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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913866/communicating-branches-between-lingual-and-hypoglossal-nerve-observation-using-sihler-s-staining-technique
#1
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Yoko Tabira, Moriyoshi Nakamura, Christian Fisahn, R Shane Tubbs, Jingo Kusukawa, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
PURPOSE: Many dental procedures are at risk of injuring the lingual nerve. We performed this study to better elucidate the microanatomy that exists between the ipsilateral lingual and hypoglossal nerves so that iatrogenic injury can be avoided. METHODS: Adult human cadaveric tongues (ten sides) underwent Sihler's staining to identify the microanatomy between the lingual and hypoglossal nerves. RESULTS: The lingual nerve entered the middle part of the anterior two-thirds of the tongue from its lateral side and divided into two to four thick branches...
December 2, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912087/plug-and-play-brain-understanding-integration-of-transplanted-neurons-for-brain-repair
#2
Shane Grealish, Malin Parmar
In a recent issue of Nature,Falkner et al. (2016) use chronic two-photon imaging, virus-based transsynaptic tracing, and dynamic calcium indicators to elegantly demonstrate extensive in vivo functional maturation and target-specific functional integration of transplanted embryonic mouse cortical progenitors into adult lesioned visual cortical circuits.
December 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910135/towards-a-terminologia-neuroanatomica
#3
Hans J Ten Donkelaar, Jonas Broman, Paul E Neumann, Luis Puelles, Alessandro Riva, R Shane Tubbs, David Kachlik
This article deals with a recent revision of the terminology of the Sections Central Nervous System (CNS; Systema nervosum centrale) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS; Systema nervosum periphericum) of the Terminologia Anatomica (TA, 1998) and the Terminologia Histologica (TH, 2008). These sections were extensively updated by the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) Working Group Neuroanatomy of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). After extensive discussions by FIPAT, and consultation with the IFAA Member Societies, these parts were merged to form a Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909953/the-pe%C3%A3-alosa-principle-of-transportation-democracy-lessons-from-bogot%C3%A3-on-the-morality-of-urban-mobility
#4
Shane Epting
The mayor of Bogotá, Enrique Peñalosa strives to deliver transit services that promote social equity through bicycle lanes, improved sidewalks, and a world-famous Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, "TransMilenio." Through examining the principles that guide his planning, we can flesh out a starting point for socially just transit systems. While such measures can alleviate several harms that transit systems cause, they rest on an incomplete foundation due to their top-down nature. To amend this situation, the author argues for a restorative justice approach to transportation democracy, using examples from Peñalosa's mayoral tenure...
December 1, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906822/awards-in-transplantation-science-recognize-the-best-manuscripts-published-in-transplantation
#5
Stefan G Tullius, Shane T Grey, Fadi Issa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905075/a-description-of-medication-errors-reported-by-pharmacists-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Shane Pawluk, Myriam Jaam, Fatima Hazi, Moza Sulaiman Al Hail, Wessam El Kassem, Hanan Khalifa, Binny Thomas, Pallivalappila Abdul Rouf
Background Patients in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are at an increased risk for medication errors. Objective The objective of this study is to describe the nature and setting of medication errors occurring in patients admitted to an NICU in Qatar based on a standard electronic system reported by pharmacists. Setting Neonatal intensive care unit, Doha, Qatar. Method This was a retrospective cross-sectional study on medication errors reported electronically by pharmacists in the NICU between January 1, 2014 and April 30, 2015...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904649/fasciocutaneous-flap-reinforcement-of-ventral-onlay-buccal-mucosa-grafts-enables-neophallus-revision-urethroplasty
#7
Stelios C Wilson, John T Stranix, Kiranpreet Khurana, Shane D Morrison, Jamie P Levine, Lee C Zhao
BACKGROUND: Urethral strictures or fistulas are common complications after phalloplasty. Neourethral defects pose a difficult reconstructive challenge using standard techniques as there is generally insufficient ventral tissue to support a graft urethroplasty. We report our experience with local fasciocutaneous flaps for support of ventrally-placed buccal mucosal grafts (BMGs) in phalloplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent phalloplasty and subsequently required revision urethroplasty using BMGs between 2011 and 2015 was completed...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902944/psychiatric-disorders-suicidal-ideation-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-post-deployment-veterans-who-utilize-digital-social-media-for-sexual-partner-seeking
#8
Jack L Turban, Marc N Potenza, Rani A Hoff, Steve Martino, Shane W Kraus
INTRODUCTION: Digital social media platforms represent outlets through which individuals may find partners for sexual encounters. Using a sample of US post-deployment military veterans, the current study evaluated the prevalence of digital sex seeking as well as clinical correlates of psychopathology, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: Using data from a baseline telephone interview and follow-up internet-based survey, we examined the prevalence of sexual partnering via digital social media platforms in a national sample of 283 US combat veterans...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902533/using-simulation-in-global-health-considerations-for-design-and-implementation
#9
Michael B Pitt, Walter J Eppich, Margaret L Shane, Sabrina M Butteris
Providers and educators increasingly participate in global health work during their careers. Simulation can play an important role in both preparing learners for work in resource-limited settings and training providers in these countries. However, little guidance exists for educators interested in creating and implementing scenarios for these settings. We discuss several key considerations unique to global health simulation ranging from addressing common cultural differences surrounding healthcare and varied regional approaches to disease identification and management to understanding precisely what resources exist in the setting and what strategies can be used to provide care when the expected resources are not available...
November 29, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#10
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899039/sensitive-monitoring-of-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-by-pml-rara-dna-q-pcr
#11
Ivar O Kommers, Paul A Bartley, Bradley Budgen, Sue Latham, Ashanka Beligaswatte, Shane G Supple, Alberto Catalano, Harry J Iland, Alexander A Morley, David M Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898394/mef2-transcription-factors-are-key-regulators-of-sprouting-angiogenesis
#12
Natalia Sacilotto, Kira M Chouliaras, Leonid L Nikitenko, Yao Wei Lu, Martin Fritzsche, Marsha D Wallace, Svanhild Nornes, Fernando García-Moreno, Sophie Payne, Esther Bridges, Ke Liu, Daniel Biggs, Indrika Ratnayaka, Shane P Herbert, Zoltán Molnár, Adrian L Harris, Benjamin Davies, Gareth L Bond, George Bou-Gharios, John J Schwarz, Sarah De Val
Angiogenesis, the fundamental process by which new blood vessels form from existing ones, depends on precise spatial and temporal gene expression within specific compartments of the endothelium. However, the molecular links between proangiogenic signals and downstream gene expression remain unclear. During sprouting angiogenesis, the specification of endothelial cells into the tip cells that lead new blood vessel sprouts is coordinated by vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4)/Notch signaling and requires high levels of Notch ligand DLL4...
October 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896970/empowering-multi-cohort-gene-expression-analysis-to-increase-reproducibility
#13
Winston A Haynes, Francesco Vallania, Charles Liu, Erika Bongen, Aurelie Tomczak, Marta Andres-Terrè, Shane Lofgren, Andrew Tam, Cole A Deisseroth, Matthew D Li, Timothy E Sweeney, Purvesh Khatri
A major contributor to the scientific reproducibility crisis has been that the results from homogeneous, single-center studies do not generalize to heterogeneous, real world populations. Multi-cohort gene expression analysis has helped to increase reproducibility by aggregating data from diverse populations into a single analysis. To make the multi-cohort analysis process more feasible, we have assembled an analysis pipeline which implements rigorously studied meta-analysis best practices. We have compiled and made publicly available the results of our own multi-cohort gene expression analysis of 103 diseases, spanning 615 studies and 36,915 samples, through a novel and interactive web application...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894904/from-niche-to-stigma-headshops-to-prison-exploring-the-rise-and-fall-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-among-young-adults
#14
Shane Blackman, Rick Bradley
The aim of this paper will be to consider the rise and subsequent fall in NPS use at national and local level with a focus on synthetic cannabinoid products in Kent. We will examine the local practice and policy responses by Kent's Young Persons' Drug and Alcohol Service towards a possible change in patterns of NPS drug consumption. The county has seen an expansion in the number of Headshops and we present local media coverage on NPS, and the Trading Standards and Kent Police intervention Operation Lantern to regulate Headshops...
November 25, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890755/predictors-of-shunt-insertion-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#15
Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Nimer Adeeb, Paul M Foreman, Mark R Harrigan, Winfield S Fisher, Nilesh A Vyas, Robert H Lipsky, Beverly C Walters, Shane R Tubbs, Mohammadali M Shoja, Justin M Moore, Raghav Gupta, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith T Thomas, Christoph J Griessenauer
OBJECTS: Hydrocephalus is a common complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) requiring permanent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion in up to two thirds of patients. Factors that predict permanent CSF diversion are not well established. METHODS: An exploratory analysis of 149 patients enrolled in the Cerebral Aneurysm Renin Angiotensin System (CARAS) study was performed in an effort to identify factors predictive of permanent CSF diversion following aSAH; only the 135 patients surviving the initial hospitalization were included in the present study...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888091/patient-and-clinical-characteristics-that-heighten-risk-for-heart-failure-readmission
#16
Chad Bradford, Bijal M Shah, Patricia Shane, Nicole Wachi, Kamalpreet Sahota
BACKGROUND: Within 30 days of hospital discharge, heart failure (HF) readmission rates nationally accumulate to more than 20%. Due to this high rate of unplanned re-hospitalization, predictive models are needed to identify patients who pose the highest readmission risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnosis and timing and to identify patient and clinical characteristics associated with 30 day readmissions among HF patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of electronic health records was conducted to study HF admissions during the period October 2008 to November 2014...
November 10, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884745/increase-in-spinal-deformity-patients-in-patients-age-60-and-over-is-not-associated-with-increased-complications
#17
David C Sing, Sigurd H Berven, Shane Burch, Lionel N Metz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical treatment for adult spinal deformity improves patient quality of life; however trends in surgical utilization in the elderly, whom may be at higher risk for complications, remain unclear. PURPOSE: To identify trends in the utilization of adult deformity and determine complication rates among older patients. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective database analysis. PATIENT SAMPLE: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was queried from 2004 to 2011 to identify adult patients who underwent spinal fusion of 8 or more levels using ICD-9 coding...
November 21, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883171/frailty-in-postmenopausal-african-american-and-hispanic-hiv-infected-women
#18
P Young, J Shah, C Zhang, D C Ferris, I Colon, M Bucovsky, M Punyanitya, D J McMahon, E Shane, M T Yin
Studies suggest frailty occurs earlier in HIV-infected individuals, but data in postmenopausal HIV-infected women are lacking. We assessed the prevalence of frailty and association with anthropometric measures in HIV-infected and uninfected postmenopausal women. Fried's frailty phenotype was measured in HIV-infected and uninfected Hispanic and African American postmenopausal women participating in a study of bone metabolism; fat and lean mass were measured by whole body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880897/direct-probing-of-germinal-center-responses-reveals-immunological-features-and-bottlenecks-for-neutralizing-antibody-responses-to-hiv-env-trimer
#19
Colin Havenar-Daughton, Diane G Carnathan, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Matthias Pauthner, Bryan Briney, Samantha M Reiss, Jennifer S Wood, Kirti Kaushik, Marit J van Gils, Sandy L Rosales, Patricia van der Woude, Michela Locci, Khoa M Le, Steven W de Taeye, Devin Sok, Ata Ur Rasheed Mohammed, Jessica Huang, Sanjeev Gumber, AnaPatricia Garcia, Sudhir P Kasturi, Bali Pulendran, John P Moore, Rafi Ahmed, Grégory Seumois, Dennis R Burton, Rogier W Sanders, Guido Silvestri, Shane Crotty
Generating tier 2 HIV-neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses by immunization remains a challenging problem, and the immunological barriers to induction of such responses with Env immunogens remain unclear. Here, some rhesus monkeys developed autologous tier 2 nAbs upon HIV Env trimer immunization (SOSIP.v5.2) whereas others did not. This was not because HIV Env trimers were immunologically silent because all monkeys made similar ELISA-binding antibody responses; the key difference was nAb versus non-nAb responses...
November 22, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880688/commentary-the-value-of-life-course-epidemiology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-ageing-perspective
#20
Stephen M Tollman, Shane A Norris, Lisa F Berkman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
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