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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055290/a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-examining-the-role-of-women-in-african-american-men-s-prostate-cancer-screening-and-treatment-decision-making
#1
REVIEW
Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Kenay Horne, Derek M Griffith
OBJECTIVE: Being an African American man is a risk factor for prostate cancer and there is little consensus about the utility of screening, early detection, and the efficacy of treatment for the disease. In this context, this systematic review examines the roles women, particularly wives, play in African American men's prostate cancer screening and treatment decision-making. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline (R), CINAHL (EBSCO), PsychInfo (EBSCO), PubMED, Cochrane Library, ERIC (Firstsearch) and Web of Science to identify peer-review articles published between 1980-2016 that reported qualitative data about prostate cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment in African American men...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055269/decision-making-measured-by-the-iowa-gambling-task-in-alcohol-use-disorder-and-gambling-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ildikó Kovács, Mara J Richman, Zoltán Janka, Aniko Maraz, Bálint Andó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AD) have similar features, such as elevated impulsivity and decision-making deficits, which are directly linked to relapse and poor therapeutic outcomes. Our aim was to assess decision-making characteristics in GD and AD patients compared to healthy controls (HC) based on one of the most frequently used measures of decision-making: the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). METHODS: In our systematic literature search of three databases, we identified 1198 empirical articles that mentioned decision-making deficits with the use of the IGT in patients diagnosed with either AD or GD...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055243/physiological-vital-sign-ranges-in-newborns-from-34-weeks-gestation-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Michelle Paliwoda, Karen New, Mark Davies, Fiona Bogossian
CONTEXT: The birth process and the moments thereafter are a crucial time for newborns as they adapt to extra uterine life. The adaptive process begins immediately and can take a number of days to complete. The process involves initiating and maintaining respirations, thermoregulation, and the change from foetal circulation to newborn circulation. The majority of newborns successfully adapt to extra uterine life, some experience difficulty. Early warning tools may assist clinicians identify early signs of failure to adapt and/or deterioration but these are dependent on 'Normal' vital sign reference ranges for triggering an escalation of care...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055236/the-importance-of-academic-literacy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-its-relationship-to-future-professional-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Diana Jefferies, Stephen McNally, Katriona Roberts, Anna Wallace, Annette Stunden, Suzanne D'Souza, Paul Glew
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was designed to assess the importance of academic literacy for undergraduate nursing students and its relationship to future professional clinical practice. It aimed to explore the link between academic literacy and writing in an undergraduate nursing degree and the development of critical thinking skills for their future professional clinical practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative studies and expert opinion publications...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055177/pesticide-management-approach-towards-protecting-the-safety-and-health-of-farmers-in-southeast-asia
#5
REVIEW
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055132/gram-negative-bacterial-toe-web-infection-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Till Weidner, Jörg Tittelbach, Tanja Illing, Peter Elsner
Gram-negative bacterial toe web infection (GNBTWI) is a frequent therapeutic challenge in clinical practice with high recurrence rates and frequent need of systemic drugs. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an updated overview and evidence-based data on pathogens, risk-factors and treatment of GNBTWI along with promoting a consistent international terminology. This systematic review is based on a search in PubMed database for English and German articles published between 1980 and 2016. A total of 7 articles were considered appropriate for inclusion in this review regarding to treatment and outcome...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055129/desmopressin-for-treating-nocturia-in-men
#7
REVIEW
Julia Han, Jae Hung Jung, Caitlin J Bakker, Mark H Ebell, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Nocturia is the bothersome symptom of awakening one or more times per night to void. Desmopressin is a commonly used medication for treating nocturia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of desmopressin as compared to other interventions in the treatment of nocturia in men. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of medical literature with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017...
October 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054830/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-virus-among-people-who-inject-drugs-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Daniel J Smith, Josh Neurer, Ashly E Jordan, Holly Hagan
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a persistent epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID), and PWID remain as the population experiencing the most significant impact of HCV-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to synthesize data on the epidemiology of HCV infection among PWID. Our main objectives are to characterize the global and regional distribution and determinants of HCV infection among PWID...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054775/paul-of-aegina-625-690-his-work-and-his-contribution-to-neurological-surgery-trephinations-and-laminectomies-in-the-dark-ages
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Demetrios Korres, Maria Kyriaki Kaseta, Marianna Karamanou, Georgios Androutsos
The purpose of this historical review is to summarize the work of Paul of Aegina and especially his contribution to the treatment of neurosurgical disorders and trauma. Paul performed trephinations for head injuries in the tradition of the Egyptian and the Greek schools of medicine. However he was an innovator in the treatment of several spine injuries as his choice to perform laminectomies and his description of them as safe and successful is unprecedented in the history of the recorded medicine and surgery...
October 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054708/semantic-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-cell-proteins-obtained-from-rare-research-opportunities
#10
Johann Bauer, Daniela Grimm, Erich Gombocz
Research in natural sciences is mainly done by means of experiments. Some of those experiments such as spaceflight-dependent experiments are extremely laborious, complex and expensive. Hence, they often remain rare events with little chances of statistical tests and possibilities of repetition. In order to make each single event as valuable as possible, a sophisticated comparison of experimental data received with the hundreds of millions of computer-stored documents appears necessary. We used results of an earlier study on proteome analysis of microgravity-exposed human thyroid cancer cells, selected twenty proteins which appeared gravity sensitive and investigated whether their change observed in cells under the loss of gravity could cause health problems in astronauts...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054705/cistanches-herba-an-overview-of-its-chemistry-pharmacology-and-pharmacokinetics-property
#11
REVIEW
Zhifei Fu, Xiang Fan, Xiaoying Wang, Xiumei Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cistanches Herba is an Orobanchaceae parasitic plant. As a commonly used Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), its traditional functions include treating kidney deficiency, impotence, female infertility and senile constipation. Chemical analysis of Cistanches Herba revealed that phenylethanoid glycosides, iridoids, lignans, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides were the main constituents. Pharmacological studies demonstrated that Cistanches Herba exhibited neuroprotective, immunomodulatory, hormonal balancing, anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotection, anti-oxidative, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-tumor effects, etc...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054690/removable-rigid-dressings-for-postoperative-management-of-transtibial-amputations-a-review-of-published-evidence
#12
REVIEW
James P Reichmann, Phillip M Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D Kreulen
Forty years of clinical experience and peer reviewed research studies support the use of non-weight bearing removable rigid dressings (RRD) as an effective means of post-operative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design utilizing the scale recommended by the PM&R Journal (level I through V)...
October 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054574/concepts-antecedents-and-consequences-of-ambulance-ramping-in-the-emergency-department-a-scoping-review
#13
Chris Kingswell, Ramon Z Shaban, Julia Crilly
BACKGROUND: Patients arriving at the Emergency Department (ED) via ambulance can experience a delay in receiving definitive care. In Australia, this phenomenon is referred to as 'Ambulance Ramping', 'Patient Off Stretcher Time Delay' or 'Offload Delay'. As a direct consequence of crowding, and in the context of a worldwide increase in ED and ambulance usage, hospital and ambulance service function is hampered. The aim of this review was to synthesize the literature with respect to the conceptualisation, meaning, antecedents and consequences of Ambulance Ramping...
October 17, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054571/associations-of-dc-sign-cd209-promoter-336g-a-polymorphism-rs4804803-with-dengue-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Noel Pabalan, Suwit Chaisri, Sompong Tabunhan, Achara Phumyen, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Theodore S Steiner
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dengue virus entry into a host is associated with a cell surface protein, DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 grabbing non-integrin). A common CD209-336G/A (rs4804803) polymorphism in DC-SIGN may affect severity of dengue virus infection (DEN) and incidence of dengue fever (DF) or the more severe dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). However, the reported associations of these two outcomes and CD-209 have been inconsistent, which prompted a meta-analysis to obtain more precise estimates...
October 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054497/association-between-male-pattern-baldness-and-prostate-disease-a-meta-analysis
#15
Tao Jin, Tao Wu, Zhumei Luo, Xi Duan, Shi Deng, Yin Tang
BACKGROUND: Male pattern baldness (MPB) has been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer (PC) as well as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We performed a meta-analysis to quantitatively determine the level of risk of PC and BPH in individuals with baldness. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using several databases. We calculated pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs. RESULTS: In total, 17 studies comprising 68,448 participants were eligible for the meta-analysis and showed that MPB is associated with an increased risk of aggressive PC (OR = 1...
October 17, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054400/barriers-to-delirium-assessment-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Gabby Rowley-Conwy
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common syndrome that has both short and long-term negative outcomes for critically ill patients. Many studies over several years have found a knowledge gap and lack of evidence-based practice from critical care personnel, but there has been little exploration of the reasons for this. AIM: To identify the perceived barriers to delirium assessment and management among critical care nurses. METHOD: A literature review of published studies to examine barriers to effective delirium assessment using a comprehensive search strategy...
October 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054292/addiction-a-dysregulation-of-satiety-and-inflammatory-processes
#17
Rivona Harricharan, Oualid Abboussi, William M U Daniels
Over the years, drug addiction has proven to be a perplexing conundrum for scientists. In attempts to decipher the components of the puzzle, multiple theories of addiction have been proposed. While these theories have assisted in providing essential fundamental information, current research recommends that a new theory needs to be presented taking into consideration the results of recent developments in the fields of neuroimmunology, genetics, and neuropsychiatry. After extensively examining the published literature, we propose in this review that neuroinflammation and hypothalamic functioning strongly underpin addictive behavior...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#18
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behavior of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054049/individual-variability-in-clinical-effect-and-tolerability-of-opioid-analgesics-importance-of-drug-interactions-and-pharmacogenetics
#19
REVIEW
Vigdis Solhaug, Espen Molden
BACKGROUND: As pain is often a comorbid condition, many patients use opioid analgesics in combination with several other drugs. This implies a generally increased risk of drug interactions, which along with inherent pharmacogenetic variability and other factors may cause differences in therapeutic response of opioids. AIM: To provide an overview of interactions and pharmacogenetic variability of relevance for individual differences in effect and tolerability of opioid analgesics, which physicians and other healthcare professionals should be aware of in clinical practice...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054042/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-ship-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#20
REVIEW
Marit C I Lier, Romana F Malik, Johannes C F Ket, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic
Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum in Pregnancy (SHiP), an unprovoked (nontraumatic) intraperitoneal bleeding in pregnancy (up to 42days postpartum), is associated with serious adverse pregnancy outcomes. To evaluate the clinical consequences of SHiP and its association with endometriosis, a systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase.com and Thomson Reuters/Web of Science were searched for articles published since the latest review (August 2008) until September 2016. After assessment for eligibility, forty-four articles were included in this systematic review, describing 59 cases of SHiP...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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