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functional stability training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915207/fixed-distance-walk-tests-at-comfortable-and-fast-speed-potential-tools-for-the-functional-assessment-of-coronary-patients
#1
Marie-Doriane Morard, Delphine Besson, Davy Laroche, Alexandre Naaïm, Vincent Gremeaux, Jean-Marie Casillas
OBJECTIVES: There is ambiguity concerning the walk tests available for functional assessment of coronary patients, particularly for the walking speed. This study explores the psychometric properties of two walking tests, based on fixed-distance tests, at comfortable and fast velocity, in stabilized patients at the end of a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: At a three-day interval 58 coronary patients (mean age of 64.85±6.03 years, 50 men) performed three walk tests, the first two at a comfortable speed in a random order (6-minute walk test - 6MWT - and 400-metre comfortable walk test - 400mCWT) and the third at a brisk speed (200-metre fast walk test - 200mFWT)...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909972/can-we-estimate-short-and-intermediate-term-survival-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-bone-disease
#2
Jonathan A Forsberg, Rikard Wedin, Patrick J Boland, John H Healey
BACKGROUND: Objective means of estimating survival can be used to guide surgical decision-making and to risk-stratify patients for clinical trials. Although a free, online tool ( www.pathfx.org ) can estimate 3- and 12-month survival, recent work, including a survey of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society, indicated that estimates at 1 and 6 months after surgery also would be helpful. Longer estimates help justify the need for more durable and expensive reconstructive options, and very short estimates could help identify those who will not survive 1 month and should not undergo surgery...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905392/-clinical-and-stabilometric-restructuring-of-patients-stability-during-balance-therapy-from-the-first-days-of-ischemic-stroke
#3
E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899717/optimization-of-waste-combinations-during-in-vessel-composting-of-agricultural-waste
#4
V Sudharsan Varma, Ajay S Kalamdhad, Bimlesh Kumar
In-vessel composting of agricultural waste is a well-described approach for stabilization of compost within a short time period. Although composting studies have shown the different combinations of waste materials for producing good quality compost, studies of the particular ratio of the waste materials in the mix are still limited. In the present study, composting was conducted with a combination of vegetable waste, cow dung, sawdust and dry leaves using a 550 L rotary drum composter. Application of a radial basis functional neural network was used to simulate the composting process...
November 28, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895590/brain-functional-connectivity-is-different-during-voluntary-concentric-and-eccentric-muscle-contraction
#5
Wan X Yao, Zhiguo Jiang, Jinqi Li, Changhao Jiang, Crystal G Franlin, Jack L Lancaster, Yufei Huang, Guang H Yue
Previous studies report greater activation in the cortical motor network in controlling eccentric contraction (EC) than concentric contraction (CC) of human skeletal muscles despite lower activation level of the muscle associated with EC. It is unknown, however, whether the strength of functional coupling between the primary motor cortex (M1) and other involved areas in the brain differs as voluntary movements are controlled by a network of regions in the primary, secondary and association cortices. Examining fMRI-based functional connectivity (FC) offers an opportunity to measure strength of such coupling...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856021/interdisciplinary-development-of-an-improved-emergency-department-procedural-work-surface-through-iterative-design-and-use-testing-in-simulated-and-clinical-environments
#7
Xiao C Zhang, Ana M Bermudez, Pranav M Reddy, Ravi R Sarpatwari, Darin B Chheng, Taylor J Mezoian, Victoria R Schwartz, Quinneil J Simmons, Gregory D Jay, Leo Kobayashi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A stable and readily accessible work surface for bedside medical procedures represents a valuable tool for acute care providers. In emergency department (ED) settings, the design and implementation of traditional Mayo stands and related surface devices often limit their availability, portability, and usability, which can lead to suboptimal clinical practice conditions that may affect the safe and effective performance of medical procedures and delivery of patient care...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847492/post-training-meditation-promotes-motor-memory-consolidation
#8
Maarten A Immink
Following training, motor memory consolidation is thought to involve either memory stabilization or off-line learning processes. The extent to which memory stabilization or off-line learning relies on post-training wakeful periods or sleep is not clear and thus, novel research approaches are needed to further explore the conditions that promote motor memory consolidation. The present experiment represents the first empirical test of meditation as potential facilitator of motor memory consolidation. Twelve adult residents of a yoga center with a mean of 9 years meditation experience were trained on a sequence key pressing task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831746/the-interrelationship-of-common-clinical-movement-screens-establishing-population-specific-norms-in-a-large-cohort-of-military-applicants
#9
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Anthony I Beutler, Patricia Deuster
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a leading cause of missed duty time and morbidity in the military. Modifiable risk factors for MSK-Is, such as inadequate core stability, poor movement patterns, and dynamic balance deficits, have not been identified in military applicants on entering service. OBJECTIVE:  To establish normative functional movement data using a series of screens in military applicants entering basic training and explore relationships among several movement tests...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830949/motor-control-exercises-of-the-lumbar-pelvic-region-improve-respiratory-function-in-obese-men-a-pilot-study
#10
Emanuela Bezzoli, Dianne Andreotti, Lucia Pianta, Martina Mascheroni, Lorena Piccinno, Luca Puricelli, Veronica Cimolin, Alberto Salvadori, Franco Codecasa, Paolo Capodaglio
PURPOSE: Obese subjects have decreased pulmonary function. The hypothesis of our study was that poor coordination of the lumbar-pelvic musculature secondary to obesity may hinder the synergic activation of the respiratory muscles. The aim of the paper was to evaluate whether specific motor control exercises of the lumbar-pelvic musculature were able to improve respiratory function. METHOD: Twenty obese male patients underwent a rehabilitation program including adapted physical activity and respiratory physiotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821673/effect-of-core-stability-training-on-trunk-function-standing-balance-and-mobility-in-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Koshiro Haruyama, Michiyuki Kawakami, Tomoyoshi Otsuka
Background Trunk function is important for standing balance, mobility, and functional outcome after stroke, but few studies have evaluated the effects of exercises aimed at improving core stability in stroke patients. Objective To investigate the effectiveness of core stability training on trunk function, standing balance, and mobility in stroke patients. Methods An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial was undertaken in a stroke rehabilitation ward, with 32 participants randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group (n = 16 each)...
November 7, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804900/resource-activation-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-co-morbid-symptoms-and-impaired-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-cambodia
#12
C Steinert, P J Bumke, R L Hollekamp, A Larisch, F Leichsenring, H Mattheß, S Sek, U Sodemann, M Stingl, T Ret, H Vojtová, W Wöller, J Kruse
BACKGROUND: Mental health morbidity in post-conflict settings is high. Nevertheless, randomized controlled trials of psychotherapy on site are rare. Our aim was to integrate rigorous research procedures into a humanitarian programme and test the efficacy of resource activation (ROTATE) in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), co-morbid symptoms and impaired functioning in Cambodia. METHOD: A total of 86 out-patients with PTSD were randomly assigned to five sessions of ROTATE (n = 53) or a 5-week waiting-list control (WLC) condition (n = 33)...
November 2, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#13
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
: One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794631/effects-of-different-exercise-modalities-on-ataxia-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Yeliz Salcı, Ayla Fil, Kadriye Armutlu, F Gökçem Yildiz, Aslı Kurne, Songül Aksoy, Gülay Nurlu, Rana Karabudak
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of different exercise protocols on ataxia in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: A total of 42 MS patients, 17 male and 25 female (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 3-5), were enrolled in this randomized controlled study. The patients were divided into three groups: a balance training (BT) group, a lumbar stabilization (LS) group and a task-oriented training (TT) group. All groups received balance training; additionally, the LS group received lumbar stabilization exercises, and the TT group received task-oriented training...
October 29, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792221/successful-treatment-of-groin-pain-syndrome-in-a-pole-vault-athlete-with-core-stability-exercise-a-case-report
#15
Antonio Dello Iacono, Nicola Maffulli, Lior Laver, Johnny Padulo
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788437/homogenizing-and-diversifying-effects-of-intensive-agricultural-land-use-on-plant-species-beta-diversity-in-central-europe-a-call-to-adapt-our-conservation-measures
#16
Constanze Buhk, Martin Alt, Manuel J Steinbauer, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Steven D Warren, Anke Jentsch
The prevention of biodiversity loss in agricultural landscapes to protect ecosystem stability and functions is of major importance to stabilize overall diversity. Intense agriculture leads to a loss in species richness and homogenization of species pools, but the processes behind are poorly understood due to a lack of systematic case studies: The specific impacts by agriculture in contrast to other land-use creating open habitat are not studied as such landscapes hardly exist in temperate regions. Applying systematic grids, we compared the plant species distribution at the landscape scale between an active military training areas in Europe and an adjacent rather intensively used agricultural landscape...
October 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758966/dopa-responsive-balance-changes-depend-on-use-of-internal-vs-external-attentional-focus-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Eric N Beck, Quincy J Almeida
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) impairs control of well-learned movements. Movement control improvements are found when individuals complete tasks while focusing attention externally on manipulating an object, which is argued to occur due to automatic processing associated with well-learned movements. Focusing attention internally (on movements of ones' limbs) is believed to involve conscious control networks, and hinders movement performance. Previous work has found that an external focus of attention improved postural stability in individuals with PD (compared to internal), but this was when patients were taking dopamine medication, which modulates basal ganglia functioning responsible for well-learned movements...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747393/exercise-effects-in-huntington-disease
#18
Sebastian Frese, Jens A Petersen, Maria Ligon-Auer, Sandro Manuel Mueller, Violeta Mihaylova, Saskia M Gehrig, Veronika Kana, Elisabeth J Rushing, Evelyn Unterburger, Georg Kägi, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Marco Toigo, Hans H Jung
Huntington disease (HD) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms across a wide range of neurological domains, including cognitive and motor dysfunction. There is still no causative treatment for HD but environmental factors such as passive lifestyle may modulate disease onset and progression. In humans, multidisciplinary rehabilitation has a positive impact on cognitive functions. However, a specific role for exercise as a component of an environmental enrichment effect has been difficult to demonstrate...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714514/hippocampal-glua2-and-glua4-protein-but-not-corresponding-mrna-and-promoter-methylation-levels-are-modulated-at-retrieval-in-spatial-learning-of-the-rat
#19
Birgit Rössner, Maximilian Klingler, Tanja Bulat, Ajinkya Sase, Andrea Zeilinger, Melanie Spitzwieser, Jana Aradska, Margit Cichna-Markl, Gert Lubec
AMPA receptors mediate most fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. Highly dynamic AMPA receptors are subjected to trafficking, recycling, and/or degradation and replacement. Changes in AMPA receptor abundance is an important mechanism involved in learning and memory formation. Results obtained with the Morris water maze (MWM), a paradigm for testing spatial memory in rodent, correlate with hippocampal synaptic plasticity and NMDA function. Different phases of spatial learning like acquisition and retrieval involve AMPA receptors...
October 6, 2016: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713479/intrinsic-noise-and-deviations-from-criticality-in-boolean-gene-regulatory-networks
#20
Pablo Villegas, José Ruiz-Franco, Jorge Hidalgo, Miguel A Muñoz
Gene regulatory networks can be successfully modeled as Boolean networks. A much discussed hypothesis says that such model networks reproduce empirical findings the best if they are tuned to operate at criticality, i.e. at the borderline between their ordered and disordered phases. Critical networks have been argued to lead to a number of functional advantages such as maximal dynamical range, maximal sensitivity to environmental changes, as well as to an excellent tradeoff between stability and flexibility...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
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