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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334970/expenditure-tracking-and-review-of-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-policy-in-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Abdul Sattar Nahyoun, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Zulfiqar Ahmad Bhutta
Since 2001 substantial resources have been allocated to the reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health sector (RMNCH) in Pakistan. Many new programmes have been started and coverage of some existing programmes has been extended to un-served and rural areas. Despite these efforts the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 were not achieved (2000-15). Maternal Mortality Ratio was reduced to 170 per 100 000 live births (target 100) by 2013 at an annual reduction rate of 3.6% (1990-2013). Against the target of 46 per 1000 live births, the Under Five Mortality Rate was reduced to 81 per 1000 live births by 2015 at an annual reduction rate of 2...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333101/nutrient-status-of-vitamin-d-among-chinese-children
#2
Shuojia Wang, Guosong Shen, Shuying Jiang, Hongwei Xu, Minchao Li, Zhaopin Wang, Su Zhang, Yunxian Yu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is considered to be a public health problem. However, the nutrient status of vitamin D in Chinese children is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the vitamin D status among children aged under 18 years in southeast China. METHODS: Children who visited the Huzhou Maternal and Child Care Hospital from January 2012 to August 2015 were included in this large cross-sectional study. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay...
March 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330857/estimated-disability-adjusted-life-years-averted-by-free-of-charge-provision-of-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-over-a-9-year-period-in-brazil
#3
Jessica M Ferreira, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes, Maria V Bahamondes, Ana Pitoli, Luis Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyse the contribution of the provision at no cost to users of the 20 µg/day levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) towards disability-adjusted life years (DALY) averted over a 9-year period. METHODS: We analysed data from 15 030 new users of the LNG-IUS who had the device inserted at 26 Brazilian teaching hospitals between January 2007 and December 2015. The devices came from the International Contraceptive Access Foundation (ICA), a not-for-profit foundation that donates the devices to developing countries for use by low-income women who desire long-term contraception and who freely choose to use this device...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323460/supply-side-disruption-in-cocaine-production-associated-with-cocaine-related-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#4
Chris Delcher, Melvin Livingston, Yanning Wang, Meredith Mowitz, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Bruce A Goldberger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of precursor chemical regulation aimed at reducing cocaine production on cocaine-related maternal and newborn hospital stays in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed monthly counts of maternal and neonatal stays from January 2002 through December 2013 by using a quasi-experimental interrupted time series design. We estimated the preregulation linear trend, postregulation change in linear trend, and abrupt change in level...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320431/barriers-to-uptake-of-early-infant-hiv-testing-in-zambia-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-disclosure-within-couples
#5
Karen M Hampanda, Abigail M Nimz, Lisa L Abuogi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pediatric HIV through uptake of infant HIV testing is critical for access to treatment and child survival. While structural barriers have been well described, a greater understanding of social and behavioral factors that may relate to maternal uptake of early infant HIV testing services is urgently needed. The aim of this study was to explore how gender power dynamics within couples affect HIV-positive women's uptake of early infant HIV testing at a large health center in Lusaka, Zambia...
March 21, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320397/a-30-year-bibliometric-analysis-of-research-coverage-on-hiv-and-aids-in-lesotho
#6
REVIEW
Eltony Mugomeri, Bisrat S Bekele, Mamajoin Mafaesa, Charles Maibvise, Clemence Tarirai, Sunny E Aiyuk
BACKGROUND: Given the well documented undesired impacts of HIV/AIDS globally, there is a need to create a statistical inventory of research output on HIV/AIDS. This need is particularly important for a country such as Lesotho, whose HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the highest globally. Research on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa continues to trail behind that of other regions, especially those of the developed countries. Lesotho, a sub-Saharan country, is a developing country with lower research output in this area when longitudinally compared to other countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320236/prevention-of-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-disease-by-universal-antenatal-culture-based-screening-in-all-public-hospitals-in-hong-kong
#7
Teresa W L Ma, Viola Chan, C H So, Annie S Y Hui, C N Lee, Amelia P W Hui, P L So, C W Kong, Barbara Fung, K Y Leung
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of maternal colonization with group B streptococcus (GBS), and early onset GBS disease (EOGBSD) after implementation of universal screening. METHODS: This was a three-year retrospective cohort study on universal antenatal rectovaginal culture-based screening and intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis (IAP) to colonized women in the public sector in Hong Kong. Routinely collected data including maternal colonization and EOGBSD were retrieved...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298243/the-gender-gap-in-relation-to-happiness-and-preferences-in-married-couples-after-childbirth-evidence-from-a-field-experiment-in-rural-ghana
#8
Yusuke Kamiya, Bright Akpalu, Emmanuel Mahama, Emmanuel Kwesi Ayipah, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Abraham Hodgson, Akira Shibanuma, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: How does the gap in preferences between married couples affect their happiness after childbirth? Are couples that share similar preferences happier? In recent years, gender, marriage, and happiness have been considered to be key issues in public health research. Although much research has examined the happiness status of married couples, practically no study has explored the gender gap in relation to happiness and the preferences of married couples after childbirth. Therefore, our study was conducted to assess the association between the preference gap and the happiness status among married couples in the afterbirth period...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296580/the-pumpgate-incident-stigma-against-lactating-mothers-in-the-u-s-workplace
#9
Mary Bresnahan, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson, Yi Zhu, Joshua Nelson, Xiaodi Yan
Studies conclude that breastfeeding for six months is associated with better lifelong health for mother and child. Mothers in the U.S. returning to work after maternity leave report difficulty with the need to take frequent breaks to pump breastmilk so many stop breastfeeding. Factors discouraging pumping breastmilk in the workplace motivated a content analysis of public comments posted in response to a legal deposition that occurred in January of 2011 in which an attorney who was a new mother was challenged about taking a break to pump breastmilk...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292453/adolescent-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Heidi K Leftwich, Marcus Vinicius Ortega Alves
Adolescent pregnancy, although on the decline, represents a significant public health concern. Often adolescents present late to prenatal care, either from lack of knowledge, fear of consequences, limited access, stigma, or all of the above. Although multifaceted, there are many risks both to mother and child that are increased in adolescent pregnancy. Many are unintended and are at risk for repeat adolescent pregnancy, especially within the first 2 years. Risks include but are not limited to: low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth, and preeclampsia, as well as feelings of social isolation, delayed or neglected educational goals, and maternal depression...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291591/the-inma-infancia-y-medio-ambiente-environment-and-childhood-project-more-than-10-years-contributing-to-environmental-and-neuropsychological-research
#11
REVIEW
Mireia Gascon, Mònica Guxens, Martine Vrijheid, Maties Torrent, Jesús Ibarluzea, Eduardo Fano, Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mariana F Fernández, Adonina Tardón, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: In 2003 the INMA-INfancia y Medio Ambiente (Environment and Childhood) project, a Spanish national network of birth cohorts including more than 3500 participants, was set up with the aim to assess the health impacts of pre- and postnatal environmental exposures on children. The project has published more than 60 papers on maternal and environmental factors related to neuropsychological development in children, one of the main research interests within the project. With the present review, we evaluate the evidence provided by the INMA project on this topic and discuss how the data can contribute to cover the challenges that children's environmental health research will face in the coming years...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289044/exploiting-social-influence-to-magnify-population-level-behaviour-change-in-maternal-and-child-health-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-network-targeting-algorithms-in-rural-honduras
#12
Holly B Shakya, Derek Stafford, D Alex Hughes, Thomas Keegan, Rennie Negron, Jai Broome, Mark McKnight, Liza Nicoll, Jennifer Nelson, Emma Iriarte, Maria Ordonez, Edo Airoldi, James H Fowler, Nicholas A Christakis
INTRODUCTION: Despite global progress on many measures of child health, rates of neonatal mortality remain high in the developing world. Evidence suggests that substantial improvements can be achieved with simple, low-cost interventions within family and community settings, particularly those designed to change knowledge and behaviour at the community level. Using social network analysis to identify structurally influential community members and then targeting them for intervention shows promise for the implementation of sustainable community-wide behaviour change...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#13
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#14
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryant
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#15
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279186/continuum-of-care-in-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-pakistan-analysis-of-trends-and-determinants-from-2006-to-2012
#16
Sarosh Iqbal, Sidra Maqsood, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Pakistan, being a developing country, presents the dismal picture of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The majority of maternal and neonatal deaths could be avoided if Continuum of Care (CoC) is provided in a structured pathway from pregnancy to birth and to the first week of life of the newborn child. This study aimed to analyse the trends of CoC at all three levels (antenatal care, skilled delivery and postpartum care) and to identify various factors affecting the continuation in receiving CoC in Pakistan during 2006 to 2012...
March 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265469/identifying-and-intervening-in-child-maltreatment-and-implementing-related-national-guidelines-by-public-health-nurses-in-finland-and-japan
#17
Kayoko Suzuki, Eija Paavilainen, Mika Helminen, Aune Flinck, Natsuko Hiroyama, Taiko Hirose, Noriko Okubo, Motoko Okamitsu
Aim. This study aimed to investigate how public health nurses identify, intervene in, and implement the guidelines on child maltreatment in Finland and Japan and to compare the data between the two countries. Method. This study employed a cross-sectional design. Public health nurses' knowledge and skills with respect to child maltreatment prevention were assessed using a questionnaire consisting of three categories: identification, intervention, and implementation of guidelines. Public health nurses working in the area of maternal and child health care in Finland (n = 193) and Japan (n = 440) were the participants...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264723/developmental-pathways-to-adiposity-begin-before-birth-and-are-influenced-by-genotype-prenatal-environment-and-epigenome
#18
Xinyi Lin, Ives Yubin Lim, Yonghui Wu, Ai Ling Teh, Li Chen, Izzuddin M Aris, Shu E Soh, Mya Thway Tint, Julia L MacIsaac, Alexander M Morin, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Seang Mei Saw, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney, Keith M Godfrey, Yap Seng Chong, Joanna D Holbrook, Yung Seng Lee, Peter D Gluckman, Neerja Karnani
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an escalating health problem worldwide, and hence the causes underlying its development are of primary importance to public health. There is growing evidence that suboptimal intrauterine environment can perturb the metabolic programing of the growing fetus, thereby increasing the risk of developing obesity in later life. However, the link between early exposures in the womb, genetic susceptibility, and perturbed epigenome on metabolic health is not well understood...
March 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260528/are-child-centric-aspects-in-newborn-and-child-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocols-and-reports-adequately-reported-two-systematic-reviews
#19
Mufiza Farid-Kapadia, Kariym C Joachim, Chrinna Balasingham, April Clyburne-Sherin, Martin Offringa
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that newborn and child health systematic reviews and meta-analyses exhibit poor quality in reporting. The "Preferred Reporting Items in Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" (PRISMA) and PRISMA-Protocols (PRISMA-P) checklists have been developed to improve the reporting of systematic review results and protocols, respectively. We aimed to evaluate the clarity and transparency in reporting of child-centric items in child health systematic reviews (SRs) and SR protocols and to identify areas where reporting could be strengthened...
March 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245839/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-chw-interventions-aimed-at-improving-child-health-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
L Nkonki, A Tugendhaft, K Hofman
Evidence of the cost-effectiveness of community health worker interventions is pertinent for decision-makers and programme planners who are turning to community services in order to strengthen health systems in the context of the momentum generated by strategies to support universal health care, the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goal agenda.We conducted a systematic review of published economic evaluation studies of community health worker interventions aimed at improving child health outcomes. Four public health and economic evaluation databases were searched for studies that met the inclusion criteria: National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), Cochrane, Paediatric Economic Evaluation Database (PEED), and PubMed...
February 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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