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"Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627094/-spectrum-of-hepatitis-b-and-renal-involvement
#1
Apurva S Shah, Deepak N Amarapurkar
Renal involvement in hepatitis B occurs in various spectrums and its knowledge is important for clinicians in management of patients. The renal diseases most commonly associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection include membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and Polyarteritis nodosa. The widespread use of hepatitis B vaccination has decreased the incidence of HBV-related renal diseases. The incidence of HBV infection in dialysis patients has significantly decreased over the past few decades due to screening of blood products for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B core antibody, implementation of infection control measures and hepatitis B vaccination...
June 19, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626447/autoimmune-thyroiditis-and-glomerulopathies
#2
REVIEW
Domenico Santoro, Carmela Vadalà, Rossella Siligato, Michele Buemi, Salvatore Benvenga
Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is generally associated with hypothyroidism. It affects ~2% of the female population and 0.2% of the male population. The evidence of thyroid function- and thyroid autoantibody-unrelated microproteinuria in almost half of patients with AIT and sometimes heavy proteinuria as in the nephrotic syndrome point to a link of AIT with renal disease. The most common renal diseases observed in AIT are membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, minimal change disease, IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) vasculitis, and amyloidosis...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612667/all-that-glitters-yellow-is-not-gold-presentation-and-pathophysiology-of-bile-cast-nephropathy
#3
Mitchell Pitlick, Prerna Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) often manifests in patients with liver disease because of a prerenal cause and presents as acute tubular necrosis or hepatorenal syndrome. Distinguishing between these entities is important for prognosis and treatment. Some patients may develop AKI related to their underlying liver disease: for example, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis or IgA nephropathy. Bile cast nephropathy is an often ignored differential diagnosis of AKI in the setting of obstructive jaundice...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579587/direct-acting-antiviral-agents-improved-nephrotic-syndrome-associated-with-refractory-pleural-effusion-and-ascites-caused-by-hepatitis-c-virus-related-nephropathy-a-case-report
#4
Masatoshi Yamato, Kuniaki Arai, Hajime Takatori, Tetsuro Shimakami, Taro Yamashita, Yoshio Sakai, Tatsuya Yamashita, Eishiro Mizukoshi, Masao Honda, Shuichi Kaneko
A 74-year-old man with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis was admitted because of dyspnea. Laboratory investigations revealed severe proteinuria (4.0g/day), low serum albumin level, and cryoglobulinemia. Computed tomography showed massive pleural effusion and ascites. Because these effusions were leaky and the hepatic reserve was relatively intact, we thought these were mainly caused by nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy revealed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with mesangial proliferation and excessive matrix deposition...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573137/rituximab-for-treatment-of-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-and-c3-glomerulopathies
#5
REVIEW
Michael Rudnicki
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is a histological pattern of injury resulting from predominantly subendothelial and mesangial deposition of immunoglobulins or complement factors with subsequent inflammation and proliferation particularly of the glomerular basement membrane. Recent classification of MPGN is based on pathogenesis dividing MPGN into immunoglobulin-associated MPGN and complement-mediated C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD). Current guidelines suggest treatment with steroids, cytotoxic agents with or without plasmapheresis only for subjects with progressive disease, that is, nephrotic range proteinuria and decline of renal function...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566604/unusual-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-in-a-patient-diagnosed-to-have-hypoparathyroidism-sensorineural-deafness-and-renal-dysplasia-hdr-syndrome-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-gata3-gene
#6
Michitsugu Kamezaki, Tetsuro Kusaba, Takaomi Adachi, Noriyuki Yamashita, Mayumi Nakata, Noriyoshi Ota, Yayoi Shiotsu, Mami Ishida, Takeshi Usui, Keiichi Tamagaki
Hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal dysplasia (HDR) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by GATA3 mutations. Although several cases with variable renal features have been reported, the presence of histological changes within the glomeruli in adult patients is unclear. We herein report an adult case of HDR syndrome with a novel p.C288W (TGC>TGG) missense mutation in GATA3. His renal histology showed a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like glomerular lesion. Additional renal histological analyses of HDR syndrome patients will be needed to clarify the role of GATA3 in both the developing and adult kidney...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509128/a-case-of-rapid-amelioration-of-hepatitis-c-virus-associated-cryoglobulinemic-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-treated-by-interferon-free-directly-acting-antivirals-for-hcv-in-the-absence-of-immunosuppressant
#7
Fumiaki Obata, Taichi Murakami, Junko Miyagi, Sayo Ueda, Taizo Inagaki, Masanori Minato, Hiroyuki Ono, Kenji Nishimura, Eriko Shibata, Masanori Tamaki, Sakiya Yoshimoto, Fumi Kishi, Seiji Kishi, Motokazu Matsuura, Kojiro Nagai, Hideharu Abe, Toshio Doi
Mixed cryoglobulinemic syndrome, which is a systemic vasculitis characterized by the immune complex deposition in small- and medium-sized arteries and most often due to chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, sometimes clinically manifests as refractory glomerulonephritis or nephritic syndrome. Patients with mixed cryoglobulinemic nephropathy who have a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis should receive immunosuppressive therapy. After disease stabilization, patients should receive concurrent therapy for the underlying HCV infection...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508962/proteinuria-rebound-in-iga-nephropathy-associated-with-obesity-related-glomerulopathy
#8
Hiro Matsukura, Masako Sakakibara, Izumi Sakamoto, Miho Tatematsu
IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most prevalent primary chronic glomerulonephritis worldwide, has three major risk factors: hypertension, proteinuria >1 g/day, and severe renal lesions. Obesity also portends a poor prognosis. A Japanese boy with IgAN showed nephrotic syndrome at presentation. Pathological features resembled those of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), although IgA deposition differed from MPGN and IgAN. Combination therapy improved renal lesions, but rebound deterioration of proteinuria occurred in this patient, who had marked obesity and hypertension...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507447/managing-refractory-cryoglobulinemic-vasculitis-challenges-and-solutions
#9
REVIEW
Predrag Ostojic, Ivan R Jeremic
Cryoglobulinemia is thought to be a rare condition. It may be an isolated disorder or secondary to a particular disease. According to immunoglobulin composition, cryoglobulinemia is classified into three types. In mixed cryoglobulinemia (types II and III), vascular deposition of cryoglobulin-containing immune complexes and complement may induce a clinical syndrome, characterized by systemic vasculitis and inflammation - cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas). Most common clinical manifestations in CryoVas are skin lesions (orthostatic purpura and ulcers), weakness, peripheral neuropathy, Raynaud's phenomenon, sicca syndrome, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and arthralgia and seldom arthritis...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356063/daclatasvir-asunaprevir-based-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-ameliorate-hepatitis-c-virus-associated-cryoglobulinemic-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report
#10
Michiko Shimada, Norio Nakamura, Tetsu Endo, Hideaki Yamabe, Masayuki Nakamura, Reiichi Murakami, Ikuyo Narita, Hirofumi Tomita
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) dramatically improve the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. However, the effects of DAAs on extra-hepatic manifestations such as HCV-associated glomerulonephritis, especially in cases with renal dysfunction, are not well elucidated. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed as having chronic hepatitis C, genotype 1b at the age of 55. She presented with hypertension, microscopic hematuria, proteinuria, renal dysfunction, purpura, and arthralgia at the age of 61...
March 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355401/schistosoma-mansoni-associated-glomerulopathy-with-iga-mesangial-deposits-case-report
#11
Fabiana Oliveira Gonçalves, Tânia Maria de Souza Fontes, Ana Paula Pereira Santana Lemes Canuto
INTRODUCTION: Renal involvement is a severe form of schistosomiasis and occurs in 10% to 15% of patients with the hepatosplenic form of the disease. Nephrotic syndrome is the most common clinical presentation. It is a complication caused by immune complexes (IC), it is rare to appear in the Brazilian context with a immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposits. When installed the renal injury by Schistosoma mansoni, classically presents as membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (mesangiocapillary) with lobular accentuation...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355399/comparative-analysis-of-primary-and-secondary-glomerulopathies-in-the-northeast-of-brazil-data-from-the-pernambuco-registry-of-glomerulopathies-repeg
#12
Denise Maria do Nascimento Costa, Lucila Maria Valente, Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia, Filipe Wanick Sarinho, Gisele Vajgel Fernandes, Maria Alina Gomes de Mattos Cavalcante, Camila Barbosa Lyra de Oliveira, Carolina de Andrade Jordão de Vasconcelos, Emanuel Sávio Cavalcante Sarinho
INTRODUCTION: In Brazil, glomerulopathies are the third leading cause of chronic renal disease, accounting for 11% of dialysis patients. Studies on the prevalence of this disease in Northeastern Brazil are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the findings of biopsies and to conduct a comparative analysis on the clinical laboratory presentation of primary glomerulopathies (PG) and secondary glomerulopathies (SG). METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at two public teaching hospitals in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352022/analysis-of-renal-diseases-detected-in-renal-biopsies-of-adult-patients-a-single-center-experience
#13
Salman Imtiaz, Murtaza F Drohlia, Kiran Nasir, Beena Salman, Aasim Ahmad
Renal biopsy is crucial while evaluating for the diagnosis of glomerular, vascular, tubulointerstitial, and genetic diseases. It gives vital information which helps in estimating the disease prognosis, progression, and management. This is the retrospective analysis of all adult patients aged above 18 years, who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy at The Kidney Center Post Graduate Training Institute, Karachi, over a duration of 18 years, i.e., January 1, 1996, to December 2013. Renal graft biopsies and those which were inadequate were excluded from analysis...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352020/profile-of-glomerular-diseases-associated-with-hepatitis-b-and-c-a-single-center-experience-from-india
#14
Nishad Raveendran, Pankaj Beniwal, Amith Vijay Leon D'Souza, Rajendra Singh Tanwar, Piyush Kimmatkar, Dhananjai Agarwal, Vinay Malhotra
Hepatitis B and C are known to affect kidneys in a number of ways. Glomerular diseases associated with hepatitis B and C include membranous nephropathy (MN), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, rarely amyloidosis, and fibrillary and immunotactoid glomerulopathy. In a retrospective analysis of kidney biopsy of 534 patients, we found 16 (2.9%) patients of hepatitis B and 11 (2.05%) patients of hepatitis C with glomerular disease. The most common form of glomerulonephritis in hepatitis B patient was MN and in hepatitis C patient was MPGN...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351190/hepatosplenic-t-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis
#15
Shuo-Chieh Wu, Jennifer R Chapman, Francisco Vega, Neil Abrahams, Izidore S Lossos, Juan Pablo Alderuccio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341889/complement-regulation-and-kidney-diseases-recent-knowledge-of-the-double-edged-roles-of-complement-activation-in-nephrology
#16
REVIEW
Masashi Mizuno, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Yasuhiko Ito
The complement activation system plays important roles to maintain homeostasis in the host and to fight foreign invaders to protect the host. Therefore, the complement system is considered a core part of innate immunity which also cross-talks to acquired immunity. In the history of nephrology, the complement system is familiar to us, because complement protein or fragment deposition, including C3, C4, C1q, and/or C4d, is routinely estimated by immunohistochemistry to diagnose renal pathologies. The relationships between pathological mechanisms and complement activation have been investigated for renal diseases such as post-infectious glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, and primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, which are usually accompanied by hypocomplementemia...
March 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317619/membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-in-pregnancy
#17
Devika Nair, Laura Kidd, N Kevin Krane
BACKGROUND: Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is an uncommon form of glomerulonephritis and it can be particularly difficult to predict outcomes and manage women with this disorder during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The management of 3 successful pregnancies in women with MPGN from 1 center and previously described cases from the world literature are reviewed. This includes a number of large studies of pregnancy in women with underlying glomerular disease as well as small case series and individual reports...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299015/endogenous-nocardial-endophthalmitis-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-a-serious-warning-of-an-underlying-life-threatening-and-blinding-disorder
#18
Hemant Trehan, Jaya Kaushik, Vaibhav Kumar Jain, Jitendra Kumar Singh Parihar, Abhijit Avasthi
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral endogenous nocardial endophthalmitis with central nervous system involvement in an immunocompromised individual with an extremely poor outcome. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old man with a history of long-term, prescribed oral steroid use for membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis presented with profound bilateral vision loss. Patient's diagnosis of bilateral endogenous nocardial endophthalmitis was delayed. Nocardia was finally isolated from a brain biopsy after a repeat magnetic resonance imaging revealed a brain abscess...
January 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291506/immunotactoid-glomerulopathy-leading-to-the-discovery-of-poems-syndrome%C3%A2
#19
Carole Philipponnet, Jean-Louis Kemeny, Cyril Garrouste, Martin Soubrier, Anne-Elisabeth Heng
Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) can manifest in many different ways depending on the nature of the immunoglobulin and its physicochemical properties. MGRS can lead to the discovery of a hematological malignancy. We report the case of a 32-year-old female patient who underwent renal biopsy on account of an impure nephrotic syndrome associated with immunoglobulin (Ig)G κ monoclonal gammopathy. Histological analysis revealed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with IgG, IgM, κ, λ, and C3 deposits...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260442/nephrotic-syndrome-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-outcomes-in-iran
#20
Fereshteh Saddadi, Ali Alidadi, Monir Hakemi, Babak Bahar
OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant have an elevated incidence of acute renal failure. However, the incidence of nephritic syndrome due to graft-versus-host disease is growing and is independently associated with chronic renal disease after this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to examine the risk of chronic kidney disease in glomerulopathy patients following hematopoietic stem cell transplant with a follow-up of 10 years...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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