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Postoperative CT neurosurgery

Hakija Bečulić, Rasim Skomorac, Aldin Jusić, Fahrudin Alić, Melica Imamović, Alma Mekić-Abazović, Alma Efendić, Harun Brkić, Amir Denjalić
Aim To analyze the relationship between timing of surgery and outcome in patients with cauda equina syndrome caused by lumbar disc herniation. Methods A retrospective, non-randomized clinical study included 25 consecutive patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) caused by lumbar disc herniation. All patients were operated within 24 hours after hospitalization at the Department of Neurosurgery, Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients were evaluated before surgery on the basis of complete history, neurological examination and neuroimaging evaluations using CT (computed tomography)and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
Tao Zhang, Jianping Deng, Hu Chen, Yufeng Liu, Fangfang Wang, Shuai Li, Fude Liu, Zhenwei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of cranial-cervical aneurysms with stent-graft. METHODS: Clinical data of 20 patients with cranial-cervical aneurysm treated with stent-graft in Department of Neurosurgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University from November 2006 to November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of 40 years (ranging from 22 to 67 years). There were 10 spontaneous cases, 5 trauma history cases and 5 surgery history cases...
May 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Ahsan Aurangzeb, Ehtisham Ahmed, Saadia Maqbool, Adil Ihsan, Asghar Ali, Sajid Nazir Bhatti, Nazir Alvi, Sajid Hussain
AIM: To observe the outcome of burr hole evacuation of extradural hematoma (EDH) in mass head injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included patients of any age who sustained head injury in the earthquake of October 8, 2005, were diagnosed as EDH on computed tomography (CT) scan and were admitted in the neurosurgery ward over a period of 3 days. All patients were followed by serial CT scans and neurological assessments. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients were included in this study...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Fedor Panov, Emily Levin, Coralie de Hemptinne, Nicole C Swann, Salman Qasim, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Jill L Ostrem, Philip A Starr
OBJECTIVE Contemporary theories of the pathophysiology of movement disorders emphasize abnormal oscillatory activity in basal ganglia-thalamocortical loops, but these have been studied in humans mainly using depth recordings. Recording from the surface of the cortex using electrocorticography (ECoG) provides a much higher amplitude signal than depth recordings, is less susceptible to deep brain stimulation (DBS) artifacts, and yields a surrogate measure of population spiking via "broadband gamma" (50-200 Hz) activity...
February 26, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Steroids are often used in patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery to limit postoperative dysphagia. However, a major concern remains steroids' impact is on fusion. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded controlled study, the authors assessed the impact of steroids on swallowing/airway and fusion rates in 112 patients undergoing multilevel ACDF. The patients were randomly assigned to saline or dexamethasone groups prior to surgery; multiple other variables including different outcome analyses were also utilized over a 2-year postoperative period...
2015: Surgical Neurology International
Wan Wang, Jia Lin, Engelbert Knosp, Yuanzheng Zhao, Dianhui Xiu, Yongchuan Guo
Cervical dumbbell tumor poses great difficulties for neurosurgical treatment and incurs remarkable local recurrence rate as the formidable problem for neurosurgery. However, as the routine preoperative evaluation scheme, MRI and CT failed to reveal the mutual three-dimensional relationships between tumor and adjacent structures. Here, we report the clinical application of MSCTA and VRT in three-dimensional reconstruction of cervical dumbbell tumors. From January 2012 to July 2014, 24 patients diagnosed with cervical dumbbell tumor were retrospectively analyzed...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
A Kabré, D S Zabsonre, A Sanou, Y Bako
INTRODUCTION: Cephaloceles are congenital malformations characterized by externalization of the meninges and/or brain tissue through a congenital skull bone defect. In developed countries, this malformation is rare but in our developing countries, this pathology remains one of our concerns. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of the cephaloceles. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted from 2007 to 2013 on all cases of cephalocele supported in the department of neurosurgery of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Teaching Hospital of Ouagadougou...
August 2015: Neuro-Chirurgie
Pierpaolo Petrone, Massimo Niola, Pierpaolo Di Lorenzo, Mariano Paternoster, Vincenzo Graziano, Giuseppe Quaremba, Claudio Buccelli
Here we describe the findings of a unique example of the early techniques adopted in neurosurgery around 5000 years ago, consisting in a double well healed skull trephination associated with a post-cranial traumatic event occurring intra vitam to a young male from the Early Chalcolithic cemetery of Pontecagnano (South Italy, ca. 4,900 - 4,500 cal BP). Morphological, X-ray and 3D-CT scan skull-cap evaluation revealed that the main orifice was produced by scraping, obtained by clockwise rotary motion of a right-handed surgeon facing the patient, while the partial trephination was carried out by using a stone point as a drilling tool...
2015: PloS One
Jobst Frisius, Marcel Ebeling, Matthias Karst, Rudolf Fahlbusch, Ingolf Schedel, Venelin Gerganov, Amir Samii, Wolf Lüdemann
OBJECT: To evaluate the introduction of intraoperative and postoperative pneumatic compression additionally to the use of compression stockings, low molecular weight heparin-LMWH and early mobilization, a retrospective study in cranial neurosurgery using intraoperative MRI was performed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 207 neurosurgical patients using intraoperative MRI was performed. A group of 86 patients was treated with the additional use of intraoperative and postoperative pneumatic compression until mobilization out of bed...
June 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
D Sylvain Zabsonre, Abel Kabre, Yacouba Haro
INTRODUCTION: Frontoethmoidal or sincipital cephaloceles are congenital malformations characterized by externalization of the meninges and/or brain tissue through a congenital bone defect between the frontal and ethmoid bones. These sincipital cephaloceles are very infrequent. While in developed countries the measures taken have brought about virtually zero frequency of this pathology, in our work environment these measures are virtually nonexistent, so that frontoethmoidal cephaloceles remain one of our concerns...
2015: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Lennart Henning Stieglitz, Christian Fung, Michael Murek, Jens Fichtner, Andreas Raabe, Jürgen Beck
BACKGROUND: Reimplantation of cryoconserved autologous bone flaps is a standard procedure after decompressive craniotomies. Aseptic necrosis and resorption are the most frequent complications of this procedure. At present there is no consensus regarding the definition of the relevant extent and indication for surgical revision. The objective of this retrospective analysis was to identify the incidence of bone flap resorption and the optimal duration of follow-up. METHODS: Between February 2009 and March 2012, 100 cryoconserved autologous bone flaps were reimplanted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Inselspital Bern...
February 2015: Acta Neurochirurgica
Jason G Mandell, Kenneth L Hill, Dan T D Nguyen, Kevin W Moser, Robert E Harbaugh, James McInerney, Brian Kaaya Nsubuga, John K Mugamba, Derek Johnson, Benjamin C Warf, Warren Boling, Andrew G Webb, Steven J Schiff
OBJECT: The incidence of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) can be high in developing countries. Current diagnosis of MTS relies on structural MRI, which is generally unavailable in developing world settings. Given widespread effects on temporal lobe structure beyond hippocampal atrophy in TLE, the authors propose that CT volumetric analysis can be used in patient selection to help predict outcomes following resection. METHODS: Ten pediatric patients received preoperative CT scans and temporal resections at the CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda...
February 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Michel Lefranc, Cyrille Capel, Anne-Sophie Pruvot-Occean, Anthony Fichten, Christine Desenclos, Patrick Toussaint, Daniel Le Gars, Johann Peltier
OBJECT: Stereotactic biopsy procedures are an everyday part of neurosurgery. The procedure provides an accurate histological diagnosis with the least possible morbidity. Robotic stereotactic biopsy needs to be an accurate, safe, frameless, and rapid technique. This article reports the clinical results of a series of 100 frameless robotic biopsies using a Medtech ROSA device. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed their first 100 frameless stereotactic biopsies performed with the robotic ROSA device: 84 biopsies were performed by frameless robotic surface registration, 7 were performed by robotic bone fiducial marker registration, and 9 were performed by scalp fiducial marker registration...
February 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ricardo B V Fontes, Adam P Smith, Lorenzo F Muñoz, Richard W Byrne, Vincent C Traynelis
OBJECT: Early postoperative head CT scanning is routinely performed following intracranial procedures for detection of complications, but its real value remains uncertain: so-called abnormal results are frequently found, but active, emergency intervention based on these findings may be rare. The authors' objective was to analyze whether early postoperative CT scans led to emergency surgical interventions and if the results of neurological examination predicted this occurrence. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 892 intracranial procedures followed by an early postoperative CT scan performed over a 1-year period at Rush University Medical Center and classified these cases according to postoperative neurological status: baseline, predicted neurological change, unexpected neurological change, and sedated or comatose...
August 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery
Dianna H Ovbey, Deborah V Wilson, Richard M Bednarski, Joe G Hauptman, Bryden J Stanley, Maryann G Radlinsky, M Paula Larenza, Bruno H Pypendop, Marlis L Rezende
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of canine post-anesthetic aspiration pneumonia (AP) and to identify anesthetic agents, procedures and management factors associated with the development of AP. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, case-controlled retrospective study. ANIMALS: Two hundred and forty dogs affected with AP and 488 unaffected control dogs. METHODS: Electronic medical record databases at six Veterinary colleges were searched for dogs, coded for anesthesia or sedation and pneumonia from January 1999 to December 2009...
March 2014: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Alessandro Della Puppa, Oriela Rustemi, Giorgio Gioffrè, Irene Troncon, Giuseppe Lombardi, Giuseppe Rolma, Massimo Sergi, Marina Munari, Diego Cecchin, Marina Paola Gardiman, Renato Scienza
OBJECT: Bone invasion is a major concern in meningioma surgery, since it is predictive of the recurrence of cranial involvement, morbidity, and mortality. Bone invasion has been reported in 20%-68% of studies with histopathologically confirmed data. Unfortunately, radical resection of bone invasion remains challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the role of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence in guiding the resection of bone-invading meningiomas. To this purpose, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 5-ALA in detecting meningioma bone invasion were evaluated...
April 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery
T Hilbert, O Boehm, R Pflugmacher, D C Wirtz, G Baumgarten, P Knuefermann
Surgical treatment of the lumbar spine is a standard procedure in orthopedic and neurosurgery. After endoscopic discectomy an otherwise healthy patient developed massive dyspnea in combination with severe abdominal pain. Sonography revealed a large volume of free fluid in the abdominal cavity which proved to be surgical irrigation solution after computed tomography (CT) guided puncture. After insertion of a drainage channel fluid could be removed and the patient was transferred to a peripheral ward after a 24 h monitoring period...
January 2014: Der Anaesthesist
Ann Fischerström, Lena Nyholm, Anders Lewén, Per Enblad
BACKGROUND: Traditionally acute life-saving evacuations of extracerebral haematomas are performed by general surgeons on vital indication in county hospitals in the Uppsala-Örebro health care region in Sweden, a region characterized by long distances and a sparsely distributed population. Recently, it was stated in the guidelines for prehospital care of traumatic brain injury from the Scandinavian Neurosurgical Society that acute neurosurgery should not be performed in smaller hospitals without neurosurgical expertise...
January 2014: Acta Neurochirurgica
Abel Po-Hao Huang, Jui-Chang Tsai, Lu-Ting Kuo, Chung-Wei Lee, Hong-Shiee Lai, Li-Kai Tsai, Sheng-Jean Huang, Chien-Min Chen, Yuan-Shen Chen, Hao-Yu Chuang, Max Wintermark
OBJECT: Currently, perfusion CT (PCT) is a valuable imaging technique that has been successfully applied to the clinical management of patients with ischemic stroke and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, recent literature and the authors' experience have shown that PCT has many more important clinical applications in a variety of neurosurgical conditions. Therefore, the authors share their experiences of its application in various diseases of the cerebrovascular, neurotraumatology, and neurooncology fields and review the pertinent literature regarding expanding PCT applications for neurosurgical conditions, including pitfalls and future developments...
February 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery
Mihai Popescu, Valentin Titus Grigorean, Crina Julieta Sinescu, Cristian Dumitru Lupascu, George Popescu, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu, Iancu Emil Plesea
Cavernous haemangioma (cavernoma) is a benign vascular lesion, exceptionally located in cauda equina. We report a case, diagnosed and operated in the Department of Neurosurgery from Pitesti County Emergency Hospital, of a 60-year-old woman with history of lumbar region distress, who presented with low back pain, paravertebral muscle contracture, and bilateral lumbar radiculopathy, with sudden onset after lifting effort. The preoperative diagnosis was done using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the patient underwent surgery-two level laminectomy, dural incision, and tumor dissection from the cauda equina nerve roots under operatory microscope...
2013: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
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