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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727900/head-midline-position-for-preventing-the-occurrence-or-extension-of-germinal-matrix-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-preterm-infants
#2
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Maria Grazia Calevo, Matteo Bruschettini
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is known to constitute the major risk factor for development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH). Head position may affect cerebral hemodynamics and thus may be involved indirectly in development of GM-IVH. Turning the head toward one side may functionally occlude jugular venous drainage on the ipsilateral side while increasing intracranial pressure and cerebral blood volume. Thus, it has been suggested that cerebral venous pressure is reduced and hydrostatic brain drainage improved if the patient is in supine midline position with the bed tilted 30°...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727896/proseal-versus-classic-laryngeal-mask-airway-lma-for-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-adults-undergoing-elective-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Khalid Samad, Hameed Ullah
BACKGROUND: The development of supraglottic airway devices has revolutionized airway management during general anaesthesia. Two devices are widely used in clinical practice to facilitate positive pressure ventilation: the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA). It is not clear whether these devices have important clinical differences in terms of efficacy or complications. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic LMA (cLMA) for positive pressure ventilation in adults undergoing elective surgery...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727849/associations-between-pparg-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-essential-hypertension
#4
Gaojun Cai, Xinyong Zhang, Weijin Weng, Ganwei Shi, Sheliang Xue, Bifeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) plays an important role in the pathogenesis and maintenance of essential hypertension (EH). It has been suggested that polymorphisms of PPARG are associated with the risk of EH. However, findings to date remain controversial. To elucidate the associations between the PPARG Pro12Ala and C161T polymorphisms and EH risk, a meta-analysis was carried out. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, CNKI (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure), VIP and Wanfang databases was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727831/follicle-stimulating-hormone-is-an-accurate-predictor-of-azoospermia-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#5
Thomas W Kelsey, Lauren McConville, Angela B Edgar, Alex I Ungurianu, Rod T Mitchell, Richard A Anderson, W Hamish B Wallace
The accuracy of Follicle Stimulating Hormone as a predictor of azoospermia in adult survivors of childhood cancer is unclear, with conflicting results in the published literature. A systematic review and post hoc analysis of combined data (n = 367) were performed on all published studies containing extractable data on both serum Follicle Stimulating Hormone concentration and semen concentration in survivors of childhood cancer. PubMed and Medline databases were searched up to March 2017 by two blind investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727698/high-prevalence-of-neuropathic-pain-component-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-evidence-from-meta-analysis
#6
Kapil Gudala, Dipika Bansal, Rambabu Vatte, Babita Ghai, Fabrizio Schifano, Chandrasehkar Boya
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a complex syndrome which includes a nociceptive (NcP) component, a neuropathic (NeP) component, or a mixture of components (mixed pain). The NeP component (NePC) in LBP is defined as the presence of NeP with or without an NcP. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed at assessing the pooled prevalence of NePC in patients with LBP and at identifying the factors causing significant heterogeneity in reported prevalence. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#7
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727510/inclusion-of-children-with-disabilities-in-physical-education-a-systematic-review-of-literature-from-2009-to-2015
#9
Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen
This systematic review examines research published from 2009 to 2015 on inclusion of children with disabilities in physical education according to the PRISMA guidelines. We have used a stakeholder approach as a framework for organizing and discussing the results. The searches yielded 535 studies, of which 112 were included. The systematic review outlines which stakeholder perspectives received the most attention, the main themes and findings, the methodological trends that governed the research contribution, and the country of data collection...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727272/performance-of-clinical-prediction-rules-for-diagnosis-of-pleural-tuberculosis-in-a-high-incidence-setting
#10
Lely Solari, Alonso Soto, Patrick Van der Stuyft
OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (PT) is still a challenge, particularly in resource- constrained settings. Alternative diagnostic tools are needed. We aimed at evaluating the utility of Clinical Prediction Rules (CPRs) for diagnosis of Pleural Tuberculosis (PT) in Peru. METHODS: We identified CPRs for diagnosis of PT through a structured literature search. CPRs using high-complexity tests, as defined by the FDA, were excluded. We applied the identified CPRs to patients with pleural exudates attending two third-level hospitals in Lima, Peru, a setting with high incidence of tuberculosis...
July 20, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727184/early-warning-systems-and-rapid-response-to-the-deteriorating-patient-in-hospital-a-systematic-realist-review
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer McGaughey, Peter O'Halloran, Sam Porter, Bronagh Blackwood
AIM: To determine the Rapid Response System programme theory and investigate how the mechanisms of implementation and the characteristics of context combine to enable or constrain the implementation of Rapid Response Systems and the achievement of desired outcomes. BACKGROUND: Rapid Response Systems have been implemented internationally to improve the recognition and management of patient deterioration, reduce the need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and improve patient outcomes...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727135/the-role-of-metalloproteinases-in-endometrial-remodelling-during-menstrual-cycle
#12
Barbara Grzechocińska, Filip Dąbrowski, Anna Cyganek, Grzegorz Panek, Mirosław Wielgoś
Endometrium is the only tissue in the human body subject to cyclic transformations under the influence of ovarian steroid hormones. As estradiol and progesterone balance throughout the physiological menstrual cycle changes, so does the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs). These endopeptides are responsible for keeping the balance between the process of synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix proteins. Thus, MMP's take part in sustaining physiological stability of the endometrium. A number of MMPs found in the endometrial tissue and their activity is related to menstrual cycle phase...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726736/protozoadb-2-0-a-trypanosoma-brucei-case-study
#13
Rodrigo Jardim, Diogo Tschoeke, Alberto M R Da Vila
Over the last decade new species of Protozoa have been sequenced and deposited in GenBank. Analyzing large amounts of genomic data, especially using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), is not a trivial task, considering that researchers used to deal or focus their studies on few genes or gene families or even small genomes. To facilitate the information extraction process from genomic data, we developed a database system called ProtozoaDB that included five genomes of Protozoa in its first version. In the present study, we present a new version of ProtozoaDB called ProtozoaDB 2...
July 20, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726361/risk-of-spontaneous-fungal-peritonitis-sfp-in-hospitalized-cirrhotic-patients-with-ascites-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-and-meta-analysis
#14
Marco Fiore, Paolo Chiodini, Vincenzo Pota, Pasquale Sansone, Maria B Passavanti, Sebastiano Leone, Caterina Aurilio, Maria C Pace
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous Fungal Peritonitis (SFP) is an infection of ascitic fluid occurring in cirrhotic patients. SFP prevalence varies from 0 to 41% of patients with spontaneous peritonitis (SP) and a positive ascitic fluid culture. Cirrhotic patients with SFP who fail to show improvement with empirical antibiotic therapy, before the identification of the fungal pathogen, have high mortality (89.5-100%). Although the weight of the disease is so dramatic, more recent guidelines on infections in cirrhosis do not consider SFP management...
July 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726344/barriers-to-using-electronic-evidence-based-literature-in-nursing-practice-a-systematised-review
#15
REVIEW
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Tania Azadi, Tannaz Azadi
BACKGROUND: Nurses' use of electronic literature has remained limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify barriers concerning application of electronic literature on evidence based practice in nursing. METHODS: Six bibliographic databases were searched using the following keywords: challenges, barriers, obstacles, evidence based practice, EBP, information seeking, online databases, electronic literature, bibliographic databases and nurs*...
July 20, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726308/the-collateral-venous-system-in-late-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Aimee Humphries, Peter Stone, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Recent literature has reported an association between maternal supine sleep position and stillbirth during late pregnancy. In this position the gravid uterus almost completely obstructs the inferior vena cava. A small number of women experience supine hypotension, thought to be due in part to inadequate collateral venous circulation. The aim of this paper is to review the literature describing the anatomy of the collateral venous system and in particular the azygos system, the abdominal portion of which has not been well studied...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726261/origin-and-prevalence-of-the-accessory-phrenic-nerve-a-meta-analysis-and-clinical-appraisal
#17
REVIEW
Matthew J Graves, Brandon Michael Henry, Wan Chin Hsieh, Beatrice Sanna, Przemysław A Pękala, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
INTRODUCTION: The Accessory Phrenic Nerve (APN) is a common anatomical variant with differing reports of prevalence in the literature. It can be injured during operative procedures to the neck and thorax or by regional anesthetic techniques in its vicinity. Our aim was to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the prevalence and origins of the APN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, BIOSIS, SciELO, and Web of Science were searched comprehensively, followed by assessment of eligibility and extraction of data concerning the APN...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726120/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detection-of-parametrial-invasion-in-cervical-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature-between-2012-and-2016
#18
Sungmin Woo, Chong Hyun Suh, Sang Youn Kim, Jeong Yeon Cho, Seung Hyup Kim
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnostic performance of MRI for detection of parametrial invasion (PMI) in cervical cancer patients. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for studies providing diagnostic performance of MRI for detecting PMI in patients with cervical cancer. Studies published between 2012 and 2016 using surgico-pathological results as reference standard were included. Study quality was evaluated using QUADAS-2. Sensitivity and specificity of all studies were calculated...
July 19, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725920/pre-papillary-vitreous-opacities-associated-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Lindsay A Grotting, Samaneh Davoudi, Eduardo Uchiyama, Ann-Marie Lobo, George N Papaliodis, Lucia Sobrin
PURPOSE: To present pre-papillary vitreous opacity as an uncommon manifestation of inflammation in Behçet's disease that may be specific to this uveitic entity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 67 patients with Behçet's disease examined at our clinic between 2005 and 2016. Behçet's disease was diagnosed based on established clinical criteria of inflammation involving the eyes, mucocutaneous junctions, and skin. Patients with Behçet's disease who presented with papillitis and a pre-papillary vitreous opacity were identified...
July 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725611/robot-assisted-microsurgery-for-chronic-orchialgia
#20
REVIEW
Parviz Kavoussi, Nahomy Calixte, Jamin Brahmbhatt, Sijo Parekattil
Chronic orchialgia is one of the most common complaints seen in the urologists office and has traditionally been considered a very difficult diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the clinician. First line management of chronic orchialgia is conservative treatment; however, in men who fail conservative therapy, surgical intervention may be indicated. Microsurgery has been the mainstay for surgical treatment of chronic orchialgia, but the implementation of robotics to microsurgery lends itself particularly to surgical treatment of chronic orchialgia...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
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