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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207342/cumulative-lifetime-marijuana-use-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-age-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#1
Jared P Reis, Reto Auer, Michael P Bancks, David C Goff, Cora E Lewis, Mark J Pletcher, Jamal S Rana, James M Shikany, Stephen Sidney
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of marijuana in the development of incident cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. METHODS: Participants were 5113 adults aged 18 to 30 years at baseline (1985-1986) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, who were followed for more than 25 years. We estimated cumulative lifetime exposure to marijuana using repeated assessments collected at examinations every 2 to 5 years. The primary outcome was incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) through 2013...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196265/association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-adults-aged-32-to-46-years-with-incident-coronary-heart-disease-and-death
#2
John Jeffrey Carr, David R Jacobs, James G Terry, Christina M Shay, Stephen Sidney, Kiang Liu, Pamela J Schreiner, Cora E Lewis, James M Shikany, Jared P Reis, David C Goff
Importance: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults. Objective: To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a prospective community-based study that recruited 5115 black and white participants aged 18 to 30 years from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986...
February 8, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079831/gastric-cancer-burden-of-last-40-years-in-north-china-hebei-province-a-population-based-study
#3
Di Liang, Suoyuan Liang, Jing Jin, Daojuan Li, Jin Shi, Yutong He
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in China. It is well known that Cixian in Hebei Province is one of the highest risk areas of GC in China and worldwide. This study aims to accurate assessment of GC burden and trend in high-risk area (Hebei Province) from 1973 to 2013. The authors analyzed GC data from 21 population-based cancer registries which represented 15.25% of the entire population of Hebei Province. The collected data were stratified by 5-year age groups, gender, and area...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076476/do-proximal-and-distal-gastric-tumours-behave-differently
#4
Laurence Bedin da Costa, Marcelo Garcia Toneto, Luis Fernando Moreira
Background: Although the incidence of gastric (adenocarcinoma) cancer has been decreasing over time, it is still one of the most common malignancies worldwide, and proximal tumours tend to have a worse prognosis. Aim: To compare surgical outcomes and prognosis between proximal - excluding tumours of the cardia - and distal gastric cancer. Methods: Out of 293 cases reviewed - 209 with distal and 69 with proximal gastric cancer - were compared for clinical and pathological features, stage, surgical outcome, mortality and survival...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053055/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-risks-in-a-large-us-barrett-s-oesophagus-cohort
#5
Michael B Cook, Sally B Coburn, Jameson R Lam, Philip R Taylor, Jennifer L Schneider, Douglas A Corley
OBJECTIVE: Barrett's oesophagus (BE) increases the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma by 10-55 times that of the general population, but no community-based cancer-specific incidence and cause-specific mortality risk estimates exist for large cohorts in the USA. DESIGN: Within Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), we identified patients with BE diagnosed during 1995-2012. KPNC cancer registry and mortality files were used to estimate standardised incidence ratios (SIR), standardised mortality ratios (SMR) and excess absolute risks...
January 4, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858518/three-united-laparoscopic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-cardia-cancer-a-comparative-study-with-laparotomy-and-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery
#6
Zhanxue Zhang, Shuyuan Sun, Jinchun Qi, Shaofan Qiu, Haijun Wang, Lina Ru, Lin Lin, Zhong Li, Zongmao Zhao
BACKGROUND & AIM: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. We have invented a novel hand-assist device that allows the placement of surgical instruments and the maneuvering of the surgeon's hand, and we have established a new hand-assisted laparoscopic technique called Three United Laparoscopic Surgery (TULS) for laparoscopic dissection of advanced gastric cancer. The present study aimed at exploring the usefulness of TULS in the treatment of advanced gastric cardia cancer...
February 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753995/ed-06-3-blood-pressure-phenotype-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-adults
#7
Yuichiro Yano
Younger adults (ages ≤50 years) are increasingly prone to stroke, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and worsening cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in the US. An alarming increase in prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) related to the obesity epidemic appears to underlie these adverse trends. However, what specific BP characteristics measured in young adulthood optimally predict incident CVD and CKD later in life remains to be determined. Therefore, an optimization of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in BP management for young adults is challenging but essential...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678324/stomach-cancer-burden-in-central-and-south-america
#8
Monica S Sierra, Patricia Cueva, Luis Eduardo Bravo, David Forman
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Stomach cancer mortality rates in Central and South America (CSA) are among the highest in the world. We describe the current burden of stomach cancer in CSA. METHODS: We obtained regional and national-level cancer incidence data from 48 population-based registries (13 countries) and nation-wide cancer deaths from WHO's mortality database (18 countries). We estimated world population age-standardized incidence (ASR) and mortality (ASMR) rates per 100,000 and estimated annual percent change to describe time trends...
September 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642906/ed-06-3-blood-pressure-phenotype-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-adults
#9
Yuichiro Yano
Younger adults (ages ≤50 years) are increasingly prone to stroke, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and worsening cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in the US. An alarming increase in prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) related to the obesity epidemic appears to underlie these adverse trends. However, what specific BP characteristics measured in young adulthood optimally predict incident CVD and CKD later in life remains to be determined. Therefore, an optimization of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in BP management for young adults is challenging but essential...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523409/-radiotherapy-in-cancers-of-the-oesophagus-the-gastric-cardia-and-the-stomach
#10
G Créhange, F Huguet, L Quero, T V N'Guyen, X Mirabel, T Lacornerie
Localized oesophageal and gastric cancers have a poor prognosis. In oesophageal cancer, external radiotherapy combined with concomitant chemotherapy is accepted as part of the therapeutic armamentarium in a curative intent in the preoperative setting for resectable tumours; or without surgery in inoperable patients or non-resectable tumours due to wide local and/or regional extension. Data from the literature show conflicting results with no clinical evidence in favour of either a unique dose protocol or consensual target volume definition in the setting of exclusive chemoradiation...
September 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499162/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-korea-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#11
Jong-Myon Bae, Eun Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: In the context of the global decrease in mortality due to gastric cancer, previous studies have reported that the effect of chronic Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on the incidence of gastric cancer varies among regions. This systematic review was conducted to investigate H. pylori as a risk factor for gastric cancer in Korea, where the incidence of gastric cancer is among the highest in the world. METHODS: A search strategy was established to identify articles published in Korean as well as in English...
July 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343783/construction-of-a-tool-to-measure-perceptions-about-the-use-of-the-world-health-organization-safe-surgery-checklist-program
#12
Luis Antonio Dos Santos Diego, Fabiane Cardia Salman, João Henrique Silva, Julio Cezar Brandão, Getúlio de Oliveira Filho, Antonio Fernando Carneiro, Airton Bagatini, José Mariano de Moraes
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended greater attention to patient safety, particularly regarding preventable adverse events. The Safe Surgery Saves Lives (CSSV) program was released recommending the application of a surgical checklist for items on the safety of procedures. The checklist implementation reduced the hospital mortality rate in the first 30 days. In Brazil, we found no studies of anesthesiologists' adherence to the practice of the checklist. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to develop a tool to measure the attitude of anesthesiologists and residents regarding the use of checklist in the perioperative period...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183032/association-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-with-risk-of-26-types-of-cancer-in-1-44-million-adults
#13
Steven C Moore, I-Min Lee, Elisabete Weiderpass, Peter T Campbell, Joshua N Sampson, Cari M Kitahara, Sarah K Keadle, Hannah Arem, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Patricia Hartge, Hans-Olov Adami, Cindy K Blair, Kristin B Borch, Eric Boyd, David P Check, Agnès Fournier, Neal D Freedman, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johannson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martha S Linet, Nicola Orsini, Yikyung Park, Elio Riboli, Kim Robien, Catherine Schairer, Howard Sesso, Michael Spriggs, Roy Van Dusen, Alicja Wolk, Charles E Matthews, Alpa V Patel
IMPORTANCE: Leisure-time physical activity has been associated with lower risk of heart-disease and all-cause mortality, but its association with risk of cancer is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of leisure-time physical activity with incidence of common types of cancer and whether associations vary by body size and/or smoking. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We pooled data from 12 prospective US and European cohorts with self-reported physical activity (baseline, 1987-2004)...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179730/genetic-loci-associated-with-ideal-cardiovascular-health-a-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#14
Norrina B Allen, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Shih-Jen Hwang, Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, Myriam Fornage, Alanna C Morrison, Abigail S Baldridge, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel Levy, L Adrienne Cupples, Caroline S Fox, George Thanassoulis, Line Dufresne, Martha Daviglus, Andrew D Johnson, Jared Reis, Jerome Rotter, Walter Palmas, Mathew Allison, James S Pankow, Christopher J O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Multiple genetic loci are associated with clinical cardiovascular (CV) disease and individual CV risk factors. Individuals with ideal levels of all major CV risk factors have very low risk for CV disease morbidity or mortality. Ideal levels of risk factors can be attained by lifestyle modifications; however, little is known about gene variants associated with ideal CV health. Our objective was to carry out a genome-wide association study on the trait. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 2 dichotomous phenotypes of ideal CV health-clinical (untreated cholesterol <200 mg/dL, untreated blood pressure <120/<80, not diabetic) and clinical+behavioral (clinical plus: not a current smoker, body mass index <25 kg/m(2))-among white participants aged 50±5 years...
May 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170766/helicobacter-pylori-blood-biomarker-for-gastric-cancer-risk-in-east-asia
#15
Hui Cai, Fei Ye, Angelika Michel, Gwen Murphy, Shizuka Sasazuki, Philip R Taylor, You-Lin Qiao, Sue K Park, Keun-Young Yoo, Sun Ha Jee, Eo Rin Cho, Jeongseon Kim, Sheau-Chiann Chen, Christian C Abnet, Shoichiro Tsugane, Qiuyin Cai, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng, Michael Pawlita, Meira Epplein
BACKGROUND: Incidence and mortality rates for gastric cancer, the fifth most commonly diagnosed and third most deadly cancer worldwide, are highest in East Asia. We sought to identify gastric cancer risk biomarkers among eight prospective studies from China, Japan and Korea. METHODS: This pooled nested case-control study included 1608 incident non-cardia gastric cancer cases and 1958 matched controls. Pre-diagnostic antibody levels to 15 Helicobacter pylori proteins were assessed using multiplex serology...
June 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988559/lutzomyia-migonei-is-a-permissive-vector-competent-for-leishmania-infantum
#16
Vanessa Cristina Fitipaldi Veloso Guimarães, Katerina Pruzinova, Jovana Sadlova, Vera Volfova, Jitka Myskova, Sinval Pinto Brandão Filho, Petr Volf
BACKGROUND: Leishmania infantum is the most widespread etiological agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the world, with significant mortality rates in human cases. In Latin America, this parasite is primarily transmitted by Lutzomyia longipalpis, but the role of Lutzomyia migonei as a potential vector for this protozoan has been discussed. Laboratory and field investigations have contributed to this hypothesis; however, proof of the vector competence of L. migonei has not yet been provided...
March 17, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811556/computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-active-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#17
REVIEW
Fatima Regina Silva Reis, Patricia Prando Cardia, Giuseppe D'Ippolito
Gastrointestinal bleeding represents a common medical emergency, with considerable morbidity and mortality rates, and a prompt diagnosis is essential for a better prognosis. In such a context, endoscopy is the main diagnostic tool; however, in cases where the gastrointestinal hemorrhage is massive, the exact bleeding site might go undetected. In addition, a trained professional is not always present to perform the procedure. In an emergency setting, optical colonoscopy presents limitations connected with the absence of bowel preparation, so most of the small bowel cannot be assessed...
November 2015: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618471/association-of-fitness-in-young-adulthood-with-survival-and-cardiovascular-risk-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#18
Ravi V Shah, Venkatesh L Murthy, Laura A Colangelo, Jared Reis, Bharath Ambale Venkatesh, Ravi Sharma, Siddique A Abbasi, David C Goff, J Jeffrey Carr, Jamal S Rana, James G Terry, Claude Bouchard, Mark A Sarzynski, Aaron Eisman, Tomas Neilan, Saumya Das, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Cora E Lewis, Mercedes Carnethon, Gregory D Lewis, Joao A C Lima
IMPORTANCE: Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is prognostic in older adults, the effect of CRF during early adulthood on long-term cardiovascular structure, function, and prognosis is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether CRF in young adults is associated with long-term clinical outcome and subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective study of 4872 US adults aged 18 to 30 years who underwent treadmill exercise testing at a baseline study visit from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986, and 2472 individuals who underwent a second treadmill test 7 years later...
January 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582388/-construction-of-a-tool-to-measure-perceptions-about-the-use-of-the-world-health-organization-safe-surgery-checklist-program
#19
Luis Antonio Dos Santos Diego, Fabiane Cardia Salman, João Henrique Silva, Julio Cezar Brandão, Getúlio de Oliveira Filho, Antonio Fernando Carneiro, Airton Bagatini, José Mariano de Moraes
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended greater attention to patient safety, particularly regarding preventable adverse events. The Safe Surgery Saves Lives (CSSV) program was released recommending the application of a surgical checklist for items on the safety of procedures. The checklist implementation reduced the hospital mortality rate in the first 30 days. In Brazil, we found no studies of anesthesiologists' adherence to the practice of the checklist. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to develop a tool to measure the attitude of anesthesiologists and residents regarding the use of checklist in the perioperative period...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26458406/dna-methylation-inhibitor-decitabine-promotes-mgc803-gastric-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-via-the-upregulation-of-nedd4%C3%A2-1
#20
Dong Li, Chun-Yan Xu, Rong-Jun Cui, Jie-Bing Tang, Hui Sun, Zheng-Kai Yang, Jing-Yi Bu, Ping Lin, Ning Huang, Yan-Dan Du, Xiao-Guang Yu
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer type and the second leading cause of cancer‑associated mortality worldwide. Metastasis is a crucial feature of its progression. DNA methylation provides a key epigenetic signature in the epigenetic regulation pathway, and is implicated in transcriptional regulation. CpG sites, which are associated with gene transcriptional activity, are underrepresented in the mammalian genome and tend to be clustered within CpG islands (CGIs) located in the vicinity of the transcription start sites of the majority of the protein‑coding genes in humans...
December 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
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