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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221926/evaluation-of-selected-nutrients-and-contaminants-in-distillers-grains-from-ethanol-production-in-texas
#1
Kyung-Min Lee, Timothy J Herrman, Lynn Post
This article contains the results of the evaluation of distillers grain (DG) coproducts from different ethanol plants around the United States and supplemented in animal diets in Texas, based on samples analyzed from 2008 to 2014. The samples were assessed for concentration, occurrence, and prevalence of selected nutrients and contaminants. Protein and sulfur contents of DG were largely different between maize and sorghum coproducts, as well as wet distillers grain with solubles (WDGS) and dried distillers grain with solubles (DDGS), indicating a significant effect of grain feedstock and dry grind process stream on DG composition and quality...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213083/-health-promotion-and-logic-models
#2
Cecile Marie Dupin
The first phase of interventional research in the health of populations is the development of its conceptual basis. Programme logic models are used to describe the way in which the results should be generated. The programme theory is used to develop intermediary objectives and to increase the chances of success of public health actions. This approach requires the coproduction of knowledge between researchers and partners. The teams can benefit from the application of evaluation to the theory in order to clarify the results obtained...
January 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209815/whole-genome-sequence-of-a-colombian-acinetobacter-baumannii-strain-a-coproducer-of-oxa-72-and-oxa-255-like-carbapenemases
#3
Sandra Yamile Saavedra, Diego Prada-Cardozo, Verónica Rincón, Hermes Pérez-Cardona, Andrea Melissa Hidalgo, María Nilse González, María T Reguero, Emilia M Valenzuela de Silva, José R Mantilla, Laurent Falquet, Emiliano Barreto-Hernández, Carolina Duarte
Colombian Acinetobacter baumannii strain ST920 was isolated from the sputum of a 68-year-old male patient. This isolate possessed blaOXA-72 and blaOXA-255-like genes. The assembled genome contained 4,104,098 pb and 38.79% G+C content. This is the first case reported of the coproduction (blaOXA-72 and blaOXA-255-like) of carbapenem-hydrolyzing class D β-lactamases (CHDLs) in Acinetobacter baumannii.
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174225/supporting-shared-decision-making-for-older-people-with-multiple-health-and-social-care-needs-a-protocol-for-a-realist-synthesis-to-inform-integrated-care-models
#4
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Marie-Anne Durand, Isabel Hodkinson, Greta Rait, Paul Millac, Sue L Davies, Bridget Russell, Patricia Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Including the patient or user perspective is a central organising principle of integrated care. Moreover, there is increasing recognition of the importance of strengthening relationships among patients, carers and practitioners, particularly for individuals receiving substantial health and care support, such as those with long-term or multiple conditions. The overall aims of this synthesis are to provide a context-relevant understanding of how models to facilitate shared decision-making (SDM) might work for older people with multiple health and care needs, and how they might be applied to integrated care models...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144154/occurrence-of-extended-spectrum-and-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-multiple-drug-resistant-salmonella-isolates-from-clinical-samples-in-lagos-nigeria
#5
K O Akinyemi, Bamidele Abiodun Iwalokun, Akeeb O Bola Oyefolu, C O Fakorede
PURPOSE: Salmonella spp. are important foodborne pathogens exhibiting increasing resistance to antimicrobial drugs. Resistance to broad-spectrum β-lactams, mediated by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamase enzymes is fast spreading and has had negative impacts on the clinical outcomes, particularly on third-generation cephalosporins. This study investigated the carriage of AmpC gene among multidrug-resistant Salmonella spp. from Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: Forty Salmonella spp...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139253/determinants-of-evidence-use-in-public-health-policy-making-results-from-a-study-across-six-eu-countries
#6
Ien van de Goor, Riitta-Maija Hämäläinen, Ahmed Syed, Cathrine Juel Lau, Petru Sandu, Hilde Spitters, Leena Eklund Karlsson, Diana Dulf, Adriana Valente, Tommaso Castellani, Arja R Aro
The knowledge-practice gap in public health is widely known. The importance of using different types of evidence for the development of effective health promotion has also been emphasized. Nevertheless, in practice, intervention decisions are often based on perceived short-term opportunities, lacking the most effective approaches, thus limiting the impact of health promotion strategies. This article focuses on facilitators and barriers in the use of evidence in developing health enhancing physical activity policies...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128357/multilevel-interaction-of-the-dnak-dnaj-hsp70-hsp40-stress-responsive-chaperone-machine-with-the-central-metabolism
#7
Fréderic Anglès, Marie-Pierre Castanié-Cornet, Nawel Slama, Mickael Dinclaux, Anne-Marie Cirinesi, Jean-Charles Portais, Fabien Létisse, Pierre Genevaux
Networks of molecular chaperones maintain cellular protein homeostasis by acting at nearly every step in the biogenesis of proteins and protein complexes. Herein, we demonstrate that the major chaperone DnaK/HSP70 of the model bacterium Escherichia coli is critical for the proper functioning of the central metabolism and for the cellular response to carbon nutrition changes, either directly or indirectly via the control of the heat-shock response. We identified carbon sources whose utilization was positively or negatively affected by DnaK and isolated several central metabolism genes (among other genes identified in this work) that compensate for the lack of DnaK and/or DnaK/Trigger Factor chaperone functions in vivo...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125780/tight-binding-of-carboxylate-phosphonate-and-carbamate-anions-to-stoichiometric-cdse-nanocrystals
#8
Peter E Chen, Nicholas C Anderson, Zachariah M Norman, Jonathan S Owen
To completely displace the carboxylate surface ligands from cadmium selenide nanocrystals, oleic acid impurities are first removed using dimethylcadmium or diethylzinc. In addition to metal carboxylate and methane coproducts, reactions with CdMe2 produce surface bound methyl groups (δ = 0.4 ppm, 0.04-0.22 nm(-2)) that photolytically dissociate to methyl radicals and n-doped nanocrystals. Without oleic acid impurities, cadmium carboxylate can be completely displaced from the surface using n-alkylamines (NH2R', R' = n-butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl) (≤0...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100562/healthcare-organisation-and-delivery-for-people-with-dementia-and-comorbidity-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-of-patients-carers-and-professionals
#9
Frances Bunn, Anne-Marie Burn, Louise Robinson, Marie Poole, Greta Rait, Carol Brayne, Johan Schoeman, Sam Norton, Claire Goodman
OBJECTIVES: People living with dementia (PLWD) have a high prevalence of comorbidty. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of dementia on access to non-dementia services and identify ways of improving service delivery for this population. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving interviews and focus groups. Thematic content analysis was informed by theories of continuity of care and access to care. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in the South and North East of England...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093647/evaluation-of-particle-size-influence-on-proximate-composition-physicochemical-techno-functional-and-physio-functional-properties-of-flours-obtained-from-persimmon-diospyros-kaki-trumb-coproducts
#10
Raquel Lucas-González, Manuel Viuda-Martos, José Ángel Pérez-Álvarez, Juana Fernández-López
The aim of the work was to study the influence of particle size in the composition, physicochemical, techno-functional and physio-functional properties of two flours obtained from persimmon (Diospyros kaki Trumb. cvs. 'Rojo Brillante' (RBF) and 'Triump' (THF) coproducts. The cultivar (RBF and THF) and particle size significantly affected all parameters under study, although depending on the evaluated property, only one of these effects predominated. Carbohydrates (38.07-46.98 g/100 g) and total dietary fiber (32...
January 16, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053236/cd8-t-cells-that-coexpress-ror%C3%AE-t-and-t-bet-are-functionally-impaired-and-expand-in-patients-with-distal-bile-duct-cancer
#11
Stalin Chellappa, Harald Hugenschmidt, Morten Hagness, Saranya Subramani, Espen Melum, Pål Dag Line, Knut-Jørgen Labori, Gro Wiedswang, Kjetil Taskén, Einar Martin Aandahl
CD8(+) T cells that express retinoic acid-related orphan receptor (ROR)γt (TC17 cells) have been shown to promote procarcinogenic inflammation and contribute to a tolerogenic microenvironment in tumors. We investigated their phenotype and functional properties in relationship to the pathogenesis of human distal bile duct cancer (DBDC). DBDC patients had an elevated level of type 17 immune responses and the frequency of CD8(+)RORγt(+) T cells (TC17 cells) was increased in peripheral blood. The CD8(+)RORγt(+) T cells represented a highly activated subset and produced IL-17A in equal amount as CD4(+)RORγt(+) T cells (TH17 cells)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004884/fermentation-of-glycerol-by-anaerobium-acetethylicum-and-its-potential-use-in-biofuel-production
#12
Yogita Patil, Madan Junghare, Nicolai Müller
Growth of biodiesel industries resulted in increased coproduction of crude glycerol which is therefore becoming a waste product instead of a valuable 'coproduct'. Glycerol can be used for the production of valuable chemicals, e.g. biofuels, to reduce glycerol waste disposal. In this study, a novel bacterial strain is described which converts glycerol mainly to ethanol and hydrogen with very little amounts of acetate, formate and 1,2-propanediol as coproducts. The bacterium offers certain advantages over previously studied glycerol-fermenting microorganisms...
January 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992794/a-comparison-between-corn-and-grain-sorghum-fermentation-rates-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-composition-and-lipid-profiles
#13
David J Johnston, Robert A Moreau
The aim of this study was to determine if the compositional difference between grain sorghum and corn impact ethanol yields and coproduct value when grain sorghum is incorporated into existing corn ethanol facilities. Fermentation properties of corn and grain sorghum were compared utilizing two fermentation systems (conventional thermal starch liquefaction and native starch hydrolysis). Fermentation results indicated that protease addition influenced the fermentation rate and yield for grain sorghum, improving yields by 1-2% over non-protease treated fermentations...
February 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940633/supporting-underserved-patients-with-their-medicines-a-study-protocol-for-a-patient-professional-coproduced-education-intervention-for-community-pharmacy-staff-to-improve-the-provision-and-delivery-of-medicine-use-reviews-murs
#14
Asam Latif, Kristian Pollock, Claire Anderson, Justin Waring, Josie Solomon, Li-Chia Chen, Emma Anderson, Sulma Gulzar, Nasa Abbasi, Heather Wharrad
INTRODUCTION: Community pharmacy increasingly features in global strategies to modernise the delivery of primary healthcare. Medicine Use Reviews (MURs) form part of the English Government's medicines management strategy to improve adherence and reduce medicine waste. MURs provide space for patient-pharmacist dialogue to discuss the well-known problems patients experience with medicine taking. However, 'underserved' communities (eg, black and minority ethnic communities, people with mental illness), who may benefit the most, may not receive this support...
December 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927969/combined-single-cell-measurement-of-cytokine-mrna-and-protein-identifies-t-cells-with-persistent-effector-function
#15
Benoit P Nicolet, Aurelie Guislain, Monika C Wolkers
Effective T cell responses entail the coproduction of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-2. Cytokine production is determined by transcriptional and posttranscriptional events. However, increased transcript levels do not always translate into protein production, and therefore simultaneous transcripts and protein measurement are essential for the appropriate analysis of T cell responses. In this study, we optimized flow cytometry-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (Flow-FISH) for IFN-γ to multicolor flow cytometry that allows for single-cell measurement of mRNA and protein levels...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923610/algal-polycultures-enhance-coproduct-recycling-from-hydrothermal-liquefaction
#16
Casey M Godwin, David C Hietala, Aubrey R Lashaway, Anita Narwani, Phillip E Savage, Bradley J Cardinale
The aim of this study was to determine if polycultures of algae could enhance tolerance to aqueous-phase coproduct (ACP) from hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of algal biomass to produce biocrude. The growth of algal monocultures and polycultures was characterized across a range ACP concentrations and sources. All of the monocultures were either killed or inhibited by 2% ACP, but polycultures of the same species were viable at up to 10%. The addition of ACP increased the growth rate (up to 25%) and biomass production (53%) of polycultures, several of which were more productive in ACP than any monoculture was in the presence or absence of ACP...
January 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898877/effects-of-full-fat-or-defatted-rice-bran-on-growth-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-weanling-pigs
#17
G A Casas, H H Stein
The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of increased concentrations of full fat rice bran (FFRB) or defatted rice bran (DFRB) in diets without or with supplementation of an exogenous xylanase on growth performance and blood characteristics in weanling pigs. A total of 532 pigs (9.3 ± 0.5 kg initial BW) were allotted to 14 diets in 4 blocks and 8 replicate pens per diet in a randomized complete block design. There were 4 or 5 pigs per pen. A basal diet containing corn, soybean meal, and whey powder and 6 diets containing corn, soybean meal, whey powder, and 10, 20, or 30% FFRB or 10, 20, or 30% DFRB were used...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880986/nutrients-amino-acid-fatty-acid-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-profile-and-in-vitro-digestibility-of-macadamia-nut-cake-in-swine
#18
Utsav P Tiwari, Rajesh Jha
The highly variable cost and limited availability of conventional feedstuffs make it imperative to explore alternative feedstuffs to be used in swine. Macadamia nut cake (MNC), a coproduct of the macadamia nut oil industry, has not been well studied. MNC was analyzed for its nutrient profile, gross energy (GE), fibers, amino acids and fatty acids content. Dry matter (DM) and GE digestibility of MNC in swine was determined using an in vitro model. On a DM basis, ash, crude protein, ether extract, NDF, ADF, lignin and GE were found to be 3...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872964/toward-sustainable-amino-acid-production
#19
Yoshihiro Usuda, Yoshihiko Hara, Hiroyuki Kojima
Because the global amino acid production industry has been growing steadily and is expected to grow even more in the future, efficient production by fermentation is of great importance from economic and sustainability viewpoints. Many systems biology technologies, such as genome breeding, omics analysis, metabolic flux analysis, and metabolic simulation, have been employed for the improvement of amino acid-producing strains of bacteria. Synthetic biological approaches have recently been applied to strain development...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867207/purification-of-bioactive-lipopeptides-produced-by-bacillus-subtilis-strain-bia
#20
Muaaz Alajlani, Abid Shiekh, Shahida Hasnain, Adelheid Brantner
Bacillus subtilis strain BIA was used for the production of bioactive lipopeptides. Different extraction and purification methods were assayed as liquid-liquid extraction, and acid and ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by TLC, SPE, and gel filtration. Active fractions were further purified using RP-HPLC. The molecular mass of the purified product from HPLC was determined through Tris-Tricine SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS. The results revealed that Bacillus subtilis strain BIA produced surfactin and iturin like compounds...
2016: Chromatographia
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