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anogenital warts children

P Schneede, B Schlenker
Anogenital warts are the most frequently sexually transmitted disease caused by viral infections worldwide. People's lifetime risk to suffer from this disease or HPV-associated precancers counts to more than 10%. The therapy and the recurrence rates of both disorders continue to be challenging in Germany because the coverage rate of the preventive HPV vaccination is still insufficient. This underlines the importance of a recently passed interdisciplinary German guideline on anogenital HPV lesions. This article summarizes the main aspects of the new guideline...
April 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Miguel Costa-Silva, Inês Fernandes, Acácio Gonçalves Rodrigues, Carmen Lisboa
The approach to children with anogenital warts in the context of sexual abuse is a challenge in clinical practice. This study aims to review the current knowledge of anogenital warts in children, the forms of transmission, and the association with sexual abuse and to propose a cross-sectional approach involving all medical specialties. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in Portuguese and English from January 2000 to June 2016 using the ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases. Children aged 12 years or younger were included...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Tomohiro Katsuta, Yusuke Miyaji, Paul A Offit, Kristen A Feemster
Although juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) generally involves a benign tumor on the larynx and other respiratory tract areas, almost all patients with this disease require repeated surgical intervention (to prevent airway obstruction during the course of illness) and various adjuvant therapies such as interferon, cidofovir, acyclovir, ribavirin, indole-3-carbinol, HspE7, mumps vaccine, photodynamic therapy, propranolol, cimetidine, and bevacizumab. Some case reports recently described the effectiveness of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4) as an adjuvant therapy...
November 24, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Connie D Cao, Lena Merjanian, Joelle Pierre, Adrian Balica
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) cause a variety of clinical manifestations in children including skin warts, laryngeal papillomas, and condyloma acuminatum. Whereas the mode of transmission is well understood and management of HPV infection is clearly defined by guidelines in adults, less is known about the mode of transmission, natural history of disease, and appropriate management of high-risk anogenital HPV infections in children. CASE: The patient is a previously healthy 6-year-old female who presented with multiple vaginal lesions causing pain and discomfort and was diagnosed with HPV 18 positive CIN I...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Filip Rob, Kateřina Jůzlová, Zuzana Sečníková, Anna Jiráková, Jana Hercogová
Treatment of anogenital warts was successful in an 11-year-old child with sinecatechins ointment 10%. After application for 10 weeks, the warts completely disappeared, without recurrence during a 12-week follow-up. Treatment was well tolerated, without notable side effects. Sinecatechins appear to be a reasonable treatment for anogenital warts in children who have difficulty tolerating painful destructive therapy.
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Rodrigo Suárez-Ibarrola, Alexander Heinze, Fabian Sánchez-Sagástegui, Atziri Negrin-Ramírez, Roberto Aguilar-Anzures, Luis Xochihua-Diaz, Juan Osvaldo Cuevas-Alpuche
Condyloma acuminata is caused by the proliferation of squamous epithelial cells in the presence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. There are several treatment options available for anogenital warts, however, none have proven to be more efficacious. We present the case of a 3 year-8 months-old male, diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, who presented with multiple warts in the anogenital region. Lesions were treated with imiquimod 5%, electrosurgical resection and interferon α-2b...
July 2016: Urology Case Reports
P Gerlero, Á Hernández-Martín
Warts are among the most common skin infections in children. Although numerous treatment options are available, none are completely effective in a single session. Treatment is particularly complicated in children, not only because certain treatments are poorly tolerated, but also because parents frequently have unrealistic expectations. In this article, we offer an update on the treatments available for warts, focusing specifically on pediatric patients. We do not discuss treatments for oral and anogenital warts...
September 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Zoon Wangu, Katherine K Hsu
Human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection in the US and worldwide, can cause cancers, anogenital warts (AGW), and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) in men, women, and children. Global incidence of AGW ranges from 160-289 cases per 100,000 person-years and peaks in young men and women in the third decade of life. RRP has an estimated incidence of 3 per 1 million person-years in children. Pre-licensure trial efficacy, modeling and time-trend ecological studies have shown a significant short-term impact of 4vHPV vaccine...
June 2, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Margaret Kingston, Denise Smurthwaite, Sarah Dixon, Catherine White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Michael Herdman, Christopher K Hoyle, Victoria Coles, Stuart Carroll, Nancy Devlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in pediatric populations with vaccine-preventable infectious diseases in high-income Western countries. METHODS: Systematic review of PRO use in populations younger than 18 years with any of 17 infectious diseases for which vaccines are available or in development. The search was limited to studies performed in Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand and published between January 1, 1990, and July 31, 2013...
January 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Meltem Dinleyici, Nurhan Saracoglu, Makbule Eren, Ömer Kiliç, Evrim Ciftci, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Cigdem Sag, Ates Kara
Anogenital warts related to human papillomavirus (HPV) have been observed in children. Definition of the transmission mode, therapy, and follow-up for long term potential complications is important. A 27-month old girl was admitted with multiple pedunculated red-purple colored cauliflower-like lesions of 1.5 years duration. Clinical/histopathological and microbiological diagnosis was condyloma acuminate due to HPV type 16. After 12 weeks of imiquimod 5% cream application (pea-sized) overnight three times per week, the perianal warts had completely disappeared...
December 3, 2015: Dermatology Reports
Karen E Rogstad, Dawn Wilkinson, Angela Robinson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review considers recent evidence on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as a marker of child sexual abuse (CSA), when diagnosed after the neonatal period. It also aims to identify if there are specific areas where additional research is required. RECENT FINDINGS: An evidence-based systematic review using strict inclusion criteria shows that CSA is a major cause of STIs in children. In children 12 years and below, 36-83% of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and 75-94% of Chlamydia trachomatis infections are due to CSA; for children 14 years and younger, 31-58% of anogenital warts are due to CSA...
February 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Müzeyyen Gönül, Emine Unal, Ayşegül Yalçınkaya Iyidal, Seray Çakmak, Arzu Kılıç, Ulker Gul, Pinar Doner
INTRODUCTION: Viral warts are common skin condition caused by the human papilloma virus. AIM: To determine the clinical features of warts and therapeutic approaches to warts and compare them with the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 362 consecutive patients presenting to a dermatology clinic in Ankara, Middle Anatolia, Turkey. Age, gender, anatomic localization, clinical types, number of warts, and medical therapy histories were recorded...
June 2015: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Suchismita Paul, Carol E Cheng, Daniela Kroshinsky
Condylomata acuminata (CA), or anogenital warts, are typically benign lesions caused by human papillomavirus infection. Although they are rare, immunocompromised individuals are at a higher risk of CA undergoing transformation into invasive anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). These patients need aggressive evaluation and management. Treatment of CA is challenging, particularly for immunocompromised hosts, in whom warts are resistant to treatment and commonly recur. Currently, there is no gold standard treatment for CA, especially in children and immunodeficient individuals...
July 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
S Bussen, M Sütterlin, U Schmidt, D Bussen
Human papilloma viruses (HPV) are common pathogens associated with a wide range of cutaneous and mucosal infections in childhood. Different HPV types can cause common warts and anogenital warts. Condylomata acuminata in children may be, but are not necessarily, an indicator of sexual abuse. Each individual case therefore requires careful examination, with consideration of other possible means of transmission. Diagnosis of anogenital warts is generally by means of clinical examination. Additional histological, serological or molecular genetic investigation may be indicated occasionally...
January 2012: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Nives Sikanić Dugić, Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Nives Pustišek, Vlasta Hiršl Hećej
Possible modes of transmission of the human papilloma virus (HPV) in children include perinatal transmission, sexual transmission, or extragenital contact. Conventional treatment options with chemical and physical destruction methods can be difficult and painful and often require general anesthesia. Imiquimod is a topically active immunomodulatory agent that has been shown to successfully treat pediatric anogenital warts. We report on a case of extensive anogenital warts in a 18-month-old girl who was successfully treated with topical 5% imiquimod cream...
2014: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
(no author information available yet)
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination routinely be targeted to females and males aged 11 years or 12 years as part of the adolescent immunization platform to help reduce the incidence of anogenital cancers and genital warts associated with HPV infection. The quadrivalent HPV vaccine is approved for use in males and females, whereas the bivalent HPV vaccine is approved for use only in females. For those not vaccinated at the target age, catch-up vaccination is recommended up to age 26 years...
March 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ozlem Seçilmiş Kerimoğlu, Nasuh Utku Doğan, Aybike Tazegül, Mehtap Karameşe, Hasan Beyhekim, Cetin Celik
Anogenital warts and lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) are rarely seen during the childhood. A 9-year-old girl has been presented to hospital by her parents with itching in the anogenital area. There were anogenital warts and a different erythematous lesion in the perianal region. On the pulpa of the right thumb, there was a wart extending under the nail. The lesions are surgically removed. The results of the histopathological examination were reported as condyloma acuminata and LSC. Children with anogenital warts should be examined carefully to discover the transmission route and other possible concomitant cutaneous diseases...
2012: Case Reports in Medicine
Juan Pablo Mouesca, Miguel Javier Indart de Arza, Luis Stabilito
This article deals with anogenital warts (AGW) injuries caused by human papiloma virus (HPV) in children. Diagnosis, epidemiology, modes of transmission, differential diagnosis, relationship between AGW and cancer are descript. Also, it remarks the presence of AGW as indicator of child sexual abuse. Finally, it includes suggestions for the management of patients and their families by the paediatrician.
October 2012: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
L Thornsberry, J C English
External anogenital warts, or condylomata acuminata, are caused by the proliferation of squamous epithelial cells secondary to human papillomavirus infection. In sexually active adults and adolescents, anogenital warts are a common sexually transmitted disease, but in children they may be a sign of sexual abuse. There are several treatment options available for anogenital warts, but no treatment has been proven to be the most efficacious, and recurrence after clinical clearance is common. Evidence-based treatment of genital warts is challenging because of the lack of controlled trials comparing treatments, especially in pediatric and adolescent populations...
April 2012: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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