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Maternal child public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329429/how-to-convene-an-international-health-or-development-commission-ten-key-steps
#1
Gavin Yamey, Lawrence H Summers, Dean T Jamison, Jessica Brinton
The Commission on Investing in Health (CIH), an international group of 25 economists and global health experts, published its Global Health 2035 report in The Lancet in December 2013. The report laid out an ambitious investment framework for achieving a "grand convergence" in health-a universal reduction in deaths from infectious diseases and maternal and child health conditions-within a generation. This article captures ten key elements that the CIH found important to its process and successful outcomes. The elements are presented in chronological order, from inception to post-publication activities...
January 10, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323940/elevated-blood-pressure-in-low-income-rural-preschool-children-is-associated-with-maternal-hypertension-during-pregnancy
#2
Paige Johnson, Michele Montgomery, Patrick Ewell
Hypertension (HTN) is a significant public health problem in adults, and rates of HTN are rising in children as well. The purpose of this study was to determine blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) levels in low-income, rural preschool children and investigate the relationship between child and maternal factors that impact BP and BMI in these children. Results indicated high rates of overweight/obesity and elevated BP levels in this sample. Maternal hypertension during pregnancy also emerged as a predictor of elevated BP in their children...
January 2018: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#3
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319591/zika-virus-infection-in-the-pregnant-woman
#4
Meghan Holtzman, William C Golden, Jeanne S Sheffield
Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus from the Flaviviridae family. Transmission is typically from the bite of an infected mosquito though mother-to-child, sexual and blood donation transmissions can occur. Although maternal symptoms are uncommon and rarely severe, the consequences of congenital infections are devastating. The emergence of congenital Zika syndrome is a world-wide public health crisis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ACOG, and SMFM have developed algorithms for screening and managing women exposure to and diagnosed with Zika virus infection...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#5
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309582/associations-between-key-intervention-coverage-and-child-mortality-an-analysis-of-241-sub-national-regions-of-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Yoko Akachi, Maria Steenland, Günther Fink
Background: Reducing child mortality remains a key objective in the Sustainable Development Goals. Although remarkable progress has been made with respect to under-5 mortality over the last 25 years, little is known regarding the relative contributions of public health interventions and general improvements in socioeconomic status during this time period. Methods: We combined all available data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to construct a longitudinal, multi-level dataset with information on subnational-level key intervention coverage, household socioeconomic status and child health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302863/innovations-in-maternal-and-child-health-pairing-undergraduate-and-graduate-maternal-and-child-health-students-in-summer-practica-in-state-title-v-agencies
#7
Arden Handler, Jaime Klaus, Deneen Long-White, Marcia Roth, Rebecca Greenleaf, Olivia R Sappenfield, Dorothy Cilenti
Objective As part of the National MCH Workforce Development Center, an innovative internship program placed MCH undergraduate and graduate students in summer practica in state Title V agencies. Graduate student mentoring of undergraduates and leadership and professional development training and support are key features of the program. The objective of this paper is to report on the results of the evaluation of the MCH Paired Practica Program in its pilot years, 2014-2016. Methods Students completed pre and post internship questionnaires which included closed as well as open-ended questions...
January 4, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302518/in-the-dark-even-after-a-decade-a-10-year-analysis-of-india-s-national-rural-health-mission-is-family-medicine-the-answer-to-the-shortage-of-specialist-doctor-in-india
#8
Pavan Pandey, Sushrut Sharma
The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has been successful in reducing maternal, infant, and child mortality rates in India. In addition, it has tremendously improved the infrastructure of India's public health system. It has also placed at least one Accredited Social Health Activist worker in every village of India. However, the NRHM has not been able to overcome the shortage of specialist doctors at Community Health Centre (CHC) level. During 10 years of NRHM, only 81 gynecologists, 34 physicians, and 290 pediatricians have been added at the CHC level...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297562/are-maternal-factors-predictors-for-early-childhood-caries-results-from-a-cohort-in-southern-brazil
#9
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281619/shortages-of-benzathine-penicillin-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-syphilis-an-evaluation-from-multi-country-surveys-and-stakeholder-interviews
#10
Stephen Nurse-Findlay, Melanie M Taylor, Margaret Savage, Maeve B Mello, Sanni Saliyou, Manuel Lavayen, Frederic Seghers, Michael L Campbell, Françoise Birgirimana, Leopold Ouedraogo, Morkor Newman Owiredu, Nancy Kidula, Lee Pyne-Mercier
BACKGROUND: Benzathine penicillin G (BPG) is the only recommended treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission of syphilis. Due to recent reports of country-level shortages of BPG, an evaluation was undertaken to quantify countries that have experienced shortages in the past 2 years and to describe factors contributing to these shortages. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Country-level data about BPG shortages were collected using 3 survey approaches. First, a survey designed by the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research was distributed to 41 countries and territories in the Americas and 41 more in Africa...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261707/field-evaluation-of-hiv-point-of-care-testing-for-early-infant-diagnosis-in-cape-town-south-africa
#11
Lorna Dunning, Max Kroon, Nei-Yuan Hsiao, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) coverage and uptake remains challenging. Point-of-care (POC) testing may improve access and turn-around-times, but, while several POC technologies are in development there are few data on their implementation in the field. METHODS: We conducted an implementation study of the Alere q Detect POC system for EID at two public sector health facilities in Cape Town. HIV-exposed neonates undergoing routine EID testing at a large maternity hospital and a primary care clinic received both laboratory-based HIV PCR testing per local protocols and a POC test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261451/predictors-of-stillbirths-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-the-2004-2014-nation-wide-household-surveys
#12
Tanvir Abir, Kingsley E Agho, Felix A Ogbo, Garry J Stevens, Andrew Page, Milton A Hasnat, Michael J Dibley, Camille Raynes-Greenow
BACKGROUND: Globally, stillbirth remains a significant public health issue, particularly in developing countries such as Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the potential predictors of stillbirths in Bangladesh over a ten-year period. METHODS: The Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys data for the years 2004, 2007, 2011 and 2014 (n = 29,094) were used for the study to investigate the predictors of stillbirths. Stillbirth was examined against a set of community, socio-economic and child characteristics, using a multivariable logistic regression model that adjusted for cluster and sampling variability...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249846/development-and-implementation-of-a-screen-and-refer-approach-to-addressing-maternal-depression-substance-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-home-visiting-clients
#13
Sarah Dauber, Tiffany John, Aaron Hogue, Jessica Nugent, Gina Hernandez
Perinatal maternal depression (MD), substance use (SU), and intimate partner violence (IPV) are critical public health concerns with significant negative impacts on child development. Bolstering the capacity of home visiting (HV) programs to address these significant risk factors has potential to improve child and family outcomes. This study presents a description and mixed-methods feasibility evaluation of the "Home Visitation Enhancing Linkages Project (HELP)," a screen-and-refer approach to addressing MD, SU, and IPV within HV aimed at improving risk identification and linkage to treatment among HV clients...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248033/practicing-safety-a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-test-tools-to-enhance-pediatric-psychosocial-care-for-children-0-3-years
#14
Diane J Abatemarco, Ruth S Gubernick, Marianna D LaNoue, Ryan T Pohlig, Sara R Slovin, Jill A Healy, Steven Kairys
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a significant public health issue in the United States. Yet, fewer than half of pediatricians discuss behavioral, developmental, or parenting issues with parents. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the testing of bundles of tools and processes, part of a larger intervention, Practicing Safety, targeted at changing physician and staff behavior to identify families at risk for child maltreatment, provide anticipatory guidance, refer to community resources, and follow-up and track at-risk families...
December 18, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#15
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241620/trends-in-and-projections-of-indicators-of-universal-health-coverage-in-bangladesh-1995-2030-a-bayesian-analysis-of-population-based-household-data
#16
Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Khin Thet Swe, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Many countries are implementing health system reforms to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. To understand the progress towards UHC in Bangladesh, we estimated trends in indicators of the health service and of financial risk protection. We also estimated the probability of Bangladesh's achieving of UHC targets of 80% essential health-service coverage and 100% financial risk protection by 2030. METHODS: We estimated the coverage of UHC indicators-13 prevention indicators and four treatment indicators-from 19 nationally representative population-based household surveys done in Bangladesh from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2014...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240547/implementing-cdc-s-level-of-care-assessment-tool-locate-a-national-collaboration-to-improve-maternal-and-child-health
#17
Andrea Catalano, Amanda Bennett, Ashley Busacker, Alethia Carr, David Goodman, Charlan Kroelinger, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Mary Brantley, Wanda Barfield
Perinatal regionalization, or risk-appropriate care, is an approach that classifies facilities based on capabilities to ensure women and infants receive care at a facility that aligns with their risk. The CDC designed the Levels of Care Assessment Tool (LOCATe) to assist jurisdictions working in risk-appropriate care in assessing a facility's level of maternal and neonatal care aligned with the most current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines...
December 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#18
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236092/paternal-smoking-and-maternal-protective-behaviors-at-home-on-infant-s-saliva-cotinine-levels
#19
Man-Ping Wang, Yi-Nam Suen, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, William Ho-Cheung Li, David Soo-Quee Koh, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan
BackgroundWe investigated the association between paternal smoking, avoidance behaviors and maternal protective actions and smoke-free home rules with infant's saliva cotinine in Hong Kong.MethodsSix hundred and seventy-five non-smoking mothers (mean age 32.6 years) who attended the maternal-child health clinics with their newborns aged ≤18 months completed a questionnaire about paternal smoking and avoidance behaviors, maternal protective actions, smoke-free rules at home, and infant's second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#20
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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