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Maternal child public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#1
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522317/the-association-between-cytochrome-p450-3a-progesterone-receptor-polymorphisms-plasma-17-ohpc-concentrations-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#2
Martha L Bustos, Steve N Caritis, Kathleen A Jablonski, Uma M Reddy, Yoram Sorokin, John M Thorp, Michael W Varner, Ronald J Wapner, Jay D Iams, Marshall W Carpenter, Alan M Peaceman, Brian M Mercer, Anthony Sciscione, Dwight J Rouse, Susan M Ramin
BACKGROUND: Infants born before 37 weeks' gestation are of public health concern since complications associated with preterm birth are the leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age and a major cause of morbidity and lifelong disability. The administration of 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) reduces preterm birth by 33% in women with history spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). We demonstrated previously that plasma concentrations of 17-OHPC vary widely among pregnant women and that women with 17-OHPC plasma concentrations in the lowest quartile had SPTB rates of 40% vs rates of 25% in those women with higher concentrations...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514952/distributions-and-determinants-of-urinary-biomarkers-of-organophosphate-pesticide-exposure-in-a-prospective-spanish-birth-cohort-study
#3
Sabrina Llop, Mario Murcia, Carmen Iñiguez, Marta Roca, Llúcia González, Vicent Yusà, Marisa Rebagliato, Ferran Ballester
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs) has been associated with impaired child development. Pesticide exposure determinants need to be studied in order to identify sources and pathways of pesticide exposure. The aim of this paper is to describe prenatal exposure to OPs and evaluate the associated factors in pregnant women. METHODS: The study population consisted of pregnant women (n = 573) who participated in the INMA birth cohort study in Valencia (Spain, 2003-2006)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494775/gender-blind-an-analysis-of-global-public-private-partnerships-for-health
#4
Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse, Anuj Kapilashrami
BACKGROUND: The Global Public Private Partnerships for Health (GPPPH) constitute an increasingly central part of the global health architecture and carry both financial and normative power. Gender is an important determinant of health status, influencing differences in exposure to health determinants, health behaviours, and the response of the health system. We identified 18 GPPPH - defined as global institutions with a formal governance mechanism which includes both public and private for-profit sector actors - and conducted a gender analysis of each...
May 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#5
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493860/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-women-giving-birth-tennessee-and-united-states-2009-2014
#6
Stephen W Patrick, Audrey M Bauer, Michael D Warren, Timothy F Jones, Carolyn Wester
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 3.5 million persons in the United States (1), making it the most common bloodborne infection in the country. Recent surveillance data showed increased rates of HCV infection among adolescents and adults who are predominantly white, live in nonurban areas, and have a history of injection drug use.* U.S. birth certificate data were used to analyze trends and geographic variations in rates of HCV infection among women giving birth during 2009-2014. Birth certificates from Tennessee were used to examine individual characteristics and outcomes associated with HCV infection, using a multivariable model to calculate adjusted odds of HCV-related diagnosis in pregnancy among women with live births...
May 12, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477409/alma-ata-to-berlin-diabetes-prevention-and-treatment-to-achieve-healthy-living
#7
S Kalra, T Lauritzen, T Sharmanov, Z Akanov, F Al Awadi, A K Das, C Espinosa López, G Medea, P Oh, Y Samoilova, M Shestakova, P Netto, X Cos, M Farghaly, X Du
The 1978 Declaration of Alma-Ata [1], issued at the International Conference on Primary Health Care*, held at Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan (former Soviet Union), is a landmark in public health. By stating that health is a fundamental human right, the declaration promoted interest and action in the field of public health, specifically primary health care. While it highlighted maternal child health and infectious disease control, it also clearly addressed chronic illness care, the availability of appropriate pharmaceuticals, and the need for preventive, curative and rehabilitative services...
May 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476071/parental-reports-of-early-socioemotional-and-behavioral-problems-does-the-father-s-view-make-a-difference
#8
Jaana Alakortes, Jenni Fyrstén, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling, Risto Bloigu, Alice S Carter
Although both mothers and fathers are essential sources of information to address early socioemotional/behavioral (SEB) problems, there continues to be a dearth of studies considering both parental views. A sample of 208 toddlers (Mage = 19.3 months) was recruited through public child health centers. Both parents of 172 toddlers (76 boys, 96 girls) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 1-5 (T.M. Achenbach & L.A. Rescorla, 2000; Finnish translation by F. Almqvist, ). Correspondence (intraclass correlation coefficients; ICCs) between the maternal and paternal CBCL ratings was good (...
May 5, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471502/cohort-study-shows-that-peripheral-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-is-of-limited-epidemiologic-use-in-prepubertal-children
#9
Ana Martins, Teresa Monjardino, Helena Canhão, Raquel Lucas
AIM: Peripheral methods are increasingly used to assess bone health, despite little evidence on their predictive ability. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of forearm dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in prepubertal children, by estimating the agreement between peripheral and central measures and the ability to predict fracture history. METHODS: In 2012/14, we assessed 1,177 seven-year-old children from the Generation XXI cohort who were recruited at birth in all five public hospitals with maternity wards in Porto, Portugal...
May 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470110/growth-pattern-in-ethiopian-infants-the-impact-of-exposure-to-maternal-hiv-infection-in-relation-to-socio-economic-factors
#10
John König Walles, Taye Tolera Balcha, Niclas Winqvist, Per Björkman
BACKGROUND: Infants exposed to maternal HIV infection who remain HIV-uninfected (HIV-exposed/uninfected; HIV-EU) may be at increased risk of growth retardation, which could be due both to directly HIV-related effects and to socio-economic factors overrepresented among HIV-positive women. OBJECTIVE: To investigate growth development at 9-12 months of age in HIV-EU infants participating in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) care compared to HIV unexposed (HIV-U) infants in relation to socio-economic conditions...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464868/nutritional-status-and-correlated-socio-economic-factors-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-plantation-communities-sri-lanka
#11
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela, Samath D Dharmaratne, G L S Galgamuwa
BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition is a major public health concern worldwide, leading to higher morbidity and mortality. It is mostly preventable through public health and economic development. The aim of the present study was to determine socio-economic factors associated with nutritional status among children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among preschool and school going children in three rural communities of Sri Lanka from January to August 2014...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462813/characterizing-social-determinants-of-health-for-adolescent-mothers-during-the-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods
#12
Natasha R Kumar, Christina A Raker, Crystal F Ware, Maureen G Phipps
PURPOSE: Significant racial disparities and continuing poor birth outcomes make adolescent pregnancy a significant public health concern in the United States despite declining pregnancy rates. Social determinants of health are associated with increased likelihood of pregnancy and poor maternal and child health outcomes. This study aims to characterize specific elements of social determinants of health in a cohort of predominantly Latina adolescent mothers. METHODS: Between February 2007 and August 2008, 106 pregnant adolescents participated in a study with assessments at 20 to 24 weeks of gestation, and at 3 and 6 months postpartum...
April 24, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462177/infant-and-child-oral-health-risk-status-correlated-to-behavioral-habits-of-parents-or-caregivers-a-survey-in-central-italy
#13
Iole Vozza, Francesca Capasso, Elisa Marrese, Antonella Polimeni, Livia Ottolenghi
AIM: The aim of this survey was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness of parents and caregivers about potential oral health risk factors for their children in their first months of life (3-30 months). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participation to the survey was proposed to all parents or caregivers of children attending the public consulting service in Latina for mandatory vaccinations during the period of June to August 2014. A self-administered questionnaire was completed to obtain information regarding demographic variables, infant feeding practice, maternal oral health during and after pregnancy, children's oral hygiene habits and risk behaviors (e...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#14
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453240/virological-response-and-resistances-over-12-months-among-hiv-infected-children-less-than-two-years-receiving-first-line-lopinavir-ritonavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy-in-cote-d-ivoire-and-burkina-faso-the-monod-anrs-12206-cohort
#15
Clarisse Amani-Bosse, Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Karen Malateste, Madeleine Amorissani-Folquet, Malik Coulibaly, Sophie Dattez, Arlette Emieme, Mamadou Barry, Christine Rouzioux, Sylvie N'gbeche, Caroline Yonaba, Marguerite Timité-Konan, Véronique Mea, Sylvie Ouédraogo, Stéphane Blanche, Nicolas Meda, Carole Seguin-Devaux, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: Lopinavir/ritonavir-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended for all HIV-infected children less than three years. However, little is known about its field implementation and effectiveness in West Africa. We assessed the 12-month response to lopinavir/ritonavir-based antiretroviral therapy in a cohort of West African children treated before the age of two years. METHODS: HIV-1-infected, ART-naive except for a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), tuberculosis-free, and less than two years of age children with parent's consent were enrolled in a 12-month prospective therapeutic cohort with lopinavir/ritonavir ART and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in Ouagadougou and Abidjan...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443574/parents-attitudes-and-adherence-to-unintentional-injury-prevention-measures-in-ankara-turkey
#16
Tolga İnce, Songül Yalçın, Kadriye Yurdakök
BACKGROUND: Childhood unintentional injuries are being perceived as a leading public health issue since they are one of the preventable causes of pediatric mortality and morbidity. Whether and how parental factors related to childhood injury are searched insufficiently. So, understanding what parents do to prevent injuries, how well these prevention strategies work, and what encourages these actions is essential to decrease unintentional injury risk and to develop effective injury prevention strategies...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433086/intergenerational-transmission-of-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-exposure-implications-for-fetal-brain-development
#17
REVIEW
Claudia Buss, Sonja Entringer, Nora K Moog, Philipp Toepfer, Damien A Fair, Hyagriv N Simhan, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests the deleterious consequences of exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) not only might endure over the exposed individual's lifespan but also might be transmitted across generations. The time windows, mechanisms, and targets of such intergenerational transmission are poorly understood. The prevailing paradigm posits that mother-to-child transmission of the effects of maternal CM likely occurs after her child's birth. The authors seek to extend this paradigm and advance a transdisciplinary framework that integrates the concepts of biological embedding of life experiences and fetal origins of health and disease risk...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#18
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#19
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421900/the-magnitude-and-factors-related-to-facility-based-maternal-mortality-in-mozambique
#20
Leonardo Chavane, Martinho Dgedge, Olivier Degomme, Osvaldo Loquiha, Marc Aerts, Marleen Temmerman
Facility-based maternal mortality remains an important public health problem in Mozambique. A number of factors associated with health system functioning can be described behind the occurrence of these deaths. This paper aimed to evaluate the magnitude of the health facility-based maternal mortality, its geographical distribution and to assess the health facility factors implicated in the occurrence of these deaths. A secondary analysis was done on data from the survey on maternal health needs performed by the Ministry of Health of Mozambique in 2008...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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