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Perineal pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643312/-comparison-of-short-term-outcomes-of-transrectal-specimen-extraction-during-laparoscopic-sigmoid-radical-resection-versus-conventional-laparoscopically-assisted-procedure
#1
Junjie Xing, Chenxin Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Hao Wang, Hantao Wang, Enda Yu, Chuangang Fu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term outcomes between transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection and conventional laparoscopy-assisted sigmoid radical resection. METHODS: Sixteen patients(transrectal specimen extraction group,4 females and 12 males), who were planned to undergo laparoscopically assisted sigmoid radical resection with BMI<28 kg/m(2) and were evaluated as T1-T3 tumor by iconography without distant metastasis, were selected to undergo transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection from December 2015 to April 2016 in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of Changhai Hospital...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630221/retrorectal-tumour-simulating-vaginal-birth-an-exceptional-case-of-emergency-surgery-indication
#2
Eduardo Alvarez-Sarrado, Salvador Pous-Serrano, Omar Carreño Saenz, Jose Pamies-Gilabert
Cystic retrorectal tumours are a very rare entity that pose a problem in differential diagnosis between congenital cyst and other lesions. We present a 49-year-old female patient presenting a perineal bulge which was discovered simulating a vaginal birth associated with prolapsed haemorrhoids grade IV. The interest of this case resides in the surgical indication of a big presacral cyst demonstrated via CT causing acute intense pain due to pelvic organ compression, as no emergent surgery management has been reported up to date...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591209/sexual-function-and-postpartum-depression-6-months-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-according-to-fetal-head-station-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Guillaume Ducarme, Jean-François Hamel, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the fetal head station at attempted operative vaginal delivery (aOVD), and specifically midpelvic or low aOVD, on female and male sexual function and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 months. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: 1,941 women with singleton term fetuses in vertex presentation with midpelvic or low aOVD between 2008 and 2013 in a tertiary care university hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580041/imaging-diagnosis-of-a-rare-presacral-tumour
#4
Hemal Grover, Amrit Pal Ahluwalia, Sanjay Sethi
BACKGROUND: Primary tumors in the presacral (retrorectal) space are extremely rare in adults, with an estimated incidence of 0.0025 to 0.014 in large referral centers. Congenital varieties are most common and comprise two thirds of these tumors. Primary retroperitoneal sarcomas in the pelvic region are extremely rare. We report the ultrasound and the corresponding Computed Tomography (CT) features of a rare presacral fibrosarcoma in an adult woman, in whom the diagnosis was confirmed by a CT-guided biopsy...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578919/opioid-consumption-and-pain-in-gynecological-cancer-patients-treated-with-interstitial-brachytherapy
#5
Lucas C Mendez, Stephen Choi, Laura D'Alimonte, Elizabeth Barnes, Lisa Barbera, Eric Leung
PURPOSE: Interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT) has advantages over the intracavitary techniques in the treatment of gynecological malignancies. The insertion of catheters into tumor enables higher dose conformality and normal tissue sparing. However ISBT can be associated with pain due its invasiveness. The goal of this study is to assess pain and opioid consumption of patients implanted with a perineal ISBT applicator. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-eight patients were treated with ISBT from September 2014 to April 2016...
May 31, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571213/the-effect-of-metoclopramide-addition-to-lidocaine-on-pain-of-patients-with-grades-ii-and-iii-post-episiotomy-repair
#6
Sheida Shabanian, Sara Kalbasi, Gholamreza Shabanian, Bahram Khoram, Forozan Ganji
INTRODUCTION: Episiotomy is the most common procedure used for dilatation of the vaginal opening for giving birth. Although episiotomy is associated with benefits for the mother, it may lead to short term and long term disabilities, including postpartum perineal pain that is secondary to perineal tearing. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subcutaneous lidocaine compared with lidocaine and metoclopramide on pain after episiotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, the patients (83 for control group and 83 for case group) with episiotomy Grades II and III were enrolled and were asked to express their postpartum episiotomy pain as a number, from zero (no pain) to 10 (severest pain) Visual Analogue Scale (VAS score) at 0, 30 minute, 1 hour, 2 hour, 4 hour, 6 hour and 12 hour postpartum...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567231/effect-of-lavender-oil-aroma-in-the-early-hours-of-postpartum-period-on-maternal-pains-fatigue-and-mood-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Farideh Vaziri, Mahsa Shiravani, Fatemeh Sadat Najib, Saeedeh Pourahmad, Alireza Salehi, Zahra Yazdanpanahi
BACKGROUND: Busy care providers focus on the serious complications of postpartum period. This issue causes the seemingly trivial complications, such as mother's pains, fatigue, and psychological status, to be less taken into account. The study aimed to determine the effect of lavender oil aroma in the early hours of postpartum period on maternal pains, fatigue, and mood in primiparous mothers. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 participants; 29 in intervention group and 27 in control group...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558780/low-grade-fibromyxoid-sarcoma-of-the-external-anal-sphincter-a-case-report
#8
Lee-Kiat Ban, Ailun Heather Tseng, Shih-Hung Huang, Henry Hsin-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft tissue tumor that has a tendency to grow in the deep soft tissue of the trunk and extremities. Despite its benign appearance, the tumor has a high recurrence rate and metastatic potential. LGFMS in the perineal space is rare, and only a few cases have been reported. We present the first case of LGFMS to be located at the external anal sphincter. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old male patient admitted to our Surgical Department with perianal pain and swollen for a year...
May 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551104/-what-measures-of-perineal-protection-at-birth-are-consensual-in-france-results-of-a-delphi-survey
#9
R de Tayrac, L Carligny, R Zimmerman, S Huberlant, V Letouzey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate expert's opinion in order to obtain a consensus on the different measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A survey using the Delphi method was carried out with a panel of French obstetricians, urogynecologists and midwives. The questionnaire included 22 questions grouped into four groups: expulsive efforts, indications of episiotomy, episiotomy repair and other forms of perineal protection. The experts had to answer on a 9-point scale, both on the validity and the clarity of each proposal...
May 24, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536341/-a-case-of-effective-chemoradiotherapy-using-mfolfox6-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#10
Yoshio Kuga, Shosuke Kitamura, Teruo Mouri, Tomohiro Miwata, Yuzoh Hirata, Yasuyo Ishizaki, Yasutoshi Hashimoto
We report a case of locally advanced rectal cancer, treated effectively with chemotherapy consisting of mFOLFOX6 combined with radiotherapy. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in March 2012 for diarrhea and anal and perineal pain. Advanced rectal cancer with invasion ofthe right perineum was diagnosed based on computer tomography(CT) findings. Surgery was performed; however, the rectal cancer was unresectable. A sigmoid colostomy was performed, and a central venous port was implanted. In April 2012, the patient was treated with chemotherapy using 3 courses ofmFOLFOX6 and concurrent radiotherapy...
May 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535821/seven-fractions-to-deliver-partial-breast-irradiation-the-toxicity-is-low
#11
Marco Trovo, Michele Avanzo, Lorenzo Vinante, Carlo Furlan, Francesco Fiorica, Tiziana Perin, Loredana Militello, Simon Spazzapan, Massimiliano Berretta, Rajesh Jena, Joseph Stancanello, Erica Piccoli, Mario Mileto, Elvia Micheli, Mario Roncadin, Samuele Massarut
PURPOSE: To assess toxicity and clinical outcome, in breast cancer patients treated with external beam partial breast irradiation (PBI) consisting of 35 Gy in 7 daily fractions (5 Gy/fraction). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients affected by early-stage breast cancer were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients had to be 60 years old or over and treated with breast conservative surgery for early stage invasive carcinoma. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were analyzed...
May 23, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529661/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-management-and-the-arthroscope
#12
F Accadbled, O May, C Thévenin-Lemoine, J Sales de Gauzy
BACKGROUND: In situ pinning of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in various degrees of deformity of the femoral head-neck junction. Repetitive trauma from cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to labral tears and injury to the articular cartilage causing loss of function. Arthroscopic osteoplasty is an alternative to open procedure and to Southwick/Imhäuser-type osteotomies in symptomatic selected cases. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The amount of bone to be resected has to be carefully planned pre-operatively...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504988/the-labor-analgesia-requirements-in-nulliparous-women-randomized-to-epidural-catheter-placement-in-a-high-or-low-intervertebral-space
#13
Albert Moore, Valerie Villeneuve, Bruno Bravim, Aly El-Bahrawy, Eva El-Mouallem, Ian Kaufman, Roupen Hatzakorzian, William Li Pi Shan
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that an epidural catheter placed in a lower vertebral interspace will require less medication for labor analgesia. METHODS: Nulliparous women requesting neuraxial labor analgesia were randomized to epidural catheter placement at the ultrasound-confirmed L1-2 or L4-5 interspace. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia and breakthrough manual epidural boluses of 10 mL of 0.125% bupivacaine with 50 µg of fentanyl or 8 mL of 2% lidocaine were utilized...
May 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492602/redness-and-painful-ulcerations-in-the-perineal-area
#14
Sara M James, Amy L Gagnon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442073/implications-of-pain-in-functional-activities-in-immediate-postpartum-period-according-to-the-mode-of-delivery-and-parity-an-observational-study
#15
Thalita R C Pereira, Felipe G De Souza, Ana C S Beleza
OBJECTIVES: To identify women's complaints about pain in the immediate postpartum of vaginal delivery and cesarean section; to measure the intensity of pain in postpartum women at rest and with selected movements and to compare the activity limitations in relation to the mode of delivery and parity. METHOD: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. Eighty-six women, in the immediate postpartum period after vaginal delivery (n=43) and cesarean section (n=43), were evaluated for physical discomforts and their difficulty in performing functional activities...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422365/successful-vaginal-delivery-at-term-after-vaginal-reconstruction-with-labium-minus-flaps-in-a-patient-with-vaginal-atresia-a-rare-case-report
#16
Yu Liu, Yi-Feng Wang
We report a case of successful vaginal delivery after vaginal reconstruction with labium minus flaps in a 23-year-old patient with congenital vaginal atresia. The patient primarily presented with amenorrhea and cyclic abdominal pain; transabdominal ultrasonography revealed an enlarged uterus due to hematometra and absence of the lower segment of the vagina. Eight years ago, she had undergone an unsuccessful attempt at canalization at a local hospital. Upon referral to our hospital, she underwent vaginal reconstruction with labium minus flaps...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417155/pelvic-floor-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-changes-during-first-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Rebecca G Rogers, Cara Ninivaggio, Kelly Gallagher, A Noelle Borders, Clifford Qualls, Lawrence M Leeman
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We describe pelvic floor function in nulliparous pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nulliparous midwifery patients completed the Incontinence Severity Index (ISI), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7), Wexner Fecal Incontinence Scale (W), and answered questions about sexual activity and perineal pain at baseline during the first (T1), second (T2), or third trimester (T3) and repeated in late T3. They also underwent a Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) exam at their baseline visit...
April 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403602/nonabsorbable-polymer-clip-as-a-cause-of-chronic-perineal-pain-after-radical-prostatectomy-description-of-a-case-treated-by-transperineal-approach
#18
Massimiliano Creta, Sergio Di Meo, Roberto Buonopane, Bernardo Rocco, Vittorio Imperatore
The occurrence of persistent perineal pain caused by surgical clips has rarely been described after radical prostatectomy (RP). We describe the case of a patient complaining of chronic perineal pain occurred soon after robotic RP, refractory to conventional medical therapy and exacerbated by the sitting position. Pain was related to a nonabsorbable polymer clip used to secure lateral pedicles. A transpeerineal approach was used to perform an hydrodissection of the rectovesical space at the level of the surgical clip combined with local injection of mepivacaine and betametasone...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391147/influence-of-a-pelvic-floor-training-programme-to-prevent-perineal-trauma-a-quasi-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Fatima Leon-Larios, Isabel Corrales-Gutierrez, Rosa Casado-Mejía, Carmen Suarez-Serrano
BACKGROUND: perineal injury is common after birth and may be caused by tears or episiotomy or both. Perineal massage has been shown to prevent episiotomies in primiparous women. On the other hand, pelvic floor exercises might have an influence by shortening the first and second stages of labour in the primigravida. AIM: the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a pelvic floor training following a birth programme on perineal trauma. DESIGN: a single-blind quasi-randomized controlled trial with two groups: standard care and intervention...
July 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389167/-pelvi-perineal-chronic-pain-urgent-demands-of-care-and-decision-making
#20
V Quistrebert-Davanne, A-H Boudoukha, A Levesque, P Guérin, J Nizard, J-J Labat
OBJECTIVE: Some patients suffering from pelvi-perineal chronic pain express urgent, even vital, demands of care. The objective was to compare the profile and the psychological functioning of the patients, who have shown an imperious demand of care, in that of the patients who do not have an imperious demand of care. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From the medical consultations for chronic pelviperineal pain, we realized a comparative study including 26 patients (experimental group) expressing an urgent demand of care (i...
April 4, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
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