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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641060/effective-preventive-interventions-to-support-parents-of-young-children-illustrations-from-the-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-and-sensitive-discipline-vipp-sd
#1
Femmie Juffer, Estelle Struis, Claudia Werner, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Secure attachment relationships are essential for children's current and later development. From attachment theory and research, it can be derived that sensitive parenting is the key to positive parent-child relationships. Is it possible to design effective interventions to enhance sensitive parenting? In this article, we review elements that are crucial for effective attachment-based interventions, and we proceed with illustrations from the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD)...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#2
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634495/choking-hazards-are-current-product-testing-methods-for-small-parts-adequate
#3
Athena Neofotistos, Nancy Cowles, Ragini Sharma
Choking on small parts remains one of the leading causes of death and injury in infants and toddlers. The current method of testing for small parts, created by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), has become outdated and has yet to be changed despite the many deaths and injuries of children. The method uses a device called the small parts test fixture (SPTF) that is supposed to mimic the size of a fully expanded throat of a toddler. If a product does not fit inside the cavity of the SPTF, then it is deemed safe to play with because it "will not fit" in the esophagus of a child...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631134/budd-chiari-syndrome-outcomes-of-endovascular-intervention-a-single-center-experience
#4
Nitin Jagtap, Mithun Sharma, Jagdeesh Singh, Manu Tandan, P N Rao, Rajesh Gupta, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, Harshal Shah, T Mahesh Kumar, Santosh Darishetty, G V Rao, D N Reddy
AIM: Outcomes of endovascular intervention in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) have been reported with varied results. Clinical outcomes of endovascular interventions in BCS and role of various prognostic scores were critically evaluated in this study. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients of BCS who underwent endovascular intervention between January 2007 and May 2016 at our center. Technical, clinical successes and complications were documented...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#5
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628386/comparison-of-path-length-and-ranges-of-movement-of-the-center-of-pressure-and-reaction-time-and-between-paired-play-and-solo-play-of-a-virtual-reality-game
#6
Sigal Portnoy, Ayelet Hersch, Tal Sofer, Sarit Tresser
AIMS: To test whether paired-play will induce longer path length and ranges of movement of the center of pressure (COP), which reflects on balance performance and stability, compared to solo-play and to test the difference in the path length and ranges of movement of the COP while playing the virtual reality (VR) game with the dominant hand compared to playing it with the nondominant hand. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 20 children (age 6.1 ± 0.7 years old) played an arm movement controlled VR game alone and with a peer while each of them stood on a pressure measuring pad to track the path length and ranges of movement of the COP...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628376/becoming-a-mother-perspectives-and-experiences-of-young-women-in-a-south-african-township
#7
Nompilo Mjwara, Pranitha Maharaj
There has been growing interest in the high levels of pregnancy among young women in South Africa. This study aimed to explore a range of perspectives and experiences of early motherhood among young women in a township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This was done using in-depth interviews from a small sample of young mothers aged 18-24 years. All the young mothers reported that they had had their first child while still at school. None of them had intended or planned to have a child, and were therefore not ready for motherhood...
June 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622777/-iron-and-neurodevelopment
#8
L Vallée
In the central nervous system, iron is a cofactor of many metabolic processes and synthesis of aminergic neurotransmitters. Iron plays an major function on brain development from the prenatal period to teenage years. The blood-brain barrier modulates concentration of iron in the brain. In case of iron deficiency in the child, the negative impact on the myelinogenesis and synaptogenesis are well proven, with negative effects on psychomotor and cognitive functions. Iron supplementation has a beneficial effect, even if there is no anemia...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#9
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618072/to-break-the-weight-gain-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-school-nurses-working-with-overweight-children-in-elementary-school
#10
Stina Thorstensson, Carola Blomgren, Annelie J Sundler, Margaretha Larsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This article describes the experiences of school nurses working with overweight school children. BACKGROUND: School nurses play an important role in health promotion of overweight children. Lifestyle changes and interventions to address being overweight can improve health outcomes and decrease the risk for future health problems. DESIGN: A descriptive and qualitative design with a phenomenological approach was used. Data were gathered through interviews with school nurses working with overweight school children in Swedish elementary school; the data were subsequently analysed for meanings...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616766/-knowledge-and-information-sources-of-parents-of-3%C3%A2-to-6%C3%A2-year-old-children-concerning-skin-cancer-risk-factors
#11
Wolfgang Uter, Cornelia Fießler, Olaf Gefeller, Annette Pfahlberg
BACKGROUND: The dissemination of knowledge on risk factors and preventive strategies is a core element of skin cancer prevention. However, little is known about the information channels utilised by the population for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: Descriptive analysis of information sources used by parents of 3‑ to 6‑year-old children as a particularly relevant target group and analysis of association patterns between socio-demographic factors, types of information sources and acquired knowledge...
June 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615372/preconception-micronutrient-supplementation-with-iron-and-folic-acid-compared-with-folic-acid-alone-affects-linear-growth-and-fine-motor-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#12
Phuong H Nguyen, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa F Young, Truong Viet Truong, Hue Hoang, Huong Nguyen, Son Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Background: Maternal health and nutrition play a crucial role in early child growth and development. However, little is known about the benefits of preconception micronutrient interventions beyond the role of folic acid (FA) and neural tube defects.Objective: We evaluated the impact of weekly preconception multiple micronutrient (MM) or iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation on child growth and development through the age of 2 y compared with FA alone.Methods: We followed 1599 offspring born to women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of preconception supplementation in Vietnam...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615050/conceptualizing-physical-activity-parenting-practices-using-expert-informed-concept-mapping-analysis
#13
Louise C Mâsse, Teresia M O'Connor, Andrew W Tu, Sheryl O Hughes, Mark R Beauchamp, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Parents are widely recognized as playing a central role in the development of child behaviors such as physical activity. As there is little agreement as to the dimensions of physical activity-related parenting practices that should be measured or how they should be operationalized, this study engaged experts to develop an integrated conceptual framework for assessing parenting practices that influence multiple aspects of 5 to 12 year old children's participation in physical activity...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613270/a-socio-ecological-examination-of-weight-related-characteristics-of-the-home-environment-and-lifestyles-of-households-with-young-children
#14
Virginia Quick, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
Home environment and family lifestyle practices have an influence on child obesity risk, thereby making it critical to systematically examine these factors. Thus, parents (n = 489) of preschool children completed a cross-sectional online survey which was the baseline data collection conducted, before randomization, in the HomeStyles program. The survey comprehensively assessed these factors using a socio-ecological approach, incorporating intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental measures. Healthy intrapersonal dietary behaviors identified were parent and child intakes of recommended amounts of 100% juice and low intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612364/successful-treatment-with-placenta-derived-decidual-stromal-cells-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-life-threatening-acute-gastrointestinal-graft-versus-host-disease
#15
Britt Gustafsson, Per Frisk, Attilla Szakos, Behnam Sadeghi, Olle Ringdén, Britt-Marie Frost
Severe aGvHD is a life-threatening complication after allogeneic HSCT. The GI tract is considered to play a key role in aGvHD, where the disease process can start and is one of the major target organs. Here, we present a case of a one-year-old child with a life-threatening GI-aGvHD stage IV, post-HSCT, resistant to steroids and MMF for 4 weeks. He was successfully treated with placenta-derived DSC.
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610830/mutual-regulation-between-infant-facial-affect-and-maternal-touch-in-depressed-and-nondepressed-dyads
#16
Ida Egmose, Katharina Cordes, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Simo Køppe
The ability to regulate affect is important for later adaptive child development. In the first months of life, infants have limited resources for regulating their own affects (e.g. by gaze aversion), and for this reason they are dependent on external affect regulation from their parents. Previous research suggests that touch is an important means through which parents regulate their infants' affects. Also, previous research has shown that post-partum depressed (PPD) mothers and nonclinical mothers differ in their touching behaviors when interacting with their infants...
June 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610590/a-continuous-quality-improvement-intervention-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-community-health-workers-providing-care-to-mothers-and-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-south-africa
#17
Christiane Horwood, Lisa Butler, Pierre Barker, Sifiso Phakathi, Lyn Haskins, Merridy Grant, Ntokozo Mntambo, Nigel Rollins
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) play key roles in delivering health programmes in many countries worldwide. CHW programmes can improve coverage of maternal and child health services for the most disadvantaged and remote communities, leading to substantial benefits for mothers and children. However, there is limited evidence of effective mentoring and supervision approaches for CHWs. METHODS: This is a cluster randomised controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous quality improvement (CQI) intervention amongst CHWs providing home-based education and support to pregnant women and mothers...
June 13, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607905/understanding-potential-uptake-of-a-proposed-mhealth-program-to-support-caregiver-home-management-of-childhood-illness-in-a-resource-poor-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#18
Tirza Areli Calderón, Holly Martin, Kathryn Volpicelli, Rosemary Frasso, Elsa Cecilia Díaz Arroyo, Ernesto Gozzer, Alison M Buttenheim
BACKGROUND: Extensive uptake of mobile phones offers an unprecedented opportunity to improve global healthcare delivery, especially among underserved populations. Mobile health (mHealth) has been increasingly recognized as a promising approach to addressing challenges in global maternal-child health and may play an important role in accelerating progress towards improved outcomes. However, more evidence guiding development of mHealth interventions is needed. The current study explores factors that may support or hinder adoption and use of a proposed mHealth intervention to improve caregiver home management of common childhood illnesses in order to shape program development...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606747/hot-tea-and-tiny-tots-don-t-mix-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-hot-beverage-scalds
#19
J D Burgess, R M Kimble, K A Watt, C M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Hot beverage scalds are a leading cause of burns in young children. The aim of this study was to look at the circumstances surrounding these injuries in terms of setting, mechanism, supervision and first aid to inform a prevention campaign. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was delivered via iPad to parents and caregivers presenting with a child aged 0-36 months with a hot beverage scald at a major paediatric burns centre. RESULTS: Of the 101 children aged 0-36 months that presented with a hot beverage scald over a 12-month period, 54 participants were included...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604252/surrogate-mother-praiseworthy-or-stigmatized-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-surrogacy-in-assam-india
#20
Anna Arvidsson, Polly Vauquline, Sara Johnsdotter, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Surrogacy is a reproductive practice that has been strongly marketed in India as a solution for childless couples. As a result, the number of surrogacy clinics is increasing. Meanwhile, a global discourse on surrogacy, originating from a Western perspective, has characterized surrogacy as being exploitative of women in low-income settings, where poverty drives them to become surrogate mothers. OBJECTIVE: This study explored perspectives on surrogacy from men and women in Assam, an Indian state known to be a low-income setting...
2017: Global Health Action
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