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Cancer cells AND Lactic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429764/fabrication-characterization-and-biological-evaluation-of-anti-her2-indocyanine-green-doxorubicin-encapsulated-peg-b-plga-copolymeric-nanoparticles-for-targeted-photochemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-cells
#1
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Da-Sheng Chang
In this study, we aimed to develop anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) indocyanine green (ICG)-doxorubicin (DOX)-encapsulated polyethylene glycol-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) diblock copolymeric nanoparticles (HIDPPNPs) to explore the co-administration of phototherapy and chemotherapy for HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, a highly aggressive and medicine-resistant breast carcinoma. The HIDPPNPs were fabricated using a solvent evaporation technique followed by carbodiimide-mediated antibody conjugation on the nanoparticle surface...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417924/novel-nano-therapeutic-approach-actively-targets-human-ovarian-cancer-stem-cells-after-xenograft-into-nude-mice
#2
Amoura Abou-ElNaga, Ghada Mutawa, Ibrahim M El-Sherbiny, Hassan Abd-ElGhaffar, Ahmed A Allam, Jamaan Ajarem, Shaker A Mousa
The power of tumorigenesis, chemo-resistance and metastasis in malignant ovarian tumors resides in a tiny population of cancer cells known as ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs). Developing nano-therapeutic targeting of OCSCs is considered a great challenge. The potential use of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) was investigated as a drug delivery system for paclitaxel (PTX) against OCSCs in vitro and in vivo. PTX-loaded PLGA NPs were prepared by an emulsion solvent evaporation method, supported by incorporation of folic acid (FA) as the ligand...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417445/chemopreventive-efficacy-of-curcumin-loaded-plga-microparticles-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-her-2-positive-breast-cancer
#3
Alex E Grill, Komal Shahani, Brenda Koniar, Jayanth Panyam
Curcumin has shown promising inhibitory activity against HER-2-positive tumor cells in vitro but suffers from poor oral bioavailability in vivo. Our lab has previously developed a polymeric microparticle formulation for sustained delivery of curcumin for chemoprevention. The goal of this study was to examine the anticancer efficacy of curcumin-loaded polymeric microparticles in a transgenic mouse model of HER-2 cancer, Balb-neuT. Microparticles were injected monthly, and mice were examined for tumor appearance and growth...
April 17, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414284/-antineoplastic-mechanisms-of-niclosamide-loaded-nanoparticles-in-human-colorectal-cancer-cells
#4
A S Zhirnik, Y P Semochkina, E Yu Moskaleva, N I Krylov, I A Tubasheva, S L Kuznetsov, E A Vorontsov
Using poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid we developed a polymeric form of niclosamide (PFN) and investigated molecular mechanisms underlying its antitumor activity against human colorectal cancer cell lines (SW837, Caco-2, COLO 320 HSR). PFN was shown to be more cytotoxic against cancer cells and less cytotoxic against normal cells (human embryonic lung fibroblasts) as compared to niclosamide. Both niclosamide and its polymeric form caused mitochondrial damage (evaluated as a decrease in rhodamine 123 accumulation) and increased the levels of reactive oxygen species, particularly mitochondrial superoxide, resulting in the oxidative damage to biomolecules...
March 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412238/chitosan-modified-plga-nanoparticles-tagged-with-5tr1-aptamer-for-in-vivo-tumor-targeted-drug-delivery
#5
Sahar Taghavi, Mohammad Ramezani, Mona Alibolandi, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
In this study, we reported epirubicin (Epi) encapsulated nanoparticles (NPs) formulated with biocompatible and biodegradable poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) modified with chitosan (CS) through a physical adsorption method. Using chitosan, the solubility and surface charge of PLGA was modified to make efficient drug carriers for cancer cells. To improve the anti-tumor efficacy, we developed targeted therapy of tumor cells using a 5TR1 DNA aptamer (Apt) against the MUC1 receptor. To prove the MUC1 receptor-mediated uptake of Epi-PLGA-CS-Apt NPs in the cells, competition experiments were carried out...
April 12, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407579/plga-peg-nano-delivery-system-for-epigenetic-therapy
#6
Asia Naz, Yi Cui, Christopher J Collins, David H Thompson, Joseph Irudayaraj
Efficient delivery of cytidine analogues such as Azacitidine (AZA) into solid tumors constitutes a primary challenge in epigenetic therapies. We developed a di-block nano-vector based on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) for stabilization of the conjugated AZA under physiological conditions. With equimolar drug content, our nano-conjugate could elicit a better anti-proliferative effect over free drug in breast cancer both in vitro and in vivo, through reactivation of p21 and BRCA1 to restrict cell proliferation...
April 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406434/preventive-effects-of-heat-killed-enterococcus-faecalis-strain-ec-12-on-mouse-intestinal-tumor-development
#7
Shingo Miyamoto, Masami Komiya, Gen Fujii, Takahiro Hamoya, Ruri Nakanishi, Kyoko Fujimoto, Shuya Tamura, Yurie Kurokawa, Maiko Takahashi, Tetsuo Ijichi, Michihiro Mutoh
Establishing effective methods for preventing colorectal cancer by so-called "functional foods" is important because the global burden of colorectal cancer is increasing. Enterococcus faecalis strain EC-12 (EC-12), which belongs to the family of lactic acid bacteria, has been shown to exert pleiotropic effects, such as anti-allergy and anti-infectious effects, on mammalian cells. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of heat-killed EC-12 on intestinal carcinogenesis. We fed 5-week-old male and female Apc mutant Min mice diets containing 50 or 100 ppm heat-killed EC-12 for 8 weeks...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370718/m2-like-macrophage-polarization-in-high-lactic-acid-producing-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
Toshimitsu Ohashi, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Hiroyuki Tomita, Takashi Akazawa, Katsuya Sato, Bunya Kuze, Keisuke Mizuta, Akira Hara, Hitoshi Nagaoka, Norimitsu Inoue, Yatsuji Ito
Reprogramming of glucose metabolism in tumor cells is referred to as the Warburg effect and results in increased lactic acid secretion into the tumor microenvironment. We have previously shown that lactic acid has important roles as a proinflammatory and immunosuppressive mediator and promotes tumor progression. In this study, we examined the relationship between the lactic acid concentration and expression of lactate dehydrogenase-A (LDHA) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1), which are related to the Warburg effect, in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)...
April 1, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368124/development-of-surface-variable-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-drug-delivery-to-tumors
#9
Ning Han, Liang Pang, Jun Xu, Hyesun Hyun, Jinho Park, Yoon Yeo
To develop nanoparticle drug carriers that interact with cells specifically in the mildly acidic tumor microenvironment, we produced polymeric nanoparticles modified with amidated TAT peptide via a simple surface modification method. Two types of core poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (NL and NP) were prepared with a phospholipid shell as an optional feature and covered with polydopamine that enabled the conjugation of TAT peptide on the surface. Subsequent treatment with acid anhydrides such as cis-aconitic anhydride (CA) and succinic anhydride (SA) converted amines of lysine residues in TAT peptide to β-carboxylic amides, introducing carboxylic groups that undergo pH-dependent protonation and deprotonation...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360520/human-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-membrane-camouflaged-nanoparticles-combined-with-low-dose-irradiation-a-new-approach-to-enhance-drug-targeting-in-gastric-cancer
#10
Lianru Zhang, Rutian Li, Hong Chen, Jia Wei, Hanqing Qian, Shu Su, Jie Shao, Lifeng Wang, Xiaoping Qian, Baorui Liu
Cell membrane-derived nanoparticles are becoming more attractive because of their ability to mimic many features of their source cells. This study reports on a biomimetic delivery platform based on human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte membranes. In this system, the surface of poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles was camouflaged using T-lymphocyte membranes, and local low-dose irradiation (LDI) was used as a chemoattractant for nanoparticle targeting. The T-lymphocyte membrane coating was verified using dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347775/thermo-and-ph-responsive-nano-in-micro-particles-for-combinatorial-drug-delivery-to-cancer-cells
#11
André F Moreira, Diana R Dias, Elisabete C Costa, Ilídio J Correia
Drug combinatorial therapy has been gaining the scientific community attention as a suitable approach to increase treatments efficacy and promote cancer eradication. In this study, a new pH- and thermo- responsive carrier was developed by combining doxorubicin-loaded gold-core silica shell nanorods with salicylic acid loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) based microparticles (NIMPS). The obtained results showed that the drugs and nanorods release could be triggered by the near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation or by the exposition to an acidic environment...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344470/prolonged-exposure-of-colon-cancer-cells-to-5-fluorouracil-nanoparticles-improves-its-anticancer-activity
#12
Essam Tawfik, Maqusood Ahamed, Abdulaziz Almalik, Mohammad Alfaqeeh, Aws Alshamsan
In this study, we aimed to improve the anticancer effect of 5-FU on human colon cancer cell lines by incorporating in poly(d,l lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs). The 5-FU-PLGA NPs were prepared by nanoprecipitation technique. Prepared NPs were moderately dispersed with an average diameter of 133 ± 25.19 nm. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images revealed spherical structures with subtle surface irregularity. Free 5-FU dose-response curves were constructed (12.5-2000 μM) using MTT assay on HCT 116 and HT-29 cell lines for 1, 3, and 5 days...
February 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314283/stable-shrna-silencing-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-a-ldha-in-human-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-fails-to-alter-lactic-acid-production-glycolytic-activity-atp-or-survival
#13
Nzinga Mack, Elizabeth A Mazzio, David Bauer, Hernan Flores-Rozas, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: In the US, African Americans have a high death rate from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), characterized by lack of hormone receptors (ER, PR, HER2/ERRB2) which are otherwise valuable targets of chemotherapy. There is a need to identify novel targets that negatively impact TNBC tumorigenesis. TNBCs release an abundance of lactic acid, under normoxic, hypoxic and hyperoxic conditions; this referred to as the Warburg effect. Accumulated lactic acid sustains peri-cellular acidity which propels metastatic invasion and malignant aggressive transformation...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280328/gambogic-acid-loaded-biomimetic-nanoparticles-in-colorectal-cancer-treatment
#14
Zhen Zhang, Hanqing Qian, Mi Yang, Rutian Li, Jing Hu, Li Li, Lixia Yu, Baorui Liu, Xiaoping Qian
Gambogic acid (GA) is expected to be a potential new antitumor drug, but its poor aqueous solubility and inevitable side effects limit its clinical application. Despite these inhe rent defects, various nanocarriers can be used to promote the solubility and tumor targeting of GA, improving antitumor efficiency. In addition, a cell membrane-coated nanoparticle platform that was reported recently, unites the customizability and flexibility of a synthetic copolymer, as well as the functionality and complexity of natural membrane, and is a new synthetic biomimetic nanocarrier with improved stability and biocompatibility...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266029/decorin-loaded-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanoparticles-modified-by-anti-alpha-fetoprotein-antibody-preparation-proliferation-inhibition-and-induced-apoptosis-effects-on-hepg2-cells-in-vitro
#15
Qiaoli Yang, Shuyue Wang, Yuan Wang, Yane Qu, Jun Xue, Yang Mi, Yanhong Wang, Xuguang Luo, Zhihua Deng, Guiqin Wang
OBJECTIVES: Decorin (DCN) is a negative regulatory factor for the growth of cancer cells and can inhibit the proliferation, metastasis of cancer cells and angiogenesis in cancer tissues. The aims of this study were to prepare the nanoparticles consisting of DCN and poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) modified by anti-alpha fetoprotein (AFP) monoclonal antibody (mAb) and to examine the conventional physical properties, the in-vitro release of DCN and the targeting effect of these nanoparticles on HepG2 cells...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262671/laser-irradiated-fluorescent-perfluorocarbon-microparticles-in-2-d-and-3-d-breast-cancer-cell-models
#16
Chengcheng Niu, Long Wang, Zhigang Wang, Yan Xu, Yihe Hu, Qinghai Peng
Perfluorocarbon (PFC) droplets were studied as new generation ultrasound contrast agents via acoustic or optical droplet vaporization (ADV or ODV). Little is known about the ODV irradiated vaporization mechanisms of PFC-microparticle complexs and the stability of the new bubbles produced. In this study, fluorescent perfluorohexane (PFH) poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) particles were used as a model to study the process of particle vaporization and bubble stability following excitation in two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) cell models...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256649/hyaluronic-acid-functionalized-electrospun-plga-nanofibers-embedded-in-a-microfluidic-chip-for-cancer-cell-capture-and-culture
#17
Gangwei Xu, Yulong Tan, Tiegang Xu, Di Yin, Mengyuan Wang, Mingwu Shen, Xiaofeng Chen, Xiangyang Shi, Xiaoyue Zhu
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are important markers of metastatic cancer. The isolation and detection of CTCs from peripheral blood provides valuable information for cancer diagnosis and precision medicine. However, cost-efficient targeted separation of CTCs of different origins with clinically significant specificity and efficiency remains a major challenge. In this study, a facile approach was developed to fabricate a thin sheet of hyaluronic acid (HA)-functionalized PLGA nanofibrous membrane and integrate it into a microfluidic chamber...
March 3, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251512/preservation-of-anticancer-and-immunosuppressive-properties-of-rapamycin-achieved-through-controlled-releasing-particles
#18
Yan Liang Fan, Han Wei Hou, Hui Min Tay, Wei Mei Guo, Per-Olof Berggren, Say Chye Joachim Loo
Rapamycin is commonly used in chemotherapy and posttransplantation rejection suppression, where sustained release is preferred. Conventionally, rapamycin has to be administered in excess due to its poor solubility, and this often leads to cytotoxicity and undesirable side effects. In addition, rapamycin has been shown to be hydrolytically unstable, losing its bioactivity within a few hours. The use of drug delivery systems is hypothesized to preserve the bioactivity of rapamycin, while providing controlled release of this otherwise potent drug...
March 1, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243091/targeted-delivery-of-paclitaxel-and-doxorubicin-to-cancer-xenografts-via-the-nanoparticle-of-nano-diamino-tetrac
#19
Thangirala Sudha, Dhruba J Bharali, Murat Yalcin, Noureldien He Darwish, Melis Debreli Coskun, Kelly A Keating, Hung-Yun Lin, Paul J Davis, Shaker A Mousa
The tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) component of nano-diamino-tetrac (NDAT) is chemically bonded via a linker to a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticle that can encapsulate anticancer drugs. Tetrac targets the plasma membrane of cancer cells at a receptor on the extracellular domain of integrin αvβ3. In this study, we evaluate the efficiency of NDAT delivery of paclitaxel and doxorubicin to, respectively, pancreatic and breast cancer orthotopic nude mouse xenografts. Intra-tumoral drug concentrations were 5-fold (paclitaxel; P<0...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236188/co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-encapsulated-plga-nanoparticles-and-bcl-xl-shrna-using-alkyl-modified-pei-into-breast-cancer-cells
#20
Mahboubeh Ebrahimian, Sahar Taghavi, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Mohammad Ramezani, Maryam Hashemi
In recent years, much effort has been focused on an appropriate combination of chemotherapeutic drugs and nucleic acids to exploit additive or synergistic therapeutic effects and overcome many obstacles such as the reduction of side effects and drug resistance. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) has designed to allow the production of small interfering RNA (siRNA) within the cells and offer long-lasting silencing of target genes. In this study, alkyl-modified polyethylenimine (PEI 10 kD) was used for co-delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) encapsulated into poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) and Bcl-xL shRNA (one class of molecules that block apoptosis of tumor cells) into breast cancer cells...
February 24, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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