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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244208/parent-child-interactions-during-traditional-and-interactive-media-settings-a-pilot-randomized-control-study
#1
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Stian Lydersen, Lars Wichstrøm
Parent-child interactions are pivotal for children's socioemotional development, yet might suffer with increased attention to screen media, as research has suggested. In response, we hypothesized that parent-child play on a tablet computer, as representative of interactive media, would generate higher-quality parent-child interactions than toy play or watching TV. We examined the emotional availability of mothers and their 2-year-old child during the previous three contexts using a randomized crossover design (n = 22) in a laboratory room...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244104/-if-it-s-issues-to-do-with-nutrition%C3%A2-i-can-decide%C3%A2-gendered-decision-making-in-joining-community-based-child-nutrition-interventions-within-rural-coastal-kenya
#2
Kelly W Muraya, Caroline Jones, James A Berkley, Sassy Molyneux
Gender roles and relations play an important role in child health and nutritional status. While there is increasing recognition of the need to incorporate gender analysis in health planning and programme development, there has been relatively little attention paid to the gendered nature of child nutrition interventions. This qualitative study undertaken in rural Coastal Kenya aimed to explore the interaction between household gender relations and a community-based child nutrition programme, with a focus on household decision-making dynamics related to joining the intervention...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242807/parents-and-child-s-concussion-history-as-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-concussion-recognition-and-response
#3
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Cassie B Ford, Richelle M Williams, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Background: Parents' knowledge of and attitudes toward concussions are often vital factors that affect care for injured adolescent athletes. It is important to understand the role that parents' personal experiences with concussions play with regard to current concussion knowledge and attitudes so that clinicians may tailor their educational approaches. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine an association between parents' personal experiences and their child's experiences with concussions as well as parental concussion knowledge and attitudes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242790/surgical-retrieval-of-an-impaled-tapestry-needle-from-the-true-pelvic-cavity-of-a-child-an-unusual-case-report
#4
Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Rakesh John, Himanshu Kanwat, Pebam Sudesh
Introduction: Impalement injuries of pelvis have been reported in children but are uncommon. Impalement could be associated with injuries to deep organs, wound contamination, crush injuries, and in certain instances, can even be fatal. Case Report: We present a bizarre case of a 2-year-old female child who presented to us with a tapestry needle embedded in the true pelvic cavity after a history of fall on the buttock while playing at home. The impaled needle was eventually successfully extracted surgically using the modified Stoppa's approach and the post-operative period was uneventful...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237149/association-of-antibodies-to-citrullinated-protein-antigens-with-blood-pressure-in-first-degree-relatives-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-the-studies-of-the-etiology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Jan M Hughes-Austin, Ryan W Gan, Kevin D Deane, Michael H Weisman, M Kristen Demoruelle, Jeremy Sokolove, William H Robinson, V Michael Holers, Jill M Norris, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than in the general population. It is unknown whether hypertension is due to RA-related medications or the disease itself. Therefore, we sought to investigate associations between RA-related autoantibodies, specifically antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPA) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in first-degree relatives of RA patients, who were free of RA and RA-related medications...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235684/on-becoming-able-to-play-individual-child-psychoanalytic-psychodrama-and-the-development-of-symbolization
#6
Luca Quagelli, Paola Solano
In this paper, the authors analyze the relevance and transformative potential of individual psychoanalytic psychodrama in the treatment of children with severe impairments in symbolization. Central features of this modality, including promoting the representation of early traumatic experiences, are presented and discussed. Specific features include double-envelope containment of the co-therapists' group and play leader, consequent diffraction of the transference-determining portrayal, gradual integration, and initial figuration of coexisting split-off fragments...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#7
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235132/mitochondrial-donation-patient-engagement-and-narratives-of-hope
#8
Cathy Herbrand, Rebecca Dimond
This article develops the sociology of hope and patient engagement by exploring how patients' perceptions and actions are shaped by narratives of hope surrounding the clinical introduction of novel reproductive techniques. In 2015, after extensive public debates, the UK became the first country to legalise a mitochondrial donation technique aimed at preventing the transmission of inherited disorders. The article draws on the accounts of twenty-two women of reproductive age who are at risk of having a child with mitochondrial disease and would be the potential target of the technique...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234932/emotion-coregulation-processes-between-mothers-and-their-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-children-s-maladaptive-behaviors
#9
Valentina Valentovich, Wendy A Goldberg, Dana Rose Garfin, Yuqing Guo
A dyadic microanalysis approach was used to examine emotion coregulation processes in mother-child interactions in relation to children's maladaptive behaviors. Seventy-two mother-child dyads (46 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); 26 neurotypical children) were previously videotaped in a semi-structured play procedure at home and mothers reported on children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Mother-child interactions were reliably coded in 5-second intervals and analyzed using Space State Grid software...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233428/training-student-pharmacists-to-administer-emergency-pediatric-influenza-vaccine-a-comparison-of-traditional-vs-just-in-time-training
#10
Colleen M Terriff, Kimberly McKeirnan
INTRODUCTION: This study compared traditional training (TT) and just-in-time training (JITT) of P3 student pharmacists regarding interest, confidence, and comfort pre- and post-training (primary objective); and assessment and administration competency (secondary objective) during a simulated influenza vaccination clinic. METHODS: Student pharmacists were randomized 1:1 to receive either TT or JITT, completed pre- and post-training surveys assessing interest, confidence and comfort; and evaluated on performance during a simulated emergency infant vaccination...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233114/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-non-communicable-diseases-among-village-health-teams-in-eastern-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L Hawley, Mayur M Desai, Ann R Akiteng, David Guwatudde, Jeremy I Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; however, their skills could potentially be utilized in national efforts to reduce the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We sought to assess the knowledge of, and attitudes toward NCDs and NCD care among VHTs in Uganda as a step toward identifying their potential role in community NCD prevention and management...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231187/-emergency-medical-technician-profile-in-spain
#12
Santiago Martínez-Isasi, María José Rodríguez-Lorenzo, David Vázquez-Santamariña, Javier Abella-Lorenzo, Diana Josefa Castro Dios, Daniel Fernández García
OBJECTIVE: The emergency medical technician plays a fundamental role and is the most important figure quantitatively in pre-hospital emergencies. The aim was to asses the socio-demographic, work-related, health characteristics and technical skills of an Emergency Medical Technician in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. An ad hoc questionnaire was managed using Google Docs® that was delivered between April-June 2014 via email and social networks...
December 11, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225142/ethical-concerns-regarding-animal-use-mediate-the-relationship-between-variety-of-pets-owned-in-childhood-and-vegetarianism-in-adulthood
#13
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#14
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223775/association-between-prenatal-bisphenol-a-and-phthalate-exposures-and-fetal-metabolic-related-biomarkers-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#15
Machiko Minatoya, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Yu Ait Bamai, Sachiko Itoh, Jun Yamamoto, Yu Onoda, Kazuki Ogasawara, Toru Matsumura, Reiko Kishi
Bisphenol A and phthalates are widely detected in human urine, blood, breast milk, and amniotic fluid. Both bisphenol A and phthalates have been suggested as playing a role in obesity epidemics. Exposure to these chemicals during fetal development, and its consequences should be concerning because they can cross the placenta. Thus, this study aimed to assess the association between prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates, and cord blood metabolic-related biomarkers. Maternal serum was used during the first trimester, to determine prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#16
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223619/differential-effects-of-hepatic-cirrhosis-on-the-intrinsic-clearances-of-sorafenib-and-imatinib-by-cyps-in-human-liver
#17
Michael Murray, Tina B Gillani, Sussan Ghassabian, Robert J Edwards, Tristan Rawling
The tyrosine kinase inhibitors sorafenib and imatinib are important in the treatment of a range of cancers but adverse effects in some patients necessitate dosage modifications. CYP3A4 has a major role in the oxidation of sorafenib to its N-oxide and N-hydroxymethyl metabolites and also acts in concert with CYP2C8 to mediate imatinib N-demethylation. CYP3A4 expression and function are impaired in patients with advanced liver disease, whereas the functions of CYP2C enzymes are relatively preserved. We evaluated the biotransformation of sorafenib and imatinib in well-characterized microsomal fractions from 17 control subjects and 19 individuals with hepatic cirrhosis of varying severity...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221482/rejection-acceptance-and-the-spectrum-between-understanding-male-attitudes-and-experiences-towards-conflict-related-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#18
Jocelyn Kelly, Katherine Albutt, Justin Kabanga, Kimberley Anderson, Michael VanRooyen
BACKGROUND: Female survivors of sexual violence in conflict experience not only physical and psychological sequelae from the event itself, but often many negative social outcomes, such as rejection and ostracisation from their families and community. Male relatives - whether husbands, fathers, brothers - play a key role in determining how the family and community respond to a survivor of sexual violence. Understanding these perspectives could help improve services for survivors of sexual violence, as well as their families and communities...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221423/assess-identify-make-it-happen-aim-for-preschools-a-tool-to-decrease-early-childhood-obesity
#19
Charlotte V Farewell, Jini E Puma, Jamie Powers, Elaine S Belansky
Early childhood obesity is at epidemic proportions and is a major risk factor for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Since the majority of preschoolers are placed in center-based care, best practice policy, system, and environment (PSE) changes in early child care settings plays an important role in defining early development of obesogenic behaviors. However, implementation of best practice PSE changes is often a challenge in low resource settings due to staff turnover, time constraints, cultural beliefs, and lack of health-related knowledge...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219104/adherence-to-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-social-cognitive-development-among-australian-preschool-children
#20
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart A Vella, Steven J Howard, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: The new Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years recommend that, for preschoolers, a healthy 24-h includes: i) ≥180 min of physical activity, including ≥60 min of energetic play, ii) ≤1 h of sedentary screen time, and iii) 10-13 h of good quality sleep. Using an Australian sample, this study reports the proportion of preschool children meeting these guidelines and investigates associations with social-cognitive development. METHODS: Data from 248 preschool children (mean age = 4...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
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