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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346835/two-citrate-transporters-coordinately-regulate-citrate-secretion-from-rice-bean-root-tip-under-aluminum-stress
#1
Mei Ya Liu, He Qiang Lou, Wei Wei Chen, Miguel A Piñeros, Jia Meng Xu, Wei Fan, Leon V Kochian, Shao Jian Zheng, Jian Li Yang
Al-induced organic acid secretion from the root apex is an important Al resistance mechanism. However, it remains unclear how plants fine-tune root organic acid secretion which can contribute significantly to the loss of fixed carbon from the plant. Here, we demonstrate that Al-induced citrate secretion from the rice bean root apex is biphasic, consisting of an early phase with low secretion and a later phase of large citrate secretion. We isolated and characterized VuMATE2 as a possible second citrate transporter in rice bean functioning in tandem with VuMATE1, which we previously identified...
January 18, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346752/epitranscriptomic-m6a-regulation-of-axon-regeneration-in-the-adult-mammalian-nervous-system
#2
Yi-Lan Weng, Xu Wang, Ran An, Jessica Cassin, Caroline Vissers, Yuanyuan Liu, Yajing Liu, Tianlei Xu, Xinyuan Wang, Samuel Zheng Hao Wong, Jessica Joseph, Louis C Dore, Qiang Dong, Wei Zheng, Peng Jin, Hao Wu, Bin Shen, Xiaoxi Zhuang, Chuan He, Kai Liu, Hongjun Song, Guo-Li Ming
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) affects multiple aspects of mRNA metabolism and regulates developmental transitions by promoting mRNA decay. Little is known about the role of m6A in the adult mammalian nervous system. Here we report that sciatic nerve lesion elevates levels of m6A-tagged transcripts encoding many regeneration-associated genes and protein translation machinery components in the adult mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Single-base resolution m6A-CLIP mapping further reveals a dynamic m6A landscape in the adult DRG upon injury...
January 17, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346329/anti-phytopathogenic-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-crude-extracts-and-secondary-metabolites-of-marine-derived-fungi
#3
Dong-Lin Zhao, Dan Wang, Xue-Ying Tian, Fei Cao, Yi-Qiang Li, Cheng-Sheng Zhang
Thirty-one isolates belonging to eight genera in seven orders were identified from 141 strains that were isolated from several marine plants. Alternaria sp. and Fusarium sp. were found to be the predominant fungi. Evaluation of the anti-phytopathogenic bacterial and fungal activities, as well as the cytotoxicity of these 31 extracts, revealed that most of them displayed different levels of bioactivities. Due to their interesting bioactivities, two fungal strains-Fusarium equiseti (P18) and Alternaria sp. (P8)-were selected for chemical investigation and compounds 1-4 were obtained...
January 18, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345264/giant-spontaneous-exchange-bias-obtained-by-tuning-magnetic-compensation-in-samarium-ferrite-single-crystals
#4
Xiao-Xiong Wang, Shang Gao, Xu Yan, Qiang Li, Jun-Cheng Zhang, Yun-Ze Long, Ke-Qing Ruan, Xiao-Guang Li
Spontaneous exchange bias (SEB) under zero field cooling (ZFC) has recently attracted lots of attention due to its underlying physics and potential applications. Here we report the giant SEB (GSEB) of SmFeO3 single crystals by tuning magnetic compensation by temperature, which is rather convenient. A SEB field of up to 1 T at 3.9 K after ZFC (-1.4 T at 3.9 K after field cooling) was obtained. The SEB shows reciprocal relationship with remnant magnetization.
January 18, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345104/a-self-growing-strategy-for-large-scale-crystal-assembly-tubes
#5
Huizeng Li, Mingzhu Li, Qiang Yang, Xiaoli Sun, Bo Guan, Yanlin Song
Assembled tubular materials have attracted widespread attention due to their potential applications in catalysis, bionics, and optic-electronics. Many versatile methods, including template-assistance and self-assembly, have been developed for tubular materials fabrication. Here we demonstrate a self-growing strategy to prepare large-scale crystal assembly tubes. Addition of the template and the need for the sophisticated equipment are avoided with this method. The sidewall of the tubes composes of a layer of polyhedral crystals that are connected together through grain coalescence...
January 18, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344831/interaction-network-of-core-aba-signaling-components-in-maize
#6
Ying-Ge Wang, Feng-Ling Fu, Hao-Qiang Yu, Tao Hu, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Yi Tao, Jian-Kang Zhu, Yang Zhao, Wan-Chen Li
We defined a comprehensive core ABA signaling network in monocot maize, including the gene expression, subcellular localization and interaction network of ZmPYLs, ZmPP2Cs, ZmSnRK2s and the putative substrates. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in plant developmental processes and abiotic stress responses. In Arabidopsis, ABA is sensed by the PYL ABA receptors, which leads to binding of the PP2C protein phosphatase and activation of the SnRK2 protein kinases. These components functioning diversely and redundantly in ABA signaling are little known in maize...
January 17, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344288/gp73-level-determines-chemotherapeutic-resistance-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#7
Jia-Zhou Ye, Shu-Mei Yan, Chun-Ling Yuan, Hui-Ni Wu, Jin-Yan Zhang, Zhi-Hui Liu, Yong-Qiang Li, Xiao-Ling Luo, Yan Lin, Rong Liang
Objective GP73 is a new hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) marker, which is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma and closely relates to prognosis. This study was to investigate the effects of GP73 on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, oxaliplatin (OXA) resistance and secretory clusterin (sCLU) of HCC cells. Materials and Methods Western blot and immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of GP73 in 8 types of commonly used HCC cell lines. Drug resistance was induced by increasing concentration gradient method...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343817/associations-between-body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-renal-events-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Kamel Mohammedi, John Chalmers, William Herrington, Qiang Li, Giuseppe Mancia, Michel Marre, Neil Poulter, Anthony Rodgers, Bryan Williams, Vlado Perkovic, Josef Coresh, Mark Woodward
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between BMI and the risk of renal disease in patients with type 2 diabetes in the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: PreterAx and DiamicroN Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were divided into six baseline BMI categories: <18.5 (underweight, n = 58); ≥18.5 to <25 (normal, n = 2894); ≥25 to <30 (overweight, n = 4340); ≥30 to <35 (obesity grade 1, n = 2265); ≥35 to <40 (obesity grade 2, n = 744); and ≥40 kg/m2 (obesity grade 3, n = 294); those underweight were excluded...
January 17, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343525/lack-of-remuscularization-following-transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-cardiovascular-progenitor-cells-in-infarcted-nonhuman-primates
#9
Keyang Zhu, Qiang Wu, Cheng Ni, Peng Zhang, Zhiwei Zhong, Yan Wu, Yingchao Wang, Yinchuan Xu, Minjian Kong, Haifeng Cheng, Zhihua Tao, Qian Yang, He Liang, Yun Jiang, Qingju Li, Jing Zhao, Jijun Huang, Fengjiang Zhang, Qi Chen, Yi Li, Jinghai Chen, Wei Zhu, Hong Yu, Jianyi Zhang, Huang-Tian Yang, Xinyang Hu, Jian'an Wang
Rationale: Human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiovascular progenitor cells (hPSC-CVPCs) should be thoroughly investigated in large animal studies before testing in clinical trials. Objective: To clarify if hPSC-CVPCs can engraft for long time in the heart of primates after myo-cardial infarction (MI) and compare the effectiveness and safety of immunosuppression with cy-closporine alone or multiple-drug regimen (MDR) containing cyclosporine, methylprednisolone, and Simulect in cynomolgous monkeys that had received intramyocardial injections of 1×107 EGFP-expressing hPSC-CVPCs after MI...
January 17, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342876/improvement-of-verticillium-wilt-resistance-by-applying-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-to-a-cotton-variety-with-high-symbiotic-efficiency-under-field-conditions
#10
Qiang Zhang, Xinpeng Gao, Yanyun Ren, Xinhua Ding, Jiajia Qiu, Ning Li, Fanchang Zeng, Zhaohui Chu
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play an important role in nutrient cycling processes and plant stress resistance. To evaluate the effect of Rhizophagus irregularis CD1 on plant growth promotion (PGP) and Verticillium wilt disease, the symbiotic efficiency of AMF (SEA) was first investigated over a range of 3% to 94% in 17 cotton varieties. The high-SEA subgroup had significant PGP effects in a greenhouse. From these results, the highest-SEA variety of Lumian 1 was selected for a two-year field assay. Consistent with the performance from the greenhouse, the AMF-mediated PGP of Lumian 1 also produced significant results, including an increased plant height, stem diameter, number of petioles, and phosphorus content...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341861/genome-wide-survey-reveals-dynamic-effects-of-folate-supplement-on-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-during-c2c12-differentiation
#11
Yi Li, Qiang Feng, Miao Guo, Yuding Wang, Yunliang Jiang, Jinyi Xing
Folic acid supplements during pregnancy can prevent neural tube defects and other developmental abnormalities. Here, we explored the effects of folate supplement on gene expression and DNA methylation during C2C12 differentiation. Based on the folic acid concentration, this study comprised three groups: low folate (L), normal folate (N), and high-folate supplement (H). Our analyses revealed that differentiation and the mRNA expression of myogenin in C2C12 cell were enhanced by folic acid, however, the overall methylation percentage in myogenin promoter between different treatment groups was not significantly different (P>0...
January 12, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340879/diethylstilbestrol-arrested-spermatogenesis-and-somatic-growth-in-the-juveniles-of-yellow-catfish-pelteobagrus-fulvidraco-a-fish-with-sexual-dimorphic-growth
#12
Zhi-Hao Liu, Qi-Liang Chen, Qiang Chen, Fang Li, Ying-Wen Li
In fish, spermatogenesis and somatic growth are mainly regulated by hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) and hypothalamic-pituitary-somatic (HPS) axes, respectively. Xenoestrogens have been reported to impair spermatogenesis in some fishes, and arrest somatic growth in some others, whereas, whether xenoestrogens are capable of disrupting spermatogenesis and somatic growth simultaneously in fish that exhibits sexual dimorphic growth is little known, and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, male juveniles of yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), which exhibits a sexual dimorphic growth that favors males, were exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) for 28 days...
January 16, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340105/long-term-effects-of-sitagliptin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-results-from-the-prologue-study
#13
Ziliang Ye, Hui Li, Haili Lu, Qiang Su, Lang Li
Background: The effects of sitagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension are unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the long-term effects of sitagliptin in those patients. Methods: In the PROLOGUE study, 365 patients were diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and 189 patients in the sitagliptin group, 176 patients in the conventional group. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), HbA1c, systolic pressure (SP), diastolic pressure (DP), serum urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCR) were measured at the beginning of the study and after 12 and 24 months of treatment...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339745/genomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-asian-honeybee-apis-cerana-provides-novel-insights-into-honeybee-biology
#14
Qingyun Diao, Liangxian Sun, Huajun Zheng, Zhijiang Zeng, Shengyue Wang, Shufa Xu, Huoqing Zheng, Yanping Chen, Yuanyuan Shi, Yuezhu Wang, Fei Meng, Qingliang Sang, Lianfei Cao, Fang Liu, Yongqiang Zhu, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Congjie Dai, Minjun Yang, Shenglu Chen, Runsheng Chen, Shaowu Zhang, Jay D Evans, Qiang Huang, Jie Liu, Fuliang Hu, Songkun Su, Jie Wu
The Asian honeybee Apis cerana is one of two bee species that have been commercially kept with immense economic value. Here we present the analysis of genomic sequence and transcriptomic exploration for A. cerana as well as the comparative genomic analysis of the Asian honeybee and the European honeybee A. mellifera. The genome and RNA-seq data yield new insights into the behavioral and physiological resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa the evolution of antimicrobial peptides, and the genetic basis for labor division in A...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339406/genetic-diversity-molecular-phylogeny-and-selection-evidence-of-jinchuan-yak-revealed-by-whole-genome-resequencing
#15
Daoliang Lan, Xianrong Xiong, Tserang-Donko Mipam, Changxiu Fu, Qiang Li, Yi Ai, Dingchao Hou, Zhixin Chai, Jincheng Zhong, Jian Li
Jinchuan yak, a newly discovered yak breed, not only possesses a large proportion of multi-ribs but also exhibits many good characteristics, such as high meat production, milk yield and reproductive performance. However, information about their overall genetic structure, relationship with yaks in other areas, and possible origins and evolutionary processes is limited. In this study, 7,693,689 high-quality single-nucleotide polymorphisms were identified by resequencing the genome of Jinchuan yak. Principal component and population genetic structure analyses showed that Jinchuan yak was distinguished as an independent population among the domestic yak population...
January 16, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338684/a-simple-prediction-model-to-estimate-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Shiqun Chen, Yong Liu, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Hua Yao, Yingling Zhou, Ji-Yan Chen, Qiang Li
BACKGROUND: A simple noninvasive model to predict obstructive coronary artery disease (OCAD) may promote risk stratification and reduce the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to develop pre-procedural, noninvasive prediction models that better estimate the probability of OCAD among patients with suspected CAD undergoing elective coronary angiography (CAG). METHODS: We included 1262 patients, who had reliable Framingham risk variable data, in a cohort without known CAD from a prospective registry of patients referred for elective CAG...
January 16, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338092/delayed-initial-radioiodine-therapy-related-to-incomplete-response-in-low-to-intermediate-risk-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#17
Hui Li, Ying-Qiang Zhang, Chen Wang, Xin Zhang, Xin Li, Yan-Song Lin
Whether the initiating time of radioiodine (RAI) therapy will affect the clinical outcome in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of RAI therapy initiating time on response to initial therapy in low- to intermediate-risk DTC METHODS: A total of 235 consecutive patients with low- to intermediate-risk DTC were retrospectively reviewed. According to the time interval between thyroidectomy and RAI therapy, patients were divided into Group 1 (interval < 3 months, n=187) and Group 2 (interval ≥ 3 months, n=48)...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337754/in-reply
#18
Wei Xing, Dong-Tai Chen, Jia-Hao Pan, Yong-Hua Chen, Yan Yan, Qiang Li, Rui-Feng Xue, Yun-Fei Yuan, Wei-An Zeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337652/poorly-neutralizing-polyclonal-antibody-in-vitro-against-coxsackievirus-a16-circulating-strains-can-prevent-a-lethal-challenge-in-vivo
#19
Xin Yao, QunYing Mao, Yajing Li, Chunsheng Hao, LianLian Bian, Pan Chen, Fan Gao, Xing Wu, WeiWei Lu, Qiang Gao, XiuLing Li, Zhenglun Liang
Neutralizing antibodies (NTAbs) is a major criterion for evaluation the immunogenicity of many vaccines, for example, poliovirus and EV71 vaccine. Here, we firstly discovered that polyclonal antibodies induced by inactivated CVA16 vaccine and lived CVA16 virus have poor ability to neutralize circulating CVA16 strains in vitro. However, the passive transfer of poorly neutralizing polyclonal antibodies can protect suckling mice from lethally challenged with circulating strains in vivo. In addition, the obvious dose response was found between the titer of antibodies and the survival rate...
January 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337312/china-co2-emission-accounts-1997-2015
#20
Yuli Shan, Dabo Guan, Heran Zheng, Jiamin Ou, Yuan Li, Jing Meng, Zhifu Mi, Zhu Liu, Qiang Zhang
China is the world's top energy consumer and CO2 emitter, accounting for 30% of global emissions. Compiling an accurate accounting of China's CO2 emissions is the first step in implementing reduction policies. However, no annual, officially published emissions data exist for China. The current emissions estimated by academic institutes and scholars exhibit great discrepancies. The gap between the different emissions estimates is approximately equal to the total emissions of the Russian Federation (the 4th highest emitter globally) in 2011...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Data
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