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M C M Conde, L A Chisini, R Sarkis-Onofre, H S Schuch, J E Nör, F F Demarco
The aim of this Scoping Study was to evaluate the survival rate and nature of tissue formed inside root canals of human Necrotic Immature Permanent Teeth (NIPT) under root canal revascularization (RCR). The search was performed in SciVerse Scopus(®) , PubMed/Medline, Web of Science(®) , BIREME and in grey literature up to November 2015. The keywords were selected using MeSH terms and DECs. Two independent reviewers scrutinized the records obtained considering specific inclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated in accordance with a modified Arksey and O' Malley's framework...
October 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Paolo Girardi, Roberto Brugnoli, Giovanni Manfredi, Gabriele Sani
Lithium has been a gold standard in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) for several decades. Despite a general reduction in the use of lithium over the past several years, it is effective in the management of both manic and depressive episodes in BD and continues to be recommended as a first-line mood stabilizer. This review provides an overview of the pharmacology of lithium and highlights its clinical profile in the management of BD, focusing on the potential advantages of prolonged-release (PR) versus immediate-release (IR) formulations of lithium...
October 21, 2016: Drugs in R&D
Julia Diehle, Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
PURPOSE: Previous research has mainly focused on veterans' mental health problems, especially on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Less is known about the impact that the veteran's experienced potentially traumatic events (PTEs) might have on their significant others. Therefore, we reviewed the scientific literature to find out what is known about the prevalence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) in significant others of veterans. METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library and PILOTS for relevant articles...
October 21, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
F Marzona, N Parri, A Nocerino, M Giacalone, E Valentini, S Masi, L Bussolin
PURPOSE: Traumatic diaphragm rupture (TDR) is a rare complication of trauma in pediatric age and may be easily missed by the severity of associated injuries so that delayed emergent presentation can occur with increased rate of morbidity and mortality. No review has been available to guide clinicians through the pitfalls and the initial diagnostic approach to pediatric TDR. METHODS: A Medline thorough search on TDR was conducted using different queries. English language citations were identified during the period of January 2000 through December 2014 limiting the search to pediatric age (0-18 years)...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Mieke L G Ten Eikelder, Kelly Mast, Annemarie van der Velden, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Ben W Mol
Importance: Induction of labor is a widely used obstetric intervention, occurring in one in four pregnancies. When the cervix is unfavorable, still many different induction methods are used. Objective: We compared Foley catheter alone to different misoprostol dosages and administration routes, and the combination of Foley catheter with misoprostol. Evidence acquisition: We reviewed the literature on the best induction method regarding their safety and effectiveness, using the outcome measures hyperstimulation, fetal distress, neonatal morbidity and mortality as well as cesarean delivery, vaginal instrumental delivery, and maternal morbidity...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Kelsey L Shnaekel, Michael P Wendel, Nader Z Rabie, Everett F Magann
Objective: The aim of this review was to describe the risk factors, clinical and radiographic criteria, and management of this rare complication of pregnancy. Methods: A PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. Results: There were 60 articles identified, with 53 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been suggested in the literature including retroverted uterus in the first trimester, deep sacral concavity with an overlying sacral promontory, endometriosis, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, pelvic or uterine adhesions, ovarian cysts, leiomyomas, multifetal gestation, uterine anomalies, uterine prolapse, and uterine incarceration in a prior pregnancy...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Marjolein Poels, Maria P H Koster, Hennie R Boeije, Arie Franx, Henk F van Stel
Importance: Preconception care (PCC) has the potential to optimize pregnancy outcomes. However, awareness of PCC among the target population is generally limited, and the use of PCC remains low. Importance: The objective of this study was to review the literature on women's perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators for the use of PCC. Evidence Acquisition: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for published studies until February 2015...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Kristy S Yap, Murray B Urowitz, Quenby Mahood, Jorge Medina-Rosas, Arthy Sabapathy, Daeria Lawson, Jiandong Su, Dafna D Gladman, Zahi Touma
OBJECTIVES: To study the utility of lupus serology as a predictor for kidney graft outcome in (a) a systematic literature review (SLR) and (b) the Toronto lupus cohort (TLC). METHODS: For the SLR, a comprehensive literature search was performed to identify the articles reporting on the serology at renal transplantation (RT) and on the outcome of RT. Studies were critically appraised using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Patients who underwent RT in the TLC were identified and grouped into graft failure and graft survival...
September 21, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
M J Aguado-Romeo, S Benot-López, A Romero-Tabares
Electrochemotherapy is a therapeutic option for the treatment of cutaneous and subcutaneous metastases from melanoma and other tumors. The procedure consists of the administration of anticancer drugs followed by locally applied electrical impulses to achieve an effect known as electroporation, which facilitates entry into the cytosol of drugs that cannot cross the cell membrane. The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence that supports the use of electrochemotherapy as a therapeutic strategy in melanoma...
October 18, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Daisuke Maki, Taisuke Mori, Masanori Teshima, Kenya Kobayashi, Fumihiko Matsumoto, Akihiro Sakai, Kenji Okami, Seiichi Yoshimoto
Chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor occurring in the trunk and long bones. We present an extremely rare case of chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone with clinical and pathological correlation and a literature review. We searched all cases of the hyoid chondrosarcoma in PubMed (MEDLINE) between 1990 and 2015. Eighteen cases were analyzed, including the present case. Most of them were low grade type. In 12 cases where intraoperative findings were recorded, no adhesion to the surrounding tissue was observed. Chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone is usually low grade type, and there may be no invasion to the adjacent structures even if invasion is suspected by imaging findings...
October 18, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Vadim V Yerokhin, Branden K Carr, Guy Sneed, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses that do not include unpublished data in their analyses may be prone to publication bias, which in some cases has been shown to have deleterious consequences on determining the efficacy of interventions. METHODS: We retrieved systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the past 8 years (January 1, 2007-December 31, 2015) from the top 20 journals in the Pregnancy and Childbirth literature, as rated by Google Scholar's h5-index...
October 21, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Herman Veenker, Wolter Paans
BACKGROUND: Research within the framework of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) indicates that patients' autonomy is to be considered a critical health care outcome in its own right since it promotes improved mental and physical health. This paper presents an analysis of studies addressing communication and interaction interventions in health literacy curricula for medical and health care practitioners, focusing on patient-oriented skills in "making sense" and "to adapt and self-manage"...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Bushra Farah Nasir, Leanne Hides, Steve Kisely, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Geoffrey C Nicholson, Emma Black, Neeraj Gill, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Maree Toombs
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among Indigenous youth worldwide. The aim of this literature review was to determine the cultural appropriateness and identify evidence for the effectiveness of current gatekeeper suicide prevention training programs within the international Indigenous community. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, relevant databases and targeted resources were searched using the following terms: 'suicide', 'gatekeeper', 'training', 'suicide prevention training', 'suicide intervention training' and 'Indigenous'...
October 21, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Jingwen Tan, Shuiqing Liu, Jodi B Segal, G Caleb Alexander, Mara McAdams-DeMarco
BACKGROUND: Patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), including stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), are at high risk for stroke-related morbidity, mortality and bleeding. The overall risk/benefit balance of warfarin treatment among patients with ESRD and AF remains unclear. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the associations of warfarin use and stroke outcome, bleeding outcome or mortality in patients with ESRD and AF...
October 21, 2016: BMC Nephrology
Verinder Sharma, Sapna Sharma
Many women with bipolar disorder experience significant morbidity during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The use of evidence-based and up-to-date guidelines has the potential to improve maternal and neonatal care. We review the latest clinical practice guidelines to gather recommendations for the peripartum management of bipolar disorder. Areas covered: Three electronic databases, MEDLINE/PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the National Guidelines Clearinghouse were searched using various combinations of the following terms: bipolar disorder, pregnancy, postpartum, peripartum, puerperal, antenatal, postnatal, and guidelines...
October 21, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Jan Forber, Michelle DiGiacomo, Bernie Carter, Patricia Davidson, Jane Phillips, Debra Jackson
Clinical learning experiences are an essential part of nurse education programs. Numerous approaches to clinical education and student supervision exist. The aim of this integrative review was to explore how studies have compared or contrasted different models of undergraduate nurse clinical education. A search of eight databases was undertaken to identify peer-reviewed literature published between 2006 and 2015. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. A diverse range of methodologies and data collection methods were represented, which primarily explored student experiences or perceptions...
September 30, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Michael P Atkinson, Moshe Kress, Roberto Szechtman
BACKGROUND: The US invests considerable effort in searching and interdicting drug-trafficking vessels in the Caribbean and Eastern Pacific regions. While some vessels are indeed interdicted, resulting in confiscation of substantial quantities of drugs, many such vessels manage to avoid detection and arrive safely at their destinations in Central America and Mexico with their drug load intact. The agency in charge of interdicting this traffic, Joint Interagency Task Force South-JIATF-S, sends out both aerial and surface assets for search and interdiction missions...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Hamidreza Majidiani, Sahar Dalvand, Ahmad Daryani, Ma de la Luz Galvan-Ramirez, Masoud Foroutan-Rad
INTRODUCTION: The global protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, infects many warm-blooded animals and humans by employing different transmission routes. There have been some recent studies on the probable relevance of infectious agents and diabetes. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the possible association between chronic toxoplasmosis and diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted following the general methodology recommended for systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
October 18, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Daniel Lordelo San Martin, Dislene Nascimento Dos Santos, Abrahão Fontes Baptista
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pain in patients infected with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1, clinically and epidemiologically. METHODS: This systematic review was based on The PRISMA Statement. Four reviewers searched PUBMED, SciELO, LILACS and BIREME for data from observational studies and clinical trials (n≥30) regarding pain prevalence, characteristics, and associated factors in patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. No limits on publication date or language were established...
October 18, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ruifeng Liu, Xueping Yu, Anders Wallqvist
Chemical toxicity is conventionally evaluated in animal models. However, animal models are resource intensive; moreover, they face ethical and scientific challenges because the outcomes obtained by animal testing may not correlate with human responses. To develop an alternative method for assessing chemical toxicity, we investigated the feasibility of using chemical-induced genome-wide expression changes in cultured human cells to predict the potential of a chemical to cause specific organ injuries in humans...
October 21, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
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