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functional stability training

Dexter R F Irvine
Perceptual learning, improvement in discriminative ability as a consequence of training, is one of the forms of sensory system plasticity that has driven profound changes in our conceptualization of sensory cortical function. Psychophysical and neurophysiological studies of auditory perceptual learning have indicated that the characteristics of the learning, and by implication the nature of the underlying neural changes, are highly task specific. Some studies in animals have indicated that recruitment of neurons to the population responding to the training stimuli, and hence an increase in the so-called cortical "area of representation" of those stimuli, is the substrate of improved performance, but such changes have not been observed in other studies...
March 12, 2018: Hearing Research
B N Subodh, Nidhi Sharma, Raghav Shah
Management of patients with dual diagnosis (Mental illness and substance use disorders) is a challenge. A lack of improvement in either disorder can lead to a relapse in both. The current consensus opinion favours an integrated approach to management of both the disorders wherein the same team of professionals manages both the disorders in the same setting. The role of pharmacotherapy for such dual diagnosis patients is well established but the non-pharmacological approaches for their management are still evolving...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Gary B Wilkerson, Ashish Gupta, Marisa A Colston
Sport injuries restrict participation, impose a substantial economic burden, and can have persisting adverse effects on health-related quality of life. The effective use of Internet of Things (IoT), when combined with analytics approaches, can improve player safety through identification of injury risk factors that can be addressed by targeted risk reduction training activities. Use of IoT devices can facilitate highly efficient quantification of relevant functional capabilities prior to sport participation, which could substantially advance the prevailing sport injury management paradigm...
March 12, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Mirco Floreani, Enrico Rejc, Paolo Taboga, Alessandro Ganzini, Rado Pišot, Bostjan Šimunič, Gianni Biolo, Carlo Reggiani, Angelina Passaro, Marco Narici, Joern Rittweger, Pietro Enrico di Prampero, Stefano Lazzer
In this study, we investigated: i) the effects of bed rest and a subsequent physical training program on metabolic cost (Cw), mechanical work and efficiency during walking in older and young men; ii) the mechanisms underlying the higher Cw observed in older than young men.Twenty-three healthy male subjects (N = 16 older adults, age 59.6±3.4 years; N = 7 young, age: 23.1±2.9 years) participated in this study. The subjects underwent 14 days of bed rest followed by two weeks of physical training (6 sessions)...
2018: PloS One
C Z Esenyel, I Kalkar, M Adaş, S S Dedeoğlu, C D Büyükkurt, H Cabuk, A E Esenyel
Objective: To evaluate the functional and radiological results of patients with and without medial calcar continuity in plate osteosynthesis applied for a proximal humerus fracture retrospectively. Methods: The study included 27 patients to whom plate osteosynthesis was applied because of a proximal humerus fracture between January 2, 2010, and December 30, 2013, at Okmeydanı Research and Training Hospital. Patients were separated into Group A with medial calcar continuity and Group B without medial calcar continuity...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Crhisllane Rafaele Dos Santos Vasconcelos, Túlio de Lima Campos, Antonio Mauro Rezende
BACKGROUND: Systematic analysis of a parasite interactome is a key approach to understand different biological processes. It makes possible to elucidate disease mechanisms, to predict protein functions and to select promising targets for drug development. Currently, several approaches for protein interaction prediction for non-model species incorporate only small fractions of the entire proteomes and their interactions. Based on this perspective, this study presents an integration of computational methodologies, protein network predictions and comparative analysis of the protozoan species Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania infantum...
March 6, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Kristen Tisher, Kimberly Mann, Sarah VanDyke, Charity Johansson, Srikant Vallabhajosula
Supervised balance training shows immediate benefit for older adults at fall risk. The long-term effectiveness of such training can be enhanced by implementing a safe and simple home exercise program (HEP). We investigated the effects of a12-week unsupervised HEP following supervised clinic-based balance training on functional mobility, balance, fall risk, and gait. Six older adults with an elevated fall risk obtained an HEP and comprised the HEP group (HEPG) and five older adults who were not given an HEP comprised the no HEP group (NoHEPG)...
March 5, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Qingliang Feng, Hongyan Liu, Meijie Zhu, Jing Shang, Dan Liu, Xiaoqi Cui, Diqin Shen, Liangzhi Kou, Dong Mao, Jianbang Zheng, Chun Li, Jin Zhang, Hua Xu, Jianlin Zhao
Few-layer black phosphorus (BP), which exhibits excellent optical and electronic properties, has great potential application in nanodevices. However, BP inevitably suffers from the rapid degradation in ambient air due to the high reactivity of P atoms with oxygen and water, which greatly hinders its wide applications. Herein, we demonstrate the electrostatic functionalization as an effective way to simultaneously enhance the stability and dispersity of aqueous phase exfoliated few-layer BP. The poly dimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride (PDDA) is selected to spontaneously and uniformly adsorb on the surface of few-layer BP via electrostatic interaction...
February 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dóra Antal-Uram, László Harsányi, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and colitis ulcerosa) is a chronic, long-term condition that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, and shows an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Changes in disease activity over time affect psychological distress which increases the risk of exacerbations. Beside somatic symptoms (such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss), psychiatric comorbidity (in particular major depression, anxiety, social phobia) is common in patients with Crohn's disease...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Bin Wu, Song Zheng, Zhen-Hai Cai, Yue-Li Wang, Ming Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of core strength training on knee joint function and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A total of 80 ACLR patients were randomly allocated into conventional rehabilitation training group and core strength training group from May 2013 to May 2015 with 40 patients in each group. The patients in conventional rehabilitation training group underwent conventional ACLR rehabilitation training, in which 28 males and 12 females...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Kamyar Momeni, Arvind Ramanujam, Erica L Garbarini, Gail F Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To examine the biomechanical and neuromuscular effects of a longitudinal multi-muscle electrical stimulation (submaximal intensities) training of the lower limbs combined with/without activity-based stand training, on the recovery of stability and function for one individual with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Single-subject, longitudinal study. SETTING: Neuroplasticity laboratory. PARTICIPANT: A 34-year-old male, with sensory- and motor-complete SCI (C5/C6)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Ilia Kiselev, Victor Sysoev, Igor Kaikov, Ilona Koronczi, Ruslan Adil Akai Tegin, Jamila Smanalieva, Martin Sommer, Coskan Ilicali, Michael Hauptmannl
The paper deals with a functional instability of electronic nose (e-nose) units which significantly limits their real-life applications. Here we demonstrate how to approach this issue with example of an e-nose based on a metal oxide sensor array developed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany). We consider the instability of e-nose operation at different time scales ranging from minutes to many years. To test the e-nose we employ open-air and headspace sampling of analyte odors. The multivariate recognition algorithm to process the multisensor array signals is based on the linear discriminant analysis method...
February 11, 2018: Sensors
Vicky Booth, Rowan H Harwood, Victoria Hood-Moore, Trevor Bramley, Jennie E Hancox, Kate Robertson, Judith Hall, Veronika Van Der Wardt, Pip A Logan
This series of articles for rehabilitation in practice aims to cover a knowledge element of the rehabilitation medicine curriculum. Nevertheless, they are intended to be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience. The competency addressed in this article is an understanding of how to develop an intervention for people with mild cognitive impairment and dementia to promote their independence, stability, and physical activity. INTRODUCTION: Older adults with dementia are at a high risk of falls...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Seung-Min Nam, Kyoung Kim, Do Youn Lee
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of visual feedback balance training on the balance and ankle instability in adult men with functional ankle instability. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty eight adults with functional ankle instability, divided randomly into an experimental group, which performed visual feedback balance training for 20 minutes and ankle joint exercises for 10 minutes, and a control group, which performed ankle joint exercise for 30 minutes. Exercises were completed three times a week for 8 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Deena Damschroder, Christian Reynolds, Robert Wessells
Cardiolipin (CL) is a mitochondrial phospholipid that helps maintain normal structure of the inner mitochondrial membrane and stabilize the protein complexes of the electron transport chain to promote efficient ATP synthesis. Tafazzin, an acyl-transferase, is required for synthesis of the mature form of CL. Mutations in the tafazzin (TAZ) gene are associated with a human disorder known as Barth syndrome. Symptoms of Barth syndrome often include muscle weakness and exercise intolerance. Previous work demonstrates that Drosophila Taz mutants exhibit motor weakness, as measured by reduced flying and climbing abilities...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
Tony McDonald, Kathy Stiller
Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety and, to a lesser extent efficacy, of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for patients with acute complete cervical or thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Prospective, observational pilot study comprising a series of case reports. Setting Tertiary care, public hospital. Participants Seven adult subjects with an acute complete cervical or thoracic SCI. Interventions Participants received IMT as soon as their respiratory condition was stable. A high-resistance, low-repetition program of IMT using a POWERbreathe KH1 device was instituted...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Fredrik Tjernström, Per-Anders Fransson, Babar Kahlon, Mikael Karlberg, Sven Lindberg, Peter Siesjö, Måns Magnusson
OBJECT: To evaluate post-surgical postural stability when treating patients with remaining vestibular function with intratympanic gentamicin (PREHAB) prior to schwannoma surgery. METHOD: 44 consecutive patients with some form remaining vestibular function scheduled for vestibular schwannoma surgery. 20 were medically deafferented with intratympanic gentamicin before surgery and 24 were not. Both groups were of the same age, had the same tumor size, same type of surgery, and same perioperative sensory rehabilitation (training exercises), and no surgical complications...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Terrance A Sgroi, Michelle Cilenti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With improvements in surgical techniques and increased knowledge of rotator cuff healing, there was a need to identify a safe progression after rotator cuff repair. The rehabilitation specialist plays an integral role in the care of these patients, and by implementing an evidence and criteria-based model, patients may be able to return to their prior levels of function sooner with fewer complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Timing of progression for rotator cuff patients should align not only with healing but also potential strain on the involved tissue...
February 5, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
T L Jacobsen, M S Jørgensen, B Hammer
Machine learning (ML) is used to derive local stability information for density functional theory calculations of systems in relation to the recently discovered SnO_{2}(110)-(4×1) reconstruction. The ML model is trained on (structure, total energy) relations collected during global minimum energy search runs with an evolutionary algorithm (EA). While being built, the ML model is used to guide the EA, thereby speeding up the overall rate by which the EA succeeds. Inspection of the local atomic potentials emerging from the model further shows chemically intuitive patterns...
January 12, 2018: Physical Review Letters
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