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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805913/feeding-distillers-grains-soybean-hulls-or-a-mixture-of-both-to-cows-as-a-forage-replacement-effects-on-intake-digestibility-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics
#1
W B Smith, K P Coffey, R T Rhein, E B Kegley, D Philipp, J G Powell, J D Caldwell, A N Young
Coproduct feedstuffs offer a unique and potentially profitable avenue for cattle feeding strategies. However, research is lacking in the evaluation of varying coproducts on ruminal fermentation and digestive characteristics when included as the major component of the diet of cows. Our objective was to determine the effect of coproduct feedstuffs as a forage replacement on digestive and fermentative characteristics of cows. Eight ruminally fistulated cows (672 ± 32.0 kg initial BW and approximately 9 yr of age) were stratified by BW and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 diets (2 cows∙diet∙period) in a 2-period study: soybean hulls (SH), distillers' dried grains with solubles (DG), an isoenergetic mixture of soybean hulls and distillers' dried grains with solubles (MX), or ad libitum hay plus 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805891/increasing-corn-distillers-solubles-alters-the-liquid-fraction-of-the-ruminal-microbiome
#2
J C McCann, J R Segers, H Derakhshani, T L Felix, E Khafipour, D W Shike
Five ruminally fistulated steers were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square design to determine the effects of increasing dietary fat and sulfur from condensed distiller's solubles (CDS) on the ruminal microbiome. Treatments included a corn-based control (CON) and 4 levels of CDS (0, 10, 19, and 27%) in a coproduct-based (corn gluten feed and soybean hulls) diet. Fat concentrations were 1.79, 4.43, 6.80, and 8.91% for diets containing 0, 10, 19, and 27% CDS, respectively. Steers were fed for ad libitum intake once daily...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805885/effects-of-steeped-or-fermented-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-growth-performance-in-weanling-pigs
#3
M Wiseman, B McBride, J Li, D Wey, J Zhu, C F M de Lange
Coproduct feeding value may be improved by enzyme and microbial inoculant treatment in liquid diets. Three experiments were conducted to assess growth performance in newly weaned 20-d-old pigs fed corn- and soybean meal-based diets with untreated, steeped, or partially fermented distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) from day of weaning. In Exp. 1, conventionally dry fed diets with untreated DDGS (DDGS) or without DDGS (Control) were fed. In Exp. 2, liquid diets (25% DM [75% moisture]) were fed with enzymes (β-glucanase and xylanase at 67...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780267/coproduction-of-lignin-and-glucose-from-vine-shoots-by-eco-friendly-strategies-toward-the-development-of-an-integrated-biorefinery
#4
Izaskun Dávila, Patricia Gullón, María A Andrés, Jalel Labidi
The objective of this work was to study the suitability of the pretreated vine shoots as a source of lignin and to determine its structural features. The best conditions to achieve the aim of this work were 12% NaOH, 124°C and 105min, as they permitted a removal of 67.7% of the lignin present in the pretreated vine shoots and the obtaining of a solid with a 69.4% of glucan. This delignified solid was subjected to an enzymatic hydrolysis achieving a conversion of glucan to glucose close to 100%. The characterization of lignins extracted from pretreated vine shoots was carried out for the first time and the following techniques were employed: a quantitative acid hydrolysis, HPSEC, TGA, FTIR and Pyrolysis-GC/MS...
July 21, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727075/amino-acid-digestibility-by-weanling-pigs-of-processed-ingredients-originating-from-soybeans-00-rapeseeds-or-a-fermented-mixture-of-plant-ingredients
#5
D M D L Navarro, Y Liu, T S Bruun, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in 4 sources of processed soybean products, in conventional dehulled soybean meal (SBM-CV), in conventional 00-rapeseed expellers (RSE), and in a fermented coproduct mixture (FCM) that contained rapeseed meal, wheat, soy molasses, and potato peel fed to weanling pigs. The 4 processed soybean products included 2 sources of enzyme-treated soybean meal (ESBM-1 and ESBM-2), extruded soybean meal, and soy protein concentrate (SPC)...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727056/effects-of-protein-and-fat-concentration-in-coproduct-based-growing-calf-diets-on-adipogenic-and-lipogenic-gene-expression-blood-metabolites-and-carcass-composition
#6
J R Segers, J J Loor, S J Moisá, D Gonzalez, D W Shike
Crossbred calves ( = 30; age = 95 ± 1.7 d; BW = 179 ± 18 kg) were fed 1 of 5 growing diets: 1) corn-based control, 2) low-fat, low-protein coproduct blend, 3) high-fat, low-protein coproduct blend, 4) low-fat, high-protein coproduct blend, and 5) high-fat, high-protein coproduct blend for 112 d (growing phase) followed by a common corn-based finishing diet (additional 112 d; finishing phase). Calves were biopsied at 0, 112, and 224 d for transcriptional analysis via real-time quantitative PCR of 14 genes associated with adipogenesis and lipogenesis within the muscle...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724257/efficient-coproduction-of-gluconic-acid-and-xylonic-acid-from-lignocellulosic-hydrolysate-by-zn-ii-selective-inhibition-on-whole-cell-catalysis-by-gluconobacter-oxydans
#7
Xuelian Zhou, Xin Zhou, Lu Huang, Rou Cao, Yong Xu
With Zn(II)-selective inhibition on the whole-cell catalysis of Gluconobacter oxydans NL71, gluconic acid and xylonic acid were coproduced efficiently from the hydrolysate of corn stover. Further metabolism of gluconic acid to the by-product 2-ketogluconic acid was prevented by addition of 10g/L ZnCl2. Remarkably, yields of 93.91% of gluconic acid and 93.36% of xylonic acid were obtained with the supplement of ZnCl2 in the synthetic medium, without by-product production. After optimization of the concentrations of ZnCl2 and inocula of the strain, maximum amounts of gluconic acid and xylonic acid were coproduced at titers of 63...
July 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717654/fusion-to-flaviviral-leader-peptide-targets-hiv-1-reverse-transcriptase-for-secretion-and-reduces-its-enzymatic-activity-and-ability-to-induce-oxidative-stress-but-has-no-major-effects-on-its-immunogenic-performance-in-dna-immunized-mice
#8
Anastasia Latanova, Stefan Petkov, Yulia Kuzmenko, Athina Kilpeläinen, Alexander Ivanov, Olga Smirnova, Olga Krotova, Sergey Korolev, Jorma Hinkula, Vadim Karpov, Maria Isaguliants, Elizaveta Starodubova
Reverse transcriptase (RT) is a key enzyme in viral replication and susceptibility to ART and a crucial target of immunotherapy against drug-resistant HIV-1. RT induces oxidative stress which undermines the attempts to make it immunogenic. We hypothesized that artificial secretion may reduce the stress and make RT more immunogenic. Inactivated multidrug-resistant RT (RT1.14opt-in) was N-terminally fused to the signal providing secretion of NS1 protein of TBEV (Ld) generating optimized inactivated Ld-carrying enzyme RT1...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674610/the-handy-approach-quick-integrated-person-centred-support-preparation
#9
Liliana Risi, Juliette Brown, Paul Sugarhood, Babalal Depala, Abi Olowosoyo, Cynthia Tomu, Lorena Gonzalez, Maloles Munoz-Cobo, Oladimeji Adekunle, Okumu Ogwal, Eirlys Evans, Amar Shah
Cost effective care requires comprehensive person-centred formulation of solutions. The East London NHS Foundation Trust Community Health Services in Newham have piloted models of Integrated Care called 'Virtual Wards' which aim to keep people living with multiple long-term conditions, well at home by minimising system complexity. These Virtual Wards comprise Interdisciplinary Teams (IDTs) with a General Practitioner (GP) seconded to provide leadership. Historically assessments have been dominated by biomedical approaches with disability emphasised over personal aspirations and ability...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652291/talking-about-human-papillomavirus-and-cancer-development-of-consultation-guides-through-lay-and-professional-stakeholder-coproduction-using-qualitative-quantitative-and-secondary-data
#10
Maggie Hendry, Diana Pasterfield, Simon Gollins, Richard Adams, Mererid Evans, Alison Fiander, Michael Robling, Christine Campbell, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Julia Hiscock, Sadia Nafees, Janice Rose, Margaret Stanley, Olwen Williams, Matthew Makin, Clare Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause all cervical cancer and the majority of vulvar, vaginal, anal, penile and oropharyngeal cancers. Although HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection, public awareness of this is poor. In addition, many clinicians lack adequate knowledge or confidence to discuss sexual transmission and related sensitive issues. Complex science needs to be communicated in a clear, digestible, honest and salient way. Therefore, the aim of this study was to coproduce with patients who have cancer appropriate resources to guide these highly sensitive and difficult consultations...
June 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651048/nutritional-and-metabolic-characteristics-of-brassica-carinata-co-products-from-biofuel-processing-in-dairy-cows
#11
Yajing Ban, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Peiqiang Yu
The increased utilization of Brassica carinata in the biofuel industry in Canada has resulted in the large-scale production of co-products that can be potentially exploited as alternative protein ingredients in dairy ration. The objectives of this study were to investigate the nutritive value of carinata presscake and meal for dairy cows in terms of (1) nutrient and antinutrient composition, (2) rumen degradation kinetics of organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), and neutral detergent fiber, (3) hourly effective degradation ratio and potential N to energy synchronization, (4) intestinal digestion of rumen undegraded protein (RUP), and (5) total metabolizable protein (MP) supply to the small intestine...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612355/effect-of-particle-size-on-phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-properties-of-two-persimmon-flours-from-diospyros-kaki-thunb-vars-rojo-brillante-and-triumph-coproducts
#12
Raquel Lucas-González, Juana Fernández-López, José Ángel Pérez-Álvarez, Manuel Viuda-Martos
BACKGROUND: This contribution studies the influence of the particle size of persimmon flours (from two cultivars, 'Rojo Brillante' and 'Triumph') on their primary (sugars and organic acids) and secondary (polyphenols, flavonoids and carotenoids) metabolite content, and also on their antioxidant activity, to assess whether these flours could find applications in the food industry as a potential functional ingredient. RESULTS: The main sugars were fructose and glucose and the principal organic acid was malic acid...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587806/thermodynamic-performance-of-sng-and-power-coproduction-from-msw-with-recovery-of-chemical-unreacted-gas
#13
Junming Fan, Hui Hong, Le Zhang, Luling Li, Hongguang Jin
A cogeneration system for simultaneously producing synthetic natural gas (SNG) and electric power from municipal solid waste (MSW) is developed. This process provides a disposal method for MSW that is environmentally sustainable and uses as an alternative energy sources. Rather than converting all of the synthesis gas into end products, in the proposed system the unconverted gas is recovered for power generation in a combined-cycle unit. The overall efficiency of the proposed system is 36.33%. The energy efficiency of this system is approximately 8...
June 3, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579172/techno-economic-analysis-of-glucosamine-and-lipid-production-from-marine-diatom-cyclotella-sp
#14
Xuwen Xiang, Altan Ozkan, Omar Chiriboga, Nattaporn Chotyakul, Christine Kelly
A techno-economic analysis (TEA) was performed on glucosamine and lipid production from a marine diatom Cyclotella sp. in raceway open pond (RWP) and tubular photobioreactor (PBR) cultivation systems. Two PBR operating schemes were assessed: one to produce high lipid (HL) content, and another to produce high chitin (HC) content. In order to generate 1kg of glucosamine, 9700kg (RWP)/1050kg (PBR HL) freshwater, 40kg CO2, 0.70kg nitrogen, 0.18kg phosphorus, and 1.2kg silicon nutrients are required for algae cultivation with water and nutrient recovery...
May 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559366/heritage-and-stigma-co-producing-and-communicating-the-histories-of-mental-health-and-learning-disability
#15
Rob Ellis
University engagement with mental health services has traditionally been informed by the vocational and pedagogical links between the two sectors. However, a growth in the interest in public history and in the history of mental healthcare has offered new opportunities for those in the humanities to engage new audiences and to challenge perceptions about care in the past. The introduction of the 'impact agenda' and related funding streams has further encouraged academics to contribute to historical debates, and to those concerning current services...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546653/biosocial-conservation-integrating-biological-and-ethnographic-methods-to-study-human-primate-interactions
#16
Joanna M Setchell, Emilie Fairet, Kathryn Shutt, Siân Waters, Sandra Bell
Biodiversity conservation is one of the grand challenges facing society. Many people interested in biodiversity conservation have a background in wildlife biology. However, the diverse social, cultural, political, and historical factors that influence the lives of people and wildlife can be investigated fully only by incorporating social science methods, ideally within an interdisciplinary framework. Cultural hierarchies of knowledge and the hegemony of the natural sciences create a barrier to interdisciplinary understandings...
2017: International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528086/cellulosic-ethanol-status-and-innovation
#17
REVIEW
Lee R Lynd, Xiaoyu Liang, Mary J Biddy, Andrew Allee, Hao Cai, Thomas Foust, Michael E Himmel, Mark S Laser, Michael Wang, Charles E Wyman
Although the purchase price of cellulosic feedstocks is competitive with petroleum on an energy basis, the cost of lignocellulose conversion to ethanol using today's technology is high. Cost reductions can be pursued via either in-paradigm or new-paradigm innovation. As an example of new-paradigm innovation, consolidated bioprocessing using thermophilic bacteria combined with milling during fermentation (cotreatment) is analyzed. Acknowledging the nascent state of this approach, our analysis indicates potential for radically improved cost competitiveness and feasibility at smaller scale compared to current technology, arising from (a) R&D-driven advances (consolidated bioprocessing with cotreatment in lieu of thermochemical pretreatment and added fungal cellulase), and (b) configurational changes (fuel pellet coproduction instead of electricity, gas boiler(s) in lieu of a solid fuel boiler)...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527285/-genetic-diversity-of-extraintestinal-escherichia-coli-strains-producers-of-beta-lactamases-tem-shv-and-ctx-m-associated-with-healthcare
#18
Yasmin Varela, Beatriz Millán, María Araque
INTRODUCTION: There are few reports from Venezuela describing the genetic basis that sustains the pathogenic potential and phylogenetics of Escherichia coli extraintestinal strains isolated in health care units. OBJECTIVE: To establish the genetic diversity of extraintestinal E. coli strains producers of betalactamases TEM, SHV and CTX-M associated with healthcare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a collection of 12 strains of extraintestinal E...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526796/sulfide-induced-dissimilatory-nitrate-reduction-to-ammonium-supports-anammox-in-an-open-water-unit-process-wetland
#19
Zackary L Jones, Justin T Jasper, David L Sedlak, Jonathan O Sharp
Open-water unit process wetlands host a benthic diatomaceous and bacterial assemblage capable of nitrate removal from treated municipal wastewater with unexpected contributions from anammox processes. In exploring mechanistic drivers of anammox, 16S rRNA gene sequencing profiles of the biomat revealed significant microbial community shifts along the flow path and with depth. Notably there was an increasing abundance of sulfate reducers (Desulfococcus and other Deltaproteobacteria) and anammox microorganisms (Brocadiaceae) with depth...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503342/phenotypic-detection-and-antibiogram-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-proteus-species-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-india
#20
N Pal, S Hooja, R Sharma, R K Maheshwari
BACKGROUND: Proteus species cause a variety of community- and hospital-acquired illnesses. Synthesis of β-lactamases is the predominant mechanism for resistance to β-lactam antibiotics. Among the β-lactamases, extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases are the most common. AIM: The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of ESBL and AmpC β-lactamases in Proteus species among various clinical isolates at a tertiary care hospital, India...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
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