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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222583/correction-to-pioglitazone-reduces-cold-induced-brown-fat-glucose-uptake-despite-induction-of-browning-in-cultured-human-adipocytes-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-humans
#1
Rebecca K C Loh, Melissa F Formosa, Nina Eikelis, David A Bertovic, Mitchell J Anderson, Shane A Barwood, Shane Nanayakkara, Neale D Cohen, Andre La Gerche, Anne T Reutens, Kenneth S Yap, Thomas W Barber, Gavin W Lambert, Martin H Cherk, Stephen J Duffy, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Andrew L Carey
The baseline insulin data given in Table 1 for the placebo group were incorrectly reported as 51 ± 10 pmol/l instead of 48 ± 10 pmol/l. This mistake also impacts on data reported in Table 4.
December 8, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218256/intracranial-anatomical-triangles-a-comprehensive-illustrated-review
#2
REVIEW
Doniel Drazin, Joy Mh Wang, Fernando Alonso, Daxa M Patel, Andre Granger, Mohammadali M Shoja, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
There are multiple anatomical triangles of the skull base. However, to our knowledge, there has been no comprehensive review of these geometric landmarks. To allow for a safe and consistent approach to lesions of the skull base such as those near the internal carotid artery, internal acoustic meatus, and cavernous sinus, a comprehensive review of the variations with illustrations is required. This article provides an overview of the anatomical borders, dimensions, and surgical implications as well as illustrations of the major skull base triangles...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217393/acetabular-revision-using-trabecular-metal-augments-for-paprosky-type-3-defects
#3
Cathleen J O'Neill, Stephen B Creedon, Stephen A Brennan, Fiona J O'Mahony, Rosanne S Lynham, Shane Guerin, Rehan Gul, James A Harty
BACKGROUND: Trabecular Metal (TM) augments are one option when reconstructing bone loss during acetabular side revision surgery. METHODS: We studied 38 consecutive patients with Paprosky type 3 defects that were revised using a TM shell and one or more augments over a 6-year period. There were 29 Paprosky type 3A defects and 9 Paprosky type 3B defects. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 68.2 years (range 48-84). The mean length of follow-up was 36 months (range 18-74)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216244/optimizing-household-survey-methods-to-monitor-the-sustainable-development-goals-targets-6-1-and-6-2-on-drinking-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-a-mixed-methods-field-test-in-belize
#4
Shane M Khan, Robert E S Bain, Karsten Lunze, Turgay Unalan, Bo Beshanski-Pedersen, Tom Slaymaker, Richard Johnston, Attila Hancioglu
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require household survey programmes such as the UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) to enhance data collection to cover new indicators. This study aims to evaluated methods for assessing water quality, water availability, emptying of sanitation facilities, menstrual hygiene management and the acceptability of water quality testing in households which are key to monitoring SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2 on drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and emerging issues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214627/a-12-month-descriptive-analysis-of-emergency-intubations-at-brooke-army-medical-center-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#5
Michael D April, Steven G Schauer, Calvin A Brown Rd, Patrick C Ng, Jessie Fernandez, Andrea E Fantegrossi, Joseph K Maddry, Shane Summers, Daniel J Sessions, Robert M Barnwell, Mark Antonacci
Emergency airway management is a critical skill for military healthcare providers. Our goal was to describe the Emergency Department (ED) intubations at Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) over a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians performing endotracheal intubations in the BAMC ED complete data collection forms for each intubation event as part of the National Emergency Airway Registry, including patient demographics, intubation techniques, success and failure rates, adverse events, and patient disposition...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214624/effects-of-technique-focused-training-in-conjunction-with-physical-readiness-training-on-army-physical-fitness-test-performance
#6
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Norman W Gill, Scott W Shaffer
The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is a semiannual requirement. While conducting physical readiness training (PRT) is a requirement for all Soldiers, there is no requirement to train Soldiers on techniques that may help to optimize their performance on the APFT. A cohort of 34 officers that attended the Army Medical Department Basic Officer Leadership Course completed a technique-focused training program in conjunction with their required PRT program subsequent to failing one or more events on their initial APFT...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#7
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212751/heterothermy-is-associated-with-reduced-fitness-in-wild-rabbits
#8
Shane K Maloney, Maija K Marsh, Steven R McLeod, Andrea Fuller
An increase in variation in the 24 h pattern of body temperature (heterothermy) in mammals can be induced by energy and water deficits. Since performance traits such as growth and reproduction also are impacted by energy and water balance, we investigated whether the characteristics of the body temperature rhythm provide an indication of the reproductive success of an individual. We show that the amplitude of the daily rhythm of body temperature in wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) prior to breeding is inversely related to the number of pregnancies in the subsequent seven months, while the minimum daily body temperature is positively correlated to the number of pregnancies...
December 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211713/runx3-programs-cd8-t-cell-residency-in-non-lymphoid-tissues-and-tumours
#9
J Justin Milner, Clara Toma, Bingfei Yu, Kai Zhang, Kyla Omilusik, Anthony T Phan, Dapeng Wang, Adam J Getzler, Toan Nguyen, Shane Crotty, Wei Wang, Matthew E Pipkin, Ananda W Goldrath
Tissue-resident memory CD8+ T (TRM) cells are found at common sites of pathogen exposure, where they elicit rapid and robust protective immune responses. However, the molecular signals that control TRM cell differentiation and homeostasis are not fully understood. Here we show that mouse TRM precursor cells represent a unique CD8+ T cell subset that is distinct from the precursors of circulating memory cell populations at the levels of gene expression and chromatin accessibility. Using computational and pooled in vivo RNA interference screens, we identify the transcription factor Runx3 as a key regulator of TRM cell differentiation and homeostasis...
December 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210708/takayasu-arteritis-and-complete-aortic-arch-branch-vessel-occlusions
#10
Shane M Gillespie, Stephen M Broski, David W Barbara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210488/acute-polyneuromyopathy-with-respiratory-failure-secondary-to-monensin-intoxication-in-a-dog
#11
Luis Bosch, Alexa M Bersenas, Shane Bateman
OBJECTIVE: To describe a successfully managed case of polyneuropathy and respiratory failure secondary to presumed monensin intoxication. CASE SUMMARY: A 9-month-old Australian Shepherd was evaluated for progressive generalized weakness and respiratory distress. Several days preceding presentation, the dog was seen playing with a monensin capsule, and had free access to a barn where the product was stored and where chewed capsules were subsequently found. The dog was presented with flaccid tetraparesis, hyperthermia, and severe respiratory distress...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210141/extending-addiction-s-conflict-of-interest-policy-to-cover-the-emerging-cannabis-industry
#12
EDITORIAL
Keith Humphreys, Shane Darke, John Marsden, Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208697/simultaneous-lipidomic-and-transcriptomic-profiling-in-mouse-brain-punches-of-acute-epileptic-seizure-model-compared-to-controls
#13
Raissa Lerner, Julia M Post, Shane R Ellis, Dina R N Vos, Ron M A Heeren, Beat Lutz, Laura Bindila
In this study we report the development of a dual extraction protocol for RNA and lipids including phospholipids, endocannabinoids and arachidonic acid at high spatial resolution e.g. brain punches obtained from whole frozen brains, corresponding to four brain subregions: dorsal hippocampus, ventral hippocampus, basolateral amygdala and hypothalamus. This extraction method combined with liquid-chromatography multiple reaction monitoring for lipid quantification and qPCR for RNA investigation allows lipidomic and transcriptomic profiling from submg tissue amount benefiting thus the time and animal costs for analysis and the data reliability due to prevention of biological variability between animal batches, and/or tissue heterogeneity, as compared to profiling in distinct animal batches...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206451/correction-to-understanding-the-scarcity-of-thorium-peroxide-clusters
#14
Shane S Galley, Cayla E Van Alstine, Laurent Maron, Thomas E Albrecht-Schmitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205742/trends-in-outpatient-anti-arrhythmic-prescriptions-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-left-atrial-ablation-in-australia-1997-2016
#15
Ifrah Khan, Hitesh C Patel, Shane Nanayakkara, Hariharan Raju, Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Justin A Mariani
BACKGROUND: An important aspect of atrial fibrillation (AF) management is the decision whether to adopt a rate or rhythm control strategy. Options for the latter include oral anti-arrhythmic drugs (AADs) or catheter ablation. AIM: We sought to describe the trends in rhythm control for AF in Australia between 1997 and 2016. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using prospectively collected data between 1997 - 2016 from the Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme and Medicare Benefit Schedule websites, which respectively contain information pertaining to public AAD prescriptions and rebatable AF ablation procedures performed in the Australia...
December 5, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205052/microspray-and-microflow-liquid-chromatography-the-way-forward-for-lc-ms-bioanalysis
#16
Shane R Needham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204122/letm1-mediated-k-and-na-homeostasis-regulates-mitochondrial-ca2-efflux
#17
Shane Austin, Mojtaba Tavakoli, Christina Pfeiffer, Julia Seifert, Andrea Mattarei, Diego De Stefani, Mario Zoratti, Karin Nowikovsky
HIGHLIGHTS Monovalent cation homeostasis is dysregulated upon LETM1 depletionK+/H+ exchange activity is decreased in LETM1 knockdown cellsLETM1 depletion results in K+ accumulation in the mitochondrial matrixLETM1 knockdown does not affect expression of major mitochondrial Ca2+ transport modulatorsLETM1-regulated mitochondrial Ca2+ fluxes are dependent on Na+ Ca2+ transport across the inner membrane of mitochondria (IMM) is of major importance for their functions in bioenergetics, cell death and signaling. It is therefore tightly regulated...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203316/cervical-rib-prevalence-and-its-association-with-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-141-studies-with-surgical-considerations
#18
Brandon Michael Henry, Jens Vikse, Beatrice Sanna, Dominik Taterra, Martyna Gomulska, Przemysław A Pękala, R Shane Tubbs, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: Cervical ribs (CR) are supernumerary ribs that arise from the seventh cervical vertebra. In the presence of CR, the boundaries of the interscalene triangle can be further constricted and result in neurovascular compression and Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS). The aim of our study was to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of CR prevalence and their association with TOS as well as surgical approach to excision of CR and surgical patients' characteristics. METHODS: A thorough search of major electronic databases was conducted to identify any relevant studies...
December 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203009/motorcyclists-self-reported-riding-mileage-versus-actual-riding-mileage-in-the-following-year
#19
Vicki Williams, Shane McLaughlin, Robert McCall, Tim Buche
INTRODUCTION: Accurate motorcyclist mileage estimates are important because self-evaluation of riding experience is related to riding behavior, the relationship of self-reported to actual or future mileage is necessary in targeting training and considering survey responses, and motorcycle crash statistics require accurate travel data. METHOD: This study collected real-world data from motorcyclists over the course of two months to two years per rider. This paper explores motorcyclists' self-reported annual riding mileage (obtained via pre-study surveys) and the actual amount of riding during the study (based upon odometer readings and GPS data)...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202653/empathic-concern-and-the-desire-to-help-as-separable-components-of-compassionate-responding
#20
Lauren M Ministero, Michael J Poulin, Anneke E K Buffone, Shane DeLury
When do people experience versus regulate responses to compassion-evoking stimuli? We hypothesized that compassionate responding is composed of two factors-empathic concern and the desire to help-and that these would be differentially affected by perspective taking and self-affirmation. Exploratory (Study 1) and confirmatory (Study 2) factor analyses indicated that a compassion measure consisted of two factors corresponding to empathic concern and the desire to help. In Study 1 ( N = 237), participants with high emotion regulation ability reported less empathic concern for multiple children than for one, but perspective taking prevented this effect...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
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