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erythrocyte deformability

Ismail Hakki Akbudak, Vural Kucukatay, Ozgen Kilic-Erkek, Yasin Ozdemir, Melek Bor-Kucukatay
BACKGROUND: Ozone is used intensively worldwide in treatment and research of various pathologies due to its healing effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of major ozone autohemotherapy on erythrocyte deformability and aggregation. METHODS: 10 and 50μg/ml doses of ozone was applied for 20 minute to venous blood samples obtained from 10 healthy male volunteers. Erythrocyte aggregation, deformability were measured by an ektacytometer...
June 9, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Souleiman Ghanem, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Balazs Szabo, Adam Deak, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may affect erythrocytes through many pathways (e.g., mechanical, inflammatory). However, these effects haven't been elucidated completely yet. OBJECTIVE: To follow-up the hemorheological and the hematological changes in the presence of artificial carotid-jugular fistula in rats. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were subjected to sham-operated group (SG, n = 6) and to fistula group (FG, n = 10). Under general anesthesia, the right carotid artery and jugular vein were isolated via a neck incision, and in the FG carotid-jugular fistula was performed by microsurgical techniques Hematological variables, red blood cell (RBC) deformability and membrane (mechanical) stability parameters were determined before operation and on the 1st and 6th postoperative weeks...
June 9, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Geon Kim, Moosung Lee, SeongYeon Youn, EuiTae Lee, Daeheon Kwon, Jonghun Shin, SangYun Lee, Youn Sil Lee, YongKeun Park
Unlike mammalian erythrocytes, amphibian erythrocytes have distinct morphological features including large cell sizes and the presence of nuclei. The sizes of the cytoplasm and nuclei of erythrocytes vary significantly over different species, their environments, or pathophysiology, which makes hematological studies important for investigating amphibian species. Here, we present a label-free three-dimensional optical quantification of individual amphibian erythrocytes from frogs Pelophylax nigromaculatus (Rana nigromaculata)...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Maryam Mobini, Hamed Cheraghmakani, Zhila Torabizadeh, Omid Emadian, Fatemeh Nezhadi Kelarijani
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis formerly named "Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS)" is a systemic disease with bronchial asthma, hypereosinophilia, and systemic vasculitis. We report a case of CSS with cholecystitis and mononeuritis multiplex. A 50-year-old woman with a history of sinusitis and bronchial asthma of 8 years' duration was referred with a complaint of left-hand deformity and difficulty in walking. The laboratory findings included remarkable eosinophilia, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a marked eosinophilic infiltration in the gallbladder biopsy...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Luiza Carvalho Mourão, Rodrigo de Paula Baptista, Zélia Barbosa de Almeida, Priscila Grynberg, Maíra Mazzoni Pucci, Thiago Castro-Gomes, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Sumit Rathore, Yagya D Sharma, Rosiane A da Silva-Pereira, Marcelo Porto Bemquerer, Érika Martins Braga
Clearance of non-infected red blood cells (nRBCs) is one of the main components of anemia associated with Plasmodium vivax malaria. Recently, we have shown that anemic patients with P. vivax infection had elevated levels of anti-RBCs antibodies, which could enhance in vitro phagocytosis of nRBCs and decrease their deformability. Using immunoproteomics, here we characterized erythrocytic antigens that are differentially recognized by autoantibodies from anemic and non-anemic patients with acute vivax malaria...
June 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fabian Tomschi, David Niemann, Wilhelm Bloch, Hans-Georg Predel, Marijke Grau
This pilot study aimed to evaluate the differential effects of a remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) manoeuvre on performance and red blood cell (RBC) deformability compared to a sham control and a placebo setting. Ten male subjects performed three test settings in a single-blind, crossover, and randomized control design. All settings started with 20 min of rest and were followed by 4 cycles of occlusion/reperfusion consisting of 5 min each. During rIPC and placebo, the cuff pressure was inflated to 200 mmHg and 120 mmHg, respectively...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Julien Duez, Mario Carucci, Irene Garcia-Barbazan, Matias Corral, Oscar Perez, Jesus Luis Presa, Benoit Henry, Camille Roussel, Papa Alioune Ndour, Noemi Bahamontes Rosa, Laura Sanz, Francisco-Javier Gamo, Pierre Buffet
The mechanical retention of rigid erythrocytes in the spleen is central in major hematological diseases such as hereditary spherocytosis, sickle-cell disease and malaria. Here, we describe the use of microsphiltration (microsphere filtration) to assess erythrocyte deformability in hundreds to thousands of samples in parallel, by filtering them through microsphere layers in 384-well plates adapted for the discovery of compounds that stiffen Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes, with the aim of interrupting malaria transmission...
June 2018: Nature Protocols
Antony P McNamee, Geoff D Tansley, Michael J Simmonds
Circulation of blood depends, in part, on the ability of red blood cells (RBCs) to aggregate, disaggregate, and deform. The primary intrinsic disaggregating force of RBCs is derived from their electronegativity, which is largely determined by sialylated glycoproteins on the plasma membrane. Given supraphysiological shear exposure - even at levels below those which induce hemolysis - alters cell morphology, we hypothesized that exposure to supraphysiological and subhemolytic shear would cleave membrane-bound sialic acid, altering the electrochemical and physical properties of RBCs, and thus increase RBC aggregation...
May 24, 2018: Microvascular Research
Michel Prudent, Julien Delobel, Aurélie Hübner, Corinne Benay, Niels Lion, Jean-Daniel Tissot
The storage of erythrocyte concentrates (ECs) induces lesions that notably affect metabolism, protein activity, deformability of red blood cells (RBCs), as well as the release of oxygen. Band 3 is one of the proteins affected during the ex vivo aging of RBCs. This membrane protein is an anion transporter, an anchor site for the cytoskeleton and other membrane proteins as well as a binding site for glycolytic enzymes and bears blood group antigens. In the present study, band 3 complexes were isolated from RBCs stored for 7 and 42 days in average ( n = 3), as well as from microvesicles ( n = 3)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Mark B Plotnikov, Oleg I Aliev, Anastasia V Sidekhmenova, Alexander Y Shamanaev, Anna M Anishchenko, Tatiana I Fomina, Tatiana M Plotnikova, Alexander M Arkhipov
BACKGROUND: Many pathological mechanisms are involved in the development of arterial hypertension; disturbance of the rheological properties of blood and microvascular rarefaction are among those mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The effect of p-tyrosol (Tyr) on hemorheological parameters and microvascularization in the cerebral cortex of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) at the stage of blood pressure rising (5-11 weeks) was studied. METHODS: Blood viscosity (BV), plasma viscosity (PV), hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation and deformability, the oxygen transport capacity index (OTCI), and the capillary network in the cerebral cortex after the course of treatment of Tyr (50 mg/kg daily i...
May 6, 2018: Microvascular Research
A Caulier, R Rapetti-Mauss, H Guizouarn, V Picard, L Garçon, C Badens
Hydration status is critical for erythrocyte survival and is mainly determined by intracellular cation content. Active pumps, passive transporters, and ion channels are the key components of volume homeostasis, whereas water passively fits ionic movements. Whenever cation content increases, erythrocyte swells, whereas it shrinks when cation content decreases. Thus, inappropriate cation leak causes erythrocyte hydration disorders, hemolytic anemia, and characteristic red cell shape abnormalities named stomatocytosis...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Yang Jun Kang, Sang-Joon Lee
Haemorheologically impaired microcirculation, such as blood clotting or abnormal blood flow, causes interrupted blood flows in vascular networks. The biophysical properties of blood, including blood viscosity, blood viscoelasticity, haematocrit, red blood bell (RBC) aggregation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and RBC deformability, have been used to monitor haematological diseases. In this review, we summarise several techniques for measuring haemorheological properties, such as blood viscosity, RBC deformability and RBC aggregation, using in vitro microfluidic platforms...
May 9, 2018: Analyst
E Pretorius
OBJECTIVE: This review focusses on the erythrocytes (RBCs) and their structural changes during inflammation and impaired blood rheology. We discuss systemic inflammation and the effects of dysregulated inflammatory molecules. These pro-inflammatory molecules directly affect the haematological system, and particularly the RBCs, platelets and plasma proteins. We focus on the three main changes; increased RBC eryptosis (programmed cell death, similar to apoptosis) and pathological deformability, platelet hyperreactivity and anomalous blood clotting, due to pathological changes to fibrin(ogen) protein structure...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Zsuzsanna Magyar, Anita Mester, Gabor Nadubinszky, Gabor Varga, Souleiman Ghanem, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Adam Deak, Laszlo Bidiga, Mihai Oltean, Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can be protective against the damage. However, there is no consensus on the optimal amount of tissue, the number and duration of the ischemic cycles, and the timing of the preconditioning. The hemorheological background of the process is also unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of remote organ ischemic preconditioning on micro-rheological parameters during liver ischemia-reperfusion in rats. METHODS: In anesthetized rats 60-minute partial liver ischemia was induced with 120-minute reperfusion (Control, n = 7)...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Jeong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Boron nitride (BN) nanomaterials are promising in biomedical research owing to their large surface area, graphene-like structure, and chemical and thermal properties. However, the toxicological effects of BN on erythrocytes and blood coagulation remain uninvestigated. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to synthesize glycol chitosan (GC)- and hyaluronic acid (HA)-coated BNs, and to investigate the effects of these BNs on human cancer cells, erythrocytes, and whole blood...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
He Li, Jun Yang, Trang T Chu, Renugah Naidu, Lu Lu, Rajesh Chandramohanadas, Ming Dao, George Em Karniadakis
Reticulocytes, the precursors of erythrocytes, undergo drastic alterations in cell size, shape, and deformability during maturation. Experimental evidence suggests that young reticulocytes are stiffer and less stable than their mature counterparts; however, the underlying mechanism is yet to be fully understood. Here, we develop a coarse-grained molecular-dynamics reticulocyte membrane model to elucidate how the membrane structure of reticulocytes contributes to their particular biomechanical properties and pathogenesis in blood diseases...
April 24, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Mingsan Miao, Xu Zhang, Fan Zhang, Can Wang, Xiaoyan Fang, Ming Bai, Cuishan Xu, Leshang Teng
To investigate the effects of Scrambling Trumpet Creeper flavone on neurological function score, brain tissue lesion and related biochemical indexes in rat TIA model. Methods: TIA model was induced by tail vein injection of t-butanol (t-BHP). The rats in each administration group were given large, medium and low dose of Scrambling Trumpet Creeper flavone 0.1% CMC suspension, nimodipine and Yangxueqingnao particles group 0.1% CMC suspension, model group and blank group fed the same volume 0.1% CMC. Once a day, continuous administration of 7d...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
E Du, Yuhao Qiang, Jia Liu
We envision that electrodeformation of biological cells through dielectrophoresis as a new technique to elucidate the mechanistic details underlying membrane failure by electrical and mechanical stresses. Here we demonstrate the full control of cellular uniaxial deformation and tensile recovery in biological cells via amplitude-modified electric field at radio frequency by an interdigitated electrode array in microfluidics. Transient creep and cyclic experiments were performed on individually tracked human erythrocytes...
2018: Applied Sciences
Ana Filipa Guedes, Luís Sargento, José Braz-Nogueira, Nuno Lousada, Carlos Moreira, Filomena A Carvalho, Nuno C Santos
Erythrocyte aggregation is an indicator of cardiovascular risk, which is influenced by plasma fibrinogen concentration. Fibrinogen levels are elevated during cardiovascular diseases. Our main goals were to understand how fibrinogen-erythrocyte binding influences erythrocyte aggregation and how it constitutes a cardiovascular risk factor in essential arterial hypertension (EAH) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Fibrinogen-erythrocyte and erythrocyte-erythrocyte adhesion measurements were conducted by atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based force spectroscopy...
2018: Annals of Medicine
Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth, Anita Mester, Zsuzsanna Magyar, Souleiman Ghanem, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Adam Deak, Laszlo Bidiga, Ede Frecska, Balazs Nemes
BACKGROUND: Micro-rheological relations of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) have not been completely elucidated yet. Concerning anti-inflammatory agents, it is supposed that sigma-1 receptor agonist N,N-dimethyl-tryptamin (DMT) can be useful to reduce I/R injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the micro-rheological and metabolic parameters, and the effects of DMT in renal I/R in rats. METHODS: In anesthetized rats from median laparotomy both kidneys were exposed...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
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