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"Depression Screening"

Arabella L Simpkin, Alisa Khan, Daniel C West, Briana M Garcia, Theodore C Sectish, Nancy D Spector, Christopher P Landrigan
OBJECTIVES: Depression and burnout are highly prevalent among residents, but little is known about modifiable personality variables-such as resilience and stress from uncertainty-that may predispose to these conditions. Residents are routinely faced with uncertainty when making medical decisions. We sought to determine how stress from uncertainty is related to resilience among pediatric residents and whether these attributes are associated with depression and burnout. METHODS: We surveyed 86 residents in pediatric residency programs from four urban freestanding children's hospitals in North America in 2015...
March 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Ruiwei Meng, Na Liu, Canqing Yu, Xiongfei Pan, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively evaluate the association between major depressive episode (MDE) and risk of type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population. METHODS: We used data from the China Kadoorie Biobank study, in which 461,213 participants free of diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancer were followed from baseline (2004-2008) to December 31, 2013. A modified Chinese version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short-Form (CIDI-SF) was used to assess past year MDE...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Junmin Wei, Linlin Fan, Yuhui Zhang, Shirley Li, Jamie Partridge, Ling Claytor, Suela Sulo
Malnutrition and depression are of important concern among older adults. We investigated the association between malnutrition and depression among community-dwelling older Chinese adults and how both affect health care costs. Data from 4916 older adults (age ≥60 years) collected as part of 2013-Wave II China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) survey were analyzed. Measures of body mass index and weight loss were used as indicators of malnutrition. Malnourished subjects were 31% more likely to be depressed than their non-malnourished counterparts (odds ratio = 1...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Alana Goldstein-Leever, Lindsey L Cohen, Carlton Dampier, Soumitri Sil
BACKGROUND: Youth with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for recurrent pain and depressive symptoms, both of which contribute to poorer health outcomes. Furthermore, youth and family coping with child pain, including pain catastrophizing, is known to be associated with poorer psychosocial adjustment and greater functional disability among youth with SCD. In particular, child catastrophizing about pain and parent catastrophizing about their child's pain have been linked to increased pain and depressive symptoms in youth with chronic pain conditions...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
R Ivanovs, A Kivite, D Ziedonis, I Mintale, J Vrublevska, E Rancans
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Globally, there is a growing interest in understanding and addressing modifiable psychosocial risk factors, particularly depression and anxiety, to prevent CVDs and to reduce morbidity and mortality. Despite the high premature mortality rate from CVDs in Latvia, this is the first Latvian study to examine the association of depression and anxiety with CVD morbidity in a primary care population...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Martha L Bruce, Jo Anne Sirey
For decades, depression in older adults was overlooked and not treated. Most treatment was by primary care providers and typically poorly managed. Recent interventions that integrate mental health services into primary care have increased the number of patients who are treated for depression and the quality of that treatment. The most effective models involve systematic depression screening and monitoring, multidisciplinary teams that include primary care providers and mental health specialists, a depression care manager to work directly with patients over time and the use of guideline-based depression treatment...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Evan Williams, Sarah L Martin, Alla Fabrikant, Amy Wang, Meghan Pojasek
PURPOSE: Results of a survey-based study assessing rates of depression and depressive symptoms among pharmacy residents are reported. METHODS: In a time-series study conducted during the 2015-16 residency year, pharmacy residents nationwide were invited to participate in a series of online surveys (administered in September and December 2015 and March 2016). Survey participants reported demographic data and provided information on residency characteristics and perceived family and program support; the survey incorporated the 9-item depression screening component of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Andrew Davenport, Ayman Guirguis, Michael Almond, Clara Day, Joseph Chilcot, Maria Da Silva Gane, Naomi Fineberg, Karin Friedl, Benjamin Spencer, David Wellsted, Ken Farrington
INTRODUCTION: Most patients take time to recover after a hemodialysis (HD) session. It has been suggested that recovery time is associated with intradialytic hypotension and rapid solute clearances. Other studies have reported a linkage to depression. We investigated the association between recovery time and intradialytic hypotension and depression. METHODS: In five UK HD units, we screened for depressive symptoms using the Beck depression inventory-II, Patient Health Questionnaire, and recorded sessional blood pressures and Kt/Vurea...
February 20, 2018: Hemodialysis International
Raquel B De Boni, Iona K Machado, Mauricio T L De Vasconcellos, Brenda Hoagland, Esper G Kallas, José Valdez Madruga, Nilo M Fernandes, Natalia B Cerqueira, Ronaldo I Moreira, Silvia P Goulart, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula M Luz
BACKGROUND: Concurrent psychosocial problems may synergistically increase the risk of HIV infection (syndemics), representing a challenge for prevention. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of syndemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) enrolled in the Brazilian pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration study (PrEP Brasil Study). METHODS: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of the PrEP Brasil Study was performed...
February 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Sudarshan Srivatsan, Vinay Guduguntla, Kelly Z Young, Aliasghar Arastu, Cameron R Strong, Ruth Cassidy, Amir A Ghaferi
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery patients with mental illness may experience worse surgical outcomes compared to those without. Depression is the most prevalent mental health diagnosis amongst Americans with obesity. Accurate diagnosis and treatment is of paramount importance to mitigate perioperative risk. Unfortunately, there is no standard method to screen patients for depression prior to surgery. Our goal was to understand the relationship between traditional clinical screening tools and a novel patient-reported depression screening survey, Patient Health Questionnaire 8 (PHQ-8), in the setting of the bariatric surgery preoperative assessment...
February 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Louise Michele Howard, Elizabeth G Ryan, Kylee Trevillion, Fraser Anderson, Debra Bick, Amanda Bye, Sarah Byford, Sheila O'Connor, Polly Sands, Jill Demilew, Jeannette Milgrom, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the prevalence and identification of antenatal mental disorders. Aims To investigate the prevalence of mental disorders in early pregnancy and the diagnostic accuracy of depression-screening (Whooley) questions compared with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), against the Structured Clinical Interview DSM-IV-TR. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey of women responding to Whooley questions asked at their first antenatal appointment...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Christina Terrazas, Lisa S Segre, Cheryl Wolfe
In 2015, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued a recommendation to screen women for depression and anxiety symptoms at least once during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, many identified women will not receive care from a behavioral health specialist. Listening Visits (LV), developed for delivery by nurses and validated in the United Kingdom, have recently been evaluated in a US-based randomized controlled trial (RCT) which recruited research participants from three home-visiting programs and an urban OB/GYN practice...
February 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Steve Kyende Mutiso, Alfred Murage, Abraham Mwaniki Mukaindo
BACKGROUND: Miscarriages are a common pregnancy complication affecting about 10-15% of pregnancies. Miscarriages may be associated with a myriad of psychiatric morbidity at various timelines after the event. Depression has been shown to affect about 10-20% of all women following a miscarriage. However, no data exists in the local setting informing on the prevalence of post-miscarriage depression. We set out to determine the prevalence of positive depression screen among women who have experienced a miscarriage at the Aga Khan University hospital, Nairobi...
February 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Brenna N Renn, Vanessa Obetz, Leilani Feliciano
Depression is frequently comorbid with diabetes; however, less is known about this comorbidity in socially disadvantaged populations. This cross-sectional study examined depressive symptomatology among 424 patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes mellitus at a federally qualified health center. Prevalence of clinically significant depressive symptoms was assessed using the World Health Organization Five-Item Well-Being Index. The majority (67.7%) endorsed depressive symptoms, with greater prevalence among middle-aged adults (45-64 years) than younger or older counterparts...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Nneamaka Ukatu, Camille A Clare, Mary Brulja
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the accuracy of screening tools in detecting postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Clinical Key, and Google Scholar from the years 2001-2016 with a modified PRISMA method. The keywords, "postnatal depression screening," "antenatal depression screening," and "maternal depression" were used in the search. Sixty-eight articles were reviewed, and 36 further analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Psychosomatics
Harish Kalra, Nicole Reilly, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: There is limited information relating to routine depression screening and psychosocial assessment programs in private maternity settings in Australia. AIMS: To describe the psychosocial profile of a sample of private maternity patients who participated in a depression screening and psychosocial risk assessment program as part of routine antenatal care, and to explore women's experience of receiving this component of pregnancy care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical records audit of 455 consecutive women having a routine psychosocial assessment and referral...
January 30, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Ying Zhao, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Xinli Zhu
BACKGROUND: Information is needed on the prevalence of depression in Chinese women with medically defined complications across the perinatal period, as well as key risk factors to develop appropriate perinatal mental health services and ensure the services target those most in need. AIM: The goal of this study was to examine whether women's perinatal depression scores change across the perinatal period and evaluate risk factors associated with postnatal depression at 6-weeks after delivery...
January 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Joseph R Cohen, Felix K So, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami F Young
Traditionally, screening research tests how well a given symptom inventory can identify a concurrent depressive episode. Although developmental psychopathology could inform screening protocols for a myriad of depression outcomes (e.g., prospective depressive episodes), approaches typically used in research make it difficult to translate these findings. Using a translational analytic approach and multiwave longitudinal study design, we examined how screening for cognitive vulnerabilities (rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and attributional style) may improve our ability to identify concurrent depressive episodes, prospective depressive episodes, first lifetime episodes of depression, and recurrent major depressive episodes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Evan Atlantis, Shima Ghassem Pour, Federico Girosi
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether screening for anxiety and depression, an emerging risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), adds clinically meaningful information beyond current T2D risk assessment tools. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The 45 and Up Study is a large-scale prospective cohort of men and women aged 45 years and over, randomly sampled from the general population of New South Wales, Australia. 51 588 participants without self-reported diabetes at baseline (2006-2009) were followed up for approximately 3 years (2010)...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Craig P Hensley, Alicia J Emerson
Background and Purpose: Chest pain, a frequent complaint for seeking medical care, is often attributed to musculoskeletal pathology. Costochondritis is a common disorder presenting as chest pain. Initial physical therapist examination emphasizes red flag screening. Reexamination throughout the episode of care is critical, particularly when patients are not progressing and/or in the presence of complex pain presentations. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical reasoning process in the management of a patient referred to physical therapy with a medical diagnosis of costochondritis...
January 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
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