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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674984/rhythm-and-melody-tasks-for-school-aged-children-with-and-without-musical-training-age-equivalent-scores-and-reliability
#1
Kierla Ireland, Averil Parker, Nicholas Foster, Virginia Penhune
Measuring musical abilities in childhood can be challenging. When music training and maturation occur simultaneously, it is difficult to separate the effects of specific experience from age-based changes in cognitive and motor abilities. The goal of this study was to develop age-equivalent scores for two measures of musical ability that could be reliably used with school-aged children (7-13) with and without musical training. The children's Rhythm Synchronization Task (c-RST) and the children's Melody Discrimination Task (c-MDT) were adapted from adult tasks developed and used in our laboratories...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673403/parents-perspectives-of-change-in-child-physical-activity-screen-viewing-between-y1-5-6-y4-8-9-of-primary-school-implications-for-behaviour-change
#2
Russell Jago, Emma Solomon-Moore, Zoi Toumpakari, Deborah A Lawlor, Janice L Thompson, Simon J Sebire
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore parents' responses to changes in children's physical activity and screen-time between Year 1 (5-6 years) and Year 4 (8-9 years of age) of primary school. A secondary aim was to identify how parents adapt their parenting to rapidly changing screen-based technology. METHODS: Data were from the longitudinal B-Proact1v Study. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted between July and October 2016 with a sub-sample of 51 parents who participated in the study at Year 4...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673391/parenting-resilient-kids-park-an-online-parenting-program-to-prevent-anxiety-and-depression-problems-in-primary-school-aged-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Luwishennadige Madhawee N Fernando, Wan Hua Sim, Anthony F Jorm, Ron Rapee, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Preventive efforts targeting childhood anxiety and depression symptoms have the potential to alter the developmental trajectory of depression and anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Substantial previous research suggests that modifiable parenting factors such as parental aversiveness and over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety, depressive and internalising symptoms, indicating that parents can play a critical role in prevention. The Parenting Resilient Kids study is a new evidence-based online parenting program designed to prevent anxiety and depression problems in primary school-aged children by reducing family-based risk factors and enhancing protective factors through increased positive interactions between parent and child...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670668/association-of-maternal-and-fetal-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-metalloproteinase-mmp1-mmp2-mmp3-and-mmp9-genes-with-preeclampsia
#4
Agata Sakowicz, Michalina Lisowska, Lidia Biesiada, Magda Rybak-Krzyszkowska, Agnieszka Gach, Bartosz Sakowicz, Mariusz Grzesiak, Hubert Huras, Tadeusz Pietrucha
Background: Metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a pivotal role during the process of trophoblast invasion and placentation. The appearance of five functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the genes of the metalloproteinases most commonly implicated in the implantation process may influence the development of preeclampsia. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 86 mothers and 86 children after preeclampsia and 85 mothers and 85 children with uncomplicated pregnancies...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#5
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665761/expert-rater-agreement-and-inter-intrarater-reliability-for-the-furtado-gallagher-computerized-observational-movement-pattern-assessment-system
#6
Ovande Furtado, Jere D Gallagher
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) play a crucial role in a child's motor skill development, as their mastery is related to the acquisition and mastery of specialized sport skills and to a child's general health through the prevention of weight gain and increased level of physical activity. Thus, the accurate and reliable measurement of FMS is of related importance. This article presents the results of two studies intended to assess expert-rater agreement and inter-/intrarater scoring reliability in the administration of a new observational FMS instrument, the Furtado-Gallagher Computerized Observational Movement Pattern Assessment System (FG-COMPASS)...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664727/open-fit-domes-and-children-with-bilateral-high-frequency-sensorineural-hearing-loss-benefits-and-outcomes
#7
Patti M Johnstone, Kelly R Yeager, Marnie L Pomeroy, Nicole Hawk
BACKGROUND: Open-fit domes (OFDs) coupled with behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids were designed for adult listeners with moderate-to-severe bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (BHFL) with little to no concurrent loss in the lower frequencies. Adult research shows that BHFL degrades sound localization accuracy (SLA) and that BTE hearing aids with conventional earmolds (CEs) make matters worse. In contrast, research has shown that OFDs enhance spatial hearing percepts in adults with BHFL...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663647/novel-de-novo-pathogenic-variant-in-the-nr2f2-gene-in-a-boy-with-congenital-heart-defect-and-dysmorphic-features
#8
Jariya Upadia, Patrick R Gonzales, Nathaniel H Robin
The NR2F2 gene plays an important role in angiogenesis and heart development. Moreover, this gene is involved in organogenesis in many other organs in mouse models. Variants in this gene have been reported in a number of patients with nonsyndromic atrioventricular septal defect, and in one patient with congenital heart defect and dysmorphic features. Here we report an 11-month-old Caucasian male with global developmental delay, dysmorphic features, coarctation of the aorta, and ventricular septal defect. He was later found to have a pathogenic mutation in the NR2F2 gene by whole exome sequencing...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663621/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-young-children-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-in-rural-yunnan-china
#9
Jie Wu, Jing Li, Yan Li, Kek Khee Loo, Haixia Yang, Qiong Wang, Rufei Duan, Xia Xiao, Xiaoxiao Song, Siwei Yang, Lin Sun
BACKGROUND: Children born to HIV-infected mothers are at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Little is known about neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants and toddlers who were born to HIV-positive mothers but were not themselves infected by HIV, especially in poor rural areas. This study was conducted to compare developmental outcomes between young children who were HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) and their HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) peers in rural Yunnan, China. METHODS: A total of 250 HEU children aged 6-36 months and 250 HUU children matched on age, gender and residency were recruited from rural Yunnan, China...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662521/evaluating-training-programs-for-primary-care-providers-in-child-adolescent-mental-health-in-canada-a-systematic-review
#10
Sandra Gotovac, Stacey Espinet, Reza Naqvi, Lorelei Lingard, Margaret Steele
Introduction: The need for child/adolescent mental health care in Canada is growing. Primary care can play a key role in filling this gap, yet most providers feel they do not have adequate training. This paper reviews the Canadian literature on capacity building programs in child and adolescent psychiatry for primary care providers, to examine how these programs are being implemented and evaluated to contribute to evidence-based initiatives. Methods: A systematic literature review of peer-reviewed published articles of capacity building initiatives in child/adolescent mental health care for primary care practitioners that have been implemented in Canada...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662493/age-related-changes-in-the-natural-killer-cell-response-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-are-not-influenced-by-a-synbiotic-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Agnieszka Przemska-Kosicka, Caroline E Childs, Catherine Maidens, Honglin Dong, Susan Todd, Margot A Gosney, Kieran Michael Tuohy, Parveen Yaqoob
Natural killer (NK) cells are an important component of the immune response to influenza infection, but are subject to alteration during aging, which may play a role in impaired response to infection and vaccination in older people. Enhancement of NK cell activity could, therefore, present a means to improve the immune response to vaccination in older subjects, and pre- and probiotics offer an opportunity to modulate antiviral defenses via alteration of the gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of a novel probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum bv...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648852/dorothy-g-singer-1927-2016
#12
Tracey A Revenson
Presents an obituary of Dorothy G. Singer (1927-2016) who passed away on November 19, 2016, at Yale New Haven Hospital, at the age of 89. Singer was a professor, research scientist, consultant, child therapist, and author. As the author or coauthor of more than 25 books and 200 scientific and popular articles, Singer brought new insights to child development, particularly in the areas of imaginative play and the effects of TV on children. She was a tireless advocate for the power of play in children's lives...
April 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642891/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-legislation-in-canadian-childcare-facilities-an-update
#13
Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
BACKGROUND: Within the childcare sector, physical activity and sedentary behaviors are not legislated at a national level in Canada. Efforts have been undertaken to identify factors within childcare facilities which support and deter physical activity and sedentary behaviors. The purpose of this paper was to provide an amended review of the legislative landscape, at the provincial and territorial level, regarding physical activity and sedentary behaviors (via screen-viewing) in Canadian childcare centers...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626932/examining-the-challenges-posed-to-parents-by-the-contemporary-screen-environments-of-children-a-qualitative-investigation
#14
Emma Solomon-Moore, Joe Matthews, Thomas Reid, Zoi Toumpakari, Simon J Sebire, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: The ubiquity of technology in modern society has led to the American Academy of Pediatrics adapting their screen-viewing (SV) recommendations for children. The revised guidelines encourage families to identify an appropriate balance between SV and other activities. The aims of this study were to explore parents' views of their child's SV time and how important it is for families to achieve a 'digital balance'. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 51 parents of 8-9-year-old children, between July and October 2016...
April 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624934/saving-the-lives-of-women-newborns-and-children-a-formative-study-examining-opportunities-to-improve-reproductive-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-outcomes-in-nigeria
#15
Ejiro J Otive-Igbuzor, Theresa Kaka Effa, Emily Teitsworth, Rufaro Kangai, Chantal Hildebrand, Diana Lara, Denise Dunning
Despite economic growth in Nigeria, maternal and infant mortality rates remain among the highest in the world. Civil society organisations (CSOs) play a critical role in ensuring governmental accountability to fulfil commitments that improve health outcomes for women, newborns, and children. This formative study was undertaken to identify: a) policy advocacy priorities b) advocacy challenges, and, c) opportunities for strategic advocacy. Methods consisted of a desk review of key reproductive, maternal, neonatal, child and adolescent health (RMNCAH) policies, surveys with CSOs working on RMNCAH, and key informants from non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and United Nations agencies...
September 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624576/quantification-of-pathogenic-leptospira-in-the-soils-of-a-brazilian-urban-slum
#16
Andrew G Schneider, Arnau Casanovas-Massana, Kathryn P Hacker, Elsio A Wunder, Mike Begon, Mitermayer G Reis, James E Childs, Federico Costa, Janet C Lindow, Albert I Ko
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease that causes considerable morbidity and mortality globally, primarily in residents of urban slums. While contact with contaminated water plays a critical role in the transmission of leptospirosis, little is known about the distribution and abundance of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in soil and the potential contribution of this source to human infection. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We collected soil samples (n = 70) from three sites within an urban slum community endemic for leptospirosis in Salvador, Brazil...
April 6, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624211/influence-of-maternal-negative-emotion-reactivity-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-child-anxiety-disorder
#17
Nava Wald, Tal Carthy, Vered Shenaar-Golan, Yael Tadmor-Zisman, Maayan Ziskind
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood. Two underlying contributors to child anxiety disorders (ADs) are negative emotional hyper-reactivity and deficits in reappraisal, a cognitive strategy of emotion regulation. Given that emotion regulation develops in the context of parent-child interaction, the aim of this study was to fill a research gap regarding the association between maternal negative emotional reactivity (NER) and reappraisal and child anxiety by examining (a) whether mothers of children with ADs display abnormalities in emotional reactivity and reappraisal compared to mothers of children without ADs; (b) whether maternal NER and reappraisal are associated with child anxiety; and (c) whether maternal reactivity and reappraisal significantly explain the variance in the level of child anxiety beyond the level of maternal anxiety...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623542/parenting-stress-plays-a-mediating-role-in-the-prediction-of-early-child-development-from-both-parents-perinatal-depressive-symptoms
#18
Eivor Fredriksen, Tilmann von Soest, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Maternal postnatal depression has been associated with a broad range of developmental risk among children. However, there has been less focus on disentangling the effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms, as well as examining the symptoms of both parents. This study aims to investigate the separate effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms in mothers and fathers, and parents' differential effects on child social-emotional, cognitive, and language development at 18 months of age. Further, we investigate whether effects of depressive symptomatology on child outcomes are particularly strong when both parents evinced high symptom loads and whether parenting stress mediates associations between perinatal depressive symptoms and child developmental outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623498/the-function-of-play-for-coping-and-therapy-with-children-exposed-to-disasters-and-political-violence
#19
REVIEW
Esther Cohen, Reuma Gadassi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives were to identify specific characteristics and patterns of children's play following events of political violence or disasters, examine their associations with risk and resilience, and explore their implications for preventive and therapeutic intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Patterns of individual, dyadic, and social play are associated with measures of children's adaptation following collective traumatic events. Modifying the traditional child-centered play therapy, by integrating CBT principles or including parents, may increase efficacy...
April 5, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623450/the-role-of-non-invasive-testing-in-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-pediatric-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#20
REVIEW
Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The symptoms of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) including urinary incontinence, frequency, and urgency are among the most common reasons children are referred to pediatric urologists. Despite this, the workup for LUTD is often time consuming and a source of frustration for patients, parents, and clinicians alike. In the current review, we summarize the important role non-invasive testing plays in the diagnosis and management of children with LUTD and to show how use of these tests can help avoid the need for more invasive testing in the majority of children...
April 6, 2018: Current Urology Reports
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