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Cancer cells AND Lactic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306548/disrupting-the-warburg-effect-re-routes-cancer-cells-to-oxphos-offering-a-vulnerability-point-via-ferroptosis-induced-cell-death
#1
REVIEW
Maša Ždralević, Milica Vučetić, Boutaina Daher, Ibtissam Marchiq, Scott K Parks, Jacques Pouysségur
The evolution of life from extreme hypoxic environments to an oxygen-rich atmosphere has progressively selected for successful metabolic, enzymatic and bioenergetic networks through which a myriad of organisms survive the most extreme environmental conditions. From the two lethal environments anoxia/high O2, cells have developed survival strategies through expression of the transcriptional factors ATF4, HIF1 and NRF2. Cancer cells largely exploit these factors to thrive and resist therapies. In this review, we report and discuss the potential therapeutic benefit of disrupting the major Myc/Hypoxia-induced metabolic pathway, also known as fermentative glycolysis or "Warburg effect", in aggressive cancer cell lines...
December 28, 2017: Advances in Biological Regulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301415/ph-sensitive-polymeric-nanoparticles-of-mpeg-plga-pglu-with-hybrid-core-for-simultaneous-encapsulation-of-curcumin-and-doxorubicin-to-kill-the-heterogeneous-tumour-cells-in-breast-cancer
#2
Jian-Dong Yuan, De-Li ZhuGe, Meng-Qi Tong, Meng-Ting Lin, Xia-Fang Xu, Xing Tang, Ying-Zheng Zhao, He-Lin Xu
Most breast tumours are heterogeneous and not only contain the bulk of differentiated tumour cells but also a small population of highly tumorigenic and intrinsically drug-resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs). Herein, a pH-sensitive nanoparticle with simultaneous encapsulation of curcumin and doxorubicin (CURDOX-NPs) was prepared by using monomethoxy (polyethylene glycol)-b-P (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-b-P (L-glutamic acid) polymer to simultaneously target the differentiated tumor cells and CSCs. CURDOX-NPs had a mean diameter of 107...
January 4, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298541/chitosan-poly-lactic-acid-coated-piceatannol-nanoparticles-exert-an-in-vitro-apoptosis-activity-on-liver-lung-and-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#3
Jeevitha Dhanapal, Malathy Balaraman Ravindrran
The aim of the study was to synthesize nanoparticles (NPs) with chitosan (CS), and poly (lactic acid) (PLA) as a carrier for the drug piceatannol (PIC). The synthesized nanoparticles form the composite of polymeric-drug nanoparticles (CS/PLA-PIC NPs) by dropping method. The preliminary and stability studies were determined for the polymers drug-loading capacity and encapsulation efficiencies. The in vitro drug release study showed that NPs provided a continuous release of the entrapped PIC. The NPs found to be a good scavenger for DPPH, SOD and NO radicals...
January 3, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286387/establishment-of-an-extracellular-acidic-ph-culture-system
#4
Ayano Kondo, Tsuyoshi Osawa
Conditions of the tumor microenvironment, such as hypoxia or nutrient starvation, play critical roles in cancer progression and malignancy. However, the role of acidic extracellular pH in tumor aggressiveness and its underlying mechanism has not been extensively studied compared to hypoxic or nutrient starvation conditions. In addition, a well-defined culture method to mimic the acidic extracellular tumor microenvironment has not been fully reported. Here we present a simple in vitro culture method to maintain acidic extracellular pH using reduced bicarbonate and increased lactate or HCl concentrations in the culture medium...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246289/anti-tumor-activity-of-minipeg-%C3%AE-modified-pnas-to-inhibit-microrna-210-for-cancer-therapy
#5
Anisha Gupta, Elias Quijano, Yanfeng Liu, Raman Bahal, Susan E Scanlon, Eric Song, Wei-Che Hsieh, Demetrios E Braddock, Danith H Ly, W Mark Saltzman, Peter M Glazer
MicroRNAs (miRs) are frequently overexpressed in human cancers. In particular, miR-210 is induced in hypoxic cells and acts to orchestrate the adaptation of tumor cells to hypoxia. Silencing oncogenic miRs such as miR-210 may therefore offer a promising approach to anticancer therapy. We have developed a miR-210 inhibition strategy based on a new class of conformationally preorganized antisense γ peptide nucleic acids (γPNAs) that possess vastly superior RNA-binding affinity, improved solubility, and favorable biocompatibility...
December 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232107/2d-material-based-nanofibrous-membrane-for-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#6
Jundong Shao, Hanhan Xie, Huaiyu Wang, Wenhua Zhou, Qian Luo, Xue-Feng Yu, Paul K Chu
One of the clinical challenges facing photothermal cancer therapy is health risks imposed by the photothermal nanoagents in vivo. Herein, a photothermal therapy (PTT) platform composed of 2D material-based nanofibrous membrane as the agent to deliver thermal energy to tumors under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation is described. The photothermal membrane, which is fabricated by electrospinning poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibrous membrane loaded with bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) nanoplates, exhibits very high photothermal conversion efficiency and long-term stability...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231608/-influence-of-electroacupuncture-pretreatment-on-intestinal-function-in-the-patients-of-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#7
Sicong Mai, Jinhai Meng, Wenjuan Wang, Shuhui Lang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the intestinal function, inflammatory reaction and blood lactic acid in the patients of colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients of colorectal cancer laparotomy at selective period, aged from 18 to 59 years old were selected. According toⅠ-Ⅲ grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), the patients were randomized into group A (total intravenous anesthesia), group B[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side] and group C[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side], 20 cases in each one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225473/the-combination-therapy-of-salinomycin-and-gefitinib-using-poly-d-l-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-poly-ethylene-glycol-nanoparticles-for-targeting-both-lung-cancer-stem-cells-and-cancer-cells
#8
Yu Zhang, Qi Zhang, Jing Sun, Huijie Liu, Qingfeng Li
Purpose: Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Evidences suggest that both LC cancer stem cells (CSCs) and cancer cells are supposed to be eliminated to achieve superior treatment effect against LC. Salinomycin could eradiate CSCs in various types of cancers, and gefitinib is a first-line therapy in LC. The purpose of the present study was to develop salinomycin-loaded nanoparticles (salinomycin-NPs) combined with gefitinib-loaded nanoparticles (gefitinib-NPs) to eradicate both LC CSCs and cancer cells...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211453/biodegradable-polymer-nanoparticles-for-photodynamic-therapy-by-bioluminescence-resonance-energy-transfer
#9
Yingkun Yang, Weiying Hou, Siyang Liu, Kai Sun, Minyong Li, Changfeng Wu
Conventional photodynamic therapy is severely constrained by the limited light-penetration depth in tissue. Here, we show efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) that overcomes the light-penetration limitation. A photosensitizer Rose Bengal (RB) was loaded in biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles, which were then conjugated with firefly luciferase. Spectroscopic characterizations indicated that BRET effectively activated RB to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
December 6, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201078/anticancer-activity-of-curcumin-loaded-plga-nanoparticles-on-pc3-prostate-cancer-cells
#10
Seyed Saeed Azandeh, Mohammadreza Abbaspour, Ali Khodadadi, Layasadat Khorsandi, Mahmoud Orazizadeh, Abbas Heidari-Moghadam
Curcumin (Cur) has been found to be very efficacious against many different types of cancer cells. However, the major disadvantage associated with the use of Cur is its low systemic bioavailability. Our present work investigated the toxic effect of encapsulation of Cur in PLGA (poly lactic-coglycolic acid) nanospheres (NCur) on PC3 human cancer prostate cell. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of NCur on growth, autophagia, and apoptosis in PC3 cells, respectively, by MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, and Flow cytometry...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170140/a-novel-controlled-release-formulation-of-the-pin1-inhibitor-atra-to-improve-liver-cancer-therapy-by-simultaneously-blocking-multiple-cancer-pathways
#11
Dayun Yang, Wensong Luo, Jichuang Wang, Min Zheng, Xin-Hua Liao, Nan Zhang, Wenxian Lu, Long Wang, Ai-Zheng Chen, Wen-Guo Wu, Hekun Liu, Shi-Bin Wang, Xiao Zhen Zhou, Kun Ping Lu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide largely due to lack of effective targeted drugs to simultaneously block multiple cancer-driving pathways. The identification of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) as a potent Pin1 inhibitor provides a promising candidate for HCC targeted therapy because Pin1 is overexpressed in most HCC and activates numerous cancer-driving pathways. However, the efficacy of ATRA against solid tumors is limited due to its short half-life of 45min in humans...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170116/in-vivo-controlled-release-of-fenretinide-from-long-acting-release-depots-for-chemoprevention-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-recurrence
#12
Kari Nieto, Ping Pei, Daren Wang, Susan R Mallery, Steven P Schwendeman
Local, long-acting release fenretinide (4HPR) millicylindrical implants were prepared and evaluated for their release kinetics in vivo and their ability to suppress oral cancer tumor explant growth. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)(PLGA) implants were prepared as a function of drug loading and the presence of various excipients (pore-formers, solubilizers, crystallization inhibitors) to enhance release of the insoluble 4HPR. Release kinetics and bioerosion of PLGA were monitored both in vitro in a PBS/Tween 80 buffer and in vivo by recovery of the drug remaining at the injection site...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165072/mpeg-pla-micelle-for-delivery-of-effective-parts-of-andrographis-paniculata
#13
Hailu Yao, Shiyong Song, Xiaolu Miao, Xiao Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiaoting Shao, Yu Zhang, Guang Han
Many studies have shown that Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees has a good anti-tumor effect, but poor solubility in water and poor bioavailability hinder the modernization of it. To formulate the effective parts (mainly diterpene lactones) of Andrographis paniculata (AEP) into targeting drug delivery system, a series of poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D.L-lactic acid)(mPEG-PLA) with different ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic segment were synthetized to encapsulate AEP. AEP micelles were prepared by a simple solvent-evaporation method...
November 19, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163489/ameliorating-amyloid-%C3%AE-fibrils-triggered-inflammation-via-curcumin-loaded-polymeric-nanoconstructs
#14
Andrea Ameruoso, Roberto Palomba, Anna Lisa Palange, Antonio Cervadoro, Aeju Lee, Daniele Di Mascolo, Paolo Decuzzi
Inflammation is a common hallmark in several diseases, including atherosclerosis, cancer, obesity, and neurodegeneration. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), growing evidence directly correlates neuronal damage with inflammation of myeloid brain cells, such as microglia. Here, polymeric nanoparticles were engineered and characterized for the delivery of anti-inflammatory molecules to macrophages stimulated via direct incubation with amyloid-β fibers. 200 nm spherical polymeric nanoconstructs (SPNs) and 1,000 nm discoidal polymeric nanoconstructs (DPNs) were synthesized using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and lipid chains as building blocks...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158830/sustained-release-talazoparib-implants-for-localized-treatment-of-brca1-deficient-breast-cancer
#15
Jodi E Belz, Rajiv Kumar, Paige Baldwin, Noelle Castilla Ojo, Ana S Leal, Darlene B Royce, Di Zhang, Anne L van de Ven, Karen T Liby, Srinivas Sridhar
Talazoparib, a potent PARP inhibitor, has shown promising clinical and pre-clinical activity by inducing synthetic lethality in cancers with germline Brca1/2 mutations. Conventional oral delivery of Talazoparib is associated with significant off-target effects, therefore we sought to develop new delivery systems in the form of an implant loaded with Talazoparib for localized, slow and sustained release of the drug at the tumor site in Brca1-deficient breast cancer. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) implants (0...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157965/polymer-based-nanoparticles-loaded-with-a-tlr7-ligand-to-target-the-lymph-node-for-immunostimulation
#16
Jérôme Widmer, Cédric Thauvin, Inès Mottas, Van N'guyen, Florence Delie, Eric Allémann, Carole Bourquin
Small-molecule agonists for the Toll-like receptors (TLR) 7 and 8 are effective for the immunotherapy of skin cancer when used as topical agents. Their systemic use has however been largely unsuccessful due to dose-limiting toxicity. We propose a polymer-based nanodelivery system to target resiquimod, a TLR7 ligand, to the lymph node in order to focus the immunostimulatory activity and to prevent a generalized inflammatory response. We demonstrate successful encapsulation of resiquimod in methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(DL-lactic acid) (mPEG-PLA) and mixed poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/mPEG-PLA nanoparticles...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155336/evaluation-of-the-combined-effect-of-nir-laser-and-ionizing-radiation-on-cellular-damages-induced-by-iudr-loaded-plga-coated-nano-graphene-oxide
#17
Samira Kargar, Samideh Khoei, Sepideh Khoee, Sakine Shirvalilou, Seied Rabi Mahdavi
Glioma is one of the most common malignant cancers of the central nervous system (CNS). Radiatherapy and chemotherapy may be used to slow the growth of tumors that cannot be removed with surgery. The current study developed a combination therapy tool using Nanographene oxide (NGO) functionalized with poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) as a carrier of 5-iodo-2-deoxyuridine (IUdR) for glioma cancer treatment. U87MG cells were treated in different groups with IUdR, PLGA-coated Nanographene oxide (PLGA-NGO), IUdR-loaded PLGA-coated Nanographene oxide (IUdR-PLGA-NGO), 2Gy 6MV X-ray radiation, and near-infrared region (NIR) laser radiation...
November 16, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152106/disrupting-glucose-6-phosphate-isomerase-fully-suppresses-the-warburg-effect-and-activates-oxphos-with-minimal-impact-on-tumor-growth-except-in-hypoxia
#18
Monique Cunha de Padua, Giulia Delodi, Milica Vučetić, Jérôme Durivault, Valérie Vial, Pascale Bayer, Guilhermina Rodrigues Noleto, Nathalie M Mazure, Maša Ždralević, Jacques Pouysségur
As Otto Warburg first observed, cancer cells largely favor fermentative glycolysis for growth even under aerobic conditions. This energy paradox also extends to rapidly growing normal cells indicating that glycolysis is optimal for fast growth and biomass production. Here we further explored this concept by genetic ablation of fermentative glycolysis in two fast growing cancer cell lines: human colon adenocarcinoma LS174T and B16 mouse melanoma. We disrupted the upstream glycolytic enzyme, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI), to allow cells to re-route glucose-6-phosphate flux into the pentose-phosphate branch...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137232/integration-of-metabolomics-transcriptomics-and-microrna-expression-profiling-reveals-a-mir-143-hk2-glucose-network-underlying-zinc-deficiency-associated-esophageal-neoplasia
#19
Louise Y Fong, Ruiyan Jing, Karl J Smalley, Cristian Taccioli, Johannes Fahrmann, Dinesh K Barupal, Hansjuerg Alder, John L Farber, Oliver Fiehn, Carlo M Croce
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in humans is a deadly disease associated with dietary zinc (Zn)-deficiency. In the rat esophagus, Zn-deficiency induces cell proliferation, alters mRNA and microRNA gene expression, and promotes ESCC. We investigated whether Zn-deficiency alters cell metabolism by evaluating metabolomic profiles of esophageal epithelia from Zn-deficient and replenished rats vs sufficient rats, using untargeted gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (n = 8/group). The Zn-deficient proliferative esophagus exhibits a distinct metabolic profile with glucose down 153-fold and lactic acid up 1...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115645/combined-18f-fdg%C3%A2-pet-ct-imaging-and-a-gastric-orthotopic-xenograft-model-in-nude-mice-are-used-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-glycolysis-targeted-therapy
#20
Ting-An Wang, Shu-Lin Xian, Xing-Yu Guo, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Yun-Fei Lu
As discovered by Warburg 80 years ago most malignant cells rely more on glycolysis than normal cells. The high rate of glycolysis provides faster ATP production and greater lactic acid for tumor proliferation and invasion, thus indicating a potential target in anticancer therapy. Our previous studies demonstrated that 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) and sodium citrate (SCT) inhibited tumor cell proliferation in vitro. However, the underlying mechanisms still warrant further investigation. In the present study, we employed the human SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell line, built an orthotopic xenograft model in nude mice, examined the treatment response by 18F-FDG PET/CT and investigated the mechanisms of 3-BrPA and SCT in vivo...
October 31, 2017: Oncology Reports
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