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Healthcare expenditure renal utilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963290/a-preoperative-scale-for-determining-surgical-readmission-risk-after-total-hip-replacement
#1
Brianna L Siracuse, Ronald S Chamberlain
IMPORTANCE: Total hip replacement is a commonly performed orthopedic procedure for the treatment of painful arthritis, osteonecrosis, or fracture. OBJECTIVE: To develop and verify a scale for predicting readmission rates for total hip replacement patients and allow for the development and implementation of readmission risk-reduction strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Discharge data on 268 518 patients from New York and California (derivation cohort) and 153 560 patients from Florida and Washington (validation cohort) were collected from the State Inpatient Database, a part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2006-2011)...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26183305/hospitalization-cost-after-spine-surgery-in-the-united-states-of-america
#2
Symeon Missios, Kimon Bekelis
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a predictive model of hospitalization costs after spine surgery. Several initiatives have been put in place to minimize healthcare expenditures but there are limited data on the magnitude of the contribution of procedure-specific drivers of cost. We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 672,591 patients who underwent spine surgery and were registered in the National Inpatient Sample from 2005-2010. The cohort underwent 1:1 randomization to create derivation and validation subsamples...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25641538/factors-associated-with-variations-in-hospital-expenditures-for-acute-heart-failure-in-the-united-states
#3
Boback Ziaeian, Puza P Sharma, Tzy-Chyi Yu, Katherine Waltman Johnson, Gregg C Fonarow
BACKGROUND: Relatively little contemporary data are available that describe differences in acute heart failure (AHF) hospitalization expenditures as a function of patient and hospital characteristics, especially from a population-based investigation. This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with variations in hospital expenditures for AHF in the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis using discharge data from the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, was conducted...
February 2015: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25487668/healthcare-burden-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-childhood-chronic-renal-diseases
#4
Bryce A Kerlin, William E Smoyer, James Tsai, Sheree L Boulet
BACKGROUND: Chronic renal diseases (CRD) are associated with approximately 5% of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE) cases, but the epidemiology of VTE in CRD is ill-defined. METHODS: Children (<18 years) with CRD were identified from MarketScan® Research databases. The VTE status of subjects with CRD who qualified for this study was ascertained during the 6 months following the initial diagnosis of CRD. Demographics, healthcare utilization, mortality, and co-morbid conditions were assessed...
May 2015: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25116694/costs-associated-with-adverse-events-in-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Rohit Borker
OBJECTIVE: To estimate adverse event (AE) costs in patients receiving targeted therapies for the first line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). METHODS: Retrospective study based on healthcare claims data for patients with mRCC, aged ≥18 years, receiving first-line treatment with targeted therapies. AEs of interest comprised of abdominal pain, back pain, diarrhea, dyspnea, extremity pain, fatigue/asthenia, hand-foot syndrome, hypertension, lymphopenia, nausea/vomiting, neutropenia, proteinuria, and thrombocytopenia...
November 2014: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25017433/peritoneal-dialysis-and-in-centre-haemodialysis-a-cost-utility-analysis-from-a-uk-payer-perspective
#6
Catrin Treharne, Frank Xiaoqing Liu, Murat Arici, Lydia Crowe, Usman Farooqui
BACKGROUND: With limited healthcare resources available, cost-effective provision of dialysis to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is important. OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of varying levels of peritoneal dialysis (PD) use versus current practice among incident ESRD patients requiring dialysis. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of increasing uptake of PD to 39 and 50 % versus current practice of 22 % PD from a UK National Health Service perspective for the year of 2013-2014...
August 2014: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24862103/cerebral-aneurysm-coiling-a-predictive-model-of-hospitalization-cost
#7
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Nicos Labropoulos
BACKGROUND: Several initiatives have been put in place to minimize healthcare expenditures. In new and evolving fields such as endovascular aneurysm treatment, there are limited data to support such measures. The objective of the present study was to develop and validate a predictive model of hospitalization cost after cerebral aneurysm coiling (CACo). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study involving CACo patients who were registered in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2005 to 2010...
July 2015: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24561756/costs-associated-with-multimorbidity-among-va-patients
#8
Jean Yoon, Donna Zulman, Jennifer Y Scott, Matthew L Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity (the presence of multiple chronic conditions) is associated with high levels of healthcare utilization and associated costs. We investigated the association between number of chronic conditions and costs of care for nonelderly and elderly Veterans Affairs (VA) patients, and estimated mean VA healthcare costs for the most prevalent and most costly combinations of 3 conditions (triads). METHODS: We identified a cohort of 5,233,994 patients who received care within the VA system in fiscal year 2010...
March 2014: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23819827/improving-outcomes-of-renal-transplant-recipients-with-behavioral-adherence-contracts-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M A Chisholm-Burns, C A Spivey, J Graff Zivin, J K Lee, E Sredzinski, E A Tolley
The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the effects of a 1-year behavioral contract intervention on immunosuppressant therapy (IST) adherence and healthcare utilizations and costs among adult renal transplant recipients (RTRs). The sample included adult RTRs who were at least 1 year posttransplant, taking tacrolimus or cyclosporine and served by a specialty pharmacy. Pharmacy refill records were used to measure adherence and monthly questionnaires were used to measure healthcare utilizations...
September 2013: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19757867/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-to-illustrate-the-impact-of-cost-definitions-on-results-interpretations-and-comparability-of-pharmacoeconomic-studies-in-the-us
#10
Sandra L Tunis
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of a uniform proxy for defining direct medical costs in the US. This potentially important source of variation in modelling and other types of economic studies is often overlooked. The extent to which increased expenditures for an intervention can be offset by reductions in subsequent service costs can be directly related to the choice of cost definitions. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate how different cost definitions for direct medical costs can impact results and interpretations of a cost-effectiveness analysis...
2009: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19253908/a-comparison-of-mycophenolate-use-in-australia-and-northern-europe-and-the-impact-on-the-pharmaceutical-benefits-scheme
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christine E Staatz, Alesha J Smith, Susan E Tett
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterise utilisation of mycophenolate in Australian transplant recipients from 2001 to 2007; to identify specific patterns of mycophenolate mofetil and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium usage; to examine expenditure on mycophenolate prescription and to compare Australian usage with Danish, Finish and Netherlands populations. METHODS: Data on mycophenolate usage were obtained from Medicare Australia, Finish and Danish Medicines Agency and Netherlands Healthcare Insurance Board databases...
May 2009: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18429658/a-multicentre-prospective-study-to-evaluate-costs-of-septic-patients-in-brazilian-intensive-care-units
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ana M C Sogayar, Flavia R Machado, Alvaro Rea-Neto, Amselmo Dornas, Cintia M C Grion, Suzana M A Lobo, Bernardo R Tura, Carla L O Silva, Ruy G R Cal, Idal Beer, Vilto Michels, Jorge Safi, Marcia Kayath, Eliezer Silva
BACKGROUND: Sepsis has a high prevalence within intensive care units, with elevated rates of morbidity and mortality, and high costs. Data on sepsis costs are scarce in the literature, and in developing countries such as Brazil these data are largely unavailable. OBJECTIVES: To assess the standard direct costs of sepsis management in Brazilian intensive care units (ICUs) and to disclose factors that could affect those costs. METHODS: This multicentre observational cohort study was conducted in adult septic patients admitted to 21 mixed ICUs of private and public hospitals in Brazil from 1 October 2003 to 30 March 2004...
2008: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17230142/hospital-stays-hospital-charges-and-in-hospital-deaths-among-infants-with-selected-birth-defects-united-states-2003
#13
(no author information available yet)
Birth defects (BDs) are conditions that 1) result from a malformation, deformation, or disruption in one or more parts of the body; 2) are present at birth; and 3) have a serious, adverse effect on health, development, or functional ability. BDs are leading causes of pediatric hospitalizations, medical expenditures, and infant mortality. To estimate national hospital charges and rates of in-hospital deaths for a greater number of specific BDs than estimated in previous reports, investigators at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and CDC used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2003 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), developed and distributed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
January 19, 2007: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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