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"Depression Screening"

Sebastian Trautmann, Katja Beesdo-Baum
BACKGROUND: General practitioners play a key role in the care of patients with depressive disorders. We studied the frequency and type of treatment of depressive disorders in primary care. METHODS: In a cross-sectional epidemiological study on a particular day in six different regions in Germany, 253 physicians and 3563 unselected patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire assessing the diagnosis and treatment of depression. A total of 3431 usable patient data sets and 3211 sets of usable data from both the patient and the physician were subjected to further analysis...
October 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Jason A Nieuwsma, John W Williams, Natasha Namdari, Jeffrey B Washam, Giselle Raitz, James A Blumenthal, Wei Jiang, Roshini Yapa, Amanda J McBroom, Kathryn Lallinger, Robyn Schmidt, Andrzej S Kosinski, Gillian D Sanders
Background: Patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event have an increased risk for depression. Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of depression screening instruments and to compare safety and effectiveness of depression treatments in adults within 3 months of an ACS event. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from January 2003 to August 2017, and a manual search of citations from key primary and review articles...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
E Asselmann, J Venz, L Pieper, H-U Wittchen, D Pittrow, K Beesdo-Baum
AIMS: Although associations between various somatic diseases and depression are well established, findings concerning the role of gender and anxiety disorders for these associations remain fragmented and partly inconsistent. Combining data from three large-scaled epidemiological studies in primary care, we aim to investigate interactions of somatic diseases with gender and anxiety disorders in the association with depression. METHODS: Self-reported depression according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) was assessed in n = 83 737 patients from three independent studies [DETECT (Diabetes Cardiovascular Risk Evaluation: Targets and Essential Data for Commitment of Treatment), Depression-2000 and Generalized Anxiety and Depression in Primary Care (GAD-P)] using the Depression Screening Questionnaire (DSQ)...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Jelena Vrublevska, Marcis Trapencieris, Elmars Rancans
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in primary care settings and is often underdiagnosed and undertreated by general practitioners (GPs). To date, no depression screening instruments have been validated for use in primary care settings in Latvia. The aim of this study was to establish the validity and cutoff score of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among primary care patients in Latvia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a one-week period, all consecutive patients aged 18 years or older visiting their GP of health concerns at 6 primary care settings were invited to complete the PHQ-9 questionnaire in their native language (Latvian or Russian)...
November 6, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Sara M Stasik-O'Brien, Jennifer E McCabe-Beane, Lisa S Segre
Despite the prevalence of postpartum depression and anxiety, current screening recommendations are limited to depression symptoms. Screening using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale (EPDS-A) may enhance ability to detect distress in postpartum women. We aimed to replicate the EPDS-A in 200 mothers with infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and examine its incremental utility in identifying emotional distress. Presence of the EPDS-A was identified using exploratory factor analysis...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Sara Farnbach, John Evans, Anne-Marie Eades, Graham Gee, Jamie Fernando, Belinda Hammond, Matty Simms, Karrina DeMasi, Maree Hackett
INTRODUCTION: Process evaluations are conducted alongside research projects to identify the context, impact and consequences of research, determine whether it was conducted per protocol and to understand how, why and for whom an intervention is effective. We present a process evaluation protocol for the Getting it Right research project, which aims to determine validity of a culturally adapted depression screening tool for use by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. In this process evaluation, we aim to: (1) explore the context, impact and consequences of conducting Getting It Right, (2) explore primary healthcare staff and community representatives' experiences with the research project, (3) determine if it was conducted per protocol and (4) explore experiences with the depression screening tool, including perceptions about how it could be implemented into practice (if found to be valid)...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
Susan M Kiene, Meredith Dove, Rhoda K Wanyenze
As efforts to end the HIV epidemic accelerate there is emphasis on reaching those living with undiagnosed HIV infection. Newly diagnosed individuals face a number of psychosocial challenges, yet we know little about depressive symptoms in the weeks immediately following diagnosis and how disclosure, coping, and other factors may affect short and longer-term depressive symptoms. Purposively sampled Ugandan outpatients completed structured interviews immediately prior to testing for HIV, daily for 28 days after receiving their test results, and at 3 and 6 months post-test...
October 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Truc Thanh Thai, Mairwen K Jones, Lynne M Harris, Robert C Heard, Nancy K Hills, Christina P Lindan
This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression among 400 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) from two HIV clinics in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale, 36.5% of participants were classified as likely to be clinically depressed. Factors independently associated with symptoms of depression included self-report of poor or fair health (aOR 2.16, 95% CI 1.33-3.51), having a low body mass index (aOR 1.85, 95% CI 1...
October 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Retha Arjadi, Maaike H Nauta, Dharmayati B Utoyo, Claudi L H Bockting
BACKGROUND: Depression screening and examination in Indonesia are highly challenging due to the disproportionately low number of mental health professionals in comparison to the Indonesian population. Self-report questionnaires on depression are cost-effective and time-efficient. The current study investigates the psychometric properties of the Indonesian Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self Report (IDS-SR). METHODS: The participants were 904 Indonesians (aged 16-61; 50...
2017: PloS One
Carolyn M Audet, Milton L Wainberg, Maria A Oquendo, Qiongru Yu, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Cristiane S Duarte, Samuel Martinho, Ann F Green, Lazaro González-Calvo, Troy D Moon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 350 million people live with depression worldwide. In Mozambique, there are no national data quantifying the burden of mental illnesses. With the sixth highest suicide rate in the world, there is strong evidence of an unmet mental health need. We conducted a survey to measure the prevalence of depression among female heads of household and assess individual, social, and cultural risk factors associated with a positive depression screening. METHODS: This survey was conducted across 14 rural districts in central Mozambique in 2014...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Wan Ching Law, Rachel McClanahan, Penny C Weismuller
Adolescent depression is a silent epidemic in this country. Untreated depression has detrimental effects on physical health, psychosocial well-being, and academic productivity. It is important for school nurses to be able to recognize depression and refer students promptly for treatment. This article and its associated learning module will provide school nurses with updated information on adolescent depression, discuss barriers in depression screening, use of the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionaire-9 Item) as an evidence-based depression screening tool in the educational setting, and the important role of school nurses in depression screening...
November 2017: NASN School Nurse
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Tanya Connell, Bryanne Barnett, Donna Waters
PROBLEM: The evidence of benefit for antenatal psychosocial assessment and depression screening has been sufficient to lead the implementation of screening in public hospitals in all states of Australia. Details of the implementation of perinatal screening in private obstetric settings is less well known. AIM: As any successful implementation relies on the identification of local barriers, we aimed to determine what perceived or actual barriers may exist for the implementation of evidence-based perinatal screening interventions in private obstetric care, and specifically within small private hospitals...
October 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Lori Pbert, Linda Weinreb, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
PURPOSE: This pilot study was designed to inform a larger effectiveness trial by: (1) assessing the feasibility of the PRogram In Support of Moms (PRISM) and our study procedures; and, (2) determining the extent to which PRISM as compared to an active comparison group, the Massachusetts Child Access Psychiatry Program (MCPAP) for Moms alone, improves depression among perinatal women. METHODS: Four practices were randomized to either PRISM or MCPAP for Moms alone, a state-wide telephonic perinatal psychiatry program...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Katie K Wolfe, Sharon M Unti
BACKGROUND: Burnout and depression are common among medical trainees and intensive care unit providers, negatively impacting both providers and patients. We hypothesized that at the end of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) rotation, there would be an increased prevalence of depression and burnout in pediatric residents when compared to the beginning. METHODS: Pediatric residents were assessed prior to and following their PICU rotation using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Screen and a survey assessing positive and negative aspects of the rotation...
October 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Gerta Rücker, Susanne Steinhauser, Martin Schumacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Michelle McKean, Aaron B Caughey, Melanie A Yuracko McKean, Michael D Cabana, Valerie J Flaherman
Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) has an impact on mothers and infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends screening for PPD at well-child visits during the first 6 months. We conducted a secondary data analysis of depression screening data collected each month during months 1 to 12 postpartum for 152 mothers with an infant participating in a randomized controlled trial. We used descriptive statistics to describe the incidence and the cumulative incidence of a positive PPD screen during months 1 to 12 postpartum...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Cheolmin Shin, Yoonjung Kim, Suyeon Park, Seoyoung Yoon, Young Hoon Ko, Yong Ku Kim, Seung Hyun Kim, Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han
Depressive disorder is a common mental illness and remains a major cause of morbidity worldwide. The present study, a cross-sectional, nationwide, population-based survey assessed the prevalence of depression in the general population of Korea through a random sampling of the non-institutionalized population for the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) VI. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 was first introduced into the KNHANES to detect depression. The point prevalence of depression (PHQ score of 10 or higher) was 6...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Kimberly R Leslie, Katherine Chike-Harris
Depression among adolescents is underdiagnosed and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The American Academy of Pediatrics endorses opportunistic depression screening beginning at age 11, implying that screening should be performed at every visit. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine whether a self-administered depression screen would improve the identification of major depressive disorder among adolescents in a pediatric primary care clinic. Introduction of the Patient Health Questionnaire modified for adolescents into a practice with no formal depression screening protocol in place demonstrated an increase in depression diagnosis...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Gurvaneet S Randhawa, David K Ahern, Bradford W Hesse
The existing healthcare delivery systems across the world need to be redesigned to ensure high-quality care is delivered to all patients. This redesign needs to ensure care is knowledge-based, patient-centered and systems-minded. The rapid advances in the capabilities of information and communication technology and its recent rapid adoption in healthcare delivery have ensured this technology will play a vital role in the redesign of the healthcare delivery system. This commentary highlights promising new developments in health information technology (IT) that can support patient engagement and self-management as well as team-based, patient-centered care...
March 2017: Health Policy and Technology
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