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Yerba mate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229135/the-colonic-metabolites-dihydrocaffeic-acid-and-dihydroferulic-acid-are-more-effective-inhibitors-of-in-vitro-platelet-activation-than-their-phenolic-precursors
#1
Gema Baeza, Eva-Maria Bachmair, Sharon Wood, Raquel Mateos, Laura Bravo, Baukje de Roos
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The consumption of a healthy diet rich in polyphenols has been inversely associated with the development of CVD. This study evaluated the effects of green coffee bean extract (GCBE) and yerba mate phenolic extract (YMPE), the main phenolic and methylxanthine constituents (5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, caffeine, and theobromine), and their main metabolites (caffeic acid, ferulic acid, dihydrocaffeic acid (DHCA) and dihydroferulic acid (DHFA)) on platelet activation in vitro...
February 23, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222328/effects-of-cooking-methods-and-tea-marinades-on-the-formation-of-benzo-a-pyrene-in-grilled-pork-belly-samgyeopsal
#2
Keun-Cheol Park, HeeSoo Pyo, WooSeok Kim, Ki Sun Yoon
We investigated the effects of different grilling tools, temperatures, and tea marinades on the formation of benzo[a]pyrene in grilled pork belly as well as the antioxidant capacities of tea marinades. The least amount of benzo[a]pyrene was detected in modified charcoal-grilled pork belly (1.28μg/kg). The highest risk factors for the formation of benzo[a]pyrene are direct contact with flames and fat excess on the heating source. A modified charcoal grill can be used as an alternative grilling tool to meet consumer needs for safety and taste...
February 14, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209193/up601-a-standardized-botanical-composition-composed-of-morus-alba-yerba-mate-and-magnolia-officinalis-for-weight-loss
#3
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Eu-Jin Hyun, Hyun-Jin Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is surging in an alarming rate all over the world. Pharmaceutical drugs are considered potential adjunctive therapy to lifestyle modification. However, for most, besides being too expensive, their long term usages are hindered by their severe adverse effects. Here we describe the effect of UP601, a standardized blend of extracts from Morus alba, Yerba mate and Magnolia officinalis, in modulating a number of obesity-related phenotypic and biochemical markers in a high-fat high-fructose (HFF)-induced C57BL/6J mouse model of obesity...
February 16, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074613/health-benefits-of-methylxanthines-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Ainhoa Oñatibia-Astibia, Rafael Franco, Eva Martínez-Pinilla
Methylxanthines (MTXs) are consumed by almost everybody in almost every area of the world. Caffeine, theophylline and theobromine are the most well-known members of this family of compounds; they are present, inter alia, in coffee, tea, cacao, yerba mate and cola drinks. MTXs are readily absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and are able to penetrate into the central nervous system, where they exert significant psychostimulant actions, which are more evident in acute intake. Coffee has been paradigmatic, as its use was forbidden in many diseases, however, this negative view has radically changed; evidence shows that MTXs display health benefits in diseases involving cell death in the nervous system...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920084/caffeine-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-adhd-at-the-age-of-11%C3%A2-years-a-birth-cohort-study
#5
Bianca Del-Ponte, Iná S Santos, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Luciana Anselmi, Tiago N Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: Studies evaluating caffeine intake during pregnancy and long-term outcomes, such as the child's neurobehaviour, are still scarce and their results are inconsistent. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal consumption of caffeine during pregnancy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at the age of 11 years. METHODOLOGY: All children born in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, during the year 2004, were selected for a cohort study...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714004/yerba-mate-ilex-paraguariensis-inhibits-lymphocyte-activation-in-vitro
#6
Maider Muñoz-Culla, Matías Sáenz-Cuesta, Maier J Guereca-Barandiaran, Marcelo L Ribeiro, David Otaegui
Yerba mate (YM) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties in several studies. However, this effect has been found mainly in obesity-related inflammation. The aim of this work was to study the effect of YM on cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells to see whether it has anti-inflammatory properties. We stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) in the presence of yerba mate and determined their activation by measuring the expression of CD25 by flow cytometry...
November 9, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699065/appetite-suppression-and-antiobesity-effect-of-a-botanical-composition-composed-of-morus-alba-yerba-mate-and-magnolia-officinalis
#7
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Eu-Jin Hyun, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Woo Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
Background. Obesity and its comorbidities continue to challenge the world at an alarming rate. Although the long term solution lies on lifestyle changes in the form of dieting and exercising, drug, medical food, or dietary supplement interventions are required for those who are already obese. Here we describe a standardized blend composed of extracts from three medicinal plants: Morus alba, Yerba mate, and Magnolia officinalis for appetite suppression and metabolic disorders management. Method. Extracts were standardized to yield a composition designated as UP601...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609670/effects-of-ilex-paraguariensis-yerba-mate-on-the-hypothalamic-signalling-of-insulin-and-leptin-and-liver-dysfunction-in-adult-rats-overfed-during-lactation
#8
E P S Conceição, A R Kaezer, N Peixoto-Silva, I Felzenszwalb, E de Oliveira, E G Moura, P C Lisboa
Ilex paraguariensis (yerba mate) has a beneficial effect in the management of obesity. Here, we studied the effects of yerba mate on hypothalamic changes in leptin and insulin signalling, oxidative stress and liver morphology and metabolism in postnatal early overfeeding (EO) Wistar rats. To induce EO, the litter size was reduced to three pups per dam, and litters with 10 pups per dam were used as a control (10 litters each). On postnatal day (PN) 150, EO offspring were subdivided into EO and EO+mate groups (10 animals each), which were treated with water or mate tea [1 g/kg body weight (BW)/day, by gavage], respectively, for 30 days...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535559/bioavailability-of-chlorogenic-acids-in-rats-after-acute-ingestion-of-mat%C3%A3-tea-ilex-paraguariensis-or-5-caffeoylquinic-acid
#9
Daniela Moura de Oliveira, Geni Rodrigues Sampaio, Carolina Bonin Pinto, Rodrigo Ramos Catharino, Deborah H Markowicz Bastos
PURPOSE: Yerba maté is widely consumed in South America as different beverages, such as maté tea (roasted leaves) and chimarrão (green dried leaves), and linked to health benefits, mainly attributed to chlorogenic acids (CGAs). Health effects of CGAs depend on their bioavailability, but such data are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of CGAs and metabolites in tissues, hepatic and plasmatic kinetic profile and urinary excretion after ingestion of maté tea or 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA)...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474554/biodegradability-and-plasticizing-effect-of-yerba-mate-extract-on-cassava-starch-edible-films
#10
Carolina Medina Jaramillo, Tomy J Gutiérrez, Silvia Goyanes, Celina Bernal, Lucía Famá
Biodegradable and edible cassava starch-glycerol based films with different concentrations of yerba mate extract (0, 5 and 20wt.%) were prepared by casting. The plasticizing effect of yerba mate extract when it was incorporated into the matrix as an antioxidant was investigated. Thermal degradation and biodegradability of the obtained biofilms were also studied. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR/FTIR), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), water absorbance, stability in different solutions and biodegradability studies were performed...
October 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272647/biospectroscopy-biospectrometry-and-imaging-of-ilex-paraguariensis-basis-for-non-destructive-quality-evaluation-using-artificial-vision
#11
Tamara L Parapugna, Gabriela Petroselli, Rosa Erra-Basells, M Gabriela Lagorio
Yerba mate (YM) is massively produced and consumed as an infusion in South America and is gaining popularity all over the world. This product is obtained from the dried leaves of Ilex paraguariensis Saint Hilaire, mixed with fragments of its dried branches. For its commercialization YM must have a minimum percentage of leaves according to a standard classification. Until now, composition quantification has been mechanically performed, thus development of new methods is still pending. In this work a quantification method using solid-phase molecular fluorescence, alternately diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and an imaging technique using a scanner have been proposed...
July 6, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223302/effect-of-chocolate-and-yerba-mate-phenolic-compounds-on-inflammatory-and-oxidative-biomarkers-in-hiv-aids-individuals
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aline A Petrilli, Suelen J Souza, Andrea M Teixeira, Patricia M Pontilho, José M P Souza, Liania A Luzia, Patricia H C Rondó
Flavonoids in cocoa and yerba mate have a beneficial role on inflammation and oxidative disorders. Their effect on HIV individuals has not been studied yet, despite the high cardiovascular risk of this population. This study investigated the role of cocoa and yerba mate consumption on oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers in HIV+ individuals. A cross-over, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted in 92 individuals on antiretroviral therapy for at least six months and at viral suppression...
May 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210900/analysis-of-a-whole-diet-in-terms-of-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-capacity-effects-of-a-simulated-gastrointestinal-digestion
#13
Eloá Angélica Koehnlein, Érica Marcela Koehnlein, Rúbia Carvalho Gomes Corrêa, Verônica Sayuri Nishida, Vanesa Gesser Correa, Adelar Bracht, Rosane Marina Peralta
This work compares the phenolic contents and the total antioxidant capacity of the 36 most popular Brazilian foods submitted to aqueous extraction or in vitro digestion. The purpose was to evaluate the extent by which digestion differs from the simple aqueous extraction procedures of several food matrices. After in vitro digestion, cereals, legumes, vegetables, tuberous vegetables, chocolates and fruits showed higher phenolic contents and higher antioxidant activities than those obtained by aqueous extraction...
September 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173551/yerba-mate-ilex-paraguariensis-st-hill-based-beverages-how-successive-extraction-influences-the-extract-composition-and-its-capacity-to-chelate-iron-and-scavenge-free-radicals
#14
Ana C Colpo, Hemerson Rosa, Maria Eduarda Lima, Camila Eliza F Pazzini, Vanessa B de Camargo, Felipa E M Bassante, Robson Puntel, Daiana Silva Ávila, Andreas Mendez, Vanderlei Folmer
Chimarrão or mate is a popular beverage from South America that is drank with successive infusions. Although yerba mate extracts have been widely studied, few studies have described the extract contents in beverages. Using yerba mate samples from Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay, we examined the extract chromatographic profiles, total polyphenol content and their capacities to chelate iron. In addition, we analyzed antioxidant activity by examining the ability of the extracts to scavenge DPPH and NO. Our results showed that the amount of extracted compound was highest in yerba mate extract from Uruguay, followed by Argentina, then Brazil...
October 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116863/the-content-of-linoleic-and-alpha-linolenic-acid-in-different-types-of-yerba-mate-depending-on-country-of-origin-and-the-conditions-of-the-infusion
#15
Dominika Maciejewska, Agnieszka Lukomska, Karolina Jakubczyk, Irena Baranowska-Bosiacka, Ewa Stachowska, Dariusz Chlubek, Izabela Gutowska
INTRODUCTION: Yerba Mate (Ilexparaguariensis) is one of the most widely consumed teas in South America. It is becoming more and more popular in North America and Europe. The aim of the study was a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the fatty acids from the omega 6 and omega 3 families in Yerba Mate teas. METHODS: There were two types of infusions - cold and hot (three brews from the same leaves). Yerba Mate was incu bated for 10 min, then 2 mL of the brew was taken for isola tion...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934149/antioxidant-potential-of-yerba-mate-ilex-paraguariensis-st-hil-extracts-in-saccharomyces-cerevisae-deficient-in-oxidant-defense-genes
#16
A C Piovezan-Borges, C Valério-Júnior, I L Gonçalves, A A Mielniczki-Pereira, A T Valduga
Yerba-mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil) is mainly consumed as "chimarrão", a hot drink highly appreciated in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. This study evaluated the antioxidant potential of aqueous extracts of I. paraguariensis precipitated with ethanol. The leaves were processed as for tea product (TM) and oxidized (OX). The antioxidant potential was evaluated in cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deficient in antioxidant defense genes. Three strains evaluated were: a wild (EG) and two mutants (ctt1Δ e ctt1Δsod1Δ)...
June 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925623/diversity-of-endophytic-fungal-and-bacterial-communities-in-ilex-paraguariensis-grown-under-field-conditions
#17
María Laura Pérez, Mónica Mariana Collavino, Pedro Alfonso Sansberro, Luis Amado Mroginski, Ernestina Galdeano
The composition and diversity of the endophytic community associated with yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) was investigated using culture-depending methods. Fungi were identified based on their micromorphological characteristics and internal transcribed spacer rDNA sequence analysis; for bacteria 16S rDNA sequence analysis was used. Fungal and bacterial diversity did not show significant differences between organ age. The highest fungal diversity was registered during fall season and the lowest in winter. Bacterial diversity was higher in stems and increased from summer to winter, in contrast with leaves, which decreased...
April 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784339/organic-and-conventional-yerba-mate-ilex-paraguariensis-a-st-hil-improves-metabolic-redox-status-of-liver-and-serum-in-wistar-rats
#18
Cátia S Branco, Gustavo Scola, Adriana D Rodrigues, Verónica Cesio, Horacio Heinzen, Alessandra Godoy, Cláudia Funchal, Adriana S Coitinho, Mirian Salvador
Organic and conventional yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) is widely used in South America to prepare nonalcoholic drinks rich in polyphenols. These compounds are able to prevent the generation of reactive species, thus minimizing the incidence of several diseases. In this perspective, we hypothesized that yerba mate may have protective effects against pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced oxidative damage in liver and serum of rats. Animals (n = 42) received distilled water (control) or yerba mate (organic or conventional) for fifteen days...
2013: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26686675/content-of-selected-minerals-and-active-ingredients-in-teas-containing-yerba-mate-and-rooibos
#19
Elżbieta Rusinek-Prystupa, Zbigniew Marzec, Iwona Sembratowicz, Wioletta Samolińska, Bożena Kiczorowska, Małgorzata Kwiecień
The study aimed to determine the content of selected elements: sodium, potassium, copper, zinc, iron, manganese and active ingredients such as phenolic acids and tannins in teas containing Yerba Mate and Rooibos cultivated in various areas. The study material comprised six samples of Yerba Mate teas and of Rooibos teas, both tea bags and leaves, purchased in Puławy and online via Allegro. In total, 24 samples were tested. Yerba Mate was particularly abundant in Mn and Fe. The richest source of these elements was Yerba Mate Yer-Vita (2261...
July 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661577/effect-of-an-ilex-paraguariensis-yerba-mate-extract-on-infarct-size-in-isolated-rat-hearts-the-mechanisms-involved
#20
Luisa F González Arbeláez, Juliana C Fantinelli, Alejandro Ciocci Pardo, Claudia I Caldiz, José Luis Ríos, Guillermo R Schinella, Susana M Mosca
Tea made from Ilex paraguariensis (IP) dried and minced leaves is a beverage widely consumed by large populations in South America as a source of caffeine (stimulant action) and for its medicinal properties. However, there is little information about the action of IP on the myocardium in the ischemia-reperfusion condition. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the effects of an aqueous extract of IP on infarct size in a model of regional ischemia. Isolated rat hearts were perfused by the Langendorff technique and subjected to 40 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 60 min of reperfusion (ischemic control hearts)...
February 2016: Food & Function
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