-muslims
#15
Dana Hag Hamed, Marguerite Daniel
Although there are many studies assessing the influence of religious beliefs on health they do not agree on whether the impact is positive or negative. More so, there is no consensus in the available literature on the definition of fatalism and what it means to individuals. In this phenomenological study we attempt to define what religious fatalism means to people living with diabetes in Khartoum, and how it affects their health beliefs, and how those beliefs affect their sense of coherence and generalized resistance resources, since salutogenesis is the guiding theory in this study...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730069/exploration-of-the-academic-lives-of-students-with-disabilities-at-south-african-universities-lecturers-perspectives
#16
Oliver Mutanga, Melanie Walker
BACKGROUND: A decade has passed since South Africa signed and ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a human rights treaty that protects the rights and dignity of people with disabilities. However, not much have changed for students with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with, and perspectives on, disability as well as with students with disabilities. It was hoped that this would contribute to the ongoing policy debates about diversity, inclusion and support for students with disabilities at universities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728918/financing-transformative-health-systems-towards-achievement-of-the-health-sustainable-development-goals-a-model-for-projected-resource-needs-in-67-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Karin Stenberg, Odd Hanssen, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Melanie Bertram, Callum Brindley, Andreia Meshreky, James E Rosen, John Stover, Paul Verboom, Rachel Sanders, Agnès Soucat
BACKGROUND: The ambitious development agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires substantial investments across several sectors, including for SDG 3 (healthy lives and wellbeing). No estimates of the additional resources needed to strengthen comprehensive health service delivery towards the attainment of SDG 3 and universal health coverage in low-income and middle-income countries have been published. METHODS: We developed a framework for health systems strengthening, within which population-level and individual-level health service coverage is gradually scaled up over time...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728602/robot-assisted-training-for-the-upper-limb-after-stroke-ratuls-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Helen Rodgers, Lisa Shaw, Helen Bosomworth, Lydia Aird, Natasha Alvarado, Sreeman Andole, David L Cohen, Jesse Dawson, Janet Eyre, Tracy Finch, Gary A Ford, Jennifer Hislop, Steven Hogg, Denise Howel, Niall Hughes, Hermano Igo Krebs, Christopher Price, Lynn Rochester, Elaine Stamp, Laura Ternent, Duncan Turner, Luke Vale, Elizabeth Warburton, Frederike van Wijck, Scott Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Loss of arm function is a common and distressing consequence of stroke. We describe the protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre randomised controlled trial to determine whether robot-assisted training improves upper limb function following stroke. METHODS/DESIGN: Study design: a pragmatic, three-arm, multicentre randomised controlled trial, economic analysis and process evaluation. SETTING: NHS stroke services. PARTICIPANTS: adults with acute or chronic first-ever stroke (1 week to 5 years post stroke) causing moderate to severe upper limb functional limitation...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728194/-relevance-of-living-wills-during-post-resuscitation-care
#19
Martin Christ, Katharina Isabel von Auenmüller, Martin Grett, Scharbanu Amirie, Michael Brand, Hans-Joachim Trappe
Background There is hardly any evidence about the influence of living wills on acute life-threatening disease like out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA). We therefore initiated this study to quantify the percentage of victims of OHCA who's living wills are available during post-resuscitation care. Methods All victims of OHCA who were admitted to our hospital between January 1(st) 2008 and July 31(th) 2016 were identified by analysis of our central admission register. Data from individual patients were collected from the patient's health records and anonymously stored on a central database...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727995/physician-perceptions-about-living-organ-donation-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
S Ansari, M B Bromberg, S B Gibson
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) have expressed desire to become living organ donors but are unable to do so with current organ donation policies. Our objective is to assess ALS patient's interest in organ donation, and perceived concerns of this practice by ALS neurologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to ALS neurologists across the United States regarding living organ donation in ALS patients prior to respiratory failure...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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