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"Depression Screening"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761286/a-qualitative-analysis-of-stress-and-relaxation-themes-contributing-to-burnout-in-first-year-psychiatry-and-medicine-residents
#2
Nicole M Benson, Deanna Chaukos, Heather Vestal, Emma F Chad-Friedman, John W Denninger, Christina P C Borba
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research on trainee well-being can add nuance to the understanding of propagators of burnout, and the role for interventions aimed at supporting well-being. This qualitative study was conducted to identify (i) situations and environments that cause stress for trainees, (ii) stress-reducing activities that trainees utilize, and (iii) whether trainees who report distress (high burnout and depression scores) describe different stressors and relaxation factors than those who do not...
May 14, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757074/differences-in-screening-and-treatment-for-antepartum-versus-postpartum-patients-are-providers-implementing-the-guidelines-of-care-for-perinatal-depression
#3
Gina L Fedock, Carmen Alvarez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend universal depression screening for perinatal patients and provide treatment recommendations to prevent adverse maternal/child health outcomes. However, providers rarely screen all patients, and most women with perinatal depression remain undertreated. This study investigated predictors of universal screening and guideline-congruent care for perinatal depression by obstetrician-gynecologists and examined differences in practices with pregnant and postpartum patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752908/implementation-of-pre-scheduled-follow-ups-with-education-improve-post-stroke-depression-screening-compliance-in-routine-clinical-practice
#4
Anu Berg, Maija Hujala, Pirkko Kari, Tero Tapiola
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which the mood of stroke patients is assessed and what kind of assessment methods are used in routine clinical practice, and whether pre-scheduled follow-ups with education provided to health care professionals can improve the detection of depression. DESIGN: Before-after trial with an 18-month follow-up and a review of medical records. SETTING: Acute-care hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive acute stroke patients from a health care district with a population of 132 000 during the first half of 2010 and, after the implementation of the follow-up system, during the first half of 2012 were screened for the study...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746362/postpartum-depression-screening-and-referral-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Lenore R Jarvis, Kristen A Breslin, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) proportion of screened postpartum depression (PPD)-positive mothers, (2) associated risk factors, and (3) impact of PPD screening in a pediatric emergency department (PED). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a pilot cohort study using a convenience sample of mothers (n = 209, all ages) of infant patients 6 months or younger presenting to a PED. Mothers completed a computerized survey that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743222/missed-opportunities-for-depression-screening-and-treatment-in-the-united-states
#6
Elisabeth Kato, Amanda E Borsky, Samuel H Zuvekas, Anita Soni, Quyen Ngo-Metzger
PURPOSE: This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used a nationally representative survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, to evaluate if adults 35+ were being assessed for depression by their health care providers in 2014 and 2015. Using multivariate logistic regression, we examined the health and sociodemographic characteristics of patients associated with depression assessment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726314/effect-of-depression-on-cognition-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults
#7
Douglas P Terry, Michelle Brassil, Grant L Iverson, William J Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the effect of depression on cognitive test performance in a sample of adults seeking treatment for a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We hypothesized that patients with greater depressive symptoms would perform worse on tasks of fluid cognition compared to those without depression, after controlling for potential confounds. METHOD: Patients (N = 76) completed a brief cognitive test battery (NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery; NIHTB-CB) and a depression screening questionnaire (PHQ-9) at 11...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708224/neurologic-provider-views-on-patient-reported-outcomes-including-depression-screening
#8
Irene L Katzan, Nicolas R Thompson, Cheryl Dunphy, John Urchek, Brittany Lapin
Background: We sought to assess neurologic provider satisfaction with the systematic electronic collection of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for both disease-specific measures and depression screening (Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9]). Methods: A web-based survey was sent to 299 staff physicians and advanced practice providers on the staff email list of a large group neurologic practice, of whom 206 used the PROM system. The survey consisted of 11 questions with Likert response options regarding perceived usefulness of PROM collection; usefulness of PROM data for clinical care, quality, and research activities according to provider age group and type; and perceived usefulness between disease-specific information and the PHQ-9 depression screen...
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702503/postpartum-depression-screening-for-new-mothers-at-well-child-visits
#9
Margaret R Emerson, Therese L Mathews, Leeza Struwe
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a debilitating emotional experience that can affect mothers and their infants. Screening for PPD is encouraged during pediatric well-child visits (WCVs); however, the frequency, referral process, and documentation relative to screening in clinical practice require further study. OBJECTIVES: There were three purposes to this study: 1) determine prevalence of mothers who scored in the at-risk range using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at each of the 2-, 4-, and 6-month WCVs in a pediatric outpatient practice; 2) examine feasibility factors relative to extending the current standard of care for PPD screening; and 3) examine visit documentation for at-risk mothers...
May 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701659/the-effect-of-depressive-symptoms-on-the-association-between-gluten-free-diet-adherence-and-symptoms-in-celiac-disease-analysis-of-a-patient-powered-research-network
#10
Andrew M Joelson, Marilyn G Geller, Haley M Zylberberg, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression in celiac disease (CD) is high, and patients are often burdened socially and financially by a gluten-free diet. However, the relationship between depression, somatic symptoms and dietary adherence in CD is complex and poorly understood. We used a patient powered research network (iCureCeliac® ) to explore the effect that depression has on patients' symptomatic response to a gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: We identified patients with biopsy-diagnosed celiac disease who answered questions pertaining to symptoms (Celiac Symptom Index (CSI)), GFD adherence (Celiac Dietary Adherence Test (CDAT)), and a 5-point, scaled question regarding depressive symptoms relating to patients' celiac disease...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685128/distributional-patterns-of-item-responses-and-total-scores-on-the-phq-9-in-the-general-population-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Shinichiro Tomitaka, Yohei Kawasaki, Kazuki Ide, Maiko Akutagawa, Hiroshi Yamada, Yutaka Ono, Toshiaki A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Recently, item responses and total scores on depression screening scales have been reported to have characteristic distributions in the general population. The distributional pattern of responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in the general population has not been well studied. Thus, we carried out a pattern analysis of the PHQ-9 item responses and total scores in US adults. METHODS: Data (5372 individuals) were drawn from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States...
April 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674312/characterization-of-patient-interest-in-provider-based-consumer-health-information-technology-survey-study
#13
Joseph Featherall, Brittany Lapin, Alexander Chaitoff, Sonia A Havele, Nicolas Thompson, Irene Katzan
BACKGROUND: Consumer health information technology can improve patient engagement in their health care and assist in navigating the complexities of health care delivery. However, the consumer health information technology offerings of health systems are often driven by provider rather than patient perspectives and inadequately address patient needs, thus limiting their adoption by patients. Consideration given to patients as stakeholders in the development of such technologies may improve adoption, efficacy, and consumer health information technology resource allocation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672441/six-month-follow-up-of-the-injured-trauma-survivor-screen-itss-clinical-implications-and-future-directions
#14
Joshua C Hunt, Samantha A Chesney, Karen Brasel, Terri A deRoon-Cassini
BACKGROUND: The Injured Trauma Survivor Screen (ITSS) has been shown to predict PTSD and depression risk at one-month after traumatic injury. This study explored the ability of the ITSS to predict chronic distress after injury, as well as the impact of combining the ITSS with an additional screening measure. METHOD: Patients were enrolled following admission to a Level 1 trauma center. Baseline measurements were collected during initial hospitalization, and follow-up measures were collected an average of 6...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671858/disseminating-the-results-of-a-depression-management-study-in-an-urban-alaska-native-health-care-system
#15
Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Renee F Robinson
Increased attention to diagnostic accuracy in depression screening and management within primary care has demonstrated inadequate care when patients prematurely discontinue recommended treatments such as medication and counseling. Decision-support tools can enhance the medical decision-making process. In 2010, the Southcentral Foundation (SCF) Research Department developed a stakeholder-driven decision support tool to aid in depression management. This paper describes feedback from attendees at SCF's 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) regarding a dissemination product highlighting the aforementioned study...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671167/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#16
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Amy Lamb, James Mirocha, Calvin J Hobel
Prenatal vitamin D deficiency and prenatal depression are both separately associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to our knowledge no studies have investigated the effects of having both risk factors. Our objective was to determine to what extent vitamin D deficiency predicts adverse perinatal outcomes and whether elevated depressive symptoms in pregnancy places women at additional increased risk. This study was a secondary data analysis of prospective data collected from a cohort of pregnant women (N = 101) in an obstetric clinic of a large medical center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#17
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658310/the-impact-of-maternal-depression-on-children-a-call-for-maternal-depression-screening
#18
Taylor M Trussell, Wendy L Ward, Nicola A Conners Edge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619586/social-capital-depressive-symptoms-and-hiv-viral-suppression-among-young-black-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#19
Sophia A Hussen, Kirk A Easley, Justin C Smith, Neeta Shenvi, Gary W Harper, Andres F Camacho-Gonzalez, Rob Stephenson, Carlos Del Rio
Social capital, the sum of an individual's resource-containing social network connections, has been proposed as a facilitator of successful HIV care engagement. We explored relationships between social capital, psychological covariates (depression, stigma and internalized homonegativity), and viral suppression in a sample of young Black gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YB-GBMSM). We recruited 81 HIV-positive YB-GBMSM 18-24 years of age from a clinic setting. Participants completed a cross-sectional survey, and HIV-1 viral load (VL) measurements were extracted from the medical record...
April 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614235/the-evidence-base-for-the-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program-constructs
#20
Sofia Campos, Julie M Kapp, Eduardo J Simoes
OBJECTIVES: The federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program requires grantees to demonstrate program improvement as a condition of funding. The MIECHV program monitors grantee progress in federally mandated conceptual areas (ie, benchmarks) that are further subcategorized into related sub-areas or constructs (eg, breastfeeding). Each construct has an associated performance measure that helps MIECHV collect data on program implementation and performance...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
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