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Childhood Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223913/prevalence-of-childhood-trauma-and-correlations-between-childhood-trauma-suicidal-ideation-and-social-support-in-patients-with-depression-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-in-southern-china
#1
Peng Xie, Kai Wu, Yingjun Zheng, Yangbo Guo, Yuling Yang, Jianfei He, Yi Ding, Hongjun Peng
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has long-term adverse effects on physical and psychological health. Previous studies demonstrated that suicide and mental disorders were related to childhood trauma. In China, there is insufficient research available on childhood trauma in patients with mental disorders. METHODS: Outpatients were recruited from a psychiatric hospital in southern China, and controls were recruited from local communities. The demographic questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), and the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were completed by all participants, and the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS) were completed only by patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#2
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218541/understanding-health-violence-and-acculturation-among-south-asian-women-in-the-us
#3
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell, Loretta DiPietro
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood are seen well into adulthood. This has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians living in the U.S., due to a lack of disaggregated data on this ethnic group. In a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of South Asian women living in the U.S. (n = 535), information was gathered on experience/exposure to childhood violence; adult intimate partner violence; and adverse health outcomes, including ever suicide ideation/attempt, experiences of quality of life and body esteem in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217352/relationship-between-individual-categories-of-adverse-childhood-experience-and-diabetes-in-adulthood-in-a-sample-of-us-adults-does-it-differ-by-gender
#4
Jennifer A Campbell, Gail C Farmer, Selena Nguyen-Rodriguez, Rebekah Walker, Leonard Egede
AIMS: ACEs are known to increase risk for diabetes in adulthood. However, little is known about the differential impact of individual ACE categories on diabetes risk, and whether this relationship is gender specific. METHODS: Data from the 2011 BRFSS was used in this study. Participants included 48,526 adults who completed the ACE module across 5 states. Using logistic regression, we examined the odds of diabetes in adulthood related to eight individual categories of ACEs: sexual abuse, physical abuse, verbal abuse, mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, separation/divorce, and violence...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217100/childhood-corporal-punishment-and-future-perpetration-of-physical-dating-violence
#5
Jeff R Temple, Hye Jeong Choi, Tyson Reuter, David Wolfe, Catherine A Taylor, Sheri Madigan, Lauren E Scott
OBJECTIVE: To test whether experiencing childhood corporal punishment is linked to later perpetration of dating violence. STUDY DESIGN: Young adults (n = 758; 61% female; mean age of 20 years), originally recruited for a longitudinal study as 9th- and 10th-grade Texas high school students, were asked about their childhood experiences with corporal punishment and physical abuse, as well as current experiences with dating violence. A path model was used to determine whether childhood corporal punishment was related to recent perpetration of physical dating violence, while controlling for childhood physical abuse, age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216558/maternal-support-following-childhood-sexual-abuse-relationships-to-child-reported
#6
Rachel Wamser-Nanney
Maternal support has been conceptualized as a key factor in predicting children's functioning following sexual abuse; however, empirical evidence for this assumption is rather limited. Prior studies may have failed to find a relationship between maternal support and children's outcomes due to the methodological weaknesses of the prior literature such as the use of maternal support measures without adequately reported psychometric properties. Moreover, relatively few studies have investigated whether maternal support corresponds with children's own self-reported symptoms...
December 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214905/the-jungle-book-of-neuropsychology-disentangling-the-influence-of-feral-childhood-from-adult-brain-injury-in-order-to-provide-effective-rehabilitation
#7
C J McIntosh, A I W James
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This article considers the complexities of neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation in brain injury when the client is illiterate, is from a foreign culture with English as a second language, and reports highly atypical childhood feral experiences prior to injury. METHOD: MC was a 63-year-old woman referred for neuropsychological rehabilitation with a diagnosis of suspected St Louis encephalitis and global cognitive impairment. In formulating her clinical presentation, consideration was given to a reported history of feral childhood living with monkeys in the Colombian jungle and subsequent physical and emotional abuse...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213232/stress-induced-chronic-visceral-pain-of-gastrointestinal-origin
#8
REVIEW
Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld, Anthony C Johnson
Visceral pain is generally poorly localized and characterized by hypersensitivity to a stimulus such as organ distension. In concert with chronic visceral pain, there is a high comorbidity with stress-related psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. The mechanisms linking visceral pain with these overlapping comorbidities remain to be elucidated. Evidence suggests that long term stress facilitates pain perception and sensitizes pain pathways, leading to a feed-forward cycle promoting chronic visceral pain disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213140/effects-of-stress-on-the-development-and-progression-of-cardiovascular-disease
#9
REVIEW
Mika Kivimäki, Andrew Steptoe
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of disease burden globally, which underlies the continuing need to identify new complementary targets for prevention. Over the past 5-10 years, the pooling of multiple data sets into 'mega-studies' has accelerated progress in research on stress as a risk and prognostic factor for cardiovascular disease. Severe stressful experiences in childhood, such as physical abuse and household substance abuse, can damage health and increase the risk of multiple chronic conditions in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210471/child-maltreatment-problem-behaviors-and-neighborhood-attainment
#10
Preeti Chauhan, Amie M Schuck, Cathy Spatz Widom
Using data from a prospective cohort design study of a group of children with documented histories of abuse and neglect (n = 908) and matched controls (n = 667), this paper examines whether problem behaviors (e.g., prostitution, crime, school problems, and homelessness) in young adulthood explain the link between maltreatment in childhood and living in high-risk neighborhoods in middle adulthood. Problem behaviors were assessed at mean age of 29 and neighborhood characteristics were assessed at mean age of 40...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207008/cannabis-use-and-hypomania-in-young-people-a-prospective-analysis
#11
Steven Marwaha, Catherine Winsper, Paul Bebbington, Daniel Smith
Background: Cannabis use in young people is common and associated with psychiatric disorders. However, the prospective link between cannabis use and bipolar disorder symptoms has rarely been investigated. The study hypothesis was that adolescent cannabis use is associated with hypomania in early adulthood via several potential etiological pathways. Methods: Data were used from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK birth cohort study. The prospective link between cannabis use at age 17 and hypomania at age 22-23 years was tested using regression analysis, adjusted for gender, early environmental risk factors, alcohol and drug use, and depression and psychotic symptoms at age 18 years...
November 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206773/trauma-exposure-and-endothelial-function-among-midlife-women
#12
Rebecca C Thurston, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Roland von Känel, Yuefang Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Trauma is a potent exposure that can have implications for health. However, little research has considered whether trauma exposure is related to endothelial function, a key process in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We tested whether exposure to traumatic experiences was related to poorer endothelial function among midlife women, independent of CVD risk factors, demographic factors, psychosocial factors, or a history of childhood abuse. METHODS: In all, 272 nonsmoking perimenopausal and postmenopausal women aged 40 to 60 years without clinical CVD completed the Brief Trauma Questionnaire, the Child Trauma Questionnaire, physical measures, a blood draw, and a brachial ultrasound for assessment of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
December 4, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200557/stressful-and-traumatic-experiences-among-women-with-alcohol-use-disorders-in-india
#13
Kanika Malik, Prabhat Kumar Chand, P Marimuthu, L N Suman
Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine lifetime stressful and traumatic experiences among women with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Methods: The sample comprised of two groups: a clinical group of 35 women with a diagnosis of AUD and a comparison group of 60 women drawn from the community. After screening out, the participants were administered Life Stressor Checklist-Revised. Results: On an average, clinical group was exposed to 7...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199502/adhd-among-offenders-prevalence-and-relationship-with-psychopathic-traits
#14
Ana Machado, Diana Rafaela, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Joaquim Cerejeira
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies have shown a strong association between ADHD and criminal behavior. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD in a high-security facility and to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and psychopathic traits in criminal offenders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited between October 2015 and January 2016 among the inmates from a high-security all-male correctional facility in Portugal...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197206/characteristics-and-development-of-nonsuicidal-super-self-injury-among-borderline-inpatients
#15
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196062/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Richard T Liu, Katie M Scopelliti, Sarah K Pittman, Alejandra S Zamora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury is being increasingly recognised as a prominent public health concern. Identification of early and modifiable risk factors is necessary to advance the screening and intervention efforts, particularly early detection of at-risk individuals. We aimed to examine childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, in relation to non-suicidal self-injury. METHODS: We did a comprehensive meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment (overall, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect, and emotional abuse and neglect) in association with non-suicidal self-injury...
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195513/factors-related-to-co-offending-and-coerced-offending-among-female-sex-offenders-the-role-of-childhood-and-adult-trauma-histories
#17
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Poco Kernsmith
Research suggests two important domains of women's sexual offending: co-offending, in which additional perpetrators are present with the woman during the crime, and coerced offending, in which the woman feels pressured by someone else to commit the crime. This exploratory analysis examines these 2 domains using self-report data from 60 incarcerated female sex offenders (FSOs) in a Midwestern state. In addition to indicating whether a cooffender was present and whether they felt pressure to commit the sex offense for which they were incarcerated, participants provided demographic information about themselves, the victim, and the offense, as well as about their own trauma, substance abuse, and mental illness histories...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191342/cutaneous-sign-of-abuse-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#18
Sphoorthi Jinna, Nina Livingston, Rebecca Moles
Skin injury is the most common form of child physical abuse. Although the pattern and visual appearance of skin injury and the treatment needed for the injury is similar in children and adults, characteristics of infant and childhood skin may complicate the diagnosis of injury. A good understanding of normal developmental presentation of accidental injury from infancy to adulthood, locations for injury that should trigger consideration of abuse, and cutaneous mimics of abuse across the lifespan are critical to the identification of suspected abuse...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190830/reduced-functional-connectivity-of-fronto-parietal-sustained-attention-networks-in-severe-childhood-abuse
#19
Heledd Hart, Lena Lim, Mitul A Mehta, Antonia Chatzieffraimidou, Charles Curtis, Xiaohui Xu, Gerome Breen, Andrew Simmons, Kah Mirza, Katya Rubia
Childhood maltreatment is associated with attention deficits. We examined the effect of childhood abuse and abuse-by-gene (5-HTTLPR, MAOA, FKBP5) interaction on functional brain connectivity during sustained attention in medication/drug-free adolescents. Functional connectivity was compared, using generalised psychophysiological interaction (gPPI) analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, between 21 age-and gender-matched adolescents exposed to severe childhood abuse and 27 healthy controls, while they performed a parametrically modulated vigilance task requiring target detection with a progressively increasing load of sustained attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190148/sexual-inactivity-among-transfeminine-persons-a-canadian-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#20
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer
Sexual health research with transfeminine persons (individuals assigned male at birth who identify as female or feminine) has focused on HIV infection and sexual function following medical treatments. Yet, approximately half of transfeminine persons in Ontario, Canada, reported no partnered sex in the previous year. Therefore, we identified sociodemographic, social, and psychosocial factors associated with past-year sexual inactivity among transfeminine Ontarians. A multi-mode respondent-driven sampling survey of transgender people was conducted in 2009-2010 (N = 433), including 173 transfeminine individuals who had ever been sexually active...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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