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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433876/maternal-responsivity-to-infants-in-the-high-chair-assessment-longitudinal-relations-with-toddler-outcomes-in-a-diverse-low-income-sample
#1
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey Weston, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Lisa J Berlin, Ranga Atapattu
Infant-parent interactions occur across many situations, yet most home-based assessments of parenting behaviors are conducted under conditions of low stress, such as free play. In this study, low-income mothers from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project were observed at home interacting with their 14-month-olds in the mildly stressful "High Chair" assessment (n=1718 dyads). This methodological study tested whether High Chair maternal responsiveness and detachment predicted later toddler cognitive and emotion outcomes, over and above equivalent maternal predictors during free play...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431547/the-effectiveness-of-asking-behaviors-among-9-11-year-old-children-in-increasing-home-availability-and-children-s-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetables-results-from-the-squire-s-quest-ii-self-regulation-game-intervention
#2
Ann DeSmet, Yan Liu, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Tom Baranowski, Debbe Thompson
BACKGROUND: Home environment has an important influence on children's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, but children may in turn also impact their home FV environment, e.g. by asking for FV. The Squire's Quest II serious game intervention aimed to increase asking behaviors to improve home FV availability and children's FV intake. This study's aims were to assess: 1) did asking behaviors at baseline predict home FV availability at baseline (T0) (RQ1); 2) were asking behaviors and home FV availability influenced by the intervention (RQ2); 3) did increases in asking behaviors predict increased home FV availability (RQ3); and 4) did increases in asking behaviors and increases in home FV availability mediate increases in FV intake among children (RQ4)? METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a study using a randomized controlled trial, with 4 groups (each n = 100 child-parent dyads)...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431365/attitudes-towards-people-with-epilepsy-in-moscow
#3
Alla Guekht, Anna Gersamiya, Igor Kaimovskiy, Maria Mizinova, Alexander Yakovlev, Alexander Shpak
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge and attitudes in Moscow towards people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: Data were collected from 1167 adults, permanent residents of Moscow, who were interviewed. A 10-item questionnaire was used addressing three major domains: familiarity with epilepsy (2 questions), understanding of epilepsy (5 questions), and attitude towards the PWE (3 questions). Results were standardized to the Moscow population. RESULTS: The study population was generally well informed about epilepsy...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424104/assessing-the-impact-of-conversational-overlap-in-content-on-child-language-growth
#4
Elizabeth S Che, Patricia J Brooks, Maria F Alarcon, Francis D Yannaco, Seamus Donnelly
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and vocabulary diversity over time. We analyzed the New England longitudinal corpus from the CHILDES database, comprising transcripts of mother-child conversations at 14, 20, and 32 months, using the CHIP command to compute proportions of utterances with overlapping content...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422619/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-i-student-identification-and-evaluation
#5
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Robin A Shannon
Every U.S. student is entitled to a free and appropriate education. School districts must identify and evaluate any child who they find is unable to engage fully in learning as a participant in the general education curriculum. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 requires that these students be assessed by qualified individuals in any areas that may be impacting learning, including health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, communicative status, and motor abilities. The school nurse, as the health expert, has an important role to play as a member of the special education team in evaluating whether a student has health concerns that are impacting learning and how health barriers to learning might be reduced...
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422083/nasopharyngeal-carriage-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-among-children-under-five-in-southwest-ethiopia
#6
Tiglu Gebre, Mulualem Tadesse, Dossegnaw Aragaw, Dagne Feye, Habtamu Bedimo Beyene, Dinberu Seyoum, Mekidim Mekonnen
Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae is found to play an important role in the development and transmission of pneumococcal diseases. In this study, we assessed the nasopharyngeal carriage, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated risk factors of S. pneumoniae among children under five. A total of 361 children under five attending the outpatient department of Shanan Gibe Hospital in Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia were enrolled from June to September 2014. Nasopharyngeal specimens were collected using sterile plastic applicator rayon tipped swab and inoculated on tryptone soy agar supplemented with 5% sheep blood and 5 µg/mL gentamycin...
April 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421025/the-use-of-lausanne-trilogue-play-in-three-cases-of-gastroschisis-diagnosed-during-pregnancy
#7
Sandra Pellizzoni, Antonella Tripani, Marina Miscioscia, Rosella Giuliani, Andrea Clarici
From pregnancy to the 1st years of a child's life, families develop and increase representations and interactive competences toward the child. Prenatal diagnosis of a severe fetus' defect could profoundly alter the parental perception and development of these representations. The aim of the study was to evaluate triadic interactions in families, whose baby was prenatally diagnosed with severe gastroschisis. Three families took part in the preliminary case study, which was carried out when the babies were 6 months old...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420394/influence-maternal-background-has-on-children-s-mental-health
#8
Elena Arroyo-Borrell, Gemma Renart, Carme Saurina, Marc Saez
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we aim to discern how a mother's health and her socioeconomic determinants may influence her children's mental health. In addition to this, we also evaluate the influence of other household characteristics and whether or not the economic downturn has heightened the effect a parent's social gradient has on their children's mental health. METHODS: We use samples comprised of 4-14-year-old minors from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), undertaken prior to the crisis, and the 2011 SNHS, carried out during the crisis...
April 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414957/emotion-socialization-and-child-conduct-problems-a-comprehensive-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Ameika M Johnson, David J Hawes, Nancy Eisenberg, Jane Kohlhoff, Joanne Dudeney
Decades of research have emphasized the role that coercive and ineffective discipline plays in shaping child and adolescent conduct problems, yet an emerging body of evidence has suggested that parents' emotion socialization behaviors (ESBs) (e.g., reactions to emotions, discussion of emotions, and emotion coaching) may also be implicated. This meta-analysis examined concurrent and longitudinal associations between parental ESBs and conduct problems, and tested for moderators of these associations. A systematic search identified 49 studies for which data on concurrent associations between ESBs and conduct problems were available (n=6270), and 14 studies reporting on prospective associations (n=1899)...
April 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414546/behavioral-parent-training-in-infancy-what-about-the-parent-infant-relationship
#10
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#11
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414000/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-toddler-behavior-problems-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress
#12
M Ann Easterbrooks, Molly K Crossman, Alessandra Caruso, Maryna Raskin, Claudia Miranda-Julian
Maternal mind-mindedness (MM) reflects a caregiver's tendency to view a child as an individual with an independent mind. Research has linked higher MM with more favorable parenting and child adaptation. The aim of this study was to examine whether MM was associated with toddlers' behavior problems and competence, and the moderating role of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample (N = 212) of adolescent mothers and their toddlers. MM was coded from maternal utterances during free play; mothers completed the University of California at Los Angeles Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and reported on children's behavior problems and competence using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412891/service-receipt-and-mental-disorders-in-child-welfare-and-mental-health-systems-in-los-angeles-county
#13
Amy S He, Dorian E Traube, Kim C Brimhall, Caroline Lim, Greg Lecklitner, Adrienne Olson
OBJECTIVE: Use of administrative data from child welfare (CW) and mental health systems in Los Angeles County provided a unique opportunity to more closely examine mental health needs of children dually served by these systems. This study examined the presence of mental disorders and correlates of receipt of mental health services by diagnostic classification in this population. METHODS: Data were obtained for 3,191 children receiving services from Los Angeles County's Department of Children and Family Services and Department of Mental Health (DMH) between July 2011 and July 2012...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412477/impact-of-major-life-events-on-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-a-case-fatality-study-on-8000-breast-cancer-patients
#14
Sanna Heikkinen, Joonas Miettinen, Eero Pukkala, Markku Koskenvuo, Nea Malila, Janne Pitkäniemi
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that long-term activation of the body's stress-response system and subsequent overexposure to stress hormones may be associated with increased morbidity. However, evidence on the impact of major life events on mortality from breast cancer (BC) remains inconclusive. The main aim of this study is to investigate whether major negatively or positively experienced life events before or after diagnosis have an effect on BC-specific mortality in women who have survived with BC for at least 2 years...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410828/early-onset-symptomatic-neuropathy-in-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Obeid Mohammad Shafi, Muzamil Latief
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a major complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). It is usually subclinical in childhood, but can cause significant impairment with its progression through to adulthood. Current guidelines vary in their recommendation regarding screening for DN in children with T1DM, with some advocating starting screening 5 years after the diagnosis of T1DM. Clinical assessment comprising of history and neurological examination is the most commonly used method for screening, though Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) provide better sensitivity in picking up early subclinical diabetic neuropathy...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410793/paediatric-head-imaging-decisions-are-not-child-s-play
#16
William R Mower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#17
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408466/-best-interests-in-paediatric-intensive-care-an-empirical-ethics-study
#18
Giles Birchley, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Zuzana Deans, James Fraser, Richard Huxtable
OBJECTIVE: In English paediatric practice, English law requires that parents and clinicians agree the 'best interests' of children and, if this is not possible, that the courts decide. Court intervention is rare and the concept of best interests is ambiguous. We report qualitative research exploring how the best interests standard operates in practice, particularly with decisions related to planned non-treatment. We discuss results in the light of accounts of best interests in the medical ethics literature...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407535/exploring-parental-behavior-and-child-interactive-engagement-a-study-on-children-with-a-significant-cognitive-and-motor-developmental-delay
#19
Ines Van Keer, Stephy Colla, Karla Van Leeuwen, Carla Vlaskamp, Eva Ceulemans, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Annemie Desoete, Bea Maes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parenting factors are one of the most striking gaps in the current scientific literature on the development of young children with significant cognitive and motor disabilities. We aim to explore the characteristics of, and the association between, parental behavior and children's interactive engagement within this target group. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-five parent-child dyads (with children aged 6-59 months) were video-taped during a 15-min unstructured play situation...
April 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407108/realizing-the-promise-of-the-partnership-for-maternal-newborn-and-child-health
#20
Hareya Fassil, John Borrazzo, Richard Greene, Troy Jacobs, Maureen Norton, Mary Ellen Stanton, Nana Taona Kuo, K Rogers, Luwei Pearson, Ted Chaiban, Anshu Banerjee, Shyama Kuruvilla, Marta Seaone, Ann Starrs, Betsy McCallon, Stefan Germann, Anshu Mohan, Flavia Bustreo, Helga Fogstad, C K Mishra
Reflecting on Storeng and Béhague ("Lives in the balance": the politics of integration in the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. Health Policy and Planning Storeng and Béhague (2016).) historical ethnography of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH), this commentary provides a more current account of PMNCH's trajectory since its inception in 2005. It highlights PMNCH's distinct characteristics and how it is positioned to play an instrumental role in the current global health landscape...
April 12, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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