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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238486/deep-venous-thrombosis-among-hypertensive-patients-in-king-abdulaziz-university-kau-hospital-jeddah-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Omar Ayed Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Nesreen Ali Mohammed, Tariq Mozil Aquab Alanizy, Yasir Wadi Alanazi, Munif Saleh Alanazi, Abdurhman Aiash Alrwaili, Amjad Hamoud Alruwaili, Abdullah Hussain Alanazi, Ahmed Saad Alanazi
Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a frequent cardiovascular disorder. It is among the main causes of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and, at the same time, can be easily avoided. Studies clarified that there are a variety of factors which can be significantly associated with the development of DVT in hospitalized patients. Objective: to identify frequency and factors associated with occurrence of DVT among hypertensive patients referred to KAU hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234303/a-study-of-super-refractory-status-epilepticus-from-india
#2
Usha K Misra, Jayantee Kalita, Deepanshu Dubey
Background: Super refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is an important and recently recognized neurological emergency. Purpose: In view of paucity of studies on SRSE, we report the frequency, etiology and outcome of SRSE. Methods: In a hospital-based observational study during 2013 to 2016, consecutive patients with SRSE [persistence of status epilepticus (SE) for 24 h or more, or recurrence of SE on weaning of intravenous anesthetic] were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234232/vitreous-hemorrhage-as-a-clue-to-late-presenting-pulmonary-arterio-venous-malformation
#3
Brijesh Takkar, Archita Singh, Prateek Kakkar, Shorya Azad, Rajvardhan Azad
Retinal vasculature is frequently altered in systemic vascular disorders such as Diabetes and Hypertension. We present a rare case in which vitreous hemorrhage was the presenting sign of an underlying congenital cyanotic heart disease.
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230182/a-network-model-to-explore-the-effect-of-the-micro-environment-on-endothelial-cell-behavior-during-angiogenesis
#4
Nathan Weinstein, Luis Mendoza, Isidoro Gitler, Jaime Klapp
Angiogenesis is an important adaptation mechanism of the blood vessels to the changing requirements of the body during development, aging, and wound healing. Angiogenesis allows existing blood vessels to form new connections or to reabsorb existing ones. Blood vessels are composed of a layer of endothelial cells (ECs) covered by one or more layers of mural cells (smooth muscle cells or pericytes). We constructed a computational Boolean model of the molecular regulatory network involved in the control of angiogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230173/blueberry-phenolics-reduce-gastrointestinal-infection-of-patients-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-by-improving-depressant-induced-autoimmune-disorder-via-mir-155-mediated-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#5
Ning Xu, Hao Meng, Tianyi Liu, Yingli Feng, Yuan Qi, Donghuan Zhang, Honglei Wang
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) often causes human depression, whereas depression-induced low immunity makes the patients susceptible to gastrointestinal infection. Blueberry possesses antidepressant properties which may improve autoimmunity and reduce gastrointestinal infection. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) performs antidepressant function and can be regulated by miR-155, which may be affected by blueberry. To explore the possible molecular mechanism, blueberry compounds were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226053/compression-stockings-and-pressure-ulcers-case-series-of-a-neglected-issue
#6
Farooq A Rathore, Faria Ahmad, Omer J Khan
Pressure ulcers develop in patients who endure long periods of immobilization, often caused by conditions such as musculoskeletal and neurological diseases. Pressure ulcers adversely affect the patient and increase caregiver burden and healthcare costs. Typical sites for these ulcers include the sacrum, trochanters, and heels; they also occur on the nape of the neck, penis, nostrils, helix of the ear, and upper back. Compression stockings are commonly used to prevent and stop the progression of venous disorders, including deep vein thrombosis, but their role in the development of pressure ulcers is not well known...
October 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211360/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-as-a-diagnostic-challenge-clinical-and-radiological-correlation-based-on-the-retrospective-analysis-of-own-cases
#7
Anna Zimny, Edyta Dziadkowiak, Joanna Bladowska, Justyna Chojdak-Łukasiewicz, Aleksandra Loster-Niewińska, Marek Sąsiadek, Bogusław Paradowski
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare condition which constitutes 0.5-1% of all strokes. The clinical and radiological picture of CVT is non-specific and can mimic other disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate and correlate clinical and radiological symptoms presented by patients with CVT, both in the initial and follow-up neurological and neuroimaging examinations, with a special emphasis on diagnostic difficulties...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207322/identification-of-a-vte-rich-population-in-pediatrics-critically-ill-children-with-central-venous-catheters
#8
Minh Tran, Steven L Shein, Xinge Ji, Sanjay P Ahuja
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is rising among inpatients in US hospitals, especially among kids with central venous catheters (CVCs) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). OBJECTIVES: To identify a sub-group of "VTE-rich" population among PICU children, and to assess the effect of VTE on morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data was extracted from a multicenter Virtual PICU Database, or VPS, for children with a CVC and presence of a VTE...
November 22, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201328/hughes-stovin-syndrome-revealing-the-presence-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#9
Melek Kechida, Sondes Yaacoubi, Ahmed Zrig, Walid Jomaa, Rim Klii, Sonia Hammami, Ines Khochtali
Background: Hughes-Stovin Syndrome (HSS) is a rare clinical disorder characterized by deep venous thrombosis and multiple pulmonary and/or bronchial aneurysms. Aneurysms in systemic circulation can also be seen. Case presentation: We report the first case of HSS with aortic aneurysm in a 55-year-old man who initially presented with deep venous thrombosis. The diagnosis of HSS revealing Behçet's disease was made given the history of recurrent oral and genital ulcers...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201071/hemostasis-in-overt-and-subclinical-hyperthyroidism
#10
REVIEW
Arash Ordookhani, Kenneth D Burman
Context: There are contradictory results on the effect of hyperthyroidism on hemostasis. Inadequate population-based studies limited their clinical implications, mainly on the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The present review focuses on hemostatic changes in overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted employing MEDLINE database. The following words were used for the search: Hyperthyroidism; thyrotoxicosis; Graves disease; goiter, nodular; hemostasis; blood coagulation factors; blood coagulation disorders; venous thromboembolism; bleeding; fibrinolysis...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200115/medical-complications-of-brain-tumors
#11
Nimish A Mohile
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses common and emergent medical complications encountered in patients with primary brain tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical studies and systematic reviews published in recent years have improved knowledge regarding the incidence of neurologic and medical complications occurring in patients with primary brain tumors. Studies in tumor-related epilepsy and venous thromboembolism provide data for the clinician to make evidence-based decisions about perioperative management, prophylaxis, and therapy...
December 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198736/venous-thromboembolic-complications-to-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Henriette Strøm Kahr, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing, Ole Bjarne Christiansen, Regitze Kuhr Skals, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Aage Knudsen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of venous thromboembolic complications following abdominal, laparoscopic and vaginal hysterectomy when performed for benign disorders. DESIGN: Nationwide cohort study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: Data from Danish national registers on all women undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions in the period 1996-2015. PATIENTS: Women aged 18 and above who underwent hysterectomy for benign disease were stratified into 3 groups according to hysterectomy approach: abdominal, laparoscopic or vaginal...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197471/comparison-of-utilization-trends-indications-and-complications-of-endomyocardial-biopsy-in-native-versus-donor-hearts-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-2002-to-2014
#13
Vikas Singh, Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Ghanshyambhai T Savani, Alex Rodriguez, Vanessa Blumer, Sammy Elmariah, Ignacio Inglessis-Azuaje, Igor Palacios
Native heart endomyocardial biopsy (NH-EMB) is an infrequently performed procedure. The objective of this study is to describe utilization trends, indications, and complications associated with NH-EMB in the United States and compare them with transplanted heart endomyocardial biopsy (TH-EMB). Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample database, we identified 71,105 adult patients undergoing EMB in the inpatient setting in participating hospitals from 2002 to 2014. A total of 20,770 (29%) were performed on NHs (mean age 52...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196248/coagulation-factor-hyperfunction-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-induces-deep-venous-thrombosis
#14
Wang Miao, Ke Zhao, Wenjing Deng, Junfang Teng
OBJECT: To explore the change of coagulation function and associated potential mechanism, the relationship between coagulation disorders and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) within 3 days of onset. METHODS: 150 SAH patients within 3 days of onset and 100 healthy subjects were recruited. Thrombelastography (TEG) analysis and traditional lab tests were performed. Tissue factor (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and activated protein C (APC) were tested by using ELISA kits...
November 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194727/diminished-cerebral-oxygen-extraction-and-metabolic-rate-in-sickle-cell-disease-using-t2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging-mri
#15
Adam M Bush, Thomas D Coates, John C Wood
PURPOSE: T2 MRI oximetry can noninvasively determine oxygen saturation (Y) but requires empirical MR calibration models to convert the measured blood transverse relaxation (T2b ) into Y. The accuracy of existing T2b models in the presence of blood disorders such as sickle cell disease (SCD) remains unknown. METHODS: A Carr Purcell Meiboom Gill T2 preparation sequence was used to make 83 whole blood measurements from 11 subjects with SCD to derive an ex vivo sickle hemoglobin (HbS) T2b model...
December 1, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189879/-vascular-anomalies-part%C3%A2-i-vascular-tumors
#16
S Mylonas, S Brunkwall, J Brunkwall
Vascular anomalies represent a spectrum of structural disorders and inborn errors of vascular morphogenesis, which may affect the entire arterial and venous vascular tree. They are divided into two major categories: tumors, which exhibit endothelial hyperplasia and malformations, which have normal endothelial turnover unless disturbed. Depending on their nature and complexity they can range from a simple "birthmark" to life-threatening entities. The relatively low incidence (4-10%) of vascular anomalies among the general population combined with the fact that their management often falls within the purview of several different medical and surgical specialties, has traditionally resulted in insufficient expertise in the management of these conditions...
November 30, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185440/risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-bullous-pemphigoid-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Patompong Ungprasert, Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased risk of venous thromboembolism is observed in several autoimmune inflammatory disorders. However, data on bullous pemphigoid, one of the most common autoimmune blistering disorders, is limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: Two investigators independently searched published studies indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to July 2016 using the terms for bullous pemphigoid and venous thromboembolism...
November 28, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184862/the-clinical-significance-of-d-dimer-concentrations-in-patients-with-gestational-hypertensive-disorders-according-to-the-severity
#18
Se Jeong Kim, Hyo Jeong Ahn, Jung Yeon Park, Byoung Jae Kim, Kyu Ri Hwang, Taek Sang Lee, Hye Won Jeon, Sun Min Kim
Objective: Pregnancy is a major risk factor of thromboembolism, and the patients with preeclampsia (PE) are known to have higher risk of thromboembolic complications than normal pregnant women. D-dimer is a well-established laboratory marker for the screening of venous thromboembolism (VTE), but the concentrations of d-dimer tend to increase physiologically in pregnant women throughout the gestational age. We performed this study to evaluate the clinical significance of d-dimer concentrations in patients with gestational hypertensive disorders (GHD) according to the severity...
November 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172411/contraception-update-oral-contraception
#19
Elizabeth J Brown, Prium Deshmukh, Karen Antell
The oral contraceptive pill (OCP) is the most commonly used form of reversible contraception. The two types of OCPs are combination oral contraceptives (COCs), which contain estrogen and progesterone, and progestin-only pills (POPs). Both have failure rates of approximately 7.2% to 9% with typical use, and are safe for most patients. Because estrogen-containing contraceptives can increase the risk of venous thromboembolism, patients with conditions associated with a risk of cardiovascular events should not use COCs...
November 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171470/-shereshevsky-turner-syndrome-estrogen-replacement-therapy-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#20
O A Yevstigneeva, E N Andreeva, O R Grigoryan, N N Volevodz, G A Melnichenko, I I Dedov
AIM: To investigate the impact of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on the expression of risk factors for cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome (STS); to elaborate an algorithm for patient management using MHT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, a total of 41 patients aged 14 to 35 years with STS were examined in the framework of a prospective observational study. 100 STS case histories in 2000 to 2009 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
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