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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809627/-the-use-of-btb-allograft-in-revision-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-its-success-rate-in-terms-of-subjective-patient-satisfaction
#1
J Sklenský, P Vališ, M Repko, M Rouchal, M Maršálek, D Hrůzová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY A retrospective evaluation of the success rate of revision ACL reconstruction performed using BTB allograft in terms of the life expectancy of the procedure up to and over five years from surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Over a ten-year period, from 2003 to 2013, we performed 47 revision ACL reconstruction surgeries. The majority of the primary ACL reconstructions using BTB autografts were not performed at our site. The group observed included 16 women (34%) and 31 men (66%). The women were aged between 25 and 48 years, the median age being 32...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777921/minimal-alteration-in-muscle-lipid-genes-following-stabilized-weight-loss
#3
Robert H Coker, Leizleigh Robinette, Philip A Kern
PURPOSE: Variations in skeletal muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1∝), carntine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), perilipin protein (PLIN2), and adipose tissue triglyceride lipase (ATGL), and comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) have been described to play important roles in the metabolic regulation of lipid oxidation, and may influence intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and muscle lipid droplet size (LDS). While acute changes in caloric balance and/or aerobic capacity may affect lipid metabolism, the influence of sustained weight loss derived from caloric restriction (CWL) compared to exercise training (EWL) on the above mentioned parameters has not been fully elucidated...
August 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774219/nonoperative-management-and-rehabilitation-of-osteitis-pubis-pubic-bone-stress-in-professional-soccer-players-a-report-of-5-cases
#4
Stephen S McAleer, Ed Lippie, Darcy Norman, Helge Riepenhof
Study Design Case series. Background Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, twisting and cutting are the dominant movements. Little literature exists regarding non-operative rehabilitation strategies for the condition and the outcome of conservative treatment has not been documented. Case Description Five professional and aspiring professional soccer players complaining of pubic symphysis pain, confirmed as PBS on magnetic resonance imaging and objective assessment...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751531/the-preventive-effect-of-a-soccer-specific-ankle-brace-on-acute-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-girls-amateur-soccer-players-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Karin Thijs, Bionka Huisstede, Edwin Goedhart, Frank Backx
BACKGROUND: Acute lateral ankle sprains are the single most often diagnosed injury in female soccer players and often result in an inability to play. This highlights the need for effective prevention strategies. Proprioceptive training and/or the use of an external support to decrease inversion of the ankle joint can prevent or reduce the number of acute lateral ankle sprains. The effectiveness of a soccer-specific ankle brace in reducing first-time and recurrent acute lateral ankle sprains has never been investigated in girl soccer players...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749969/topologynet-topology-based-deep-convolutional-and-multi-task-neural-networks-for-biomolecular-property-predictions
#6
Zixuan Cang, Guo-Wei Wei
Although deep learning approaches have had tremendous success in image, video and audio processing, computer vision, and speech recognition, their applications to three-dimensional (3D) biomolecular structural data sets have been hindered by the geometric and biological complexity. To address this problem we introduce the element-specific persistent homology (ESPH) method. ESPH represents 3D complex geometry by one-dimensional (1D) topological invariants and retains important biological information via a multichannel image-like representation...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744049/the-effects-of-task-oriented-training-with-altered-sensory-input-on-balance-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#7
Min-Hee Park, Jong-Im Won
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of task-oriented training with altered somatosensory input on the balance ability of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six subjects with chronic stroke were divided into an experimental group (n=14) and a control group (n=12). Both groups attended physical therapy sessions five times a week for four weeks. The experimental group performed additional, task-oriented training with altered sensory input three times a week for four weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742602/is-there-a-relationship-between-the-functional-movement-screen-star-excursion-balance-test-and-balance-error-scoring-system
#8
Nicole D Harshbarger, Barton E Anderson, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) scores. DESIGN: Correlational. SETTING: College athletic training facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two intercollegiate athletes (men = 36 and women = 16) representing 8 sports and cleared for unrestricted sport participation. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed the FMS, SEBT, and BESS, in random order, during 1 testing session...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742351/materials-screening-for-the-discovery-of-new-half-heuslers-machine-learning-versus-ab-initio-methods
#9
Fleur Legrain, Jesús Carrete, Ambroise van Roekeghem, Georg K H Madsen, Natalio Mingo
Machine learning (ML) is increasingly becoming a helpful tool in the search for novel functional compounds. Here we use classification via random forests to predict the stability of half-Heusler (HH) compounds, using only experimentally reported compounds as a training set. Cross-validation yields an excellent agreement between the fraction of compounds classified as stable and the actual fraction of truly stable compounds in the ICSD. The ML model is then employed to screen 71 178 different 1:1:1 compositions, yielding 481 likely stable candidates...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732052/protein-asparagine-deamidation-prediction-based-on-structures-with-machine-learning-methods
#10
Lei Jia, Yaxiong Sun
Chemical stability is a major concern in the development of protein therapeutics due to its impact on both efficacy and safety. Protein "hotspots" are amino acid residues that are subject to various chemical modifications, including deamidation, isomerization, glycosylation, oxidation etc. A more accurate prediction method for potential hotspot residues would allow their elimination or reduction as early as possible in the drug discovery process. In this work, we focus on prediction models for asparagine (Asn) deamidation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727674/the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-a-valid-assessment-tool-of-balance-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#11
Luke Martelli, Dave Saraswat, Gail Dechman, Nicholas B Giacomantonio, Scott A Grandy
PURPOSE: Many patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have decreased balance. This is a concern, as it may affect their ability to optimally perform physical exercise in CR and thus decrease CR efficacy. Despite this concern, balance is typically not assessed as part of CR intake. This may be attributable to the fact that a suitable balance assessment tool has not been identified for higher-functioning CR patients. A potential solution to this issue is using the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CBMS), which has been used to assess balance in higher-functioning clinical populations; however, its use in a CR population has never been investigated...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727547/designing-and-implementation-of-stable-sinusoidal-rough-neural-identifier
#12
Ghasem Ahmadi, Mohammad Teshnehlab
A rough neuron is defined as a pair of conventional neurons that are called the upper and lower bound neurons. In this paper, the sinusoidal rough-neural networks (SR-NNs) are used to identify the discrete dynamic nonlinear systems (DDNSs) with or without noise in series-parallel configuration. In the identification of periodic nonlinear systems, sinusoidal activation functions provide more efficient neural networks than the sigmoidal activation functions. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, an online learning algorithm is developed to train the SR-NNs...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723311/visual-perceptual-learning-and-models
#13
Barbara Dosher, Zhong-Lin Lu
Visual perceptual learning through practice or training can significantly improve performance on visual tasks. Originally seen as a manifestation of plasticity in the primary visual cortex, perceptual learning is more readily understood as improvements in the function of brain networks that integrate processes, including sensory representations, decision, attention, and reward, and balance plasticity with system stability. This review considers the primary phenomena of perceptual learning, theories of perceptual learning, and perceptual learning's effect on signal and noise in visual processing and decision...
July 19, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704884/prone-hip-extension-muscle-recruitment-is-associated-with-hamstring-injury-risk-in-amateur-soccer
#14
Joke Schuermans, Damien Van Tiggelen, Erik Witvrouw
'Core stability' is considered essential in rehabilitation and prevention. Particularly with respect to hamstring injury prevention, assessment and training of lumbo-pelvic control is thought to be key. However, supporting scientific evidence is lacking. To explore the importance of proximal neuromuscular function with regard to hamstring injury susceptibility, this study investigated the association between the Prone Hip Extension (PHE) muscle activation pattern and hamstring injury incidence in amateur soccer players...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690513/feature-selection-methods-for-zero-shot-learning-of-neural-activity
#15
Carlos A Caceres, Matthew J Roos, Kyle M Rupp, Griffin Milsap, Nathan E Crone, Michael E Wolmetz, Christopher R Ratto
Dimensionality poses a serious challenge when making predictions from human neuroimaging data. Across imaging modalities, large pools of potential neural features (e.g., responses from particular voxels, electrodes, and temporal windows) have to be related to typically limited sets of stimuli and samples. In recent years, zero-shot prediction models have been introduced for mapping between neural signals and semantic attributes, which allows for classification of stimulus classes not explicitly included in the training set...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640758/consecutive-ultra-short-term-heart-rate-variability-to-track-dynamic-changes-in-autonomic-nervous-system-during-and-after-exercise
#16
Xiang Chen, Ruijie Yao, Gezhen Yin, Jin Li
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative measurement of the dynamic changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) during and after exercise has great significance in clinical, sports training and other fields. A consecutive ultra-short-term (30 s, UST) heart rate variability (HRV) method was proposed to track the exercise-induced autonomic control of heart rate (HR). APPROACH: Twenty-three healthy young men participated in the study. The first four stages of the Modified Bruce Protocol (S0-S3) were performed...
June 22, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628623/use-of-the-deka-arm-for-amputees-with-brachial-plexus-injury-a-case-series
#17
Linda Resnik, Christopher Fantini, Gail Latlief, Samuel Phillips, Nicole Sasson, Eve Sepulveda
OBJECTIVE: Patients with upper limb amputation and brachial plexus injuries have high rates of prosthesis rejection. Study purpose is to describe experiences of subjects with transhumeral amputation and brachial plexus injury, who were fit with, and trained to use, a DEKA Arm. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study utilizing qualitative (e.g. interview, survey) and quantitative data (e.g. self-report and performance measures). Subject 1, a current prosthesis user, had a shoulder arthrodesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606408/-common-therapeutic-approaches-of-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-and-uremic-myopathy
#18
Philippe Chauveau, Karine Moreau, Catherine Lasseur, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The gradual loss of weight and function of muscle in patients with chronic kidney disease as in the elderly impacts the quality of life. Early management should help slow the functional limitation. Physical activity is the first therapy to propose that ensures stability of muscle mass and improved function. Resistance training programs have proven effective but are not yet widely available in nephrology units. The nutritional management should not be forgotten because there is a resistance to anabolism and protein intake should be involved in physical activity program...
June 9, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605316/examining-differences-in-movement-competency-in-professional-baseball-players-born-in-the-united-states-and-dominican-republic
#19
Garrett S Bullock, Taylor Chapman, Thomas Joyce, Robert Prengle, Taylor Stern, Robert J Butler
CONTEXT: Dominican Republic (DR) players have different training norms, which can affect their resiliency and performance. The variance among DR players training regimens may be influenced by the degree of training incorporating fundamental movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in fundamental movement patterns in United States (US) versus DR born professional baseball players. PARTICIPANTS: 142 players (76 DR and 66 US born) that were recently selected by an MLB team...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605232/sensorimotor-control-of-the-shoulder-in-professional-volleyball-players-with-isolated-infraspinatus-muscle-atrophy
#20
Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini, Fabio Massimo Botti, Daniele Busti, Roberto Panichi, Vito Enrico Pettorossi
CONTEXT: Isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy (IIMA) only affects the hitting shoulder of overhead-activity athletes, and is caused by suprascapular nerve neuropathy. No study has assessed the static and dynamic stability of the shoulder in overhead professional athletes with IIMA to reveal possible shoulder sensorimotor alterations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the shoulder static stability, dynamic stability, and strength in professional volleyball players with IIMA and in healthy control players...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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