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Predictors medication use anti-depressants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753141/the-correlates-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review
#1
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388570/baseline-characteristics-and-treatment-emergent-risk-factors-associated-with-cerebrovascular-event-and-death-with-risperidone-in-dementia-patients
#2
Robert Howard, Sergi G Costafreda, Keith Karcher, Danielle Coppola, Jesse A Berlin, David Hough
BACKGROUND: Use of antipsychotics to treat behavioural symptoms of dementia has been associated with increased risks of mortality and stroke. Little is known about individual patient characteristics that might be associated with bad or good outcomes. AIMS: We examined the risperidone clinical trial data to look for individual patient characteristics associated with these adverse outcomes. METHOD: Data from all double-blind randomised controlled trials of risperidone in dementia patients (risperidone n = 1009, placebo n = 712) were included...
July 7, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344625/affective-disorders-as-potential-complication-of-anti-acne-treatment-with-isotretinoin-a-case-series
#3
Karakula-Juchnowicz Hanna, Kowal-Popczak Agnieszka, Dzikowski Michal, Juchnowicz Dariusz, Dzikowska Izabela, Makarewicz Agata, Dubas-Slemp Halina
OBJECTIVE: To analyse cases of 9 patients (18-27 yo) who were consequently admitted to our department and treated with affective disorders (AD) while undergoing isotretinoin (INN) therapy. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire designed by the authors was used to analyse many variables related to demographic characteristics, dermatologic and psychiatrics symptoms, AD course and treatment, family history of mental disorders, building on medical histories of patients and their families, and available medical records...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121447/the-use-of-preoperative-psychological-evaluations-to-predict-spinal-cord-stimulation-success-our-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Christopher A Fama, Nita Chen, Julia Prusik, Vignessh Kumar, Meghan Wilock, Steven Roth, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative psychological assessment is commonly used to assess patients for spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Though often times mandated by insurance, its value is frequently questioned. METHODS: We review the literature on the predictive value of psychological testing prior to SCS and retrospectively examine our prospective database of SCS patients. We examine associations of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) findings and outcomes on the visual analog scale (VAS), McGill Pain Questionnaire - Short Form (MPQ), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at 6 and 12 months post-implantation...
June 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819741/opioid-analgesics-increase-incidence-of-somnolence-and-dizziness-as-adverse-effects-of-pregabalin-a-retrospective-study
#5
Akihiro Ohishi, Yugo Chisaki, Daiki Hira, Kazuki Nagasawa, Tomohiro Terada
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin, a gabapentinoid, is an adjuvant analgesic for treatment of neuropathic pain, but it has serious adverse effects such as somnolence and dizziness, particularly in elderly patients. Although decreased renal function is considered to the contributing factor for high frequency of these adverse effects in elder patients, only a few systematic clinical investigations, especially for hospitalized patients, have been performed on factors that might affect the incidence of its adverse effects...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26793004/predicting-frequent-asthma-exacerbations-using-blood-eosinophil-count-and-other-patient-data-routinely-available-in-clinical-practice
#6
David Price, Andrew M Wilson, Alison Chisholm, Anna Rigazio, Anne Burden, Michael Thomas, Christine King
PURPOSE: Acute, severe asthma exacerbations can be difficult to predict and thus prevent. Patients who have frequent exacerbations are of particular concern. Practical exacerbation predictors are needed for these patients in the primary-care setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 130,547 asthma patients aged 12-80 years from the UK Optimum Patient Care Research Database and Clinical Practice Research Datalink, 1990-2013, were examined for 1 year before (baseline) and 1 year after (outcome) their most recent blood eosinophil count...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635475/the-impact-of-nonmotor-symptoms-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-taiwan
#7
Weng-Ming Liu, Ru-Jen Lin, Rwei-Ling Yu, Chun-Hwei Tai, Chin-Hsien Lin, Ruey-Meei Wu
PURPOSE: The nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) are important factors for quality of life (QoL). Few studies on NMS have been conducted in Asian PD patients. Additionally, effects of anti-PD drugs on risk of NMS are still controversial. We therefore conducted this hospital-based cross-sectional study to examine the clinical factors, including concomitant anti-PD medication use, on the occurrence of NMS and QoL in Taiwanese PD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PD patients who received long-term follow-up in the movement disorders clinics were enrolled and received NMS questionnaire (NMSQuest) and the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39)...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449852/non-adherence-to-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-is-associated-with-higher-disease-activity-in-early-arthritis-patients-in-the-first-year-of-the-disease
#8
Annelieke Pasma, Charlotte V Schenk, Reinier Timman, Jan J V Busschbach, Bart J F van den Bemt, Esmeralda Molenaar, Willemijn H van der Laan, Saskia Schrauwen, Adriaan Van't Spijker, Johanna M W Hazes
INTRODUCTION: Non-adherence to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) hampers the targets of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment, obtaining low disease activity and decreasing radiological progression. This study investigates if, and to what extent, non-adherence to treatment would lead to a higher 28-joint count disease activity score (DAS28) in the first year after diagnosis. METHODS: Adult patients from an ongoing cohort study on treatment adherence were selected if they fulfilled the EULAR/ACR2010 criteria for RA, and were to start with their first DMARDs...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26233324/imaging-predictors-of-remission-to-anti-depressant-medications-in-major-depressive-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Kee F Chi, Mayuresh Korgaonkar, Stuart M Grieve
BACKGROUND: We review what is currently known about neuroimaging predictors of remission in major depressive disorder (MDD) after antidepressant medication (ADM) treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature search found a total of twenty-seven studies comparing baseline neuroimaging findings in depressed patients who achieved remission with non-remitters following treatment with ADMs. RESULTS: Eighteen of these studies utilised structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084629/telomere-attrition-in-human-lens-epithelial-cells-associated-with-oxidative-stress-provide-a-new-therapeutic-target-for-the-treatment-dissolving-and-prevention-of-cataract-with-n-acetylcarnosine-lubricant-eye-drops-kinetic-pharmacological-and-activity-dependent
#10
REVIEW
Mark A Babizhayev, Yegor E Yegorov
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment broadly impacts the ability of affected people to maintain their function and to remain independent during their daily occupations as they grow older. Visual impairment affects survival of older patients, quality of life, can affect a person's self-ranking of health, may be associated with social and functional decline, use of community support services, depression, falls, nursing home placement, and increased mortality. It has been hypothesized that senile cataract may serve as a marker for generalised tissue aging, since structural changes occurring in the proteins of the lens during cataract formation are similar to those which occur elsewhere as part of the aging process...
2016: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084054/toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-in-renal-patients-rate-pattern-predictors-and-related-morbidity
#11
Hajar Hamza, Hend El-Taweel, Sahar Abou-Holw, Safia Khalil, Eman Wagdy
Infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to their depressed immunity. T. gondii is a ubiquitous parasite that causes severe manifestations in immunocomprmised patients. The present study investigated rate, pattern, predictors and related morbidity of T. gondii seropositivity in CKD patients. The study included four groups: i- patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD; n = 60); ii- patients with systemic lupus erythematosus on immunosuppressive therapy for lupus nephritis (SLE; n = 30) iii-Renal transplant recipients (RTR; n = 30) and iv- healthy controls (HC; n = 30)...
April 2015: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26034358/utility-of-the-low-accelerating-dose-regimen-in-182-liver-recipients-with-recurrent-hepatitis-c-virus
#12
Kieron B L Lim, Hamid R Sima, M Isabel Fiel, Viktoriya Khaitova, John T Doucette, Maria Chernyiak, Jawad Ahmad, Nancy Bach, Charissa Chang, Priya Grewal, Leona Kim-Schluger, Lawrence Liu, Joseph Odin, Ponni Perumalswami, Sander S Florman, Thomas D Schiano
AIM: To describe our experience using a low-accelerating-dose regimen (LADR) with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence. METHODS: From 2003, a protocolized LADR strategy was employed to treat liver transplant (LT) recipients with recurrent HCV at our institution. Medical records of 182 adult patients with recurrent HCV treated with LADR between 1/2003 and 1/2011 were reviewed. Histopathology from all post-LT liver biopsies were reviewed in a blinded fashion...
May 28, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25802399/severe-flare-as-a-predictor-of-poor-outcome-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-cohort-study-using-questionnaire-and-routine-data-linkage
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Roxanne Cooksey, Sinead Brophy, Michael Dennis, Helen Davies, Mark Atkinson, Elizabeth Irvine, Stefan Siebert
OBJECTIVE: To explore severe flare and constant disease pattern (no periods of remission) in AS as predictors of poor outcomes [impaired function, unemployment/early retirement, work impairment, anti-TNF, surgery, frequent general practitioner (GP) visits, depression and anxiety]. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-eight AS patients completed questionnaires about their experience with disease flares. Questionnaire data were linked to electronic medical records to examine visits to GPs and hospital admission data...
September 2015: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25659067/predictors-of-new-onset-distal-neuropathic-pain-in-hiv-infected-individuals-in-the-era-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jemily Malvar, Florin Vaida, Chelsea Fitzsimons Sanders, J Hampton Atkinson, William Bohannon, John Keltner, Jessica Robinson-Papp, David M Simpson, Christina M Marra, David B Clifford, Benjamin Gelman, Juanjuan Fan, Igor Grant, Ronald J Ellis
Despite modern combination antiretroviral therapy, distal neuropathic pain (DNP) continues to affect many individuals with HIV infection. We evaluated risk factors for new-onset DNP in the CNS Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) study, an observational cohort. Standardized, semiannual clinical evaluations were administered at 6 US sites. Distal neuropathic pain was defined by using a clinician-administered instrument standardized across sites. All participants analyzed were free of DNP at study entry...
April 2015: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25490733/adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Linda Beer, Jacek Skarbinski
National estimates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and adherence support services utilization are needed to inform efforts to improve the health of HIV-infected persons in the United States. In a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving medical care, 86% self-reported taking all ART doses in the past 72 hours. Overall, 20% reported using adherence support services and 2% reported an unmet need for services. If all nonadherent persons not receiving adherence support and all persons with a self-perceived unmet need for adherence support accessed services, resources to support ∼42,673 additional persons would be needed...
December 2014: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25263934/covert-dose-reduction-is-a-distinct-type-of-medication-non-adherence-observed-across-all-care-settings-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Réme Mountifield, Jane M Andrews, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Peter Bampton
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence by dose omission is common and deleterious to outcomes in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), but covert dose reduction (CDR) remains unexplored. AIMS: To determine frequency and attitudinal predictors of overall medication non-adherence and of covert dose reduction as separate entities. METHODS: A cross sectional questionnaire was undertaken involving IBD patients in three different geographical regions and care settings...
December 2014: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25234251/psychosocial-and-neurohormonal-predictors-of-hiv-disease-progression-cd4-cells-and-viral-load-a-4-year-prospective-study
#17
G Ironson, C O'Cleirigh, M Kumar, L Kaplan, E Balbin, C B Kelsch, M A Fletcher, N Schneiderman
Most studies of psychosocial predictors of disease progression in HIV have not considered norepinephrine (NE), a neurohormone related to emotion and stress, even though NE has been related to accelerated viral replication in vitro and impaired response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We therefore examined NE, cortisol, depression, hopelessness, coping, and life event stress as predictors of HIV progression in a diverse sample. Participants (n = 177) completed psychological assessment, blood draws [CD4, viral load (VL)], and a 15 h urine sample (NE, cortisol) every 6 months over 4 years...
August 2015: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25080289/factors-associated-with-high-rates-of-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-among-youth-living-with-perinatal-hiv-in-thailand
#18
Ezer Kang, Darcie A P Delzell, Manik Chhabra, Peninnah Oberdorfer
Antiretroviral medication adherence behaviour among Thai youth with perinatal HIV in Thailand has received growing attention. However, few studies have examined individual predictors of antiretroviral adherence using multiple self-reports. A convenience sample of 89 Thai youth (interquartile range 14-16 years) with perinatal HIV at three paediatric programmes in Chiang Mai completed a structured questionnaire and reported their antiretroviral adherence in the past one, seven and 30 days using count-based recall and a visual analog scale...
July 2015: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24930693/patterns-and-predictors-of-antidepressant-use-in-ambulatory-cancer-patients-with-common-solid-tumors
#19
Michael J Fisch, Fengmin Zhao, Judith Manola, Andrew H Miller, William F Pirl, Lynne I Wagner
PURPOSE: Depressive symptoms and antidepressant use are prevalent among cancer patients. We sought to identify determinants of prescribing commonly used antidepressants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multi-institutional study enrolled 3106 ambulatory patients with cancer of the breast, prostate, colon/rectum, or lung. Five case-finding methods were used to identify patients with depressive symptoms. Logistic models were used to examine factors that impact antidepressant use...
May 2015: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24907046/predictors-of-prescribed-medication-use-for-depression-anxiety-stress-and-sleep-problems-in-mid-aged-australian-women
#20
Margot J Schofield, Asaduzzaman Khan
OBJECTIVE: The study examined prevalence of self-reported use of medication recommended or prescribed by a doctor for depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep problems; and modelled baseline factors that predicted use over 3 years for each condition. METHODS: Analyses were undertaken on the 2001 and 2004 surveys of mid-aged women in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Dependent variables were self-reported use in past 4 weeks of medications recommended or prescribed by a doctor for depression, anxiety, stress, or sleep problems in 2001 and 2004...
November 2014: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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