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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#1
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#2
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772875/measuring-high-density-built-environment-for-public-health-research-uncertainty-with-respect-to-data-indicator-design-and-spatial-scale
#3
Guibo Sun, Chris Webster, Michael Y Ni, Xiaohu Zhang
Uncertainty with respect to built environment (BE) data collection, measure conceptualization and spatial scales is evident in urban health research, but most findings are from relatively lowdensity contexts. We selected Hong Kong, an iconic high-density city, as the study area as limited research has been conducted on uncertainty in such areas. We used geocoded home addresses (n=5732) from a large population-based cohort in Hong Kong to extract BE measures for the participants' place of residence based on an internationally recognized BE framework...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769257/optimum-hospice-at-home-services-for-end-of-life-care-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study-employing-realist-evaluation
#4
Claire Butler, Charlotte Brigden, Heather Gage, Peter Williams, Laura Holdsworth, Kay Greene, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay, Patricia Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Hospice at home (HAH) services aim to enable patients to be cared for and die in their place of choice, if that is at home, and to achieve a 'good death'. There is a considerable range of HAH services operating in England. The published evidence focuses on evaluations of individual services which vary considerably, and there is a lack of consistency in terms of the outcome measures reported. The evidence, therefore, does not provide generalisable information, so the question 'What are the features of hospice at home service models that work, for whom, and under what circumstances?' remains unanswered...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764456/a-scoping-review-of-reporting-ethical-research-practices-in-research-conducted-among-refugees-and-war-affected-populations-in-the-arab-world
#5
Jihad Makhoul, Rana F Chehab, Zahraa Shaito, Abla M Sibai
BACKGROUND: Ethical research conduct is a cornerstone of research practice particularly when research participants include vulnerable populations. This study mapped the extent of reporting ethical research practices in studies conducted among refugees and war-affected populations in the Arab World, and assessed variations by time, country of study, and study characteristics. METHODS: An electronic search of eight databases resulted in 5668 unique records published between 2000 and 2013...
May 15, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754670/knowledge-to-action-rationale-and-design-of-the-patient-centered-care-transitions-in-heart-failure-pact-hf-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Harriette G C Van Spall, Shun Fu Lee, Feng Xie, Dennis T Ko, Lehana Thabane, Quazi Ibrahim, Peter R Mitoff, Michael Heffernan, Manish Maingi, Michael C Tjandrawidjaja, Mohammad I Zia, Mohamed Panju, Richard Perez, Kim D Simek, Liane Porepa, Ian D Graham, R Brian Haynes, Dilys Haughton, Stuart J Connolly
INTRODUCTION: Heart Failure (HF) is a common cause of hospitalization in older adults. The transition from hospital to home is high-risk, and gaps in transitional care can increase the risk of re-hospitalization and death. Combining health care services supported by meta-analyses, we designed the PACT-HF transitional care model. METHODS: Adopting an integrated Knowledge Translation (iKT) approach in which decision-makers and clinicians are partners in research, we implement and test the effectiveness of PACT-HF among patients hospitalized for HF...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753354/the-development-of-the-guide-to-economic-analysis-and-research-gear-online-resource-for-low-and-middle-income-countries-health-economics-practitioners-a-commentary
#7
Chiaki Urai Adeagbo, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Lorna Guinness, Yot Teerawattananon
Public health authorities around the world are increasingly using economic evaluation to set priorities and inform decision making in health policy, especially in the development of health benefit packages. Nevertheless, researchers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) encounter many barriers when conducting economic evaluations. In 2015, the Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program identified key technical and context-specific challenges faced in conducting and using health economic evaluations in LMICs...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751224/the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-improving-well-being-across-office-based-workplace-settings-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
S Abdin, R K Welch, J Byron-Daniel, J Meyrick
OBJECTIVES: Although the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, most of the population fails to meet the recommended levels of activity. Public health bodies such as the World Health Organisation emphasise promoting PA within workplaces as a key intervention setting to reach the health and well-being of the working population. Given the importance of well-being in workplace settings, it seems worthwhile to explore the evidence of effectiveness in the literature...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743153/integrated-models-of-care-for-people-living-with-hepatitis-c-virus-and-a-substance-use-disorder-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Lianping Ti, Stephanie Parent, María Eugenia Socías
BACKGROUND: People living with a substance use disorder (SUD) are a key population within the hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic. While integrated and community-based models of care have shown positive outcomes among this population, the literature has been primarily focused on the HIV context. This paper outlines a systematic review protocol on the impact of various integrated models of care, which includes HCV and SUD services, on various treatment, and health-related outcomes among this population...
May 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739255/developing-and-implementing-performance-outcome-assessments-evidentiary-methodologic-and-operational-considerations
#10
Elizabeth Richardson, Jessica Burnell, Heather R Adams, Richard W Bohannon, Elizabeth Nicole Bush, Michelle Campbell, Wen Hung Chen, Stephen Joel Coons, Elektra Papadopoulos, Bryce R Reeve, Daniel Rooks, Gregory Daniel
The use of performance outcome (PerfO) assessments to measure cognitive or physical function in drug trials presents several challenges for both sponsors and regulators, owing in part to a relative lack of scientific guidance on their development, implementation, and interpretation. In December 2016, the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy convened a 2-day workshop to explore the evidentiary, methodologic, and operational challenges associated with PerfO measures, and to identify potential paths to addressing these challenges...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733380/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-prisons
#11
Cheneal Puljevic, Catherine J Segan
Introduction: Given the current proliferation of prison smoke-free policies internationally, and the multiple benefits of continued smoking abstinence for correctional populations, improved understanding of factors influencing post-release smoking abstinence is required to inform support strategies aimed at individuals exiting smoke-free prisons. Methods: We systematically searched health, social science, and criminal justice databases for studies relating to smoking behaviours among people released from smoke-free prisons...
May 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733373/substance-use-and-recidivism-outcomes-for-prison-based-drug-and-alcohol-interventions
#12
Dominique de Andrade, Jessica Ritchie, Michael Rowlands, Emily Mann, Leanne Hides
We conducted a systematic review to examine the substance use and recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. We searched public health, criminology, and psychology databases, and conducted forward and backward snowballing methods to identify additional studies. Studies were included if they were published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017; were published in English; and reported substance use and/or recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. Studies were reviewed for methodological rigor using the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
May 4, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733304/an-experimental-model-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rabbit-methodological-considerations-development-and-assessment
#13
Óscar Julián Arias-Mutis, Patricia Genovés, Conrado J Calvo, Ana Díaz, Germán Parra, Luis Such-Miquel, Luis Such, Antonio Alberola, Francisco Javier Chorro, Manuel Zarzoso
In recent years, obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have become a growing problem for public health and clinical practice, given their increased prevalence due to the rise of sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits. Thanks to animal models, basic research can investigate the mechanisms underlying pathological processes such as MetS. Here, we describe the methods used to develop an experimental rabbit model of diet-induced MetS and its assessment. After a period of acclimation, animals are fed a high-fat (10% hydrogenated coconut oil and 5% lard), high-sucrose (15% sucrose dissolved in water) diet for 28 weeks...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730621/how-a-deliberative-approach-includes-women-in-the-decisions-of-screening-mammography-a-citizens-jury-feasibility-study-in-andalusia-spain
#14
José M Baena-Cañada, Violeta Luque-Ribelles, Alicia Quílez-Cutillas, Petra Rosado-Varela, Encarnación Benítez-Rodríguez, Soledad Márquez-Calderón, Juan Manuel Rivera-Bautista
OBJECTIVES: To verify whether a citizens' jury study is feasible to the Andalusian population and to know if women, when better informed, are able to answer the research question of whether the Andalusian Public Health System must continue offering screening mammography to women aged 50-69. The reasons for the pertinent decision and recommendations to the political authorities will be stated. DESIGN: Qualitative research study with the methodology of citizens' jury...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726085/evaluating-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-for-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-using-the-cosmin-checklist
#15
REVIEW
Samantha J Mason, James Wf Catto, Amy Downing, Sarah E Bottomley, Adam W Glaser, Penny Wright
Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are important tools used to understand patient focused outcomes from care. Various PROMs have been developed for patients with Bladder Cancer (BC), although the disease's heterogeneity makes selection difficult. Accurate measurement of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) can only be achieved if the PROM chosen is 'fit for purpose' (i.e. psychometrically sound). Systematic reviews of psychometric properties are useful for selecting the best PROM for a specific purpose...
May 3, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722890/the-association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-metabolic-abnormalities-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Hassan Kahal, Ioannis Kyrou, Olalekan Uthman, Anna Brown, Samantha Johnson, Peter Wall, Andrew Metcalfe, Abd A Tahrani, Harpal S Randeva
Study Objectives: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to examine the relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and metabolic abnormalities in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cinahl, PsycInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, Opengrey, CENTRAL), conference abstracts, and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. No restriction was applied for language or publication status. Results: Six studies involving 252 participants were included...
May 2, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712528/markov-modeling-for-the-neurosurgeon-a-review-of-the-literature-and-an-introduction-to-cost-effectiveness-research
#17
Arvin R Wali, Michael G Brandel, David R Santiago-Dieppa, Robert C Rennert, Jeffrey A Steinberg, Brian R Hirshman, James D Murphy, Alexander A Khalessi
OBJECTIVE Markov modeling is a clinical research technique that allows competing medical strategies to be mathematically assessed in order to identify the optimal allocation of health care resources. The authors present a review of the recently published neurosurgical literature that employs Markov modeling and provide a conceptual framework with which to evaluate, critique, and apply the findings generated from health economics research. METHODS The PubMed online database was searched to identify neurosurgical literature published from January 2010 to December 2017 that had utilized Markov modeling for neurosurgical cost-effectiveness studies...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708078/generating-the-evidence-for-risk-reduction-a-contribution-to-the-future-of-food-based-dietary-guidelines
#18
Lukas Schwingshackl, Sabrina Schlesinger, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Georg Hoffmann, Angela Bechthold, Carolina Schwedhelm, Khalid Iqbal, Sven Knüppel, Heiner Boeing
A major advantage of analyses on the food group level is that the results are better interpretable compared with nutrients or complex dietary patterns. Such results are also easier to transfer into recommendations on primary prevention of non-communicable diseases. As a consequence, food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) are now the preferred approach to guide the population regarding their dietary habits. However, such guidelines should be based on a high grade of evidence as requested in many other areas of public health practice...
April 30, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#19
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699529/substance-use-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
Elsie Breet, Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Understanding relationships between substance use and suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) has important public health implications for suicide prevention in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 75% of suicides occur. This systematic review explored the associations between substance use and SIB in LMICs. METHODS: We searched five databases using a combination of keywords for substance use, SIB and LMICs to identify English-written quantitative studies published between January 2006 and February 2016...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
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