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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096658/anticancer-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-girinimbine-isolated-from-murraya-koenigii
#1
Venoos Iman, Syam Mohan, Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Hamed Karimian, Noraziah Nordin, Mehran Fadaeinasab, Mohamad Ibrahim Noordin, Suzita Mohd Noor
Therapy that directly targets apoptosis and/or inflammation could be highly effective for the treatment of cancer. Murraya koenigii is an edible herb that has been traditionally used for cancer treatment as well as inflammation. Here, we describe that girinimbine, a carbazole alkaloid isolated from M. koenigii, induced apoptosis and inhibited inflammation in vitro as well as in vivo. Induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (HT-29) by girinimbine revealed decreased cell viability in HT-29, whereas there was no cytotoxic effect on normal colon cells...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081247/changes-of-oxidative-stress-glutathione-and-its-dependent-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-before-and-after-tumor-resection
#2
Shao-Bin Cheng, Hsiao-Tien Liu, Sin-Yuan Chen, Ping-Ting Lin, Chia-Yu Lai, Yi-Chia Huang
The changes in and relationship between oxidative stress and the glutathione (GSH) antioxidant system in the plasma and tissues of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before and after tumor resection have not been clearly determined. We investigated the changes in oxidative stress, GSH status and its dependent antioxidant enzyme activities in HCC patients before and after tumor resection, and to determine the association of oxidative stress with GSH and its dependent antioxidant enzyme activities in plasma and tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071805/antioxidant-and-chelating-capacity-of-maillard-reaction-products-in-amino-acid-sugar-model-systems-applications-for-food-processing
#3
Blanca A Mondaca-Navarro, Luz A Ávila-Villa, Aaron F Gonzalez-Córdova, Jaime Lopez-Cervantes, Dalia I Sanchez-Machado, Olga C Campas-Baypoli, Roberto Rodríguez-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Maillard reaction products (MRP) have gained increasing interest due to their both positive and negative effects on human health. Aqueous amino acid-sugar model systems were studied in order to evaluate the antioxidant and chelating activity of MRP under conditions similar to those of food processing. Amino acids (cysteine, glycine, isoleucine and lysine) combined with different sugars (fructose or glucose) were heated to 100 and 130 °C for 30, 60 and 90 min. Antioxidant capacity was evaluated via ABTS and DPPH free radical scavenging assays, in addition to the Fe(+2) and Cu(+2) ion chelating capacity...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068598/novel-flavonolignan-hybrid-antioxidants-from-enzymatic-preparation-to-molecular-rationalization
#4
Eva Vavříková, Vladimír Křen, Lubica Jezova-Kalachova, Michal Biler, Benjamin Chantemargue, Michaela Pyszková, Sergio Riva, Marek Kuzma, Kateřina Valentová, Jitka Ulrichová, Jiří Vrba, Patrick Trouillas, Jan Vacek
A series of antioxidants was designed and synthesized based on conjugation of the hepatoprotective flavonolignan silybin with l-ascorbic acid, trolox alcohol or tyrosol via a C12 aliphatic linker. These hybrid molecules were prepared from 12-vinyl dodecanedioate-23-O-silybin using the enzymatic regioselective acylation procedure with Novozym 435 (lipase B) or with lipase PS. Voltammetric analyses showed that the silybin-ascorbic acid conjugate exhibited excellent electron donating ability, in comparison to the other conjugates...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067840/effect-of-film-forming-alginate-chitosan-polyelectrolyte-complex-on-the-storage-quality-of-pork
#5
Dominika Kulig, Anna Zimoch-Korzycka, Żaneta Król, Maciej Oziembłowski, Andrzej Jarmoluk
Meat is one of the most challenging food products in the context of maintaining quality and safety. The aim of this work was to improve the quality of raw/cooked meat by coating it with sodium alginate (A), chitosan (C), and sodium alginate-chitosan polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) hydrosols. Antioxidant properties of A, C, and PEC hydrosols were determined. Subsequently, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), sensory quality of raw/cooked pork coated with experimental hydrosols, and antimicrobial efficiency of those hydrosols on the surface microbiota were analysed...
January 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067067/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-anthocyanin-activities-of-mosses-cinclidotus-fontinaloides-hedw-p-beauv-and-palustriella-commutata-hedw-ochyra-gathered-from-turkey
#6
Ozlem Tonguc Yayintas, Duygu Alpaslan, Yonca Karagul Yuceer, Selehattin Yilmaz, Nurettin Sahiner
Cinclidotus fontinaloides (Hedw.) P. Beauv. and Palustriella commutata (Hedw.) Ochyra were used in this study. The chemical composition of mosses in the ethanol and water extract was determined using GC-MS and FT-IR. Antioxidant activities of moss extracts were tested by total phenol and ABTS methods. Trolox equivalent value (TEAC) of mosses was calculated as 26 ± 0.32 and 10 ± 0.22 mg/g. The amounts of the flavonoid compounds were calculated as mg gallic acid. Gallic acid equivalent value of mosses was calculated as 587 ± 0...
January 9, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066942/antioxidant-status-and-expression-of-inflammatory-genes-in-gut-and-liver-of-piglets-fed-different-dietary-methionine-concentrations
#7
J O Zeitz, S Kaltenböck, E Most, K Eder
This study investigated the hypothesis that dietary concentrations of methionine (Met), as a precursor of cysteine which is a constituent of glutathione (GSH), affect tissue antioxidant concentrations and the antioxidant defence system in pigs. Forty-five piglets (DanZucht × Pietrain) were allotted to three groups of similar mean body weight (11.0 ± 0.9 kg). The basal diet was composed of barley, wheat, corn starch, soybean oil, sucrose, cellulose and a mineral supplement with suboptimal concentrations of Met and was supplemented with dl-Met to reach 0...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063238/aspergillus-awamori-fermented-mung-bean-seed-coats-enhance-the-antioxidant-and-immune-responses-of-weaned-pigs
#8
D N Lee, Y S Hung, T S Yang, J H Lin, C F Weng
The potential benefits of Aspergillus-fermented mung bean seed coats (FMSC) for weaned pigs remain unexplored. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments were employed to evaluate the potential of FMSC supplement on the growth, antioxidant and immune responses of weaned pigs. The total polyphenols and DPPH scavenging capability of ethanol extract of FMSC exhibited a greater (p < 0.01) increase than those of pre-fermentation. With the addition of the polyphenol of FMSC extract, an increase in phagocytosis by neutrophils and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were found...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061347/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-deferiprone-resveratrol-hybrids-as-antioxidants-a%C3%AE-1-42-aggregation-inhibitors-and-metal-chelating-agents-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Ping Xu, Minkui Zhang, Rong Sheng, Yongmin Ma
A series of deferiprone-resveratrol hybrids have been designed and synthesized as multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) through merging the chelating moiety 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one into the structure of resveratrol, a natural antioxidant agent and β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) aggregation inhibitor. The in vitro biological evaluation revealed that most of these newly synthesized compounds exhibited good inhibitory activity against self-induced Aβ1-42 aggregation, excellent antioxidant activity and potent metal chelating capability...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039848/the-effect-of-d-galactose-induced-oxidative-stress-on-in-vitro-redox-homeostasis-in-rat-plasma-and-erythrocytes
#10
Daniela Delwing-de Lima, Silmara Brietzig Hennrich, Débora Delwing-Dal Magro, Juliana Gruenwaldt Maia Aurélio, Ana Paula Serpa, Thierry Waltrich Augusto, Nariana Regina Pereira
We, herein, investigated the in vitro effects of galactose on thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBA-RS), total sulfhydryl content, and on the activities of antioxidant enzymes, including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) in the blood of 30- and 60-day-old rats. We also determined the influence of the antioxidants, trolox, ascorbic acid and glutathione, on the effects elicited by galactose on the parameters tested. Galactose was added to the assay at final concentrations of 0...
December 28, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035536/moringa-oleifera-leaf-extract-increases-plasma-antioxidant-status-associated-with-reduced-plasma-malondialdehyde-concentration-without-hypoglycemia-in-fasting-healthy-volunteers
#11
Sathaporn Ngamukote, Teerawat Khannongpho, Marent Siriwatanapaiboon, Sukrit Sirikwanpong, Winai Dahlan, Sirichai Adisakwattana
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Moringa Oleifera leaf extract (MOLE) on plasma glucose concentration and antioxidant status in healthy volunteers. METHODS: A randomized crossover design was used in this study. Healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to receive either 200 mL of warm water (10 cases) or 200 mL of MOLE (500 mg dried extract, 10 cases). Blood samples were drawn at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min for measuring fasting plasma glucose (FPG), ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA)...
December 29, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012440/nrf2-inhibition-reverses-the-resistance-of-cisplatin-resistant-head-and-neck-cancer-cells-to-artesunate-induced-ferroptosis
#12
Jong-Lyel Roh, Eun Hye Kim, Hyejin Jang, Daiha Shin
: Artesunate, an anti-malarial drug, has been repurposed as an anticancer drug due to its induction of cell death via reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating cancer cell death and the resistance of cells to artesunate remain unclear. We investigated the molecular mechanisms behind the antitumor effects of artesunate and an approach to overcome artesunate resistance in head and neck cancer (HNC). The effects of artesunate and trigonelline were tested in different HNC cell lines, including three cisplatin-resistant HNC cell lines...
December 18, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011206/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-4-aminochalcone-rivastigmine-hybrids-as-multifunctional-agents-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Ganyuan Xiao, Yan Li, Xiaoming Qiang, Rui Xu, Yunxiaozhu Zheng, Zhongcheng Cao, Li Luo, Xia Yang, Zhipei Sang, Fu Su, Yong Deng
A series of 4'-aminochalcone-revastigmine hybrids were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The results showed that most of these compounds exhibited good multifunctional activities. In particular, compound 6c displayed the best inhibitory potency on acetylcholinesterase (IC50=4.91μM), and significant antioxidative activity with a value 2.83-fold of Trolox. The kinetic analysis of AChE inhibition revealed that 6c showed mixed-type inhibition, binding simultaneously to the catalytic active site and peripheral anionic site of AChE...
December 9, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007001/antioxidant-and-neuroprotector-effect-of-lepidium-meyenii-maca-methanol-leaf-extract-against-6-hydroxy-dopamine-6-ohda-induced-toxicity-in-pc12-cells
#14
Ángel Rodríguez-Huamán, Sandra Casimiro-Gonzales, Jorge Antonio Chávez-Pérez, Carla Gonzales-Arimborgo, Richard Cisneros-Fernández, Luis Ángel Aguilar-Mendoza, Gustavo F Gonzales
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are normally produced during cell metabolism, there is strong evidence to suggest that ROS produced in excess impair the cell and may be etiologically related to various neurodegenerative diseases. This study was undertaken to examine the effects of Lepidium meyenii (MACA) methanol leaf extract on neurotoxicity in PC12 cell exposed to 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Fresh samples of "maca" leaves were processed in order to obtain foliar extracts and to evaluate the neurobiological activity on PC12 cells, subjected to the cytotoxic effect of 6-OHDA through the determination of the capacity antioxidant, cell viability and cytotoxicity assays on PC12 cells...
January 8, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000504/examination-of-secondary-metabolites-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-anthyllis-vulneraria-fuchsia-sp-galium-mollugo-and-veronica-beccabunga
#15
Rita Csepregi, Tímea Bencsik, Nóra Papp
Anthyllis vulneraria L., Fuchsia sp., Galium mollugo L., and Veronica beccabunga L. were selected to analyse the phenolic content and the antioxidant activity by ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assays. The highest polyphenol, tannin, and flavonoid contents were measured in Fuchsia species (7.40 ± 0.8, 5.62 ± 0.7 and 0.72 ± 0.1 g/100 g dry weight), while the lowest values were detected in Anthyllis vulneraria (0.68 ± 0.02, 0.17 ± 0.03 and 0...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000475/effect-of-grape-juice-consumption-on-antioxidant-activity-and-interleukin-6-concentration-in-lactating-rats
#16
Sabrina Baptista Alves Faria, Vanessa Rosse, Juliana Furtado Dias, Nara Moreira Xavier, Vilma Blondet Azeredo
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of grape juice consumption on the antioxidant capacity and the interleukin-6 blood level of lactating rats. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eighteen Wistar rats, lactating females adult, were divided into two groups: control group (CG) and grape juice group (GJG). The antioxidant activity was determined by the method of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-kidnapping of free radicals (DPPH) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and the interleukin-6 was determined by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997177/nitro-azo-and-amino-derivatives-of-ebselen-synthesis-structure-and-cytoprotective-effects
#17
Vijay P Singh, Jia-Fei Poon, Jiajie Yan, Xi Lu, Marjam Karlsson Ott, Ray J Butcher, Paul J Gates, Lars Engman
Novel azo-bis-ebselen compounds 7 were prepared by reduction of 7-nitro-2-aryl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-ones 3 and 6 with sodium benzenetellurolate, NaTeC6H5, and by reaction of 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzamides with Na2Se2. The X-ray structure of 7b showed that the molecule, due to strong intramolecular secondary Se···N interactions, is completely planar. Azo-compounds 7 upon further reaction with NaTeC6H5 were reductively cleaved to provide 2 equiv of the corresponding aromatic amine. The weak Se-N bond was not stable enough to survive the reaction conditions, and diselenides 8 were isolated after workup...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989253/montmorency-tart-cherries-prunus-cerasus-l-modulate-vascular-function-acutely-in-the-absence-of-improvement-in-cognitive-performance
#18
K M Keane, C F Haskell-Ramsay, R C Veasey, G Howatson
Cerebral blood volume and metabolism of oxygen decline as part of human ageing, and this has been previously shown to be related to cognitive decline. There is some evidence to suggest that polyphenol-rich foods can play an important role in delaying the onset or halting the progression of age-related health disorders such as CVD and Alzheimer's disease and to improve cognitive function. In the present study, an acute, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, cross-over, randomised Latin-square design study with a washout period of at least 14 d was conducted on twenty-seven, middle-aged (defined as 45-60 years) volunteers...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979301/bioactives-of-coffee-cherry-pulp-and-its-utilisation-for-production-of-cascara-beverage
#19
Andrea Heeger, Agnieszka Kosińska-Cagnazzo, Ennio Cantergiani, Wilfried Andlauer
Coffee cherry pulp is a by-product obtained during coffee production. Coffee cherry pulp contains considerable amounts of phenolic compounds and caffeine. An attempt to produce Cascara, a refreshing beverage, has been made. Six dried coffee pulp samples and a beverage called Cascara produced in Switzerland out of one of those samples were investigated. Aqueous extraction of coffee pulps revealed a content of total polyphenols between 4.9 and 9.2mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/gDM. The antioxidant capacity was between 51 and 92μmol Trolox equivalents (TE)/gDM as measured by the assay with ABTS radical...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979228/identification-functional-gastrointestinal-stability-and-molecular-docking-studies-of-lentil-peptides-with-dual-antioxidant-and-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-activities
#20
Patricia García-Mora, Mercedes Martín-Martínez, María Angeles Bonache, Rosario González-Múniz, Elena Peñas, Juana Frias, Cristina Martinez-Villaluenga
The objective was to identify peptides with dual antioxidant and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities released from lentil proteins by Savinase®. The influence of gastrointestinal digestion on peptide bioactivity was also assayed. Fragments from vicilin, convicilin and legumin were the most abundant peptides identified. Peptides LLSGTQNQPSFLSGF, NSLTLPILRYL, TLEPNSVFLPVLLH showed the highest antioxidant (0.013-1.432μmol Trolox eq./μmol peptide) and ACE inhibitory activities (IC50=44-120μM)...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
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