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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#1
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911457/what-is-the-impact-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-on-semen-parameters-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Mohammad H Radfar, Nasser Simforoosh, Mehdi Sotoudeh, Mehdi H Ramezani, Mohammad J Mollakoochakian, Maryam Nikravesh, Hamidreza Shemshaki
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is an important tool for the management of urolithiasis. The effects of shockwaves on tissues are established. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the microscopic semen characteristics of young men before and after ESWL treatment for lower ureteral calculi. METHODS: Literature searches were performed following the Cochrane guidelines. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis that included six trials that investigated the effects of ESWL on semen parameters, including sperm concentration, motility, and hematospermia...
December 2, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911321/the-effects-of-meditation-on-grey-matter-atrophy-and-neurodegeneration-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#3
Nicole Last, Emily Tufts, Leslie E Auger
The present systematic review is based on the premise that a variety of neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by grey matter atrophy in the brain and meditation may impact this. Given that age is a major risk factor for many of these progressive and neurodegenerative diseases and that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is quickly increasing, there is an obvious need for prompt treatment and prevention advances in research. As there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, many are seeking non-pharmacological treatment options in attempts to offset the disease-related cognitive and functional declines...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911314/updating-the-evidence-on-the-association-between-serum-cholesterol-and-risk-of%C3%A2-late-life-dementia-review-and%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#4
Kaarin J Anstey, Kimberly Ashby-Mitchell, Ruth Peters
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have reported that midlife high total serum cholesterol (TC) is associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in late-life but findings have been based on few studies and previous reviews have been limited by a lack of compatible data. OBJECTIVE: We synthesized all high quality data from cohort studies reporting on the association between total serum cholesterol measured and late-life cognitive outcomes including Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), any dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and cognitive decline...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911280/clinicopathological-significance-of-wif1-hypermethylation-in-nsclc-a-meta-analysis-and-literature-review
#5
Hao Guo, Shuni Zhou, Lili Tan, Xiaoyu Wu, Zhenfeng Wu, Ruizhi Ran
Methylation of the WIF-1 gene can lead to the loss of WIF-1 expression which has been observed in numerous types of cancer including NSCLC. However, the association and clinicopathological significance between WIF-1 promoter hypermethylation and NSCLC remains unclear. In the present study, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the clinicopathological significance of WIF-1 hypermethylation in NSCLC. A systematic literature search was carried out using Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science and CNKI. The Cochrane software Review manager 5...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911246/role-of-follow-up-imaging-after-resection-of-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Joaquin E Jimenez, Zachary C Gersey, Jason Wagner, Brian Snelling, Sudheer Ambekar, Eric C Peterson
OBJECTIVE Pediatric patients are at risk for the recurrence of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) after resection. While there is general consensus on the importance of follow-up after surgical removal of an AVM, there is a lack of consistency in the duration of that follow-up. The object of this systematic review was to examine the role of follow-up imaging in detecting AVM recurrence early and preventing AVM rupture. METHODS This systematic review was performed using articles obtained through a search of the literature contained in the MeSH database, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911231/systematic-review-of-ventricular-peritoneal-shunt-and-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-a-safe-combination
#7
Leendert H Oterdoom, D L Marinus Oterdoom, Johannes C F Ket, J Marc C van Dijk, Pieter Scholten
OBJECTIVE Various international and national gastrointestinal guidelines take different positions on whether ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) insertion is a contraindication to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The objective of this meta-analysis was to try to answer the question of whether VPS insertion is a contraindication to PEG. METHODS A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. Electronic databases PubMed and Embase were searched using variations of the terms "ventriculo-peritoneal shunt" and "percutaneous (endoscopic) gastrostomy...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911100/mitochondria-and-iron-current-questions
#8
Bibbin T Paul, David H Manz, Frank M Torti, Suzy V Torti
Mitochondria are cellular organelles that perform numerous bioenergetic, biosynthetic, and regulatory functions and play a central role in iron metabolism. Extracellular iron is taken up by cells and transported to the mitochondria, where it is utilized for synthesis of cofactors essential to the function of enzymes involved in oxidation-reduction reactions, DNA synthesis and repair, and a variety of other cellular processes. Areas Covered: This article reviews the trafficking of iron to the mitochondria and normal mitochondrial iron metabolism, including heme synthesis and iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis...
December 2, 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911019/the-impact-and-measurement-of-social-dysfunction-in-late-life-depression-an-evaluation-of-current-methods-with-a-focus-on-wearable-technology
#9
REVIEW
Sophie Hodgetts, Peter Gallagher, Daniel Stow, I Nicol Ferrier, John T O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: Depression is known to negatively impact social functioning, with patients commonly reporting difficulties maintaining social relationships. Moreover, a large body of evidence suggests poor social functioning is not only present in depression but that social functioning is an important factor in illness course and outcome. In addition, good social relationships can play a protective role against the onset of depressive symptoms, particularly in late-life depression. However, the majority of research in this area has employed self-report measures of social function...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910801/epidemiologic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-refractory-coeliac-disease-a-systematic-review
#10
Sara Anna Rowinski, Erik Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Refractory coeliac disease (RCD) is a rare and severe malabsorptive disease. The condition has two subtypes: RCDI and RCDII. Different treatments have been tested: and because RCD has a poor prognosis due to progress to enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma, the aim was to review the epidemiologic aspects and the therapeutic options for RCD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in 18 databases, and 122 records were identified. Incidence, prevalence, treatment methods and their efficacy were evaluated...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910035/self-care-as-a-professional-imperative-physician-burnout-depression-and-suicide
#11
Catherine M Kuhn, Ellen M Flanagan
PURPOSE: Burnout has been identified in approximately half of all practicing physicians, including anesthesiologists. In this narrative review, the relationship between burnout, depression, and suicide is explored, with particular attention to the anesthesiologist. Throughout this review, we highlight our professional imperative regarding this epidemic. SOURCE: The authors searched the existing English language literature via PubMed from 1986 until present using the search terms physician burnout, depression, and suicide, with particular attention to studies regarding anesthesiologists and strategies to address these problems...
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909999/quality-assessment-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-integrative-medicine-in-china-a-systematic-review
#12
Sha Yao, Dang Wei, Yao-Long Chen, Qi Wang, Xiao-Qin Wang, Zhao Zeng, Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of integrative medicine clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) published before 2014. METHODS: A systematic search of the scientific literature published before 2014 was conducted to select integrative medicine CPGs. Four major Chinese integrated databases and one guideline database were searched: the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), Wanfang Data, and the China Guideline Clearinghouse (CGC)...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909796/-clinical-morphological-and-molecular-biological-characteristics-of-the-aging-eye
#13
M R R Böhm, H Thomasen, F Parnitzke, K-P Steuhl
BACKGROUND: The physiological aging of the eye is associated with loss of visual function. Age-related changes of the eye can result in ophthalmological diseases. The aim of this article is to display morphological, histological and molecular biological alterations of the aging eye. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A web-based search and review of the literature for aging of the visual system including cornea, lens, vitreous humor, retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), choroidea and optic nerve were carried out...
December 1, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909654/bone-substitutes-and-expanders-in-spine-surgery-a-review-of-their-fusion-efficacies
#14
Abhijeet Kadam, Paul W Millhouse, Christopher K Kepler, Kris E Radcliff, Michael G Fehlings, Michael E Janssen, Rick C Sasso, James J Benedict, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review of literature. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript intends to provide a review of clinically relevant bone substitutes and bone expanders for spinal surgery in terms of efficacy and associated clinical outcomes, as reported in contemporary spine literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ever since the introduction of allograft as a substitute for autologous bone in spinal surgery, a sea of literature has surfaced, evaluating both established and newly emerging fusion alternatives...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909616/is-extended-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-for-prostate-cancer-the-only-recommended-option-a-systematic-over-view-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Rees, Nicholas Raison, Mohammed Iqbal Sheikh, Zahra Jaffry, Sanjeev Madaan, Ben Challacombe, Kamran Ahmed, Prokar Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is performed alongside radical prostatectomy as the most accurate method of staging prostate cancer. Yet the potential therapeutic benefits of lymphadenectomy are yet to be confirmed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A PubMed database search was performed to identify all papers comparing techniques for PLND or none. The primary outcome measure was long term oncological outcomes. Studies looking at men with clinically localized prostate cancer at the time of radical prostatectomy who received no adjuvant treatment were included...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909547/gastrointestinal-tract-access-for-urological-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Olga Miakicheva, Zachary Hamilton, Alp T Beksac, Sean W Berquist, Abd-Elrahman Hassan, Marc Holden, Ithaar H Derweesh
We conducted a literature review of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), focusing on urologic procedures with gastrointestinal tract access, to update on the development of this novel surgical approach. As part of the methods, a comprehensive electronic literature search for NOTES was conducted using PubMed and Cochrane Library from March 2002 to February 2016 for papers reporting urologic procedures performed utilizing gastrointestinal tract access. A total of 11 peer-reviewed studies examining utility of gastrointestinal access for NOTES urologic procedures were noted, with the first report in 2007...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909543/a-meta-analysis-of-quadripolar-versus-bipolar-left-ventricular-leads-on-post-procedural-outcomes
#17
Mohit K Turagam Md, Muhammad R Afzal Md, Sandia Iskander Md, Madhu Reddy Md, Luigi Di Biase Md, Andrea Natale Md, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy Md Fhrs
Objective: We aimed to perform a meta-analysis from eligible studies to analyze the true impact of QL when compared with BL with regard to post-procedural outcomes including lead deactivation, revision or replacement. Background: Many observational and retrospective studies showed that quadripolar left ventricular leads (QL) are associated with better outcomes and fewer complications when compared with bipolar leads (BL). Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search through June 30, 2015 using: quadripolar, bipolar, left ventricular lead and CRT in Pubmed, Ebsco and google scholar databases...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909376/completeness-of-outcomes-description-reported-in-low-back-pain-rehabilitation-interventions-a-survey-of-185-randomized-trials
#18
Silvia Gianola, Pamela Frigerio, Michela Agostini, Rosa Bolotta, Greta Castellini, Davide Corbetta, Monica Gasparini, Paolo Gozzer, Erica Guariento, Linda C Li, Valentina Pecoraro, Valeria Sirtori, Andrea Turolla, Anita Andreano, Lorenzo Moja
Purpose: To assess reporting completeness of the most frequent outcome measures used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rehabilitation interventions for mechanical low back pain. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of RCTs included in all Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) published up to May 2013. Two authors independently evaluated the type and frequency of each outcome measure reported, the methods used to measure outcomes, the completeness of outcome reporting using a eight-item checklist, and the proportion of outcomes fully replicable by an independent assessor...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909373/exercise-telemonitoring-and-telerehabilitation-compared-with-traditional-cardiac-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Christen Chan, Cristiane Yamabayashi, Nafeez Syed, Ashley Kirkham, Pat G Camp
Background: Despite exercise capacity and quality-of-life benefits, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes are not easily accessed because of several barriers. A solution may be telerehabilitation (TR), in which patients exercise in their communities while they are monitored via teletechnology. However, the benefits of TR for the purposes of PR and CR have not been systematically reviewed. Objective: To determine whether the benefits of the exercise component of PR and CR using TR are comparable to usual-care (UC) programmes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909270/safe-introduction-of-ancillary-trocars-in-gynecological-surgery-the-yellow-island-anatomical-landmark
#20
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Nicola Gasbarro, Antonio Simone Lagana, Fabrizio Sapia, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Gaetano Valenti, Maria Antonietta Trovato, Diego Rossetti, Benito Chiofalo, Giuseppina Barrasso, Andrea Tinelli, Francesco Corrado
AIM: This technical note aims to suggest a safe introduction of ancillary trocars in gynaecological surgery, in order to prevent inferior epigastric artery damage. MATERIAL OF STUDY: We performed a narrative overview, synthesizing the findings of literature retrieved from searches of computerized databases. RESULTS: Among the different techniques, the identification of the "yellow island" as anatomical landmark seems to be a useful aid to avoid complication...
November 18, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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