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Casey Panning, Michelle Lem, Shane Bateman
No abstract available.
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J Iritani, Lei Zhang, Shane Hartman, Winnie K Luseno, Elias Mpofu, Simbarashe Rusakaniko
This study examines the association between religious affiliation and reasons for marriage, perceived church attitudes, and reproductive health-seeking behaviors, including HIV testing, among young women in eastern rural Zimbabwe. The sample comprised women (N = 35) who had married by 2012 while participating in a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of school support on HIV-related risk. The RCT sample was identified in 2007 as all female sixth graders in 25 rural eastern Zimbabwe primary schools whose parents, one or both, had died (N = 328)...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Yang Hsia, Jacob B Bale, Shane Gonen, Dan Shi, William Sheffler, Kimberly K Fong, Una Nattermann, Chunfu Xu, Po-Ssu Huang, Rashmi Ravichandran, Sue Yi, Trisha N Davis, Tamir Gonen, Neil P King, David Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Nature
Louis R Pasquale, Hugues Aschard, Jae H Kang, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Sara Lindström, Daniel I Chasman, William G Christen, R Rand Allingham, Allison Ashley-Koch, Richard K Lee, Sayoko E Moroi, Murray H Brilliant, Gadi Wollstein, Joel S Schuman, John Fingert, Donald L Budenz, Tony Realini, Terry Gaasterland, Douglas Gaasterland, William K Scott, Kuldev Singh, Arthur J Sit, Robert P Igo, Yeunjoo E Song, Lisa Hark, Robert Ritch, Douglas J Rhee, Vikas Gulati, Shane Havens, Douglas Vollrath, Donald J Zack, Felipe Medeiros, Robert N Weinreb, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Yutao Liu, Peter Kraft, Julia E Richards, Bernard A Rosner, Michael A Hauser, Jonathan L Haines, Janey L Wiggs
OBJECTIVE: Several attributes of female reproductive history, including age at natural menopause (ANM), have been related to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). We assembled 18 previously reported common genetic variants that predict ANM to determine their association with ANM or POAG. METHODS: Using data from the Nurses' Health Study (7,143 women), we validated the ANM weighted genetic risk score in relation to self-reported ANM. Subsequently, to assess the relation with POAG, we used data from 2,160 female POAG cases and 29,110 controls in the National Eye Institute Glaucoma Human Genetics Collaboration Heritable Overall Operational Database (NEIGHBORHOOD), which consists of 8 datasets with imputed genotypes to 5...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Shane A Grace, Angela M Sutton, Eric S Armbrecht, Claudia I Vidal, Ilana S Rosman, Maria Y Hurley
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells that can be challenging to distinguish histologically from Langerhans cell (LC) hyperplasia, seen in a variety of inflammatory dermatoses. Lesional cells in both entities demonstrate positive staining for CD1a and S100. Previous studies have demonstrated positive staining of fascin, CD31, and p53 in cases of LCH, but currently, no studies have compared the staining profiles of these markers between LCH and LC hyperplasia. The authors compared immunohistochemical staining profiles of LCH (n = 15) and various inflammatory dermatoses with LC hyperplasia (n = 15) using fascin, CD31, and p53...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
John S Mason, Michael Crowell, Jeffery Dolbeer, Jamie Morris, Aspen Terry, Shane Koppenhaver, Donald Lee Goss
BACKGROUND: Recently, dry needling has emerged as a popular treatment for muscular pain and impairments. While there are numerous studies detailing the benefits of dry needling for pain, few studies exist examining the effects on soft tissue mobility. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of hamstring dry needling to a standard stretching program results in greater improvements in hamstring flexibility compared to sham dry needling and stretching in subjects with atraumatic knee pain...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Tasneem Khan, Shelley Macaulay, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield, Estelle D Watson
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased rapidly in both developed and developing countries and has become a growing health concern worldwide. A recent systematic review highlighted the paucity of data available on the prevalence and potential burden of GDM in Africa, which was emphasised by the fact that only 11 % of African countries were represented in the review. In South Africa, the prevalence of GDM remains unknown, although one would estimate it to be high due to urbanisation and the growing obesity epidemic...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Airek R Mathews, Shane S Que Hee
The differences in permeation parameters when a gloved dextrous robot hand clenched and did not were investigated with the dynamic permeation system described in the companion paper. Increased permeation through the gloves of the present study for cyclohexanol when the gloved hand clenched depended on glove thickness and porosity for cyclohexanol permeation. The Sterling glove, the thinnest and the most porous, was the least protective. Hand clenching promoted more permeation for the Sterling glove in terms of breakthrough times, steady state permeation rate, and diffusion coefficient...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Airek R Mathews, Shane S Que Hee
The aim was to develop a whole glove permeation method for cyclohexanol to generate permeation parameter data for a non-moving dextrous robot hand (normalized breakthrough time tb, standardized breakthrough time ts, steady state permeation rate Ps, and diffusion coefficient D). Four types of disposable powderless, unsupported and unlined nitrile gloves from the same producer were investigated: Safeskin Blue, and Kimtech Science Blue, Purple, and Sterling. The whole glove method developed involved a peristaltic pump for water circulation through chemically resistant Viton tubing to continually wash the inner surface of the test glove via holes in the tubing, a dextrous robot hand operated by a microprocessor, a chemically protective nitrile glove to protect the robot hand, an incubator to maintain 35°C temperature, and a hot plate to maintain 35°C at the sampling point of the circulating water...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Cherrie A Galletly, Benjamin L Carnell, Patrick Clarke, Shane Gill
BACKGROUND: A great deal of research has established the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of depression. However, questions remain about the optimal method to deliver treatment. One area requiring consideration is the difference in efficacy between bilateral and unilateral treatment protocols. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of sequential bilateral rTMS and right unilateral rTMS. METHODS: A total of 135 patients participated in the study, receiving either bilateral rTMS (N = 57) or right unilateral rTMS (N = 78)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of ECT
Gabrielle G Tardieu, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Marc Moisi, Jens Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The epidural space contains the internal vertebral venous plexus, adipose, and other connective tissues. In the anatomical literature, there are nonspecific descriptions of varying fibrous connective tissue bands in the epidural space, mainly mentioned in the lumbar region, that tether the dural sac to the posterior longitudinal ligament, the vertebral canal, and the ligamentum flavum. These ligaments have been termed as Hofmann's ligaments. This review expands on the anatomy and function of Hofmann's ligaments, increasing the awareness of their presence and serves as an impetus for further study of their histology, innervation, and function...
September 13, 2016: Curēus
Sophia Frentzas, Eve Simoneau, Victoria L Bridgeman, Peter B Vermeulen, Shane Foo, Eleftherios Kostaras, Mark R Nathan, Andrew Wotherspoon, Zu-Hua Gao, Yu Shi, Gert Van den Eynden, Frances Daley, Clare Peckitt, Xianming Tan, Ayat Salman, Anthoula Lazaris, Patrycja Gazinska, Tracy J Berg, Zak Eltahir, Laila Ritsma, Jacco van Rheenen, Alla Khashper, Gina Brown, Hanna Nyström, Malin Sund, Steven Van Laere, Evelyne Loyer, Luc Dirix, David Cunningham, Peter Metrakos, Andrew R Reynolds
The efficacy of angiogenesis inhibitors in cancer is limited by resistance mechanisms that are poorly understood. Notably, instead of through the induction of angiogenesis, tumor vascularization can occur through the nonangiogenic mechanism of vessel co-option. Here we show that vessel co-option is associated with a poor response to the anti-angiogenic agent bevacizumab in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases. Moreover, we find that vessel co-option is also prevalent in human breast cancer liver metastases, a setting in which results with anti-angiogenic therapy have been disappointing...
October 17, 2016: Nature Medicine
Belén Sotillo, Vibhav Bharadwaj, J P Hadden, Masaaki Sakakura, Andrea Chiappini, Toney Teddy Fernandez, Stefano Longhi, Ottavia Jedrkiewicz, Yasuhiko Shimotsuma, Luigino Criante, Roberto Osellame, Gianluca Galzerano, Maurizio Ferrari, Kiyotaka Miura, Roberta Ramponi, Paul E Barclay, Shane Michael Eaton
Diamond is a promising platform for sensing and quantum processing owing to the remarkable properties of the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) impurity. The electrons of the NV center, largely localized at the vacancy site, combine to form a spin triplet, which can be polarized with 532 nm laser light, even at room temperature. The NV's states are isolated from environmental perturbations making their spin coherence comparable to trapped ions. An important breakthrough would be in connecting, using waveguides, multiple diamond NVs together optically...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zachary Y Kerr, Shane V Caswell, Andrew E Lincoln, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
BACKGROUND: Participation in boys' youth lacrosse has dramatically increased in recent years. Yet, research on the incidence of youth lacrosse injuries is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of boys' youth lacrosse injuries. FINDINGS: Aggregate injury and exposure data was collected from 550 boys' youth lacrosse players (aged 9-15 years) from eight leagues in four states. Injury frequencies and rates with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Imen Ben Salha, Shane Zaidi, Jonathan Noujaim, Aisha B Miah, Cyril Fisher, Robin L Jones, Khin Thway
Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDL) is a histologically pleomorphic sarcoma, traditionally defined as well-differentiated liposarcoma with abrupt transition to high grade, non-lipogenic sarcoma. It can occur as part of recurrent well-differentiated liposarcoma, or may arise de novo. DDL most frequently occurs within the retroperitoneum, and while it is prone to local recurrence, it usually has a lower rate of metastasis than other pleomorphic sarcomas. We describe a case of retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma in a 63-year-old male, who showed MDM2 amplification with fluorescence in situ hybridization, which displayed unusually aggressive behavior, with brain, lung and subcutaneous soft tissue metastases...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Randie H Kim, Arielle R Nagler, Shane A Meehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Christian Fisahn, Jaspreet Johal, Marc Moisi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Regional neurovascular structures must be avoided during invasive spine hardware placement. During C1 lateral mass screw placement, the C2 nerve root is put in harm's way. Therefore, the current anatomical study was performed to identify techniques that might avoid such neural injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On 10 cadaveric sides, dissection was carried down to the craniocervical junction. The C2 nerve root was identified and its distal branches traced out into the surrounding posterior cervical musculature...
October 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Mark Hanson, Mary Barker, Jodie M Dodd, Shiriki Kumanyika, Shane Norris, Eric Steegers, Judith Stephenson, Shakila Thangaratinam, Huixia Yang
Prevention of obesity in women of reproductive age is widely recognised to be important both for their health and for that of their offspring. Weight-control interventions, including drug treatment, in pregnant women who are obese or overweight have not had sufficient impact on pregnancy and birth outcomes, which suggests that the focus for intervention should include preconception or post-partum periods. Further research is needed into the long-term effects of nutritional and lifestyle interventions before conception...
October 10, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Julie M Muller, Shane S Galley, Thomas E Albrecht-Schmitt, Kenneth L Nash
The complexation of selected trivalent lanthanide ions with derivatives of the tetranitrogen donor ligands 6,6'-bis-1R,1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl-2,2'-bipyridines (BTzBPs, R = alkyl or aryl) was investigated in solid state and in solution. An anhydrous solid [Ce(Bn-BTzBP)(NO3)3] (Bn = benzene) complex was synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Eu(III) complexes with the 2-ethyl(hexyl) derivative EH-BTzBP in methanol were studied by time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Earlier studies have identified the EH-BTzBP as a potentially useful solvent extraction reagent for the separation of americium from lanthanide metal ions, a challenging component of advanced nuclear fuel cycles for actinide transmutation...
October 14, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Shane P Duggan, Fiona M Behan, Murat Kirca, Abdul Zaheer, Sarah A McGarrigle, John V Reynolds, Gisela M F Vaz, Mathias O Senge, Dermot Kelleher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
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