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Charlotte F Cole, June H Lee, Abigail Bucuvalas, Yasemin Sırali
Children's media have the capacity to prepare young learners to develop the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to contribute to a more peaceful world. Research suggests international coproductions of Sesame Street and other children's media efforts are linked to positive impact on how viewers perceive themselves and their own cultures, as well as how they perceive others. Creating such media, however, relies on a commitment to a complex development process where the educational needs of children are considered alongside intra- and intergroup dynamics and political realities...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Brenda Happell, Sarah Gordon, Julia Bocking, Pete Ellis, Cath Roper, Jackie Liggins, Chris Platania-Phung, Brett Scholz
Coproduction of research between consumers of mental health services and nonconsumer mental health researchers is increasing. There is some research available describing consumer perspectives of this experience. However, there is a notable lack of research on other (nonconsumer) researcher experiences of and views about consumer involvement in coproduced research. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken to examine perspectives of mental health researchers about consumer involvement in research. In-depth individual interviews were undertaken with 11 nonconsumer mental health researchers in Australia and New Zealand...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, John N Lavis, Goran Tomson, Nelson K Sewankambo
There is a scarcity of empirical data on the influence of initiatives supporting evidence-informed health system policy-making (EIHSP), such as the knowledge translation platforms (KTPs) operating in Africa. To assess whether and how two KTPs housed in government-affiliated institutions in Cameroon and Uganda have influenced: (1) health system policy-making processes and decisions aiming at supporting achievement of the health millennium development goals (MDGs); and (2) the general climate for EIHSP. We conducted an embedded comparative case study of four policy processes in which Evidence Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet) Cameroon and Regional East African Community Health Policy Initiative (REACH-PI) Uganda were involved between 2009 and 2011...
February 28, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Christina Radl-Karimi, Anne Nicolaisen, Morten Sodemann, Paul Batalden, Christian von Plessen
INTRODUCTION: Immigrant patients often meet barriers to patient-centred healthcare in their new host countries. Given the heterogeneity of patients from ethnic minorities, established strategies for patient centredness might not work in their case. The concept of coproduction provides a new perspective on how to collaboratively create the highest possible value for both the patient and the healthcare system. The concept acknowledges that all service is coproduced and directs attention to the relationship between patient and care provider...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Leslie A Favier, Janalee Taylor, Kristin Loiselle Rich, Karla B Jones, Sheetal S Vora, Julia G Harris, Beth S Gottlieb, Lisa Robbins, Jamie T Lai, Tzielan Lee, Melanie Kohlheim, Jennifer Gill, Laura Bouslaugh, Angela Young, Nancy Griffin, Esi M Morgan, Avani C Modi
OBJECTIVE: Nonadherence is currently an underrecognized and potentially modifiable obstacle to care in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The purpose of our study was to design and implement a standardized approach to identifying adherence barriers for youth with JIA across 7 pediatric rheumatology clinics through the Pediatric Rheumatology Care and Outcomes Improvement Network (PR-COIN) and to assess the frequency of adherence barriers in patients and their caregivers across treatment modalities...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Edgard Gnansounou
This study revisited the fundamentals of allocation to joint products and proposed new models for allocating common greenhouse gases emissions among coproducts of biorefineries. These emissions may account for more than 80% of the total emissions of greenhouse gases of the biorefineries. The proposed models optimize the reward of coproducts for their compliance to environmental requirements. They were illustrated by a case study of wheat straw biorefinery built on the literature. Several scenarios were considered with regard to the grain yield, field emissions of greenhouse gases, allocation between grain and straw and policy requirements...
January 16, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Markus Buchhaupt, Karin Lintz, Sonja Hüttmann, Jens Schrader
The culture supernatant of Caldariomyces fumago strains grown in a minimal medium with fructose contains mainly the biotechnologically relevant enzyme chloroperoxidase (CPO) and only minor amounts of other proteins. Our approach to identify the nature of these proteins via peptide mass fingerprinting and transcriptome analysis demonstrated the presence of putative glycosyl hydrolase and glucose oxidase (GOx) enzymes. These activities had been described earlier as parts of the fungus´ halogenation machinery, as they provide CPO with the co-substrate H2O2...
January 10, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Avery E Wiens, Andreas V Copan, Elliot C Rossomme, Gustavo J R Aroeira, Olivia M Bernstein, Jay Agarwal, Henry F Schaefer
The methylene amidogen radical (H2CN) plays a role in high-energy material combustion and extraterresterial atmospheres. Recent theoretical work has struggled to match experimental assignments for its CN and antisymmetric CH2 stretching frequencies (ν2 and ν5), which were reported to occur at 1725 and 3103 cm-1. Herein, we compute the vibrational energy levels of this molecule by extrapolating quadruples-level coupled-cluster theory to the complete basis limit and adding corrections for vibrational anharmonicity...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Chunhua Xin, Min M Addy, Jinyu Zhao, Yanling Cheng, Yiwei Ma, Shiyu Liu, Dongyan Mu, Yuhuan Liu, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan
Combining wastewater treatment and biofuel production is considered the cost-effective way for better waste remediation and lowering the environmental impact for biofuel production. In this study, an innovative integrated system incorporating sludge, scum and centrate treatment and biofuel production was developed. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted to evaluate the technology and economic feasibility of the integrated system with the consideration of biofuel production, wastewater treatment improvement, tax credits, carbon credit, and coproducts utilization...
November 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Hsin-Chieh Lin, Adeola M Alashi, Rotimi E Aluko, Bonnie Sun Pan, Yu-Wei Chang
Proteins from tilapia frame and skin can potentially be precursors of antihypertensive peptides according to the result of BIOPEP analyses. The aim was to generate peptides with inhibitory effects against angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and renin from tilapia frame and skin protein isolates (FPI and SPI). The most active hydrolysate was then tested for blood pressure-lowering ability in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Tilapia frame and skin protein hydrolysates (FPHs and SPHs) were respectively produced from FPI and SPI hydrolysis using pepsin, papain, or bromelain...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
Fang Liu, Weihua Wu, Mary B Tran-Gyamfi, James D Jaryenneh, Xun Zhuang, Ryan W Davis
BACKGROUND: First generation bioethanol production utilizes the starch fraction of maize, which accounts for approximately 60% of the ash-free dry weight of the grain. Scale-up of this technology for fuels applications has resulted in a massive supply of distillers' grains with solubles (DGS) coproduct, which is rich in cellulosic polysaccharides and protein. It was surmised that DGS would be rapidly adopted for animal feed applications, however, this has not been observed based on inconsistency of the product stream and other logistics-related risks, especially toxigenic contaminants...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
Arif H Kamal, Kathryn B Kirkland, Diane E Meier, Tamara S Morgan, Eugene C Nelson, Steven Z Pantilat
BACKGROUND: Palliative care offers an approach to the care of people with serious illness that focuses on quality of life and aligning care with individual and family goals, and values in the context of what is medically achievable. OBJECTIVE: Measurement of the impact of palliative care is critical for determining what works for which patients in what settings, to learn, improve care, and ensure access to high value care for people with serious illness. METHODS: A learning health system that includes patients and families partnering with clinicians and care teams, is directly linked to a registry to support networks for improvement and research, and offers an ideal framework for measuring what matters to a range of stakeholders interested in improving care for this population...
March 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Maery Kaplan-Hallam, Nathan J Bennett
Concerns about the social consequences of conservation have spurred increased attention the monitoring and evaluation of the social impacts of conservation projects. This has resulted in a growing body of research that demonstrates how conservation can produce both positive and negative social, economic, cultural, health, and governance consequences for local communities. Yet, the results of social monitoring efforts are seldom applied to adaptively manage conservation projects. Greater attention is needed to incorporating the results of social impact assessments in long-term conservation management to minimize negative social consequences and maximize social benefits...
October 24, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Emma Elizabeth Sharpe, Eleni Karasouli, Caroline Meyer
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions for weight management provide a unique opportunity to target daily lifestyle choices and eating behaviors over a sustained period of time. However, recent evidence has demonstrated a lack of user engagement with digital health interventions, impacting on the levels of intervention effectiveness. Thus, it is critical to identify the factors that may facilitate user engagement with digital health interventions to encourage behavior change and weight management...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Barbara Oliva-Arancibia, Nicolás Órdenes-Aenishanslins, Nicolas Bruna, Paula S Ibarra, Flavia C Zacconi, José M Pérez-Donoso, Ignacio Poblete-Castro
Microbial polymers and nanomaterials production is a promising alternative for sustainable bioeconomics. To this end, we used Pseudomonas putida KT2440 as a cell factory in batch cultures to coproduce two important nanotechnology materials- medium-chain-length (MCL)-polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and CdS fluorescent nanoparticles (i.e. quantum dots [QDots]). Due to high cadmium resistance, biomass and PHA yields were almost unaffected by coproduction conditions. Fluorescent nanocrystal biosynthesis was possible only in presence of cysteine...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Jane Noyes, Karen Morgan, Phillip Walton, Abigail Roberts, Leah Mclaughlin, Michael Stephens
INTRODUCTION: The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (the Act) introduced a 'soft opt-out' system of organ donation on 1 December 2015. Citizens are encouraged to make their organ donation decision known during their lifetime. In order to work, the Act and media campaign need to create a context, whereby organ donation becomes the norm, and create a mechanism for people to behave as intended (formally register their decision; consider appointing a representative; convey their donation decision to their families and friends or do nothing-deemed consent)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
Amira Bouaziz, Lotfi Loucif, Ammar Ayachi, Karima Guehaz, Esma Bendjama, Jean-Marc Rolain
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is of great concern to public health worldwide. The aim of this study was to screen for the presence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in white stork (Ciconia ciconia) migratory bird stools, and to investigate their molecular support on β-lactamase production. In March 2015, 32 fecal samples of white stork were collected in the Commune of El Madher Wilaya de Batna, in eastern Algeria. Samples were subjected to selective isolation of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
October 12, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Y D Jang, P Wilcock, R D Boyd, M D Lindemann
Phytate has been shown to be an antinutrient, and the feeding of high levels of phytase can break down phytate to improve nutrient utilization and pig performance. Dietary xylanase targets arabinoxylan breakdown, thereby improving energy utilization in pigs. However, the effects of simultaneous supplementation have not been clearly determined. Crossbred pigs ( = 45; mean initial weight, 26.4 ± 0.2 kg) were allotted to 1 of 9 treatments to evaluate the effects of both xylanase (endo-1,4-β xylanase [EC 3.2...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Eric Lim, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Consumer aggression is common in the acute mental health inpatient setting. Mental health nurses can utilize a range of interventions to prevent aggression or reduce its impact on the person and others who have witnessed the event. Incorporating recovery-focussed care into clinical practice is one intervention, as it fosters collaborative partnerships with consumers. It promotes their engagement in decisions about their care and encourages self-management of their presenting behaviours. It also allows the consumer to engage in their personal recovery as their mental health improve...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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