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Public Health Research Methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925832/twitter-as-a-tool-for-health-research-a-systematic-review
#1
Lauren Sinnenberg, Alison M Buttenheim, Kevin Padrez, Christina Mancheno, Lyle Ungar, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Researchers have used traditional databases to study public health for decades. Less is known about the use of social media data sources, such as Twitter, for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the use of Twitter in health research, define a taxonomy to describe Twitter use, and characterize the current state of Twitter in health research. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a literature search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and CINAHL through September 2015...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925711/evaluation-of-susceptibility-of-polymer-and-rubber-materials-intended-into-contact-with-drinking-water-on-biofilm-formation
#2
Maciej Szczotko, Agnieszka Stankiewicz, Małgorzata Jamsheer-Bratkowska
Background: Plumbing materials in water distribution networks and indoor installations are constantly evolving. The application of new, more economical solutions with plastic materials eliminates the corrosion problems, however, do not fully protect the consumer against secondary microbial contamination of water intended for human consumption caused by the presence of a biofilm on the inner surface of materials applied. National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene conducts research aimed at a comprehensive assessment of this type of materials, resulting their further marketing authorization in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920757/advances-and-challenges-in-viability-detection-of-foodborne-pathogens
#3
REVIEW
Dexin Zeng, Zi Chen, Yuan Jiang, Feng Xue, Baoguang Li
Foodborne outbreaks are a serious public health and food safety concern worldwide. There is a great demand for rapid, sensitive, specific, and accurate methods to detect microbial pathogens in foods. Conventional methods based on cultivation of pathogens have been the gold standard protocols; however, they take up to a week to complete. Molecular assays such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequencing, microarray technologies have been widely used in detection of foodborne pathogens. Among molecular assays, PCR technology [conventional and real-time PCR (qPCR)] is most commonly used in the foodborne pathogen detection because of its high sensitivity and specificity...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#4
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919239/psychosocial-determinants-of-parental-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-decision-making-for-sons-methodological-challenges-and-initial-results-of-a-pan-canadian-longitudinal-study
#5
Samara Perez, Ovidiu Tatar, Gilla K Shapiro, Eve Dubé, Gina Ogilvie, Juliet Guichon, Vladimir Gilca, Zeev Rosberger
BACKGROUND: HPV vaccination decision-making is a complex process that is influenced by multiple psychosocial determinants. Given the change in policy recommendation to include males in routine HPV vaccination, our goals were to assess the HPV vaccination uptake in Canada, to understand where Canadian parents were situated in the HPV vaccine decision-making process for their son, how they changed over time and which psychosocial determinants were relevant for this process. METHODS: We used an online survey methodology and collected data from a nationally representative sample of Canadian parents of boys aged 9-16 at baseline (T1, February 2014) and at 9 months' follow-up (T2)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#6
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906934/can-unilateral-kyphoplasty-replace-bilateral-kyphoplasty-in-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Ping-Hui Zhou, Xiao-Feng Shen, Si-Wei Sun, Huilin Yang
BACKGROUND: Kyphoplasty has been proven to be an efficient method to relieve patient suffering from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Because of its technological superiority, unilateral kyphoplasty consumes less operative time and bone cement than traditional bilateral kyphoplasty. However, there is controversy about which method is most efficient in the treatment of OVCFs. Thus, an overall analysis should be performed to shed light on the facts corroborating both procedures...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#9
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905351/-visualizing-research-lines-in-public-health-an-analysis-based-on-bibliometric-maps-applied-to-the-revista-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-2006-2015
#10
Carmen Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Identifying research lines is essential to understand the knowledge structure of a scientific domain. The aim of this study was to identify the main research topics of within the domain of public health, in the Revista Española de Saslud Pública during 2006-2015. METHODS: Original articles included in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) database, available online through the Web of Science (WoS), were selected. The analysis units used were the keywords, KeyWords Plus (KW+), extracted automatically by SSCI...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#11
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893648/quantity-and-quality-of-economic-evaluations-in-u-s-nursing-research-1997-2015-a-systematic-review
#12
Wendy A Cook, Megan L Morrison, Linda H Eaton, Brian R Theodore, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: The United States has a complex healthcare system that is undergoing substantial reformations. There is a need for high-quality, economic evaluations of nursing practice. An updated review of completed economic evaluations relevant to the field of nursing within the U.S. healthcare system is timely and needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and describe the quantity and quality of economic evaluations in nursing-relevant research performed in the United States between 1997 and 2015...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892616/a-policy-analysis-of-teamwork-as-a-proposal-for-healthcare-humanization-implications-for-nursing
#13
R N da Silva, F D da S de Freitas, F P de Araújo, M de A Ferreira
AIM: To analyse the implications of the political devices of the Brazilian National Humanization Policy, Singular Therapeutic Project and Reference Team and Matrix Support, for nursing as a professional discipline. BACKGROUND: The Brazilian Unified Health System, SUS-Brazil, has as its principles regarding health care: universal access at all levels of care; equality and non-discrimination; integrality; community participation; and political and administrative decentralization, regionalization, and hierarchization...
December 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888817/the-role-of-an-electronic-questionnaires-in-epidemiologic-studies-aimed-at-cancer-prevention
#14
Maksymilian Gajda, Małgorzata Kowalska
The growing number of people diagnosed with cancer is an important issue in public health. Evaluation of the population’s level of cancer-related knowledge is mandatory for planning effective prevention or intervention programs. Until recently, traditional methodology, using paper questionnaire or telephone-based interviews had dominated previous cross sectional studies related to this issue. Currently, the use of new research methods based on information technology solutions has been more frequent. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review published data available in the PubMed database towards the identification of strengths and weaknesses of crosssectional studies conducted via Internet, a type of information technology solution...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883301/what-s-in-a-guideline-developing-collaborative-and-sound-research-designs-that-substantiate-best-practice-recommendations-for-transgender-health-care
#15
Madeline B Deutsch, Asa Radix, Sari Reisner
Transgender medicine presents a particular challenge for the development of evidence-based guidelines, due to limitations in the available body of evidence as well as the exclusion of gender identity data from most public health surveillance activities. The guidelines that have been published are often based on expert opinion, small studies, and data gathered outside the US. The existence of guidelines, however, helps legitimate the need for gender-affirming medical and surgical interventions. Research conducted on transgender populations should be grounded in gender-affirming methodologies and focus on key areas such as health outcomes after gender-affirming interventions...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876092/assessing-the-validity-of-abbreviated-literature-searches-for-rapid-reviews-protocol-of-a-non-inferiority-and-meta-epidemiologic-study
#16
Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Viktoria Titscher, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews offer the most reliable and valid support for health policy decision-making, patient information, and guideline development. However, they are labor intensive and frequently take longer than 1 year to complete. Consequently, they often do not meet the needs of those who need to make decisions quickly. Rapid reviews have therefore become a pragmatic alternative to systematic reviews. They are knowledge syntheses that abbreviate certain methodological aspects of systematic reviews to produce information more quickly...
November 22, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873484/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#17
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Sujane Kandasamy, Mita Giacomini, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah D McDonald
Excess gestational weight gain has numerous negative health outcomes for women and children, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and cesarean section (maternal) and high birth weight, trauma at birth, and asphyxia (infants). Excess weight gain in pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of long-term obesity in both mothers and children. Despite a concerted public health effort, the proportion of pregnant women gaining weight in excess of national guidelines continues to increase. To understand this phenomenon and offer suggestions for improving interventions, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative research on pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of weight gain in pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872032/web-based-antismoking-advertising-to-promote-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Elad Yom-Tov, Peter Muennig, Abdulrahman M El-Sayed
BACKGROUND: Although hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year on public health advertising, the advertisement content, design, and placement are usually developed by intuition rather than research. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a methodology for testing Web-based advertisements to promote smoking cessation. METHODS: We developed 10 advertisements that varied by their content (those that empower viewers to quit, help viewers to quit, or discuss the effects of smoking)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871943/understanding-the-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-vegetarian-and-plant-based-diets-to-shape-future-health-promotion-programs
#19
REVIEW
Tricia Corrin, Andrew Papadopoulos
Vegetarian diets have become a prominent area of interest. However, little research has focused on the attitudes and perceptions on vegetarian diets. The purpose of this scoping review was to methodologically search the literature and summarize public perceptions and attitudes towards a vegetarian diet. Using the information found from this review, the Health Belief Model can be applied to shape future health promotion initiatives to move individuals towards a vegetarian or plant-based diet. The main findings indicate that vegetarian diets are generally perceived in a positive light...
November 18, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869239/polish-mother-and-child-cohort-study-repro_pl-methodology-of-the-follow-up-of-the-children-at-the-age-of-7
#20
REVIEW
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, Anna Król, Adrianna Potocka, Małgorzata Waszkowska, Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Joanna Jerzyńska, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Iwona Stelmach
Effects of environmental exposures in utero and in the first years of life on early life health and development is a growing research area with major public health implications. The main aim of this work has been to provide an overview of the next step of the Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study (REPRO_PL) covering exposure, health and neurodevelopment assessments of children at 7 years of age. Details regarding methodology of the follow-up of the children are crucial for cross-cohort collaboration and a full understanding of the future research questions...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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