keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood Abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#1
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633060/childhood-adversity-and-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-major-depression
#2
Katharina Dannehl, Winfried Rief, Frank Euteneuer
OBJECTIVE: Major depression is often accompanied by deficits in cognitive functioning and lowered executive functions. However, not all depressed patients show impairments in these domains. The aim of this study was to examine whether different kinds of childhood adversity might account for cognitive deficits in patients with major depression. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with major depression (DSM-IV) and 40 healthy controls completed a neuropsychological test battery assessing memory, processing speed and executive functions...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628791/recent-life-events-and-psychosis-the-role-of-childhood-adversities
#3
Giovanni Mansueto, Carlo Faravelli
Life events are commonly reported to be related to psychosis. However, less attention has been given to the role that recent events play on psychosis, in relation to exposure to childhood adversity. The current study aimed to evaluate the relationship between recent events and psychosis, taking into account the role of early adversities. 78 psychotic patients and 156 controls were enrolled. Childhood adversity was evaluated using a validated semi-structured interview and the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627946/-the-connection-between-maltreatment-and-preterm-birth-in-the-light-of-psychomotor-development-at-2-years-old
#4
Anna Szabina Szele, Beáta Erika Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Preterm children' development and harmful affecting factors to development are important aspects of public health, because in our country the number of preterm birth is very high. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children (Brunet-Lézine; Bayley-III) and connection between psychomotor development and maternal abuse history (own questionnaire). METHOD: Extremely (<1000 g) and very low (1000-1500 g) birth weight preterm children at 23-30 months (n = 35) and their mothers' abuse history were measured...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627921/risk-factors-for-concurrent-suicidal-ideation-and-violent-impulses-in-military-veterans
#5
Eric B Elbogen, H Ryan Wagner, Nathan A Kimbrel, Mira Brancu, Jennifer Naylor, Robert Graziano, Eric Crawford
Suicide and violence are significant problems in a subset of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. This study investigates how posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and resilience in veterans are associated with suicidal ideation and violent impulses while controlling for known covariates of both adverse outcomes. Structured clinical interviews were conducted of N = 2,543 Iraq/Afghanistan-era U.S. veterans. Compared with veterans denying suicidal ideation or violent impulses (n = 1,927), veterans endorsing both (n = 171) were more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for PTSD, report childhood abuse, combat exposure, physical pain symptoms, and drug misuse, and less likely to endorse self-direction/life purpose...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625767/early-life-stress-perturbs-the-function-of-microglia-in-the-developing-rodent-brain-new-insights-and-future-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Frances K Johnson, Arie Kaffman
The role of the innate immune system in mediating some of the consequences of childhood abuse and neglect has received increasing attention in recent years. Most of the work to date has focused on the role that neuroinflammation plays in the long-term adult psychiatric and medical complications associated with childhood maltreatment. The effects of stress-induced neuroinflammation on neurodevelopment have received little attention because until recently this issue has not been studied systematically in animal models of early life stress...
June 15, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624866/update-on-psychological-trauma-other-severe-adverse-experiences-and-eating-disorders-state-of-the-research-and-future-research-directions
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn Trottier, Danielle E MacDonald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper provides an updated review of the literature on the relationship between psychological trauma exposure, other severe adverse experiences, and eating disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Trauma exposure and other severe adverse experiences (e.g., emotional abuse) in both childhood and adulthood are associated with eating disorders. The relationship between traumatic and other adverse experiences and eating disorders appears to be mediated by emotional and behavioral dysregulation, as well as by cognitive factors such as self-criticism...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623765/is-there-a-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-problem-drinking-behaviors-findings-from-a-population-based-sample
#8
Lin Fang, Sandra McNeil
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the relationships between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and heavy and binge drinking, stratified by gender. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were retrieved from 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Over 39,000 individuals from five states were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the weighted data to determine factors associated with heavy and binge drinking for men and women...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623759/associations-between-suicidal-behavior-and-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-meta-analysis
#9
Jianbo Liu, Yumin Fang, Jingbo Gong, Xilong Cui, Tiantian Meng, Bo Xiao, Yuqiong He, Yanmei Shen, Xuerong Luo
BACKGROUND: Relationships of some types of childhood maltreatment and suicidal behavior remain controversial and inconclusive. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane library were searched for eligible studies, and the results were synthesized in meta-analyses. RESULTS: childhood maltreatment was associated positively with suicidal behavior in the total population and maltreatment subgroups. Emotional abuse had the strongest effect (OR = 2...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622571/substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-cannabis-use-disorders-a-pre-birth-cohort-study
#10
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Jake Moses Najman, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Alexandra Clavarino, Steve Kisely
This study investigates the association between exposure to prospectively-substantiated childhood maltreatment between 0 and 14 years of age and lifetime cannabis use, abuse and dependence reported at 21 years. Data were taken from 2526 (51.6% female) participants in the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a pre-birth, prospective, cohort study. Prospectively-substantiated cases of childhood maltreatment, reported to the government child protection agencies between 0 and 14 years of age, were linked to CIDI DSM-IV self-report data from the 21-year follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#11
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619247/childhood-maltreatment-severity-is-associated-with-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-body-mass-index-in-adult-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-diagnoses
#12
Monica Aas, Ingrid Dieset, Sigrun Hope, Eva Hoseth, Ragni Mørch, Elina Reponen, Nils Eiel Steen, Jannicke F Anderssen, Thor Ueland, Pål Aukrust, Ingrid Agartz, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle
BACKGROUND: Several studies have described an association between childhood maltreatment and inflammatory markers in the psychotic disorders (schizophrenia [SZ] and bipolar disorder [BD]). Previous studies have been relatively small (<50 participants), and the severity of abuse and the putative influence of body mass index (BMI) have not been properly investigated. METHODS: The combined effects of childhood abuse severity and clinical diagnosis on inflammatory markers were investigated in a large sample (n=483) of patients with a disorder on the psychosis spectrum and in healthy controls (HCs)...
June 12, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618290/defining-trauma-in-complex-care-management-safety-net-providers-perspectives-on-structural-vulnerability-and-time
#13
Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Irene H Yen, Mark D Fleming, Meredith Van Natta, Sara Rubin, Janet K Shim, Nancy J Burke
In this paper, we delineate how staff of two complex care management (CCM) programs in urban safety net hospitals in the United States understand trauma. We seek to (1) describe how staff in CCM programs talk about trauma in their patients' lives; (2) discuss how trauma concepts allow staff to understand patients' symptoms, health-related behaviors, and responses to care as results of structural conditions; and (3) delineate the mismatch between long-term needs of patients with histories of trauma and the short-term interventions that CCM programs provide...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617388/-substance-abuse-a-relationship-with-childhood-traumas
#14
A A Portnova, Yu P Sivolap
Childhood maltreatment contributes to poor mental and physical health and besides, in some cases, not only in early age but also throughout the life of the individual. Adverse effects of childhood trauma, along with depression, anxiety and other mental disorders, include predisposition to substance abuse. A reduction of child abuse may decrease the prevalence of mental disorders, including addictive disorders, and improve mental health.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607670/emotional-abuse-of-girls-in-swaziland-prevalence-perpetrators-risk-and-protective-factors-and-health-outcomes
#15
Franziska Meinck, Deborah Fry, Choice Ginindza, Kerri Wazny, Aldo Elizalde, Thees F Spreckelsen, M Catherine Maternowska, Michael P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Research on emotional child abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. Few studies thus far have examined prevalence, risk and protective factors for emotional child abuse or the associations between emotional abuse and girls' health. METHODS: A nationally representative two-stage, cluster-sampled, household survey of females aged 13-24 years (n = 1244) on childhood abuse victimisation was conducted. Participants completed interviewer-assisted questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606501/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-syncope-burden-among-older-adults
#16
Celia O'Hare, Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Helen O'Brien, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVE: Vasovagal syncope is governed by the autonomic nervous system and often precipitated by highly salient emotional situations. We hypothesized that a lifetime tendency towards vasovagal syncope may be precipitated by exposure to childhood trauma. METHODS: We examined data from the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) of adults aged 50+ (n=6497) who were asked to report lifetime syncope frequency and any history of childhood sexual or physical abuse...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606495/personality-traits-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-and-psychogenic-movement-disorder-pmd-neuroticism-and-perfectionism
#17
Vindhya Ekanayake, Sarah Kranick, Kathrin LaFaver, Arshi Naz, Anne Frank Webb, W Curt LaFrance, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic movement disorder (PMD) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are two subtypes of conversion disorder (CD). In this case-control study, we asked whether these subtypes varied as a function of personality and history of childhood abuse. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with PMD from the Human Motor Control Section Clinic at the National Institutes of Health, 43 patients with PNES from the Rhode Island Hospital Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology Division, and 26 healthy volunteers (HC) received a battery of neurological, psychiatric and psychological assessments, including the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#18
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601667/association-between-childhood-trauma-and-accelerated-telomere-erosion-in-adulthood-a-meta-analytic-study
#19
Zongchang Li, Ying He, Dong Wang, Jingsong Tang, Xiaogang Chen
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has long-term sequelae on health status and contributes to numbers of somatic and mental disorders in later life. Findings from experimental studies in animals suggest that telomere erosion may be a mediator of this relationship. However, results from human studies are heterogeneous. To address these inconsistencies, we performed a meta-analysis regarding the association between childhood trauma and telomere length in adulthood. METHOD: Articles were identified by systematically searching the Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science databases...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#20
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
10737
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"