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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040503/the-role-of-early-life-growth-development-the-fto-gene-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-child-bmi-trajectories
#1
Yan Yan Wu, Stephen Lye, Laurent Briollais
Background: Recent studies have implicated the FTO gene in child and adult obesity. A longer duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EXBF) has been shown to reduce body mass index (BMI) and the risk of being overweight in the general population and among FTO gene carriers. However, it remains unclear whether the preventive effect of EXBF could be explained by its impact on early life growth development, e.g. ages at adiposity peak (AP) and adiposity rebound (AR) and BMI velocities in the first years of life, which are major determinants of overweight and obesity later in life...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#2
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034499/early-interaction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-mothers-and-children-s-behaviours-during-joint-engagement
#3
A Kaale, L Smith, A Nordahl-Hansen, M W Fargerland, C Kasari
BACKGROUND: More knowledge about the interaction between young children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents is one way to improve intervention. This study aims to investigate the behaviours of mothers and children with autism spectrum disorder during joint engagement, with a focus on pacing or rate (i.e., incidences per minute) of their behaviours when being in this state. METHOD: Video recordings of 10 min of free-play between 58 children (2-4 years) diagnosed with childhood autism and their mothers were used to examine rate of mothers' and children's behaviours (i...
October 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033885/emotions-and-steroid-secretion-in-aging-men-a-multi-study-report
#4
Andreas Walther, Patricia Waldvogel, Emilou Noser, Jessica Ruppen, Ulrike Ehlert
Although aging increases the risk of cognitive and socioemotional deterioration, it has also been shown to be accompanied by an increase in experienced positive emotions and a decrease in negative emotions. Steroid hormones and age-related alterations in secretion patterns have been suggested to play a crucial role in these age-related changes in emotional experience. Importantly, previous studies identified effects of neuroactive hormones on age-related alterations in emotional experience, which vary by sex and depression levels...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032632/linking-agriculture-and-nutrition-education-to-improve-infant-and-young-child-feeding-lessons-for-future-programmes
#5
Ellen Muehlhoff, Ramani Wijesinha-Bettoni, Elizabeth Westaway, Theresa Jeremias, Stacia Nordin, Julia Garz
Agriculture and food systems play a central role in nutrition by supplying nutritious, healthy and affordable foods. When integrated with nutrition education for behaviour change, agricultural interventions that supply diverse affordable foods from all food groups have great scope for improving young child and family diets. In 2014, process reviews were conducted in Cambodia and Malawi of food security projects that provided agricultural support and community-based nutrition education on improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF)...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032625/the-potential-role-of-micronutrient-powders-to-improve-complementary-feeding-practices
#6
Kendra Siekmans, France Bégin, Ruth Situma, Roland Kupka
Micronutrient powder (MNP) interventions are often integrated within infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes to improve micronutrient intake from complementary foods. This review aims to describe country experiences with MNP interventions and their impact on IYCF practices and develop a framework for how MNP may strengthen complementary feeding practices. A literature review and key informant interviews were used to gather data on complementary feeding practices in MNP programme design, implementation, and evaluation...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032226/maternal-depressive-symptoms-linked-to-reduced-fecal-immunoglobulin-a-concentrations-in-infants
#7
Liane J Kang, Petya T Koleva, Catherine J Field, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Eytan Wine, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) plays a critical role to infant gut mucosal immunity. Delayed IgA production is associated with greater risk of allergic disease. Murine models of stressful events during pregnancy and infancy show alterations in gut immunity and microbial composition in offspring, but little is known about the stress-microbiome-immunity pathways in humans. We investigated differences in infant fecal sIgA concentrations according to the presence of maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy...
October 11, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031888/below-the-surface-parents-views-on-the-factors-that-influence-treatment-adherence-in-paediatric-burn-scar-management-a-qualitative-study
#8
Nicole Andrews, Laura L Jones, Naiem Moiemen, Melanie Calvert, Philip Kinghorn, Ian Litchfield, Jonathan Bishop, Jonathan J Deeks, Jonathan Mathers
INTRODUCTION: Parents have a crucial role to play in burn scar management for their children at a time that is extremely stressful for them and their child. Scar management treatments such as pressure garment therapy (PGT) require high levels of adherence. There has been a lack of research into the factors that may influence adherence in paediatric burn scar management. This qualitative research study has investigated parents' experiences of scar management and their attempts to adhere to treatment at home...
October 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031283/multipathway-quantitative-assessment-of-exposure-to-fecal-contamination-for-young-children-in-low-income-urban-environments-in-accra-ghana-the-sanipath-analytical-approach
#9
Yuke Wang, Christine L Moe, Clair Null, Suraja J Raj, Kelly K Baker, Katharine A Robb, Habib Yakubu, Joseph A Ampofo, Nii Wellington, Matthew C Freeman, George Armah, Heather E Reese, Dorothy Peprah, Peter F M Teunis
Lack of adequate sanitation results in fecal contamination of the environment and poses a risk of disease transmission via multiple exposure pathways. To better understand how eight different sources contribute to overall exposure to fecal contamination, we quantified exposure through multiple pathways for children under 5 years old in four high-density, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. We collected more than 500 hours of structured observation of behaviors of 156 children, 800 household surveys, and 1,855 environmental samples...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030808/child-overweight-and-obesity-in-shanghai-china-contextualizing-chinese-socioeconomic-and-gender-differences
#10
Melissa L Martinson, Yu-Ling Chang, Wen-Jui Han, Jun Wen
PURPOSE: Childhood overweight and obesity is on the rise in China and in Chinese cities in particular. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of income differences in childhood overweight in Shanghai, China, and examine demographic, social, and behavioral explanations for these differences. METHODS: Using the 2014 Child Well-Being Study of Shanghai, China-a survey that included extensive contextual information on children and their families in China's most populous city, prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios of child overweight and obesity at age 7 were calculated by income tercile controlling for a wide variety of sociodemographic variables...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028536/attitudes-mediate-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-corporal-punishment-in-china
#11
Fang Wang, Meifang Wang, Xiaopei Xing
This research aimed to examine the intergenerational transmission of corporal punishment and the role of parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment in the transmission processes in Chinese societies. Based on social-cognitive theory, it was hypothesized that parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment would mediate the transmission of corporal punishment. Seven hundred and eighty-five fathers and eight hundred and eleven mothers with elementary school-age children (data collected in winter 2009) were recruited through convenience sampling techniques...
October 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027660/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-parenting-stress-and-child-physiological-anxiety-during-dark-enhanced-startle
#12
Minhnguyen Cao, Abigail Powers, Dorthie Cross, Bekh Bradley, Tanja Jovanovic
Maternal emotion dysregulation (ED) plays a crucial role in the development of psychopathology in children. The current study aimed to investigate parenting stress as a mediator of the relationship between maternal emotion dysregulation and child startle potentiation, with child sex as a moderator. Mothers were interviewed to obtain self-report of maternal ED and parenting stress and child's dark-enhanced startle (DES) response was measured using electromyographic recordings of the eye-blink muscle during the delivery of acoustic probes...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#13
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025695/exploring-the-potential-of-a-wearable-camera-to-examine-the-early-obesogenic-home-environment-comparison-of-sensecam-images-to-the-home-environment-interview
#14
Stephanie Schrempft, Cornelia Hm van Jaarsveld, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: The obesogenic home environment is usually examined via self-report, and objective measures are required. OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether the wearable camera SenseCam can be used to examine the early obesogenic home environment and whether it is useful for validation of self-report measures. METHODS: A total of 15 primary caregivers of young children (mean age of child 4 years) completed the Home Environment Interview (HEI)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025614/outcome-of-distal-tibia-physeal-fractures-a-review-of-cases-as-related-to-risk-factors
#15
Fabio D'Angelo, Giuseppe Solarino, Davide Tanas, Alessia Zani, Paolo Cherubino, Biagio Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The physeal fractures represent the 20-30% of all fractures of the child. The distal tibial physis is the third most frequently injured. The most important complication is the premature physeal closure (PPC). Aim of this study is to evaluate risk factors that can influence the outcome like fracture pattern, fracture displacement, mechanism of injury and treatment method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The records of 46 patients treated for distal tibia physeal fractures between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025070/interdisciplinary-family-conferences-to-improve-patient-experience-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
Jennifer A Trujillo, Yesenia Fernandez, Lyla Ghafoori, Kristina Lok, Arwin Valencia
Parents play a significant role in the development of their neonate. They can affect the length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and are seen as an integral part of the team. Parents are often put in positions where difficult decision making is required of them in the care of their critically ill child. Studies suggest that one way to improve the family's experience and to encourage their involvement is by establishing a formal and focused family conference. Therefore, the NICU social workers and the interdisciplinary team collaborated to formulate strategies to improve communication that would enhance current practice...
September 15, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022848/the-theory-and-art-of-child-psychotherapy-a-corrective-developmental-approach
#17
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021945/an-evaluation-of-instructive-feedback-to-teach-play-behavior-to-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Laura L Grow, Tiffany Kodak, Andrea Clements
Instructive feedback is used to expose learners to secondary targets during skill acquisition programs (Reichow & Wolery, in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 327-340, 2011; Werts, Wolery, Gast, & Holcombe, in Journal of Behavioral Education, 5, 55-75, 1995). Although unrelated feedback may have clinical utility in practice, very little research has evaluated unrelated instructive feedback, particularly for promoting play behavior (Colozzi, Ward, & Crotty, in Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43, 226-248, 2008)...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017905/evaluation-of-a-pilot-sensory-play-intervention-to-increase-fruit-acceptance-in-preschool-children
#19
H Coulthard, I Williamson, Z Palfreyman, S Lyttle
Recent research has found an association between dislike of messy play and higher levels of food neophobia in children. The aim of the present study was to pilot and assess a five week intervention with preschool children, to examine whether engagement in tactile sensory tasks leads to increased fruit acceptance. Interventions were carried out to examine whether weekly sessions of sensory play combined with fruit exposure, would increase acceptance and enjoyment of fruits to a greater extent than two non-sensory play conditions featuring fruit exposure or normal play activities alone...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992713/household-resources-as-determinants-of-child-mortality-in-ghana
#20
Jerry John Nutor, Janice F Bell, Jaime C Slaughter-Acey, Jill G Joseph, Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano, Mary Lou de Leon Siantz
INTRODUCTION: Although the association between child mortality and socioeconomic status is well established, the role of household assets as predictors of child mortality, over and above other measures of socioeconomic status, is not well studied in developing nations. This study investigated the contribution of several household resources to child mortality, beyond the influence of maternal education as a measure of socioeconomic status. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from the 2007 Ghana Maternal Health Survey to explore the relationship of child mortality to household resources...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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