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Cancer cells AND Lactic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137232/integration-of-metabolomics-transcriptomics-and-microrna-expression-profiling-reveals-a-mir-143-hk2-glucose-network-underlying-zinc-deficiency-associated-esophageal-neoplasia
#1
Louise Y Fong, Ruiyan Jing, Karl J Smalley, Cristian Taccioli, Johannes Fahrmann, Dinesh K Barupal, Hansjuerg Alder, John L Farber, Oliver Fiehn, Carlo M Croce
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in humans is a deadly disease associated with dietary zinc (Zn)-deficiency. In the rat esophagus, Zn-deficiency induces cell proliferation, alters mRNA and microRNA gene expression, and promotes ESCC. We investigated whether Zn-deficiency alters cell metabolism by evaluating metabolomic profiles of esophageal epithelia from Zn-deficient and replenished rats vs sufficient rats, using untargeted gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (n = 8/group). The Zn-deficient proliferative esophagus exhibits a distinct metabolic profile with glucose down 153-fold and lactic acid up 1...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115645/combined-18f-fdg%C3%A2-pet-ct-imaging-and-a-gastric-orthotopic-xenograft-model-in-nude-mice-are-used-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-glycolysis-targeted-therapy
#2
Ting-An Wang, Shu-Lin Xian, Xing-Yu Guo, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Yun-Fei Lu
As discovered by Warburg 80 years ago most malignant cells rely more on glycolysis than normal cells. The high rate of glycolysis provides faster ATP production and greater lactic acid for tumor proliferation and invasion, thus indicating a potential target in anticancer therapy. Our previous studies demonstrated that 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) and sodium citrate (SCT) inhibited tumor cell proliferation in vitro. However, the underlying mechanisms still warrant further investigation. In the present study, we employed the human SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell line, built an orthotopic xenograft model in nude mice, examined the treatment response by 18F-FDG PET/CT and investigated the mechanisms of 3-BrPA and SCT in vivo...
October 31, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105559/the-in-vitro-study-of-her-2-targeted-gold-nanoshell-liquid-fluorocarbon-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-ultrasound-microcapsule-for-ultrasound-imaging-and-breast-tumor-photothermal-therapy
#3
Yu Zhang, Cai-Feng Wan, Jing Du, Qi Dong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Hong Yang, Feng-Hua Li
Antibody-mediated targeting therapy has been successful in treating patients with breast cancer by improving the specificity and clinical efficacy. In this study, we constructed the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her2) antibody-conjugated ultrasound contrast agent with lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) as film forming and perfluorocty bromide (PFOB) as internal material, which was coated by gold nanoshell (Her2-PFOB@PLGA@Au), to realize the integration of diagnosis and treatment. The contrast agent was spherical, with the diameter was 256...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079852/exopolysaccharides-from-lactobacillus-plantarum-ncu116-induce-c-jun-dependent-fas-fasl-mediated-apoptosis-via-tlr2-in-mouse-intestinal-epithelial-cancer-cells
#4
Xingtao Zhou, Tao Hong, Qiang Yu, Shaoping Nie, Deming Gong, Tao Xiong, Mingyong Xie
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been reported to play vital parts in the modulation of cell-cycle and apoptosis in cancer cells. However, the mechanisms by which EPS regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells remain incompletely understood. We thus used different cancer cells to evaluate the anticancer ability and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism of EPS from Lactobacillus plantarum NCU116 (EPS116). Our studies showed that EPS116 inhibited the proliferation of cancer cells in a cell type manner, and remarkably repressed the growth and survival of CT26 through induction of apoptosis...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075551/development-of-a-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-detection-of-tricarboxylic-acid-cycle-intermediates-in-a-range-of-biological-matrices
#5
Omar Al Kadhi, Antonietta Melchini, Richard Mithen, Shikha Saha
It is now well-established that perturbations in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle play an important role in the metabolic transformation occurring in cancer including that of the prostate. A method for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of TCA cycle intermediates in body fluids, tissues, and cultured cell lines of human origin was developed using a common C18 reversed-phase column by LC-MS/MS technique. This LC-MS/MS method for profiling TCA cycle intermediates offers significant advantages including simple and fast preparation of a wide range of human biological samples...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065834/polymeric-nano-encapsulation-of-curcumin-enhances-its-anti-cancer-activity-in-breast-mda-mb231-and-lung-a549-cancer-cells-through-reduction-in-expression-of-hif-1a-and-nuclear-p65-rel-a
#6
Mohammed N Khan, Yusuf A Haggag, Majella E Lane, Paul A McCarron, Murtaza M Tambuwala
BACKGROUND: The anti-cancer potential of curcumin, a natural NFkβ inhibitor, has been reported extensively in breast, lung and other cancers. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin is enhanced when formulated in a nanoparticulate carrier. However, the mechanism of action of curcumin at the molecular level in the hypoxic tumour micro-environment is not fully understood. Hence, the aim of our study was to investigate the mechanism of action of curcumin formulated as nanoparticles in in vitro models of breast and lung cancer under a hypoxic micro-environment...
October 19, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056443/pre-clinical-evaluation-of-a-themosensitive-gel-containing-epothilone-b-and-mtor-hsp90-targeted-agents-in-an-ovarian-tumor-model
#7
Dae Hwan Shin, Glen S Kwon
Despite clinical remission of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) after surgical resection and first-line chemotherapy, about 60% of patients will re-develop peritoneal metastasis and about 50% will relapse with chemoresistant disease. Clinical studies suggest that intra-peritoneal (i.p.) chemotherapy effectively treats residual EOC after cyto-reduction by gaining direct access into the peritoneal cavity, enabling elevated drug levels versus intravenous (i.v.) injection. However, chemoresistant disease is still problematic...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038584/dual-drug-containing-core-shell-nanoparticles-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#8
Jyothi U Menon, Aneetta Kuriakose, Roshni Iyer, Elizabeth Hernandez, Leah Gandee, Shanrong Zhang, Masaya Takahashi, Zhang Zhang, Debabrata Saha, Kytai T Nguyen
Late-stage diagnosis of lung cancer occurs ~95% of the time due to late manifestation of its symptoms, necessitating rigorous treatment following diagnosis. Existing treatment methods are limited by lack of specificity, systemic toxicity, temporary remission, and radio-resistance in lung cancer cells. In this research, we have developed a folate receptor-targeting multifunctional dual drug-loaded nanoparticle (MDNP) containing a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-carboxymethyl chitosan shell and poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) core for enhancing localized chemo-radiotherapy to effectively treat lung cancers...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982361/distribution-of-plga-modified-nanoparticles-in-3d-cell-culture-models-of-hypo-vascularized-tumor-tissue
#9
Lee B Sims, Maya K Huss, Hermann B Frieboes, Jill M Steinbach-Rankins
BACKGROUND: Advanced stage cancer treatments are often invasive and painful-typically comprised of surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation treatment. Low transport efficiency during systemic chemotherapy may require high chemotherapeutic doses to effectively target cancerous tissue, resulting in systemic toxicity. Nanotherapeutic platforms have been proposed as an alternative to more safely and effectively deliver therapeutic agents directly to tumor sites. However, cellular internalization and tumor penetration are often diametrically opposed, with limited access to tumor regions distal from vasculature, due to irregular tissue morphologies...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961399/active-antioxidizing-particles-for-on-demand-pressure-driven-molecular-release
#10
Yongbeom Seo, Jiayu Leong, Jye Yng Teo, Jennifer W Mitchell, Martha U Gillette, Bumsoo Han, Jonghwi Lee, Hyunjoon Kong
Overproduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) are closely related to various health problems including inflammation, infection, and cancer. Abnormally high ROS levels can cause serious oxidative damage to biomolecules, cells, and tissues. A series of nano- or microsized particles has been developed to reduce the oxidative stress level by delivering antioxidant drugs. However, most systems are often plagued by slow molecular discharge, driven by diffusion. Herein, this study demonstrates the polymeric particles whose internal pressure can increase upon exposure to H2O2, one of the ROS, and in turn, discharge antioxidants actively...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948511/sn38-peg-plga-verapamil-nanoparticles-inhibit-proliferation-and-downregulate-drug-transporter-abcg2-gene-expression-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#11
Zahra Nagheh, Shiva Irani, Reza Mirfakhraie, Rassoul Dinarvand
Nowadays, nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems are recognized to reduce the therapeutic side effects. One of the common problems in cancer treatment is cancer drug resistance, resulting from the over-expression of one energy-dependent transporter that enhances drug efflux. Irinotecan is used for metastatic colorectal cancer. The involvement of ABCG2 transporter in irinotecan resistance has been established. The current study was designed to characterize SN38-loaded pegylated (polyethylene glycol) PLGA [poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)]-verapamil nanoparticles (NPs), and to distinguish the cytotoxic effect of SN38-PEG-PLGA-Ver NPs and the ability of SN38-PEG-PLGA-Ver NPs to inhibit drug resistance through the inhibition of ABCG2 expression...
September 25, 2017: Progress in biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946289/effect-of-nanoencapsulation-using-plga-on-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-guabiroba-fruit-phenolic-extract
#12
Marina C Pereira, Daniela A Oliveira, Laura E Hill, Rui Carlos Zambiazi, Caroline D Borges, Marcia Vizzotto, Susanne Mertens-Talcott, Stephen Talcott, Carmen L Gomes
Guabiroba fruit has been highlighted for its high phytochemical content, particularly of phenolic compounds. The stability, bioavailability, and bioactivity of these compounds can be enhanced by nanoencapsulation, to improve functionality. Poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles containing phenolic extract of guabiroba (GPE) were synthesized by an adapted emulsion-evaporation method and their physico-chemical and functional properties were studied at two lactic to glycolic acid ratios (50:50 and 65:35)...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941234/tuning-the-size-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-plga-nanoparticles-fabricated-by-nanoprecipitation
#13
Wei Huang, Chenming Zhang
Polymeric nanoparticles (PNPs) are promising drug carriers in cancer treatment. Size of the particles has a significant impact on drug loading, in vivo distribution, extravasation, intratumor diffusion and cell uptake, and thus is critical for the successful development of a drug delivery regime. However, methods for manufacturing PNPs of defined size are yet to be established. The goal of this study is to establish a method that can be used to fabricate PNPs with controlled size. We systematically investigated the factors that could impact the size of PNPs fabricated by nano-precipitation...
September 23, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939462/enhanced-cell-viability-in-hyaluronic-acid-coated-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-porous-scaffolds-within-microfluidic-channels
#14
Fernanda Zamboni, Marie Keays, Sheri Hayes, Ahmad B Albadarin, Gavin M Walker, Patrick A Kiely, Maurice N Collins
The concept of the present work is to produce porous optimised scaffolds of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) coated with hyaluronic acid (HA), to provide a suitable microenvironment for cellular proliferation. Freeze dried scaffolds were produced from PLGA with varying lactic acid and glycolic acid ratios along the polymer backbone, as follows: 50:50 ester terminated, 50:50 carboxylate end-group and 85:15 ester terminated. Subsequently, these scaffolds were immersed in crosslinked HA in order for the coating to enhance biological performance...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937854/probiotics-from-isolation-to-application
#15
Parisa Shokryazdan, Mohammad Faseleh Jahromi, Juan Boo Liang, Yin Wan Ho
Probiotics have become highly recognized as supplements for humans and animals because of their beneficial effects on health and well-being. The present review aims to provide an overview of different steps through which microbial strains become applicable probiotics in food and/or feed industries. Isolation of potential probiotic strains is the first step. Lactic acid bacteria are the most frequently used microorganisms as probiotics, which can be isolated from human, animal, plant, and environment. The next steps are identification of the isolates and characterization of them based on the main selection criteria for any potential probiotic microorganism, including resistance to gastric acidity and bile salt, adherence to mucus and/or intestinal epithelial cells and cell lines, and antimicrobial and antagonism activity against potentially pathogenic microbes...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922380/the-warburg-effect-as-an-adaptation-of-cancer-cells-to-rapid-fluctuations-in-energy-demand
#16
Tamir Epstein, Robert A Gatenby, Joel S Brown
To maintain optimal fitness, a cell must balance the risk of inadequate energy reserve for response to a potentially fatal perturbation against the long-term cost of maintaining high concentrations of ATP to meet occasional spikes in demand. Here we apply a game theoretic approach to address the dynamics of energy production and expenditure in eukaryotic cells. Conventionally, glucose metabolism is viewed as a function of oxygen concentrations in which the more efficient oxidation of glucose to CO2 and H2O produces all or nearly all ATP except under hypoxic conditions when less efficient (2 ATP/ glucose vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911246/dual-targeting-of-l-carnitine-conjugated-nanoparticles-to-octn2-and-atb-0-to-deliver-chemotherapeutic-agents-for-colon-cancer-therapy
#17
Longfa Kou, Qing Yao, Sathish Sivaprakasam, Qiuhua Luo, Yinghua Sun, Qiang Fu, Zhonggui He, Jin Sun, Vadivel Ganapathy
l-Carnitine, obligatory for oxidation of fatty acids, is transported into cells by the Na(+)-coupled transporter OCTN2 and the Na(+)/Cl(-)-coupled transporter ATB(0,+). Here we investigated the potential of L-carnitine-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (LC-PLGA NPs) to deliver chemotherapeutic drugs into cancer cells by targeting the nanoparticles to both OCTN2 and ATB(0,+). The cellular uptake of LC-PLGA NPs in the breast cancer cell line MCF7 and the colon cancer cell line Caco-2 was increased compared to unmodified nanoparticles, but decreased in the absence of co-transporting ions (Na(+) and/or Cl(-)) or in the presence of competitive substrates for the two transporters...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903181/development-and-characterization-of-hyaluronic-acid-modified-plga-based-nanoparticles-for-improved-efficacy-of-cisplatin-in-solid-tumor
#18
Noor Alam, Mytre Koul, Mubashir J Mintoo, Vaibhav Khare, Rahul Gupta, Neha Rawat, Parduman Raj Sharma, Shashank K Singh, Dilip M Mondhe, Prem N Gupta
Cisplatin is a potent and widely used chemotherapeutic agent to treat a variety of tumors. However, its clinical use is associated with undesirable side effects and acquired resistance to cisplatin. In this study, cisplatin loaded hyaluronic acid (HA) functionalized poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly (ethylene glycol) nanoparticles (CP-HA-PLGA-PEG-NPs) were fabricated using double emulsion solvent evaporation method to target CD44 receptor expressed on cancerous cells. The developed nanoconstructs were characterized for various in vitro parameters, including size distribution, zeta potential, morphology, drug loading and in vitro release...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887134/decreased-non-specific-adhesivity-receptor-targeted-dart-nanoparticles-exhibit-improved-dispersion-cellular-uptake-and-tumor-retention-in-invasive-gliomas
#19
Aniket S Wadajkar, Jimena G Dancy, Nathan B Roberts, Nina P Connolly, Dudley K Strickland, Jeffrey A Winkles, Graeme F Woodworth, Anthony J Kim
The most common and deadly form of primary brain cancer, glioblastoma (GBM), is characterized by significant intratumoral heterogeneity, microvascular proliferation, immune system suppression, and brain tissue invasion. Delivering effective and sustained treatments to the invasive GBM cells intermixed with functioning neural elements is a major goal of advanced therapeutic systems for brain cancer. Previously, we investigated the nanoparticle characteristics that enable targeting of invasive GBM cells. This revealed the importance of minimizing non-specific binding within the relatively adhesive, 'sticky' microenvironment of the brain and brain tumors in particular...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879447/lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-yak-milk-show-probiotic-potential
#20
Manpreet Kaur, Harjodh Singh, Manoj Jangra, Lakhwinder Kaur, Pallavi Jaswal, Chetna Dureja, Hemraj Nandanwar, Saumya Ray Chaudhuri, Manoj Raje, Sunita Mishra, Anil Kumar Pinnaka
Probiotic industries strive for new, efficient and promising probiotic strains that impart a positive impact on consumer health. Challenges are persisting in isolation, screening, and selection of the new indigenous probiotic strains. In the present research, we explored the probiotic potential of 17 lactic acid bacteria isolated from Yak milk in a series of in vitro tests. We also demonstrated their health benefits, i.e., cholesterol degradation, lactose digestion, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant, and anticancer activities...
October 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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