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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322262/partial-secretome-analysis-of-caldariomyces-fumago-reveals-extracellular-production-of-the-cpo-co-substrate-h2o2-and-provides-a-coproduction-concept-for-cpo-and-glucose-oxidase
#1
Markus Buchhaupt, Karin Lintz, Sonja Hüttmann, Jens Schrader
The culture supernatant of Caldariomyces fumago strains grown in a minimal medium with fructose contains mainly the biotechnologically relevant enzyme chloroperoxidase (CPO) and only minor amounts of other proteins. Our approach to identify the nature of these proteins via peptide mass fingerprinting and transcriptome analysis demonstrated the presence of putative glycosyl hydrolase and glucose oxidase (GOx) enzymes. These activities had been described earlier as parts of the fungus´ halogenation machinery, as they provide CPO with the co-substrate H2O2...
January 10, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316000/perspectives-of-rural-health-and-human-service-practitioners-following-suicide-prevention-training-programme-in-australia-a-thematic-analysis
#2
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306279/reinterpreting-the-infrared-spectrum-of-h-hcn-methylene-amidogen-radical-and-its-coproducts
#3
Avery E Wiens, Andreas V Copan, Elliot C Rossomme, Gustavo J R Aroeira, Olivia M Bernstein, Jay Agarwal, Henry F Schaefer
The methylene amidogen radical (H2CN) plays a role in high-energy material combustion and extraterresterial atmospheres. Recent theoretical work has struggled to match experimental assignments for its CN and antisymmetric CH2 stretching frequencies (ν2 and ν5), which were reported to occur at 1725 and 3103 cm-1. Herein, we compute the vibrational energy levels of this molecule by extrapolating quadruples-level coupled-cluster theory to the complete basis limit and adding corrections for vibrational anharmonicity...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197775/waste-to-biofuel-integrated-system-and-its-comprehensive-techno-economic-assessment-in-wastewater-treatment-plants
#4
Chunhua Xin, Min M Addy, Jinyu Zhao, Yanling Cheng, Yiwei Ma, Shiyu Liu, Dongyan Mu, Yuhuan Liu, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan
Combining wastewater treatment and biofuel production is considered the cost-effective way for better waste remediation and lowering the environmental impact for biofuel production. In this study, an innovative integrated system incorporating sludge, scum and centrate treatment and biofuel production was developed. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted to evaluate the technology and economic feasibility of the integrated system with the consideration of biofuel production, wastewater treatment improvement, tax credits, carbon credit, and coproducts utilization...
November 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151830/antihypertensive-properties-of-tilapia-oreochromis-spp-frame-and-skin-enzymatic-protein-hydrolysates
#5
Hsin-Chieh Lin, Adeola M Alashi, Rotimi E Aluko, Bonnie Sun Pan, Yu-Wei Chang
Proteins from tilapia frame and skin can potentially be precursors of antihypertensive peptides according to the result of BIOPEP analyses. The aim was to generate peptides with inhibitory effects against angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and renin from tilapia frame and skin protein isolates (FPI and SPI). The most active hydrolysate was then tested for blood pressure-lowering ability in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Tilapia frame and skin protein hydrolysates (FPHs and SPHs) were respectively produced from FPI and SPI hydrolysis using pepsin, papain, or bromelain...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121935/bioconversion-of-distillers-grains-hydrolysates-to-advanced-biofuels-by-an-escherichia-coli-co-culture
#6
Fang Liu, Weihua Wu, Mary B Tran-Gyamfi, James D Jaryenneh, Xun Zhuang, Ryan W Davis
BACKGROUND: First generation bioethanol production utilizes the starch fraction of maize, which accounts for approximately 60% of the ash-free dry weight of the grain. Scale-up of this technology for fuels applications has resulted in a massive supply of distillers' grains with solubles (DGS) coproduct, which is rich in cellulosic polysaccharides and protein. It was surmised that DGS would be rapidly adopted for animal feed applications, however, this has not been observed based on inconsistency of the product stream and other logistics-related risks, especially toxigenic contaminants...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091509/a-person-centered-registry-based-learning-health-system-for-palliative-care-a-path-to-coproducing-better-outcomes-experience-value-and-science
#7
Arif H Kamal, Kathryn B Kirkland, Diane E Meier, Tamara S Morgan, Eugene C Nelson, Steven Z Pantilat
BACKGROUND: Palliative care offers an approach to the care of people with serious illness that focuses on quality of life and aligning care with individual and family goals, and values in the context of what is medically achievable. OBJECTIVE: Measurement of the impact of palliative care is critical for determining what works for which patients in what settings, to learn, improve care, and ensure access to high value care for people with serious illness. METHODS: A learning health system that includes patients and families partnering with clinicians and care teams, is directly linked to a registry to support networks for improvement and research, and offers an ideal framework for measuring what matters to a range of stakeholders interested in improving care for this population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063710/adaptive-social-impact-management-for-conservation-and-environmental-management
#8
Maery Kaplan-Hallam, Nathan J Bennett
Concerns about the social consequences of conservation have spurred increased attention the monitoring and evaluation of the social impacts of conservation projects. This has resulted in a growing body of research that demonstrates how conservation can produce both positive and negative social, economic, cultural, health, and governance consequences for local communities. Yet, the results of social monitoring efforts are seldom applied to adaptively manage conservation projects. Greater attention is needed to incorporating the results of social impact assessments in long-term conservation management to minimize negative social consequences and maximize social benefits...
October 24, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061557/examining-factors-of-engagement-with-digital-interventions-for-weight-management-rapid-review
#9
Emma Elizabeth Sharpe, Eleni Karasouli, Caroline Meyer
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions for weight management provide a unique opportunity to target daily lifestyle choices and eating behaviors over a sustained period of time. However, recent evidence has demonstrated a lack of user engagement with digital health interventions, impacting on the levels of intervention effectiveness. Thus, it is critical to identify the factors that may facilitate user engagement with digital health interventions to encourage behavior change and weight management...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056529/co-synthesis-of-medium-chain-length-polyhydroxyalkanoates-and-cds-quantum-dots-nanoparticles-in-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440
#10
Barbara Oliva-Arancibia, Nicolás Órdenes-Aenishanslins, Nicolas Bruna, Paula S Ibarra, Flavia C Zacconi, José M Pérez-Donoso, Ignacio Poblete-Castro
Microbial polymers and nanomaterials production is a promising alternative for sustainable bioeconomics. To this end, we used Pseudomonas putida KT2440 as a cell factory in batch cultures to coproduce two important nanotechnology materials- medium-chain-length (MCL)-polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and CdS fluorescent nanoparticles (i.e. quantum dots [QDots]). Due to high cadmium resistance, biomass and PHA yields were almost unaffected by coproduction conditions. Fluorescent nanocrystal biosynthesis was possible only in presence of cysteine...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025839/family-attitudes-actions-decisions-and-experiences-following-implementation-of-deemed-consent-and-the-human-transplantation-wales-act-2013-mixed-method-study-protocol
#11
Jane Noyes, Karen Morgan, Phillip Walton, Abigail Roberts, Leah Mclaughlin, Michael Stephens
INTRODUCTION: The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (the Act) introduced a 'soft opt-out' system of organ donation on 1 December 2015. Citizens are encouraged to make their organ donation decision known during their lifetime. In order to work, the Act and media campaign need to create a context, whereby organ donation becomes the norm, and create a mechanism for people to behave as intended (formally register their decision; consider appointing a representative; convey their donation decision to their families and friends or do nothing-deemed consent)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022829/migratory-white-stork-ciconia-ciconia-a-potential-vector-of-the-oxa-48-producing-escherichia-coli-st38-clone-in-algeria
#12
Amira Bouaziz, Lotfi Loucif, Ammar Ayachi, Karima Guehaz, Esma Bendjama, Jean-Marc Rolain
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is of great concern to public health worldwide. The aim of this study was to screen for the presence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in white stork (Ciconia ciconia) migratory bird stools, and to investigate their molecular support on β-lactamase production. In March 2015, 32 fecal samples of white stork were collected in the Commune of El Madher Wilaya de Batna, in eastern Algeria. Samples were subjected to selective isolation of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
October 12, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991999/effect-of-combined-xylanase-and-phytase-on-growth-performance-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-and-carcass-characteristics-in-growing-pigs-fed-corn-based-diets-containing-high-fiber-coproducts
#13
Y D Jang, P Wilcock, R D Boyd, M D Lindemann
Phytate has been shown to be an antinutrient, and the feeding of high levels of phytase can break down phytate to improve nutrient utilization and pig performance. Dietary xylanase targets arabinoxylan breakdown, thereby improving energy utilization in pigs. However, the effects of simultaneous supplementation have not been clearly determined. Crossbred pigs ( = 45; mean initial weight, 26.4 ± 0.2 kg) were allotted to 1 of 9 treatments to evaluate the effects of both xylanase (endo-1,4-β xylanase [EC 3.2...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960737/recovery-focussed-care-how-it-can-be-utilized-to-reduce-aggression-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting
#14
Eric Lim, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Consumer aggression is common in the acute mental health inpatient setting. Mental health nurses can utilize a range of interventions to prevent aggression or reduce its impact on the person and others who have witnessed the event. Incorporating recovery-focussed care into clinical practice is one intervention, as it fosters collaborative partnerships with consumers. It promotes their engagement in decisions about their care and encourages self-management of their presenting behaviours. It also allows the consumer to engage in their personal recovery as their mental health improve...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953814/service-users-perspectives-in-promise-and-research
#15
Sarah Rae
Since its inception in 2013, PROMISE (PROactive Management of Integrated Services and Environments) has been supporting service users and staff at the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT) on a journey to reduce reliance on force. The author's own personal experiences led to the founding of PROMISE and illustrates how individual experiences can influence a patient to lead change. Coproduction is actively embedded in PROMISE. Patients have been meaningfully involved because they are innovators and problem solvers who bring an alternative viewpoint by the very nature of their condition...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946205/metaproteomic-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-microbial-community-phylogeny-function-and-metabolic-activity-during-biohydrogen-methane-coproduction-under-short-term-hydrothermal-pretreatment-from-food-waste
#16
Xuan Jia, Beidou Xi, Mingxiao Li, Dongming Liu, Jiaqi Hou, Yan Hao, Fanhua Meng
Short-term hydrothermal pretreatment (SHP) is an attractive method for food waste anaerobic digestion, which facilitates the solubilisation of recalcitrant particles. This study employed metaproteomic method to evaluate the relationships among microbial community phylogeny, function, and metabolic activity during two-stage anaerobic digestion under SHP (SHPT) from food waste. The presence of 651 bacterial proteins and 477 archaeal protein has been detected by liquid chromatography online linked to mass spectrometry, revealing a high metabolic heterogeneity during SHPT...
December 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919530/coproduction-of-protease-and-mannanase-from-bacillus-nealsonii-pn-11-in-solid-state-fermentation-and-their-combined-application-as-detergent-additives
#17
Aditi David, Aditya Kumar, Steffy Angural, Deepak Kumar, Neena Puri, Naveen Gupta
Bacillus nealsonii PN-11 produces thermo-alkalistable mannanase and protease active in wide temperature and pH range. Optimization of coproduction of protease and mannanase from this strain and application of cocktail of these enzymes as detergent additives were studied. On optimization mannanase yield of 834Ug(-1) (11.12 fold increase) and protease yield of 70Ug(-1) (4.7 fold increase) could be obtained in a single fermentation. Purification and characterization of mannanase have been done earlier and protease was done during this study and has a molecular mass of 48kDa...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822549/effect-of-substituting-soybean-meal-and-canola-cake-with-grain-based-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-as-a-protein-source-on-feed-intake-milk-production-and-milk-quality-in-dairy-cows
#18
C Gaillard, M T Sørensen, M Vestergaard, M R Weisbjerg, A Basar, M K Larsen, H Martinussen, U Kidmose, J Sehested
The growth of the bioethanol industry is leading to an increase in the production of coproducts such as dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Both corn-based DDGS and grain-based DDGS (gDDGS; defined as originating from grain sources such as barley, wheat, triticale, or a mix, excluding corn) appear to be relevant sources of feed and protein for dairy cows. To date, most of the studies investigating DDGS have been performed with corn-based DDGS. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the proportion of gDDGS in the diet on feed intake, milk production, and milk quality...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805913/feeding-distillers-grains-soybean-hulls-or-a-mixture-of-both-to-cows-as-a-forage-replacement-effects-on-intake-digestibility-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics
#19
W B Smith, K P Coffey, R T Rhein, E B Kegley, D Philipp, J G Powell, J D Caldwell, A N Young
Coproduct feedstuffs offer a unique and potentially profitable avenue for cattle feeding strategies. However, research is lacking in the evaluation of varying coproducts on ruminal fermentation and digestive characteristics when included as the major component of the diet of cows. Our objective was to determine the effect of coproduct feedstuffs as a forage replacement on digestive and fermentative characteristics of cows. Eight ruminally fistulated cows (672 ± 32.0 kg initial BW and approximately 9 yr of age) were stratified by BW and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 diets (2 cows∙diet∙period) in a 2-period study: soybean hulls (SH), distillers' dried grains with solubles (DG), an isoenergetic mixture of soybean hulls and distillers' dried grains with solubles (MX), or ad libitum hay plus 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805891/increasing-corn-distillers-solubles-alters-the-liquid-fraction-of-the-ruminal-microbiome
#20
J C McCann, J R Segers, H Derakhshani, T L Felix, E Khafipour, D W Shike
Five ruminally fistulated steers were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square design to determine the effects of increasing dietary fat and sulfur from condensed distiller's solubles (CDS) on the ruminal microbiome. Treatments included a corn-based control (CON) and 4 levels of CDS (0, 10, 19, and 27%) in a coproduct-based (corn gluten feed and soybean hulls) diet. Fat concentrations were 1.79, 4.43, 6.80, and 8.91% for diets containing 0, 10, 19, and 27% CDS, respectively. Steers were fed for ad libitum intake once daily...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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