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Maternal child public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642112/breastfeeding-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
G López-Fernández, M Barrios, J Goberna-Tricas, J Gómez-Benito
BACKGROUND: The consequences of breastfeeding during pregnancy (BDP) have not been clearly established. Available studies have addressed isolated aspects of this issue using different methodologies, often resulting in contradictory results. To our knowledge, no systematic review has assessed and compared these studies, making it difficult to obtain a clear picture of the consequences of BDP. AIM: To review and summarise all the scientific evidence relating to BDP, and determine whether this evidence is sufficient to establish clear implications for the mother, breastmilk, breastfed child, current pregnancy, and ultimately, the newborn...
June 19, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616226/child-wasting-is-a-severe-public-health-problem-in-the-predominantly-rural-population-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Haile Woldie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child wasting has remained a public health problem for a decade's, suggesting the need to further monitoring of the problem. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A Community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to June, 2015, in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. A total of 1184 children aged under five years and their mothers/caretakers were included in the study...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614450/classification-systems-for-avoidability-of-infant-deaths-different-methods-different-repercussions
#4
Barbara Almeida Soares Dias, Edson Theodoro Dos Santos, Maria Angélica Carvalho Andrade
The objective of this study was to compare the avoidability of infant deaths according to different classification methods. This was a descriptive comparative study from 2006 to 2013 in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, focusing on the classification of 5,316 infant deaths according to five different methods. The methods of the International Collaborative Effort on Infant Mortality (ICE) and the SEADE Foundation correctly classified the highest proportions of deaths as avoidable versus unavoidable (94.6% and 94...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#5
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599674/cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-mhealth-intervention-imtecho-to-improve-delivery-of-proven-maternal-neonatal-and-child-care-interventions-through-community-based-accredited-social-health-activists-ashas-by-enhancing-their-motivation-and-strengthening-supervision
#6
Dhiren Modi, Shrey Desai, Kapilkumar Dave, Shobha Shah, Gayatri Desai, Nishith Dholakia, Ravi Gopalan, Pankaj Shah
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the delivery of proven maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) services, a new cadre of village-based frontline workers, called the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), was created in 2005 under the aegis of the National Rural Health Mission in India. Evaluations have noted that coverage of selected MNCH services to be delivered by the ASHAs is low. Reasons for low coverage are inadequate supervision and support to ASHAs apart from insufficient skills, poor quality of training, and complexity of tasks to be performed...
June 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592986/correlates-of-early-neonatal-feeding-practice%C3%A2-in-dabat-hdss-site-northwest-ethiopia
#7
Terefe Derso, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Amare Tariku, Nigusie Birhan Tebeje, Zemichael Gizaw, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Alemayehu Shimeka, Yigzaw Kebede, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Mamo Wubeshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Abel Fekadu, Geta Asrade, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Adino Tesfahun, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Delaying the start of breastfeeding and giving prelacteal feeding leads to a significant increase in neonatal and infant deaths, particularly in a resource limited countries, like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess early neonatal feeding practice and its determinants in Dabat HDSS site, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: The census for the reconciliation of the surveillance of the Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site was conducted from October to December 2014...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588974/practical-issues-in-the-measurement-of-child-survival-in-health-systems-trials-experience-developing-a-digital-community-based-mortality-surveillance-programme-in-rural-nepal
#8
Alex Harsha Bangura, Al Ozonoff, David Citrin, Poshan Thapa, Isha Nirola, Sheela Maru, Ryan Schwarz, Anant Raut, Bishal Belbase, Scott Halliday, Mukesh Adhikari, Duncan Maru
Child mortality measurement is essential to the impact evaluation of maternal and child healthcare systems interventions. In the absence of vital statistics systems, however, assessment methodologies for locally relevant interventions are severely challenged. Methods for assessing the under-5 mortality rate for cross-country comparisons, often used in determining progress towards development targets, pose challenges to implementers and researchers trying to assess the population impact of targeted interventions at more local levels...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585081/mental-health-assessed-by-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-for-children-born-extremely-preterm-without-severe-disabilities-at-11%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-norwegian-national-population-based-study
#9
Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Mari Hysing, Kristian Sommerfelt, Irene Elgen
The aims were to investigate mental health problems with the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in children born extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EP/ELBW) without severe disabilities compared to controls, and to identify peri-, or neonatal factors possibly predicting later mental health problems. A national Norwegian cohort of 11-year-old EP/ELBW children, excluding those with intellectual disabilities, non-ambulatory cerebral palsy, blindness and/or deafness, was assessed. Parents and teachers completed the SDQ...
June 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583203/factors-associated-with-mothers-knowledge-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-recommendation-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a public health concern in Ethiopia. This might be correlated with inappropriate infant and young child feeding practice. This in turn is affected by Mothers' knowledge on feeding practice. However, information on mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation was scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation and associated factors in slum areas of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia...
June 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580865/the-association-between-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-childhood-respiratory-disease-a-review
#11
A Vanker, R P Gie, H J Zar
Childhood respiratory illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality particularly in low and middle-income countries. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is a recognised risk factor for both acute and chronic respiratory illness. Areas covered: The aim of this paper was to review the epidemiology of ETS exposure and impact on respiratory health in children. We conducted a search of 3 electronic databases of publications on ETS and childhood respiratory illness from 1990-2015. Key findings were that up to 70% of children are exposed to ETS globally, but under-reporting may mask the true prevalence...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579711/nutritional-status-and-effect-of-maternal-employment-among-children-aged-6-59-months-in-wolayta-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Hiwot Eshete, Yewelsew Abebe, Eskindir Loha, Teklemichael Gebru, Tesfalem Tesheme
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition remains common in many parts of the world; the magnitude of worldwide stunting, underweight and wasting in children under five years of age were 24.7 %, 15.1 % and 7.8 %, respectively. More than 150 million children under the age of five years in the developing world are malnourished. Ethiopia is one of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa with the highest rates of malnutrition. In Ethiopia, 44.4% and 9.7% of children under-five years old were stunted and wasted, respectively...
March 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577361/-it-is-a-difficult-topic-a-qualitative-study-of-midwives%C3%A2-experiences-with-routine-antenatal-enquiry-for-intimate-partner-violence
#13
L Henriksen, L M Garnweidner-Holme, K K Thorsteinsen, M Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy may jeopardize maternal and fetal health (IJFWM 49:159-164, 2004; IJGO 133:269-276, 2016). In recognition of the significant public health impact of IPV, the Norwegian Directorate of Health issued new guidelines in 2014, which recommend that health professionals routinely ask all women in antenatal care about their exposure to violence. The objective of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of midwives' experiences with routine enquiry for intimate partner violence during the antenatal period...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575495/maternal-smoking-a-life-course-blood-pressure-determinant
#14
Maria Cabral, Maria João Fonseca, Camila González-Beiras, Ana Cristina Santos, Liane Correia-Costa, Henrique Barros
Introduction: Exposure to maternal smoking early in life may affect blood pressure (BP) control mechanisms. We examined the association between maternal smoking (before conception, during pregnancy and 4 years after delivery) and BP in preschool children. Methods: We evaluated 4,295 of Generation XXI children, recruited at birth in 2005-2006 and re-evaluated at the age of 4. At birth, information was collected by face-to-face interview and additionally abstracted from clinical records...
May 31, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562255/behavioral-problems-and-socioemotional-competence-at-18-to-22-months-of-extremely-premature-children
#15
Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Waldemar A Carlo, Athina Pappas, Yvonne E Vaucher, Keith Owen Yeates, Vivien A Phillips, Kathryn E Gustafson, Allison H Payne, Andrea F Duncan, Jamie E Newman, Carla M Bann
BACKGROUND: Behavior and socioemotional development are crucial aspects of child development . METHODS: A total of 2505 children born at <27 weeks' gestation was evaluated at 18 to 22 months' corrected age between January 1, 2008 and December 12, 2012 (86% follow-up). The Brief Infant and Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment was used to evaluate behavioral and socioemotional problems. Cognition and language were evaluated by using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
May 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550007/associations-between-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-nonresponsive-feeding-styles-and-practices-in-mothers-of-young-children-a-systematic-review
#16
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Tatiana Mesa, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem due to increasing rates worldwide. Growing evidence suggests that nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices are important influences on children's eating behaviors and weight status, especially during early childhood. Therefore, understanding parental factors that may influence nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices is significant for the development of interventions to prevent childhood obesity...
May 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#17
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545417/community-level-characteristics-and-environmental-factors-of-child-respiratory-illnesses-in-southern-arizona
#18
Nathan Lothrop, Khaleel Hussaini, Dean Billheimer, Paloma Beamer
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) and asthma are common diseases in children <5 years of age. Few studies have investigated the relationships between multiple, home-based social and environmental risk factors and asthma and LRIs in children. Of those that have, none have focused exclusively on children <5 years of age, who are more physiologically vulnerable and spend more time at home compared to older children. Further, no studies have done so at the community level...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543936/counselling-parents-on-young-children-s-healthy-diet-a-modified-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Sølvi Helseth, Jenny Owe, Kari Glavin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To map and describe key information in existing research about counselling of parents of children aged 0-2 years on the child's healthy diet in preventive health care settings, particularly in public health nursing. BACKGROUND: Many parents are likely to be concerned with their infant's food-related happiness "here and now", disregarding the child's long-term health and development related to feeding practices. Hence, a focus on counselling parents in considering young children's healthy diet is important...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540847/risk-factors-for-transmission-of-hiv-from-mother-to-child-in-bangui
#20
S C H Diemer, R N Ngbale, J D D Longo, O Bami Dienhot, C E Gaunefet
the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) in pregnant women in Central Africa is 4.5%. Although a program to prevent mother-child transmission of HIV has been implemented throughout the country, the number of infected infants continues to increase. In this context, our study sought to determine the rate of mother-child transmission of HIV and to identify the main risk factors. this prospective cross-sectional study took place from November 1, 2014, to November 1, 2015, in all 16 maternal and child health centers in Bangui...
May 24, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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