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Sophie G B Neech, Helen Scott, Helena M Priest, Eleanor J Bradley, Alison E Tweed
INTRODUCTION: Despite guidance promoting user involvement, meaningful involvement continues to be debated within services. To effectively implement involvement, it is important to acknowledge why users devote time to such activities. AIM: This study explores user representatives' experiences of involvement, including motivations and personal benefits. METHOD: Thirteen user representatives involved in activities such as staff training and interviews were recruited from a UK National Health Service mental health Trust during 2015...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Jens Nygren, Elena Zukauskaite, Niklas Westberg
BACKGROUND: This project concerns advancing knowledge, methods, and logic for user participation in coproduction of health innovations. Such advancement is vital for several reasons. From a user perspective, participation in coproduction provides an opportunity to gain real influence over goal definition, design, and implementation of health innovations, ensuring that the solution developed solves real problems in right ways. From a societal perspective, it's a mean to improve the efficiency of health care and the implementation of the Patient Act...
May 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Taher Uz Zaman, Maha Alrodayyan, Maha Albladi, Mohammed Aldrees, Mohammed Ismail Siddique, Sameera Aljohani, Hanan H Balkhy
BACKGROUND: The nexus between resistance determinants, plasmid type, and clonality appears to play a crucial role in the dissemination and survival of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). The incidence of infections involving CRKP in Saudi Arabia is increasing and there is a need for detailed molecular profiling of this pathogen for CRKP surveillance and control. METHODS: The resistance determinants of 71 non-redundant CRKP isolates were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing...
May 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Todd M Preston, Michael J Borgreen, Andrew M Ray
Wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of North America support macroinvertebrate communities that are integral to local food webs and important to breeding waterfowl. Macroinvertebrates in PPR wetlands are primarily generalists and well adapted to within and among year changes in water permanence and salinity. The Williston Basin, a major source of U.S. energy production, underlies the southwest portion of the PPR. Development of oil and gas results in the coproduction of large volumes of highly saline, sodium chloride dominated water (brine) and the introduction of brine can alter wetland salinity...
April 30, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Sebastian von Peter, Gwen Schulz
To date, there is little research on personal crisis experiences of mental health professionals. The aim of this study was to explore some of the reasons for why self-disclosure is so difficult and how these difficulties may prevent productive forms of coproduction. These questions are addressed both from a psychiatrist's autoethnographic account and from the perspective of a peer worker who works in various coproductive relationships. It is shown that mental health professionals often revert to an "I-as-we", speaking of themselves as a collective and thereby reifying the boundaries between 'vulnerable users' and 'invulnerable professionals'...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Juana Fernández-López, Raquel Lucas-González, Manuel Viuda-Martos, Estrella Sayas-Barberá, José Angel Pérez-Alvarez
The aim of this work was to characterize the coproduct obtained from chia oil production (cold-pressing) with a view to its possible application in new food product development. For this characterization, the following determinations were made: proximate composition, physicochemical analysis, techno-functional properties, total phenolic and flavonoid content, polyphenolic profile and antioxidant capacity (using four different methods). Chia coproduct showed significantly higher levels of proteins and total dietary fiber and lower levels of fats than chia seeds, pointing to the promising nature of this coproduct as an ingredient of food formulations since it remains a source of high biological value proteins and total dietary fiber (as chia seeds themselves) but with a lower energy value...
April 30, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Richard D Adams, Jonathan D Tedder
Hydrocarbamoylation of C2 H2 by N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) to N, N-dimethylacrylamide was effected by a series of cluster-opening reactions with Ru5 (μ5 -C)(CO)15 (1). The reaction of 1 with DMF yielded the new complexes Ru5 (μ5 -C)(CO)14 (μ-η2 -O═CNMe2 )(μ-H) (2) and a minor coproduct Ru5 (μ5 -C)(CO)13 (HNMe2 )(μ-η2 -O═CNMe2 )(μ-H) (3) by a cluster-opening activation of the formyl C-H bond of DMF. Compound 3 was obtained from 2 by a further reaction with DMF. Compound 3 reacted with C2 H2 (1 atm, 70 °C) to yield Ru5 (μ5 -C)(CO)13 (μ-η3 -O═CNMe2 CHCH)(μ-H) (4) by the addition and coupling of C2 H2 to the bridging dimethylformamido ligand...
April 30, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Ajay Gajanan Bhave, Declan Conway, Suraje Dessai, David A Stainforth
Decision-Making Under Uncertainty (DMUU) approaches have been less utilized in developing countries than developed countries for water resources contexts. High climate vulnerability and rapid socioeconomic change often characterize developing country contexts, making DMUU approaches relevant. We develop an iterative multi-method DMUU approach, including scenario generation, coproduction with stakeholders and water resources modeling. We apply this approach to explore the robustness of adaptation options and pathways against future climate and socioeconomic uncertainties in the Cauvery River Basin in Karnataka, India...
February 2018: Water Resources Research
Edgard Gnansounou, Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman
Among the renewables, non-food and wastelands based biofuels are essential for the transport sector to achieve country's climate mitigation targets. With the growing interest in biorefineries, setting policy requirements for other coproducts along with biofuels is necessary to improve the products portfolio of biorefinery, increase the bioproducts perception by the consumers and push the technology forward. Towards this context, Claiming-Based allocation models were used in comparative life cycle assessment of multiple products from wheat straw biorefinery and vetiver biorefinery...
April 24, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Uma Chaudhary, Shipra Agarwal, Kausalya Raghuraman
Introduction: Identification of Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL), AmpC production and carbapenemase production among isolates of Escherichia coli , helps clinician to rationalize the choice of antibiotics. However, there is a lack of simple and effective method for simultaneous identification of these beta lactamases. Aim: To determine the concurrent production of beta lactamases using twelve disc method on E. coli isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 multidrug resistant E...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
E D Mauch, J M Young, N V L Serão, W L Hsu, J F Patience, B J Kerr, T E Weber, N K Gabler, J C M Dekkers
Residual feed intake (RFI) is the difference between observed and predicted feed intake of an animal, based on growth and maintenance requirements. In Yorkshire pigs, divergent selection for increased (Low RFI) and decreased (High RFI) RFI was carried out over 10 generations (G) while feeding a corn- and soybean-meal-based, higher-energy, lower-fiber (HELF) diet. In G8 to G10, representing 4 replicates, barrows and gilts (n = 649) of the RFI lines were fed the HELF diet and a diet incorporating coproducts that were lower in energy and higher in dietary fiber (LEHF)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Rebecca Baines, John Donovan, Sam Regan de Bere, Julian Archer, Ray Jones
BACKGROUND: Responding to online patient feedback is considered integral to patient safety and quality improvement. However, guidance on how to respond effectively is limited, with limited attention paid to patient perceptions and reactions. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors considered potentially helpful in enhancing response quality; coproduce a best-practice response framework; and quality-appraise existing responses. DESIGN: A four-stage mixed methodology: (i) systematic search of stories published on Care Opinion about adult mental health services in the South West of England; (ii) collaborative thematic analysis of responses to identify factors potentially helpful in enhancing response quality; (iii) validation of identified factors by a patient-carer group (n = 12) leading to the coproduction of a best-practice response framework; and (iv) quality appraisal of existing responses...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Marsha I Lester, Stephen J Klippenstein
Alkene ozonolysis is a primary oxidation pathway for anthropogenic and biogenic alkenes emitted into the troposphere. It is also an important source of atmospheric hydroxyl (OH) radicals, often called the atmosphere's detergent. Alkene ozonolysis takes place through a highly exothermic reaction pathway with multiple intermediates and barriers prior to releasing the OH radical products. This Account focuses on a key reaction intermediate with a carbonyl oxide functional group (-COO), known as the Criegee intermediate, which is formed along with a carbonyl coproduct in alkene ozonolysis reactions...
April 3, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Min Kyeong Cha, Cheol-In Kang, So Hyun Kim, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Nam Yong Lee, Jae-Hoon Song
We investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility, the genotypic distributions of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC genes, and the molecular epidemiology of AmpC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (AmpC-KP) isolates causing bacteremia. Among 260 K. pneumoniae clinical isolates included in this study, plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamases were found in 20.7% (54/260), which included DHA-1 (96.3%, 52/54), CMY-2 (3.7%, 2/54), and CMY-10 (1.9%, 1/54). One isolate also produced DHA-1 along with CMY-2. Of the 54 AmpC-KP isolates, 31 isolates (57...
March 27, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Kohei Yamada, Yuki Igarashi, Tatsuki Betsuyaku, Masanori Kitamura, Koki Hirata, Kazuhito Hioki, Munetaka Kunishima
A new triazine-based oxidizing reagent, 2-hydroperoxy-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (Triazox), has been developed. The reagent can be synthesized from inexpensive starting materials and is a bench-stable solid that is isolable in pure form. Epoxidation of alkenes possessing acid-sensitive functionalities using Triazox proceeded in good to excellent yields. The accompanying nonacidic triazinone coproduct can be easily removed by filtration. These features indicate that Triazox is a practically useful oxidizing reagent...
March 23, 2018: Organic Letters
Charlotte F Cole, June H Lee, Abigail Bucuvalas, Yasemin Sırali
Children's media have the capacity to prepare young learners to develop the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to contribute to a more peaceful world. Research suggests international coproductions of Sesame Street and other children's media efforts are linked to positive impact on how viewers perceive themselves and their own cultures, as well as how they perceive others. Creating such media, however, relies on a commitment to a complex development process where the educational needs of children are considered alongside intra- and intergroup dynamics and political realities...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Brenda Happell, Sarah Gordon, Julia Bocking, Pete Ellis, Cath Roper, Jackie Liggins, Chris Platania-Phung, Brett Scholz
Coproduction of research between consumers of mental health services and nonconsumer mental health researchers is increasing. There is some research available describing consumer perspectives of this experience. However, there is a notable lack of research on other (nonconsumer) researcher experiences of and views about consumer involvement in coproduced research. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken to examine perspectives of mental health researchers about consumer involvement in research. In-depth individual interviews were undertaken with 11 nonconsumer mental health researchers in Australia and New Zealand...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, John N Lavis, Goran Tomson, Nelson K Sewankambo
There is a scarcity of empirical data on the influence of initiatives supporting evidence-informed health system policy-making (EIHSP), such as the knowledge translation platforms (KTPs) operating in Africa. To assess whether and how two KTPs housed in government-affiliated institutions in Cameroon and Uganda have influenced: (1) health system policy-making processes and decisions aiming at supporting achievement of the health millennium development goals (MDGs); and (2) the general climate for EIHSP. We conducted an embedded comparative case study of four policy processes in which Evidence Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet) Cameroon and Regional East African Community Health Policy Initiative (REACH-PI) Uganda were involved between 2009 and 2011...
May 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Christina Radl-Karimi, Anne Nicolaisen, Morten Sodemann, Paul Batalden, Christian von Plessen
INTRODUCTION: Immigrant patients often meet barriers to patient-centred healthcare in their new host countries. Given the heterogeneity of patients from ethnic minorities, established strategies for patient centredness might not work in their case. The concept of coproduction provides a new perspective on how to collaboratively create the highest possible value for both the patient and the healthcare system. The concept acknowledges that all service is coproduced and directs attention to the relationship between patient and care provider...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Leslie A Favier, Janalee Taylor, Kristin Loiselle Rich, Karla B Jones, Sheetal S Vora, Julia G Harris, Beth S Gottlieb, Lisa Robbins, Jamie T Lai, Tzielan Lee, Melanie Kohlheim, Jennifer Gill, Laura Bouslaugh, Angela Young, Nancy Griffin, Esi M Morgan, Avani C Modi
OBJECTIVE: Nonadherence is currently an underrecognized and potentially modifiable obstacle to care in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The purpose of our study was to design and implement a standardized approach to identifying adherence barriers for youth with JIA across 7 pediatric rheumatology clinics through the Pediatric Rheumatology Care and Outcomes Improvement Network (PR-COIN) and to assess the frequency of adherence barriers in patients and their caregivers across treatment modalities...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
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