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pes equinus

Jorik Nonnekes, Nathalie Benda, Hanneke van Duijnhoven, Frits Lem, Noël Keijsers, Jan Willem K Louwerens, Allan Pieterse, Bertjo Renzenbrink, Vivian Weerdesteyn, Jaap Buurke, Alexander C H Geurts
Importance: Gait impairments are common in patients with chronic supratentorial upper motor neuron lesions and are a source of disability. Clinical management aimed at improving the gait pattern in these patients is generally perceived as a challenging task because many possible abnormalities may interact. Moreover, a multitude of treatment options exist, ranging from assistive devices and muscle stretching to pharmacologic and surgical interventions, but evidence is inconclusive for most approaches and clear treatment guidelines are lacking...
February 26, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Helder Henzo Yamada, Patricia Maria Moraes de Barros Fucs
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review all cases of patients submitted to Westin's tenodesis, who had calcaneus feet secondary to myelomeningocele sequel, in order to evaluate the anatomical change provided by surgery and also to verify, in a long-term follow-up, the inversion of the deformity depending on the patient's age. METHODS: In this longitudinal retrospective study, all medical records of patients with myelomeningocele sequelae submitted to Westin's tenodesis from 1993 to 2013 in a public university hospital were reviewed...
August 2017: International Orthopaedics
Dong Jin Ryu, Joon Mee Kim, Bom Soo Kim
Injury of the medial head of the gastrocnemius, also called "tennis leg," is known to heal uneventfully in most cases with compression and immobilization therapy. Failure to heal or long-term complications, including ongoing pain and pes equinus, have been documented in only a limited number of case reports. To the best of our knowledge, a severe concomitant contracture of the knee and ankle joint as a consequence of a maltreated gastrocnemius muscle rupture has not been previously reported in English-language reports...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Gary M LiMarzi, Kurt F Scherer, Michael L Richardson, David R Warden, Christopher W Wasyliw, Jack A Porrino, Christopher R Pettis, Gideon Lewis, Christopher C Mason, Laura W Bancroft
A variety of surgical procedures exist for repair of both traumatic and degenerative osseous and soft-tissue pathologic conditions involving the foot and ankle. It is necessary for the radiologist to be familiar with these surgical procedures, so as to assess structural integrity, evaluate for complicating features, and avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Adequate interpretation of postoperative changes often requires access to surgical documentation to evaluate not only the surgery itself but the expected timeline for resolution of normal postoperative changes versus progressive disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Nicolas Bocahut, Anne-Laure Simon, Keyvan Mazda, Brice Ilharreborde, Philippe Souchet
PURPOSE: Two conservative techniques for clubfoot treatment are still being debated and depend upon the institution's expertise. For >40 years, the current institution has been a pioneer in the development of the physiotherapy method; however, some severe deformities remain resistant to this method which causes pain, sprains, and difficulties wearing shoes. Therefore, a surgical approach was developed simultaneously for the treatment of these residual or recurring clubfeet. The procedure reproduces the same chronological steps by performing forefoot derotation before correcting hindfoot equinus...
April 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
C Boulay, M Jacquemier, E Castanier, H Giorgi, G Authier, V Pomero, B Chabrol, J-L Jouve, G Bollini, E Viehweger
BACKGROUND: In children with cerebral palsy (CP), overactivity of the peroneus longus (PL) muscle is a major contributor to pes planovalgus. This retrospective study assessed whether abobotulinumtoxinA injections into a PL showing premature activity on electromyography (EMG) clinically improved foot morphology in children with CP. METHODS: Study participants were <6 years old, had a diagnosis of CP, good functional abilities (Gross Motor Function Classification System level 1 or 2), equinovalgus (initial contact with the hallux or head of the first metatarsal) and overactive PL on EMG...
December 2015: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Huseyin Gunay, Murat Celal Sozbilen, Yusuf Gurbuz, Mahmut Altinisik, Beyhan Buyukata
AIM: The previously suggested association between the incidence of high-level foot deformity and muscle imbalance is no longer supported, when evaluated independent from motor and sensory loss and level of lesion, by current studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between level of lesion and foot deformity. METHODS: Of 545 patients, a total of 136 (272 feet) patients admitted to the spina bifida clinic between 2010 and 2014 were included in this study...
February 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Jacob Wycher Bosma, Juerd Wijntjes, Ton Antonius Hilgevoord, Jan Veenstra
A 51-year-old man presented to our hospital with progressive pain and weakness in his right leg. Neurological examination revealed atrophy of all muscles of the right leg, unilateral foot drop and paralysis of the anterior tibial and gastrocnemicus muscles. Electromyography confirmed a severe isolated sciatic neuropathy in the thigh. For unclear reasons, our patient habitually used to sit in a modified lotus position. We concluded that this position, in literature known as "lotus neuropathy" had resulted in the sciatic neuropathy...
February 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Lisa Schilling, Raimund Forst, Jürgen Forst, Albert Fujak
BACKGROUND: Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of hereditary myopathy presenting in adults. This autosomal-dominant systemic disorder is caused by a CTG repeat, demonstrating various symptoms. A mild, classic and congenital form can be distinguished. Often the quality of life is reduced by orthopaedic problems, such as muscle weakness, contractures, foot or spinal deformities, which limit patients' mobility.The aim of our study was to gather information about the orthopaedic impairments in patients with DM1 in order to improve the medical care of patients, affected by this rare disease...
December 1, 2013: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
So Young Joo, Byung-Ok Choi, Deog Young Kim, Soo Jin Jung, Sun Young Cho, Soo Jin Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of foot deformities in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease compared with normal persons according to severity of disease. METHOD: Sixty-two patients with CMT disease were recruited for this study. The normal control group was composed of 28 healthy people without any foot deformity. Patients were classified into a mild group and a moderate group according to the CMT neuropathy score. Ten typical radiological angles representing foot deformities such as pes equinus and pes varus were measured...
August 2011: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joshua Burns, Robert Ouvrier, Tim Estilow, Rosemary Shy, Matilde Laurá, Kate Eichinger, Francesco Muntoni, Mary M Reilly, Davide Pareyson, Gyula Acsadi, Michael E Shy, Richard S Finkel
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most common inherited nerve disorder and typically presents with pes cavus foot deformity and ankle equinus during childhood. Level in the variation of symmetry of musculoskeletal lower limb involvement across the clinical population is unknown, despite early reports describing gross asymmetry. METHODS: We measured foot alignment and ankle flexibility of the left and right limbs using accurate and reliable standardised paediatric outcome measures in 172 patients aged 3-20 years with a variety of disease subtypes recruited from the United States, United Kingdom, Italy and Australia...
August 2012: Clinical Biomechanics
Lauren Shaw, Janet McCaul, Greg J Irwin, James S Huntley
We report the case of a 2-week-old girl born at term (by vaginal delivery and without antenatal or perinatal events) who was referred as having "bilateral talipes and bilateral proximal symphalangism of little and ring fingers." The "talipes" was atypical with marked equinus and varus, but no cavus or adductus of the midfoot. Her mother had both symphalangism (absence of proximal interphalangeal joints) of middle, ring, and little fingers bilaterally and fixed pes planus with a rigid fixed hindfoot-and these deformities had also been present from birth...
September 2012: Clinical Anatomy
Renee Lampe, Jurgen Mitternacht
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to find an objective graduation of pes equinus in infantile cerebral palsy, especially with regard to functional aspects, to allow a differentiated choice of the therapeutic options. Very often raises the question of whether a surgical lengthening of the Achilles tendon may let expect a functional improvement. METHODS: For this documentation 17 patients with pes equinus and a diagnosis of spastic cerebral palsy, primarily of the lower limbs, and hemiplegia were examined first clinically and then by a procedure for calculating the functional kinetic parameters from an in-shoe plantar pressure distribution measurement (novel pedar-X system), which is used in many orthopedic practices and clinics as a standard measuring device...
February 12, 2011: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
M Lippert-Gruner, O Svestkova
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The acute management of spasticity following ABI is challenging. Contractures can occur during the acute phases of illness. The joints most affected are the shoulders and the ankles. RESEARCH DESIGN: A case study of a 48-year-old female patient who received local chemoneurolytic anti-spasticity therapy following a severe subarachnoid haemorrhage for pes equines deformity is presented to illustrate the role of focal neurotoxin therapy. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The increasing spasticity in her legs was observed and could not be effectively treated with oral anti-spasticity agents or intensive physiotherapy...
2011: Brain Injury: [BI]
Takahiro Mezaki
The clinical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) was first proposed by Justinus Kerner in 1822. BoNT was formally accepted as a therapeutic agent in the 1970s, and currently, it is used worldwide for treating diseases as well as for cosmetic conditions. In Japan, Botox® is the only type A formulation that has been officially approved for the treatment of blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, cervical dystonia, pes equinus of cerebral palsy, adult spasticity of upper and lower limbs, and Botox Vista® is applied for glabellar frown lines...
July 2011: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
T Trč, V Havlas, D Rybk
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Surgical procedures on muscles in cerebral palsy are regarded as essential interventions. The tactics for surgery on the triceps surae muscle in the treatment of spastic pes equinus involve several surgical options at different muscle levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the 1992-2008 period, Baker's procedure, prolongation of the triceps muscle in the common part of the gastrocnemius and soleus aponeuroses, was indicated in 114 children, aged between 3 and 18 years, mostly with spastic hemipleia (45...
2011: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
G Elzinga, J van Doorn, A M Wiersema, R J Klicks, A Andriessen, J G Alblas, H Spits, A Post, M van Gent
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical benefits, primarily tolerability and reduction in pain levels, associated with the use of a PHMB-impregnated biosynthetic cellulose dressing (Suprasorb X + PHMB) on paediatric heel lacerations. METHOD: These lacerations were caused when children, who were being transported on their parents' bicycles, got their heels trapped in the wheel spokes. Where these injuries just comprised skin contusion and laceration, treatment had previously comprised cleansing followed by application of conventional dressings and moist wound healing dressings...
June 2011: Journal of Wound Care
B Westhoff, K Weimann-Stahlschmidt, R Krauspe
Pes equinus is the most common deformity in cerebral palsy. A primarily dynamic pes equinus without shortening of the calf muscle in many cases turns into a structural pes equinus. This is due to insufficient linear growth of the calf muscle compared to bone growth. Structural pes equinus has to be distinguished from marked, compensatory and forefoot pes equinus. Conservative as well as operative treatment options are often applied in combination or sequentially. In dynamic pes equinus botulinum toxin A is the therapy of choice...
July 2011: Der Orthopäde
Masaya Miyazaki, Jun Aoki, Akiko Miyazaki, Takahito Nakajima, Yoshinori Koyama, Tetsuya Shinozaki, Keigo Endo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for osteoid osteoma (OO) using cool-tip electrodes without the cooling system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients (13 males, 4 females; mean age 19.1 years; range 7-49 years) with OO (tibia, n = 7; femur, n = 5; acetabulum, n = 2; radius, n = 1; talus, n = 1; lumbar spine, n = 1) underwent RFA. Using a cool-tip electrode without the cooling system, the lesion was heated to 90°C for 4 or 5 min...
February 2011: Japanese Journal of Radiology
W Yu, Y Ikemoto, R Acharya, J Unoue
People usually develop different kinds of compensated gait in response to local function deficits, such as muscle weakness, spasticity in specific muscle groups, or joint stiffness, in order to overcome the falling risk factors. Compensated walking has been analysed empirically in the impaired gait analysis area. However, the compensation could be identified spatially and temporally. The stability and perturbation resistance of compensated walking have not been analysed quantitatively. In this research, a biomimetic human walking simulator was employed to model one individual paraplegic subject with plantarflexor spasticity...
2010: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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