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Pediatric noninvasive ventilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141315/-clinical-efficacy-of-one-lung-ventilation-in-treatment-of-children-postoperatively-intractable-atelectasis
#1
J M Huo, K Bai, Y Q Fu, C J Liu, F Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided one-lung ventilation (OLV) on treatment of intractable atelectasis in children. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2014 to May 2017. Six patients with intractable atelectasis of left lung were included. Three cases were male and three female with the age from 1.5 to 11.0 years. The endotracheal tube was intubated to the left main bronchus for OLV by the guidance of fiberoptic bronchoscopy...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114011/albuterol-delivery-efficiency-in-a-pediatric-model-of-noninvasive-ventilation-with-double-limb-circuit
#2
Jeanne Velasco, Ariel Berlinski
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is used to treat respiratory failure in patients with concomitant need for aerosol delivery. Limited pediatric data are available on aerosol delivery efficiency, and none at all regarding aerosol delivery efficiency with a double-limb circuit. We compared the effect of position in the double-limb ventilator circuit, types of nebulizer, and ventilator settings on aerosol delivery efficiency in a pediatric model of NIV. We hypothesized that placing a vibrating mesh nebulizer at the ventilator and using the highest inspiratory pressures would increase aerosol delivery efficiency...
November 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952341/dexmedetomidine-use-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Heidi L Banasch, Deonne A Dersch-Mills, Leah L Boulter, Elaine Gilfoyle
BACKGROUND: Use of dexmedetomidine in critically ill pediatric patients is increasing despite limited data on effects on mechanical ventilation times, use of other sedatives, adverse effects, and withdrawal. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and tolerability of dexmedetomidine in a large cohort of critically ill children. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients receiving dexmedetomidine in a pediatric intensive care unit. Ethical approval was granted by the local review board...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941227/noninvasive-airway-approaches-for-acute-neuromuscular-respiratory-failure-in-emergency-departments
#4
Tai-Heng Chen, Jong-Hau Hsu, Yuh-Jyh Jong
Emerging evidence advocates for noninvasive ventilation (NIV) combined with mechanical in-exsufflation (MIE) as a first-line approach for acute respiratory failure (ARF) in patients with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). To date, most NIV studies of ARF in NMD patients have been performed in intensive care units or in hospital settings. However, the utility of using combined NIV/MIE in the emergency department (ED) settings is unclear. We report on the implementation of NIV/MIE in two children with type II spinal muscular atrophy who presented to the ED with ARF...
October 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910904/-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-respiratory-failure-use-at-the-right-time
#5
J S Zeng, S Y Qian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860332/negative-pressure-ventilation-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#6
Amanda B Hassinger, Ryan K Breuer, Kirsten Nutty, Chang-Xing Ma, Omar S Al Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to describe the use of negative-pressure ventilation (NPV) in a heterogeneous critically ill, pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients admitted to a pediatric ICU with acute respiratory failure supported with NPV from January 1, 2012 to May 15, 2015. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-three subjects at a median age of 15.5 months were supported with NPV for various etiologies, most commonly bronchiolitis (70%)...
August 31, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829819/evaluation-of-diaphragmatic-function-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-an-ultrasound-study
#7
En-Pei Lee, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Hsiu-Feng Hsiao, Min-Chi Chen, Jainn-Jim Lin, Oi-Wa Chan, Chia-Ying Lin, Mei-Chin Yang, Sui-Ling Liao, Shen-Hao Lai
BACKGROUND: The recovery of diaphragmatic function is vital for successful extubation from mechanical ventilation. Recent studies have detected diaphragm atrophy in ventilated adults by using ultrasound, but no similar report has been conducted in children. In the current study, we hypothesized that mechanically ventilated children may also develop diaphragm atrophy and diaphragmatic dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children who were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit and were newly intubated for mechanical ventilation were enrolled into this prospective case-control study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817604/therapeutic-flexible-airway-endoscopy-of-small-children-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-11-years-experience
#8
Wen-Jue Soong, Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Chia-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: Use of therapeutic flexible airway endoscopy (TFAE) is very limited in pediatrics. We report our clinical experiences and long term outcomes of TFAE in small children from a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Small children with their body weight no more than 5.0 kg who had received TFAE between 2005 and 2015 were enrolled. Demographic information and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed from medical charts and TFAE videos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781878/bilateral-diaphragmatic-paresis-following-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#9
Jillian Olmscheid, Helena Molero, William Gershan, Nadir Demirel
BACKGROUND: Although diaphragm paresis or paralysis is fairly common following cardiac procedures; it is a less common complication following liver transplantation. Unilateral diaphragm paresis, usually right sided, has been described following liver transplantation in adults and has been rarely described in children. PURPOSE: Diaphragmatic injury following LT is often unrecognized and is typically unilateral, involving the right hemidiaphragm. Bilateral diaphragm dysfunction following liver transplantation in children is a rare complication...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759491/the-evaluation-of-a-noninvasive-respiratory-volume-monitor-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#10
Andrea D Gomez-Morad, Joseph P Cravero, Brian C Harvey, Rachel Bernier, Erin Halpin, Brian Walsh, Viviane G Nasr
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients following surgery are at risk for respiratory compromise such as hypoventilation and hypoxemia depending on their age, comorbidities, and type of surgery. Quantitative measurement of ventilation in nonintubated infants/children is a difficult and inexact undertaking. Current respiratory assessment in nonintubated patients relies on oximetry data, respiratory rate (RR) monitors, and subjective clinical assessment, but there is no objective measure of respiratory parameters that could be utilized to predict early respiratory compromise...
July 27, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745850/noninvasive-ventilation-for-patients-in-acute-respiratory-distress-an-update-digest
#11
Nikita Joshi, Molly K Estes, Kayla Shipley, Hyun-Chul Danny Lee, Milana Zaurova
Over the last 20 years, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) strategies have been used with increasing frequency. The ease of use of NIV makes it applicable to patients presenting in a variety of types of respiratory distress. In this review, the physiology of positive pressure ventilation is discussed, including indications, contraindications, and options for mask type and fit. Characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from NIV are reviewed, including those in respiratory distress from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
February 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742724/epidemiology-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-cardiac-icus
#12
Ryan A Romans, Steven M Schwartz, John M Costello, Nikhil K Chanani, Parthak Prodhan, Avihu Z Gazit, Andrew H Smith, David S Cooper, Jeffrey Alten, Kshitij P Mistry, Wenying Zhang, Janet E Donohue, Michael Gaies
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of noninvasive ventilation therapy for patients admitted to pediatric cardiac ICUs and to assess practice variation across hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected clinical registry data. SETTING: Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium clinical registry. PATIENTS: Patients admitted to cardiac ICUs at PC4 hospitals. INTERVENTIONS: None...
October 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737600/an-interprofessional-quality-improvement-initiative-to-standardize-pediatric-extubation-readiness-assessment
#13
Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Acrista J Hole, Alvaro J Tori, Brian D Benneyworth, Riad Lutfi, Christopher W Mastropietro
OBJECTIVES: Establishing protocols to wean mechanical ventilation and assess readiness for extubation, with the goal of minimizing morbidity associated with extubation failure and prolonged mechanical ventilation, have become increasingly important in contemporary PICUs. The aim of this quality improvement initiative is to establish a respiratory therapist-led daily spontaneous breathing trial protocol to standardize extubation readiness assessment and documentation in our PICU. DESIGN: A quality improvement project...
October 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720673/challenges-with-implementation-of-a-respiratory-therapist-driven-protocol-of-spontaneous-breathing-trials-in-the-pediatric-icu
#14
EDITORIAL
Conrad Krawiec, Dale Carl, Christy Stetter, Lan Kong, Gary D Ceneviva, Neal J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Timely ventilator liberation is crucial in the pediatric ICU. In many pediatric ICUs, the decision to initiate weaning is driven by the physician, which may lead to delays in ventilator liberation. The objectives of this quality improvement project were to develop and implement a respiratory therapist (RT)-led protocol for screening for spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) readiness, to test protocol feasibility, and to evaluate its impact on SBT timing. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all intubated patients in the pediatric ICU for 18 months prior to protocol institution...
October 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699611/impact-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-quality-%C3%A4-mprovement-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-non-invasive-ventilation-device-free-pediatric-%C3%A4-ntensive-care-unit
#15
Fulva Kamit Can, Ayse Berna Anil, Murat Anil, Neslihan Zengin, Alkan Bal, Yuksel Bicilioglu, Gamze Gokalp, Fatih Durak, Gulberat Ince
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the change in quality indicators due to the use of high-flow nasal cannula therapy as a non-invasive ventilation method in children with respiratory distress/failure in a noninvasive ventilation device-free pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of children with respiratory distress/failure admitted 1 year before (period before high-flow nasal cannula therapy) and 1 year after (period after high-flow nasal cannula therapy) the introduction of high-flow nasal cannula therapy...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606403/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-in-sepn1-related-myopathy
#16
Serena Caggiano, Sonia Khirani, Ivana Dabaj, Eliana Cavassa, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Isabelle Desguerre, Pascale Richard, Renato Cutrera, Ana Ferreiro, Brigitte Estournet, Susana Quijano-Roy, Brigitte Fauroux
SEPN1-related myopathy (SEPN1-RM) is characterized by predominant axial muscle weakness, early scoliosis, rigid spine and severe respiratory insufficiency. The aim of the study was to characterize the mechanisms of respiratory dysfunction in SEPN1-RM patients. Breathing pattern and respiratory muscle strength were measured by means of esophageal (Pes) and gastric (Pgas) pressures. Seven patients aged 7-55 years (1 adult) at first respiratory muscle test were studied. Five patients were treated by nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NIV)  ≥ 4 months...
April 26, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598946/dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-during-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients
#17
Rasika Venkatraman, James L Hungerford, Mark W Hall, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of dexmedetomidine for sedation in a large cohort of nonintubated children with acute respiratory insufficiency receiving noninvasive ventilatory support. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: A large quaternary-care PICU. PATIENTS: The study cohort included 202 children receiving noninvasive ventilatory and a dexmedetomidine infusion within 48 hours of PICU admission over a 6-month period...
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546376/noninvasive-monitoring-of-oxygen-and-ventilation
#18
Craig D Smallwood, Brian K Walsh
Noninvasive monitoring of oxygenation and ventilation is an essential part of pediatric respiratory care. Carbon dioxide, gas exchange monitoring, transcutaneous monitoring, near-infrared spectroscopy, pulse oximetry, and electrical impedance tomography are examined. Although some of these technologies have been utilized for decades, incorporation into mechanical ventilators and recently developed methods may provide important clinical insights in a broader patient range. Less mature technologies (electrical impedance tomography and near-infrared spectroscopy) have been of particular interest, since they offer easy bedside application and potential for improved care of children with respiratory failure and other disorders...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546373/noninvasive-respiratory-support-in-infants-and-children
#19
Katherine L Fedor
CPAP and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) offer an alternative to intubation and mechanical ventilation in the treatment of acute and chronic respiratory disorders commonly encountered in infants and children. There are many distinct challenges associated with the application, management, and safety of CPAP and NIV in the pediatric population. This review attempts to identify indications, contraindications, management strategies, and safety measures associated with the application of CPAP or NIV delivery in children...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546371/pediatric-aerosol-therapy
#20
Ariel Berlinski
Inhaled medications are the mainstay of therapy for many pediatric pulmonary diseases. Device and delivery technique selection is key to improving lung deposition of inhaled drugs. This paper will review the subject in relationship to several pediatric clinical situations: acute pediatric asthma, transnasal aerosol delivery, delivery through tracheostomies, and delivery during noninvasive and invasive mechanical ventilation. This review will focus on the pediatric age group and will not include neonates.
June 2017: Respiratory Care
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