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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232170/correlates-of-never-testing-for-hiv-among-sexually-active-internet-recruited-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#1
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Kristi E Gamarel, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite great strides in HIV prevention, including biobehavioral HIV prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, there has been relatively low uptake of these strategies. The success of biobehavioral prevention strategies requires HIV testing but a subset of GBMSM have never been tested. To optimize prevention efforts, we sought to understand the characteristics of GBMSM who report never testing for HIV...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229455/evaluation-of-3-different-retreatment-techniques-in-maxillary-molar-teeth-by-using-micro-computed-tomography
#2
Funda Yılmaz, Cemre Koç, Kıvanç Kamburoğlu, Mert Ocak, Ferhat Geneci, M Bora Uzuner, Hakan Hamdi Çelik
INTRODUCTION: Nonsurgical retreatment procedure involves the complete removal of the previous filling material to allow thorough instrumentation, disinfection, and refilling of root canal system. We aimed to determine the residuals of the root-filling material by using 3 different retreatment techniques with the aid of micro-computed tomography. METHODS: Thirty extracted human maxillary molar teeth were included. All root canals were also obturated with F2 ProTaper single cones and AH Plus sealer...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228854/the-design-and-development-of-myt1dhero-a-mobile-app-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#3
Bree E Holtz, Katharine M Murray, Denise D Hershey, Joshua Richman, Julie K Dunneback, Arpita Vyas, Michael A Wood
Introduction Type 1 diabetes impacts approximately 1.25 m Americans, many of them young children. As a child grows, there is a transition towards independence and they must learn to manage their diabetes independently. The objective of this study was to design, develop and conduct a prototype test to assess the satisfaction and feasibility of a mobile app for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their parents to aid in this transition. Methods Ten parent/adolescent groups used MyT1DHero for four weeks. They were given a pre-test/post-test survey regarding family conflict with three tasks of diabetes management and the general tone of family communication...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226632/novel-bovine-associated-pvapn-plasmid-type-in-rhodococcus-equi-identified-from-lymph-nodes-of-slaughtered-cattle-and-lungs-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#4
M G Ribeiro, G H B Lara, P da Silva, M M J Franco, A L de Mattos-Guaraldi, A P C de Vargas, R I Sakate, F R Pavan, B S Colhado, F V R Portilho, R G Motta, T Kakuda, S Takai
Rhodococcus equi is a well-recognized Gram-positive intracellular facultative bacterium that is opportunistic in nature, which causes pyogranulomatous infections in humans and multiple host animals. The pathogenicity of the microorganism has been attributed to the presence of plasmid-encoded virulence-associated proteins (Vap). To date, three host-associated virulence plasmid types of R. equi have been identified as follows: the circular pVAPA and pVAPB, related, respectively, to equine and porcine isolates, and a recently described linear pVAPN plasmid associated with bovine strains, although these three types are found in human isolates...
December 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225083/computer-aided-diagnosis-for-identifying-and-delineating-early-gastric-cancers-in-magnifying-narrow-band-images
#5
Takashi Kanesaka, Tsung-Chun Lee, Noriya Uedo, Kun-Pei Lin, Huai-Zhe Chen, Ji-Yuh Lee, Hsiu-Po Wang, Hsuan-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is important in the diagnosis of early gastric cancers (EGCs), but requires expertise to master. We developed a computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) system to assist endoscopists in identifying and delineating EGCs. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and randomly selected 66 EGC M-NBI images and 60 non-cancer M-NBI images into a training set, and 61 EGC M-NBI images and 20 non-cancer M-NBI images into a test set...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#6
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222650/taxane-platinum-and-5-fu-prior-to-chemoradiotherapy-benefits-patients-with-stage-iv-neck-node-positive-head-and-neck-cancer-and-a-good-performance-status
#7
Natalie M Lowe, Jonathan M Bernstein, Kathleen Mais, Kate Garcez, Lip W Lee, Andrew Sykes, David J Thomson, Jarrod J Homer, Catharine M West, Nicholas J Slevin
PURPOSE: The benefit of adding docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) induction chemotherapy to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains uncertain. We aimed to investigate whether ICT is well tolerated when given with prophylactic treatment against predicted adverse effects and which patients benefit most. METHODS: A single-centre audit identified 132 HNSCC patients with stage IVa/b neck node-positive disease, prescribed TPF followed by CRT...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222422/reconfigurable-yagi-uda-antenna-based-on-a-silicon-reflector-with-a-solid-state-plasma
#8
Da-Jin Kim, Jang-Soon Park, Cheol Ho Kim, Jae Hur, Choong-Ki Kim, Young-Kyun Cho, Jun-Bong Ko, Bonghyuk Park, Dongho Kim, Yang-Kyu Choi
This paper describes the fabrication and characterization of a reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna based on a silicon reflector with a solid-state plasma. The silicon reflector, composed of serially connected p-i-n diodes, forms a highly dense solid-state plasma by injecting electrons and holes into the intrinsic region. When this plasma silicon reflector is turned on, the front-realized gain of the antenna increases by more than 2 dBi beyond 5.3 GHz. To achieve the large gain increment, the structure of the antenna is carefully designed with the aid of semiconductor device simulation and antenna simulation...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220079/hepatitis-c-virus-genotyping-of-organ-donor-samples-to-aid-in-transplantation-of-hcv-positive-organs
#9
Caren Gentile, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, David S Goldberg, Peter P Reese, Richard D Hasz, Peter Abt, Emily Blumberg, Midhat S Farooqi
Given the availability of new highly efficacious anti-HCV therapies, some clinicians have advocated for wider use of kidneys from hepatitis C virus-positive (HCV+) donors, including transplanting them into HCV-negative recipients. Since treatment regimens for HCV are commonly guided by genotype, pre-transplant HCV genotyping of tissue donors would be beneficial. To our knowledge, donor HCV genotyping has never been reported. We retrieved archived frozen plasma samples for 17 previous organ donors through a local organ procurement organization...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218817/impact-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-on-healthcare-utilization-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-chest-pain-choice-multicenter-randomized-trial
#10
Jason T Schaffer, Erik P Hess, Judd E Hollander, Jeffrey A Kline, Carlos A Torres, Deborah B Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P Owen, Zachary F Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Victor M Montori, Nilay D Shah
BACKGROUND: Patients at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are frequently admitted for observation and cardiac testing, resulting in substantial burden and cost to the patient and the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to measure the effect of the Chest Pain Choice decision aid (CPC) on overall healthcare utilization as well as utilization of specific services both during the index emergency department visit and in the subsequent 45 days...
December 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218777/decision-making-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-influential-factors-vary-among-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Ginny L Schulz, Katherine P Kelly, Megan Holtmann, Michelle M Doering, Jane M Armer
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is not a trivial treatment decision in pediatrics. We sought to understand what influences this decision-making process from the perspectives of the pediatric patients, their family, and physicians. Using integrative review methods, we identified 19 relevant studies: six qualitative, ten quantitative, and three mixed methods. Synthesis of the results revealed six themes describing patient, family, and provider decision-making processes with distinct subthemes contrasting influential factors among malignant and nonmalignant diseases...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216569/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-warm-handoff-versus-fax-referral-for-hospital-initiated-smoking-cessation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#12
Laura M Mussulman, Babalola Faseru, Sharon Fitzgerald, Niaman Nazir, Vivek Patel, Kimber P Richter
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of smoking among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) remains higher than the general population. Life expectancy among PLWHA has increased over the past decade, however, PLWHA who smoke will die younger than their non-smoking peers. The primary aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of warm handoff versus fax referral to the quitline for smoking cessation among hospitalized smokers living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: 25 smokers with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS hospitalized at a Midwestern academic medical center in 2012-2013 (19 male; mean age=47...
November 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212942/factors-leading-to-the-loss-of-natural-elite-control-of-hiv-1-infection
#13
María Pernas, Laura Tarancón-Diez, Esther Rodríguez-Gallego, Josep Gómez, Julia G Prado, Concepción Casado, Beatriz Dominguez-Molina, Isabel Olivares, Maite Coiras, Agathe León, Carmen Rodriguez, Jose Miguel Benito, Norma Rallón, Montserrat Plana, Onofre Martinez-Madrid, Marta Dapena, Jose Antonio Iribarren, Jorge Del Romero, Felipe García, José Alcamí, M Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Francisco Vidal, Manuel Leal, Cecilio Lopez-Galindez, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos
HIV-1 elite controllers (EC) maintain undetectable viral load (VL) in the absence of antiretroviral treatment. However, these subjects have heterogeneous clinical outcomes including a proportion loosing HIV-1 control over time. In this work we compared, in a longitudinal design, transient EC, analyzed before and after the loss of virological control, versus persistent EC. The aim was to identify factors leading to the loss of natural virological control of HIV-1-infection with a longitudinal retrospective study design...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210957/the-physiological-and-performance-effects-of-caffeine-gum-consumed-during-a-simulated-half-time-by-professional-academy-rugby-union-players
#14
Russell M, Reynolds N A, Crewther B T, Cook C J, Kilduff L
Despite the prevalence of caffeine as an ergogenic aid, few studies have examined the use of caffeinated gums, especially during half-time in team sports. The physiological (blood lactate, salivary hormone concentrations) and performance (repeated sprints, cognitive function) effects of consuming caffeine gum during a simulated half-time were examined. Professional academy rugby union players (n=14) completed this double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced study. Following pre-exercise measurements , players chewed a placebo (PL) gum for five min before a standardized warm-up and completing repeated sprint testing (RSSA1)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210098/regional-gastrointestinal-contractility-parameters-using-the-wireless-motility-capsule-inter-observer-reproducibility-and-influence-of-age-gender-and-study-country
#15
A D Farmer, A-M L Wegeberg, B Brock, A R Hobson, S D Mohammed, S M Scott, C E Bruckner-Holt, J R Semler, W L Hasler, P M Hellström, A M Drewes, C Brock
BACKGROUND: The wireless motility capsule concurrently measures temperature, pH and pressure as it traverses the gastrointestinal tract. AIMS: To describe normative values for motility/contractility parameters across age, gender and testing centres. METHODS: Healthy participants underwent a standardised wireless motility capsule assessment following an overnight fast and consumption of a meal of known nutritional content. Traces were divided into regions of interest and analysed using 2 software packages (MotiliGI and GIMS Data Viewer)...
December 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209897/adaptation-of-couples-living-with-a-high-risk-of-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-the-association-with-risk-reducing-surgery
#16
Rachel Shapira, Erin Turbitt, Lori H Erby, Barbara B Biesecker, William M P Klein, Gillian W Hooker
Women who carry BRCA1/2 mutations have a significantly elevated risk for breast and ovarian cancer. The positive test result and subsequent decisions about risk reducing behaviors can evoke distress, anxiety and worry. Psychological adaptation, or the process of coming to terms with the implications of a health threat, is an understudied construct in BRCA1/2 carriers. Little is known about adaptation and how it relates to other aspects of living at high risk for cancer. Even less is understood about adaptation among partners of BRCA1/2 carriers, and its relationship to adaptation in high risk individuals...
December 5, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209685/-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-towards-oral-health-gender-differences-between-parents
#17
F Guerra, F Rinaldo, A Mannocci, M Mazur, D Corridore, G Di Giorgio, A Polimeni, L Ottolenghi, G M Nardi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the results of a survey carried out on a sample of mothers and fathers about the knowledge and personal attitudes towards their own oral health and in terms of attention to that of their children. Mutual analogy and cognitive and behavioral differences between parents have been evaluated; in particular as the early assumption of a healthy lifestyle can influence the proper development of their children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted using a paper questionnaire distributed to a population of parents, men and women, in several private dental practices in Rome...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209513/can-we-predict-necrosis-intra-operatively-real-time-optical-quantitative-perfusion-imaging-in-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-in-vivo-pilot-study
#18
Sanne M Jansen, Daniel M de Bruin, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Simon D Strackee, Denise P Veelo, Ton G van Leeuwen, Suzanne S Gisbertz
Background: Compromised perfusion as a result of surgical intervention causes a reduction of oxygen and nutrients in tissue and therefore decreased tissue vitality. Quantitative imaging of tissue perfusion during reconstructive surgery, therefore, may reduce the incidence of complications. Non-invasive optical techniques allow real-time tissue imaging, with high resolution and high contrast. The objectives of this study are, first, to assess the feasibility and accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT), sidestream darkfield microscopy (SDF), laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI), and fluorescence imaging (FI) for quantitative perfusion imaging and, second, to identify/search for criteria that enable risk prediction of necrosis during gastric tube and free flap reconstruction...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208368/the-end-of-life-costs-for-medicare-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#19
Renata R Urban, Hao He, Raphael Alfonso, Melissa M Hardesty, Barbara A Goff
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Medicare payments at the end of life for patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and assess factors responsible for payment variation METHODS: Using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database, we identified a cohort of women with stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 1995 and 2007. We defined the end of life as the last 90days prior to death. Total medical costs were estimated from overall Medicare payments, and adjusted for geography and for inflation to the 2009 U...
December 3, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207955/classification-schemes-for-knowledge-translation-interventions-a-practical-resource-for-researchers
#20
Susan E Slaughter, Gabrielle L Zimmermann, Megan Nuspl, Heather M Hanson, Lauren Albrecht, Rosmin Esmail, Khara Sauro, Amanda S Newton, Maoliosa Donald, Michele P Dyson, Denise Thomson, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: As implementation science advances, the number of interventions to promote the translation of evidence into healthcare, health systems, or health policy is growing. Accordingly, classification schemes for these knowledge translation (KT) interventions have emerged. A recent scoping review identified 51 classification schemes of KT interventions to integrate evidence into healthcare practice; however, the review did not evaluate the quality of the classification schemes or provide detailed information to assist researchers in selecting a scheme for their context and purpose...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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