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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898877/effects-of-full-fat-or-defatted-rice-bran-on-growth-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-weanling-pigs
#1
G A Casas, H H Stein
The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of increased concentrations of full fat rice bran (FFRB) or defatted rice bran (DFRB) in diets without or with supplementation of an exogenous xylanase on growth performance and blood characteristics in weanling pigs. A total of 532 pigs (9.3 ± 0.5 kg initial BW) were allotted to 14 diets in 4 blocks and 8 replicate pens per diet in a randomized complete block design. There were 4 or 5 pigs per pen. A basal diet containing corn, soybean meal, and whey powder and 6 diets containing corn, soybean meal, whey powder, and 10, 20, or 30% FFRB or 10, 20, or 30% DFRB were used...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880986/nutrients-amino-acid-fatty-acid-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-profile-and-in-vitro-digestibility-of-macadamia-nut-cake-in-swine
#2
Utsav P Tiwari, Rajesh Jha
The highly variable cost and limited availability of conventional feedstuffs make it imperative to explore alternative feedstuffs to be used in swine. Macadamia nut cake (MNC), a coproduct of the macadamia nut oil industry, has not been well studied. MNC was analyzed for its nutrient profile, gross energy (GE), fibers, amino acids and fatty acids content. Dry matter (DM) and GE digestibility of MNC in swine was determined using an in vitro model. On a DM basis, ash, crude protein, ether extract, NDF, ADF, lignin and GE were found to be 3...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872964/toward-sustainable-amino-acid-production
#3
Yoshihiro Usuda, Yoshihiko Hara, Hiroyuki Kojima
Because the global amino acid production industry has been growing steadily and is expected to grow even more in the future, efficient production by fermentation is of great importance from economic and sustainability viewpoints. Many systems biology technologies, such as genome breeding, omics analysis, metabolic flux analysis, and metabolic simulation, have been employed for the improvement of amino acid-producing strains of bacteria. Synthetic biological approaches have recently been applied to strain development...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867207/purification-of-bioactive-lipopeptides-produced-by-bacillus-subtilis-strain-bia
#4
Muaaz Alajlani, Abid Shiekh, Shahida Hasnain, Adelheid Brantner
Bacillus subtilis strain BIA was used for the production of bioactive lipopeptides. Different extraction and purification methods were assayed as liquid-liquid extraction, and acid and ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by TLC, SPE, and gel filtration. Active fractions were further purified using RP-HPLC. The molecular mass of the purified product from HPLC was determined through Tris-Tricine SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS. The results revealed that Bacillus subtilis strain BIA produced surfactin and iturin like compounds...
2016: Chromatographia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833653/valorization-of-lignin-and-cellulose-in-acid-steam-exploded-corn-stover-by-a-moderate-alkaline-ethanol-post-treatment-based-on-an-integrated-biorefinery-concept
#5
Sheng Yang, Yue Zhang, Wen Yue, Wei Wang, Yun-Yan Wang, Tong-Qi Yuan, Run-Cang Sun
BACKGROUND: Due to the unsustainable consumption of fossil resources, great efforts have been made to convert lignocellulose into bioethanol and commodity organic compounds through biological methods. The conversion of cellulose is impeded by the compactness of plant cell wall matrix and crystalline structure of the native cellulose. Therefore, appropriate pretreatment and even post-treatment are indispensable to overcome this problem. Additionally, an adequate utilization of coproduct lignin will be important for improving the economic viability of modern biorefinery industries...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813679/the-role-of-biofuels-coproducts-in-feeding-the-world-sustainably
#6
Gerald C Shurson
One of the grand challenges facing our society today is finding solutions for feeding the world sustainably. The food-versus-fuel debate is a controversy embedded in this challenge, involving the trade-offs of using grains and oilseeds for biofuels production versus animal feed and human food. However, only 6% of total global grain produced is used to produce ethanol. Furthermore, biofuels coproducts contribute to sustainability of food production because only 1% to 2.5% of the overall energy efficiency is lost from converting crops into biofuels and animal feed, and approximately one-third of the corn used to produce ethanol is recovered as feed coproducts...
October 24, 2016: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801788/molecular-dynamic-studies-of-the-complex-polyethylenimine-and-glucose-oxidase
#7
Beata Szefler, Mircea V Diudea, Mihai V Putz, Ireneusz P Grudzinski
Glucose oxidase (GOx) is an enzyme produced by Aspergillus, Penicillium and other fungi species. It catalyzes the oxidation of β-d-glucose (by the molecular oxygen or other molecules, like quinones, in a higher oxidation state) to form d-glucono-1,5-lactone, which hydrolyses spontaneously to produce gluconic acid. A coproduct of this enzymatic reaction is hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). GOx has found several commercial applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries including novel biosensors that use the immobilized enzyme on different nanomaterials and/or polymers such as polyethylenimine (PEI)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789779/what-works-for-wellbeing-in-culture-and-sport-report-of-a-delphi-process-to-support-coproduction-and-establish-principles-and-parameters-of-an-evidence-review
#8
REVIEW
Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Annette Payne, Tess Kay, Catherine Meads, Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Paul Dolan, Guy Julier, Louise Longworth, Alan Tomlinson, Stefano Testoni, Christina Victor
AIMS: There is a growing recognition of the ways in which culture and sport can contribute to wellbeing. A strong evidence base is needed to support innovative service development and a 3-year research programme is being undertaken to capture best evidence of wellbeing impacts and outcomes of cultural and sporting activities in order to inform UK policy and practice. This article provides an overview of methods and findings from an initial coproduction process with key stakeholders that sought to explore and agree principles and parameters of the evidence review for culture, sport and wellbeing (CSW)...
October 27, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774376/sungas-instead-of-syngas-efficient-coproduction-of-co-and-h2-with-a-single-beam-of-sunlight
#9
Fang-Fang Li, Jason Lau, Stuart Licht
The electrolytic coproduction of CO and H2 is achieved from air, water, and a single beam of sunlight rather than from fossil fuels. H2 and CO cosynthesis is driven by a single concentrator photovoltaic to simultaneously drive molten hydroxide and molten carbonate electrolyses. The carbon neutral process captures carbon without the need for the preconcentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
November 2015: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757415/monolignol-ferulate-conjugates-are-naturally-incorporated-into-plant-lignins
#10
Steven D Karlen, Chengcheng Zhang, Matthew L Peck, Rebecca A Smith, Dharshana Padmakshan, Kate E Helmich, Heather C A Free, Seonghee Lee, Bronwen G Smith, Fachuang Lu, John C Sedbrook, Richard Sibout, John H Grabber, Troy M Runge, Kirankumar S Mysore, Philip J Harris, Laura E Bartley, John Ralph
Angiosperms represent most of the terrestrial plants and are the primary research focus for the conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and coproducts. Lignin limits our access to fibers and represents a large fraction of the chemical energy stored in plant cell walls. Recently, the incorporation of monolignol ferulates into lignin polymers was accomplished via the engineering of an exotic transferase into commercially relevant poplar. We report that various angiosperm species might have convergently evolved to natively produce lignins that incorporate monolignol ferulate conjugates...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594998/erratum-improving-interprofessional-and-coproductive-outcomes-of-care-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/bmjquality.u210329.w4679.].
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566521/selective-synthesis-of-human-milk-fat-style-structured-triglycerides-from-microalgal-oil-in-a-microfluidic-reactor-packed-with-immobilized-lipase
#12
Jun Wang, Xi Liu, Xu-Dong Wang, Tao Dong, Xing-Yu Zhao, Dan Zhu, Yi-Yuan Mei, Guo-Hua Wu
Human milk fat-style structured triacylglycerols were produced from microalgal oil in a continuous microfluidic reactor packed with immobilized lipase for the first time. A remarkably high conversion efficiency was demonstrated in the microreactor with reaction time being reduced by 8 times, Michaelis constant decreased 10 times, the lipase reuse times increased 2.25-fold compared to those in a batch reactor. In addition, the content of palmitic acid at sn-2 position (89.0%) and polyunsaturated fatty acids at sn-1, 3 positions (81...
November 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543951/novel-process-for-the-coproduction-of-xylo-oligosaccharides-fermentable-sugars-and-lignosulfonates-from-hardwood
#13
Caoxing Huang, Ben Jeuck, Jing Du, Qiang Yong, Hou-Min Chang, Hasan Jameel, Richard Phillips
Many biorefineries have not been commercialized due to poor economic returns from final products. In this work, a novel process has been developed to coproduce valuable sugars, xylo-oligosaccharides, and lignosulfonates from hardwood. The modified process includes a mild autohydrolysis pretreatment, which enables for the recovery of the xylo-oligosaccharides in auto-hydrolysate. Following enzymatic hydrolysis, the residue is sulfomethylated to produce lignosulfonates. Recycling the sulfomethylation residues increased both the glucan recovery and lignosulfonate production...
November 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496243/development-and-initial-cohort-validation-of-the-arthritis-research-uk-musculoskeletal-health-questionnaire-msk-hq-for-use-across-musculoskeletal-care-pathways
#14
Jonathan C Hill, Sujin Kang, Elena Benedetto, Helen Myers, Steven Blackburn, Stephanie Smith, Kate M Dunn, Elaine Hay, Jonathan Rees, David Beard, Sion Glyn-Jones, Karen Barker, Benjamin Ellis, Ray Fitzpatrick, Andrew Price
OBJECTIVES: Current musculoskeletal outcome tools are fragmented across different healthcare settings and conditions. Our objectives were to develop and validate a single musculoskeletal outcome measure for use throughout the pathway and patients with different musculoskeletal conditions: the Arthritis Research UK Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire (MSK-HQ). SETTING: A consensus workshop with stakeholders from across the musculoskeletal community, workshops and individual interviews with a broad mix of musculoskeletal patients identified and prioritised outcomes for MSK-HQ inclusion...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491666/ethnographic-process-evaluation-of-a-quality-improvement-project-to-improve-transitions-of-care-for-older-people
#15
Elizabeth Sutton, Mary Dixon-Woods, Carolyn Tarrant
OBJECTIVES: Quality improvement projects to address transitions of care across care boundaries are increasingly common but meet with mixed success for reasons that are poorly understood. We aimed to characterise challenges in a project to improve transitions for older people between hospital and care homes. DESIGN: Independent process evaluation, using ethnographic observations and interviews, of a quality improvement project. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: An English hospital and two residential care homes for older people...
August 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449019/socioeconomic-constraints-on-the-technological-choices-in-rural-sewage-treatment
#16
Baojing Gu, Liangcong Fan, Zechun Ying, Qingshan Xu, Weidong Luo, Ying Ge, Steffanie Scott, Jie Chang
Technological innovation is one of the potential engines to mitigate environmental pollution. However, the implementation of new technologies sometimes fails owing to socioeconomic constraints from different stakeholders. Thus, it is essential to analyze constraints of environmental technologies in order to build a pathway for their implementation. In this study, taking three technologies on rural sewage treatment in Hangzhou, China as a case study, i.e., wastewater treatment plant (WTP), constructed wetland (CW), and biogas system, we analyzed how socioeconomic constraints affect the technological choices...
July 23, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446219/a-coproduction-community-based-approach-to-reducing-smoking-prevalence-in-a-local-community-setting
#17
G J McGeechan, D Woodall, L Anderson, L Wilson, G O'Neill, D Newbury-Birch
Research highlights that asset-based community development where local residents become equal partners in service development may help promote health and well-being. This paper outlines baseline results of a coproduction evaluation of an asset-based approach to improving health and well-being within a small community through promoting tobacco control. Local residents were recruited and trained as community researchers to deliver a smoking prevalence survey within their local community and became local health champions, promoting health and well-being...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432633/biotechnological-advances-towards-an-enhanced-peroxidase-production-in-pichia-pastoris
#18
Florian W Krainer, Michaela A Gerstmann, Barbara Darnhofer, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Anton Glieder
Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is a high-demand enzyme for applications in diagnostics, bioremediation, biocatalysis and medicine. Current HRP preparations are isolated from horseradish roots as mixtures of biochemically diverse isoenzymes. Thus, there is a strong need for a recombinant production process enabling a steady supply with enzyme preparations of consistent high quality. However, most current recombinant production systems are limited at titers in the low mg/L range. In this study, we used the well-known yeast Pichia pastoris as host for recombinant HRP production...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404113/experimental-protocol-for-biodiesel-production-with-isolation-of-alkenones-as-coproducts-from-commercial-isochrysis-algal-biomass
#19
Gregory W O'Neil, John R Williams, Julia Wilson-Peltier, Gerhard Knothe, Christopher M Reddy
The need to replace petroleum fuels with alternatives from renewable and more environmentally sustainable sources is of growing importance. Biomass-derived biofuels have gained considerable attention in this regard, however first generation biofuels from edible crops like corn ethanol or soybean biodiesel have generally fallen out of favor. There is thus great interest in the development of methods for the production of liquid fuels from domestic and superior non-edible sources. Here we describe a detailed procedure for the production of a purified biodiesel from the marine microalgae Isochrysis...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394941/composition-and-functionality-of-whey-protein-phospholipid-concentrate-and-delactosed-permeate
#20
M A Levin, K J Burrington, R W Hartel
Whey protein phospholipid concentrate (WPPC) and delactosed permeate (DLP) are 2 coproducts of cheese whey processing that are currently underused. Past research has shown that WPPC and DLP can be used together as a functional dairy ingredient in foods such as ice cream, soup, and caramel. However, the scope of the research has been limited to 1 WPPC supplier. The objective of this research was to fully characterize a range of WPPC. Four WPPC samples and 1 DLP sample were analyzed for chemical composition and functionality...
September 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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