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Rebeca Acin-Perez, Ana Victoria Lechuga-Vieco, Maria Del Mar Muñoz, Rocío Nieto-Arellano, Carlos Torroja, Fátima Sánchez-Cabo, Concepción Jiménez, Andrés González-Guerra, Isabel Carrascoso, Cristiane Benincá, Pedro M Quiros, Carlos López-Otín, José María Castellano, Jesús Ruíz-Cabello, Luis Jesús Jiménez-Borreguero, José Antonio Enríquez
Heart failure (HF) is a major health and economic burden in developed countries. It has been proposed that the pathogenesis of HF may involve the action of mitochondria. We evaluate three different mouse models of HF: tachycardiomyopathy, HF with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF), and LV myocardial ischemia and hypertrophy. Regardless of whether LVEF is preserved, our results indicate that the three models share common features: an increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species followed by ultrastructural alterations in the mitochondrial cristae and loss of mitochondrial integrity that lead to cardiomyocyte death...
March 28, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Stefano Benussi, Gijs E de Maat
The exact mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF) is still incompletely understood. A number of alterations that impact focal electrical discharge, the atrial substrate and modulating factors contribute to its pathogenesis. Atrial remodelling (resulting in atrial cardiomyopathy) sets the stage for AF development. Once present, AF results in the loss of synchronized atrial contraction, which affects ventricular filling and atrial reservoir and conduit functions. Passive atrial function is particularly important in patients with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Srinivas R Dukkipati, Jacob S Koruth, Subbarao Choudry, Marc A Miller, William Whang, Vivek Y Reddy
In contrast to ventricular tachycardia (VT) that occurs in the setting of a structurally normal heart, VT that occurs in patients with structural heart disease carries an elevated risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD), and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are the mainstay of therapy. In these individuals, catheter ablation may be used as adjunctive therapy to treat or prevent repetitive ICD therapies when antiarrhythmic drugs are ineffective or not desired. However, certain patients with frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) or VT and tachycardiomyopathy should be considered for ablation before ICD implantation because left ventricular function may improve, consequently decreasing the risk of SCD and obviating the need for an ICD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Srinivas R Dukkipati, Subbarao Choudry, Jacob S Koruth, Marc A Miller, William Whang, Vivek Y Reddy
Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is being increasingly performed; yet, there is often confusion regarding indications, outcomes, and how to identify those patient populations most likely to benefit. The management strategy differs between those with structural heart disease and those without. For the former, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is typically required due to an elevated risk for sudden cardiac death, and catheter ablation can be used as adjunctive therapy to treat or prevent repetitive ICD therapies...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Felix Hohendanner, F R Heinzel, F Blaschke, B M Pieske, W Haverkamp, H L Boldt, A S Parwani
Heart failure and atrial fibrillation are common and responsible for significant mortality of patients. Both share the same risk factors like hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, obesity, arteriosclerosis, and age. A variety of microscopic and macroscopic changes favor the genesis of atrial fibrillation in patients with preexisting heart failure, altered subcellular Ca2+ homeostasis leading to increased cellular automaticity as well as concomitant fibrosis that are induced by pressure/volume overload and altered neurohumoral states...
January 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
Claire A Martin, Pier D Lambiase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Karin A L Mueller, David Heinzmann, Karin Klingel, Petra Fallier-Becker, Reinhard Kandolf, Antonios Kilias, Britta Walker-Allgaier, Oliver Borst, Jörg Kumbrink, Thomas Kirchner, Harald Langer, Tobias Geisler, Jürgen Schreieck, Michael Gramlich, Meinrad Gawaz, Peter Seizer
BACKGROUND: Tachycardiomyopathy or tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TCM) has been known for decades as a reversible form of nonischemic cardiomyopathy. However, its mechanism and properties remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated endomyocardial biopsy samples from patients with TCM and compared them with samples from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and inflammatory cardiomyopathy (ICM). METHODS: The study included 189 patients with new-onset heart failure and severely reduced ejection fraction not caused by valvular or ischemic heart disease...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Sergio Conti, Atul Verma
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and the number of patients is expected to continuously increase in the next years. Catheter ablation is an effective, safe, and well-established treatment for patient with symptomatic and drug-resistant paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Over the last decade, there was an increasing body of evidence demonstrating superiority of catheter ablation over antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in maintaining sinus rhythm. However, randomized clinical trials have not been conclusive to consider catheter ablation as a first-line therapy for PAF...
May 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Matteo Anselmino, Nicolò Montali, Fiorenzo Gaita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
L Valeri, A Coppolino, G Rossetti, A Vado, G Amoroso, G Bricco, A Battisti, L Correndo, S Dogliani, A Magliarditi, D Pancaldo, M De Benedictis, A Bassignana, B Doronzo
The term tachycardiomyopathy refers to a specific form of tachycardia-related cardiomyopathy caused by supraventricular or ventricular tachyarrhytmias that are both associated with ventricular rates higher than 120 bpm. The arrhythmias which are most frequently associated with these forms of heart disease are atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, particularly found in the elderly population. The most frequent clinical manifestation is heart failure. In this case we are reporting a clinical case of a patient that came to our attention because of an episode of heart failure associated with atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Narayanan Namboodiri, Syamkumar Divakaramenon, Bharatraj Banavalikar, Sreevilasam Pushpangadhan Abhilash, Anees Thajudeen, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
A 50-year-old female presented with incessant palpitation of 2 weeks duration. She was hemodynamically stable and there was no evidence of heart failure. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed mild left ventricular (LV) dysfunction with LV ejection fraction of 45%. Electrocardiogram (12 lead and rhythm strip) was taken during the palpitation. What is the mechanism?
December 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Urszula Pasławska, Jacek Gajek, Adrian Janiszewski, Robert Pasławski, Dorota Zyśko, Józef Nicpoń
BACKGROUND: Swine are recognized animal models of human cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known on the CHF-associated changes in the electrophysiological ventricular parameters of humans and animals. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the durations of ventricular effective refraction period (VERP), QT and QTc intervals of pigs with chronic tachycardia-induced tachycardiomyopathy (TIC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was comprised of 28 adult pigs (8 females and 20 males) of the Polish Large White breed...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Dirk Vollmann, Claudius Hansen
A 35-year-old female was referred with progressive dyspnoea and elevated heart rate. Surface electrocardiography (ECG) showed supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with long RP interval and inverse P waves. ECG revealed left ventricular dilation and severe systolic dysfunction. An electrophysiological (EP) examination was performed due to incessant SVT despite betablocker medication. Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) was diagnosed and successfully ablated. During follow-up, the patient's symptoms abated and ECG parameters normalized...
December 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Yoav Michowitz, Aharon Glick, Raphael Rosso, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) arrhythmias are increasingly recognized. Data regarding the distribution of the sites of origin (SOO) of the arrhythmias are sparse. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients with LVOT arrhythmias and the distribution of their SOO. METHODS: All 42 consecutive patients with LVOT arrhythmias who underwent radiofrequency (RF) ablation during the period 2000-2014 were included...
February 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Béatrice Brembilla-Perrot, João Pedro Ferreira, Vladimir Manenti, Jean Marc Sellal, Arnaud Olivier, Thibaut Villemin, Daniel Beurrier, Christian De Chillou, Pierre Louis, Alice Brembilla, Yves Juillière, Nicolas Girerd
BACKGROUND: Atrial flutter-related tachycardiomyopathy (AFL-TCM) is a rare and treatable cause of heart failure. Little is known about its epidemiology and long-term prognosis. Our aims are to determine the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of AFL-TCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1269 patients were referred for radiofrequency ablation of AFL between January 1996 and September 2014; 184 had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF <40%). At 6 months after AFL ablation, 103 patients (8...
April 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Stefan Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Jorge G Quintanilla, Javier Moreno, Tamara Archondo, Elena Usandizaga, Roberto Molina-Morúa, Cruz Rodríguez-Bobada, Pablo González, María Jesús García-Torrent, David Filgueiras-Rama, Nicasio Pérez-Castellano, Carlos Macaya, Julián Pérez-Villacastín
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) electrophysiological remodeling (HF-ER) often includes the effect of chronically increased intraventricular pressures (IVPs) and promotes ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF). In addition, acutely increased IVPs have been associated with a higher rate of VT/VF episodes in chronic HF. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that increased IVPs and/or an ionic-imbalanced (acidified), catecholamine-rich (adrenergic) milieu (AA milieu) may contribute as much as HF-ER to the substrate for reentry in HF...
October 2015: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Jakub Lagan, Palaniappan Saravanan
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS) affects 4% of men and 2% of women aged 30-65 years. It is diagnosed in the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness and an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of ≥5 on polysomnography. Rhythm disturbances are common in OSAS and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to be beneficial. We present a case of a patient with obesity, atrial fibrillation with fast ventricular response, significant nocturnal pauses (3.9 s) and tachycardiomyopathy. A polysomnography confirmed severe OSAS (AHI=64...
April 1, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
M Alings, A Thornton, M Scholten, L Jordaens
A 28-year-old pregnant lady presented with cardiomyopathy and atrial tachycardia. The patient had severe heart failure and syncope. Her past medical history was uneventful. Her mother, however, had received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. The patient was scheduled for programmed stimulation, during which a monomorphic ventricular tachycardia was induced. An ICD was then implanted. Following radiofrequency ablation of the atrial tachycardia, left ventricular function recovered completely...
August 2006: Netherlands Heart Journal
Marta Pachón, Miguel A Arias, Ana Pérez-Serradilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Revista Española de Cardiología
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