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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351025/decidual-bleeding-as-a-cause-of-spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth
#1
Marit C I Lier, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic, Marwan Habiba, Giuseppe Benagiano
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) is a rare, life-threatening event, particularly relevant to women with endometriosis or deciduosis. METHODS: To determine the type of lesions leading to SHiP, a literature search was conducted among all published SHiP cases. From a total of 1,339 publications, information on pathological findings at the bleeding site with histological data was found in 24 case reports (16 pregnant, 8 postpartum). RESULTS: Among pregnant women (81% primigravida), 75% had a diagnosis of endometriosis and 25% of deciduosis...
March 29, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350805/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-in-oesophageal-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Andrzej Budzyński, Michał Pędziwiatr
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol are well established in many surgical disciplines, leading to decrease in morbidity and length of hospital stay. These multi-modal protocols have been also introduced to oesophageal cancer surgery. This review aimed to evaluate current literature on ERAS in oesophageal cancer surgery and conduct a meta-analysis on primary and secondary outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350745/the-irish-helicobacter-pylori-working-group-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-h-pylori-infection-in-adult-patients-in-ireland
#3
Sinead Smith, Breida Boyle, Denise Brennan, Martin Buckley, Paul Crotty, Maeve Doyle, Richard Farrell, Mary Hussey, David Kevans, Peter Malfertheiner, Francis Megraud, Sean Nugent, Anthony O'Connor, Colm O'Morain, Shiobhan Weston, Deirdre McNamara
BACKGROUND: Irish eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori are decreasing and there is an increase in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. These trends call into question current management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To establish an Irish Helicobacter pylori Working Group (IHPWG) to assess, revise and tailor current available recommendations. METHODS: Experts in the areas of gastroenterology and microbiology were invited to join the IHPWG...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346994/gc-ms-analysis-and-potential-cytotoxic-activity-of-calyptranthes-grandifolia-o-berg-calyptranthes-tricona-d-legrand-and-myrciaria-plinioides-d-legrand-essential-oil-in-raw264-7-and-cho-k1-cells
#4
D Faleiro, S M Immich, F Majolo, L Mayer, E M Ethur, M I Goettert
The search for new bioactive substances derived from natural products is daily growing. Among biologically active products used in therapeutic approaches, essential oils are described with wide range of therapeutic and pharmacological potential. Plants from Myrtaceae family have the presence of essential oils in its composition. Calyptranthes grandifolia, Calyptranthes tricona and Myrciaria plinioides species belong to this family and are used by the local population. However, there are no reports in the literature describing relevant characteristics about the potential and possible activities of these species...
March 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346862/communication-about-dying-death-and-bereavement-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-literature
#5
Marina N F Arruda-Colli, Meaghann S Weaver, Lori Wiener
BACKGROUND: Children's books have the potential to facilitate communication about death for children living with a serious illness and for children coping with the death of a loved one. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the content of children's literature relevant to the topic of dying and death and identifies books providers can share with children and their families. DESIGN: A search of children's literature was conducted using four electronic databases and one additional search engine using the word "Death" or "Dying...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346753/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-hyperglycemia-and-peri-implant-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Alberto Monje, Andres Catena, Wenche S Borgnakke
AIM: This systematic review investigates whether hyperglycemia/diabetes mellitus is associated with peri-implant diseases (peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searching was conducted. An a priori case definition for peri-implantitis was used as an inclusion criterion to minimize risk of bias. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale was used for quality assessment; random effect models were applied; and results were reported according to the PRISMA Statement...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346723/a-systematic-review-of-genetic-syndromes-with-obesity
#7
REVIEW
Y Kaur, R J de Souza, W T Gibson, D Meyre
Syndromic monogenic obesity typically follows Mendelian patterns of inheritance and involves the co-presentation of other characteristics, such as mental retardation, dysmorphic features and organ-specific abnormalities. Previous reviews on obesity have reported 20 to 30 syndromes but no systematic review has yet been conducted on syndromic obesity. We searched seven databases using terms such as 'obesity', 'syndrome' and 'gene' to conduct a systematic review of literature on syndromic obesity. Our literature search identified 13,719 references...
March 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346380/constituents-of-the-roots-of-dichapetalum-pallidum-and-their-anti-proliferative-activity
#8
Dorcas Osei-Safo, Godwin Akpeko Dziwornu, Regina Appiah-Opong, Mary Anti Chama, Isaac Tuffour, Reiner Waibel, Richard Amewu, Ivan Addae-Mensah
As part of our search for bioactive compounds from the Dichapetalaceae, repeated chromatographic purification of the roots of a hitherto unexamined species, Dichapetalum pallidum, led to the isolation of the newly occurring 7-hydroxydichapetalin P (1) and the known dichapetalins A (2) and X (3). Also isolated were the known compounds friedelin-2,3-lactone (4), friedelan-3-one (6), friedelan-3β-ol (7) and pomolic (8), as well as the dipeptide aurantiamide acetate (5). The compounds were characterized by direct interpretation of their IR, 1D NMR and 2D NMR spectral data and by comparison of their physico-chemical data, including their chromatographic profiles, with the literature and authentic samples in our compound library for the genus Dichapetalum...
March 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346336/enzymatic-processes-in-marine-biotechnology
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Trincone
In previous review articles the attention of the biocatalytically oriented scientific community towards the marine environment as a source of biocatalysts focused on the habitat-related properties of marine enzymes. Updates have already appeared in the literature, including marine examples of oxidoreductases, hydrolases, transferases, isomerases, ligases, and lyases ready for food and pharmaceutical applications. Here a new approach for searching the literature and presenting a more refined analysis is adopted with respect to previous surveys, centering the attention on the enzymatic process rather than on a single novel activity...
March 25, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346131/lack-of-diversity-in-personal-health-record-evaluations-with-older-adult-participants-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#10
Laura Kneale, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Older adults are not adopting personal health records (PHRs) at the same rates as other adult populations. Disparities in adoption rates are also reported in older adult subgroups. The variability in adoption may be because PHRs are not designed to meet older adult users. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed PHR evaluation studies to examine the characteristics and perspectives of older adult study participants to identify their self-reported needs. METHOD: We searched Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase for PHR evaluation studies that involved older adult participants...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346130/defining-health-information-exchange-scoping-review-of-published-definitions
#11
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: The term Health Information Exchange (HIE) is often used in health informatics, yet uncertainties remain about its precise meaning. This study aimed to capture and analyse existing definitions in order to map variations in its use and the concepts associated with it. METHODS: Systematic literature search to identify published definitions of HIE and equivalent terms such as Clinical Information Exchange. Medline, Web of Science, Library Information Science and Technology Abstracts, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus were searched to identify relevant research, and Google to identify grey literature...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345960/graft-utilization-in-the-bridging-reconstruction-of-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-a-systematic-review
#12
Matthew R Lewington, Devin P Ferguson, T Duncan Smith, Robert Burks, Catherine Coady, Ivan Ho-Bun Wong
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common conditions affecting the shoulder. Because of the difficulty in managing massive rotator cuff tears and the inability of standard techniques to prevent arthropathy, surgeons have developed several novel techniques to improve outcomes and ideally alter the natural history. PURPOSE: To systematically review the existing literature and analyze reported outcomes to evaluate the effectiveness of using a bridging graft reconstruction technique to treat large to massive irreparable rotator cuff tears...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345737/-meningeal-carcinomatosis-in-breast-cancer-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#13
REVIEW
C Elm'hadi, Z Es Sbai, M Reda Khmamouche, M Toreis, R Tanz, H Errihani, M Ichou
The appearance of meningeal carcinomatosis in breast cancer is an event that is being reported increasingly more frequently in the literature. It seems to be related with the lengthening of the patients' lives, improved sensitivity to diagnostic imaging and impermeability of the blood-brain barrier to the chemotherapeutic agents. It is an evolutionary form that affirms the metastatic invasion of the subarachnoidal space and is correlated with limited survival. Its diagnosis is difficult, due to the lack of specificity of the clinical signs dominated by headaches, cognitive disorders and possible signs and symptoms of progressive focal lesions...
April 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345566/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-in-anterior-segment-surgeries
#14
Jeewan S Titiyal, Manpreet Kaur, Ruchita Falera
Intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) is a noninvasive imaging modality that provides a real-time dynamic feedback of the various surgical steps. Comprehensive literature search was performed in MEDLINE using "intraoperative optical coherence tomography" and "iOCT" as keywords. The use of iOCT as an aid to decision-making has been successfully reported in cases undergoing keratoplasty, implantable Collamer lens (ICL) implantation as well as cataract surgery. iOCT helps to assess the graft-host relationship in penetrating keratoplasty...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345562/definition-of-blindness-under-national-programme-for-control-of-blindness-do-we-need-to-revise-it
#15
Praveen Vashist, Suraj Singh Senjam, Vivek Gupta, Noopur Gupta, Atul Kumar
A review appropriateness of the current definition of blindness under National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB), Government of India. Online search of peer-reviewed scientific published literature and guidelines using PubMed, the World Health Organization (WHO) IRIS, and Google Scholar with keywords, namely blindness and visual impairment, along with offline examination of reports of national and international organizations, as well as their cross-references was done until December 2016, to identify relevant documents on the definition of blindness...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345518/oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-hpv-systematic-review-on-overall-management
#16
S De Santis, M C Spinosi, J Cambi, C Bengala, S Boccuzzi
INTRODUCTION: Oral human papillomavirus infection amplifies the risk for oropharyngeal cancer. Human papillomavirus-associated cancers in otorhinolaryngology have typical characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To improve understanding of management, therapy and prognosis of patients with oropharyngeal human papillomavirus-associated cancers a systematic review of the literature was reported. Medline, The Cochrane Library, Embase and Scielo electronic databases were searched...
February 24, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345498/the-effects-of-payments-for-pharmaceuticals-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Katarzyna Kolasa, Marta Kowalczyk
The existence of different forms of out-of-pocket payments (OOPs) for pharmaceuticals across the globe provokes the question whether they can achieve more negative or positive consequences. A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the association between drug cost sharing and health care services utilization, health care costs as well as health outcomes. Studies published in The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase were searched with such keywords as: drug, pharmaceutical, cost sharing, out of pocket, co-payments paired with the following: impact, health outcomes, health care costs and utilization...
March 27, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345423/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-hearing-disorders-literature-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-and-temporal-bone-findings
#18
Arianna Di Stadio, Massimo Ralli
Objective This literature review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the correlations among hearing and vestibular clinical symptoms, temporal bone findings, and pathological mechanisms in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Study design Relevant papers in the literature were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical hearing aspects in patients with SLE and relevant temporal bone studies in the same field were analyzed. Methods PubMed and Google Scholar searches were performed using the following keywords: "auto-immune disease," "systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)," "hearing loss," "temporal bone study," "vertigo," "dizziness," "tinnitus," "ear symptoms," "treatment," "diagnosis," "symptoms," "etiopathogenesis," "Wegener granulomatosis," "Sjogren," "polyarteritis nodosa," "Cogan syndrome," and "granulomatosis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345383/pulmonary-fibrosis-part-i-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-diagnosis
#19
Keith C Meyer
Many forms of interstitial lung disease (ILD) can progress to extensive fibrosis and respiratory failure. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which generally has a poor prognosis, has been thoroughly studied over the past two decades, and many important discoveries have been made that pertain to genetic predisposition, epidemiology, disease pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. Additionally, non-IPF forms of ILD can have radiologic and histopathologic manifestations that mimic IPF, and making an accurate diagnosis is key to providing personalized medicine to patients with pulmonary fibrosis...
March 26, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345369/pulmonary-fibrosis-part-ii-state-of-the-art-patient-management
#20
Keith C Meyer
While many pharmacologic therapies for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have been evaluated via randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) conducted over the past two decades, most therapies have been shown to be ineffective or even potentially harmful. However, a number of recently completed RCTs have shown significant efficacy for pirfenidone and nintedanib for the treatment of IPF. Areas Covered: This manuscript reviews recent advances in the management of IPF and other forms of fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD) with an emphasis on IPF...
March 26, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
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