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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343240/childhood-angular-kyphosis-a-plea-for-involvement-of-the-pediatric-neurosurgeon
#1
E Cornips, S Koudijs, J Vles, L van Rhijn
INTRODUCTION: Childhood angular kyphosis is rare, as most children are affected by a mixed kyphotic and scoliotic deformity. Published series involving a mix of kyphosis and kyphoscoliosis, pediatric and adult, congenital and acquired cases are almost exclusively authored by orthopedic surgeons, suggesting that (pediatric) neurosurgeons are not involved. CASE SERIES: We present five cases that illustrate the spectrum of angular kyphosis, and these were treated by a multidisciplinary team including child neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, and pediatric neurosurgeon as complementary partners...
March 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333965/worm-infestations-and-development-of-autoimmunity-in-children-the-abis-study
#2
Johnny Ludvigsson, Michael P Jones, Åshild Faresjö
Worm infestations influence the immune system and may therefore decrease the risk for autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether children who have developed autoimmune disease were less likely to have had worm infestations in childhood. The ABIS-study is a prospective population-based cohort study of children born in southeast Sweden 1997/99. 17.055 children participated. As of June 2014 116 individuals had developed Type 1 diabetes, 181 celiac disease, and 53 Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#3
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333526/learning-higher-order-generalizations-through-free-play-evidence-from-2-and-3-year-old-children
#4
Zi L Sim, Fei Xu
Constructivist views of cognitive development often converge on 2 key points: (a) the child's goal is to build large conceptual structures for understanding the world, and (b) the child plays an active role in developing these structures. While previous research has demonstrated that young children show a precocious capacity for concept and theory building when they are provided with helpful data within training settings, and that they explore their environment in ways that may promote learning, it remains an open question whether young children are able to build larger conceptual structures using self-generated evidence, a form of active learning...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333301/preconception-maternal-lipoprotein-levels-in-relation-to-fecundability
#5
Sarah J Pugh, Enrique F Schisterman, Richard W Browne, Anne M Lynch, Sunni L Mumford, Neil J Perkins, Robert Silver, Lindsey Sjaarda, Joseph B Stanford, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Brian Wilcox, Katherine L Grantz
STUDY QUESTION: Are maternal preconception lipid levels associated with fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Fecundability was reduced for all abnormal female lipid levels including total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total triglyceride levels. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Subfecundity affects 7-15% of the population and lipid disorders are hypothesized to play a role since cholesterol acts as a substrate for the synthesis of steroid hormones...
March 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332408/trauma-and-autobiographical-memory-contents-and-determinants-of-earliest-memories-among-war-affected-palestinian-children
#6
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
The contents of earliest memories (EM), as part of autobiographical memory, continue to fascinate scientists and therapists. However, research is scarce on the determinants of EM, especially among children. This study aims, first, to identify contents of EM of children living in war conditions, and, second, to analyse child gender, traumatic events and mental health as determinants of the contents of EM. The participants were 240 Palestinian schoolchildren from the Gaza Strip (10-12 years, M = 11.35, SD = 0...
March 23, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331499/qualitative-reflections-casa-s-trauma-and-attachment-group-tag-program-for-youth-who-have-experienced-early-developmental-trauma
#7
Chandra K Ashton, Anna O'Brien-Langer, Karin Olson, Peter H Silverstone
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrated previously that the Trauma and Attachment Group (TAG) program for youth in middle childhood significantly improved caregiver/child attachment relationships, reduced children's symptoms of attachment trauma, and increased the caregiver's ability for self-reflection. Here we examine the perspectives of both those administering and those taking part in this intensive dyad-based group intervention. METHODS: Utilizing an ethnographic design we collected and analyzed qualitative data obtained through a focus group and interviews with program facilitators, as well as interviews with participating caregivers...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329079/sleep-duration-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-chinese-school-aged-children-do-adipokines-play-a-mediating-role
#8
Lujiao Li, Junling Fu, Xin Ting Yu, Ge Li, Lu Xu, Jinghua Yin, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Shan Gao, Wenhui Li, Changhong Li, Struan F A Grant, Mingyao Li, Yi Xiao, Jie Mi, Ming Li
Objective: To assess the associations between sleep duration and cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese school-aged children and to explore the possible mediating role of adipokines. Methods: Sleep duration was collected in 3,166 children from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study. Glucose homeostasis and other cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed. Serum adipokines including leptin, total and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, resistin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) were determined...
March 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327087/nt5c2-novel-splicing-variant-expands-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-spastic-paraplegia-spg45-case-report-of-a-new-member-of-thin-corpus-callosum-spg-subgroup
#9
Mahmoud F Elsaid, Khalid Ibrahim, Nader Chalhoub, Ahmed Elsotouhy, Noora El Mudehki, Alice Abdel Aleem
BACKGROUND: Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases. Thin Corpus Callosum (TCC) associated HSP is a distinguished subgroup of complex forms. Purines and pyrimidine, the basic DNA and RNA components, are regulating the cell metabolism, having roles in signal transduction, energy preservation and cellular repair. Genetic defects in nucleotide metabolism related genes have been only recently implicated in brain and neurodegenerative diseases' pathogenesis...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#10
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324224/elective-caesarean-section-on-maternal-request-in-germany-factors-affecting-decision-making-concerning-mode-of-delivery
#11
Paul Philipp Stützer, Sebastian Berlit, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Marc Sütterlin, Benjamin Tuschy
PURPOSE: To investigate sociopsychological factors of women undergoing a caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Twenty-eight women who underwent CSMR and 29 women with vaginal delivery (VD) filled in standardized questionnaires concerning psychological burden (SCL-R 90), fear of childbirth (W-DEQ, STAI), personality structure (HEXACO-Pi-R) and social support (F-SozU) as well as one questionnaire assessing potential factors influencing their mode of delivery...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323555/influence-of-dopamine-related-genes-on-neurobehavioral-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury-during-early-childhood
#12
Amery Treble-Barna, Shari L Wade, Lisa J Martin, Valentina Pilipenko, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Brad G Kurowski
The present study examined the association of dopamine-related genes with short- and long-term neurobehavioral recovery, as well as neurobehavioral recovery trajectories over time, in children who had sustained early childhood traumatic brain injuries (TBI) relative to children who had sustained orthopedic injuries (OI). Participants were recruited from a prospective, longitudinal study evaluating outcomes of children who sustained a TBI (n = 68) or OI (n = 72) between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Parents completed ratings of child executive function and behavior at the immediate post-acute period (0-3 months after injury); 6, 12, and 18 months after injury; and an average of 3...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321706/evaluation-of-a-statewide-dissemination-and-implementation-of-physical-activity-intervention-in-afterschool-programs-a-nonrandomized-trial
#13
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Ruth P Saunders, Collin A Webster, Justin B Moore, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler
In 2015, YMCA-operated afterschool programs (ASPs) across South Carolina pledged to achieve the national standard that calls for every child to accumulate 30 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during program time. This study shares the first-year findings related to the dissemination, implementation, and outcomes associated with the statewide intervention to achieve the MVPA Standard. Twenty ASPs were sampled from all YMCA-operated ASPs (N = 97) and visited at baseline (spring 2015) and first-year follow-up (spring 2016)...
March 20, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320431/barriers-to-uptake-of-early-infant-hiv-testing-in-zambia-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-disclosure-within-couples
#14
Karen M Hampanda, Abigail M Nimz, Lisa L Abuogi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pediatric HIV through uptake of infant HIV testing is critical for access to treatment and child survival. While structural barriers have been well described, a greater understanding of social and behavioral factors that may relate to maternal uptake of early infant HIV testing services is urgently needed. The aim of this study was to explore how gender power dynamics within couples affect HIV-positive women's uptake of early infant HIV testing at a large health center in Lusaka, Zambia...
March 21, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320073/a-model-linking-video-gaming-sleep-quality-sweet-drinks-consumption-and-obesity-among-children-and-youth
#15
O Turel, A Romashkin, K M Morrison
There is a growing need to curb paediatric obesity. The aim of this study is to untangle associations between video-game-use attributes and obesity as a first step towards identifying and examining possible interventions. Cross-sectional time-lagged cohort study was employed using parent-child surveys (t1) and objective physical activity and physiological measures (t2) from 125 children/adolescents (mean age = 13.06, 9-17-year-olds) who play video games, recruited from two clinics at a Canadian academic children's hospital...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319300/children-s-mouthing-of-soil-contaminated-objects-is-associated-with-environmental-enteropathy
#16
Tomohiko Morita, Jamie Perin, Lauren Oldja, Shwapon Biswas, R Bradley Sack, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, Nurul Amin Bhuiyan, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Mahmuda Akter, Kaisar A Talukder, Shahnaij Mohammad, Abu G Faruque, Christine Marie George
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between children's mouthing behaviors, diarrhea, and environmental enteropathy. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 216 children ≤ 30 months of age in rural Bangladesh. Mouthing contacts with soil and food and objects with visible soil was measured by five-hour structured observation. Stool was analyzed for four fecal markers of intestinal inflammation: alpha-1-antitrypsin, myeloperoxidase, neopterin, and calprotectin...
March 20, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316911/electronic-media-time-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-children-findings-from-the-built-environment-and-active-play-study-in-the-washington-dc-area
#17
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brandon Knight, Brian E Saelens
An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play (BEAP) Study was to examine whether home built environment, bedroom electronic presence, parental rules and demographics predicted children's sedentary behavior (SB). In 2014, BEAP Study questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children (7-12 years) within the Washington DC area. SB-Duration (hours/day) and SB-Frequency (days/week) were assessed by two questions with multiple subparts relating to SB activity type (e.g. car riding) and SB companionship (e...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#18
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315547/how-can-i-change-my-patients-treatment-decision-making-by-becoming-a-nurse-scientist-%C3%A2
#19
Tamryn F Gray
"What would you do?" I have heard this question numerous times throughout my nursing career by patients and families affected by cancer. As a pediatric blood and marrow transplantation nurse, I have often seen patients and their families wrestle with difficult treatment decisions. I have witnessed parents struggle between beginning end-of-life care for their child, or pursuing a risky but potentially life-saving clinical trial. With science driving advances in cancer treatments and patients playing more active roles in their care, uncertainty around cancer treatment decisions will only become more complicated...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303678/schooling-diabetes-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-and-remote-monitors-in-the-home-and-school-settings
#20
Christine Erie, Michelle A Van Name, Kate Weyman, Stuart A Weinzimer, Jennifer Finnegan, Kristin Sikes, William V Tamborlane, Jennifer L Sherr
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in type 1 diabetes (T1D) management, achieving targeted glycemic control in pediatric patients remains a struggle. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) with remote access holds the promise to address this challenge by allowing caregivers to monitor glucose, even when the child is not directly under their supervision. OBJECTIVE: To explore real-time and remote CGM practices in homes and schools, including caregiver expectations regarding this technology...
March 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
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